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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878540


With the advantages of low immunogenicity and long half-life, human monoclonal antibody has become an indispensable biological agent in vivo. Immortalization of human B cells is a potential and effective method to obtain natural human antibody library, which can provide a rich source for the preparation of human monoclonal antibodies. As there are urgent problems to be solved in each platform, the preparation of antibodies based on human B cell immortalization is still limited to the laboratory research stage. At present, there is a lack of a systematic review to clarify the advantages and disadvantages of the existing human B cell immortalization antibody preparation platform and its feasibility analysis. This paper reviews the research on the preparation of human monoclonal antibody based on human B cells immortalization, and describes an in vitro cell culture method, in which hCD40L vesicles are used instead of feeder cells, in order to provide references for the further development of human monoclonal antibody preparation technology.

Antibodies, Monoclonal , B-Lymphocytes , Cell Culture Techniques , Humans
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 731-734,735, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603213


Objective To research the relationship between Serum uric acid (SUA) levels and the Neu-trophil-to-lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) patients. Method 273 newly diag-nosed T2DM patients are selected in accordance with the WHO diagnostic criteria: Male subjects with SUA lev-els ≥ 416 μmol/L(70 mg/L), and female subjects with SUA levels ≥ 357 μmol/L (60 mg/L) are sorted into the high SUA (HUA) group (224 subjects), and the rest into the normal SUA (NUA) group (49 subjects). 100 subjects were selected as a control group. One-Way analysis of variance was applied to the data of the three groups; Pearson correlation analysis was used to calculate the correlation of SUA levels , NLR and IR; risk fac-tors influencing SUA levels were analyzed with Logistic regression analysis; ROC curve analysis was used to de-termine the diagnostic value of NLR to HUA, and the optimal threshold value of NLR. Result (1) The NLR and IR of the HUA group was significantly higher than those of the NUA group (2.54 ± 0.63 vs. 2.05 ± 0.61, P < 0.001; 3.70 ± 1.86 vs. 2.71 ± 1.43, P < 0.001); (2) In the HUA group, UA was positively correlated with NLR and IR (respectively r = 0.480, P < 0.001; r = 0.332, P < 0.001). (3)NLR (P < 0.001, EXP(B)= 8.045, 95%CI = 4.597 ~ 14.079) was a risk factor of Hyperuricemia. Conclusion Our results suggest that NLR may be an independent risk factor of Hyperuricemia.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271789


This paper is aimed to investigate the signal source and influential factors in signals of trans-esophageal pulse oxygen saturation (SeO2). The red light of the SeO2 probe was faced directly to the descending aorta (DA) of the mongrel dogs. The readings and waveform of SeO2 signals were recorded under following conditions: before and after DA was shield; before and after the blood supply of esophagus was cut off; under the different touch pressures between the SeO2 probe and the esophageal wall. The readings and waveform of SeO2 signals were also recorded respectively at both different esophageal depth and directions when mechanical ventilation was on and off. The tongue oxygen saturation (StO2) was recorded simultaneously as control. The waveform of SeO2 signals disappeared after DA was shield (P < 0.001). No significant difference was found in the SeO2 signals before and after the blood supply of esophagus was cut off (P > 0.05). Compared with the StO2 readings when the SeO2 probe was placed at different esophageal depth, the waldeyer ring, cervical area and thoracic inlet,the readings of SeOz significantly decreased (P < 0.05) while mechanical ventilation was on and off. However, there was no significant difference in the readings between SeO2 signals from DA, aortic arch (AA) and left subclavian artery and the StO2 signals recorded simultaneously. Mechanical ventilation had a remarkable effect on the SeO2 signals at different esophageal depth (P < 0.05), but the StO2 signals lay in its insensitivity to its influence. The readings of StO2 signals were significantly different from that of StO2 signals when the touch pressure between the SeO2 probe and the esophageal wall below 40 mmHg (P < 0.01). The directions of the optimum SeO2 signals acquired at different esophageal depth were not the same. The SeO2 signals were primarily derived from deeper arteries around the esophagus. All of Mechanical ventilation, location of the SeO2 probe in the esophagus and the touch pressure between the probe and esophageal wall can influence SeO2 signals.

Animals , Aorta, Thoracic , Physiology , Biosensing Techniques , Methods , Blood Gas Analysis , Methods , Dogs , Esophagus , Female , Male , Oximetry , Methods , Oxygen , Blood , Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426924


[Objective]To observe the relationship between blood uric acid(UA)level and carotid atherosclerosis(CAS)in perimenopausal women.[Methods] Two hundred and thirty-three perimenopausal women were selected.Intima media thickness(IMT)of bilateral carotid arteries were measured by colour Doppler ultrasound.They were divided into normal group(162 cases)and CAS group(71 cases)according to the results of colour Doppler ultrasound.The level of blood UA between two groups was compared and the influence factors of CAS we re analyzed.[Results] The level of blood UA in CAS group was significantly higher than that in normal group[(341 ± 86)μ mol/L vs.(293±78)μ mol/L](P < 0.05).The detection rate of hyperuricemia in normal group was 10.49%(17/162),while the detection rate in CAS group was 40.85%(29/71),which had statistical significance between two groupe(P<0.01).Pearson correlation analysis showed that CAS had positive correlation with age(r=0.233,P=0.028),body mass index(BMI)(r=0.215,P=0.044),bloodUA(r=0.249,P=0.019)and fasting plasma ghcose(r=0.214,P=0.046).AndCASwas negatively correlated with high density lipoprotein cholesterol(r=-0.224,P=0.036).Logistic regression analysis showed that after the factors of age and BMI were corrected,CAS still had significantly positive correlation with the level of blood UA(OR=4.805,95% CI 1.700-11.673,P < 0.05).[Conclusion]Hyperuricemia is a related risk factor of the incidence of carotid atherosclerosis in perimenopausal women.