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1.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 522-527, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912206

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the overlapping prevalence and risk factors of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), functional dyspepsia (FD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) among rural adults in Shaanxi Province.Methods:From February 1 to October 31 in 2019, 12 villages in Shaanxi Province were randomly selected for household questionnaire survey through multistage stratified cluster sampling. A total of 2 423 subjects were enrolled, including 1 037 males and 1 386 females, with age of (45.3±16.9) years old. GERD was diagnosed according to the Montreal criteria, FD and IBS were diagnosed according to the Rome Ⅳ criteria. The overlapping prevalence of the three diseases were calculated. The risk factors for the overlapping of GERD, FD and IBS were analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression was used for statistical analysis.Results:Among the 2 423 subjects, 624 cases had GERD (302 cases), FD (377 cases) or IBS (167 cases), of which 30.77% (192/624) patients had overlap of ≥two diseases. The overlap rates of GERD and FD, GERD and IBS, FD and IBS, GERD, FD and IBS were 2.56% (62/2 423), 1.61% (39/2 423), 2.52% (61/2 423) and 1.24% (30/2 423), respectively. The results of Multivariate analysis showed that female and migraine without aura were positively correlated with the overlap of GERD and FD, FD and IBS, and GERD and IBS (odds ratio ( OR)=3.08, 2.68, 3.66, 7.37, 5.91 and 4.46, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.35 to 7.01, 1.35 to 5.30, 1.52 to 8.83, 3.97 to 13.69, 1.78 to 19.60 and 2.01 to 9.92; all P<0.05). Heavy drinking (alcohol intake≥50 g/d (male) or≥30 g/d (female)) was positively correlated with the overlap of FD and IBS, GERD and IBS, and GERD, FD and IBS ( OR=3.69, 4.20 and 4.91, 95% CI 1.19 to 11.48, 1.01 to 17.50 and 1.23 to 19.52; all P<0.05). Heavy smoking (smoking≥20 cigarettes per day) was positively correlated with the overlap of GERD and FD, FD and IBS, GERD and IBS, and GERD, FD and IBS ( OR=3.44, 6.25, 8.27 and 7.04, 95% CI 1.07 to 11.01, 1.60 to 24.44, 1.80 to 38.07 and 1.76 to 28.12; all P<0.05). The educational level of junior or senior high school and age≥60 years old were negatively correlated with the overlap of GERD and FD, FD and IBS, GERD and IBS, and GERD, FD and IBS ( OR=0.47, 0.29, 0.20, 0.05, 0.23, 0.10, 0.37 and 0.16, 95% CI 0.23 to 0.93, 0.09 to 0.95, 0.09 to 0.42, 0.01 to 0.19, 0.09 to 0.60, 0.02 to 0.65, 0.15 to 0.87 and 0.03 to 0.81; all P<0.05). Conclusions:The overlap of GERD, FD and IBS is common and affected by many factors. Female, age≥60 years old, heavy smoking, heavy drinking, low education level and history of migraine without aura are associated with multiple overlaps of GERD, FD and IBS.

2.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 84-86, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432039

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the surgical methods for the treatment of the total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) and choices to prevent related complications.Methods We analyzed retrospectively the clinical data of 24 cases with TAPVC admitted to our hospital from Jan 2006 to Dec 2011,including 15 male and 9 females with the age range of 50 d-14 years.There were 10 cases younger than six months,accounting for 41.7% (10/24).The average body weight was (9.30 ± 3.96) kg.There were 8 cases 33.3% (8/24) had a body weight of below 10.00 kg.Among the patients,16 cases (66.7%,16/24) were supracardic type,6 (25.0%) were cardiac type,and 2 (8.30%) were intracardiac type.For the treatment of the upracardiac type,5 cases were treated through the right atrium and interatrial septum incision path;Eleven cases were through the left atrial anastomosis.For the treatment of the cardiac type,the right atrial incision was used for coronary vein antrum isolation,and the patch was carefully packaged to separate the coronary sinus openings into the left atrial side.For the 2 cases of the intracardiac type,heart was slightly lift towards the right,and the venous anastomosis was performed for the left atrial posterior wall and the summary vein,and the vertical vein was then ligated.Results No surgery-related death occurred.Reoperation was performed for 1 patient occurred pulmonary edema due to pulmonary venous obstruction induced two days post-surgery.Condition was improved after the extension of left atrial side as the patient was found to have anastomotic stenosis.Postoperative arrhythmia were observed in 7 cases (29.2%,7/24),including 3 nodal arrhythmia (12.5%,3/24) and 4 (16.7%,4/24) atrial arrhythmia.Patients were followed up for 4-24 months.All children during the follow-up period were in good condition.They had significantly improved activity tolerance compared with pre-surgery.Chest X-ray showed clear markings free of congestion.Conclusion Appropriate surgical approach and routes could help improve the success rate of surgery treatment of TAPVC and reduce postoperative complications,thus achieving good therapeutic effect.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-583499

ABSTRACT

This paper introduces the development of B-ultrasonic wave video image acquisition and management system based on Windows of the PC.With the application of VB6.0,the acquisition and dynamic display of B-ultrasonic wave video image are realized.ACCESS taken as the database and its ADO application set up,the system has the functions of query,statistics and report of B-ultrasonic wave video image.

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