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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885069

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of spinal mammlian target of rapamycin (mTOR)/ribosomal S6 kinase 1 (S6K1)/glioma associated oncogene homolog 1 (Gli1) signaling pathway in chronic morphine tolerance in mice.Methods:Healthy male Kunming mice, aged 8-10 weeks, weighing 23-25 g, were used in the study.The experiment was performed in two parts.Experiment I Fifty mice were randomly assigned into 2 groups: normal saline group (group S, n=10) and morphine group (group M, n=40). In M and S groups, morphine and normal saline 10 mg/kg were injected subcutaneously, respectively, twice a day for 7 consecutive days.The thermal pain threshold (TPT) was measured and the maximum analgesic effect percentage (MPE) was calculated at 1 day before administration and 30 min after the last administration every day.Ten mice in each group were randomly selected and sacrificed after measurement of TPT at 1, 3, 5 and 7 days after administration in group M and after the last measurement of TPT in group S, and the lumbar segment (L 4-6) of the spinal cord was removed.Experiment Ⅱ Forty mice were randomly divided into 4 groups ( n=10 each): KU-0063794+ morphine group (group KU+ M), dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)+ morphine group (group DM+ M), morphine+ KU-0063794 group (group M+ KU) and morphine + DMSO group (group M+ DM). Morphine 10 mg/kg was injected subcutaneously twice a day for 7 consecutive days in 4 groups.At 1-3 days of morphine injection, mTOR specific inhibitor KU-0063794 200μl (1 μg/μl) and 10% DMSO 200 μl was injected intraperitoneally in KU+ M group and DM+ M group at 30 min before administration twice a day.At 5-7 days of morphine injection, KU-0063794 200μl (1 μg/μl) or 10% DMSO 200 μl was injected intraperitoneally in group M+ KU or group M+ DM at 30min before administration, respectively, twice a day.TPT was measured and MPE was calculated at 1 day before morphine injection and at 30 min after the last administration every day.The animals were sacrificed after the last measurement of TPT, and the lumbar segment (L 4-6) of the spinal cord was removed for determination of the expression of spinal mTOR, phosphorylated mTOR (p-mTOR), S6K1, phosphorylated S6K1 (p-S6K1) and Gli1 (using Western blot). Results:Experiment Ⅰ Compared with group S, MPE was significantly increased at each time point after administration at 3, 5 and 7 days after administration, expression of spinal p-mTOR, p-S6K1 and Gli1 was significantly down-regulated ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in mTOR and S6K1 in group M ( P>0.05). Experiment Ⅱ Compared with group DM+ M, MPE was significantly decreased at 3-7 days after morphine injection, expression of p-mTOR, p-S6K1 and Gli1 in spinal cord was down-regulated ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in expression of mTOR and S6K1 in group KU+ M ( P>0.05). Compared with group M+ DM, MPE was significantly increased at 6-7 days after morphine injection, expression of p-mTOR, p-S6K1 and Gli1 in spinal cord was down-regulated ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in mTOR and S6K1 in group M+ KU ( P>0.05). Conclution:Spinal mTOR/S6K1/Gli1 signaling pathway is involved in the development and maintenance of chronic morphine tolerance in mice.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880084

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and treatment effects of children with acute megakaryoblastic leukemia without down syndrome (non-DS-AMKL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 19 children with non-DS-AMKL treated in the Pediatric Hematology Ward in Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from May 2008 to April 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical characteristics, laboratory test and treatment methods of the children were concluded. All patients were followed up to evaluate the effect of treatment.@*RESULTS@#The 19 cases of children included nine male and ten female, the median age of onset was 2 years old. The clinical manifestations showed nonspecific. The median white blood cell of peripheral blood was 15.88×10@*CONCLUSION@#Non-DS-AMKL was rare in children and difficult to be diagnosed. Determination of MICM classification as early as possible was helpful for diagnosis, and genetic testing played an important role for diagnosis and prognosis evaluation. Early hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with CR after chemotherapy might be an effective way to cure AMKL.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , DEAD-box RNA Helicases , DNA Helicases , Down Syndrome , Female , Humans , Leukemia, Megakaryoblastic, Acute/genetics , Male , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Trisomy
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869951

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of spinal Rac1 signaling pathway in the maintenance of bone cancer pain (BCP) in rats.Methods:Sixty-four clean-grade adult female Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 8-10 weeks, weighing 180-200 g, were divided into 4 groups using a random number table method: sham operation group (group S, n=8), BCP group ( n=40), BCP plus normal saline group (group BCP+ Veh, n=8), and BCP plus NSC23766 group (group BCP+ NSC, n=8). BCP was induced by injecting Walker 256 mammary gland cancer cell suspension 5 μl (1×10 5 cells/μl) into the bone marrow of the right tibia of rats in BCP, BCP+ Veh and BCP+ NSC groups, while the equal volume of inactivated tumor cells were injected in group S. On 9-11 days after BCP, specific Rac1 inhibitor NSC23766 (5 μg/5 μl) was intrathecally injected once a day in group BCP+ NSC, and the equal volume of normal saline (5 μl) was given once a day in group BCP+ Veh.The mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) was measured at 1 day before BCP (T 0) and 3, 5, 7, 14 and 21 days after BCP (T 1-5). Eight rats in each group were sacrificed after measurement of MWT at each time point in BCP group or after the last measurement of MWT in S, BCP+ Veh and BCP+ NSC groups, and the lumbar segment (L 4-6) of the spinal cord was removed for determination of the expression of Rac1 signaling pathway-related proteins Rac1, GTP-Rac1, PAK1 and p-PAK1 using Western blot. Results:Compared with group S, MWT was significantly decreased at T 3-5 in BCP, BCP+ Veh and BCP+ NSC groups, and the expression of GTP-Rac1 and p-PAK1 was up-regulated at T 3-5 in group BCP ( P<0.05). Compared with group BCP+ Veh, MWT was significantly increased at T 4, 5, and the expression of GTP-Rac1 and p-PAK1 was down-regulated in group BCP+ NSC ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Spinal Rac1 signaling pathway is involved in the maintenance of BCP in rats.

4.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 422-426, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867551

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and effect of the operation of the upper sternum small incision assisted by normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass in the treatment of aortic valve disease.Methods:From March 2014 to June 2016, the clinical data of 25 patients who underwent single incision minimally invasive aortic valve replacement assisted by normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass in The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University and 25 patients who underwent aortic valve replacement under hypothermia cardiopulmonary bypass were analyzed retrospectively.The former was used as minimally invasive surgery group, and the sternum was sawn in " J" shape through a small incision on the upper sternum.In the latter group, aortic valve replacement was performed under cardiopulmonary bypass.The operation effect and complications of the two groups were compared.Results:There was no death in the two groups.There was no significant difference in operation time between minimally invasive surgery group and routine operation group ( P>0.05). The time of aortic occlusion and cardiopulmonary bypass in minimally invasive surgery group ((50.0±6.8), (69.5±9.7) min) was longer than those in routine operation group ((45.8±7.2), (65.0±8.8) min), the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.120, 2.052, all P<0.05). In the minimally invasive operation group, red cell volume, plasma volume, intraoperative bleeding volume, incision length, postoperative 24-h drainage volume, postoperative 24-h leukocyte count, postoperative 24-h C-reactive protein concentration, postoperative 24-h total blood transfusion volume, ventilator-assisted time, ICU stay time and drainage tube retention time(85.1(42.3, 181.3) ml, 108.5(79.4, 173.8) ml, 186.4(132.6, 307.6) ml, (4.2±0.8) cm, 130.0(88.1, 224.3) ml, 14.2(9.8, 17.1)×10 9/L, 14.0(9.9, 23.2) mg/L, 186.6(135.3, 302.1) ml, 3.7(2.3, 6.8) h, 25.2(20.6, 35.6) h, 31.2(26.4, 41.9) h) were lower than those in the routine operation group (354.2(150.2, 507.2) ml, 211.9(119.2, 281.5) ml, 378.4(220.9, 496.5) ml, (13.8±6.5) cm, 365.8(171.8, 511.3) ml, 20.4(13.6, 24.7)×10 9/L, 28.6(14.4, 39.3) mg/L, 405.1(185.3, 570.1) ml, 7.7(4.2, 10.2) h, 52.8(30.8, 69.3) h, 57.2(37.6, 71.9) h), the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ((the statistical values were Z=3.393, 2.696, 2.781, t=7.329, Z=3.151, 2.638, 2.493, 2.597, 2.472, 3.254, 3.338, respectively; all P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the minimally invasive operation group and the routine operation group( P>0.05). The total incidence of postoperative complications in the minimally invasive operation group and the routine operation group was (12% (3/25) and 44% (11/25)), the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.025). Conclusion:CPB with normal temperature has the advantages of less trauma, fewer complications and faster recovery in the operation of single incision in the upper part of sternum.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805812

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effect of multidisciplinary cooperative pain management on the rapid recovery of patients with total hip and total knee arthroplasty.@*Methods@#A total of 120 patients, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, aged 20-64 yr, with body mass index of 18-25 kg/m2, were divided into 2 groups using a random number table method: test group (group T, n=66) and control group (group C, n=54). Multidisciplinary cooperative pain management mode was adopted for pain management in the perioperative period in group T, while traditional pain management was used in group C. Numeric rating scale scores were recorded at 4 h and 1, 2, 3 and 7 days after surgery and on discharge from hospital.The postoperative joint recovery time, length of hospital stay and satisfaction were recorded in two groups.@*Results@#Compared with group C, the numeric rating scale scores were significantly decreased at 4 h and 1, 2, 3 and 7 days after surgery and on discharge from hospital, the postoperative joint recovery time and length of hospitalization were shortened, and the degree of satisfaction was increased in group T (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Multidisciplinary cooperative pain management can effectively promote the rapid recovery of patients with total hip and total knee replacement.

6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 863-873, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781388

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the inhibitory effect and the underlying mechanism of ethacrynic acid (EA) on the contraction in mice. BL-420S force measuring system was used to measure the tension of mouse tracheal rings. The whole cell patch clamp technique was utilized to record the channel currents of airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells. The calcium imaging system was used to determine the intracellular Ca concentration ([Ca]) in ASM cells. The results showed that EA significantly inhibited the high K (80 mmol/L) and acetylcholine (ACh, 100 µmol/L)-induced contraction of mouse tracheal rings in a dose-dependent manner. The maximal relaxation percentages were (97.02 ± 1.56)% and (85.21 ± 0.03)%, and the median effective concentrations were (40.28 ± 2.20) μmol/L and (56.22 ± 7.62) μmol/L, respectively. EA decreased the K and ACh-induced elevation of [Ca] from 0.40 ± 0.04 to 0.16 ± 0.01 and from 0.50 ± 0.01 to 0.39 ± 0.01, respectively. In addition, EA inhibited L-type voltage-dependent calcium channel (LVDCC) and store-operated calcium channel (SOCC) currents in ASM cells, and Ca influx. Moreover, EA decreased the resistance of the respiratory system (Rrs) in vivo in mice. These results indicated that EA inhibits LVDCC and SOCC, which results in termination of Ca influx and decreases of [Ca], leading to relaxation of ASM. Taken together, EA might be a potential bronchodilator.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium , Metabolism , Calcium Channels, L-Type , Enzyme Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Ethacrynic Acid , Pharmacology , Mice , Muscle Contraction , Muscle, Smooth , Respiratory System , Cell Biology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824622

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of multidisciplinary cooperative pain management on the rapid recovery of patients with total hip and total knee arthroplasty.Methods A total of 120 patients,of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ,aged 20-64 yr,with body mass index of 18-25 kg/m2,were divided into 2 groups using a random number table method:test group (group T,n=66) and control group (group C,n=54).Multidisciplinary cooperative pain management mode was adopted for pain management in the perioperative period in group T,while traditional pain management was used in group C.Numeric rating scale scores were recorded at 4 h and 1,2,3 and 7 days after surgery and on discharge from hospital.The postoperative joint recovery time,length of hospital stay and satisfaction were recorded in two groups.Results Compared with group C,the numeric rating scale scores were significantly decreased at 4 h and 1,2,3 and 7 days after surgery and on discharge from hospital,the postoperative joint recovery time and length of hospitalization were shortened,and the degree of satisfaction was increased in group T (P<0.05).Conclusion Multidisciplinary cooperative pain management can effectively promote the rapid recovery of patients with total hip and total knee replacement.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774202

ABSTRACT

The motor nervous system transmits motion control information through nervous oscillations, which causes the synchronous oscillatory activity of the corresponding muscle to reflect the motion response information and give the cerebral cortex feedback, so that it can sense the state of the limbs. This synchronous oscillatory activity can reflect connectivity information of electroencephalography-electromyography (EEG-EMG) functional coupling. The strength of the coupling is determined by various factors including the strength of muscle contraction, attention, motion intention etc. It is very significant to study motor functional evaluation and control methods to analyze the changes of EEG-EMG synchronous coupling caused by different factors. This article mainly introduces and compares coherence and Granger causality of linear methods, the mutual information and transfer entropy of nonlinear methods in EEG-EMG synchronous coupling, and summarizes the application of each method, so that researchers in related fields can understand the current research progress on analysis methods of EEG-EMG synchronous systematically.


Subject(s)
Electroencephalography , Electromyography , Humans , Motor Cortex , Physiology , Muscle, Skeletal , Physiology , Research
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699659

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the removal efficiency of γδT cells between cornea and ear skin and develop an alternative method for dynamic monitoring of γδT cells in mouse cornea in vivo using 2-photon laser scanning microscopy.Methods The γδT cells in mouse ear skin were monitored before and after antibody neutralization,and the mice corneas were excised and stained for counting γδT cells at 6 h,12 h,24 h after antibody neutralization by using 2-photon laser scanning microscopy,followed by comparison of the removal efficiency of γδT cells between the cornea and ear skin.Results The γδT cells in normal mouse cornea were often distributed in the limbal epithelium and superficial stromal layer.The irregular morphology of γδT cells in the epithelial layer was often accompanied by protuberances,while the stromal γδT cells were mostly round or oval and the number of cells was approximately 27 ± 4.After antibody neutralization,the number of γδT cells in the cornea of mice gradually decreased,and the number of cells at 6 h,12 h and 24 h was significantly lower than that of before depletion (P =0.03,0.00,0.00),and the removal efficiencies were 48%,78%,and 96%,respectively.The γδT cells in ear skin of the normal mice were ellipse or stellate with cell processes and they were located in epidermal layer,and the cell number was about 60 ± 9.After antibody neutralization,the number of γδT cells were significantly reduced at 6 h,12 h and 24 h compared with before depletion (P =0.000,0.000,0.000) and the removal efficiency were 43%,72% and 95%,respectively.Conclusion The number of γδT cells in the cornea and ear skin is gradually decreased after antibody neutralization,and their removal efficiency is consistent with time.Therefore,monitoring the γδT cells in the mouse ear skin is an ideal alternative to dynamically monitoring the changes in the number of γδT cells in the cornea in vivo.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695586

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of thymidylate synthase (TS) in breast cancer and its relationship with fluorouracil sensibility and patients' prognosis.Methods TS expression in 80 cases of breast cancer was measured by RT-QPCR.The chemotherapy (CAF) was given.Relationship between TS and fluorouracil sensibility was studied,as well as the relation between TS expression and prognosis of breast cancer.Result Positive expression of TS gene was detected by Q-PCR 1n 27.5% of the breast cancer specimens.The expression of TS had no relation with age,lymphatic metastasis,histological grade or clinical stage,while it was obviously correlated with HER2 (P<0.01).The expression of TS had negative correlation with the antitumor effect of fluorouracil.The five-year survival rate of TS positive patients was lower than that of TS negative patients (P<0.01).Conclusions Breast cancer patients with low expression of TS may benefit from fluorouracil.TS can be used as a molecule marker for predicting efficacy of breast cancer chemotherapy.

11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1447-1452, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689915

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the relationship of Blimp-1 hypoexpression with abnormality of Treg level and pathogenesis of aplastic anemia (AA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The mouse model with AA was established by adminis tration of IFN-γ combined with busulfan. The samples were collected at different day establishing AA model, and the spleen Treg number was detected, the Treg cells were sorted and expression level of prdm-1 was detected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The number of Tregs in mice with AA was lower than that in control mice, moreover, the level of Treg decrease positively correlated with the AA severity (r=0.805), the higher the expression level of prdm-1, the higher the ratio of Treg/lymphocytes, showing positive correlation between them (r=0.548).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Blimp-1 expression may promote the proliferation and differentiation of Treg. The hypoexpression of Blimp-1 mediates the pathogenesis of AA and promotes progression of AA through reducing the proliferation of Treg, and decreacing the number of Treg.</p>

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1639-1644, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688065

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Whether there is a relationship between glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is still under debate. The aim of our study was to determine whether the GFR level is a predictor of HT in AIS patients without thrombolytic therapy (TT).</p><p><b>Methods</b>Consecutive AIS patients without TT were included in this prospective study from January 2014 to December 2016 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University. We divided them into two groups (HT and non-HT group) and meticulously collected baseline characteristics and laboratory and imaging data of interested individuals. Multivariate regression analysis was performed to assess the correlation between GFR and HT in stroke patients without TT.</p><p><b>Results</b>Among 426 consecutive patients, 74 (17.3%) presented HT (mean age: 65 ± 12 years, number of male patients: 47) on the follow-up scans. In multivariate regression analysis, HT was significantly associated with low GFR (odds ratio [OR] = 3.708, confidence interval [CI] = 1.326-10.693, P = 0.013), atrial fibrillation (AF; OR = 2.444, CI = 1.087-5.356, P = 0.027), large cerebral infarction (OR = 2.583, CI = 1.236-5.262, P = 0.010), and hypoalbuminemia (HA; OR = 4.814, CI = 1.054-22.153, P = 0.037) for AIS patients without TT.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>The present study strongly showed that lower GFR is an independently predictor of HT; in addition, large infarct volume, AF, and HA are also important risks of HT for AIS patients without TT, which offered a practical information that risk factors should be paid attention or eliminated to prevent HT for stroke patients though the level of evidence seems to be unstable.</p>

13.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 1227-1231, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663087

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the expression and effect of secreted frizzled-related protein 5 (sFRP5) in rat's cardiomyocyte hypertrophy in vitro. Methods: Neonatal rat's ventricular myocytes were cultured in vitro, cardiomyocyte hypertrophy was induced by Ang Ⅱ. Telmisartan and PD123319 were used to block angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1R) and angiotensin type 2 receptor (AT2R) respectively. RT-PCR and Western-blot analysis were conducted to examine the expressions of sFRP5, BNP and TNF-α. Results: sFRP5 was expressed in cardiomyocytes. The mRNA and protein expressions of sFRP5, protein expression of BNP were increased by prolonged time of AngⅡ treatment, the maximum expression was observed at 48 h, P<0.05. Compared with Ang Ⅱ (10-6mol/L) group, the mRNA and protein expressions of sFRP5 in Ang Ⅱ +Telmisartan (10 μmol/L) group were decreased, P<0.05, those expressions were similar in Ang Ⅱ +PD123319 (10 μmol/L) group, P>0.05. Compared with AngⅡ (10-6 mo1/L)+sFRP5 (0 ng/ml) group, protein expressions of BNP and TNF-α were decreased inAng Ⅱ (10-6 mo1/L)+sFRP5 (10 ng/ml) group and in Ang Ⅱ (10-6 mo1/L)+sFRP5 (100 ng/ml) group respectively, P<0.05. Conclusion: For in vitro process of Ang Ⅱ induced neonatal rat's cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, using Ang Ⅱ receptor could up-regulate sFRP5 expression and sFRP5 plays an important role in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy.

14.
Recent Advances in Ophthalmology ; (6): 970-972,975, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660244

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical outcomes of corneal collagen cross-linlIng (CLX) and laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for refractive error.Methods Together 100 patients (200 eyes) with myopia and/or astigmatism who underwent LASIK were admitted from December 2015 to January 2016,and divided into treatment group (50 patients,100 eyes),in which patient received CXL-LASIK,and control group (50 patients,100 eyes),in which the controls were given LASIK alone.Then the optical variables,including visual acuity,diopter,cornea endothelium cell counting,corneal transparency,corneal collagen cross-linking line,were examined and analyzed before operation and 1 week,1 month,3 months,6 months and 12 months after opera tion.Results As for postoperative time points,the uncorrected visual acuity after operation was better than the best corrected visual acuity before surgery in the two groups,but the differences in diopter between the two groups were statistically significant (all P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in diopter 1 month and 12 months postoperatively in the treatment group (t =0.021,P =0.070),while its difference in the control group 1 month and 12 months postoperatively(t =4.857,P =0.010).The differences of the cornea endothelium cell counting in the treatment group between before and after surgery were not statistically significant (F =1.163,P =0.327).Moreover,slightly opacification apPeared in anterior corneal stromal in the early stage after surgery in the treatment group,and the average thickness of corneal collagen cross-linking line was 210.00-340.00 (270.48 + 37.80) μm 1 month postoperatively,accounting for 63% of the central cornea thickness.There were not flap-related complications in the treatment group,but the control group had corneal flap wrinkle in 3 eyes and displacement in 1 eye in the controls.Conclusion Corneal collagen cross-linlIng and laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis for refractive error can obtain better outcomes,including sound uncorrected visual acuity and stable diopter after surgery,without the loss of the corneal endothelial cells.

15.
Recent Advances in Ophthalmology ; (6): 970-972,975, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657801

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical outcomes of corneal collagen cross-linlIng (CLX) and laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for refractive error.Methods Together 100 patients (200 eyes) with myopia and/or astigmatism who underwent LASIK were admitted from December 2015 to January 2016,and divided into treatment group (50 patients,100 eyes),in which patient received CXL-LASIK,and control group (50 patients,100 eyes),in which the controls were given LASIK alone.Then the optical variables,including visual acuity,diopter,cornea endothelium cell counting,corneal transparency,corneal collagen cross-linking line,were examined and analyzed before operation and 1 week,1 month,3 months,6 months and 12 months after opera tion.Results As for postoperative time points,the uncorrected visual acuity after operation was better than the best corrected visual acuity before surgery in the two groups,but the differences in diopter between the two groups were statistically significant (all P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in diopter 1 month and 12 months postoperatively in the treatment group (t =0.021,P =0.070),while its difference in the control group 1 month and 12 months postoperatively(t =4.857,P =0.010).The differences of the cornea endothelium cell counting in the treatment group between before and after surgery were not statistically significant (F =1.163,P =0.327).Moreover,slightly opacification apPeared in anterior corneal stromal in the early stage after surgery in the treatment group,and the average thickness of corneal collagen cross-linking line was 210.00-340.00 (270.48 + 37.80) μm 1 month postoperatively,accounting for 63% of the central cornea thickness.There were not flap-related complications in the treatment group,but the control group had corneal flap wrinkle in 3 eyes and displacement in 1 eye in the controls.Conclusion Corneal collagen cross-linlIng and laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis for refractive error can obtain better outcomes,including sound uncorrected visual acuity and stable diopter after surgery,without the loss of the corneal endothelial cells.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668327

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) are a kind of pluripotent stem cells in the bone marrow. Drug-containing serum treatment may be followed by a variation in the expression of genes involved in multiple signaling pathways. OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of compound Jiegu Tablets and Zhuanggu Tablets on the differentiation of BMSCs in vitro. METHODS: Sixty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into Jiegu group, Zhuanggu group, combined group and blank control group. Different drug-containing sera were prepared and used to culture BMSCs isolated from the rat bone marrow. RT-PCR and western blot assay were used to detect the expression of BMP-2, Runx2, VEGF and Akt at mRNA and protein levels, respectively, at 24 hours after culture.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Compared with the blank control group, the expression levels of Akt and VEGF mRNA and protein were significantly increased in the Jiegu group and combined group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), but showed no difference in the Zhuanggu group (P > 0.05). Compared with the blank control group, the expression levels of BMP-2 and Runx2 mRNA and protein were significantly increased in the Jiegu group (P < 0.05) and very significantly increased in the Zhuanggu group and combined group (P < 0.01). These findings indicate that compound Jiegu Tablets and Zhuanggu Tablets containing sera lead to synergistic effects on the BMSCs differentiation into vascular endothelial cells and osteoblasts in vitro.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667837

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the developmental toxicity of a new disinfectant trichloroiso-cyanuric acid (TCCA) on zebrafish embryos and larvae. METHODS Zebrafish embryos of 2 h post fertilization (hpf) were exposed to TCCA:①The embryos were exposed to a culture medium containing TCCA 0, 50, 100, 150, 200, 250 and 300 mg·L-1 for 48 h before 50%lethal concentration (LC50) was calcu-lated. ② The embryos were exposed to a culture medium containing TCCA 0, 10.4, 20.8 and 41.7 mg · L-1 for 96 h. The mortality, malformation rate and heart rate of embryos and larvae were measured at 48, 72 and 96 h after TCCA exposure. The expression of superoxide dismutase (SOD) was detected at 2, 4 and 6 h after TCCA exposure. The pathological changes in the head of zebrafish larvae were observed 7 d after exposure by HE staining. RESULTS LC50 of 48 h after TCCA exposure was 166.9 mg · L-1. Compared with normal control group, the mortality and malformation rate of zebrafish embryos were significantly increased (P<0.05) in TCCA 41.7 mg · L-1 group, but the heart rate was decreased significantly (P<0.05) in each dose of TCCA group at 96 h after TCCA exposure. At 72 h after TCCA exposure, the mortality rate of zebrafish embryos was significantly increased (P<0.05) in TCCA 41.7 mg·L-1 group, the malformation rate of zebrafish embryos was increased (P<0.05) and the heart rate of zebrafish embryos was decreased (P<0.05) in 20.8 and 41.7 mg · L-1 groups. At 48 h after TCCA exposure, the heart rate of zebrafish embryos was decreased significantly (P<0.05) in 41.7 mg · L-1 group. The SOD activity of zebrafish embryos in 20.8 and 41.7 mg · L-1 groups was significantly lower than that of control group (P<0.05). At 7 d after exposure, the brain and ocular space of larvae were enlarged and the ocular retina layers were not obvious in any dose of TCCA groups. CONCLUSION TCCA has toxic effect on zebrafish embryonic development, which can down-regulate SOD activity in the early developmental stage of embryos and damage the retina tissue of larvae.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665802

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of applying problem-based learning (PBL) and case-based learning (CBL) in the kinesiology experiments. Methods Totally 534-year program undergraduates of Nantong University Medical School were divided into control group (n=26) and experimental group (n=27). The control group received traditional teaching and the experimental group received PBL and CBL teaching. The teaching effect was evaluated by examination and questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS 19.0 and t test was used to compared the average scores of theory and questionnaire, α=0.05. Results The theoretical examination results (89.81 ±1.32) were better than the control group (84.82 ±1.75) (P=0.028). Meanwhile questionnaire survey showed that the experimental group students' evaluation of their teaching methods in promoting learning interest and initiative, combining theory with practice and teamwork con-sciousness were better than the control group students' evaluation of traditional teaching methods (P<0.05). Conclusion The teaching effect of integration of PBL and CBL teaching methods is better than traditional teaching in kinesiology experiments.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2489-2497, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248962

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To provide a comprehensive and latest overview of susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) in the application of thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke, and to update the decision-making effect and clinical value of SWI on identifying stroke patients suitable for thrombolytic therapy and possible benefits and risks followed.</p><p><b>DATA SOURCES</b>Literatures referred to this review were collected from PubMed, Medline, and EMBASE published till May 2017, using the search terms including susceptibility-weighted imaging, gradient-echo, T2*, thrombolysis, recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA), thrombolytic therapy, and stroke.</p><p><b>STUDY SELECTION</b>Papers in English or with available English abstracts were considered, with no limitation of study design. References were also identified from the bibliographies of identified articles and the authors' files.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>SWI is of guiding significance for thrombolytic therapy in stroke patients, it can predict the location and length of thrombus and ischemic penumbra. It is worthy of noting that susceptibility vessel sign (SVS) on SWI can be used to predict recanalization after thrombolytic therapy and whether it is better to implement endovascular thrombolectomy in combination or alone. SWI is sensitive in detecting cerebral microbleed (CMB), and CMB might not be a contraindication for thrombolytic therapy, yet CMBs in multiple foci could possibly be related to intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) after thrombolysis. SVS and CMB on SWI sequence are of instructive value in performing antiplatelet therapy after thrombolytic therapy. Cerebral venous change on SWI is related to lower recanalization rate and poor outcome after thrombolysis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>It seems that SWI can be applied to guide individualized thrombolytic therapies and assist clinicians in making better decisions by weighing benefits and risks. However, there still exist controversies about the relationship between signs on SWI and thrombolytic therapy.</p>

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2616-2623, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248940

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Parkinson's disease (PD) is featured with motor disorder and nonmotor manifestations including psychological symptoms, autonomic nervous system dysfunction, and paresthesia, which results in great inconvenience to the patients' life. The apolipoprotein (Apo) superfamily, as a group of potentially modifiable biomarkers in clinical practice, is of increasing significance in the diagnosis, evaluation, and prognosis of PD. The present review summarized the current understanding and emerging findings of the relationship between Apo superfamily and PD.</p><p><b>DATA SOURCES</b>All literatures were identified by systematically searching PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane electronic databases with terms "Parkinson disease," "apolipoprotein," and their synonyms until May 2017.</p><p><b>STUDY SELECTION</b>We have thoroughly examined titles and abstracts of all the literatures that met our search strategy and the full text if the research is identified or not so definite. Reference lists of retrieved articles were also scrutinized for additional relevant studies.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The levels of plasma ApoA1 are inversely correlated with the risk of PD and the lower levels of ApoA1 trend toward association with poorer motor performance. Higher ApoD expression in neurons represents more puissant protection against PD, which is critical in delaying the neurodegeneration process of PD. It is suggested that APOE alleles are related to development and progression of cognitive decline and age of PD onset, but conclusions are not completely identical, which may be attributed to different ApoE isoforms. APOJ gene expressions are upregulated in PD patients and it is possible that high ApoJ level is an indicator of PD dementia and correlates with specific phenotypic variations in PD.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The Apo superfamily has been proved to be closely involved in the initiation, progression, and prognosis of PD. Apos and their genes are of great value in predicting the susceptibility of PD and hopeful to become the target of medical intervention to prevent the onset of PD or slow down the progress. Therefore, further large-scale studies are warranted to elucidate the precise mechanisms of Apos in PD.</p>

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