Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 169
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 276-280, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995381

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical application value of preoperative colonoscopic marking by Nd-Fe-B magnet ring to assist laparoscopy.Methods:A total of 51 patients with colorectal tumor who underwent radical laparoscopy from January 2020 to October 2021 at the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital were recruited. The patients were marked by Nd-Fe-B magnet ring under endoscopy one day before the operation, another magnet ring was sent into the abdominal cavity during the radical laparoscopy through cannula. The two magnet rings were attracted and clung to each other to orient the lesions. The basic information of patients, location of preoperative marks under endoscopy and laparoscopy conditions were recorded.Results:All 51 Nd-Fe-B magnet rings were successfully located to the position of colorectal tumor and fixed. According to the location of the lesions, there were 15 cases of transverse colon, 12 cases of descending colon, 19 cases of sigmoid colon, and 5 cases of upper rectal segment. According to the lesion type, there were 21 cases of colon cancer, 25 cases of polyp carcinomatosis, and 5 cases of laterally spreading tumors with partial carcinomatosis. There were 5 cases with positive margins after endoscopic mucosal resection and 1 case with positive margin after endoscopic submucosal dissection. All lesions were accurately located during the operation. The marking time was 4.1±1.2 min (3-6 min) before the operation and the localization time was 1.5±1.1 min (0.9-5.3 min) during the operation. All magnet rings were removed from the body by laparoscope. The mean distances between the tumor and the cutting edge of the proximal and distal intestinal segments were 5.5 cm and 6.3 cm, respectively. No complications such as colon mucosal injury, bleeding, intestinal perforation or local inflammatory reactions occurred.Conclusion:Nd-Fe-B magnet ring tracer technique for laparoscopic orientation is simple, fast, accurate and safe with no need for additional equipment or apparatus, which is worthy of clinical application.

2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 174-182, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993729

ABSTRACT

The global trends of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infection and disease are both rising. Nontuberculous mycobacterial disease(NTMD) is a worldwide health burden associated with increasing morbidity, mortality, and economic costs. Antibiotic therapy is the mainstay of treatment for NTMD.Mycobacterial pathogens are intrinsically resistant to many available antibiotics, making treatment extremely challenging, especially in immunocompromised individuals and patients with underlying chronic lung conditions. Even with lengthy therapy and the use of a combination of antibiotics, only less than half NTMD patients can achieve clinical treatment success, so it is urgent to develop novel anti-NTM antibiotics. This article reviews the research progress on the medication of nontuberculous mycobacterial diseases.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 584-588, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992752

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of two-way needle suture technique (TNST) in the minimally invasive repair of acute closed Achilles tendon rupture.Methods:From June 2019 to June 2021, 26 patients with acute closed Achilles tendon rupture were treated at Zhengzhou Orthopedic Hospital. They were 20 males and 6 females, with a mean age of 28 (23, 31) years. The rupture end was (4.2±1.3) cm away from the calcaneal insertion, and the interval from injury to operation 4.3 (2.0, 5.0) d. Preoperative MRI examinations revealed in all the patients closed Achilles tendon rupture which was to be repaired by TNST. The operation time, incision length, incidence of complications, ankle dorsiflexion and plantar flexion were recorded. The Arner-Lindholm scoring was used to evaluate the clinical efficacy.Results:The operation time was (20.0±5.0) min and the incision length (2.5±0.4) cm. Postoperatively, all incisions healed by the first stage, with no complications like incision infection, skin edge necrosis, deep vein thrombosis at lower limbs, injury to the sural nerve, or re-rupture of the Achilles tendon. All patients were followed up for (12.0±6.0) months. At the last follow-up, the patients walked normally, their incisions healed well, the continuity of the Achilles tendon was good by palpation, their heel lift was strong, and all their activities were restored to the levels before rupture of the Achilles tendon. The ankle dorsiflexion was 22.6°±3.7° and the plantar flexion 25.3°±3.7°, According to the Arner-Lindholm evaluation, the clinical efficacy was rated as excellent in 25 cases and as good in 1 case, giving an excellent and good rate of 100% (26/26).Conclusion:In the minimally invasive repair of acute closed Achilles tendon rupture, TNST shows the advantages of limited surgical invasion, a low incidence of postoperative complications, and reliable curative effects.

4.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 857-864, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010275

ABSTRACT

Qishen Yiqi Dripping Pills (QSYQ) is a compound of Chinese medicine, which has been used to treat coronary heart disease and cardiac dysfunction. Its natural components include astragaloside IV, flavonoids, danshensu, protocatechualdehyde, salvianolic acid B, salvianolic acid A, ginsenosides Rg1, ginsenosides Rb1, and essential oils, etc. It exerts effects of nourishing qi and promoting blood circulation to relieve pain. In this review, the bioactive components of QSYQ and its effects for treating cardiovascular diseases and possible mechanism were summarized, providing references for further study and clinical application of QSYQ.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ginsenosides/therapeutic use , Cardiovascular Diseases/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Coronary Disease/drug therapy
5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 773-776, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982673

ABSTRACT

Targeted temperature management (TTM) has been partially applied in patients with restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after cardiac arrest (CA). In the 2020 American Heart Association (AHA) cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) guidelines, TTM is used as advanced life support after ROSC for the treatment of patients with CPR. TTM has a protective effect on cardiac function after CA, but the specific mechanism of its protective effect on cardiac function remains unclear. In this paper, the basic experimental progress, clinical trial progress and development prospect of TTM on the protective mechanism of cardiac function after CA are reviewed.


Subject(s)
Humans , United States , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/methods , Temperature , Heart Arrest/therapy , Hypothermia, Induced/methods , Body Temperature
6.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 451-456, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986049

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the present situation and epidemiological characteristics of pesticide poisoning in Chengdu City from 2012 to 2021, and to provide scientific evidence for further prevention and control. Methods: In January 2022, the pesticide poisoning report cards of Chengdu City from 2012 to 2021 were collected from the China Disease Control and Prevention Information System. The data of the report card was reorganized and the distribution characteristics of pesticide poisoning such as time, region, gender, age and pesticide types were analyzed. Results: 14326 cases of pesticide poisoning were reported in Chengdu City from 2012 to 2021, 651 deaths, and the fatality rate was 4.54%. The cases of productive pesticide poisoning and unproductive pesticide poisoning were 504 and 13822, respectively. The fatality rates of productive and unproductive pesticide poisoning were 1.39% and 4.66%, which were significant different (χ(2)=11.99, P=0.001). The highest reported cases of pesticide poisoning was in 2013 (1779) and the lowest in 2021 (1047). The number of reported cases showed a downward trend year by year (t=-12.30, P<0.001), and the fatality rates also showed a downward trend year by year (χ(2)(trend)=25.48, P<0.001). The fluctuation range of unproductive pesticide poisoning cases in each month of the year was small, and the productive pesticide poisoning mainly occurred from May to August. The regions with the largest number of reported poisoning cases were Pengzhou (1620), Jianyang (1393), Jintang (1266) and Qionglai (1158). The high incidence of poisoning was among 25-54 years old (50.21%, 7193/14326). The fatality rate in the age group 75-96 years old was the highest (8.98%, 95/1058), and the fatality rates increased gradually with age (χ(2)(trend)=186.03, P<0.001). The pesticides causing poisoning were mainly insecticide (43.86%, 6284/14326) and herbicides (35.75%, 5121/14326). Herbicides paraquat had the highest fatality rate (9.54%, 286/2998) . Conclusion: Pesticide poisoning in Chengdu City is mainly unproductive poisoning. Health education should be carried out for key areas and people, and the control of highly toxic pesticides such as insecticide and herbicides should be strengthened.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Adult , Middle Aged , Insecticides , Pesticides , Herbicides , Paraquat , Cities , Poisoning/epidemiology
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1372-1382, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978678

ABSTRACT

italic>O-methyltransferases (OMTs) are one of the key tailoring enzymes in the biosynthesis of many natural products, O-methylation can not only reduce the reactivity of natural products, but also alter their solubility, stability and biological activities. Based on the transcriptome data of Ardisia japonica, a full-length cDNA sequence of candidate OMT (termed as AjOMT1) was cloned by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and expressed in Escherichia coli (E. coli) for the first time. In vitro enzyme catalytic activity assay showed that the recombinant AjOMT1 could effectively catalyze quercetin to form O-methylated products. Most importantly, AjOMT1 showed unprecedented substrate promiscuity towards structurally various compounds including flavonoids, stilbenes, coumarins, alkaloids and phenylpropanoids, especially preferring to the compounds with adjacent phenolic hydroxyl groups, and showed regio-selectivity. These results suggested that AjOMT1 could be used as the tool enzyme to conduct O-methylation of different types of compounds to produce diverse active methylated products, and provide a new method for drug discovery, even universal part for synthetic biology of natural products.

8.
World Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (4): 244-246, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972340

ABSTRACT

@#Subdiaphragmatic abscess is the accumulation of pus in the space between the diaphragm and the transverse colon and its mesentery.[1] Subdiaphragmatic abscess is clinically characterized by fever and local pain. Its clinical manifestations are often vague and diverse, and its symptoms and signs together constitute thoracoabdominal syndrome, leading to delayed diagnosis and a high incidence rate and mortality.[2]Subdiaphragmatic abscess is often secondary to acute peritonitis or remote infection with hematogenous dissemination. The bacteriological characteristics of these abscesses include aerobic and facultative bacteria, such as Escherichia coli, group D Enterococcus and Staphylococcus aureus, as well as less common anaerobic organisms, such as Bacteroides.[3] In 1938, Ochsner and DeBakey recognized chest complications of subdiaphragmatic abscesses, including empyema, bronchial fistula, and pericarditis, in their classic review of subdiaphragmatic abscesses. Because of the structural characteristics of the diaphragm, there are fewer complications of diaphragm perforation.[4] Especially now, with the use of antibiotics, these complications have become more rare. Here, we report a case of purulent pericarditis caused by Klebsiella pneumonia, secondary to subdiaphragmatic abscess extending through the diaphragm.

9.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 38(6): e20220398, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521668

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To explore the factors affecting short-term prognosis of circulatory failure patients undergoing venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) treatment. Methods: A total of 136 patients undergoing VA-ECMO were enrolled in this study and subsequently divided into the death group (n=35) and the survival group (n=101) based on whether death occurred during hospitalisation. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) running time, length of intensive care unit stay, length of hospital stay, costs, and ECMO complications were then compared between the two groups. Results: The average age of all patients undergoing ECMO was 47.64±16.78 years (53.2±16.20 years in the death group and 45.713±16.62 years in the survival group) (P=0.022). Patients in the survival group exhibited a clear downward trend in lactic acid value following ECMO treatment compared to those in the death group. Total hospitalisation stay was longer in the survival group (35 days) than in the death group (15.5 days) (P<0.001). In the analysis of ECMO complications, the incidence of neurological complications, renal failure, limb complications, and infection were higher in the death group than in the survival group (P<0.05 for all). Specifically, as a risk factor for patient survival and discharge, the occurrence of infection will lead to increased hospitalisation stays and costs (P<0.05 for both). Conclusion: Complications such as kidney failure and infection are associated with in-hospital death, and ECMO-related complications should be actively prevented to improve the survival rate of VA-ECMO treatment.

10.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1852-1856, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992245

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the urineinterleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), interleukin-33 (IL-33) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN) and their predictive value for disease progression.Methods:110 IgAN patients admitted to Zhuozhou Hospital from January 2018 to October 2021 were selected and divided into IgAN progression group (39 cases) and IgAN non progression group (71 cases) according to the progress of IgAN patients. According to the Oxford Classification Standard System (MEST-C) of IgAN, they were divided into MEST-C≥3 group (42 cases) and MEST-C<3 group (68 cases). According to the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), they were divided into eGFR≥50 ml/(min·1.73 m 2) group (group A, 63 cases) and eGFR<50 ml/(min·1.73 m 2) group (group B, 47 cases). According to the amount of urinary protein, they were divided into urinary protein≥1.5 g/24 h group (66 cases) and urinary protein<1.5 g/24 h group (44 cases). Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors affecting the progression of IgAN. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to analyze the value of urinary IL-6, IL-8, IL-33 and MMP-9 levels in predicting the progression of IgAN. Results:The urinary IL-6, IL-8, IL-33 and MMP-9 levels in IgAN progression group were significantly higher than those in IgAN non progression group, while the serum albumin, eGFR and complement C3 in the IgAN progression group were lower than those in the IgAN non progression group (all P<0.05). The urinary IL-6, IL-8, IL-33 and MMP-9 levels in the MEST-C≥3 group were significantly higher than those in the MEST-C<3 group (all P<0.001). The urinary IL-6, IL-8, IL-33 and MMP-9 levels in the eGFR<50 ml/(min·1.73 m 2) group were significantly higher than those in the eGFR≥50 ml/(min·1.73 m 2) group (all P<0.001). The urinary IL-6, IL-8, IL-33 and MMP-9 in the urinary protein≥1.5 g/24 h group were significantly higher than those in the urinary protein<1.5 g/24 h group (all P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the course of disease, serum albumin, eGFR, urinary protein, IL-6, IL-8, IL-33 and MMP-9 were risk factors affecting the progression of IgAN (all P<0.005). The ROC curve showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of IL-6, IL-8, IL-33 and MMP-9 in predicting the progression of IgAN was 0.956 (95% CI: 0.891-0.998), and the sensitivity and specificity were 98.4% and 86.2%, respectively. Conclusions:The elevated levels of urinary IL-6, IL-8, IL-33 and MMP-9 are closely related to the progress of IgAN, and the combination of these four indicators has a good value in predicting the progress of IgAN.

11.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 33-38, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932191

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features of amoebic enteritis with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients.Methods:The clinical data of patients diagnosed of amoebic enteritis in Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University from April 2011 to October 2019 were collected. They were divided into amoebic enteritis group and amoebic enteritis with AIDS group. The laboratory indexes, pathological examination and colonoscopic appearance of the two groups were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical characteristics of amoeba enteritis with AIDS patient were summarized. Pearson chi-square test, continuous calibration chi-square test, Fisher′s exact test, independent sample t test and Mann-Whitney U test were used for statistical analysis. Results:A total of 53 patients with amoebic enteritis were included, including 31 cases in amoebic enteritis group and 22 cases in amoebic enteritis with AIDS group. The detection rate of amoebic trophozoite in cases feces in amoebic enteritis with AIDS group was lower than that in amebic enteritis group (68.2%(15/22) vs 96.8%(30/31)) with statistical significance ( χ2=6.13, P=0.013). The detection rate of amoebic trophozoite by colonoscopy in amoebic enteritis with AIDS was higher than that in amebic enteritis group (7/15 vs 1/16) with statistical significance (Fisher′s exact test, P=0.015). Amoebic enteritis with AIDS cases had lower levels of red blood cell count ((3.48±0.80)×10 12/L vs (4.11±0.81)×10 12/L), hemoglobin ((102.40±25.74) g/L vs (121.52±22.73) g/L), albumin ((29.07±5.94) g/L vs (35.48±6.92) g/L), CD4 + T-lymphocyte counts (76.00 (26.25, 228.50)/μL vs 514.50 (444.00, 752.25)/μL) than patients with amoebic enteritis, which were all statistically significant ( t=2.80, 2.86, 3.52 and Z=-5.27, respectively, all P<0.050). And amoebic enteritis with AIDS cases had higher level of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (21.00 (12.85, 41.33) U/L vs 13.40 (9.40, 22.40) U/L, Z=-2.32, P=0.020). The results of colonoscopy showed that amoebic enteritis with AIDS cases had higher rate of intestinal mucosa ulcer than amoebic enteritis cases ((11/15 vs 5/16) Fisher′s exact test, P=0.032). Conclusions:Amoebic enteritis with AIDS cases have lower levels of red blood cells, hemoglobin, albumin and CD4 + T-lymphocyte counts and higher levels of ALT. Amoebic enteritis with AIDS cases have higher rate of intestinal mucosa ulcer detected by colonoscopy. Colonoscopy combined with biopsy play an important role in the diagnosis of amoebic enteritis with AIDS patients.

12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 221-225,230, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932047

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the correlation between the occurrence of diabetes mellitus complicated with erectile dysfunction (DMED) and serum fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF21) level, analyze the role of FGF21 in the occurrence of DMED, and explore its predictive and diagnostic value for DMED.Methods:61 male patients with type 2 diabetes in Tai′an Central Hospital from January 2017 to June 2018 were selected as subjects. They were divided into 2 groups: DMED group ( n=30) and type 2 diabetes mellitus group (DM group, n=31). And 32 healthy persons were selected as control group. The general data of all subjects were collected, physical examination, genital examination and blood sampling were carried out for biochemical analysis. The erectile function was measured by International Erectile Function Index-5 (IIEF-5) questionnaire, and serum FGF21 level was detected by automatic biochemical analyzer. The correlation between IIEF-5 score with FGF21 and other indicators were analyzed by Spearman correlation analysis. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to analyze the related risk factors affecting DMED. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the predictive value of FGF21 level for DMED. Results:(1) The serum level of FGF21 in the DMED group, DM group, control group were (112.5±9.2)pg/ml, (103.9±6.2)pg/ml and (91.9±3.9)pg/ml respectively, with significant differences (all P<0.05). (2) Spearman correlation analysis showed that IIEF-5 score was negatively correlated with FGF21, age, smoking, drinking, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA 1c), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), total cholesterol (TC), total glyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), fasting insulin (FINS), homeostasis model insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), and positively correlated with high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and testosterone( all P<0.05). The serum FGF21 level was positively correlated with smoking, drinking, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, HbA 1c, FPG, TC, TG, LDL-C, FINS, HOMA-IR, and negatively correlated with HDL-C and testosterone ( P<0.05). (3) Multiple linear regression analysis showed that FGF21, HbA 1c, HOMA-IR and IIEF-5 were independent risk factors for erectile function (all P<0.05). (4) According to ROC curve, when the optimal cutoff value of FGF21 level was 102.75 pg/ml, the predictive sensitivity and specificity for DMED were 0.867 and 0.714, respectively. Conclusions:Serum FGF21 level is closely related to the occurrence of diabetes mellitus and DMED, which is an independent risk factor of DMED.

13.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 152-160, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957257

ABSTRACT

Drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) has been a serious global public health problem. There is an urgent need in new drug development for drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). Bedaquiline (Bdq) is a new antituberculous drug belonging to the diarylquinoline class that efficiently inhibits the adenosine triphosphate synthase enzyme of MTB, now is one of the core drugs for the treatment of DR-TB. Bdq can significantly improve the negative rate of sputum culture and reduce the mortality with good safety and tolerance, and it can also shorten the course of treatment for patients with tuberculosis and save costs. This article reviews the efficacy, safety, tolerability and treatment-related issues of Bdq-containing regimens for DR-TB.

14.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 516-522, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935895

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effects of pre-sintering heating rate and powder size on dental recycled zirconia. Methods: Recycled zirconia powders were sieved to obtain the large (50 μm<particle diameter≤125 μm) and small (particle diameter≤50 μm) particles, these powders were then formed into green bodies. According to the pre-sintering heating rates, the recycled-zirconia green bodies were divided into 3 groups: group A, pre-sintering heating rate of 2 ℃/min; group B, pre-sintering heating rate of 5 ℃/min; group C, pre-sintering heating rate of 8 ℃/min. The relative density open porosity and machinability of the recycled zirconia pre-sintered bodies were evaluated and compared with the commercial zirconia pre-sintered bodies. Zirconia pre-sintered bodies were then fully sintered according to the manufacturer's instructions. The relative density, open porosity, linear shrinkage and flexural strength of fully sintered zirconia were further compared. The microstructure of fracture surfaces and the crystalline structure were analyzed by scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffractometer, respectively. Results: With the same particle size, the recycled zirconia pre-sintered at different heating rates showed no significant differences in the relative densities, and the open porosities (P>0.05). When the pre-sintering heating rates were 2 ℃/min, 5 ℃/min, and 8 ℃/min, the flexural strengths of the large-particle recycled zirconia were (421.2±54.7), (444.2±70.1) and (427.5±68.4) MPa, the flexural strengths of the small-particle recycled zirconia were (750.1±74.1), (777.2±95.5) and (746.7±73.0) MPa, respectively. The flexural strength of commercial zirconia was (988.4±129.8) MPa. The flexural strengths of the recycled zirconia were significantly lower than that of the commercial zirconia (P<0.05). At the same pre-sintering heating rate, the flexural strengths of the small-particle recycled zirconia were significantly higher than that of the large-particle recycled zirconia (P<0.05). Conclusions: Compared with the large particles, small-particle recycled zirconia powders can effectively improve the properties of recycled zirconia, while the pre-sintering heating rate has no effect on the properties of the recycled zirconia.


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Dental Materials/chemistry , Heating , Materials Testing , Powders , Surface Properties , Yttrium , Zirconium
15.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 203-207, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935600

ABSTRACT

The modern surgical treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease can be traced back to the advent of anterior cervical decompression and fusion.With the emergence of fusion-related complications,different scholars have promoted the gradual transformation of cervical degenerative disc diseases from "fusion fixation" to "non-fusion reconstruction" through in-depth fusion with materials science,engineering mechanics and other disciplines.The innovation of this treatment concept is consistent with the original intention of "structural remodeling,functional reconstruction,maximum repair and reconstruction of the morphology and function of skeletal muscle system" in orthopedic bionic treatment,which is essentially in line with the "bionic alternative therapy" in orthopedic bionic therapy.This paper focuses on the surgical treatment of cervical degenerative disc diseases,reviews the development history of artificial cervical disc replacement,analyzes the evolution from orthopedic biomimetic therapy,and explores a new direction for the design of artificial cervical disc prostheses and the treatment of cervical degenerative disc diseases in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bionics , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Diskectomy , Follow-Up Studies , Intervertebral Disc/surgery , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Total Disc Replacement , Treatment Outcome
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 334-342, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927975

ABSTRACT

Fingerprints of 18 batches of substance benchmark of Shentong Zhuyu Decoction(SZD) were established by UPLC under the following conditions: Waters Sun Fire C_(18) column(3.0 mm×150 mm, 3.5 μm), column temperature of 35 ℃, gradient elution with mobile phase of acetonitrile(A)-0.1% phosphoric acid aqueous solution(B) at the flow rate of 0.4 mL·min~(-1), and detection by wavelength switching. A total of 16 common peaks were identified. The similarities among the fingerprints were calculated by Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine(2012 Edition) and the result showed they were in the range of 0.911-0.988. Based on the 16 common peaks, cluster analysis(CA), principal component analysis(PCA), and partial least square discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) all categorized the 18 batches of samples into two groups(S1, S2, S5-S8, S14, and S17 in one group, and S1, S2, S5-S8, S14, and S17 in another), and 11 most influential components were screened. Five known components with great difference among samples(hydroxysafflor yellow A, ferulic acid, benzoic acid, ecdysone, and ammonium glycyrrhizinate) were determined. The combination of multi-component content determination and fingerprints can reflect the overall cha-racteristics of the primary standards of SZD, which is simple, feasible, reproducible, and stable. This study can serve as a reference for the quality control of the primary standards of SZD.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/standards , Quality Control
17.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1059-1063, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924776

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influencing factors for direct-acting antiviral agent (DAA) therapy failure in the treatment of hepatitis C by comparing baseline clinical data and resistance-associated substitution (RAS) in sequencing data between the patients with HCV RNA reactivation after DAA therapy and the patients with successful DAA treatment. Methods A total of 13 patients from multiple centers who failed DAA therapy from November 2019 to October 2021 were enrolled as treatment failure group, and sequencing was performed for their positive serum samples. A total of 51 patients with successful DAA treatment were enrolled as control group, and baseline clinical data and sequencing results were compared between the treatment failure group and the control group. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups; univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to calculate odds ratio ( OR ) and investigate the influencing factors for treatment failure. Results All 12 patients with complete treatment data experienced recurrence within 1 year after the end of medication. The male patients with treatment failure had significantly higher baseline total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, and creatinine than their female counterparts ( Z =-2.517, -2.440, and -2.132, P =0.010, 0.010, and 0.038), and the patients with an age of ≤55 years ( OR =5.152, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 1.116-23.790, P =0.036) or genotype 3b ( OR =9.726, 95% CI : 1.325-71.398, P =0.025) had a higher probability of treatment failure. There were differences in the incidence rates of major RAS mutations on three gene fragments between the treatment failure group and the treatment success group, and the common RAS mutations detected in the treatment failure group were not detected in the treatment success group. Conclusion Age, genotype, and RAS in serum virus gene sequence are influencing factors for DAA treatment failure.

18.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 1510-1519, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015848

ABSTRACT

Wound healing is an important physiological process as well as one of the problems to be solved in clinical medicine. Plant-derived exosomes are green, safe and efficient, and are expected to provide a new solution for wound healing. In this paper, ginseng exosomes were extracted and purified by hypervelocity centrifugation, and were identified to be consistent with the microscopic identification characteristics of exosomes. Fluorescence dye was used to label exosomes, which showed that exosomes could be ingested by skin cells. CCK-8 methods indicated that ginseng exosomes could promote the proliferation of skin cells at 24 h and 48 h (P<0. 05). Panax ginseng exosomes detected by real-time quantitative PCR increased the transcription levels of human collagen type 1 琢1 chain (COL1A1) and fibronectin-1 (human fibronecin-1) genes in skin cells (P<0. 05).Western blotting analysis showed that ginseng exosomes could increase the protein levels of TGF-β1 (transforming growth factor-β Ⅰ), Vimentin and Ki67 in skin cells (P<0. 05). The skin injury experiment in mice confirmed that ginseng exosomes could accelerate recovery after skin injury. Moreover, the inflammatory cytokines such as nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), INOS (nitric oxide synthase) and cycoxidase (COX-2) could be decreased (P < 0. 05). In this study, ginseng exosomes were successfully extracted and purified by hypervelocity centrifugation combined with density gradient centrifugation, which suggested that ginseng exosomes can regulate the skin cell cycle, activate the TGF-β pathway, promote the proliferation of skin cells, accelerate the recovery of damaged skin, and reduce the level of inflammatory factors.

19.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 706-711, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015402

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of histone deacetylase 3 ( HDAC3 ) inhibitor (HDAC3I) in hypoxia-reoxygenation( H/R) injury of PC12 cells. Methods H/R cell injury model was established by using PC 12 cells for 4 hours hypoxia and then reoxygenation for 24 hours. HDAC3I treatment group was pretreated with RGFP966 for 1 hour and then subjected to hypoxia-reoxygenation injury. The experiment was divided into three groups: normal control group, model group and HDAC3I treatment group, and 3 repetitions for each group. Cell viability was determined using MTT. Cellulose dehydrogenase (LDH) was detected by colorimetry. Flow cytometry was used to detect apoptosis and intracellular reactive oxygen species ( ROS ), respectively. The activity of superoxide dismutase ( SOD ) was determined by xanthine oxidase method. The malondialdehyde ( MDA ) content was determined by the thiobarbituric acid method. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of Bax, Bcl-2, cleaved-Caspase-3 and HDAC3 proteins. Results Compared with the control group, the cell viability of the model group and HDAC3I treatment group decreased significantly (P<0. 05), and the cell LDH (P<0. 05) and apoptosis (P<0. 05) increased significantly. The cell viability of HDAC3I treatment group was significantly higher than that of the model group (P<0. 05), while the LDH (P<0. 05) and apoptosis of HDAC3I treatment group were lower than the model group (P<0. 05). In addition, compared with the control group, the ROS and MDA (P< 0. 05 ) of the model group and the HDAC3I treatment group increased significantly, and the SOD decreased significantly (P<0. 05). ROS and MDA in the HDAC3I treatment group (P<0. 05) were significantly lower than the model group, while the SOD level was higher than the model group (P< 0. 05). Western blotting analysis showed that compared with the control group, Bax and cleaved-Caspase-3 in the model group and HDAC3I treatment group increased significantly, and Bcl-2 decreased significantly (P<0. 05). The Bax and cleaved-Caspase-3 in the HDAC3I treatment group were significantly lower than the model group, and Bcl-2 was significantly higher than the model group (P<0. 05). Compared with the control group, the expression of HDAC3 protein in the model group increased significantly (P<0. 05), while the HDAC3 protein in the HDAC3I treatment group decreased significantly (P<0. 05). Conclusion HDAC3I reduces PC 12 cell apoptosis induced by hypoxia/reoxygenation by reducing oxidative stress.

20.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 392-398, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910899

ABSTRACT

Tuberculous meningitis is the most common and serious type of central nervous system tuberculosis, with high mortality and disability rate, which has attracted extensive attention of global public health. The high mortality rate and disability rate of tuberculosis meningitis may be related to its lack of specific clinical and imaging characteristics, insufficient attention from clinicians, lack of early sensitive and specific diagnostic testing techniques, delay in treatment, and restricted penetration of anti-TB drugs into the blood-brain barrier or/and MDR-TB, etc. This article reviews the disease burden of TBM, chemotherapy drugs and regimens, anti-inflammatory agents, aspirin, interventional and surgical treatment to provide reference for clinical management of this disease.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL