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1.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 85-88, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713364

ABSTRACT

Intradialytic hypotension during dialysis adversely affects a patient's prognosis and increases mortality. We report a case in which intradialytic hypotension that persisted after the administration of midodrine was relieved after the use of fludrocortisone. Administration of 0.2 mg of fludrocortisone occurred 30 minutes before dialysis. We compared 45 sessions of dialysis without fludrocortisone administration and 45 sessions of dialysis with fludrocortisone administration in one patient. The number of times in which systolic blood pressure became lower than 80 mmHg and the number of early terminations of dialysis due to a decrease in systolic blood pressure were higher in the sessions without fludrocortisone administration than in the sessions with fludrocortisone administration (P < 0.05). Fludrocortisone may be helpful for the treatment of intradialytic hypotension that does not respond to midodrine administration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure , Dialysis , Fludrocortisone , Hypotension , Midodrine , Mortality , Prognosis , Renal Dialysis
2.
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine ; : 40-43, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-60380

ABSTRACT

Retroperitoneal fibrosis (RF) is a disorder characterized by the presence of a retroperitoneal mass and concurrent systemic inflammation. Some cases of RF are recognized as belonging to the spectrum of immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD). Glucocorticoids are highly effective for treatment of retroperitoneal fibrosis, although the optimal dose and duration of therapy have not been established. An initial dose of prednisone (40-60 mg) daily is usually administered with a tapering scheme. We report on a 55-year-old man diagnosed with IgG4-related RF and successfully treated with a 3-day course of daily 250 mg (4 mg/kg) intravenous methylprednisolone, which resulted in the prompt resolution of urinary obstruction and systemic symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Glucocorticoids , Immunoglobulins , Inflammation , Methylprednisolone , Prednisone , Retroperitoneal Fibrosis
3.
The Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine ; : 123-127, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770861

ABSTRACT

A 71-year-old male initially presented with vocal cord palsy and underwent tracheostomy. After thorough examination, urogenital dysfunction, orthostatic hypotension, and Parkinsonism were found, which led to the diagnosis of multiple system atrophy (MSA). After the tracheostomy, bi-level positive airway pressure ventilation was required during the night due to nocturnal hypoxemia. Night-time hypoxemia is related to central sleep apnea, which is one of the manifestations of MSA. This is the first case of MSA manifested by bilateral vocal cord palsy as an initial sign in Korea. This case supports the notion that MSA should be taken into consideration when vocal cord paralysis is observed.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Airway Obstruction , Hypoxia , Diagnosis , Hypotension, Orthostatic , Korea , Multiple System Atrophy , Parkinsonian Disorders , Sleep Apnea, Central , Tracheostomy , Ventilation , Vocal Cord Paralysis
4.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 88-93, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-164820

ABSTRACT

Necrotizing pancreatitis is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Managing necrotizing pancreatitis is challenging, and minimally invasive treatment modalities recently replaced traditional open necrosectomy. Percutaneous catheter drainage and endoscopic necrosectomy are now widely used because they are less invasive, safer, and can more effectively remove necrotic materials. Various methods and novel techniques have been introduced to manage walled-off necrosis. Herein, we report a case series of patients with necrotizing pancreatitis who were successfully treated using fully covered esophageal metal stent and endoscopic necrosectomy via the percutaneous approach. Percutaneous endoscopic necrosectomy using a fully covered esophageal stent is an effective endoscopic treatment for patients with walled-off necrosis that extends along both sides of the paracolic gutter, reduces the number of necrosectomy sessions, and improves disease status faster than conventional treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catheters , Drainage , Mortality , Necrosis , Pancreatitis , Stents
5.
Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine ; : 123-127, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71279

ABSTRACT

A 71-year-old male initially presented with vocal cord palsy and underwent tracheostomy. After thorough examination, urogenital dysfunction, orthostatic hypotension, and Parkinsonism were found, which led to the diagnosis of multiple system atrophy (MSA). After the tracheostomy, bi-level positive airway pressure ventilation was required during the night due to nocturnal hypoxemia. Night-time hypoxemia is related to central sleep apnea, which is one of the manifestations of MSA. This is the first case of MSA manifested by bilateral vocal cord palsy as an initial sign in Korea. This case supports the notion that MSA should be taken into consideration when vocal cord paralysis is observed.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Airway Obstruction , Hypoxia , Diagnosis , Hypotension, Orthostatic , Korea , Multiple System Atrophy , Parkinsonian Disorders , Sleep Apnea, Central , Tracheostomy , Ventilation , Vocal Cord Paralysis
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