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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 254-258, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932504

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the difference in the peri-coronary fat attenuation index (FAI) between using coronary calcium score (CCS) images and coronary CT angiography (CCTA) images, and to explore the feasibility and befitting threshold of FAI measured on CCS images.Methods:The clinical and imaging data of patients who underwent CCTA examination from August 2019 to August 2020 were retrospectively analyzed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, there were 122 cases in non-calcified plaque group (144 coronary arteries) and 97 cases in none-plaque group (186 coronary arteries). The coronary arteries were delineated both on CCS and CCTA images with Perivascular Fat Analysis Tool; the regions of interest of peri-coronary adipose tissue were generated automatically after setting the threshold of fat tissue. Then the FAI value was calculated. The thresholds were set in four levels (-190--30, -185--25, -180--20 and -175--15 HU) for CCS images and one level (-190--30 HU) for CCTA images. The intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to evaluate the consistency of the measurements of FAI values on CCS and CCTA images between the two physicians. Paired t test was used to compare the differences of FAI values between CCS and CCTA images, and Pearson correlation coefficient was used to evaluate the correlation between CCS-FAI and CCTA-FAI. Results:(1) FAI values measured on CCS and CCTA images by 2 physicians showed good consistency; (2) At the threshold of -185--25 HU, there was no significant difference in FAI values between the CCS and CCTA images for non-calcified plaque group [(-84.15±5.99)HU vs. (-83.83±5.98)HU, t=0.79, P=0.429], as well as for the none-plaque group [(-83.41±5.75)HU vs.(-83.84±6.25)HU, t=-1.08, P=0.280]; (3) There were significant differences on FAI values between the CCS images and CCTA images at the threshold of -190--30、-180--20 and -175--15 HU (all P<0.05); (4) There were moderate correlations on FAI values between the CCS images and CCTA images under different thresholds both in non-calcified plaque group and none-plaque group. Conclusion:It is feasible to measure FAI on CCS images, and the befitting threshold is -185--25 HU.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 853-858, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910247

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of different machine learning models based on Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI hepatobiliary phase radiomics features in preoperative prediction of microvascular invasion (MVI) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods:The data of 132 patients with HCC confirmed by pathology in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2015 to May 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 72 cases of positive MVI and 60 cases of negative MVI. According to the proportion of 7∶3, the cases were randomly divided into training set and validation set. The radiomics features of hepatobiliary phase images for HCC were extracted by PyRadiomics software. The clinical and radiomics features of the training set were screened by the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression with 5 fold cross-validation, and then the optimal feature subset was obtained. Six machine learning algorithms, including decision tree, extreme gradient boosting, random forest, support vector machine (SVM), generalized linear model (GLM) and neural network, were used to build the prediction models, and the ROC curves were used to evaluate the prediction ability of the models. DeLong test was used to compare the differences of area under the curve (AUC) for 6 machine learning algorithms.Results:Totally 14 features selected by LASSO regression were obtained to form the optimal feature subset, including 2 clinical features (maximum tumor diameter and alpha-fetoprotein) and 12 radiomics features. The AUCs of decision tree, extreme gradient boosting, random forest, SVM, GLM and neural network based on the optimal feature subset were 0.969, 1.000, 1.000, 0.991, 0.966, 1.000 in the training set and 0.781, 0.890, 0.920, 0.806, 0.684, 0.703 in the validation set, respectively. There were significant differences in the AUCs between extreme gradient boosting and GLM or neural network ( Z=2.857, 3.220, P=0.004, 0.001). The differences in AUCs between random forest and SVM, GLM, or neural network were significant ( Z=2.371, 3.190, 3.967, P=0.018, 0.001,<0.001). The difference in AUCs between SVM and GLM was statistically significant ( Z=2.621 , P=0.009). There were no significant differences in the AUCs among the other machine learning models ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Machine learning models based on Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI hepatobiliary phase radiomics features can be used to preoperatively predict MVI of HCC, particularly the extreme gradient boosting and random forest models have high prediction efficiency.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881072

ABSTRACT

In this study, a high performance thin-layer chromatography/single quadrupole mass spectrometry QDa (HPTLC-QDa) method for robust authentication of Ganoderma lucidum, a popular and valuable herbal medicine, has been developed. This method is simple and practical, which allows direct generation of characteristic mass spectra from the HPTLC plates automatically with the application of in situ solvent desorption interface. The HPTLC silica gel plates were developed with toluene-ethyl formate-formic acid (5 : 5 : 0.2, V/V) and all bands were transferred to QDa system directly in situ using 80% methanol with 0.1% formic acid as desorption solvent. The acquired HPTLC-QDa spectra showed that luminous yellow band b3, containing ganoderic acid B/G/H and ganodeneric acid B, the major active components of Ganoderma, could be found only in G. lucidum and G. lucidum (Antler-shaped), but not in G. sinense and G. applanatum. Moreover, bands b13 and b14 with m/z 475/477 and m/z 475/491/495, respectively, could be detected in G. lucidum (Antler-shaped), but not in G. lucidum, thus allowing simple and robust authentication of G. lucidum with confused species. This method is proved to be simple, practical and reproducible, which can be extended to analyze other herbal medicines.

4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1493-1497, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922284

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationships between caspase-8 (CASP8), fatty acid synthetase (Fas) gene polymorphisms and prognosis of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients in Han nationality.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 85 patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma were analyzed retrospectively. The polymorphisms of CASP8 and Fas gene were detected, and prognosis of the patients were analyzed. The polymorphisms of CASP8 and Fas gene in patients with different prognosis were compared, and the relationships between gene polymorphisms and the poor prognosis of the patients were investigated.@*RESULTS@#The incidence rate of poor prognosis of the patients enrolled in the study was 65.88%. The polymorphisms of CASP8 and Fas genes in the patients with poor or good prognosis were in accordance with Hardy Weinberg's law of genetic balance. The frequencies of GG genotype and G allele at rs 1035142 of CASP8 gene, GA genotype and A allele at rs 1377 of Fas gene in patients with poor prognosis were lower than those of the patients with good prognosis (P<0.05). The frequencies of GT, TT and T alleles at rs 1035142 of CASP8 gene, GG and G alleles at rs 1377 of Fas gene in patients with poor prognosis were higher than those of the patients with good prognosis (P<0.05). The proportions of Ann Arbor stage III-IV and high malignancy in patients with poor prognosis were higher than those of the patients with good prognosis (P<0.05). Logistic multiple regression analysis showed that Ann Arbor stage III-IV, moderate malignant, high malignancy, CASP8 rs 1035142 GT genotype, CASP8 rs 1035142 TT genotype and Fas rs 1377 GG genotype were all the risk factors for the poor prognosis of the patients (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The poor prognosis rate of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients in Han nationality is relatively high, and the risk factors for the prognosis of the patients include Ann Arbor stage III-IV, moderate and high malignancy, CASP8 rs 1035142 GT genotype, CASP8 rs 1035142 TT genotype and Fas rs 1377 GG genotype.


Subject(s)
Caspase 8/genetics , Ethnicity , Fatty Acids , Humans , Ligases , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , fas Receptor
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921671

ABSTRACT

Gentiana is an important but complicated group in Gentianaceae. The genus covers numerous medicinal plants which are difficult to be identified. In the present study, several medicinal species in Gentiana from Yunnan province, including G. rigescens, G.rhodantha, and G. delavayi, were sequenced using the Illumina HiSeq 2500 system. Three complete chloroplast genome sequences were obtained after assembly and annotation. According to several published genome sequences of G. crassicaulis, the DNA super-barcoding of species in Gentiana was preliminarily carried out. The results revealed that chloroplast genomes of the three species were conservative with short lengths(146 944, 148 992, and 148 796 bp, respectively). The genomes encoded 114 genes, including 78 protein-coding genes, 30 tRNA genes, 4 rRNA genes, and 2 pseudogenes. Furthermore, these medicinal species in Yunnan province were identified using DNA super-barcoding based on chloroplast genomes. The results showed that the Gentiana species could be gathered into monophyletic branches with a high support value(100%). It indicated that DNA super-barcoding possessed obvious advantages in discriminating species in complicated genera. This study is expected to provide a scientific basis for the identification, utilization, and conservation of Gentiana species.


Subject(s)
China , DNA , Genome, Chloroplast/genetics , Gentiana/genetics , Phylogeny
6.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1185-1190, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868385

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl- diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA) enhanced MRI nomogram model for preoperative prediction of Ki-67 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods:Data of 85 patients of HCC confirmed by postoperative pathology, who underwent preoperative Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI between September 2016 and August 2019 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University were retrospectively evaluated. According to postoperative immunohistochemistry Ki-67 index, the 85 patients were divided into Ki-67 low expression group(Ki-67 index ≤10%, n=20) and Ki-67 high expression group (Ki-67 index >10%, n=65). Clinical data (hepatitis, cirrhosis, etc.), qualitative imaging parameters (tumor margin, capsule, etc.) were compared by χ 2 test and quantitative parameters [lesion-to-normal parenchyma ratio-arterial phase (LNR-AP), lesion-to-normal parenchyma ratio-portal phase (LNR-PP), lesion-to-normal parenchyma ratio-equilibrium phase (LNR-EP) and lesion-to-normal parenchyma ratio-hepatobiliary phase (LNR-HBP)] were compared by independent sample t test. The above statistically significant parameters were included in multivariate logistic regression to identify the independent predictors of Ki-67 high expression and then the nomogram model for predicting Ki-67 expression of HCC was established. Results:alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) tumor margin, arterial rim enhancement between the Ki-67 low expression group and the Ki-67 high expression group had significant differences (χ 2 were 8.196, 10.538 and 4.717, respectively, P<0.05). LNR-AP, LNR-PP, LNR-EP and LNR-HBP between the two groups had significant differences ( t were 2.929, 2.773, 2.890 and 3.437, respectively, P<0.05).The result of multivariate logistic regression revealed that AFP≥20 μg/L, non-smooth tumor margin and low LNR-HBP were the independent predictors of Ki-67 high expression (odds ratio were 4.090, 3.509 and 0.042, respectively, P<0.05).The Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI nomogram model for predicting Ki-67 expression of HCC was established successfully. The Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the nomogram was 0.837 and the corrected predictive curve fitted the ideal curve, which suggested the model had a good predictive efficiency. Conclusion:Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MRI nomogram model has great value in preoperative prediction of Ki-67 expression of HCC, which provided a personalized prediction method for Ki-67 expression in patient with HCC.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1167-1172, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868382

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of spectral CT radiomics quantitative features on differentiating lung cancer nodule from inflammatory nodule.Methods:The spectral CT imaging data of 96 lung cancer nodules and 45 inflammatory nodules from the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University were analyzed retrospectively. According to a ratio of two to one, patients were randomly assigned to the training group and validation group, including 64 lung cancer nodules and 30 inflammatory nodules in the training group, 32 lung cancer nodules and 15 inflammatory nodules in the validation group. MaZda software was used for radiomic feature extraction from the 70 keV monochromatic images in arterial phase and venous phase for lung cancer nodules and inflammatory nodules in the training group. Fisher coefficients (Fisher), classification error probability combined average correlation coefficients (POE+ACC) and mutual information (MI) were used to select 10 optimal features for the optimal feature subsets. The optimal feature subsets were analyzed by using linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and nonlinear discriminant analysis (NDA) to calculate the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC), accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, precise and F1 score in differentiating lung cancer nodule from inflammatory nodule. The prediction model was established using the optimal feature subsets in the training group with artificial neural network (ANN). Then the established prediction model was used to differentiate lung cancer nodule from inflammatory nodule in the validation group. Delong test was used to compare the differences in the AUC of different optimal feature subsets.Results:In arterial phase, the optimal feature subset obtained from MI-NDA had the highest AUC of 0.888 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.806-0.943], accuracy rate of 88.3%, sensitivity of 87.5% and specificity of 90.0%, on the differential diagnosis of lung cancer nodule and inflammatory nodule in the training group. There was no significant difference in AUC between MI-NDA and Fisher-NDA or (POE+ACC)-NDA method ( Z=1.941, P=0.052; Z=1.683, P=0.092). In venous phase, the optimal feature subset obtained from (POE+ACC)-NDA had the highest AUC of 0.846 (95%CI 0.757-0.912), accuracy rate of 87.2%, sensitivity of 92.2% and specificity of 76.7%, on the differential diagnosis of lung cancer nodule and inflammatory nodule in the training group. There was no significant difference in AUC between(POE+ACC)-NDA and MI-NDA method ( Z=1.354, P=0.18), but significant difference between (POE+ACC)-NDA and Fisher-NDA method ( Z=2.423, P=0.015). In the validation group and training group, the optimal feature subset selected by MI-NDA method had the highest AUC of 0.888(95%CI 0.806-0.943) and 0.871(95%CI 0.741-0.951). Conclusion:Spectral CT radiomics quantitative features have great value on the differential diagnosis of lung cancer nodule and inflammatory nodule.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 192-197, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868273

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of pericoronary adipose tissue histogram parameters based on coronary CT angiography (CTA) images for the differentiation of acute coronary syndrome and stable coronary artery disease.Methods:The clinical data and CTA images of 93 patients with coronary CTA examination in Suzhou Kowloon Hospital from 2013 to 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 39 patients with acute coronary syndrome (acute coronary syndrome group) and 54 patients with stable coronary artery disease (stable coronary artery disease group). A region of interest (ROI) was drawn around the stenosis of the coronary arteries, with CT attenuation ranging from-190 to -30 HU to exclude non-adipose tissue. The CT attenuation of ROI excluding non-adipose were measured and histogram analysis was performed. The obtained parameters included the mean value, median value and the 5th, 10th, 45th, 55th, 70th and 95th percentiles. The differences in histogram parameters between the two groups were compared, and then the value of each parameter in differentiating acute coronary syndrome and stable coronary artery disease was evaluated based on receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. The stepwise regression of multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the useful features and establish the final prediction model. The ROC curve of the final model was calculated and its value was analyzed.Results:The mean, median and the 5th, 10th, 45th, 55th,70th and 95th percentile differences between the acute coronary syndrome group and the stable coronary artery disease group were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The ROC curve for the median and the 95th percentile had the same area under curve (AUC) of 0.73. The sensitivity, specificity and AUC of the diagnostic model established by multiple logistic regression were 82.1%, 89.1% and 0.90 respectively. Conclusion:CT attenuation histogram of pericoronary adipose tissue is of high value in differentiating acute coronary syndrome from stable coronary artery disease.

9.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 392-394,483, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696824

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the imaging features of several rare primary renal tumors.Methods The CT and MR images of 1 3 cases with pathologically proved rare primary renal tumors were analyzed retrospectively.The imaging features including location, number,size,shape,margin,density or intensity,internal structures and pattern of enhancement were observed.Results Of the 13 cases,4 were primary renal lymphoma (PRL),which performed as renal hilar mass involving the renal parenchyma in 3 cases and multiple nodules at bilateral kidney in 1 case.3 were hemanyiopericytoma (HA),which located in the renal parenchyma in 1 case and protruded from renal surface in 2 cases.All the HA showed obvious enhancement,with small vessels within the tumor in 2 cases.Two cases of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT)were mainly located in renal sinus,among which the renal parenchyma was involved in 1 case. One case with adult Wilms tumor showed mixed heterogeneous signal intensity in both T1-and T2-weighted images,indicating intratumoral hemorrhage.One case of neuroendocrine tumor was located in the renal parenchyma with ipsilateral adrenal and regional lymph node metastasis. One case of metanephric adenoma (MA)demonstrated as renal parenchymal mass with slightly enhancement.One case of meoblastic nephroma (MN)showed as a heterogeneous mass with continuous enhancement.Conclusion The imaging features of rare primary renal tumors are characteristical.It is important to analyze the imaging characteristics carefully in order to improve the diagnostic accuracy.

10.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1107-1111, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616306

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the image quality of coronary CT angiography(CCTA) by using high-pitch spiral CT under 80 kV in patients with a normal body mass index(BMI), and to investigate the feasibility of low radiation dose.Methods 60 patients,who suspicious coronary artery diseases and BMI between 18.6-25.0 kg/m2 underwent CCTA in our hospital.All patients were randomly divided into group A and group B(each with 30).Patients in group A were given 100 kV CCTA and filter back-projection algorithm (FBP), and patients in group B were given 80 kV CCTA and iterative reconstruction(IR).CT values of aortic root, right coronary artery (RCA), left anterior descending artery (LAD), left circumflex (LCX) and standard deviation (SD) were measured.Then signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were calculated.All images were given quality subjective scoring by using 3-score method.The CT dose index was recorded and effective radiation dose (ED) was calculated.Results ED of group A and group B was 0.8 mSv and 0.41 mSv, respectively.Statistically significant difference was found between these two groups.In the study, SD was (28±6) HU in group A and (46±9) HU in group B, and the difference was statistically significant between the two groups.The CT values of aortic root, RCA, LAD and LCX under 80 kV were significantly increased, and the difference was statistically significant between the two groups.There was no statistically significant difference between two groups in RCA-SNR, LAD-SNR and RCA-CNR.But in LCX-SNR, LAD-CNR, LCX-CNR, there was statistically significant difference between two groups.There was no significant difference between the two groups in coronary artery segments which could be used for diagnosis.Conclusion For patients with a normal BMI, CCTA using Flash spiral CT under 80 kV could diagnose coronary artery disease and significantly reduce the radiation dose.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614599

ABSTRACT

Purpose To analyze the correlation of right subclavian artery ultrasound and individual blood lipid level with coronary atherosclerosis (CA) using carotid ultrasound as control so as to explore the clinical value of them in predicting CA.Materials and Methods Coronary CT angiography (CCTA) and right subclavian artery/neck vessel ultrasound in 55 patients were retrospectively analyzed.Gensini score was used to calculate the degree of coronary artery lesions.According to the result of CCTA,patients were divided into normal group,mild coronary atherosclerosis group,severe coronary artery stenosis group.The intina-media thickness (IMT) at the origin of right subclavian artery and carotid artery bifurcation on ultrasound was measured to evaluate carotid lesions.The correlation between the IMT and Gensini score of coronary artery was analyzed.The blood lipid levels of the 3 groups were analyzed,and the efficacy of right subclavian artery,carotid artery ultrasound and blood lipid in predicting CA was evaluated.Results ① The IMT at right subclavian artery and carotid artery bifurcation were positively correlated with Gensini score,and the former had higher correlation than the latter (r=0.636,r=0.462,P<0.01);the prediction efficacy of the IMT at right subclavian artery was slightly higher than that at carotid artery bifurcation (with sensitivity and specificity of 78.3%,64.5%,and 77.5%,60.0% respectively).② Compared with normal control group,the levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol,triglycerides,total cholesterol were higher,but the level of highdensity lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was lower in mild coronary atherosclerosis and severe coronary artery stenosis group,and the difference between the severe coronary artery stenosis group and normal groups was bigger,among which the level of triglycerides had the largest difference among the three groups with no statistical significance (P>0.05).The HDL-C had a more significant correlation with Gensini score than other index of blood lipid (r=-0.151).③ The combination of IMT and HDL-C had a sensitivity of 81.0% and specificity of 66.7% in predicting CA,which were higher than that of each individual index (with sensitivity of 78.3%,64.5% and specificity of 64.3%,55.5%respectively).Conclusion The IMT at right subclavian artery has a better predictive value in determining the degree of coronary artery lesions than that at carotid artery bifurcation.The combined application of blood lipid levels and the IMT at right subclavian artery can improve the sensitivity and specificity of predicting CA.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 756-760, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662214

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application value of spectral CT quantitative analysis in differentiating adenocarcinoma or squamous carcinoma from inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT). Methods A total of 115 patients with 62 adenocarcinomas, 33 squamous carcinomas and 20 IMTs underwent spectral CT scans to obtain spectral images at arterial phase (AP) and venous phase (VP). The imaging data were analyzed retrospectively. The iodine concentration of adenocarcinoma, squamous carcinomas and IMT were measured. The normalized iodine concentration in AP (NICAP), normalized iodine concentration in VP (NICVP) and normalized iodine concentration difference between AP and VP (ICD) were calculated. The above quantitative parameters among three groups were analyzed with analysis of variance and ROC curve. Results NICAP (0.15 ± 0.04), NICVP (0.37 ± 0.08) and ICD(0.23 ± 0.06)of the adenocarcinoma were lower than those of IMT (0.21 ± 0.05,0.50 ± 0.06,0.28 ± 0.08). There were significant differences in NICAP, NICVP and ICD between adenocarcinoma and IMT (P<0.05). NICAP (0.13 ± 0.03), NICVP (0.35±0.06) and ICD (0.22±0.05) of the squamous carcinoma were lower than those of IMT (0.21± 0.05,0.50±0.06,0.28±0.08). The differences in NICAP, NICVP and ICD were significant between squamous carcinoma and IMT (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in NICAP, NICVP and ICD between adenocarcinoma and squamous carcinoma (P>0.05). The best spectral quantitative parameter for differentiating the adenocarcinoma from IMT was NICVP, which yielded a sensitivity of 92.3% and a specificity of 86.7%with the threshold of 0.425. NICVP was also the best spectral quantitative parameter for differentiating squamous carcinomas from IMT. With the threshold of 0.44, a sensitivity of 84.6% and a specificity of 92.3% were found. Conclusion Spectral CT imaging with the quantitative iodine concentration analysis may help to increase the accuracy of differentiating adenocarcinoma and squamous carcinoma from IMT.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 756-760, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659586

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application value of spectral CT quantitative analysis in differentiating adenocarcinoma or squamous carcinoma from inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT). Methods A total of 115 patients with 62 adenocarcinomas, 33 squamous carcinomas and 20 IMTs underwent spectral CT scans to obtain spectral images at arterial phase (AP) and venous phase (VP). The imaging data were analyzed retrospectively. The iodine concentration of adenocarcinoma, squamous carcinomas and IMT were measured. The normalized iodine concentration in AP (NICAP), normalized iodine concentration in VP (NICVP) and normalized iodine concentration difference between AP and VP (ICD) were calculated. The above quantitative parameters among three groups were analyzed with analysis of variance and ROC curve. Results NICAP (0.15 ± 0.04), NICVP (0.37 ± 0.08) and ICD(0.23 ± 0.06)of the adenocarcinoma were lower than those of IMT (0.21 ± 0.05,0.50 ± 0.06,0.28 ± 0.08). There were significant differences in NICAP, NICVP and ICD between adenocarcinoma and IMT (P<0.05). NICAP (0.13 ± 0.03), NICVP (0.35±0.06) and ICD (0.22±0.05) of the squamous carcinoma were lower than those of IMT (0.21± 0.05,0.50±0.06,0.28±0.08). The differences in NICAP, NICVP and ICD were significant between squamous carcinoma and IMT (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in NICAP, NICVP and ICD between adenocarcinoma and squamous carcinoma (P>0.05). The best spectral quantitative parameter for differentiating the adenocarcinoma from IMT was NICVP, which yielded a sensitivity of 92.3% and a specificity of 86.7%with the threshold of 0.425. NICVP was also the best spectral quantitative parameter for differentiating squamous carcinomas from IMT. With the threshold of 0.44, a sensitivity of 84.6% and a specificity of 92.3% were found. Conclusion Spectral CT imaging with the quantitative iodine concentration analysis may help to increase the accuracy of differentiating adenocarcinoma and squamous carcinoma from IMT.

14.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1773-1777, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696736

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility of high-pitch spiral coronary CT angiography (CCTA) under low tube voltage and low contrast agent concentration for the patients with normal body mass index (BMI).Methods Ninety patients suspected with coronary artery diseases and with BMI of 18.6-25 kg/m2 underwent high-pitch CCTA and were randomly divided into three groups (each=30).Group A used iohexol (350 mg I/mL) 60 mL;Group B used iopromide (300 mg I/mL) 60 mL;Group C used iopromide (300 mg I/mL) 45 mL.All of them were scanned under Flash spiral pattern with 80 kV tube voltage,and the original data was calculated with sinogram affirmed iterative reconstruction algorithm(SAFIR).CT values and noises of the aorta root,right coronary artery (RCA),left anterior descending artery (LAD),and left circumflex (LCX) were measured,then signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were calculated.All of images were subjectively assessed by using 3-score method.The effective radiation dose (ED) and total iodine were recorded.Results ED of the three groups were all about 0.4 mSv,and there was no statistically significant.Compared with group A,the total iodine in group C decreased by 35.6 % and there was significant difference.There were no significant differences in image noise,SNR and CNR between group A and group B.Between group B and group C,there were significant differences in CT values of coronary,LCX-SNR and LCX-CNR,but there were no significant differences in image noise,SNR and CNR of RCA and LAD.There was no significant difference in the number of coronary artery segments for diagnosis among the three groups.Conclusion For the patients with normal BMI,application of high-pitch spiral CCTA with iopromide (300 mg I/mL)45 mL under 80 kV tube voltage could meet the requirement for clinical diagnosis,and the radiation dose and total iodine were significantly decreased.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600587

ABSTRACT

Purpose To compare radiation dose and image quality of different scan modes for CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) including high-pitch flash mode, dual energy CT (DECT) mode, 128-slice mode of dual source CT and 64-slice CT mode. Materials and Methods One hundred and sixty-seven patients with suspected pulmonary embolism were retrospectively studied. All the patients underwent CTPA. Twenty patients were selected randomly from the patients scanned by high-pitch flash mode. Patients who were scanned by the other three modes were selected with body mass index and age matched those in high-pitch flash mode, with 20 patients in each group. Two radiologists assessed signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and image quality with 5-piont scale. Dose parameters of volume CT dose index (CTDIvol), dose length product (DLP), and effective dose (ED) were compared among the four groups. Results Mean CTDIvol, DLP and ED were (3.72±0.74) mGy, (137.5±28.7) mGy · cm, and (2.34±0.41) mSv for Flash mode;(5.31±1.21) mGy, (181.6±34.5) mGy· cm and (3.24±0.57) mSv for DECT mode;(5.66±1.47) mGy, (198.7±42.1) mGy·cm and (3.58±0.63) mSv for 128-CT mode;and (6.75±1.68) mGy, (231.5±54.2) mGy·cm and (4.21±0.89) mSv for 64-CT mode. There was no significant difference of SNR and image quality among the four modes (P>0.05). Conclusion There are no significant difference of image quality among the four groups. Flash mode allows for minimum radiation dose compared to other modes. DECT mode and 128-CT mode get higher radiation dose with no difference between them. 64-CT mode gets the highest radiation dose.

16.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 25-28, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248415

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore whether miR-200b suppresses tumor cell invasion by targeting PROM1, thus to reveal the molecular mechanism that miR-200b functions as a tumor suppressor in glioma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PROM1 3'UTR-luciferase vector was constructed and dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was employed to examine the effect of miR-200b on luciferase activity. Human glioblastoma U87 cells were transfected with miR-200b mimics, and next qRT-PCR and Western blotting were performed to detect the expressions of PROM1 mRNA and protein. The effect of PROM1 down-regulation on invasion was observed after PROM1 siRNA were transfected into U87 cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The miR-200b bound to the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of PROM1 and inhibited the luciferase activity. Its luciferase activity was down-regulated by 57.0% (P < 0.01). PROM1 protein and mRNA expressions were significantly down-regulated when miR-200b was overexpressed in the U87 cells (P < 0.05). siRNA-mediated down-regulation of PROM1 suppressed the potential of cell invasion. The invasion ability of SKOV3 cells after transfection with siRNA-PROM1 was significantly lower than that in the negative control cells (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>miR-200b may suppress cell invasion by targeting PROM1 in glioma.</p>


Subject(s)
3' Untranslated Regions , AC133 Antigen , Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Down-Regulation , Genes, Reporter , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , Genetic Vectors , Glioblastoma , Genetics , Metabolism , Glycoproteins , Metabolism , Humans , Luciferases , MicroRNAs , Metabolism , Peptides , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , RNA, Small Interfering , Transfection
17.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 587-590, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461511

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the imaging features of primary hepatic neuroendocrine carcinoma.Methods The imaging features of primary hepatic neuroendocrine carcinoma confirmed by pathology in 5 patients were reviewed retrospectively.Among the patients,plain and contrast enhanced CT in 4 and plain and contrast enhanced MRI in 1 were performed.Results CT showed a single lesion in 2 patients and multiple lesions in other 2 with the maximum diameter of 5.5 cm-10 cm.On plain CT,all lesions were hy-podensity with clear boundary and lower area in the center.The enhanced CT showed the lesions with obvious enhancement in arteri-al phase and gradually increasing enhanced area in portal vein and delayed phases but without enhancement in the lesion center.MRI showed the only one lesion in 1 patient with heterogenerous hypointensity on T1 WI,hyperintersity on T2 WI and DWI,and with mild to moderate delayed enhancement.The maximum diameter of the lesion was 5.0 cm,accompanied by a small round cystic structure at the periphery.The compression and displacement of peripheral blood vessels by the lesion without thrombus,and no lymphade-nopathy were also identified.Conclusion CT and MRI may show the imaging characteristics of the primary hepatic neuroendocrine carcinoma,which is helpful for the diagnosis of the tumor.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444331

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility of low dose CT perfusion imaging of brain using the tube voltage of 70 kV.Methods Twenty New Zealand white rabbits underwent cerebral CT perfusion imaging with tube voltage 70 and 80 kV separately,and the interval between two scans was 24 h.The effective dosage (E),cerebral perfusion parameters (CBF,CBV,MTT) and image quality indicator (SNR) of middle cerebral artery of each protocol were acquired and compared statistically.Results The effective dosage of70 kV group was 1.91 mSv,34.8% lower than that of 80 kV group with the dose of 2.93 mSv.There were no significant differences between the cerebral perfusion parameters acquired at different corresponding ROI.SNR of 70 kV group and 80 kV group were (23.15 ± 5.98) and (21.23 ±9.18) with no significantly statistical difference.Conclusions The effective dosage of 70 kV cerebral CT perfusion imaging could be dramatically reduced with no significant influence on the results of perfusion parameters and image quality.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 218-224, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318009

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Statin therapy has affected glucose homoeostasis of type 2 diabetes patients, which could be related with bile acids metabolism. Whether bile acid metabolism and the expression of farnesoid X receptor (FXR), liver X receptor-α (LXR-α) and sterol regulatory element-binding protein (Srebp)-1c is regulated by hyperglycemia, or whether simvastatin therapy led to higher glucose is related with down-regulated expression of FXR in diabetic rats remained unclear.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: normal control rats, insulin resistance rats, diabetic model rats, and the late simvastatin induced diabetic rats. Normal control rats were fed with standard diet, others were fed with high-fat diet. Diabetic model rats were induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ). The late simvastatin induced diabetic rats started simvastatin administration after STZ induced diabetic model rats. Characteristics of fasting blood glucose (FPG), lipid files and total bile acids (TBAs) were measured and the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed after overnight fasting at the eighth weekend. RNA and protein levels of FXR, LXR-α and Srebp-1c were tested by Western blotting and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The insulin resistance rats showed higher glucose, lipid files and lower expression of FXR compared with normal control rats (P > 0.05). The diabetic model rats showed significantly higher glucose, lipid files, TBA and lower expression of FXR compared with insulin resistance rats (P < 0.05). The late simvastatin induced diabetic rats displayed higher glucose and TBA and lower expression of FXR compared with diabetic model rats (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Changes in bile acid homeostasis, including the alterations of bile acid levels and bile acid receptors, are either a cause or a consequence of the metabolic disturbances observed during diabetic models. Statin therapy induced hyperglycemia may be related with FXR, SHP, LXR-α and Srebp-1 pathways.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Glucose , Metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Glucose Tolerance Test , Homeostasis , Insulin Resistance , Physiology , Liver X Receptors , Male , Orphan Nuclear Receptors , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear , Metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Simvastatin , Therapeutic Uses , Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1 , Metabolism
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209690

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To describe the MRI findings in ten patients of spinal epidural angiolipoma for differentiated diagnosis presurgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten surgically proved cases of spinal epidural angiolipomas were retrospectively reviewed, and the lesion was classified according to the MR findings. RESULTS: Ten tumors were located in the superior (n = 4), middle (n = 2), or inferior (n = 4) thoracic level. The mass, with the spindle shape, was located in the posterior epidural space and extended parallel to the long axis of the spine. All lesions contained a fat and vascular element. The vascular content, correlating with the presence of hypointense regions on T1-weighted imaging (T1WI) and hyperintense signals on T2-weighted imaging, had marked enhancement. However, there were no flow void signs on MR images. All tumors were divided into two types based on the MR features. In type 1 (n = 3), the mass was predominantly composed of lipomatous tissue (> 50%) and contained only a few small angiomatous regions, which had a trabeculated or mottled appear. In type 2 (n = 7), the mass, however, was predominantly composed of vascular components (> 50%), which presented as large foci in the center of the mass. CONCLUSION: Most spinal epidural angiolipomas exhibit hyperintensity on T1WI while the hypointense region on the noncontrast T1WI indicates to be vascular, which manifests an obvious enhancement with gadolinium administration.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Angiolipoma/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Epidural Neoplasms/diagnosis , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Laminectomy/methods , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Thoracic Vertebrae , Young Adult
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