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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905295

ABSTRACT

Home-based rehabilitation can effectively reduce the clinical complications of patients with spinal cord injury and accelerate the recovery of neurological function, as well as reduce the heavy economic burden on healthcare system. Home-based rehabilitation has shown effectiveness in multiple studies. Neurofeedback could relieve the neuropathic pain of 40% home patients with spinal cord injury. Wearable technology could monitor and promote the recovery of hand motor function. Household portable stimulators and surface electrodes could inhibit unnecessary bladder activity and improve urinary incontinence. Strengthening stretching training at home could reduce shoulder pain in patients with chronic spinal cord injury. Using functional electrical stimulation at home could improve the muscle function of patients with spinal cord injury due to loss of neurotrophic muscle atrophy. There are still some disadvantages of home-based rehabilitation, such as complicated operation, expensiveness and not convenient to carry for training equipment, which need to be further developed.

2.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 Sep; 16(5): 1020-1026
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213749

ABSTRACT

Background: There are no standardized treatments for giant cell tumors of the bone (GCTB) in rare locations such as the spine and pelvis or for those that are inoperable and recurrent, let alone for multicentric GCTB. This study reports a novel case of multicentric GCTB treated with a promising antiangiogenic drug, apatinib, a small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor. The efficacy of apatinib in the treatment of GCTB has not been reported previously. Patients and Methods: A 27-year-old female presented with two giant cell tumors of the spine and sacrum–ilium diagnosed on December 15, 2016. Surgery and selective arterial embolization (SAE) were not reasonable options for this patient, and denosumab was unavailable; therefore, the antiangiogenic drug apatinib and the osteoclast inhibitor zoledronic acid were administered. Apatinib was initially administered at a dose of 850 mg daily, which was decreased to 425 mg daily after 7 months, and then increased again to 635 mg after 11 months. The patient was prescribed a maintenance dose of 500 mg daily after 16 months. The patient reported side effects of Grades I–III nausea, vomiting, and Grades II–III hand–foot syndrome. The patient underwent SAE at 26 months, and at that time, she was switched to denosumab instead of zoledronic acid. Results: The patient showed noticeable symptomatic improvement and visibly reduced tumor size after the first month of treatment. Computed tomography in the 4th month identified a partial response based on the RECIST criteria. The patient has achieved an objective reduction in tumor size at 32 months. Conclusions: Comprehensive treatment including apatinib represents a potential new treatment strategy for inoperable GCTB, with tolerable side effects. However, further clinical trials are now necessary to confirm an effective dose and determine the efficacy and safety of apatinib in the treatment of GCTB

3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(5): e9330, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098112

ABSTRACT

The development of chemotherapy resistance significantly impairs the efficiency of chemotherapy, but the underlying mechanisms of chemotherapy resistance in gastric cancer (GC) are complicated and still need to be further explored. Here, we aimed to reveal the effects of miR-4290/PDK1 (pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1) axis on chemotherapy resistance of GC in vitro. The expression patterns of miR-4290 in GC tissues and cell lines were determined by real-time quantitative PCR. Kaplan-Meier was used to assess the relationship between miR-4290 expression levels and patients' overall survival. CCK-8 and flow cytometry technologies were applied to detect cell proliferation and apoptosis. The luciferase gene reporter assay was used to evaluate the interaction between miR-4290 and PDK1. miR-4290 was lowly expressed in GC tissues and cell lines, which was closely associated with the shorter overall survival of GC patients. miR-4290 mimics significantly inhibited cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis, as well as induced a significant reduction in the expression of PDK1. Moreover, miR-4290 significantly inhibited glycolysis and decreased the IC50 value to cisplatin in SGC7901 cells, whereas these effects were abolished and cell apoptosis was promoted when PDK1 was overexpressed. In conclusion, this study revealed that miR-4290 suppressed PDK1-mediated glycolysis to enhance the sensitivity of GC cells to cisplatin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Acetyl-Transferring Kinase/metabolism , Glycolysis/genetics , Transfection , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Flow Cytometry , Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Acetyl-Transferring Kinase/genetics
4.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-211931

ABSTRACT

Currently, the pathogenesis of migraine is unclear. The trigeminal vascular reflex theory is the dominant pathogenesis theory, and its core parts are neurogenic inflammation and pain sensitisation. Calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) is the most powerful vasodilating peptide in brain circulation. It is also a marker of trigeminal nerve microvascular activation that plays a synergistic role in the pathogenesis of migraine. Adenosine A1 receptor (A1R) can inhibit the release of CGRP in the trigeminal nerve vascular system to alleviate migraine by mediating adenosine. This review summarises the progress of research on the alleviation of migraine by using A1R-mediated CGRP.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777251

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the efficacy difference between -needle radiofrequency guided by meridians-muscles theory and oral administration of medication for knee osteoarthritis (KOA).@*METHODS@#One hundred patients with KOA were randomly divided into an acupuncture group and a medication group, 50 cases in each one. The patients in the acupuncture group were treated with -needle radiofrequency guided by meridians-muscles theory at tendon nodes around knee joints ( points), 4 points per treatment, once every two weeks and two treatments were given. The patients in the medication group were treated with oral administration of celecoxib capsules, 1 capsule every day for 4 weeks. The visual analogue scale (VAS) and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) in the two groups were observed before treatment, after treatment and during 4-week follow-up visit. The clinical efficacy was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the VAS was reduced in the two groups after treatment and during 4-week follow-up visit (all <0.05), and the VAS score in the acupuncture group was lower than that in the medication group (both <0.05). Compared before treatment, the pain score, stiffness score, activity function score and total score of WOMAC were reduced in the two groups after treatment and during 4-week follow-up visit (all <0.05), and the scores in the acupuncture group were lower than those in the medication group (all <0.05). After treatment, the total effective rate was 80.0% (40/50) in the acupuncture group, which was superior to 56.0% (28/50) in the medication group (<0.05). During 4-week follow-up visit, the total effective rate was 76.0% (38/50) in the acupuncture group, which was superior to 40.0% (20/50) in the medication group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The efficacy of -needle radiofrequency guided by meridians-muscles theory is superior to oral administration of celecoxib capsules for KOA, which could relieve joint pain and stiffness, improve joint mobility, and has long effective duration.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Knee Joint , Meridians , Needles , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792895

ABSTRACT

@# Objective: To explore the expression of IQGAP1 (Ras GTPase-activating-like protein containing IQ domain) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tissues and cell lines and its effect on the proliferation and invasion of TE-2 cell. Methods: Totally 125 pairs of cancer tissues and para-cancerous tissues from ESCC patients, who underwent surgical resection inAffiliated Tumor Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2015 to December 2016, were included in this study; in addition, ESCC cell lines (TE-2, TE3, ECA109) and normal esophageal epithelial cell line Het-1A were also collected. The expression of IQGAP1 was detected by immunohistochemical staining and its relationship with cliniopathological features was also analyzed. IQGAP1 mRNA and protein expressions in ESCC cell lines were detected by Real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) and Western blotting, respectively. TE-2 cells were transfected with si-IQGAP1 (positive transfection group) and si-CTRL (negative control group) plasmids, and the effects of IQGAP1 silencing on the proliferation and invasion of TE-2 cells were detected by MTT and Transwell assay. The expressions of E-cadherin and Ncadherin were detected by Western blotting. Results: The positive expression rate of IQGAP1 in ESCC tissues was significantly higher than that in para-cancerous tissues (P<0.05), which was closely related to tumor stage and histologic grade (all P<0.05). The mRNAand protein expressions of IQGAP1 in TE-2, TE-3 and ECA109 cells were significantly higher than those in Het-1Acells (all P<0.05).After IQGAP1 was silenced, compared with the negative control group and the blank group, the expression of IQGAP1 mRNAand protein in the positive transfection group significantly decreased (all P<0.05); the proliferation and invasiveness of TE-2 cells significantly decreased (all P<0.05); E-cardherin was up-regulated while N-cardherin was down-regulated (all P<0.05) in the positive interference group. Conclusion: IQGAP1 is highly expressed in ESCC tissues, and si-IQGAP1 can inhibit the proliferation and invasion of TE-2 cells, which plays an important role in the occurrence and development of ESCC.

7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1731-1737, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773028

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1, -DQB1 gene polymorphism and aplastic anemia (AA)of 65 cases in Northern China.@*METHODS@#The high resolution genotyping of HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1, -DQB1 alleles in 65 AA patients and 772 healthy controls was performed with polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific oligonucleotide (PCR-SSO), the relationship between HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1, -DQB1 gene polymorphism and aplastic anemia was analyzed by Pearson Chi-square,Continuity Correction, Two-sided Fisher's Exact Test and Odds Ratio.@*RESULTS@#The HLA-B*1302(10% vs 4.21%), B*3501(7.69% vs 3.89%), DRB1* 0701(10% vs 4.73%), DRB1*0901(19.23% vs 7.58%), DQB1*0202(9.23% vs 3.76%) gene frequency in AA patients was higher than those in health controls, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05), the χ were 9.049, 4.336, 6.838, 20.974 and 8.968, OR ratio was 2.528, 2.061, 2.239, 2.904 and 2.605. However, the HLA-A*3303(1.54% vs 6.93%), DQB1*0302(1.54% vs 6.02%) gene frequency in AA patients was lower than those in healthy controls, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05), the χ was 5.726 and 4.505, the OR ratio were 0.210 and 0.244.@*CONCLUSION@#The polymorphism of HLA-A, -B, -DRB1, -DQB1 alleles is associate with AA in these patient cases, the HLA-B*1302, HLA-B*3501, HLA-DRB1*0701, HLA-DRB1*0901 and HLA-DQB1*0202 may be sensitive genes to AA, while the HLA-A*3303 and HLA-DQB1*0302 may be protective genes on AA.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Anemia, Aplastic , Genetics , China , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , HLA Antigens , Genetics , Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710178

ABSTRACT

AIM To investigate the therapeutic action and mechanism of Shuwei Decoction (Bupleuri Radix,Cyperi Rhizoma,Atractylodis macrocephalae Rhizoma,etc.) on functional dyspepsia (FD) from the perspectives of autophagy and intercellular gap junction pathway through its impact on the expressions of Beclin-1,mTOR,Cx43 protein and mRNA in gastric antrum pyloric smooth muscle cells of FD model rats.METHODS Sixty Wistar rats were randomly divided into control (blank) group,model group,mosapride group (1.37 mg/kg),low,medium and high dose Shuwei Decoction groups (7.67 g/kg,15.34 g/kg,30.68 g/kg,respectively).FD model rats were prepared according to compound etiological modeling method for 21 days.On the first day after modeling,the rats in each group were given the corresponding medicine for intragastric administration once a day for 14 days.Two hours after the last administration,we procured gastric antrum and pyloric tissues from the sacrificed rats.The expressions of Beclin-1,mTOR and Cx43 protein were detected by Western blot,and so were the expressions of Beclin-1,mTOR and Cx43 mRNA by quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR).RESULTS We observed decreased expression of Beclin-1 protein in low,medium and high dose Shuwei Decoction groups (P < 0.01),and an increased expression of Cx43 protein in high dose Shuwei Decoction group (P < 0.05).In medium and high dose Shuwei Decoction groups,decreased expression of Beclin-1 mRNA (P < 0.01),and increased expression of mTOR and Cx43 mRNA (P < 0.01) were detected as well.CONCLUSION Shuwei Decoction can improve FD by suppressing cell autophagy and enhancing the function of gap junction through up-regulating the expression of mTOR mRNA and Cx43 protein and mRNA,and down-regulating the expression of Beclin-1 protein and mRNA.

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 166-170, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705011

ABSTRACT

Ferroptosis is distinct from apoptosis,autophagy,necrosis,cornification and other cell deaths from morphological,biochemical as well as genetic aspects.Ferroptosis plays a critical role in neurological diseases and cancers.Neurological diseases,such as Alzheimer's disease,Parkinson's disease,Huntington's disease,stroke,periventricular leukomalacia and so on,are characterized by multiple etiologies and mechanisms,and are potentially correlated with ferroptosis.Based on the recent researches on ferroptosis and neurological diseases,this review investigates ferroptosis and its role in neurological diseases.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271900

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the efficacy and clinical safety of posaconazoleon primary antifungal prophylaxis against invasive fungal disease (IFD) in patients with stem cell transplantation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>At the start from preconditioning regimen, 45 patients without IFD were administered with posaconazoleon until neutrophils greater than 0.5×10/L, 35 patients treated with micafungin were enrolled in control group. The incidence, risk factors of IFD and side effects of medicines were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the total 80 patients, 13(16%) had IFD within 100 days after allo-HSCT. The overall survival was significantly different between patients with or without IFD by Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis (P<0.05). Out of the 45 cases in posaconazoleon group, IFD occurred in 4 cases (9%). In contrast, the incidence of IFD in control group was 26%(9 out of 35) (P<0.05). The risk factors of IFD and side effects were not significantly different between 2 groups(P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The primary prevention efficancy of IFD by posaconazoleon after allo-HSCT is much better than that of micafungin with well tolerability and satisfactory efficacy.</p>

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2151-2153, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669240

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the correlation between carotid artery disease and fundus arteriosclerosis in patients with cerebral infarction.METHODS:Totally 120 patients with acute cerebral infarction were randomly divided into two groups.The patients were diagnosed with bilateral carotid artery and non-mydriatic fundus camera.Fouty-two patients transient ischaemic attack (TIA) underwent cerebral angiography.The data were recorded for analysis.RESULTS:The degree of fundus arteriosclerosis in patients with cerebral infarction was positively correlated with blood pressure (r=0.361,P=0.015).There was a significant correlation between retinal arteriosclerosis grade and carotid atherosclerosis (r=0.392,P =0.011).The degree of fundus arteriosclerosis was correlated with cerebral arteriolar lesion,higher than it with carotid artery disease (r=0.465,0.392,P=0.037).CONCLUSION:Carotid arteriosclerosis,fundus arteriosclerosis and cerebral arteriolar lesions in patients with cerebral infarction have a significant correlation with hypertension,and fundus arterial examination has important clinical value in judging cerebral arteriosclerosis.

13.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 24-29, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668108

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the early diagnostic value of bronchoalveolar lavage for pulmonary aspergillosis in non-immunocompromised patients. The GM absorbances of recycled bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in different orders were compared, in order to estabilsh a uniform of broncholaveolar lavage in GM test. Methods We mainly focused on the patients (84 cases) confirmed as pulmonary infection by HRCT chest imageological examination from January 2016 to February 2017. They underwent the bronchoalveolar lavage before empirical or pathogenic antifungal therapy. Meanwhile, the lavage was collected in order of the first and the second tube. Then, BALF-GM test was performed. The GM absorbance (A) and I value of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were detected by ELISA method. The GM test result of the first tube of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was included into GM1 group and the GM test result of the second tube of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was included into GM2 group. According to the standards, the patients were divided into case group (proven 2 cases, probable 7 cases, possible 13 cases) and non-IPA group (62 cases). The GM test diagnostic efficiency of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid collected in different orders were statistically analyzed between the case group and control group. Results The GM-I values showed significant difference between GM1 and GM2 groups (Z = -3.98, P = 0.000). the average rank I value of BALF-GM1 (1.78 ± 1.71) was significantly higher than the BALF-GM2. According to the ROC curve, the optimal cut-off of BALF-GM1 was 0.6, the sensitivity was 86.36%, the specificity was 93.55%, the positive predictive value was 82.61% and the negative predictive value was 95.08%. The area under the curve of BALF- GM1 (0.941) was significantly higher than that of BALF-GM2 (0.798), indicating that the diagnostic efficiency of BALF-GM1 was higher. Conclusion The operation sequence of collecting bronchoalveolar lavage could affect the I value of BALF-GM test. The diagnostic efficiency of BALF-GM test result of the first tube of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was higher and had the higher application value in the diagnosis of pulmonary aspergillosis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667826

ABSTRACT

There is a series of digestive problems in cerebral palsy children,such as drooling,swallowing difficulty,gastroesophageal reflux,feeding difficulties and constipation,etc.The rehabilitation for them reported in recent years was discussed in this article.

15.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 665-668, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619943

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical features and treatment between elderly onset rheumatoid arthritis(EORA)and young onset rheumatoid arthritis(YORA).Methods The EORA patients (n=60)and the YORA patients (n =90)were compared regarding sex ratio,activity of pathogenetic condition,disease severity,extra-articular manifestations,complications,laboratory indexes,and therapeutic schedules.Results The female/male ratio was 36/24(1.50 ∶ 1.0)in group EORA,and 69/21(3.3 ∶ 1.0)in group YORA,with higher female/male ratio in in group YORA.The frequency of morning stiffness,proximal interphalangeal joint involvement and metacarpophalangeal joint involvement were lower in group EORA(53.3 %,46.676% and 61.67 %) than in group YORA (72.2 %,77.8 %,81.11%) (x2 =5.521,15.385,6.960,P =0.018,0.000,0.008 respectively).Large joints involvement at onset of rheumatoid arthritis was higher in group EORA(38.33 %)than in group YORA(18.89 %)(x2=6.960,P=0.008).The joint swollen and tender counts were comparatively less (16.51 ± 7.34) and (15.92 ± 8.44) in group EORA than in group YORA(22.46 ± 7.58) and (23.8 ± 8.93) (t =5.080、5.740,all P =0.000) respectively.The accumulated disease activity score(DAS28)was higher in group EORA(5.86± 1.57)than in YORA(4.92± 1.64) (t=3.360,P =0.001).HAQ score was lower in group EORA(0.83 ± 0.85)than in group YORA (1.16±0.91) (t=2.43,P =0.02).Comorbid conditions such as osteoarthritis,osteoporosis,cardiovascular disease and chronic renal insufficiency were more frequent in group EORA (51.7 %,31.7 %,18.3 % and 15.00%)than in group YORA(27.8%,15.6%,5.6% and 4.4%)(x2 =11.722,5.445,6.168,5.067,P=0.001,0.020,0.013,0.024).The positive rate of RF were more higher in YORA(70.00%)than in group EORA (48.33%)(x2 =7.126 P=0.008).The synthetic or biologic traditional DMARDs (disease modifying antirheumatic drugs)were widely used in group YORA(78.9% and 31.1%)than in group EORA(40.0% and 10.0%)(x2 =14.940,9.153,P =0.000,0.002).The more frequently used program with glucocorticoids hormonal therapy was received in group EORA(38.3 %)than in group YORA(20.00 %)(x2 =6.092 P=0.014) Conclusions EORA patients differs from YORA patients in many of ways,including a more balanced gender distribution,atypical presentation at onset of disease,more frequent involvement of large joints,seronegativity in a higher percentage,and less frequent positivity of anti CCP-antibody,which makes diagnosis more difficult in the earlier period.Therapy of EORA with DMARDs should be instituted based on disease activity,if there is no contraindication.

16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1743-1747, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332618

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the safety and effectiveness of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) using tumor-ablative conditioning regiment for patients with refractory/relapsed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 16 patients with refractory/relapsed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma received above-mentioned therapeutic regimen from January 2013 to July 2015 was analyzed retrospectively, and conditioning-related toxicity, engraftment, infection, relapse and survival rate were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No conditioning-related organs' failure and mortality were found. Only 1 patient had not been engrafted, and the engraftment rate was 93.7%. The incidence of serious infection was 31.2%. The median follow-up was 20.5(1-30) months, and 3 patients died, out of them 2 patients died of relapse. Two year overall survival (OS) , disease-free survival (DFS) and relapse rates were 80.2%, 74.5% and 20.6% respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Auto-HSCT using tumor-ablative conditioning regimen is safe and effective for patients with refractory/relapsed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and it possess a certain effect for reducing disease relapse after transplantation.</p>

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239595

ABSTRACT

<p><b>UNLABELLED</b>Obstract: To identify Mycobacteria isolated from AIDS patients and to evaluate the diagnostic value of MBP64 antigen Colloidal Gold Diagnostic Kit in distinguishing Mycobacterium tuberculosis(MTB) and Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 140 Mycobacteria isolates from AIDS patients were collected and identified by using 16SrDNA PCR assay as well as immune colloidal gold technique (MBP64 antigen Colloidal Gold Diagnostic Kit). The sensitivity and specificity of Colloidal Gold method was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>With the results of 16SrDNA PCR assay as gold standard, the sensitivity and specificity of Colloidal Gold method in distinguishing MTB and NTM were 96.00% and 96.84%, respectively. Among 140 samples, 114 were identified by 16SrDNA PCR assay, among which 50 (43.86%) were identified as MTB, and 63 (55.26%) were identified as NTM. The most popular NTM in AIDS patients were Mycobacterium gordonae, Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium kansasii.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>NTM is of high prevalence in AIDS patients, and MBP64 antigen Colloidal Gold Diagnostic Kit can be used as an effective technique in distinguishing NTM and MTB.</p>

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237959

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the efficacy of tendons of minimally invasive therapy (TMIT) combined drug therapy by comparing it with treatment by drug therapy alone on patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 60 KOA patients were assigned to the treatment group and the control group according to random digit table, 30 in each group. Patients in the control group took Hydrochloric Acid Glucosamine Capsule and Celecoxib Capsule. Patients in the treatment group additionally received TMIT. The treatment course for all was 4 weeks. Scores for visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) Osteoarthritis Index were observed and recorded at week 1 and 4 after treatment by acupotomology mirror.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with before treatment, improvement was shown in VAS score, pain and stiffness degrees, activities and functions, and WOMAC scores at week 1 and 4 after treatment in all patients with statistical difference (P < 0.05). Besides, better effect was shown in the treatment group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>TMIT combined drug therapy could relieve KOA patients' pain, stiffness and joint activities, elevate the overall efficacy. TMIT was easily operated with less injury.</p>


Subject(s)
Celecoxib , Drug Therapy, Combination , Methods , Humans , Knee Joint , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Drug Therapy , Pain , Pain Measurement , Tendons , Treatment Outcome
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1056-1061, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274093

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the therapeutic efficacy and side effects of treating patients with myelodysplastic syndrome-RAEB (MDS-RAEB) and with refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) by using decitabine combined with CAG regimen.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 21 patients with MDS-RAEB or refractory AML from July 2011 to July 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. Among 21 patients there were 4 cases of MDS-RAEB and 17 cases of refractory AML; 12 cases were beyond 60 years old; 13 cases had high-risk karyotypes. All the patients received decitabine combined with CAG regimen consisting of decitabine 20 mg/(m(2) · d), d 1-5; aclarubicin 10 mg/d, d 6-13; cytarabine 20 mg/d, d 6-19; G-CSF 300 µg/d, d 6-19.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After 1 cycle of treatment with DCAG regimen, the outcome of 21 patients showed that 8 cases achieved complete remission (42.1%), 8 cases achieved partial remission (42.1%), 2 cases achieved hematologic improvement, 1 cases achieved non-remission and 2 cases died; and the 1 year overall survival rate was 67.5%. The outcome of 12 patients beyond 60 years old showed that 6 cases achieved complete renission (60%, 6/10), and the 1 year overall survival rate was 62.5%. The outcome of 13 patients with high-risk karytype showed that 6 cases achieved complete renission (54.5%, 6/11), and the 1 year overall survival rate was 61.5%. The main adverse event was myelosuppression, and non-hematological toxicity included liver dysfunction and gastrointestinal tract reaction.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Decitabine combined with CAG regimen is effective and safe for treatment of MDS-RAEB and refractory AML patients, which can prolong lives of patiens with refractory hematological diseases.</p>


Subject(s)
Aclarubicin , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Azacitidine , Cytarabine , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Humans , Karyotype , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Pancytopenia , Recurrence , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1053-1057, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302349

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to analyse the clinical efficacy of transplantation of umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSC) combined with haploidentical hematopoietic stem cells (haplo-HSCT) for patients with refractory/relapsed myeloid leukemia. The clinical data of 36 patients received transplantation of UC-MSC combined with haplo-HSCT from January 2007 to June 2013 were summarized retrospectively, the engraftment, GVHD and 2 years-overall survival (OS) were analysed. The results showed that the median times of neutrophil count>0.50×10(9)/L and platelet count>20×10(9)/L were 12.0 days and 14.0 days, respectively. Grade III to IV aGVHD occurred in 5 out of 36 patients (13.8%). cGVHD occurred in 12 out of 32 patients (37.5%) and extensive cGVHD occurred in 2 patients. Additionally, only 3 patients (8.3%) experienced relapse. The 2-year OS rate of patients was 76.9%. It is concluded that the transplantation of UC-MSC combined with haplo-HSCT has good therapeutic efficacy for patients with refractory/relapsed myeloid leukemia, and may be served as a therapeutic method especially for patients with high risk and without well matched donor.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid , Therapeutics , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Homologous , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
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