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Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(6): 853-859, June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387148


SUMMARY OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare heart rate variability indices in early and late postmenopausal women and assess their correlation and prognostic value to predict late postmenopausal. METHODS: An observational and retrospective study was performed with the medical records of patients from Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo between 2018 and 2019. We selected medical records of women with menopause, over 40 years old, which were divided into two groups, according to postmenopausal time, i.e., early and late postmenopausal. RESULTS: We analyzed data from 123 women (55 in the early and 68 in the late postmenopausal group). RRtri (triangular index) was lower in the late postmenopausal group (8.68 vs. 7.15, p=0.040). There was a significant weak negative correlation in SDNN, RRtri, and SD2 and postmenopausal time. RRtri presented the potential to predict late postmenopausal. CONCLUSION: The increase in postmenopausal time decreases global heart rate variability indices. The geometric index RRtri was significantly lower in late postmenopausal women and presented the potential to predict late postmenopausal.

Clinics ; 77: 100054, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1404335


Abstract Background: Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder (HSDD) is a very prevalent sexual problem, with limited options for treatment. Given that psychological factors are major contributors to the disorder, a therapy such as Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) may be useful to treat HSDD. Objective: To evaluate the effects of group CBT on women with HSDD. Method: Clinical trial randomized study with 106 women diagnosed with HSDD, who were divided as follows: Group 1 (n = 53) underwent group CBT for 8-weeks, and Group 2 (n = 53), were put on a waiting list and used as a control group. Sexual function was assessed by the Female Sexual Quotient (FSQQ) at the initial interview and after 6-months. Mann Whitney test was used for group comparison. Main Outcome Measures: demographics, education, sexual history, FSQQ and its domains for sexual function assessment. Results: Both groups had similar characteristics regarding sexual response, self-image, and relationship with a partner at the initial interview. Women undergoing therapy showed significant improvement in sexual function when compared with the control group. The overall FSQQ result showed an average growth of 18.08 points (95% CI 12.87‒23.28) for the therapy group against a decrease of 0.83 points (95% CI 3.43‒1.77) for controls (p < 0.001). The five domains of the questionnaire also exhibited significant improvement in the therapy group: desire and interest (p = 0.003), foreplay (p = 0.003), excitation and tuning (p < 0.001), comfort (p < 0.001), and orgasm and satisfaction (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Group CBT was shown to be an effective tool for treating HSDD.

Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(8): 1143-1149, Aug. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346986


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess cardiac autonomic modulation in postmenopausal women with and without dry eye syndrome (DES) and to identify associations between clinical and socioeconomic factors. METHODS A cross-sectional study was carried out at the Institute of Ocular Surgery of the Northeast (ICONE), Brazil. Convenience sample of postmenopausal women, over 40 years old, who were divided into two groups: with and without DES. Clinical, sociodemographic, and ophthalmological characteristics of these women were assessed. Capture of RR intervals was performed using a cardio frequency meter. Differences between the groups were analyzed using the Chi-square test, the Student's t test, and the Mann-Whitney test. RESULTS Women with DES were present in 60.4% (n=58), highest median age (63.5 years, 95%CI 62.0-67.9; p<0.001), median length of time menopause (19 years old, 95%CI 10.4-24.0; p<0.001). There was a difference in the standard deviation of all normal-to-normal index between the groups. However, when the differences were adjusted to the clinical model, no association was found between DES and heart rate variability (HRV). CONCLUSIONS The analysis of cardiac autonomic modulation in postmenopausal women is similar in the presence or absence of DES. Clinical factors, time of menopause, and intensity of symptoms were not associated with HRV indices.

Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Dry Eye Syndromes , Postmenopause , Autonomic Nervous System , Cross-Sectional Studies , Heart Rate , Middle Aged
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(4): 486-489, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286836


Abstract Swyer syndrome is one of the disorders of sexual differentiation. Previous studies have demonstrated increased sympathetic activity with heart rate variability (HRV) analysis with decreasing estradiol levels. One patient presented a pure 46, XY gonadal dysgenesis with female phenotype. Cardiac autonomic modulation was assessed through HRV analysis while at rest. This research analyzed linear and nonlinear indexes. HRV analysis showed reduced parasympathetic and global modulation with an apparent increase in sympathetic tone and a loss of HR fractal dynamics toward correlated behavior, characterized by low entropy and high determinism of time series.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Gonadal Dysgenesis, 46,XY/complications , Progestins/therapeutic use , Linear Models , Nonlinear Dynamics , Hormone Replacement Therapy , Estrogens/therapeutic use
Acta ortop. bras ; 28(6): 296-302, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142037


ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the postoperative outcomes of transforaminal intersomatic lumbar arthrodesis with structured iliac bone autograft and PEEK device. Methods: The total of 93 medical records of patients undergoing transforaminal intersomatic fusion between January 2012 and July 2017 with at least 1 year of postoperative follow-up, with complete medical record, containing clinical file and radiological exams, were reviewed. Results: From the medical records evaluated, 48 patients underwent the procedure with structured iliac autograft (group 1) and 45 with PEEK device (group 2). There was an improvement in functional capacity in both groups (p < 0.001), however there was no difference when comparing them (p = 0.591). Conclusion: The postoperative clinical and radiological results of lumbar arthrodesis with TLIF technique, using a structured iliac bone autograft compared to a PEEK device, were similar. Level of Evidence II, Retrospective study.

RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar os desfechos pós-operatórios da artrodese lombar intersomática transforaminal com autoenxerto ósseo ilíaco estruturado e dispositivo em poliéter-éter-cetonico-polímero (PEEK). Métodos: Foram revistos 93 prontuários de pacientes submetidos à fusão intersomática transforaminal entre janeiro de 2012 e julho de 2017 com pelo menos um ano de acompanhamento pós-operatório, com prontuário completo, contendo ficha clínica e exames radiológicos. Resultados: Dos prontuários avaliados, 48 pacientes foram submetidos ao procedimento com autoenxerto ilíaco estruturado (Grupo 1) e 45 com dispositivo em PEEK (Grupo 2). Houve melhora da capacidade funcional em ambos os grupos (p < 0,001), no entanto não houve diferença ao compará-los (p = 0,591). Conclusão: Os resultados clínicos e radiológicos pós-operatórios da artrodese lombar na técnica Fusão Intersomática Lombar Transforaminal (TLIF) utilizando autoenxerto ósseo ilíaco estruturado, em comparação com o uso de dispositivo em PEEK, foram semelhantes. Nível de Evidência II, Estudo retrospectivo.

Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(8): 1062-1069, Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136331


SUMMARY PURPOSE To analyze the level of knowledge about and the acceptability of the HPV vaccine among vaccinated and unvaccinated adolescents in the Western Amazon. METHODS A cross-sectional study on adolescents aged 10 to 19 years. The instrument used to collect data contains demographic and socioeconomic information and 27 questions that assess the knowledge and acceptability of the HPV vaccine. To compare the prevalence of vaccinated adolescents with the correct answers to questions about HPV and acceptability and vaccination, the robust variance Poisson regression model was used in the Stata 13.0 software. FINDINGS A total of 190 adolescents participated in the study, 60.5% in the age group of vaccination recommended by the Brazilian government, among them, 53.9% reported not having been vaccinated (p <0.001). A total of 150 (78.9%) adolescents correctly recognized HPV as a virus; 121 (63.7%) recognized HPV as a cause of cervical cancer. Participants who know HPV is a causative factor for cervical cancer are 1.94 times more likely to have been vaccinated than those who do not. Among the interviewees, the main sources of knowledge about the vaccine were schools (51.6%) and health professionals (22.6%). CONCLUSION Unvaccinated adolescents have knowledge gaps about HPV and its vaccine when compared to those vaccinated. Our results emphasize the need for effective campaigns to deliver adequate information about HPV and its vaccine to adolescents, their parents, and health professionals.

RESUMO OBJETIVO Analisar o nível de conhecimento e aceitabilidade da vacina contra o HPV entre adolescentes vacinados e não vacinados na Amazônia Ocidental. MÉTODOS Estudo transversal com adolescentes de 10 a 19 anos. O instrumento usado para coletar dados contém informações demográficas e socioeconômicas e 27 perguntas que avaliam o conhecimento e a aceitabilidade da vacina contra o HPV. Para comparar a prevalência de adolescentes vacinados com as respostas corretas para perguntas sobre conhecimento, aceitabilidade e vacinação contra o HPV, o modelo de regressão de Poisson de variância robusta foi utilizado no software Stata 13.0. Resultados: Participaram do estudo 190 adolescentes, 60,5% (n=115) na faixa etária de vacinação recomendada pelo governo brasileiro; dentre eles, 53,9% (n=62) relataram não ter sido vacinados (p<0,001). A proporção de resultados corretos entre os adolescentes foi de 78,9% (n=150), que reconheceram o HPV como vírus; 63,7% (n=121) relataram o HPV como causa de câncer do colo do útero. Os participantes que sabem que o HPV é um fator causal no câncer do colo do útero têm 1,94 (IC 1,18-3,18; p=0,009) vez mais chances de terem sido vacinados do que aqueles que não sabem. Entre os entrevistados, as principais fontes de conhecimento sobre a vacina foram escolas (51,6%) e profissionais de saúde (22,6%). CONCLUSÃO Adolescentes não vacinados apresentam lacunas de conhecimento sobre o HPV e sua vacina quando comparados aos vacinados. Nossos resultados enfatizam a necessidade de campanhas eficazes para fornecer informações adequadas sobre o HPV e sua vacina a adolescentes, pais e profissionais de saúde.

Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Papillomavirus Infections , Papillomavirus Vaccines , Brazil , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Vaccination
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(8): 1036-1042, Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136348


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE The association between gynecological diagnoses and their distribution across healthcare sectors benefits health promotion and the identification of topics for continued education of gynecological care. This study aimed to identify healthcare diagnoses and referral flow in climacteric women. METHODS This is a cross-sectional study conducted at the Women's Health Clinic of the University Hospital, University of São Paulo, with a reference to gynecology and training for Residents of Family and Community Medicine, between 2017 and 2018. The medical records of 242 women whose sociodemographic and clinical information, gynecological diagnoses, and distribution of healthcare services (primary, secondary, and tertiary) had been processed were collected. Statistical analysis included the chi-square test and odds ratio. RESULTS Smoking (OR = 2.27, 95% CI 1.05-4.89; p = 0.035) was associated with the referral of climacteric women to higher complexity services. Considering the distribution of non-oncological diagnoses in climacteric patients, the chance of women being referred to medium- and high-complexity health services presented a 2-fold increase in cases of breast diseases, a 2.35-fold increase in cases of noninflammatory disorders of the female genital tract, and a 3-fold increase in cases of inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs. CONCLUSION Climacteric women aged over 55 years, postmenopausal women, and smoking women were most frequently referred to medium- and high-complexity outpatient surgery.

RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO A associação entre diagnósticos ginecológicos e sua distribuição nos setores de saúde proporciona benefícios no campo da promoção de saúde e na identificação de temas para educação continuada na assistência. OBJETIVO Identificar os diagnósticos em saúde e o fluxo de encaminhamento de mulheres no climatério. MÉTODO Trata-se de estudo transversal realizado no Ambulatório de Saúde da Mulher do Hospital Universitário da Universidade de São Paulo, de referência em ginecologia e de treinamento para residentes de Medicina de Família e Comunidade, entre 2017-2018. A casuística foi realizada a partir de 274 prontuários de mulheres atendidas e foram processados informações sociodemográficas e clínicas, diagnósticos ginecológicos e distribuição dos serviços de saúde (primário, secundário e terciário). O teste qui-quadrado e razão de chance foram utilizados para estatística. RESULTADOS O tabagismo (OR=2,27, IC95% 1,05;4,89, p=0,035) foi associado ao encaminhamento de mulheres no climatério para a maior complexidade. Em relação aos tipos de diagnóstico, a chance de serem encaminhadas para a média e alta complexidade foi de 135% (OR=1,69, IC95% 0,93;3,08) nos transtornos não inflamatórios do trato genital feminino, 200% (OR=0,98, IC95% 0,23;4,02) nas doenças da mama, 300% (OR=1,51, IC95% 0,47;4,83) nos transtornos inflamatórios do trato genital feminino, sem predomínio entre os diagnósticos. CONCLUSÃO As mulheres climatéricas e na pós-menopausa acima de 50 anos e tabagistas com diagnósticos de transtornos não inflamatórios do trato genital feminino e inflamatórios, bem como doenças da mama, foram as mais direcionadas para ambulatório cirúrgico na média e alta complexidade.

Humans , Female , Climacteric , Referral and Consultation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Women's Health
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(3): 353-358, Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136204


SUMMARY Melatonin has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that can influence tissue growth and apoptosis. This aspect may influence the success of organ transplantation. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relationship between melatonin and organ transplantation. METHODS A systematic review was performed in PubMed databases using the search terms: "melatonin physiology" or "melatonin therapy" and "transplant pharmacology" or "transplant physiology" or "transplant therapy" or "Transplant therapy". Experiments on the organs of the reproductive system were not included. After analysis, five articles were selected after reading the title and abstract of 50 manuscripts. The works were divided into two aspects: a) analysis of the influence of the organ transplantation procedure on melatonin production; b) action of melatonin on organ transplantation. RESULTS The cardiac transplantation surgical procedure, immunosuppression, and graft did not influence melatonin secretion in rodents, but there was a significant reduction of melatonin in the renal transplantation procedure in patients with renal insufficiency. Melatonin administration in experimental models decreased rejection and improved transplant success. CONCLUSION Studies show that melatonin can reduce organ and species dependence, and the use of melatonin decreases graft rejection.

RESUMO A melatonina tem propriedades anti-inflamatórias e antioxidantes que podem influenciar o crescimento e a apoptose dos tecidos. Esse aspecto pode influenciar o sucesso do transplante de órgãos. OBJETIVO Avaliar a relação entre a melatonina e o transplante de órgãos. MÉTODO A revisão sistemática foi realizada nas bases de dados do PubMed, usando os termos de pesquisa: "fisiologia da melatonina" ou "terapêutica da melatonina" e "farmacologia do transplante" ou "fisiologia do transplante" ou "terapêutica do transplante" ou "terapia do transplante". Não foram incluídos os experimentos sobre os órgãos do sistema reprodutivo. Após análise, cinco artigos foram selecionados após a leitura do título e do resumo de 50 manuscritos. Os trabalhos foram divididos em duas vertentes: a) análise da influência do procedimento de transplante de órgão na produção de melatonina; b) ação da melatonina sobre o transplante de órgãos. RESULTADOS O procedimento cirúrgico do transplante cardíaco, a imunossupressão e o enxerto não influenciaram a secreção de melatonina em roedores, mas houve redução significante da melatonina nos casos do procedimento de transplante renal em pacientes com insuficiência renal. A ministração de melatonina em modelos experimentais diminuiu a rejeição e melhorou o sucesso de transplante. CONCLUSÃO Os estudos mostram que a melatonina pode reduzir a dependência da espécie e do órgão e que o emprego da melatonina diminui a rejeição do órgão.

Humans , Animals , Rats , Organ Transplantation , Graft Rejection/prevention & control , Melatonin/administration & dosage , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Heart Transplantation , Immunosuppression Therapy , Kidney Transplantation , Graft Survival/drug effects , Melatonin/physiology
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(5): 546-550, Sept-Oct. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040097


We present a case of a female adolescent with severe acute Chagas myocarditis, acquired by oral transmission in an endemic area in the Brazilian western Amazon, who had electrocardiographic changes normalized after empirical treatment with the antiparasitic drug benznidazole combined with conventional treatment for severe heart failure

Humans , Female , Child , Chagas Cardiomyopathy , Chagas Disease/epidemiology , Electrocardiography/methods , Stroke Volume , Trypanosoma cruzi , Echocardiography/methods , Heart Failure , Antiparasitic Agents/therapeutic use
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(5): 699-705, May 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012954


SUMMARY Breast Cancer is common in women, but its etiology is not yet fully understood. Several factors may contribute to its genesis, such as genetics, lifestyle, and the environment. Melatonin may be involved in the process of breast cancer. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of the levels of melatonin on breast cancer through a systematic review and meta-analysis. We performed a systematic review according to PRISMA recommendations. The primary databases MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane were consulted. There was no restriction on the year of publication and language. Data of systematic reviews from April 2017 to September to 2017 were analyzed. The meta-analysis was conducted using RevMan 5.3 software provided by the Cochrane Collaboration. From a total of 570 articles, 9 manuscripts were included in this review. They analy onzed women with breast cancer and control patients, of which 10% and 90% were in the reproductive period and after menopause, respectively. The lowest level of melatonin was found in approximately 55% of studies with breast cancer in post-menopause. The metanalyses of the studies demonstrated low levels of melatonin in breast cancer patients (n=963) compared with control patients (n= 1332), with a mean difference between the studies of 8722;3.54 (CI8722;6.01,8722;1.06). Another difference found was in the comparison between smoking patients, with an average difference between 1.80 [0.97-2.63]. Our data suggest that low levels of melatonin might be a risk factor for breast cancer.

RESUMO O câncer de mama é comum em mulheres, mas sua etiologia ainda não é totalmente compreendida. Vários fatores podem contribuir para sua gênese, genética, estilo de vida e meio ambiente. A melatonina pode estar envolvida no processo de câncer de mama. Portanto, o objetivo deste estudo é avaliar a influência dos níveis de melatonina no câncer de mama por meio de uma revisão sistemática e meta-análise. Realizamos uma revisão sistemática de acordo com as recomendações do Prisma. Os principais bancos de dados, Medline, Embase e Cochrane, foram consultados. Não houve restrição quanto ao ano de publicação e idioma. Os dados de revisão sistemática obtidos de abril de 2017 a setembro a 2017 foram analisados. A meta-análise foi conduzida pelo programa RevMan 5.3 fornecido pela Cochrane Collaboration. De um total de 570 artigos, nove foram incluídos nesta revisão. As análises foram conduzidas em mulheres com câncer de mama e pacientes controle, dos quais 10% e 90% estavam no período reprodutivo e após a menopausa, respectivamente. O nível mais baixo de melatonina foi encontrado em aproximadamente 55% dos estudos com câncer de mama na pós-menopausa. As meta-análises de estudos demonstraram os baixos níveis de melatonina em doentes com câncer da mama (n=963), em comparação com os pacientes de controle (n=1.332), sendo a diferença de médias entre os estudos da 8722;3,54 (CI 8722;6,01, 8722;1,06). Outra diferença é demonstrada nas comparações entre pacientes fumantes, sendo a diferença da média entre 1,80 [0,97-2,63]. Nossos dados sugerem que baixos níveis de melatonina podem ser um fator de risco para câncer de mama.

Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/urine , Breast Neoplasms/blood , Melatonin/urine , Melatonin/blood , Reference Values , Breast Neoplasms/etiology , Biomarkers, Tumor/urine , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Risk Factors
Clinics ; 74: e1166, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039569


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge and acceptability of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among health professionals from western Amazonia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Sistema Assistencial è Saúde da Mulher e da Criança (Health Care System for Women and Children; SASMC) in Acre, Brazil, in 2017. The participants comprised 196 health professionals. The data collection instrument contained 31 questions about HPV, its clinical repercussions for women, and the HPV vaccine. Quantitative variables were presented as medians and 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. For the analyses, chi-square tests and Mann-Whitney tests were used. The collected data were analyzed using Stata®11.0. RESULTS: Of the 196 health professionals, 39.8% (n=76) were physicians and 61.2% (n=120) were other health professionals. The interviewees were mostly female (n=143, 73%, 95% CI 66.1 to 78.9%) who worked in the medical field (n=81, 41.3%, 95% CI 34.4 to 48.6%), and the median age was 38 years (95% CI 36.0 to 39.7). Physicians had increased knowledge regarding only the statement "cervical cancer is one of the main causes of cancer in women", with a proportion ratio of 0.88 (0.80; 0.97) and p<0.001. Regarding clinical knowledge of the HPV vaccine, a low proportion of correct answers was obtained for all the questions, and no significant differences were found between the groups. CONCLUSION: Acceptability and knowledge of HPV and its vaccine were similar among health professionals, with knowledge gaps in questions about the relation between smoking and cervical cancer and specific clinical knowledge.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health Personnel/statistics & numerical data , Papillomavirus Infections/prevention & control , Papillomavirus Vaccines , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Interviews as Topic
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(9): 824-831, Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976856


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To evaluate pain, functional capacity, and quality of life of patients with non-specific chronic low back pain, after home-based exercise therapy with different kinds of supervision. METHOD Thirty individuals of both gender, between 18 and 65 years old, performed the proposed exercises three times a week, for eight weeks. Group A (N = 17) performed the exercises after a single supervised session. Group B (N = 13) was supervised once a week at the rehabilitation center. Both groups received a booklet with instructions, and questionnaires to evaluate pain, functional capacity and quality of life; during the initial evaluation, after four and eight weeks. RESULTS There was an improvement in pain and functional capacity between the initial evaluation and week 4, and the initial evaluation and week 8 in both groups (p <0.05). In the quality of life evaluation, the criteria for pain, functional capacity, and physical aspects had significant improvement after 8 weeks (p <0.05). There was no difference when comparing groups A and B (p >0,05). CONCLUSION Home-based exercise therapy, when performed in a period of eight weeks, using the booklet, was effective for improving level of pain, functional capacity, and quality of life in patients with non-specific chronic low back pain. The weekly supervision did not significantly influence the final outcome between the groups.

RESUMO OBJETIVO Avaliar dor, capacidade funcional e qualidade de vida de pacientes com dor lombar crônica inespecífica após terapia por exercícios domiciliares, com diferentes maneiras de supervisão. MÉTODO Trinta indivíduos de ambos os sexos, com idade entre 18 e 65 anos, apresentando dor lombar crônica inespecífica, realizaram os exercícios propostos três vezes por semana, durante oito semanas. Indivíduos do Grupo A (N=17) realizaram os exercícios após única sessão supervisionada. Já os indivíduos do Grupo B (N=13) foram supervisionados uma vez por semana no centro de reabilitação. Ambos receberam cartilha com orientações e questionários para avaliar dor, capacidade funcional e qualidade de vida; durante avaliação inicial, após quatro e oito semanas. RESULTADOS Houve melhora da dor e capacidade funcional entre as avaliações inicial e semana 4, e inicial e semana 8 nos dois grupos (p<0,05). Na avaliação de qualidade de vida (SF-36), os critérios de dor, capacidade funcional e aspectos físicos obtiveram melhora significativa após oito semanas (p<0,05). Não houve diferença significativa ao comparar os grupos (p>0,05). CONCLUSÃO A terapia por exercícios domiciliares, quando realizada num período de oito semanas, com auxílio da cartilha, foi eficaz para melhora da dor, capacidade funcional e qualidade de vida, em pacientes com dor lombar crônica inespecífica. A supervisão semanal não influenciou de forma significativa o resultado final quando comparados os grupos.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Quality of Life , Low Back Pain/therapy , Exercise Therapy/methods , Chronic Pain/therapy , Home Care Services , Time Factors , Pain Measurement , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Low Back Pain/physiopathology , Chronic Pain/physiopathology , Middle Aged
Rev. bras. crescimento desenvolv. hum ; 28(1): 5-8, Jan.-Mar. 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-958501


The new Vaccine technologies against transmissible and non-transmissible diseases, such as cancer, have had an impact on international public health. The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is used on a large scale in immunization programs in more than 58 countries, with resultant efficacy and safety for precursor lesions of cervical cancer, in addition to anogenital lesions. After the introduction of quadrivalent HPV vaccine (6,11,16 and 18) in Brazil in 2014, monitoring the vaccination coverage and the development of HPV prevalence incidence of cervical abnormalities and precancerous lesions must be observed, as well as morbidity and mortality trends from in situ and invasive cancer. Encouraging information, counseling and continuing education is recommended as a strategy to broaden vaccine acceptance in order to sediment its implementation and ensure effectiveness in reducing new cases of cervical cancer in the future.

As novas tecnologias em vacina contra doenças transmissíveis e não transmissíveis como o câncer, tiveram impacto na saúde pública internacional, especificamente a vacina para o papiloma vírus humano (HPV) utilizada em larga escala nos programas de imunização em mais de 58 países, com resultados de eficácia e segurança para lesões precursoras do câncer de colo do útero além de lesões anogenitais. Após a introdução em território Nacional da vacina quadrivalente para o HPV (6,11,16 e 18) desde 2014, ressalta-se a importância do monitoramento da cobertura vacinal e o desenvolvimento de estudos de prevalência de HPV em logo prazo, de incidência de anormalidades cervicais e lesões pré-cancerosas bem como de tendência de morbimortalidade por câncer in situ e invasivo. O incentivo às informações, aconselhamento e educação continuada é recomendado como uma estratégia para ampliar a aceitação da vacina a fim de sedimentar sua implantação e assegurar a eficácia na redução dos novos casos de câncer de colo do útero para o futuro.

Humans , Female , Papillomaviridae , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Cross-Sectional Studies , Immunization Programs , Papillomavirus Vaccines , Human Papillomavirus Recombinant Vaccine Quadrivalent, Types 6, 11, 16, 18
Rev. bras. crescimento desenvolv. hum ; 28(1): 58-68, Jan.-Mar. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-958508


INTRODUCTION: The human papillomavirus (HPV) is a prevalent viral infection in the sexually active population, which can be oncogenic and non-oncogenic. Educational efforts by health professionals, aimed at adolescents and their parents, help decision-making on human papillomavirus vaccination, benefiting the implantation process and vaccine coverage. OBJECTIVE: To describe the data collection constructs about knowledge and acceptability of HPV vaccine among adolescents, parents and health professionals. METHODS: Study of construct elaboration based on an empirical review of the literature with a qualitative focus on PubMed database, from 2007 to 2014, using the following keywords: Papillomaviridae AND Papillomavirus Vaccines AND Knowledge AND Community Health Services. A total of 31 questions were divided into six categories. In the internal validation, the final construct was applied in 390 subjects (adolescents, parents/guardians and health professionals) in the period of 2014. The proportion of assertive responses and respective 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to describe each question. RESULTS: Three articles on the subject were found in the databases consulted that served as the basis for the elaboration of the questionnaire. There was a lower proportion of correct answers among adolescents about knowledge of HPV. Adolescents, parents, and carers showed a low proportion of correctness about the safety and efficacy of the vaccine. The three groups did not show any barriers to vaccine acceptability. CONCLUSION: The instrument was adequate to measure knowledge about HPV, its repercussions and its vaccine among adolescents, parents/guardians and health professionals, as well as measuring the acceptability of the human papillomavirus vaccine.

INTRODUÇÃO: O papilomavírus humano (HPV) é infecção viral prevalente na população sexualmente ativa, podendo ser oncogênico e não oncogênico. Esforços educacionais realizados por profissionais de saúde, voltados para adolescentes e seus pais auxiliam a tomada de decisão sobre a vacinação para o papilomavírus humano, beneficiando o processo de implantação e cobertura vacinal. OBJETIVO: Descrever constructo de coleta de dados sobre conhecimento e aceitabilidade da vacina para o HPV entre adolescentes, pais e profissionais de saúde. MÉTODO: Estudo de elaboração de constructo a partir de revisão de base empírica da literatura com enfoque qualitativo em base de dados do PubMed, no período de 2007 a 2014, com a utilização das palavras-chave: Papillomaviridae AND Papillomavirus Vaccines AND knowledge AND Community Health Services. Elaborou-se 31 questões divididas em seis categorias. Na validação interna foi aplicado o constructo final em 390 indivíduos (adolescentes, pais/responsáveis e profissionais de saúde) no período de 2014. A proporção de acerto das respostas e respectivo intervalo de confiança de 95% foram utilizados para descrever cada questão. RESULTADOS: Foram encontrados três artigos sobre a temática nas bases de dados consultadas que serviram como base para elaboração do questionário. Verificou-se menor proporção de acerto entre adolescentes sobre o conhecimento do HPV. Adolescentes, pais e responsáveis mostraram-se com baixa proporção de acerto sobre a segurança e eficácia da vacina. Os três grupos não mostraram barreiras de aceitabilidade à vacina. CONCLUSÃO: O instrumento mostrou-se adequado para mensurar o conhecimento sobre o HPV, suas repercussões e sua vacina entre os adolescentes, pais/responsáveis e profissionais de saúde, bem como sobre a aceitabilidade da vacina para o papilomavírus humano.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Papillomaviridae , Parents , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Surveys and Questionnaires , Adolescent , Papillomavirus Vaccines
Clinics ; 72(3): 183-187, Mar. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840059


Cervical cancer is a major cause of death in adult women. However, many women do not undergo cervical cancer screening for the following reasons: fear, shame, physical limitations, cultural or religious considerations and lack of access to health care services. Self-collected vaginal smears maybe an alternative means of including more women in cervical cancer screening programs. The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the acceptability of vaginal smear self-collection for cervical cancer screening. We selected articles from PubMed, the Cochrane Library and Embase that were published between January 1995 and April 2016. Studies written in English, French, Italian, Portuguese or Spanish that involved women between 18 and 69 years of age who had engaged in sexual intercourse were included in this review. The review was performed in accordance with the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) statement. Nineteen studies were ultimately evaluated in this review. Most of the included studies (n=17) demonstrated that the self-collection method exhibited outstanding acceptability among women with respect to cervical cancer screening, and only two studies indicated that self-collection exhibited low acceptability among women in this context. The acceptability of self-collection was determined subjectively (without standardized questionnaires) in 10 studies (53%) and via structured and validated questionnaires in the remaining studies. The results of our review suggest that the self-collection method is well-accepted and may therefore encourage greater participation in cervical cancer screening programs. However, additional studies are required to verify these results.

Humans , Female , Self Care/methods , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/diagnosis , Vaginal Smears/methods , Early Detection of Cancer , Patient Compliance , Surveys and Questionnaires
Rev. bras. crescimento desenvolv. hum ; 27(1): 117-123, 2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-898056


INTRODUCTION: Abortion, even when provided by law in cases of sexual violence, continues to be practiced in an insecure way, since women who suffer violence are not reported or guarded by social, institutional or age vulnerability, as in adolescence. OBJECTIVE: Describe the clinical consequences of unsafe abortion, report this experience as well as sexual violence in situations of social and age vulnerability. METHODS: It is a clinical case report, with the consent of the patient, in the year 2016, of a 16-year-old female adolescent with a personal history of sexual violence by an intimate aggressor. Admitted to the health service with diagnosis of acute abdomen and induced abortion using antibiotic therapy. RESULTS: Laboratory tests revealed altered C reactive protein and presence of leukocytosis, ultrasound showed heterogenic mass, computed tomography showed presence of cylindrical foreign body in vaginal cavity, surgical interventions, sepsis, clinical complications (pulmonary thromboembolism) and prolonged hospitalization. CONCLUSION: The history of violence portrayed in this study reveals an attempt of abortion with self harm, revealing negative clinical repercussions and the health problems of the adolescent. This person has committed an abortion that does not fit into the abortion criteria provided by law. It also revealed the need for further discussion on the topic, highlighting health promotion practices against unsafe abortion.

INTRODUÇÃO: O aborto, mesmo quando previsto por lei nos casos de violência sexual, continua a ser praticado de maneira insegura, uma vez que as mulheres que experimentam essa violência não a relatam ou velam por vulnerabilidade social, institucional ou etária, como na adolescência. OBJETIVO: Descrever as consequências clínicas do aborto inseguro e relatar essa experiência vivenciada bem como a violência sexual em situações de vulnerabilidade social e etária MÉTODO: Trata se de relato de caso clínico, com consentimento da paciente, ocorrido no ano de 2016 de uma adolescente, sexo feminino, 16 anos com antecedente pessoal de violência sexual de agressor íntimo. Admitida em serviço de saúde com diagnóstico de abdome agudo e aborto induzido em uso de antibioticoterapia. RESULTADOS: Laboratoriais revelaram proteína C reativa alterada e presença de leucocitose, ultrassonografia apresentou massa heterogênica, tomográfica computadorizada evidenciou presença de corpo estranho cilíndrico em cavidade vaginal, intervenções cirúrgicas, infecções generalizadas, complicações clínicas. CONCLUSÃO: A história de violência retratada nesse estudo revela uma tentativa de aborto com autolesão, desvelando repercussões clínicas negativas e os agravos à saúde da adolescente. Esta que cometeu um aborto que não se insere nos critérios de aborto previsto por lei. Revelou ainda a necessidade de maior discussão sobre o tema, destacando as práticas de promoção da saúde contra o aborto inseguro.

Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Sex Offenses , Adolescent , Abortion, Septic , Abortion
Rev. bras. crescimento desenvolv. hum ; 26(1): 11-20, 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-791668


INTRODUCTION: in health promotion, practices are necessary to trigger mechanisms aimed at the creation or recreation of a new mode of enhancing health, in order to overcome the still-oriented actions of the biological approach. Prevailing actions oh health care, although important to the sector, do not advance toward a positive concept OBJECTIVE: to analyse the historical process of health as a concept and care models in the search for a new model of health promotion METHODS: This is a reflective review designed to understand and appraise the international and national literature from Medline/PubMed, Lilacs and the Scientific Electronic Library (Scielo). For the organisation of data, articles were separated by themes, and the process of categorisation was conducted based on content analysis RESULTS: Despite having the knowledge that consistent actions with the assumptions of health promotion are of great importance to quality of life and equity in health, implementing them remains a challenge due to the predominance of curative practices and an individualistic approach. These practices, in turn, are revealed to be a reflection of the concept of health that has passed from the absence of disease to a process related to social, political, economic and cultural factors CONCLUSION: The concept of health has been transformed from historical ideas, reflecting the emergence of new formulations about thinking and doing and, consequently, new proposals for changes in welfare models of health. Therefore, although the new model of healthcare has been structured from a health promotion perspective; there are still features of hegemonic models with the predominance of curative practices.

INTRODUÇÃO: Nas práticas de promoção da saúde está sendo necessário acionar mecanismos que visem à criação ou recriação de um novo mode de produzir saúde, a fim de superar as ações orientadas ainda pelo enfoque biológico. Ainda estão prevalecendo as ações de cunho preventivista que, embora importantes para o setor, não avançam para uma concepção positiva de saúde OBJETIVO: Analisar o processo histórico do conceito de saúde e dos modelos assistencias na busca de um novo modelo de promoção da saúde MÉTODO: Trata-se de um estudo de revisão reflexiva tendo como fontes para compreensão e aproximação da temática "aritgos internacionais e nacionais das bases de dados" Medline/Pubmed, Lilacs e a Scientific Eletronic Library - Scielo. Para organização dos dados, separou-se os artigos por temas e foi realizado o processo de categorização com base na análise de conteúdo RESULTADOS: Ainda que se tenha o conhecimento que ações condizentes com os pressupostos da promoção da saúde são de grande importância para o alcance da qualidade de vida e a equidade em saúde, implementá-las ainda é um desafio, visto a predominância de características de práticas curativistas e individualistas. Estas práticas, por sua vez, revelam-se como reflexo do conceito de saúde que perpassou desde a ausência de doença a um processo relacionado a fatores sócio, político, econômico e cultural CONCLUSÃO: O conceito de saúde veio sendo transformado a partir dos momentos histórico vivenciado, refletindo no aparecimento de novas formulações sobre o pensar e fazer sanitário e, por consequência, novas propostas de mudanças nos modelos assistenciais em saúde. Assim, embora o novo modelo de atenção a saúde esteja estruturado em uma perspectiva da promoção da saúde, ainda existem características de modelos hegemônicos que implicam em práticas curativistas.

Humans , Male , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health-Disease Process , Health , Health Education , Health Promotion