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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827361

ABSTRACT

Coping style is a cognitive or behavioral strategy taken by individuals in the face of stress. Positive coping style is of great significance for improving the physical and mental outcomes of elderly patients with urinary incontinence. Accurate assessment of coping styles for the elderly patients with urinary incontinence can provide reference for the subsequent development of intervention measures. The existing coping style assessment tools for elderly incontinence at home and abroad include specific scale of incontinence, relevant psychological assessment scale, and universal scale. In a word, the progress in the studies on relevant assessment tools is slow, and it mainly focuses on the assessment of female population. The assessment content is relatively single and lacks of pertinence and systematization. In the future, a comprehensive scale with strong adaptability should be developed based on the characteristics of elderly incontinence patients in China.


Subject(s)
Adaptation, Psychological , Aged , China , Female , Humans , Urinary Incontinence
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813081

ABSTRACT

To explore the effect of icaritin on preventing the vascular calcification in mouse induced by vitamin D2.
 Methods: Fifty male C57BL mice were randomly assigned to a control group (n=10) and a model group (n=40). Mice in model group were treated with gradient-concentration of icaritin for 8 weeks. Then, they were consecutively treated with vitamin D2 for 4 days. Meanwhile, mice in negative control group were treated with the same dosage of PBS. At the end of the treatment, aortae were collected to examine the concentration of Ca, the area of calcification and the expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and Runx2.
 Results: Compared with the negative control group, the weight of mice and the concentration of Ca in the positive control (vitamin D2+0 mg/kg icaritin) group declined significantly (P<0.05) after injection of vitamin D2. Compared with the positive control group, the Ca concentration, the area of calcification, and the expression of Runx2 were significantly declined at the middle dosage of icaritin (vitamin D2+0.2 mg/kg icaritin) group (P<0.05).
 Conclusion: Icaritin could effectively prevent the vascular calcification in mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aorta , Flavonoids , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Vascular Calcification
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812997

ABSTRACT

Extracellular vesicles (EVs), including apoptotic bodies, microvesicles and exosomes, play a crucial role in cell-to-cell communication. EVs derived from various cell types have the potential to deliver complex information to endothelial cells and to induce either pro- or anti-angiogenic signaling.


Subject(s)
Cell-Derived Microparticles , Endothelial Cells , Extracellular Vesicles , Humans , Neovascularization, Pathologic
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813211

ABSTRACT

To construct a competency model for junior caregivers for the elderly and to provide a reference for the selection, evaluation and training for the junior caregivers for the elderly.
 Methods: Firstly, we drafted the primary competency model for junior caregivers for the elderly through literature review. Then, we used Delphi method to carry out 2 rounds of questionnaire survey for 20 experts to optimize the indicators for primary model. The weight of each indicator is determined by analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and expert sequencing method.
 Results: The effective recovery rates of the two-round questionnaire were 87% and 100%, respectively. The expert authority coefficient was 0.70-0.93, and the average authority coefficient was 0.80. The final version of the competency model for junior caregivers for the elderly included 4 first-grade indexes, 11 second-grade indexes and 37 third-grade indexes.
 Conclusion: The competency model for the junior caregivers for the elderly is reliable and can be used as the reference standard for the selection, evaluation and training for the junior caregivers for the elderly.


Subject(s)
Aged , Caregivers , Reference Standards , Clinical Competence , Delphi Technique , Health Services for the Aged , Reference Standards , Humans , Medical Staff, Hospital , Reference Standards , Reference Standards , Surveys and Questionnaires
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712515

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrieve literature on physician-patients relations for analysis of current studies and hotspots. Methods Papers on physician-patient relations published from January 2013 to September 2017 were retrieved in PubMed using such key words as "physician-patient relations" and"nurse-patient relations" respectively for analysis and comparison. Bibliographies of literature on such relations were downloaded, and their publication years, journals, and countries of the journal, as well as their first authors were also analyzed. High frequency words were chosen using a new method based on Zipf's law to identify the cut-off points of high-low frequency words in the corpus. Then the co-word matrix was formed using BICOMB2 to calculate the frequency of main key words,and a dendrogram was developed using SPSS 24.0 for clustering analysis. Results A total of 4 924 papers on physician-doctor relations were reviewed using 74 key words with occurrence higher than 31 times, and 2 145 papers on nurse-patient relations were retrieved using 41 key words with occurrence higher than 25 times. Co-word clustering analysis found six research focuses in recent five years: "informed consent and ethical issues","communication barriers", "trust", "implementation and construction of training courses for improving the relationship between doctors and patients","hospice care", and "patient participation in shared decision-making". It also found four research focuses on nurse-patient relations: "health knowledge, attitude and behavior", "communication and psychological nursing", "psychiatry and hospice care", and "patient centered and patient education". Conclusions Co-word clustering analysis found six research focuses in the recent five years helps understand the current situation and development trend.

6.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2017; 30 (4[Supp.]): 1455-1460
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-188864

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to understand the blood pressure control status for hypertension patients, and discuss the relationship between social support, medication compliance and blood pressure for hypertensive patients. The survey objective was the hypertensive patients in chronic disease management system in Xinxiang city. The survey was conducted as the questionnaire survey filled by objectives. Social support rating scale and medication therapy compliance questionnaire was utilized to evaluate the patients' social support and medication therapy compliance. 1095 patients in medication were investigated, the blood pressure of 66.6% investigated objectives was controlled at target levels [<140/90 mmHg], 70.0% investigated objectives have good medication therapy compliance; the overall social support score for hypertensive patients in medication was [40.01+/- 6.54] points, the subjective support score, objective support score and support utilization degree score were respectively [24.43+/- 4.61] points, [8.59+/- 2.59] points and [7.00+/- 2.06] points; Rank correlation coefficient of Spearman illustrated that the support utilization rating evaluation was apparently correlated to medication therapy compliance [rs=0.88, P<0.01]; multivariate analysis proved that the protective factors for medication therapy compliance were the high support utilization rate [OR 1.62; 95%CI 1.19tildE[2].05], long hypertensive duration [5tilde10 years: OR 2.01, 95%CI 1.42tildE[2].73; more than 10 years: OR 1.46, 95%CI 1.01tilde1.99] and high average monthly household income [OR 2.03, 95%CI 1.45tildE[2].69]; Risk factor for blood pressure control were male [OR 0.61, 95% CI 0.47tilde0.79] and high hypertensive grade [OR 0.31, 95%CI 0.19tilde0.44]; The protective factors for blood pressure control was good medication therapy compliance [OR 1.54, 95%CI 1.22 tilde 1.89], [average P<0.05]. It required to build effective social support system, increase patients' social support utilization degree, emphasized the intervention on low average monthly household incomes, male higher rate, higher hypertensive degree, and further improve the medication therapy compliance and hypertensive control rate of hypertensive patients

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669342

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the preoperational nutritional condition for the children with congenital heart disease,and to analyze the relevant factors.Methods:According to the standards of WHO,the Z-scores was used to assess the nutritional condition for the children,and the generational information questionnaire,State-Trait Anxiety Inventory,Self-Rating Depression Scale and Parent Understanding Questionnaire were used to analyze the maternal factors.Results:Stunting,underweighting and wasting represented the poor nutritional conditions,which accounted for 28.6%,25.3% and 25.3%,respectively.Maternal accurate perception and the psychological problems such as anxiety and depression were the main relevant factors.Conclusion:The poor nutritional condition for the congenital heart disease was serious.It is very important to improve the maternal accurate perception and to relieve the maternal psychological problems for changing the nutritional condition through appropriate health education and effective intervention.

8.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12): 533-537, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608946

ABSTRACT

Objective:To reveal the status and characteristics of psychiatric nursing researches nearly five years in our country and provide some references for psychiatric nursing research development in our country in the future.Methods:The literatures related to psychiatric nursing from 2011 to 2015 were searched in China academic journal network publishing pool.Then the keywords frequency analysis and cluster analysis were conducted by using the bibliography co-occurrence analysis system (Bicomb2.0) and SPSS18.0 software and the analysis results were displayed visually.Results:In 8215 original keywords,after cleaning normatively,6643 keywords reserved finally,and there were 17 high frequency keywords among them.Through the word frequency analysis and cluster analysis,it is found that the psychiatric nursing research nearly five years in China could be classified into three major focus:psychiatric nursing safety management,psychological and rehabilitation nursing with schizophrenia patients,and promoting high quality nursing care to help improve the nursing quality.Conclusion:Psychiatric nursing research in China from 2011 to 2015 focuses on psychiatric nursing safety and quality management,and the patients with schizophrenia have been paid close attention,especially on their psychology and rehabilitation care.

9.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 665-671, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620709

ABSTRACT

Objective To conduct a systematic review on the need and experience of patients in end of life and provide evidence-based guidance for delivery of end-of-life care in hospital and community settings. Methods Two Chinese (CBM and CNKI) and four English relevant databases (PsycINFO,MEDLINE,EMbase and CINAHL) were in-cluded to retrieve literatures on Chinese dying patients' needs and experience between inception and August 2016. The JBI Critical Appraisal Tool for qualitative studies in Australia was used to evaluate the quality of studies. The searching results were synthesized by employing Integrating Methods. Results Seventy-five findings were extracted from 9 qualified studies. The 75 findings were sequently integrated into 5 categories and finally 2 synthesized re-sults were summarized from the 5 categories. Integration result 1:under the sufferings from both physical and psy-chological aspects,dying patients require support from both family and society. Integration result 2:although death is acceptable for patients,they still hope for dignity and goals of life. Conclusion Needs of patients in end-of-life should be understood and respected. Reasonable and effective measures need to be taken to meet their needs and improve their quality of life.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482316

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence and influencing factors for sharp injuries occurred in workers in central sterile supply departments (CSSDs).Methods In October-November 2012,a multicenter cross-sectional survey was conducted,a total of 95 workers in CSSDs of 16 hospitals in Hunan Province were surveyed through questionnaires.Results A total of 89 workers (93.68%)in CSSDs sustained sharp injuries,46 (48.42%)of whom sustained 1 -5 times of sharp injuries,22(23.16%)sustained 6-10 times of sharp injuries,and 11 (11 .58%)sus-tained for at least 10 times of sharp injuries.81 workers (85.26%)sustained at least one time of sharp injuries one year before survey,52 (54.73%)of whom were injured by contaminated needles or other sharps.Logistic regression analysis revealed that higher educational background was protective factor for sharp injuries(OR 90%CI :0.05-0.87);while poor sleep quality(OR 90%CI :1 .03-17.94),frequent touching sharps(OR 90%CI :1 .11 -12.15),and irrational placing of objects by the other medical stuff (surgeons and nurses in operating rooms)(OR 90%CI :1 .23-16.98)were the risk factors for sharp injuries.Conclusion The incidence of sharp injuries among workers in CSSDs is high,which is related to personal factors and environmental factors.It is suggested to strengthen staff training to enhance their awareness of precaution.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490533

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current status of students' self-efficacy and sense of life meaning in medical college students, and explore the relationship between them, then give advice to improve the students' general self-efficacy and the sense of life meaning.Methods A random sampling method was used to select 386 undergraduates in a medical college from freshman to senior.The purpose in life test (PIL) revised by He Jiying (1994) and general self efficacy scale (GSES) revised by Wang Caikang (2001) were used in this research.Data were analyzed by SPSS 18.0 software, and the data were analyzed by t test, x2 test, Spearman correlation analysis.Inspection level of alpha=0.01 (double side).Results The score of GSES was (2.62 ± 0.40), and the score of PIL was (74.06 ± 11.09);t test showed that the PIL score of students with higher GSES score was higher than the PIL score of students with lower GSES score (t=5.054, P=0.000);The correlation analysis showed that GSES score was positively correlated with PIL score (r=0.283, P=0.000).Conclusion The general self-efficacy and sense of life meaning of medical college students are in the medium level, and the positive correlation exists between the two.A series of measures should be adopted to strengthen the students' general efficacy, so as to improve their sense of life.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815272

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the effect of statins on prognosis for patients with cancers.
@*METHODS@#Literature on PubMed, EMbase and Cochrane library was screened from the establishment of databases to March, 2015 to find relevant studies. Random-effects models were used to calculate the pooled hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for the association between statin use and all-cause mortality and cancer-specific mortality.
@*RESULTS@#A total of 25 studies covered 523 193 patients were identified and included in this Meta-analysis. The pooled effect showed that statin application was associated with a reduction in all-cause mortality in cancer patients (HR, 0.82; 95% CI: 0.76 to 0.89). A significantly decreased mortality in prostate cancer was revealed in subgroup by cancer sites (HR, 0.66; 95% CI: 0.52 to 0.83). In addition, sensitivity analysis demonstrated a weakened association between statin application and all-cause mortality after excluding the studies with shorter follow-up duration (HR, 0.91; 95% CI: 0.75 to 1.10).
@*CONCLUSION@#A beneficial effect of statin on all-cause mortality and cancer-specific mortality is presented in patients with cancer. However, further studies are needed to confirm the long term effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Prognosis , Prostatic Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Mortality
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815153

ABSTRACT

We reported a case of gastric perforation repair operation performed by the first domestic surgical robot, named Miaoshou. The comprehensive and accurate nursing assessments and targeted psychological care were performed before the surgery. Close observation and care, effective prevention and treatment of complications, and nice guidance of diet were conducted after the surgery. All of these measures exerted positive effects on successful operation and early rehabilitation for patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Perioperative Nursing , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Stomach Diseases , Nursing , General Surgery
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463761

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the relationship between serum omentin-1 concentration and bone mineral desity in postmenopausal women, and the adipose influence of tissue on bone mineral density (BMD). Methods: BMD values of 336 participants were measured by dual-energy-x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) at various skeletal sites: the anteroposterior spine, femeral neck, total hip (T-hip) and total body BMD (TBMD). Body compositions including lean tissue mass (LTM) and body fat mass (FBM) were measured by DEXA. hTe plasma concentrations of adipocytokines (omentin-1, adiponectin,leptin,resistin,visfatin, andapelin) were measured by ELISA. Results: hTe overweight and obese groups had higher T-hip,femerol neck, intertrochanter BMDthan the nomal weight group. Plasma omentin-1 was negatively correlated with anteroposterior spine, femeral neck, trochanter, intertrochanter, T-hip and Ward’s BMD, after adjustment for age, BMI and fat body mass, and the correlation was not significant. Multiple stepwise regression anlysis revealed that lean body mass, menopause duration and estrogen level were the most important variables affecting the BMD and each explained 12.2%–13.7%, 6.9%–13.1%, 0.9%–1.7% of the variance. Serum adiponectin was independently associated with T-hip, lumbar spine and total BMD. Conclusion: Plasma omentin-1 is not significantly correlated with BMD in postmenopausal women. Lean body mass, menopause duration and estrogen level are the most important variables affecting the BMD. Serum adiponectin is an independent predictor of T-hip, lumbar spine and total BMD.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468266

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the criterion-related validity of Menopause-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (MENQOL)-Chinese version and to evaluate the effect of menopausal symptoms on health related quality of life. Methods:This study was a cross-sectional survey. Three communities were randomly chosenin Changsha,and then 340 menopausal women aged 45-55 years were randomly chosen from the documented data of the 3 community health service centers. They were required to fill out 4 questionnaires: demographic questionnaire, MENQOL-Chinese version, Kupperman Index (KI) and World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHQOL)-BREF. Correlation analysis was used to measure the criterion-related validity. Results: MENQOL-Chinese version subscales (vasomotor, psycho-social, sexual and physical) and KI total score were positively correlated (r=0.800,0.751, 0.607, 0.906 respectively); while negatively correlated with WHOQOL-BREF total score (r =-0.694,-0.851,-0.585,-0.873 respectively); MENQOL-Chinese version subscales (vasomotor, psycho-social, sexual and physical) were signiifcantly correlated with WHOQOL-BREF subscales (physical, psychological, social relationship, environment), and the physical domain was the highest among the correlation coeffcients (r=-0.915). Conclusion:MENQOL-Chinese version shows relatively high criterion-related validity compared with KI and WHOQOL-BREF, which can be widely used to measure the quality of life of menopause women in China.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815533

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the clinical effect of standardized training and management of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) and catheter-related complications.@*METHODS@#A total of 610 patients were divided into a control group and an observation group, the control group (n=300) were catheterized by trainees who received "short-term intensive training", the observation group (n=310) by "system standardized training and management". The clinical efficacy of catheterization and the rate of catheter-related complications were compared.@*RESULTS@#There was significant difference in the one-time puncture success rate, one-time cannulation success rate, the time for operation and the pain score between the 2 groups (all P<0.01), and there was also significant difference in the occurrence of catheter extrusion, plug, arrhythmia, catheter-related thrombosis, phlebitis, puncture point effusion and catheter-related infection between the 2 groups (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Standardized PICC training and management can improve the effect of catheterization and reduce the incidence of PICC-related complication.


Subject(s)
Catheter-Related Infections , Catheterization, Peripheral , Methods , Humans , Incidence , Inservice Training , Thrombosis
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815407

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the characteristics of infections associated with peripheral venous indwelling needles and to explore the best indwelling position in patients with cardiovascular diseases from the perspective of bacteriology.@*METHODS@#A total of 240 hospitalized patients from the Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University between November 2009 to July 2010 were randomly selected, and were divided into 3 groups according to the indwelling position and the indwelling time: a back of hand group (n=80), a forearm group (n=80) and a foot group (n=80). The above 3 groups were also divided into 4 subgroups according to the indwelling time (T1: 48 h ≤ t < 72 h; T2: 72 h ≤ t ≤ 96 h; T3: 96 h < t ≤ 120 h; and T4: 120 h < t ≤ 168 h) (20 patients in each subgroup). The bacteria of samples from puncture position of the skin were respectively cultured and identified after skin disinfection, needle pulling out and sample puncture from the indwelling needle catheters, respectively.@*RESULTS@#1) After the skin disinfection, there was no bacterium in the skin samples of puncture position. 2) When the needles were pulled out, there was bacterial growth in the skin samples of puncture position in 41 patients in the 3 groups, and the bacterium was not detected in samples of the 3 groups at T1 and T2 period. There was no significant difference in the positive rate of bacterial culture in the 3 groups at T3 and T4 period (P<0.05). 3) When the needles were pulled out. There was bacterial growth in the samples of indwelling needle catheters in 10 patients in the 3 groups; no bacterium was detected in the back of hand group and the forearm group at T1, T2, T3 and T4 period. In the foot group, there was no bacterium growth in the samples of indwelling needle catheters at T1 and T2 period, but there was bacterial growth in 4 patients at T3 period and in 6 patients at T4 period. There was significant difference in the positive rate of bacterial culture in the samples of indwelling needle catheters in the 3 groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The best indwelling position for peripheral venous indwelling needles is the forearm in patients with cardiovascular diseases.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Cardiovascular Diseases , Catheters, Indwelling , Equipment Contamination , Foot , Microbiology , Forearm , Microbiology , Hand , Microbiology , Humans , Needles , Skin , Microbiology , Veins , Microbiology
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431995

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the quality of life (QOL) of the primary caregivers of children with autism and find the influencing factors.Methods 163 caregivers of children with autism were assessed with short form 36 health survey questionnaire(SF-36) in Chinese,and the data were analyzed by correlation.Results The QOL of the caregivers was injured in many fields.The scores of the eight dimensions of SF-36 were listed respectively as:physical functioning (PF) 84.69 ± 16.39,role limitation due to physical health (RP) 28.87 ± 22.85,bodily pain (BP) 64.72 ± 21.85,general health perception (GH) 50.06 ± 21.80,vitality (VT) 42.79 ± 23.42,social functioning (SF) 52.76 ± 25.46,role limitations due to emotional problems (RE) 32.10 ± 22.27,mental health (MH) 46.17 ± 24.43.The QOL of the primary caregiver was closely related to the caregiver's age,educational level,the family economical situation and time of caring (P < 0.01),and also related to the children's age,autism procedure (P<0.05).There was no relationship betwecn the QOL and the children's gender,time of participating in rehabilitation training,whether the only child or not,type of medical expense,the caregiver's gender,nationality,marital status,religion,relation with the children,and the family residence.Conclusions The QOL of the primary caregivers of children with autism is affected seriously,and should be intervened accordingly.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419325

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the level of caregiver burden of primary caregivers of children with autism,and explore the factors related to caregiver burden.Methods 177 caregivers of children with autism were tested with caregiver burden inventory(CBI) and childhood autism rating scale(CARS).A cross-sectional and multisite study design was used.ResultsThe scores of caregiver burden was ( 57.50 ± 14.91 ),and time-dependence burden and developmental burden were the most serious domains.Caregiver burden was affected by caregiver's age,caregiver's religious beliefs,caregiver's marital status,caregiver employment status and education degree and children's scores of CARS and degree of CARS( -0.151 ≤ r ≤0.282,P< 0.05 ).ConclusionThe data suggest that community care workers should pay attention to caregivers of children with autism and give them personalized health education and intervention according to the demographic characteristics of the caregivers and the severity of children disease.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392957

ABSTRACT

ucting the students to correct their attitudes to-ward learning, consolidate the professional thinking, intensify their critical thinking awareness, then further improve the masters' ability of critical thinking.

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