Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 285
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 198-202, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920589

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the commonalities and differences between primary school students and teachers in beliefs of myopia prevention and control, in order to provide a theoretical basis for the education programs of myopia prevention and control.@*Methods@#Convenient sampling method was used to select 14 students and 16 teachers from grades 3 and 4 in two elementary schools in Hangzhou for one to one in depth interviews, and the results were coded and analyzed by using Nvivo 11.0 software.@*Results@#There were commonalities in the perceived severity, benefits and barriers of myopia prevention and control beliefs among students and teachers, and the common keywords had been mentioned for 114 times, the commonalities of perceived severity, benefits and barriers were more obvious among them; there were differences in the specific attributions of perceived susceptibility, severity and barriers among students and teachers,the difference keywords had been mentioned for 63 times, the differences of perceived susceptibility, severity and barriers were more obvious among them.@*Conclusion@#There were commonalities in the perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits and barriers of myopia prevention and control beliefs between students and teachers; there were differences in the aspects of perceived susceptibility, severity and barriers between students and teachers. Adverse health outcomes of myopia and associated prevention knowledge should be enhanced among students. schools should carry out health education activities to improve the ability of teachers and students to prevent and control myopia; the government should implement the "double reduction" policy and improve the safety insurance system for outdoor activities.

2.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 174-180, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889477

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to identify the risk factors of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) acquisition to build a nomogram for CRE acquisition risk prediction and evaluate its performance. @*Methods@#This unmatched case-control study included 352 adult patients (55 patients and 297 controls) admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of a 453-bed secondary referral hospital between January 1, 2018, and September 31, 2019, in Busan, South Korea. The nomogram was built with the identified risk factors using multiple logistic regression analysis. Its performance was analyzed using calibration-in-the-large, the slope of the calibration plot, concordance statistic (c-statistic), and the sensitivity and specificity of the training set, subsets, and a new test set. @*Results@#The risk factors of CRE acquisition among ICU patients at a secondary referral hospital were Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score at the time of admission, use of a central venous catheter and a nasogastric tube, as well as use of cephalosporin antibiotics. At 20.0% of the predicted CRE acquisition risk in the training set, the calibration-in-the-large was 0, slope of the calibration plot was 1, c-statistic was .93, sensitivity was 85.5%, and specificity was 84.8%. The performance was relatively good in the subsets and new test set. @*Conclusion@#The nomogram can be used to monitor the CRE acquisition risk for ICU patients who have a similar case mix to patients in the study hospitals. Future studies need to involve more rigorous methodology and larger samples.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908888

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of combined teaching of optical laryngoscope and general laryngoscope on anesthesia undergraduate practice.Methods:A total of 40 anesthesia undergraduate students were randomly divided into group A (using the optical laryngocope only in the first month and the general laryngoscope only in the second month, n=20), and group B (using the general laryngocope only in the first month and the optical laryngoscope only in the second month, n=20). The teaching effect was evaluated through the first month and the second month of tracheal intubation assessment and questionnaire survey results. SPSS 23.0 was used for t test and chi-square test. Results:In the first month, the success rate was 90% in group A and 60% in group B, which showed that the success rate of group B was lower, with significant differences ( P < 0.05). The time for tracheal intubation in group A was (61.8±5.0) s, and that in the group B was (83.0±4.9) s, showing that the time of group B was longer, with significant differences ( P < 0.05). The complications in group A was 5%, and that in group B was 14%, showing that the group B had more cases of implications, with significant differences ( P < 0.05). In the second month, there was no significant difference in the one-time success rate, the time for tracheal intubation, and complications between the two groups ( P > 0.05). There was no significant difference in one-time success rate and complications between groups. Both groups showed that the time for general laryngoscope intubation was longer, with significant differences ( P < 0.05). All of the students believed that applying optical laryngoscope teaching was beneficial and could enhance the interest of learning, and the combination of the two methods was better. Conclusion:Using the optical laryngoscope first and then the general laryngoscope teaching is more beneficial for students to master the two methods of tracheal intubation, improve the success rate, reduce complications, and cultivates their self-confidence.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903966

ABSTRACT

Several studies have previously reported that exposure to stress provokes behavioral changes, including antinociception, in rodents. In the present study, we studied the effect of acute cold-water (4°C) swimming stress (CWSS) on nociception and the possible changes in several signal molecules in male ICR mice.Here, we show that 3 min of CWSS was sufficient to produce antinociception in tailflick, hot-plate, von-Frey, writhing, and formalin-induced pain models. Significantly, CWSS strongly reduced nociceptive behavior in the first phase, but not in the second phase, of the formalin-induced pain model. We further examined some signal molecules' expressions in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and spinal cord to delineate the possible molecular mechanism involved in the antinociceptive effect under CWSS.CWSS reduced p-ERK, p-AMPKα1, p-AMPKα2, p-Tyk2, and p-STAT3 expression both in the spinal cord and DRG. However, the phosphorylation of mTOR was activated after CWSS in the spinal cord and DRG. Moreover, p-JNK and p-CREB activation were significantly increased by CWSS in the spinal cord, whereas CWSS alleviated JNK and CREB phosphorylation levels in DRG. Our results suggest that the antinociception induced by CWSS may be mediated by several molecules, such as ERK, JNK, CREB, AMPKα1, AMPKα2, mTOR, Tyk2, and STAT3 located in the spinal cord and DRG.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902452

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the screening performance of diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI and combined mammography and ultrasound (US) in detecting clinically occult contralateral breast cancer in women with newly diagnosed breast cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#Between January 2017 and July 2018, 1148 women (mean age ± standard deviation, 53.2 ± 10.8 years) with unilateral breast cancer and no clinical abnormalities in the contralateral breast underwent 3T MRI, digital mammography, and radiologist-performed whole-breast US. In this retrospective study, three radiologists independently and blindly reviewed all DW MR images (b = 1000 s/mm2 and apparent diffusion coefficient map) of the contralateral breast and assigned a Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System category. For combined mammography and US evaluation, prospectively assessed results were used. Using histopathology or 1-year follow-up as the reference standard, cancer detection rate and the patient percentage with cancers detected among all women recommended for tissue diagnosis (positive predictive value; PPV2) were compared. @*Results@#Of the 30 cases of clinically occult contralateral cancers (13 invasive and 17 ductal carcinoma in situ [DCIS]), DW MRI detected 23 (76.7%) cases (11 invasive and 12 DCIS), whereas combined mammography and US detected 12 (40.0%, five invasive and seven DCIS) cases. All cancers detected by combined mammography and US, except two DCIS cases, were detected by DW MRI. The cancer detection rate of DW MRI (2.0%; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.3%, 3.0%) was higher than that of combined mammography and US (1.0%; 95% CI: 0.5%, 1.8%; p = 0.009). DW MRI showed higher PPV2 (42.1%; 95% CI: 26.3%, 59.2%) than combined mammography and US (18.5%; 95% CI: 9.9%, 30.0%; p = 0.001). @*Conclusion@#In women with newly diagnosed breast cancer, DW MRI detected significantly more contralateral breast cancers with fewer biopsy recommendations than combined mammography and US.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901449

ABSTRACT

Background@#Preconditioning with inflammatory stimuli is used to improve the secretion of anti-inflammatory agents in stem cells from variant species such as mouse, human, and dog. However, there are only few studies on feline stem cells. @*Objectives@#This study aimed to evaluate the immune regulatory capacity of feline adipose tissue-derived (fAT) mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) pretreated with interferon-gamma (IFN-γ). @*Methods@#To assess the interaction of lymphocytes and macrophages with IFN-γ-pretreated fAT-MSCs, mouse splenocytes and RAW 264.7 cells were cultured with the conditioned media from IFN-γ-pretreated MSCs. @*Results@#Pretreatment with IFN-γ increased the gene expression levels of cyclooxygenase-2, indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase, hepatocyte growth factor, and transforming growth factorbeta 1 in the MSCs. The conditioned media from IFN-γ-pretreated MSCs increased the expression levels of M2 macrophage markers and regulatory T-cell markers compared to those in the conditioned media from naive MSCs. Further, prostaglandin E 2 (PGE 2 ) inhibitor NS-398 attenuated the immunoregulatory potential of MSCs, suggesting that the increased PGE 2 levels induced by IFN-γ stimulation is a crucial factor in the immune regulatory capacity of MSCs pretreated with IFN-γ. @*Conclusions@#IFN-γ pretreatment improves the immune regulatory profile of fAT-MSCs mainly via the secretion of PGE 2 , which induces macrophage polarization and increases regulatory T-cell numbers.

7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901024

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Clinical factors affecting the recovery period in patients with vascular or idiopathic paralytic strabismus were evaluated. @*Methods@#This study involved a retrospective review of medical records of patients diagnosed with vascular and idiopathic acquired paralytic strabismus. Vascular paralysis was defined in cases of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, or cardiovascular disease. The angle of deviation and limitation of extraocular movement were evaluated at each visit. Recovery was defined as the absence of diplopia and complete resolution of limitation of extraocular movement. Factors affecting recovery success and recovery period were analyzed. @*Results@#We retrospectively reviewed data of 145 patients consisting of 87 with vascular paralytic strabismus (cranial nerve [CN] III: 21, CN IV: 28, CN VI: 38) and 58 with idiopathic paralytic strabismus (CN IV: 20, CN VI: 24, CN III: 14). The recovery rate did not significantly differ between vascular (60.9%) and idiopathic (63.8%) groups (p = 0.15). The recovery period was longer in the vascular group (130.1 ± 145.1 days) than in the idiopathic group (92.6 ± 76.6) (p = 0.02). Age at onset was significantly associated with the recovery period in both vascular and idiopathic groups. In the vascular group, the recovery periods were 107.4 ± 74.8 days in CN III palsy, 97.2 ± 51.9 days in CN IV palsy, and 159.3 ± 194.1 days in CN VI palsy. The recovery period was significantly longer in patients with CN VI palsy (p = 0.03). Hypertension was significantly influencing the recovery period in patients with vascular CN VI palsy (odds ratio = 2.54, p = 0.01). @*Conclusions@#The recovery period was longer in patients with vascular paralytic strabismus than in patients with idiopathic paralytic strabismus. Recovery rates were not significantly different between groups. In patients with vascular CN VI palsy, a history of hypertension was significantly associated with the recovery period.

8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901008

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To determine whether travoprost 0.003% has a similar intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction effect to that of travoprost 0.004% while reducing side effects. @*Methods@#This was a prospective study from January 2018 to December 2018 that included 102 patients diagnosed with open angle glaucoma who switched from travoprost 0.004% to travoprost 0.003%. We investigated the changes in IOP, conjunctival hyperemia, corneal erosion, and eyelid pigmentation before and at 3 months after switching to travoprost 0.003%. Additionally, a questionnaire survey of these patients was conducted to determine possible side effects, including hyperemia, stinging, pruritus, irritation, blurred vision, dryness, and foreign body sensation. @*Results@#IOP readings before and after switching to travoprost 0.003% were 12.95 ± 4.25 and 12.94 ± 3.89 mmHg, respectively, showing no significant change (p = 0.974). No changes were observed in corneal erosion or eyelid pigmentation; however, conjunctival hyperemia was reduced significantly from 1.60 ± 0.88 to 1.36 ± 0.84 (p = 0.001). No significant changes in hyperemia, stinging, pruritus, irritation, or foreign body sensation were reported; however, a significant improvement was noted for blurred vision and dryness (p = 0.008, p = 0.007, respectively). @*Conclusions@#We were able to show the effectiveness and safety of travoprost 0.003% as being as effective as travoprost 0.004% in reducing IOP and injections while improving blurred vision and dryness.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900343

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Cholecystectomy is the gold standard treatment for gallbladder disease. As life expectancy increases, awareness of cholecystitis treatment in the elderly changes. The safety and feasibility of cholecystectomy in octogenarians have been proven in many studies. Surgical treatment for cholecystitis should be considered in octogenarians and even nonagenarians. In this study, we aimed to assess the outcomes of cholecystectomy in octogenarians and nonagenarians with acute cholecystitis. @*Methods@#A total of 393 patients aged 80 to 89 years (352 octogenarians) and 90 to 99 years (41 nonagenarians) diagnosed with acute cholecystitis underwent cholecystectomy between March 2012 and June 2020. All patients were classified according to the Tokyo guidelines. The evaluated parameters included demographic data, surgical outcomes, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification, and Tokyo guidelines. @*Results@#All 393 patients were analyzed and divided into two groups according to age; octogenarians (83.57 ± 2.64 years) and nonagenarians (92.98 ± 3.15 years). The survival rate was 97.7% for octogenarians and 97.6% for nonagenarians. Laparoscopic surgery was performed more in both groups (96.8% in octogenarians and 92.7% in nonagenarians) than open surgery (3.2% in octogenarians and 7.3% in nonagenarians). The operation time of the nonagenarian group (74.63 ± 30.83 minutes) was shorter than the octogenarian group (75.85 ± 34.63 minutes). The incidences of postoperative complications in the octogenarian and nonagenarian groups were as follows: pneumonia, 5.7% and 7.3%; bleeding, 1.7% and 2.4%; gastrointestinal symptoms, 6.0% and 2.4%; and bile leakage, 0.6% and 2.4%, respectively. @*Conclusion@#Cholecystectomy is a safe and efficient procedure for the treatment of acute cholecystitis in both octogenarians and nonagenarians.

10.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 174-180, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897181

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to identify the risk factors of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) acquisition to build a nomogram for CRE acquisition risk prediction and evaluate its performance. @*Methods@#This unmatched case-control study included 352 adult patients (55 patients and 297 controls) admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of a 453-bed secondary referral hospital between January 1, 2018, and September 31, 2019, in Busan, South Korea. The nomogram was built with the identified risk factors using multiple logistic regression analysis. Its performance was analyzed using calibration-in-the-large, the slope of the calibration plot, concordance statistic (c-statistic), and the sensitivity and specificity of the training set, subsets, and a new test set. @*Results@#The risk factors of CRE acquisition among ICU patients at a secondary referral hospital were Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score at the time of admission, use of a central venous catheter and a nasogastric tube, as well as use of cephalosporin antibiotics. At 20.0% of the predicted CRE acquisition risk in the training set, the calibration-in-the-large was 0, slope of the calibration plot was 1, c-statistic was .93, sensitivity was 85.5%, and specificity was 84.8%. The performance was relatively good in the subsets and new test set. @*Conclusion@#The nomogram can be used to monitor the CRE acquisition risk for ICU patients who have a similar case mix to patients in the study hospitals. Future studies need to involve more rigorous methodology and larger samples.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896262

ABSTRACT

Several studies have previously reported that exposure to stress provokes behavioral changes, including antinociception, in rodents. In the present study, we studied the effect of acute cold-water (4°C) swimming stress (CWSS) on nociception and the possible changes in several signal molecules in male ICR mice.Here, we show that 3 min of CWSS was sufficient to produce antinociception in tailflick, hot-plate, von-Frey, writhing, and formalin-induced pain models. Significantly, CWSS strongly reduced nociceptive behavior in the first phase, but not in the second phase, of the formalin-induced pain model. We further examined some signal molecules' expressions in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and spinal cord to delineate the possible molecular mechanism involved in the antinociceptive effect under CWSS.CWSS reduced p-ERK, p-AMPKα1, p-AMPKα2, p-Tyk2, and p-STAT3 expression both in the spinal cord and DRG. However, the phosphorylation of mTOR was activated after CWSS in the spinal cord and DRG. Moreover, p-JNK and p-CREB activation were significantly increased by CWSS in the spinal cord, whereas CWSS alleviated JNK and CREB phosphorylation levels in DRG. Our results suggest that the antinociception induced by CWSS may be mediated by several molecules, such as ERK, JNK, CREB, AMPKα1, AMPKα2, mTOR, Tyk2, and STAT3 located in the spinal cord and DRG.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894748

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the screening performance of diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI and combined mammography and ultrasound (US) in detecting clinically occult contralateral breast cancer in women with newly diagnosed breast cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#Between January 2017 and July 2018, 1148 women (mean age ± standard deviation, 53.2 ± 10.8 years) with unilateral breast cancer and no clinical abnormalities in the contralateral breast underwent 3T MRI, digital mammography, and radiologist-performed whole-breast US. In this retrospective study, three radiologists independently and blindly reviewed all DW MR images (b = 1000 s/mm2 and apparent diffusion coefficient map) of the contralateral breast and assigned a Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System category. For combined mammography and US evaluation, prospectively assessed results were used. Using histopathology or 1-year follow-up as the reference standard, cancer detection rate and the patient percentage with cancers detected among all women recommended for tissue diagnosis (positive predictive value; PPV2) were compared. @*Results@#Of the 30 cases of clinically occult contralateral cancers (13 invasive and 17 ductal carcinoma in situ [DCIS]), DW MRI detected 23 (76.7%) cases (11 invasive and 12 DCIS), whereas combined mammography and US detected 12 (40.0%, five invasive and seven DCIS) cases. All cancers detected by combined mammography and US, except two DCIS cases, were detected by DW MRI. The cancer detection rate of DW MRI (2.0%; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.3%, 3.0%) was higher than that of combined mammography and US (1.0%; 95% CI: 0.5%, 1.8%; p = 0.009). DW MRI showed higher PPV2 (42.1%; 95% CI: 26.3%, 59.2%) than combined mammography and US (18.5%; 95% CI: 9.9%, 30.0%; p = 0.001). @*Conclusion@#In women with newly diagnosed breast cancer, DW MRI detected significantly more contralateral breast cancers with fewer biopsy recommendations than combined mammography and US.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893745

ABSTRACT

Background@#Preconditioning with inflammatory stimuli is used to improve the secretion of anti-inflammatory agents in stem cells from variant species such as mouse, human, and dog. However, there are only few studies on feline stem cells. @*Objectives@#This study aimed to evaluate the immune regulatory capacity of feline adipose tissue-derived (fAT) mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) pretreated with interferon-gamma (IFN-γ). @*Methods@#To assess the interaction of lymphocytes and macrophages with IFN-γ-pretreated fAT-MSCs, mouse splenocytes and RAW 264.7 cells were cultured with the conditioned media from IFN-γ-pretreated MSCs. @*Results@#Pretreatment with IFN-γ increased the gene expression levels of cyclooxygenase-2, indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase, hepatocyte growth factor, and transforming growth factorbeta 1 in the MSCs. The conditioned media from IFN-γ-pretreated MSCs increased the expression levels of M2 macrophage markers and regulatory T-cell markers compared to those in the conditioned media from naive MSCs. Further, prostaglandin E 2 (PGE 2 ) inhibitor NS-398 attenuated the immunoregulatory potential of MSCs, suggesting that the increased PGE 2 levels induced by IFN-γ stimulation is a crucial factor in the immune regulatory capacity of MSCs pretreated with IFN-γ. @*Conclusions@#IFN-γ pretreatment improves the immune regulatory profile of fAT-MSCs mainly via the secretion of PGE 2 , which induces macrophage polarization and increases regulatory T-cell numbers.

14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893320

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Clinical factors affecting the recovery period in patients with vascular or idiopathic paralytic strabismus were evaluated. @*Methods@#This study involved a retrospective review of medical records of patients diagnosed with vascular and idiopathic acquired paralytic strabismus. Vascular paralysis was defined in cases of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, or cardiovascular disease. The angle of deviation and limitation of extraocular movement were evaluated at each visit. Recovery was defined as the absence of diplopia and complete resolution of limitation of extraocular movement. Factors affecting recovery success and recovery period were analyzed. @*Results@#We retrospectively reviewed data of 145 patients consisting of 87 with vascular paralytic strabismus (cranial nerve [CN] III: 21, CN IV: 28, CN VI: 38) and 58 with idiopathic paralytic strabismus (CN IV: 20, CN VI: 24, CN III: 14). The recovery rate did not significantly differ between vascular (60.9%) and idiopathic (63.8%) groups (p = 0.15). The recovery period was longer in the vascular group (130.1 ± 145.1 days) than in the idiopathic group (92.6 ± 76.6) (p = 0.02). Age at onset was significantly associated with the recovery period in both vascular and idiopathic groups. In the vascular group, the recovery periods were 107.4 ± 74.8 days in CN III palsy, 97.2 ± 51.9 days in CN IV palsy, and 159.3 ± 194.1 days in CN VI palsy. The recovery period was significantly longer in patients with CN VI palsy (p = 0.03). Hypertension was significantly influencing the recovery period in patients with vascular CN VI palsy (odds ratio = 2.54, p = 0.01). @*Conclusions@#The recovery period was longer in patients with vascular paralytic strabismus than in patients with idiopathic paralytic strabismus. Recovery rates were not significantly different between groups. In patients with vascular CN VI palsy, a history of hypertension was significantly associated with the recovery period.

15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893304

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To determine whether travoprost 0.003% has a similar intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction effect to that of travoprost 0.004% while reducing side effects. @*Methods@#This was a prospective study from January 2018 to December 2018 that included 102 patients diagnosed with open angle glaucoma who switched from travoprost 0.004% to travoprost 0.003%. We investigated the changes in IOP, conjunctival hyperemia, corneal erosion, and eyelid pigmentation before and at 3 months after switching to travoprost 0.003%. Additionally, a questionnaire survey of these patients was conducted to determine possible side effects, including hyperemia, stinging, pruritus, irritation, blurred vision, dryness, and foreign body sensation. @*Results@#IOP readings before and after switching to travoprost 0.003% were 12.95 ± 4.25 and 12.94 ± 3.89 mmHg, respectively, showing no significant change (p = 0.974). No changes were observed in corneal erosion or eyelid pigmentation; however, conjunctival hyperemia was reduced significantly from 1.60 ± 0.88 to 1.36 ± 0.84 (p = 0.001). No significant changes in hyperemia, stinging, pruritus, irritation, or foreign body sensation were reported; however, a significant improvement was noted for blurred vision and dryness (p = 0.008, p = 0.007, respectively). @*Conclusions@#We were able to show the effectiveness and safety of travoprost 0.003% as being as effective as travoprost 0.004% in reducing IOP and injections while improving blurred vision and dryness.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892639

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Cholecystectomy is the gold standard treatment for gallbladder disease. As life expectancy increases, awareness of cholecystitis treatment in the elderly changes. The safety and feasibility of cholecystectomy in octogenarians have been proven in many studies. Surgical treatment for cholecystitis should be considered in octogenarians and even nonagenarians. In this study, we aimed to assess the outcomes of cholecystectomy in octogenarians and nonagenarians with acute cholecystitis. @*Methods@#A total of 393 patients aged 80 to 89 years (352 octogenarians) and 90 to 99 years (41 nonagenarians) diagnosed with acute cholecystitis underwent cholecystectomy between March 2012 and June 2020. All patients were classified according to the Tokyo guidelines. The evaluated parameters included demographic data, surgical outcomes, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification, and Tokyo guidelines. @*Results@#All 393 patients were analyzed and divided into two groups according to age; octogenarians (83.57 ± 2.64 years) and nonagenarians (92.98 ± 3.15 years). The survival rate was 97.7% for octogenarians and 97.6% for nonagenarians. Laparoscopic surgery was performed more in both groups (96.8% in octogenarians and 92.7% in nonagenarians) than open surgery (3.2% in octogenarians and 7.3% in nonagenarians). The operation time of the nonagenarian group (74.63 ± 30.83 minutes) was shorter than the octogenarian group (75.85 ± 34.63 minutes). The incidences of postoperative complications in the octogenarian and nonagenarian groups were as follows: pneumonia, 5.7% and 7.3%; bleeding, 1.7% and 2.4%; gastrointestinal symptoms, 6.0% and 2.4%; and bile leakage, 0.6% and 2.4%, respectively. @*Conclusion@#Cholecystectomy is a safe and efficient procedure for the treatment of acute cholecystitis in both octogenarians and nonagenarians.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2865-2873, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921202

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Patients' recovery after surgery is the major concern for all perioperative clinicians. This study aims to minimize the side effects of peri-operative surgical stress and accelerate patients' recovery of gastrointestinal (GI) function and quality of life after colorectal surgeries, an enhanced recovery protocol based on pre-operative rehabilitation was implemented and its effect was explored.@*METHODS@#A prospective randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted, patients were recruited from January 2018 to September 2019 in this study. Patients scheduled for elective colorectal surgeries were randomly allocated to receive either standardized enhanced recovery after surgery (S-ERAS) group or enhanced recovery after surgery based on pre-operative rehabilitation (group PR-ERAS). In the group PR-ERAS, on top of recommended peri-operative strategies for enhanced recovery, formatted rehabilitation exercises pre-operatively were carried out. The primary outcome was the quality of GI recovery measured with I-FEED scoring. Secondary outcomes were quality of life scores and strength of handgrip; the incidence of adverse events till 30 days post-operatively was also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 240 patients were scrutinized and 213 eligible patients were enrolled, who were randomly allocated to the group S-ERAS (n = 104) and group PR-ERAS (n = 109). The percentage of normal recovery graded by I-FEED scoring was higher in group PR-ERAS (79.0% vs. 64.3%, P  0.050).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Peri-operative rehabilitation exercise might be another benevolent factor for early recovery of GI function and life of quality after colorectal surgery. Newer, more surgery-specific rehabilitation recovery protocol merits further exploration for these patients.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ChiCTR.org.cn, ChiCTR-ONRC-14005096.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms , Hand Strength , Humans , Length of Stay , Postoperative Complications , Preoperative Exercise , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Recovery of Function
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919708

ABSTRACT

Background@#To identify work–family balance and level of happiness among married women dental hygienists in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. The goal of this study is to use the outcome as basic data to determine the compatibility of dental hygienists with work and family, systems, and improvement of happiness levels. @*Methods@#From July 3 to August 10, 2020, 250 dental hygienists in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province were targeted. The questionnaire comprised 65 questions, including general characteristics (perception of work–family balance, perception of work–family balance system, job satisfaction, parenting type, happiness level) whether or not they were implemented. The results were obtained through a self-control questionnaire. @*Results@#The perception of work–family balance was significantly different in job rank and average income, while that of the work– family balance system had significant differences in workplace type, total work experience, current job work experience, childcare system status, and parental leave period. Happiness level and job satisfaction were significantly different in job rank, average income, and childcare system status. Additionally, the perception of work–family balance and that of the work–family balance system showed a positive correlation with job satisfaction and happiness level. Finally, the perception of married women dental hygienists toward work–family compatibility was determined, where the higher the satisfaction with the job, the higher the level of happiness. @*Conclusion@#To improve the work–family balance and job satisfaction of dental hygienists and their levels of happiness, changes in social perception and improvement of the working environment such as proper staffing, flexible work systems, and incentive systems should be considered.

19.
Ultrasonography ; : 228-236, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919496

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The diagnostic performance of thyroid biopsy is influenced by several factors, including differences in the Bethesda categorization for malignancy, the inclusion or exclusion of non-diagnostic results, the definition used for the final diagnosis, and the definition of an inconclusive diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to provide an understanding of the factors influencing the diagnostic performance of thyroid biopsy. @*Methods@#We collected data retrospectively between January and December 2013 from a cohort of 6,762 thyroid nodules from 6,493 consecutive patients who underwent biopsy. In total, 4,822 nodules from 4,553 patients were included. We calculated the biopsy sensitivity according to the inclusion of different Bethesda categories in the numerator and the exclusion of non-diagnostic results, as well as the diagnostic accuracy according to different definitions of a benign diagnosis. We obtained the conclusive and inconclusive diagnosis rates. @*Results@#The sensitivity increased when more Bethesda categories were included in the numerator and when non-diagnostic results were excluded. When a benign thyroid nodule diagnosis was defined as benign findings on surgical resection, concordant benign results on at least two occasions, or an initial benign biopsy result and follow-up for more than 12 months, the accuracy was higher than when the diagnosis was based on surgical resection alone (68.7% vs. 91.1%). A higher conclusive diagnosis rate was obtained (78.3% vs. 72.8%, P<0.001) when Bethesda categories I and III were considered inconclusive. @*Conclusion@#Understanding the concepts presented herein is important in order to appropriately interpret the diagnostic performance of thyroid biopsy.

20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916278

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine-induced lymphadenopathy is a critical side effect that should be a concern to clinicians, patients, radiologists, and oncologists. Vaccine-induced lymphadenopathy causes a diagnostic dilemma, especially for breast radiologists who examine both axillary regions during breast ultrasound examinations. Appropriate imaging guidelines are needed to manage vaccine-induced lymphadenopathy for patients undergoing screening examinations or symptomatic patients, including cancer patients.Current Concepts: For patients with axillary lymphadenopathy in the setting of recent ipsilateral vaccination, clinical follow-up is recommended. In other scenarios, short-term follow-up axillary ultrasound examinations are recommended if the clinical concerns persist for more than 6 weeks after vaccination. To mitigate the diagnostic dilemma of vaccine-induced lymphadenopathy, patients should schedule screening imaging examinations before the first vaccination or at least six weeks following the second vaccination. For clinicians and radiologists, documenting the patients’ vaccination status is critical to decreasing unnecessary follow-up imaging, biopsies, and patient’s anxiety.Discussion and Conclusion: Our proposal can help reduce patient anxiety, provider burden, and costs of unnecessary evaluation of enlarged lymph nodes in the setting of recent COVID-19 vaccination. Further, it can avoid delays in vaccination and breast cancer screening during the COVID-19 pandemic.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL