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Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 010-010, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787572


Objective@#To investigate the initial HRCT manifestations and clinical features of imported novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) in Guangzhou.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis of 91 NCP patients admitted to the Guangzhou Eighth People’s Hospital from January 22 to 30, 2020 was performed including 39 males and 52 females, with a median age of 50 (33-62) years, then their clinical features and HRCT characteristics were analyzed.@*Results@#The main clinical presentations included fever in 70 cases and cough in 57 cases(mainly dry coughin39 cases). The first time HRCT showed that 24 cases with NCP were normal, however other 67 cases were abnormal. The ground glass opacity in the lung on HRCT was found in 65 cases, including 64 cases with dilated blood vessel crossing the lesion, 50 cases with thickened adjacent pleura, and 47 cases with thickening of interstitial septum. The patchy opacity was seen in 42 cases, and no enlarged lymph nodes were observed in all patients. As for the lesion distribution, there were two cases with bilateral diffuse changes, 57 cases with multiple lesions, 8 cases with the lesion in only one lobe. The lesions were mainly located under the pleura area in 46 cases, including 39 cases in the lower lobe and other 7 cases in the upper lobe. And there were 13 cases without characteristic distribution in the lung.@*Conclusions@#The initial images of NCP in Guangzhou mainly showed multiple ground glass opacity, which were mostly seen in the subpleural and lower lung fields, most of them with thickened pulmonary interstitium. Guangzhou has a higher proportion of NCP patients with mild and general patients, and some confirmed patients show negative HRCT for the first time. Patients without HRCT changes should be reviewed in a timely manner.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478562


Objective To observe the regularities of distribution of TCM syndrome types and correlation between TCM syndrome types and cardiovascular prognosis risk factors of elderly hypertensive patients in three different urban and rural communities.Methods Totally 299 elderly hypertensive patients who conformed to the hypertensive diagnostic criteria from 896 respondents which participated in the health monitoring questionnaire drafted by health management team of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences were screened. The syndrome types were differentiated according to Guiding Principle of Clinical Research on New Drugs of Traditional Chinese Medicine (for Trial Implementation). The levels of some risk indicators, such as blood glucose, blood lipid, CREA, ET, Hcy and mALB were measured by radioimmunoassay, enzymatic cycling assay and other methods. Age, gender, BMI and pulse pressure were recorded.Results The TCM syndrome types of 299 elderly hypertensive patients were deficiency of yin and yang type (74 cases), hyperactivity of yang due to yin deficiency type (65 cases), blood stasis syndrome type (62 cases), stagnation of phlegm-dampness type (61 cases), hyperactivity of liver-fire type (37 cases). Single factor analysis showed that there existed statistical significance among BMI, FBG, GHbA1c, CREA, TC, LDL-C, ET, Hcy and mALB in the 5 TCM syndromes (P<0.05,P<0.01), and the statistical significance was more apparent in the stagnation of phlegm-dampness type, blood stasis syndrome type and hyperactivity of yang due to yin deficiency type. Discriminant analysis showed BMI and Hcy have certain reference value for the diagnosis of TCM syndrome types in elderly hypertensive patients. Binary-Logistic regression analysis showed that the course of disease had a positive correlation with syndrome of deficiency of yin and yang.Conclusion Compared with other types of elderly hepertensive patients, stagnation of phlegm-dampness type and blood stasis syndrome type are more closely related to hypertension cardiovascular prognosis risk factors.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441437


Objective To analyze the compatibility laws of homologous Chinese medicine of medicine and food in prevention and treatment of Alzheimer disease (AD). Methods We screened the clinical literature for the treatment of AD during 1988-2012 in TCM Clinical Diagnosis and Treatment Database, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang database. The nature, flavor, channel tropism, high frequency drug pair and compatibility laws of Chinese medicine and homologous Chinese medicine of medicine and food in prevention and treatment of AD were analyzed by frequency statistics and association rules. Results Two hundred and twenty-two clinical literatures were included. The top five frequently-used homologous Chinese medicines of medicine and food were Poria, Fructus Lycii, Fructus Alpiniae Oxyphyllae, Semen Persicae, and Rhizoma Dioscoreae. The top five frequently-used medicine were Rhizoma Acori Tatarinowii, Radix Polygalae, Rhizoma Ligustici Chuanxiong, Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, and Radix Angelicae Sinensis. The top five frequently-used drug pairs of homologous Chinese medicine of medicine and food were Rhizoma Dioscoreae→Poria, Poria→Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae, Rhizoma Dioscoreae→Fructus Lycii, Fructus Lycii→Fructus Alpiniae Oxyphyllae, and Fructus Lycii→Poria. The top five frequently-used drug pairs were Rhizoma Acori Tatarinowii→Radix Polygalae, Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae→Rhizoma Acori Tatarinowii, Rhizoma Ligustici Chuanxiong→Rhizoma Acori Tatarinowii, Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae→Rhizoma Ligustici Chuanxiong, and Rhizoma Acori Tatarinowii→Radix Astragali Seu Hedysari. Conclusion The commonly used homologous Chinese medicine of medicine and food in preventing and treating AD are tonic herbs with mild nature.