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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828437

ABSTRACT

Guided by the theory of "component structure", we analyzed the structural characteristics of pharmacodynamical components in genuine Moutan Cortex. The compositions of organic small molecules were determined by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) for 20 batches of genuine Moutan Cortex and 12 batches of non-genuine Moutan Cortex. By means of similarity analysis, clustering analysis(CA), principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least-squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA), the elements in structural characteristics of the pharmacodynamical components were extracted as follows: terpene glycosides components(oxidized paeoniflorin, paeoniflorin,galloyl paeoniflorin, benzoyloxy paeoniflorinand benzoyl paeoniflorin), tannin components(1,3,6-tri-O-galloside acyl glucose, pentagalloyl glucose), and phenolic acid components(methyl gallate, paeonol). The contents and quantity ratios of terpene glycoside component, tannin component and phenolic acid components in genuine Moutan Cortex were determined as 14.1, 12.5, 21.7 mg·g~(-1), 1.00∶0.89∶1.54. The contents and quantity ratios of the oxidized paeoniflorin, paeoniflorin and benzoylpaeoniflorin in the terpene glycoside components were characteristic and determined as 2.05, 7.05, 3.30 mg·g~(-1), 1.00∶3.44∶1.61. The unique structural characteristics of genuine Moutan Cortex provide scientific basis for the formulation of quality standards.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Paeonia , Principal Component Analysis
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828435

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we aim to control and evaluate the quality of Liuwei Dihuang Concentrated Pill by using the model of fingerprint technique and "component structure" theory. Agilent 5 TC-C_(18) column(4.6 mm×250 mm,5 μm) was used, with 0.1% formic acid solution-acetonitrile as mobile phase at a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min~(-1). The column temperature was 30 ℃, with detection wavelength of 242 nm and the sample volume of 10 μL. The characteristic fingerprint of Liuwei Dihuang Concentrated Pill was established by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) for its quality control. Seventeen common peaks were identified, and the similarity was 0.550-0.997 in 29 batches of samples, indicating that the quality difference among batches of Liuwei Dihuang Concentrated Pills was significant. The structural characteristics of the Moutan Cortex components in Liuwei Dihuang Concentrated Pills were characterized. On this basis, combined with the structural characteristics of genuine components of Moutan Cortex, the structural characteristics of components in Liuwei Dihuang Concentrated Pills were further analyzed. The results showed that there were significant differences in the contents and quantity ratios of 9 representative components(components) of Moutan Cortex in Liuwei Dihuang Concentrated Pills from different manufacturers, indicating internal quality differences among different batches of products. The fingerprint technique and the "component structure" theory established by the above research provide an analytical method and a research foundation for the quality evaluation of Liuwei Dihuang Concentrated Pills.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871583

ABSTRACT

Objective:The purpose of this study was to explore new method for evaluating the severity of extravascular lung water in patients after bilateral lung transplantation.Methods:The study was performed in 50 patients after bilateral lung transplantation in our hospital from 2017 to 2018. Picco were implanted during the operation .Two hours after the operation, a doctor monitored the index of EVLWI and PVPI.At the same time, another doctor carried out examination of lung ultrasonography and Calculated the numbers of B line. After ultrasonography, the doctor used ELISA to determine the level of SDC-1.Results:EVLWI were significantly correlated with the number of B-line and the level of SDC-1 ( RS=0.833, RS=0.747, P<0.05), PVPI were significantly correlated with the number of B-line and the level of SDC-1 ( RS=0.738, RS=0.626, P<0.05). Conclusion:The number of B-line and the level of SDC-1 have a good correlation with extravascular lung water. The combination of the two indicators might be used as a reliable index for evaluating the degree of extravascular lung water after bilateral lung transplantation.

4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2838-2849, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878533

ABSTRACT

(2S)-taxifolin is an important flavonoid that has anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidation effects. It is widely used in pharmaceutical and nutraceutical industries. Flavone 3-hydroxylase (F3H) can catalyze the synthesis of (2S)-taxifolin and other 3-hydroxylated flavonoids from (2S)-eriodictyol. Due to the low catalytic efficiency of F3H, the titer of many 3-hydroxyflavones, such as taxifolin, synthesized by microbial method is relatively low. In this study, a SmF3H was identified from the transcriptome of Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. The results of fermentation showed that SmF3H can catalyze the flavone 3-hydroxylation reaction, and its catalytic efficiency was significantly higher than that of commonly used SlF3H from Solanum lycopersicum. Six promoters with different transcription strength were selected to optimize the synthesis pathway from the flavonoid precursor (2S)-naringenin to (2S)-taxifolin. The results showed that the highest titer of (2S)-taxifolin (695.90 mg/L in shake flask) could be obtained when the P(GAL7) promoter was used to control the expression of SmF3H. The titer of (2S)-taxifolin was further improved to 3.54 g/L in a 5-L fermenter, which is the highest titer according to current available literatures.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Flavonoids , Milk Thistle , Quercetin/analogs & derivatives
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744539

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of microRNA-10b (miR-10b) in the proliferation and invasion potential of osteosarcoma cell lines MG-63 and the exact underlying mechanism.Methods The expression level of miR-10b in human osteosarcoma tissue samples and adjacent normal bone tissues were detected by relative quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR).miR-10b mimic and siRNA against Twist (Twist siRNA) were transfected into human osteosarcoma cell lines MG-63 respectively using lipofactamine 2000, and RT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression levels of miR-10b and Twist, and Twist protein expression level was detected by Western blot.The effect of miR-10b mimic and Twist siRNA on proliferation of MG-63 were detected by MTT[3- (4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl) -5- (3-carboxymethoxyphenyl) -2- (4-sulfophenyl) -2 H-tetrazolium].The in-vitro cell invasion ability was determined by Transwell invasion assays after up-regulating miR-10b or knocking down of Twist.Results The expression levels of miR-10b was higher in human osteosarcoma tissue samples compared with adjacent normal bone tissues, the differences were extremely statistical significance (P<0.01).miR-10b directly up regulated the mRNA and protein expression levels of Twist, the differences were significant (P<0.05).In addition, miR-10b had enhanced the cell invasion and the proliferation (P<0.05), whereas the proliferation and invasion ability of MG-63 which transfected by both miR-10b mimic and Twist siRNA were significantly reduced than that transfected by miR-10b mimic (P<0.05).Conclusion miR-10b in MG-63 promotes the proliferation and invasion potential of human osteosarcoma cell lines MG-63, at least partly through the upregulation of Twist gene.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755878

ABSTRACT

Objective To study risk factors of newly developed nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in patients after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) and the effect on prognosis.Methods Date of patients undergoing PD surgery at Pancreatic Department,Tianjin Cancer Hospital were collected from Jan 2016 to Dec 2016.Patients were divided into two groups according to occurrence of NAFL Devents.Results There were 22 patients in NAFLD group (group Ⅰ) and 47 patients in non NAFLD group(group Ⅱ).All patients were followed up till the end of 2017.Multi-factor analysis showed that extraintestinal drainage of pancreatic juice (OR =18.118,95% CI 2.968-114.455,P =0.002) and dissected lymph node number over 30 (OR =8.424,95% CI 2.272-31.232,P =0.001) were independent factors associated with NAFLD in patients after PD.Survival analysis showed no statistically significance for median progression-free survival (12.7 months in group Ⅰ vs.13.9 months in group Ⅱ,P =0.99) and median overall survival (mOS) (15.4 months in group Ⅰ vs.17.7 months in group Ⅱ,P =0.09).Conclusions Extraintestinal drainage of pancreatic juice and lymph node clearance over 30 are independent risk factors for new NAFLD in PD patients.The effect of new NAFLD on PFS and OS is not statistically significant.

7.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 289-294, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754895

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the aortic calcification level in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA),and to analyze the relationships between aortic calcification and some RA disease related presentations.Methods RA patients (RA group) were all in-patients consecutively recruited from the Department of Rheumatology in one single tertiary hospital,and healthy subjects (control group) were individuals for check-up from the same hospital at the same time.Subjects with long-term smoking and drinking history,diabetes,hypertension,coronary heart disease,cancer,active or chronic infection,other autoimmune diseases and liver or kidney dysfunction were excluded in both groups.The aortic calcification scores (including ascending aorta,arcus aorta and aorta thoracica) were obtained automatically by 256-slice spiral CT scanner using the Heart Beat-CS program.Statistical package from Soci-science (SPSS) 17.0 software was used for data analysis.Student's t test,Mann-Whitney U test,Spearman test and x2 test were used.Results One hundred RA patients and 60 healthy subjects were selected,and there were no differences of age [(53±10) vs (51 ±8),t=1.031,P=0.304) and gender compositions [male 40(40%) vs 25(41%),x2=0.430,P=0.869) between the two groups.The aortic calcification score in the RA group was higher than that in the control group [19.4(3.3,190.0) vs 2.1 (1.9,18.0),U=1 579.5,P<0.01].In RA group,the calcification score was positively correlated with age (r=0.729,P<0.01),course of disease (r=0.227,P=0.023),C-reactive protein (CRP) (r=0.229,P=0.022),total cholesterol (TC) (r=0.220,P=0.028) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (r=0.224,P=0.014),but not related with treatment duration,number of tender joints and swollen joints,erythrocyte sedimentation rate,rheumatoid factor,anti-CCP antibody,DAS-28 (CRP),DAS-28 (ESR),triglyceride (TG) and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C).The aortic calcification was also positively correlated with age in control group (r=0.465,P<0.01),but not related with TC,TG,HDL-C,LDL-C.Conclusion RA patients have more severe aortic calcification than the matched general population.Aortic calcification degree is related to disease course,CRP,TC and LDL-C,which indicates that chronic systemic inflammation is essential to aortic calcification in RA.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824418

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare pedicle screw internal fixation (PSIF) and subcutaneous anterior pelvic internal fixation (APIF) in the treatment of pelvic anterior ring fractures.Methods A retrospective study was conducted of a consecutive series of 46 patients who had undergone surgery for anterior ring pelvic fractures at Department of Orthopaedic Surgery,The People's Hospital of Henan Province from January 2014 to September 2018.Of them,20 were treated by PSIF and 26 by APIF.In the PSIF group,there were 12 males and 8 females with an age of 47.8 ± 2.4 years,and 6 cases of B1,9 cases of type B2,4 cases of type B3 and one case of type C1 by the Tile's classification;in the APIF group,there were 16 males and 10 females with an age of 49.6 ± 1.2 years,and 9 cases of B1,8 cases of type B2,5 cases of type B3,2 cases of type C1 and 2 cases of type C2 by the Tile's classification.The 2 groups were compared in terms of surgical or postoperative complications (including iatrogenic nerve injury,infection,implant failure and fracture nonunion),fracture reduction and therapeutic efficacy at the final follow-up.Results There were no significant differences between the 2 groups of patients in their preoperative general data,indicating they were compatible(P > 0.05).The 46 patients were followed up for 9 to 18 months (mean,13.5 months).In the PSIF and APIF groups,the incidences of injury to the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve were 5.0% (1/20) and 7.7% (2/26),those of infection 5.0% (1/20) and 3.8% (1/26),and those of skin discomfort 5.0% (1/20) and 7.7% (2/26),respectively.According to the Matta criteria,the fracture reduction at the last follow-up was evaluated as excellent in 7,as good in 11 and as fair in 2 in the PSIF group,giving an excellent and good rate of 90.0%,and as excellent in 9,as good in 13 and as fair in 4 in the APIF group,giving an excellent and good rate of 84.6%.According to the Majeed criteria,the pelvic function at the final follow-up was evaluated as excellent in 10,as good in 7,as fair in 2 and as poor in one in the PSIF group,giving an excellent and good rate of 85.0%,and as excellent in 13,as good in 10,and as fair in 3 in the APIF group,giving an excellent and good rate of 88.5%.There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in all the comparisons above (P > 0.05).The incidence of femoral nerve parasthesia was 0(0/20) for the PSIF group,significantly lower than that for the APIF groups (3.8%,1/26) (P < 0.05).Conclusion As both PSIF and APIF lead to similar clinical efficacy in the treatment of pelvic anterior ring fracture,either of them can be selected as an appropriate surgical procedure depending on the patient's situation and surgeon's experience.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801769

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the clinical efficacy of modified Zhenwutang combined with Zhengji technique on cold-dampness arthralgia syndrome caused by knee osteoarthritis (KOA) at episode and the effect on inflammatory factors of joint fluid. Method: One hundred and forty-eight patients were randomly divided into control group and observation group by random number table. Patients in control group got celecoxib capsules, 0.2 g/time, 1 time/day, and Zhengji technique with lumbar positioning oblique pulling and finger pressing for 12 times, 1 time for every two days, 3 times/week. Patients in observation group got modified Zhenwutang, 1 dose/day, and the same Zhengji technique. The course of treatment was 4 weeks. Before and after treatment, western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis index (WOMAC), pain and swelling, index of severity of osteoarthritis (ISOA), local signs of knee joint and cold-dampness obstruction syndrome were scored, and the score of quality of life were discussed by arthritis impact measurement scale 2 (AIMS2-SF). And levels of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), IL-17, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) were detected. Result: The clinical efficacy in observation group was better than that in control group (Z=2.131, PPPβ, IL-17, TNF-α, SP and CGRP were higher than those in control group (PConclusion: Modified Zhenwutang combined with Zhengji technique can relieve clinical symptoms of patients with cold-dampness arthralgia syndrome caused by knee osteoarthritis (KOA) at episode, ameliorate joint function to improve patients' quality of life, reduce the expression of proinflammatory factors and neuropeptides in synovial fluid, so as to inhibit the inflammatory response and controlling clinical symptoms.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799896

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare pedicle screw internal fixation (PSIF) and subcutaneous anterior pelvic internal fixation (APIF) in the treatment of pelvic anterior ring fractures.@*Methods@#A retrospective study was conducted of a consecutive series of 46 patients who had undergone surgery for anterior ring pelvic fractures at Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The People’s Hospital of Henan Province from January 2014 to September 2018. Of them, 20 were treated by PSIF and 26 by APIF. In the PSIF group, there were 12 males and 8 females with an age of 47.8±2.4 years, and 6 cases of B1, 9 cases of type B2, 4 cases of type B3 and one case of type C1 by the Tile’s classification; in the APIF group, there were 16 males and 10 females with an age of 49.6±1.2 years, and 9 cases of B1, 8 cases of type B2, 5 cases of type B3, 2 cases of type C1 and 2 cases of type C2 by the Tile’s classification. The 2 groups were compared in terms of surgical or postoperative complications (including iatrogenic nerve injury, infection, implant failure and fracture nonunion), fracture reduction and therapeutic efficacy at the final follow-up.@*Results@#There were no significant differences between the 2 groups of patients in their preoperative general data, indicating they were compatible(P>0.05). The 46 patients were followed up for 9 to 18 months (mean, 13.5 months). In the PSIF and APIF groups, the incidences of injury to the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve were 5.0%(1/20) and 7.7%(2/26), those of infection 5.0%(1/20) and 3.8%(1/26), and those of skin discomfort 5.0% (1/20) and 7.7%(2/26), respectively. According to the Matta criteria, the fracture reduction at the last follow-up was evaluated as excellent in 7, as good in 11 and as fair in 2 in the PSIF group, giving an excellent and good rate of 90.0%, and as excellent in 9, as good in 13 and as fair in 4 in the APIF group, giving an excellent and good rate of 84.6%. According to the Majeed criteria, the pelvic function at the final follow-up was evaluated as excellent in 10, as good in 7, as fair in 2 and as poor in one in the PSIF group, giving an excellent and good rate of 85.0%, and as excellent in 13, as good in 10, and as fair in 3 in the APIF group, giving an excellent and good rate of 88.5%. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in all the comparisons above (P>0.05). The incidence of femoral nerve parasthesia was 0(0/20) for the PSIF group, significantly lower than that for the APIF groups (3.8%, 1/26) (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#As both PSIF and APIF lead to similar clinical efficacy in the treatment of pelvic anterior ring fracture, either of them can be selected as an appropriate surgical procedure depending on the patient’s situation and surgeon’s experience.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781673

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of the small needle knife through the Zusanli(ST 36) on behavior and hippocampal expression of NLRP3 and IL-1β in myalgia comorbid depressed rats.@*METHODS@#The rat models of myalgia comorbid depression were prepared by intraperitoneal injection of acute reserpine. Twenty-four SD male rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, small needle knife group and amitriptyline group, 6 rats in each group. The open field behavior and mechanical pain threshold of each group were detected. The thermal pain threshold was detected by intelligent hot plate test. The expression of NLRP3 and IL-1β in hippocampus of rats was detected by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the model group, the mechanical pain threshold of the foot was significantly improved in the small needle knife group (0.05). The expressions of NLRP3 and IL-1β in the hippocampus of the model group were significantly increased(0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Small needle knife can improve the pathological state of myalgia comorbid depression caused by reserpine in rats. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome and IL-1β expression in central hippocampus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hippocampus , Inflammasomes , Interleukin-1beta , Male , Myalgia , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1219-1223, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796503

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the effects of abnormal body temperature and the area under temperature curve on the prognosis of patients with septic shock.@*Methods@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted. Patients with septic shock admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Wuxi People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from September 2013 to June 2019 were enrolled. Data were obtained from the hospital case database, including the gender, age, infection source, the length of ICU stay, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, 21-day prognosis; within the first 24 hours and throughout the period in ICU, the maximum temperature (24 h Tmax, Tmax), lowest temperature (24 h Tmin, Tmin), and the temperature range (24 h Tmax-min, Tmax-min) were aggregated. The area under temperature curve when body temperature was higher than T (A > T), or lower than T (A < T), and area section between T1 and T2 (AT1-T2) was calculated respectively. Patients were divided into survival group and death group according to 21-day prognosis. Binary Logistic regression was used to analyze the effect of the above temperature indices on the prognosis.@*Results@#635 septic shock patients were enrolled in the study. 476 patients were survived and 159 died within 21 days. Compared with the survival group, the age, SOFA score were higher in the death group, while the length of ICU stay was shorter. There was no significant difference in gender or infection source between two groups. After adjusting for gender, age, the length of ICU stay and SOFA score, binary Logistic regression analysis showed that the increase of Tmax, decrease of Tmin, and increase of Tmax-min were risk factors for 21-day mortality [Tmax: odds ratio (OR) = 2.959, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.620-5.398, P < 0.001; Tmin: OR = 0.329, 95%CI was 0.140-0.790, P = 0.012; Tmax-min: OR = 3.258, 95%CI was 1.840-5.471, P < 0.001], while 24 h Tmax, 24 h Tmin and 24 h Tmax-min were not related to prognosis. A < 36.0 ℃ (OR = 1.335, 95%CI was 1.102-1.745, P = 0.014), and A > 38.0 ℃ (OR = 1.041, 95%CI was 1.019-1.077, P = 0.001) showed positive correlation with 21-day mortality. When the T level was set at 38.0-40.0 ℃, for every 1 ℃×hour increase in A > T, the 21-day relative risk of death increased by 4.1%-83.2%.@*Conclusion@#When the body temperature of patients with septic shock is lower than 36.0 ℃, or higher than 38.0 ℃, the 21-day relative risk of death rose with the increase of the magnitude and duration of abnormal body temperature.

13.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1347-1351, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791079

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of abnormal body temperature and the area under temperature curve on the prognosis of patients with septic shock. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted. Patients with septic shock admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Wuxi People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from September 2013 to June 2019 were enrolled. Data were obtained from the hospital case database, including the gender, age, infection source, the length of ICU stay, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, 21-day prognosis; within the first 24 hours and throughout the period in ICU, the maximum temperature (24 h Tmax, Tmax), lowest temperature (24 h Tmin, Tmin), and the temperature range (24 h Tmax-min, Tmax-min) were aggregated. The area under temperature curve when body temperature was higher than T (A > T), or lower than T (A < T), and area section between T1 and T2 (AT1-T2) was calculated respectively. Patients were divided into survival group and death group according to 21-day prognosis. Binary Logistic regression was used to analyze the effect of the above temperature indices on the prognosis. Results 635 septic shock patients were enrolled in the study. 476 patients were survived and 159 died within 21 days. Compared with the survival group, the age, SOFA score were higher in the death group, while the length of ICU stay was shorter. There was no significant difference in gender or infection source between two groups. After adjusting for gender, age, the length of ICU stay and SOFA score, binary Logistic regression analysis showed that the increase of Tmax, decrease of Tmin, and increase of Tmax-min were risk factors for 21-day mortality [Tmax: odds ratio (OR) = 2.959, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.620-5.398, P < 0.001; Tmin: OR = 0.329, 95%CI was 0.140-0.790, P = 0.012; Tmax-min: OR = 3.258, 95%CI was 1.840-5.471, P < 0.001], while 24 h Tmax, 24 h Tmin and 24 h Tmax-min were not related to prognosis. A < 36.0 ℃ (OR = 1.335, 95%CI was 1.102-1.745, P = 0.014), and A > 38.0 ℃ (OR = 1.041, 95%CI was 1.019-1.077, P = 0.001) showed positive correlation with 21-day mortality. When the T level was set at 38.0-40.0 ℃, for every 1 ℃×hour increase in A > T, the 21-day relative risk of death increased by 4.1%-83.2%. Conclusion When the body temperature of patients with septic shock is lower than 36.0 ℃, or higher than 38.0 ℃, the 21-day relative risk of death rose with the increase of the magnitude and duration of abnormal body temperature.

14.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1219-1223, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791055

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of abnormal body temperature and the area under temperature curve on the prognosis of patients with septic shock. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted. Patients with septic shock admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Wuxi People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from September 2013 to June 2019 were enrolled. Data were obtained from the hospital case database, including the gender, age, infection source, the length of ICU stay, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, 21-day prognosis; within the first 24 hours and throughout the period in ICU, the maximum temperature (24 h Tmax, Tmax), lowest temperature (24 h Tmin, Tmin), and the temperature range (24 h Tmax-min, Tmax-min) were aggregated. The area under temperature curve when body temperature was higher than T (A > T), or lower than T (A < T), and area section between T1 and T2 (AT1-T2) was calculated respectively. Patients were divided into survival group and death group according to 21-day prognosis. Binary Logistic regression was used to analyze the effect of the above temperature indices on the prognosis. Results 635 septic shock patients were enrolled in the study. 476 patients were survived and 159 died within 21 days. Compared with the survival group, the age, SOFA score were higher in the death group, while the length of ICU stay was shorter. There was no significant difference in gender or infection source between two groups. After adjusting for gender, age, the length of ICU stay and SOFA score, binary Logistic regression analysis showed that the increase of Tmax, decrease of Tmin, and increase of Tmax-min were risk factors for 21-day mortality [Tmax: odds ratio (OR) = 2.959, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.620-5.398, P < 0.001; Tmin: OR = 0.329, 95%CI was 0.140-0.790, P = 0.012; Tmax-min: OR = 3.258, 95%CI was 1.840-5.471, P < 0.001], while 24 h Tmax, 24 h Tmin and 24 h Tmax-min were not related to prognosis. A < 36.0 ℃ (OR = 1.335, 95%CI was 1.102-1.745, P = 0.014), and A > 38.0 ℃ (OR = 1.041, 95%CI was 1.019-1.077, P = 0.001) showed positive correlation with 21-day mortality. When the T level was set at 38.0-40.0 ℃, for every 1 ℃×hour increase in A > T, the 21-day relative risk of death increased by 4.1%-83.2%. Conclusion When the body temperature of patients with septic shock is lower than 36.0 ℃, or higher than 38.0 ℃, the 21-day relative risk of death rose with the increase of the magnitude and duration of abnormal body temperature.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278698

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects of thalidomide on the ratio of Th17 to Treg cells in peripheral blood and expression of IL-17 and IL-35 in patients with multiple myeloma(MM), so as to provide reference for the clinical treatment of patients with MM.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 82 MM patients treated with thalidomide from January 2014 to December 2016 were enrolled in MM group, 30 healthy subjects were selected as control (control group). The ratio of T cell subsets and Treg cells accounted for CD4T cell were detected by flow cytometer. The levels of IL-17 and IL-35 in serum were measured by ELISA, and the differences of various indexes were compared between 2 groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, the ratio of Th17 cells in peripheral blood and serum levels of IL-17 of MM patients were significantly increased, the ratio of Treg cells and the level of IL-35 were significantly decreased and the ratio of Th17/Treg cells was significantly increased in the patients with multiple myeloma before treatment (P<0.05). The ratio of Th17 cells in peripheral blood and serum levels of IL-17 in patients with multiple myeloma after treatment with thalidomide were significantly lower than those before treatment, and the ratio of Treg cells and levels of IL-35 were significantly higher than those before treatment, and the ratio of Th17 / Treg cells was higher than that before treatment (P<0.05). The indexes in ineffective treatment were not significantly changed (P> 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The unbanlace of Th17/Treg cell ratio and abnormality of IL-17, IL-35 levels play an important role in the progression of multiple myeloma. The anti-MM mechanism of thalidomide may relate with the regulation of Th17 / Treg cell ratio and expression levels of IL-17 and IL-35.</p>

16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 544-552, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341999

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Our previous studies have shown that Tongxinluo (TXL), a compound Chinese medicine, can decrease myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury, protect capillary endothelium function, and lessen cardiac ventricle reconstitution in animal models. The aim of this study was to illuminate whether TXL can improve hypercholesterolemia-impaired heart function by protecting artery endothelial function and increasing microvascular density (MVD) in heart. Furthermore, we will explore the underlying molecular mechanism of TXL cardiovascular protection.</p><p><b>Methods</b>After intragastric administration of TXL (0.1 ml/10 g body weight) to C57BL/6J wild-type mice (n = 8) and ApoE-/- mice (n = 8), total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL)-cholesterol, triglyceride, and blood glucose levels in serum were measured. The parameters of heart rate (HR), left ventricular diastolic end diameter, and left ventricular systolic end diameter were harvested by ultrasonic cardiogram. The left ventricular ejection fraction, stroke volume, cardiac output, and left ventricular fractional shortening were calculated. Meanwhile, aorta peak systolic flow velocity (PSV), end diastolic flow velocity, and mean flow velocity (MFV) were measured. The pulsatility index (PI) and resistant index were calculated in order to evaluate the vascular elasticity and resistance. The endothelium-dependent vasodilatation was evaluated by relaxation of aortic rings in response to acetylcholine. Western blotting and real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction were performed for protein and gene analyses of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Immunohistochemical detection was performed for myocardial CD34 expression. Data in this study were compared by one-way analysis of variance between groups. A value of P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.</p><p><b>Results</b>Although there was no significant decrease of cholesterol level (F = 2.300, P = 0.240), TXL inhibited the level of triglyceride and VLDL (F = 9.209, P = 0.024 and F = 9.786, P = 0.020, respectively) in ApoE-/- mice. TXL improved heart function of ApoE-/- mice owing to the elevations of LVEF, SV, CO, and LVFS (all P < 0.05). TXL enhanced aortic PSV and MFV (F = 10.774, P = 0.024 and F = 11.354, P = 0.020, respectively) and reduced PI of ApoE-/- mice (1.41 ± 0.17 vs. 1.60 ± 0.17; P = 0.037). After incubation with 10 μmol/L acetylcholine, the ApoE-/- mice treated with TXL aortic segment relaxed by 44% ± 3%, significantly higher than control group mice (F = 9.280, P = 0.040). TXL also restrain the angiogenesis of ApoE-/- mice aorta (F = 21.223, P = 0.010). Compared with C57BL/6J mice, the MVD was decreased in heart tissue of untreated ApoE-/- mice (54.0 ± 3.0/mmvs. 75.0 ± 2.0/mm; F = 16.054, P = 0.010). However, TXL could significantly enhance MVD (65.0 ± 5.0/mmvs. 54.0 ± 3.0/mm; F = 11.929, P = 0.020) in treated ApoE-/- mice. In addition, TXL obviously increased the expression of VEGF protein determined by Western blot (F = 20.247, P = 0.004).</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>TXL obviously improves the ApoE-/- mouse heart function from different pathways, including reduces blood fat to lessen atherosclerosis; enhances aortic impulsivity, blood supply capacity, and vessel elasticity; improves endothelium-dependent vasodilatation; restraines angiogenesis of aorta-contained plaque; and enhances MVD of heart. The molecular mechanism of MVD enhancement maybe relate with increased VEGF expression.</p>

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706878

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the expression of PTK7 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and its clinical significance. Methods: The clinical and follow-up data of 85 patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma who underwent radical surgery at Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital from May 2011 to January 2016 were analyzed. The expression of PTK7 in 85 pancreatic cancer tissues and the corresponding para-cancer tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry, and the relationship between PTK7 expression level and the clinical pathological features and prognosis was analyzed. Results: Positive expression of PTK7 was observed mainly in the cytoplasm, presenting as brownish yellow granules. It was noted that expression of PTK7 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tissues and para-carcinoma tissues was 70.6% (60/85) and 52.9% (45/85), respectively, and the positive rate in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tissues was significantly higher than that in para-carcinoma tissues; the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The abnormal expression of PTK7 was correlated with the tumor stage, lymph node metastasis, and the vascular tumor embolus (P<0.05). The survival analysis suggested that the survival time or recurrence-free time of patients with PTK7 high expression in pancreatic duct adenocarcinoma was significantly shorter than in those with low expression (P<0.05, respectively). ShRNA interference of PTK7 was successfully established in the cell stabilizing system, verified by MTT and clone formation. Results indicated that cell survival was significantly lower in the shRNA experimental group compared to the control group (P<0.05), the number of colonies formed was significantly smaller in the shRNA experimental group compared to the control group (P<0.05), and the expression of proliferation-related proteins Ki-67 and PCNA was significantly lower in the shRNA experimental group compared to the control group (P<0.05, respectively). Conclusions: The up-regulation of PTK7 expression in pancreatic ductal ad-enocarcinoma tissues was associated with the tumor stage, lymph node metastasis, and the vascular tumor thrombus, suggesting poor prognosis. It was also found that in pancreatic cancer cell lines, PTK7 could promote the proliferation of pancreatic cancer cells by regulating the levels of proliferative factors Ki-67 and PCNA.

18.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 70-73, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706479

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze predictive value of plane QRS-T angle for postoperative malignant ventricular arrhythmia (MVA) of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) who underwent PCI and the correlation between the predictive value and prognostic effect. Methods: The clinical data of 100 patients with AMI who underwent the treatment of percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI) were researched by using retrospective analysis. All of patients were divided into observation group (24 cases) and control group (76 cases) according to the angle of plane QRS-T after PCI. The plane QRS-T angle of observation group was more than 90°, and it was less than or equal to 90° in control group. The occurrence of MVA and clinical outcome of MVA between the two group were compared. Results: The age of observation group was significantly higher than that of control group (t=3.516, P<0.05). The interval of QTc of observation group was significantly higher than that of control group (t=2.131, P<0.05). And the percentage of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) less than 45%, the occurrence rate of high blood pressure and the occurrence rate of MVA of observation group were significantly higher than those of control group (x2=3.922, x2=3.950, x2=5.942, P<0.05), respectively. The results of multi-factor Logistic regression analysis indicated that the angle of plane QRS-T of patients with AMI after PCI above 90° was the independent risk factor of MVA after PCI (OR=9.640, P<0.05). Conclusion: After the PCI of patients with AMI, the QRS-T angle> 90 ° was an independent risk factor of MVA.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 806-811, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779940

ABSTRACT

In this study, multivariate statistical analysis was applied to characterize the flowability of different types of microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), and the visualization of R language was used to explore the intrinsic correlation on its performances. To verify the operability of multivariate statistical analysis, we compared the results of the conventional methods such as repose angle method, Hausner ratio method, Carr's index method and the parameter a of Kawakita equation to determine whether there are significant differences between the conventional ones and multivariate statistical analysis. Moreover, the fillibility and compressibility were characterized by parameters 1/b of Kawakita equation and the means of pressure-tensile strength and compressibility curve method, respectively. The data was analyzed through R language for visualizing the correlation among the performance parameters of MCC. The flowability of the series of microcrystalline cellulose PH (MCCPH) were superior to the series of microcrystalline cellulose WJ (MCCWJ), the compressibility of MCCPH-302 was optimum, and the flowability and fallibility of MCCPH-102 were better than others. The results of conventional methods were consistent with multivariate statistical analysis. The fillibility was positively correlated with flowability, both negatively correlated with compressibility by analyzing correlation coefficient diagram, which was statistically significant (P<0.01). It is reasonable that adopting multivariate statistical analysis to character the flowability of powders, which is more objective than the traditional approach. The correlation visualization of performance parameters of powders provides convenience for screening preparation material via the visualization of R language.

20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 671-673, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695276

ABSTRACT

·AIM: To investigate the effect of femtosecond laser assistedcataractsurgeryconventional phacoemulsification surgery on corneal endothelial cell morphology and function. ·METHODS: This study included 80 cases of cataract patients (88 sicked eyes) treated in our hospital from January 2016 to January 2017. All patients underwent phacoemulsification combining with intraocular lens implantation for treatment. Based on the review of treatment, 40 cases ( 43 sicked eyes ) receiving femtosecond laser assisted cataract surgery were included into the observation group, 40 cases (45 sicked eyes) receiving conventional phacoemulsification only were divided into the control group. The proportion of patients whose postoperative uncorrected visual acuity >0.5 of the two groups were compared, and sac diameter, capsule size, intraoperative cumulative energy release (CDE) were recorded, the corneal endothelial cell density and variation were recorded before and after operation, the preoperative and postoperative ratio of hexagonal cells were compared between the two groups subsequently. and ·RESULTS: At 1d postoperatively, uncorrected visual acuity >0.5 of the observation group was no significant difference with that of the control group; the ratio was 74% at 6mo after surgery, which was significantly higher than that of the control group(53%),there was statistical significance (P < 0. 05). The diameter of the anterior capsulotomy,the size of the capsule,the grade Ⅱ nuclear CDE, and the grade Ⅲ nuclear CDE of the observation group were sharply different from those of the control group, there was statistical significance (P<0.05). The differences of corneal endothelial cell density and variation, proportion of hexagonal cells before and after surgery of the two groups were significant, and the difference after 6mo between the two groups was huge, there was statistical meaning (P<0.05). · CONCLUSION: Femtosecond laser assisted cataract surgery can reduce the effect of ultrasound energy on cornea,and can sharply decrease the damage to corneal endothelial cell morphology and function.

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