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1.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e300-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001245

ABSTRACT

Background@#The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of vanishing twin (VT) on maternal serum marker concentrations and nuchal translucency (NT). @*Methods@#This is a secondary analysis of a multicenter prospective cohort study in 12 institutions. Serum concentrations of pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A in the first trimester and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), total human chorionic gonadotrophin, unconjugated estriol, and inhibin A in the second trimester were measured, and NT was measured between 10 and 14 weeks of gestation. @*Results@#Among 6,793 pregnant women, 5,381 women were measured for serum markers in the first or second trimester, including 65 cases in the VT group and 5,316 cases in the normal singleton group. The cases in the VT group had a higher median multiple of the median value of AFP and inhibin A than the normal singleton group. The values of other serum markers and NT were not different between the two groups. After the permutation test with adjustment,AFP and inhibin A remained significant differences. The frequency of abnormally increased AFP was also higher in the VT group than in the normal singleton group. @*Conclusion@#VT can be considered as an adjustment factor for risk assessment in the secondtrimester serum screening test.

2.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e254-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001060

ABSTRACT

Background@#Fractional flow reserve (FFR) based on computed tomography (CT) has been shown to better identify ischemia-causing coronary stenosis. However, this current technology requires high computational power, which inhibits its widespread implementation in clinical practice. This prospective, multicenter study aimed at validating the diagnostic performance of a novel simple CT based fractional flow reserve (CT-FFR) calculation method in patients with coronary artery disease. @*Methods@#Patients who underwent coronary CT angiography (CCTA) within 90 days and invasive coronary angiography (ICA) were prospectively enrolled. A hemodynamically significant lesion was defined as an FFR ≤ 0.80, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was the primary measure. After the planned analysis for the initial algorithm A, we performed another set of exploratory analyses for an improved algorithm B. @*Results@#Of 184 patients who agreed to participate in the study, 151 were finally analyzed.Hemodynamically significant lesions were observed in 79 patients (52.3%). The AUC was 0.71 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.63–0.80) for CCTA, 0.65 (95% CI, 0.56–0.74) for CT-FFR algorithm A (P = 0.866), and 0.78 (95% CI, 0.70–0.86) for algorithm B (P = 0.112). Diagnostic accuracy was 0.63 (0.55–0.71) for CCTA alone, 0.66 (0.58–0.74) for algorithm A, and 0.76 (0.68–0.82) for algorithm B. @*Conclusion@#This study suggests the feasibility of automated CT-FFR, which can be performed on-site within several hours. However, the diagnostic performance of the current algorithm does not meet the a priori criteria for superiority. Future research is required to improve the accuracy.

3.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 28-33, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977282

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants exhibit immature thermoregulation and are easily exposed to hypothermia. We investigated the association between hypothermia on admission with short- and long-term outcomes. @*Methods@#Medical records of ELBW infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary medical center between June 2012 and February 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Upon admission, the axillary body temperature was measured. Moderate hypothermia was defined as admission temperature below 36 ℃. @*Results@#A total of 208 infants with gestational age of 26.4±2.3 weeks and birth weight of 746.7±154.9 g were included. Admission temperature ranged from 33.5 to 36.8 ℃ (median 36.1 ℃). Univariate analyses of maternal and infant characteristics were performed for moderately hypothermic and control (normothermic to mildly hypothermic) infants. Lower gestational age, lower birth weight, and vaginal delivery correlated with moderate hypothermia. Logistic regression analyses adjusted for confounders revealed that the incidence of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) was associated with moderate hypothermia in ELBW infants. Moreover, abnormal mental developmental index scores on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development II at a corrected age of 18 to 24 months were associated with moderate hypothermia, but not with the psychomotor developmental index, incidence of blindness, deafness, or cerebral palsy. @*Conclusion@#Moderate hypothermia at admission is not only correlated with short-term neonatal morbidities such as hsPDA, but may also be associated with long-term neurodevelopmental impairment in ELBW infants. Future large-scale studies are required to clarify the long-term consequences of hypothermia upon admission.

4.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 34-41, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977281

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We investigated the effects of early postnatal administration of erythropoietin (EPO) on neurodevelopmental outcomes and morbidities in preterm infants with severe grades of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of preterm infants of gestational age 23+0 weeks to 31+6 weeks, who were diagnosed with severe grades of IVH and received EPO over at least 2 weeks. We compared clinical characteristics, major complications, and neurodevelopmental impairment between the two groups. The primary outcome was severe neurodevelopmental impairment at 18 to 26 months of corrected age. Severe neurodevelopmental impairment was defined as a mental developmental index or psychomotor developmental index of <70 on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development II or diagnosis of cerebral palsy. @*Results@#The study included 33 preterm infants (mean gestational age 25.2±1.6 weeks and mean birth weight 775.1±224.5 g). EPO was administered at a dose of 400 or 1,000 IU/kg thrice weekly and was maintained over a mean period of 58.6± 25.9 days beginning from 10.7±6.9 days after birth. We observed no difference in perinatal characteristics between the EPO (n=14) and the control group (n=19). Similarly, severe neurodevelopmental impairment rates did not differ between the EPO (85.7%) and control groups (78.9%). The incidence of neonatal morbidities including bronchopulmonary dysplasia, necrotizing enterocolitis, and retinopathy of prematurity was also similar between the EPO and control groups. @*Conclusion@#Early administration of EPO did not reduce the risk of severe neurodevelopmental impairment in preterm infants with severe IVH.

5.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 735-743, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939379

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We assessed prenatal detection rates of congenital heart disease (CHD) and associations between maternal serum biomarkers and non-chromosomal CHD in singleton pregnancies. @*Materials and Methods@#This study was conducted as a secondary analysis of data obtained during a multicenter prospective cohort study that investigated the cost-effectiveness of prenatal testing for fetal aneuploidy. We analyzed the prenatal detection rate and accuracy for CHD screening via ultrasound during the second trimester, as well as associations between serum biomarkers and CHDs, in singleton newborns without chromosomal abnormalities. @*Results@#Among 6715 women, 142 (2.1%) newborns were born with CHDs, of which 67 (1.0%) newborns had major CHDs. The prenatal detection rate for all CHDs and major CHDs were 34.5% and 58.2%, respectively. After excluding isolated ventricular septal defects, the detection rate for critical CHDs was 85.9%. Women with low pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) (<0.4 multiples of the median, MOM) face increased risks of non-chromosomal CHDs [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2.76; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.36–5.13] and major CHDs (aOR 7.30; 95% CI 3.18–15.59), compared to those without CHDs. A higher inhibin A level (≥2.5 MOM; aOR 4.84; 95% CI 1.42–12.46) was associated with non-chromosomal major CHDs. @*Conclusion@#Ultrasonography performed during the second trimester by obstetricians detected over 85% of critical CHDs. Low maternal serum PAPP-A or high inhibin-A was associated with non-chromosomal CHDs. These results may contribute to an improvement in prenatal diagnosis of CHDs.

6.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 271-279, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918220

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the clinical and radiologic findings between perforated and non-perforated choledochal cysts in children. @*Materials and Methods@#Fourteen patients (mean age ± standard deviation, 1.7 ± 1.2 years) with perforated choledochal cysts (perforated group) and 204 patients (3.6 ± 3.8 years) with non-perforated choledochal cysts (non-perforated group) were included between 2000 and 2019. All patients underwent choledochal cyst excision after ultrasound, CT, or MR cholangiopancreatography. Relevant data including demographics, clinical symptoms, laboratory findings, imaging findings, and outcomes were analyzed. Statistical differences were compared using the Mann-Whitney U test and Fisher’s exact test. @*Results@#Choledochal cyst perforation occurred only in children under the age of 4 years. Acute symptoms, including fever (p < 0.001), were more common in the perforated group than in the non-perforated group. High levels of white blood cells (p = 0.004), C-reactive protein (p < 0.001), and serum amylase (p = 0.002), and low levels of albumin (p < 0.001) were significantly associated with the perforated group. All 14 patients with perforated choledochal cysts had ascites, whereas only 16% (33/204) of patients in the non-perforated group had ascites (p < 0.001). In the subgroup of patients who had ascites, a large amount of ascites (p = 0.001), increase in the amount of ascites in a short time (p < 0.001), complex ascites (p < 0.001), and perihepatic pseudocysts (p < 0.001) were more common in the perforated group than in the non-perforated group. @*Conclusion@#Children with perforated choledochal cysts have characteristic clinical and radiologic findings compared to those with non-perforated choledochal cysts. In young children with choledochal cysts, perforation should be differentiated in cases with acute symptoms, laboratory abnormalities, and characteristic ascites findings.

7.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 172-175, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926297

ABSTRACT

Capecitabine, a precursor of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), is a well-tolerated and safe chemotherapy that has been used to treat breast, pancreatic, and colorectal cancers. Albeit rare, both 5-FU and capecitbine have been reported to be associated with acute central nervous system toxicity, including cerebellar dysfunction, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, and transient leukoencephalopathies. Here we present a case of 32-year-old female, demonstrating transient mutism related to capecitabine induced acute toxic leukoencephalopathy.

8.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 565-572, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967872

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Bacteremia is a common cause of increased morbidity and mortality in elderly patients, but early diagnosis and identification are complex. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte count ratio (NLR) is suggested as a useful indicator for diagnosing bloodstream infections. This study evaluated whether the NLR at admission is associated with bloodstream infections in older patients admitted to the emergency department. @*Methods@#A retrospective, multicenter analysis was performed on patients admitted to the emergency department from November 2016 to February 2017. We included patients aged 65 years and older who visited the emergency department with medical problems. Baseline NLR values were measured upon admission to the emergency department. The primary outcome was a positive blood culture. @*Results@#A total of 1,815 patients were included in this study. The median age was 77.25±7.38 years, and bacteremia was identified in 290 older patients (15.9%). The NLR was significantly higher in the bacteremia group (15.95±22.03) than in the non-bacteremia group (8.76±8.74, P<0.001). In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, the NLR was associated with bacteremia after adjusting for confounding factors as continuous variables (odds ratio [OR], 1.033; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.009-1.057) and categorical variables (NLR ≥10; OR, 2.018; 95% CI, 1.246-3.268). The area under the curve of the NLR was determined to be 0.667 (95% CI, 0.639-0.694). @*Conclusion@#These results indicate that the NLR at admission to the emergency department is associated with bloodstream infections. Early suspicion of bacteremia, by determining the initial NLR value, will help treat bacteremia in elderly patients.

9.
Asian Oncology Nursing ; : 245-254, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966345

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to investigate the levels of adolescence parentification and identify its influence on adulthood depression in children of women with breast cancer. @*Methods@#This study used a cross-sectional online survey. Data were collected from an online community comprising Korean women with breast cancer and their families. A total of 217 adult children of women with breast cancer completed the online questionnaire. Measurements included the Korean version of the Filial Responsibility ScaleAdult (FRS-A), Korean version of Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Inventory, Korean version of the Resilience Scale (RS14), and the Korean version of Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale. @*Results@#The mean score for FRS-A was 2.27 out of 4 points. Adolescence parentification was significantly negatively correlated with adulthood self-esteem (r=-.74, p<.001) and resilience (r=-.72, p<.001), and significantly positively correlated with adulthood depression (r=.76, p<.001). Multiple regression analysis revealed that adolescence parentification was a significant factor associated with adulthood depression after adjusting for general characteristics, self-esteem, and resilience. @*Conclusion@#Our finding suggests that parentification can be stressful for adolescents living with a parent with cancer. Hence, a greater awareness regarding parentification is needed to prevent adolescents from developing depression in their adulthood.

10.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 26-29, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875040

ABSTRACT

Baclofen, a gamma-aminobutyric acid B agonist, is frequently used in the treatment of various neurologic diseases including spasticity, dystonia and trigeminal neuralgia. This drug usually acts at the presynaptic motor neuron to induce an antispastic response. Oral baclofen toxicity is extremely rare, but is often reported to affect patients with renal disease. Here, we report a patient with chronic kidney disease who was treated with relatively low doses of baclofen (5 mg twice per day) and experienced nonconvulsive status epilepticus.

11.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 214-220, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874172

ABSTRACT

The correct identification of filamentous fungi is challenging. We evaluated the performance of the VITEK MS v3.0 system (bioMérieux, Marcy-l’Étoile, France) for the identification of a wide spectrum of clinically relevant filamentous fungi using a Korean collection. Strains that were added to the upgraded v3.2 database were additionally identified by the VITEK MS v3.2 system. Of the 105 tested isolates, including 37 Aspergillus (nine species), 41 dermatophytes (seven species), and 27 other molds (17 species), 43 (41.0%) showed “no identification” or “multiple species identification” results at the initial VITEK MS testing; these isolates were retested using the same method. Compared with sequence-based identification, the correct identification rate using VITEK MS for Aspergillus, dermatophytes, other molds, and total mold isolates was 67.6%, 56.1%, 48.1%, and 58.1% at the initial testing and 94.6%, 78.0%, 55.6%, and 78.1% with retesting, respectively. Following retesting, 19 (18.1%) and two (1.9%) isolates showed “no identification” and “misidentification” results, respectively. VITEK MS reliably identified various filamentous fungi recovered in Korea, with a very low rate of misidentification

12.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 221-224, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874171

ABSTRACT

Stool examination is the gold standard for the detection of intestinal parasites. We assessed the performance of a newly developed AVE-562 analyzer (AVE Science & Technology Co., Hunan, China) for the vision-based detection of eggs of Clonorchis sinensis—the most common intestinal parasite in Korea—in stool samples. In total, 30 stool samples with a high or low egg count or without eggs (as negative control samples) (N = 10 each) were prepared and analyzed. The performance of the AVE-562 analyzer was compared with that of the formalin-ether concentration (FEC) method. The overall correct identification rate of the AVE-562 analyzer based on FEC results was 66.6%. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of the AVE-562 analyzer for detecting C. sinensis eggs were 36.4%, 100.0%, 100.0%, and 73.1%, respectively. The average time required to run five tests simultaneously was 27 min using the AVE-562 analyzer and 58 min using the FEC method. Although the AVE-562 analyzer enables rapid and convenient stool examination, its sensitivity needs to be improved, particularly considering the prevalence of low-burden C. sinensis infection in Korea.

13.
Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing ; (3): 24-41, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899649

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#: The aim of this integrative review was to describe communication experiences and needs among the critically ill with an artificial airway and evaluate relevant intervention studies. @*Methods@#: Using the method employed by Whittemore and Knafl (2005), we searched for papers on PubMed, CINAHL, and Web of Science published from January 1, 2015 to September 25, 2020. A total of 26 papers (11 descriptive studies, 15 experimental ones) were identified and evaluated. @*Results@#: Communication experiences while having an artificial airway, identified either by patients’ recall or direct observation, were predominantly negative. However, positive experiences were reported in patients with improvements in physical conditions and functions. Patients’ communication needs were diverse, encompassing physical, psycho-emotional, social, spiritual, and medical issues. Interventions tested included alternative and augmentative communication strategies, communication intervention packages, and voice restorative devices. Physical, psychosocial, and communication-related patient outcomes were evaluated using various methods including self-report surveys, interviews, and observations. @*Conclusions@#: The findings from this review represent the state of science regarding communication of the critically ill whose vocal abilities are inhibited by the presence of an artificial airway. Future studies with rigorous experimental designs and measures are warranted to better understand and support the complex needs of this highly vulnerable patient population.

14.
Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing ; (3): 24-41, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891945

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#: The aim of this integrative review was to describe communication experiences and needs among the critically ill with an artificial airway and evaluate relevant intervention studies. @*Methods@#: Using the method employed by Whittemore and Knafl (2005), we searched for papers on PubMed, CINAHL, and Web of Science published from January 1, 2015 to September 25, 2020. A total of 26 papers (11 descriptive studies, 15 experimental ones) were identified and evaluated. @*Results@#: Communication experiences while having an artificial airway, identified either by patients’ recall or direct observation, were predominantly negative. However, positive experiences were reported in patients with improvements in physical conditions and functions. Patients’ communication needs were diverse, encompassing physical, psycho-emotional, social, spiritual, and medical issues. Interventions tested included alternative and augmentative communication strategies, communication intervention packages, and voice restorative devices. Physical, psychosocial, and communication-related patient outcomes were evaluated using various methods including self-report surveys, interviews, and observations. @*Conclusions@#: The findings from this review represent the state of science regarding communication of the critically ill whose vocal abilities are inhibited by the presence of an artificial airway. Future studies with rigorous experimental designs and measures are warranted to better understand and support the complex needs of this highly vulnerable patient population.

15.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e281-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915466

ABSTRACT

Background@#People are generally considered overweight and obese if their body mass index (BMI) is above 25 kg/m 2 and 30.0 kg/m 2 , respectively. The World Health Organization proposed stricter criteria for Asians (≥ 23 kg/m2 : overweight, ≥ 25 kg/m2 : obese). We aimed to verify whether this criteria could predict adverse pregnancy outcomes in Korean women. @*Methods@#We included 7,547 Korean women from 12 institutions enrolled between June 2016 and October 2018. Women with no pre-pregnancy BMI data, not Korean, or lost to followup were excluded, leaving 6,331. The subjects were categorized into underweight, normal, overweight, class I obesity, and class II/III obesity based on a pre-pregnancy BMI of < 18.5, 18.5–22.9, 23.0–24.9, 25.0–29.9, and ≥ 30.0 kg/m2 , respectively. @*Results@#Overall, 13.4%, 63.0%, 11.8%, 9.1%, and 2.6% of women were underweight, normal, and overweight and had class I obesity and class II/III obesity, respectively. In the multivariable analysis adjusted for maternal age, a higher BMI significantly increased the risk of preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, preterm delivery caused by maternal-fetal indications, cesarean section, large for gestational age, and neonatal intensive care unit admission. @*Conclusion@#Adverse pregnancy outcomes started to increase in those with a pre-pregnancy BMI ≥ 23.0 kg/m2 after adjusting for maternal age. The modified obesity criteria could help predict adverse pregnancy outcomes in Koreans.

16.
Journal of Genetic Medicine ; : 11-15, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835780

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The objective of this study was to analyze the results of several noninvasive prenatal tests (NIPTs) from a single center and confirm their efficacy and reliability. In addition, we aimed to confirm the changes in the number of invasive tests performed after introducing NIPT. @*Materials and Methods@#NIPT data from a large single center from March 2014 to November 2018 were analyzed. Karyotyping was confirmed based on chorionic villus sampling, amniocentesis, or postnatal cord/peripheral blood sampling. Data on maternal age, gestational age, fetal fraction, and ultrasonographic results were analyzed. As the secondary outcome, the number of amniocentesis cases before and after the introduction of NIPT was compared. @*Results@#Overall, 1,591 single pregnancy cases that underwent NIPT were enrolled. The mean maternal age was 36.05 (22-45) years. The average gestational age and fetal fraction were 12+1 (9+3 to 27+1) weeks and 10.95% (3.6% to 31.3%), respectively. A total of 1,544 cases (97.0%) were reported to have negative NIPT results and 40 (2.5%) had positive NIPT results. The sensitivity and specificity of the overall abnormalities in NIPT were 96.29% and 99.36%, respectively. The positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value were 72.22% and 99.93% respectively. The mean number of amniocentesis cases were 21.7 per month (21.7±3.9), which significantly decreased from 31.5 per month (31.5±4.8) before conducting NIPT as a screening test. @*Conclusion@#NIPT is currently a useful, powerful, and safe screening test. In particular, trisomy 21 is highly specific due to its high PPV. NIPT can reduce the potential risks of procedure-related miscarriages during invasive testing.

17.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 321-326, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833799

ABSTRACT

Blastocystis has recently been recognized as the most common eukaryotic microbe of the human gut. We investigated the prevalence of Blastocystis and their subtypes in diarrheal and non-diarrheal groups and the associated clinical parameters. A total of 324 stool samples were obtained from 196 diarrheal and 128 non-diarrheal subjects. Blastocystis subtypes were determined by sequencing the small subunit ribosomal DNA (SSU rRNA) gene. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data were collected and analyzed by diarrhea and Blastocystis status. The overall rate of Blastocystis positivity was 9.0% (29/324) but was significantly higher in the non-diarrheal group (18.0% vs. 3.1%, P<0.0001). Of the 6 Blastocystis-positive diarrheal patients, 3 (50.0%), none (0.0%), 2 (33.3%), and 1 (16.7%) were infected with subtypes ST1, ST2, ST3, and multiple subtypes, respectively. Of the 23 Blastocystis-positive non-diarrheal patients, 4 (17.4%), 1 (4.3%), and 18 (78.3%) were infected with subtypes ST1, ST2, and ST3, respectively. Blastocystis was less common in the diarrheal than the non-diarrheal group (odds ratio, 0.144; 95% confidence interval, 0.057–0.365, P<0.001). Of the 3 subtypes, ST3 was more frequently observed in the non-diarrheal than diarrheal group (78.3% vs. 33.3%, P=0.0341). Collectively, Blastocystis was found in both the diarrheal and non-diarrheal groups and ST3 was the most common subtype in Korea.

18.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 875-879, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833395

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To describe adverse drug reactions (ADRs) to carbamazepine (CBZ) and oxcarbazepine (OXC), including severe cutaneous ADRs, at a tertiary care hospital over a 10-year period. @*Materials and Methods@#The frequency and clinical features of ADRs caused by CBZ and OXC were analyzed using the pharmacovigilance database and spontaneous ADR reporting data of Yonsei University Severance Hospital & Dental Hospital (Seoul, Korea) from January 1, 2010 to January 31, 2020. @*Results@#Among 10419 cases prescribed CBZ and OXC, 204 ADR cases were reported. The incidences of ADRs were 1.8% and 2.2% for CBZ and OXC respectively, with no significant difference (p=0.169). The most common clinical presentations were skin disorders. Female patients had relatively more frequent ADRs than male patients. Although mild skin ADRs were more frequent with OXC, nervous system disorders, general disorders, and hepatobiliary disorders occurred more often with CBZ. There were six reports of severe cutaneous adverse reactions to CBZ, while OXC had none. Both CBZ and OXC caused ADRs at daily doses lower than the recommended initial dose. @*Conclusion@#Due to lower incidence of severe ADRs with OXC than CBZ, we suggest OXC as a first-line prescription.

19.
Endocrinology and Metabolism ; : 494-506, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832429

ABSTRACT

WD40-repeat (WDR)-containing proteins constitute an evolutionarily conserved large protein family with a broad range of biological functions. In human proteome, WDR makes up one of the most abundant protein-protein interaction domains. Members of the WDR protein family play important roles in nearly all major cellular signalling pathways. Mutations of WDR proteins have been associated with various human pathologies including neurological disorders, cancer, obesity, ciliopathies and endocrine disorders. This review provides an updated overview of the biological functions of WDR proteins and their mutations found in congenital disorders. We also highlight the significant role of WDR proteins in ciliopathies and endocrine disorders. The new insights may help develop therapeutic approaches targeting WDR motifs.

20.
Dementia and Neurocognitive Disorders ; : 96-107, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832303

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose: Previous studies suggest that cognitive intervention can mitigate the development of dementia in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). However, the previous cognitive intervention was mostly provided as a group session, in which MCI patients sometimes had difficulty in regularly attending sessions or were reluctant to participate in group-based classes. Additionally, experienced instructors for traditional cognitive intervention may be unavailable in some chronic-care facilities or community centers. Considering these reasons, we have developed 5 programs for home-based cognitive intervention using a personal robot for MCI patients. In this preliminary study, we aimed to demonstrate the effects of our newly developed home-based cognitive intervention with robots on cognitive function in MCI patients. @*Methods@#We conducted a single-blind randomized controlled trial enrolling 46 MCI patients. Participants were randomized into 2 groups: the robot cognitive intervention (robot) (n=24) group and without cognitive intervention (control) (n=22) group. The interventions comprised 60-min sessions per day for 4 weeks. The primary outcome was the change in cognitive function measured using the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery. @*Results@#There were no significant baseline demographic or clinical differences between the robot and control groups. After the 4-week cognitive intervention, the robot group showed greater improvement in working memory than did the control group. @*Conclusions@#Our home-based cognitive intervention with a personal robot improved the working memory in MCI patients. Further studies with larger samples and longer study periods are required to demonstrate the effects of these programs in other cognitive domains in MCI patients.

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