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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1829-1832, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907064

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study investigated the factors influencing, take out meal consumption among college students in Shanxi Province and explored the relationship between the frequency of take out meal consumption and BMI.@*Methods@#A total of 1 631 college students from five universities in Shanxi Province were studied by means of a questionnaire and multi stage random sampling. Logistic regression was used to analyze the factors influencing college students take out meal consumption. The factors influencing overweight and obesity among college students were analyzed with binary Logistic regression.@*Results@#A total of 1 456 college students had some takeout meal consumption. Gender average monthly cost of living, grade, and major were the factors influencing the frequency of college students take out meal consumption( χ 2=72.26, 242.89, 351.52, 222.35, P <0.01). The overall overweight and obesity rate among the college students were 12.3%, 19.2% in male students, and 6.6% in female students. After controlling for gender, binary Logistic regression showed that monthly cost of living, grade, major, and permanent residence influenced the frequency of college students weekly consumption of out of home meals, and this led to a higher the rate of overweight and obesity( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Take out meal consumption is relatively common among college students, and controlling its frequency could help to reduce the occurrence of overweight and obesity.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906516

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Weiwei Tongtiao decoction on gastric mucosal pathology and the expression level of inhibitor kappa B kinase <italic>β</italic>(IKK<italic>β</italic>) and B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2)in rats with chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) precancerous lesion. Method:SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, positive drug Weifuchun group, Weiwei Tongtiao decoction high, medium and low dose treatment groups. The rat model of CAG precancerous lesion was prepared by <italic>N</italic>-methyl-<italic>N</italic>'-nitro-<italic>N</italic>-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG)compound modeling method. weiwei Tongtiao decoction high, medium and low dose treatment groups received intragastric administration of 24, 12, 6 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> Weiwei Tongtiao decoction respectively, while Weifuchun group received 0.45 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> Weifuchun suspension, once per day for 12 weeks. The pathological changes of gastric mucosa of rats were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining, and the mRNA and protein levels of IKK<italic>β</italic> and Bcl-2 in gastric mucosa of rats were detected by Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), immunohistochemistry(IHC)and Western blot. Result:Compared with the normal group, 100% inherent gland atrophy, mild to severe intestinal metaplasia, and 25% low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia were observed under microscope in model group. All Weifuchun group and Weiwei Tongtiao decoction groups could improve the atrophy of gastric glands, moderate to severe intestinal metaplasia and pathological injury of low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, especially at high dose group. Compared with the normal group, IKK<italic>β</italic>, Bcl-2 mRNA and protein expressions in the gastric mucosa of the model group were up-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the mRNA and protein expressions of IKK<italic>β</italic> and Bcl-2 in gastric mucosa of rats in the Weifuchun group and the Weiwei Tongtiao decoction high, medium and low dose groups were down-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), showing a dose-dependent relationship, and such levels in the Weiwei Tongtiao decoction high-dose intervention group were similar to those in normal group. Conclusion:Weiwei Tongtiao decoction can improve and even reverse gastric mucosa with CAG precancerous lesions in rats, and its intervention mechanism may be related to down-regulating the expressions of IKK<italic>β</italic> and Bcl-2 in gastric mucosa.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885094

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of type 3 secretion system and biofilm of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in diabetic foot wound, and to analyze the relationship between these factors, as well as to the antibiotic sensitivity.Methods:Thirty-three strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa were collected from the foot wounds of diabetic foot inpatients in Tianjin Medical University Chu Hsien-I Memorial Hospital from February 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018. Thirteen strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa were collected from non-diabetic wounds. All strains were tested for antibiotic sensitivity. The virulence genes exoS or exoU of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and the ability of biofilm formation were tested. The characteristics of exoS or exoU and biofilm of Pseudomonas aeruginosa were analyzed. Patients′ clinical outcomes were also analyzed.Results:Pseudomonas aeruginosa with exoS gene was the major pathogen, 90.9% found in diabetic foot group and 84.6% in control group, with no significant difference( χ2=0.54, P=0.46). The drug-resistant strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa with exoS accounted for 16.7% in diabetic foot group and 18.2% in control group, also with no significant difference( χ2=0.18, P=0.83). There were 5 strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa carrying exoU, 3 strains in diabetic foot group, of which 1 was resistant, 2 in control group, no resistant strain. Pseudomonas aeruginosa increased the ability of biofilm formation in diabetic foot group, accounting for 57.6%, and for resistant strains, 83.3% of them increased the biofilm formation ability. Two kinds of Pseudomonas aeruginosa produced different biofilms, but they were effectiveless for carbapenem antibiotics. The times of debridement ( P<0.01), time of antibiotic use ( P<0.01) were more in biofilm wound, but the healing rate reached 75%-90%. Conclusion:Pseudomonas aeruginosa secreting ExoS is the main one in the diabetic foot wound. The ability of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to produce biofilm in DF wound is increased. Biofilm is one reason for its antibiotic resistance. Multiple debridement combined with sensitive antibiotics is an effective method to remove biofilm.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879908

ABSTRACT

Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) is a group of rare neurogenetic degenerative diseases caused by genetic mutations and characterized by iron deposition in the central nervous system, especially in the basal ganglia, with an overall incidence rate of 2/1 000 000-3/1 000 000. Major clinical manifestations are extrapyramidal symptoms. This disease is presently classified into 14 different subtypes based on different pathogenic genes, and its pathogenesis and treatment remain unclear. This article summarizes the research advances in the pathogenesis and treatment of NBIA, so as to help pediatricians understand this disease and provide a reference for subsequent research on treatment.


Subject(s)
Basal Ganglia , Basal Ganglia Diseases , Brain , Humans , Iron , Iron Metabolism Disorders/therapy
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871988

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the correlation between circulating tumor cells (CTC) and the degree of pathological invasion, recurrence and metastasis of urothelial carcinoma, and so to explore the clinical value of CTC detection in bladder cancer.Methods:A total of 142 patients with urothelial carcinoma in Huadong Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University were enrolled as cancer group from July 2016 to January 2018. According to the degree of tumor invasion, cancer group was divided into the non-muscle-invasive group (49 cases) and the muscle-invasive group(93 cases). In addition, 52 patients with benign urinary tract lesions admitted were selected as the benign group and 56 patients with non-urinary tract diseases and non-tumor as the control group. A total of 3.2 ml of venous anticoagulant blood from each subject was collected. CTC was enriched by negative enrichment using the magnetic beads coated with monoclonal antibody Cluster 45 of differentiation (CD45) to capture and remove white blood cells, and identified by chromosome 8 probe(CEP8) fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique. CD45-/4′,6′-diamidino-2-phenylindole+/CEP8>2(CD45-/DAPI+/CEP8>2) cells were judged as CTC. SPSS22.0 statistical software was used for statistical analysis.Results:≥2 CTCs/3.2 ml in blood was set as cutoff value. CTC positive rates in bladder cancer group, benign group and control group were 70.42%(100/142), 28.85%(15/52) and 8.93%(5/56), respectively, and there was a significant difference (χ 2=70.496, P=0.000). There was a statistically difference ( U=2 863.5, P=0.011) in the mean count of CTC(2 CTCs/3.2 ml vs 4 CTCs/3.2 ml) between the two groups. The proportion of≥5 CTCs/3.2 ml in the muscle-invasive group was 40.86% (38/93), which was significantly higher than that in the non-muscle-invasive group, 18.37% (9/49) (χ 2=7.330, P=0.007). Cystoscope follow-up of 65 patients treated with transurethral resection of the bladder tumor showed that the recurrence and metastasis rate in patients with≥5 CTCs/3.2 ml was as high as 47.62% (10/21), compared with 11.36% (5/44) of patients with<5 CTCs/3.2 ml (χ 2=10.530, P=0.001). Among 59 patients undergoing radical cystectomy, no significant difference was found in tumor diameter >3 cm, positive surgical margins and positive lymph nodes among all groups according to CTC negative or positive and CTC number ( P>0.05). But the recurrence and metastasis rate of patients with ≥5 CTCs/3.2 ml (59.10%) was significantly higher than that of patients with <5 CTCs/3.2 ml (6/30)(χ 2=8.364, P=0.004). Conclusion:The number of CTC increased with the deepening of tumor invasion; Tumor recurrence and metastasis increased significantly in the patients with ≥5/3.2 ml CTCs in blood.

6.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1175-1180, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822011

ABSTRACT

As the first-line drug for the treatment of primary liver cancer, sorafenib has been widely used in clinical practice, but its drug resistance and toxic and side effects have become increasingly apparent, along with limited efficacy. In recent years, the research on regorafenib for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has gradually become a hotspot. The RESORCE trial has shown that regorafenib can significantly extend the overall survival time of patients with failed sorafenib treatment to 10.6 months, and regorafenib was approved as a second-line drug for advanced HCC by Food and Drug Administration in 2017. This article reviews the molecular mechanism, efficacy evaluation, combination therapy, and criteria for patient selection in the treatment of HCC with regorafenib, so as to provide a direction for further research in the future.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753898

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics of families with Huntington disease in Sichuan, and to make genetic diagnosis and pedigree analysis, and to provide genetic counseling for family members. Methods The detailed clinical data of Huntington disease patients and some family members who visited were collected from provincial people's Hospital of Sichuan between March 2016 and March 2018. The CAG trinucleotide repeats of IT15 gene were examined. The mini mental state examination (MMSE), Montreal cognitive scale (MoCA) were used to evaluate the cognitive function. Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA), Hamilton Depression scale (HAMD) were used to evaluate the emotion. Activities of daily living scale (ADL) were used to evaluate the ability of daily life. Results Genetic test was conducted on twenty-four individuals from 4 families. Genetic test detected eight HD patients with 41-54 CAG repeats (46.75±4.03) and seven presymptomatic patients with 43~58 CAG repeats (50.00 ±6.40). Four of HD patients required genetic counseling for marriage and childbearing. The number of normal CAG repeats was 12~24, with 17 and 20 being the most common. Correlation analysis found that the number of CAG repeats was negatively correlated with the age of onset (r=-0.967, P<0.01). ADL score was positively correlated with course of disease (r=0.842, P<0.01), and negatively correlated with MMSE score (r=-0.930, P<0.01) and MoCA score (r=-0.932, P<0.01). Conclusion Genetic test is of great significance in the diagnosis of Huntington's disease, especially in patients with negative family history. The number of CAG repeats is increase from generation to generation and there is genetic anticipation in HD families. The number of CAG repeats can predict the onset age to some extent. Genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis are important to avoid the birth of a child with HD.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746268

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic value of circulating tumor cells(CTCs) in prostate cancer (Pca) through studying the relationship between CTCs and Gleason scores and pathological TNM stage in Pca patients. Methods A total of 238 patients including 161 Pca patients as cancer group, 35 male patients with benign prostatic diseases as benign group and 42 male with non-prostate disease as control group, who were treated in our hospital from July 2016 to January 2018,were enrolled. Venous blood of every patient was collected and CTCs were enriched and identified by immunocytochemistry CD45 capturing leukocyte and fluorescence in situ hybridization with chromosome 8 (CEP8-FISH). Cells displaying CD45-/DAPI+/CEP8>2 were characterized as CTCs. One-way ANOVA was used to exam the correlations of the number of CTCs with Gleason scores and pathological TNM stage. Results CTCs ≥2 were detected in 74.53%(120/161) of Pca patients and 20.00%(7/35)of benign prostatic diseases patients and 7.14%(3/42)of control group (χ2=79.605,P<0.05). In group Gleason scores 6, the numbers of CTCs were 2.00 ± 2.42, the ratios of CTCs≥5 and tetraploid were 13.33% (2/15)and 26.67%(4/15) respectively. In 7 scores group, the results were 3.14±2.68,17.72%(14/79) and 34.18%(27/79)respectively;In 8 scores group, the results were 3.57 ± 2.70, 33.33%(7/21)and 42.86% (9/21)respectively; In 9 scores group, these three results were 4.65±4.41, 43.48%(20/46) and 45.65%(21/46)respectively. The numbers of CTCs in the≤pT2b (20), pT2c(27), pT3a(19), pT3b(16)and≥pT4(12) groups were 2.25±2.45, 3.56±2.79, 4.05±3.47, 4.69±2.12 and 5.17±3.21 respectively. The ratios of CTCs≥5 were 25.00%(5/20), 25.93%(7/27), 26.32%(5/19), 50.00%(8/16) and 58.33% (7/12)respectively. The proportions of tetraploid were 20.00%(4/20), 25.93% (7/27), 31.58%(6/19), 50.00%(8/16) and 58.33%(7/12) respectively. There were significant differences between CTC and Gleason scores (F=3.200, P<0.05)and pathological stage (F=2.673, P<0.05). The ratios of CTCs≥5 increased with the increase of Gleason scores (χ2=11.592, P<0.05). Conclusions The detection of CTCs could be used for the differential diagnosis of Pca and benign prostatic disease. There were notable correlations between the numbers of CTCs and Gleason scores and pathological stage in Pca patients, especially between CTCs≥5 and Gleason scores.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745176

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical effect after laparoscopic sacral colpopexy (LSC) of combined transabdominal-transvaginal approach on stage Ⅳpelvic organs prolapse (POP). Methods The clinical data of 65 patients undergoing LSC of combined transabdominal-transvaginal approach from January 1st, 2010 to July 30th, 2017 due to POP stage Ⅳ in First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. Objective outcome was assessed by comparing preoperative and postoperative pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q) systems. Subjective effects were assessed by comparing pelvic floor distress inventory-short form 20 (PFDI-20), pelvic floor impact questionnaire short form (PFIQ-7), pelvic organ prolapse/urinary incontinence sexual questionnaire-12 (PISQ-12) and patient global impression of improvement (PGI-I). Results All 65 patients were successfully performed without any intraoperative complications. Fifty-three patients were followed in the clinic department and 12 were followed up by telephone. The follow-up duration was 6.1-80.3 months and the median follow-up duration was 24.5 months. The bleeding loss was 20-250 ml. Postoperative urethral catheter residence day was (2.5± 1.1) days, length of postoperative stay was (6.2±1.7) days. The postoperative POP-Q scores were compared with preoperative scores which had significantly improved except pb (all P<0.01). The objective cure rates of vaginal anterior wall, apical and posterior wall prolapse stageⅣwere 90% (47/52), 100% (23/23) and 95% (20/21).About PGI-I, except for 1 patient who chose"improvement", the other 64 patients (98%, 64/65) all chose"significant improvement". Furthermore, preoperative and postoperative PFDI-20, PFIQ-7, and PISQ-12 scores were all statistically significant (all P<0.01). Subjective efficacy was significant. Three cases (5%, 3/65) of postoperative fever occurred. Two cases (4%, 2/53) had mesh exposure. Six patients (11%, 6/53) had recurrence of postoperative prolapse. Five cases had recurrence of vaginal anterior wall prolapse and no reoperation was performed; 1 case was recurrence of posterior vaginal wall prolapse who diagnosed as vaginal posterior wall prolapse stage Ⅲ; no recurrence of apical prolapse. The rate of reoperation (including exposed-mesh removal and pelvic floor reconstruction surgery) was 5% (3/65). Conclusions The LSC of combined transabdominal-transvaginal approach has a high subjective efficacy rate. The objective cure rate in the case of apical prolapse stage Ⅳ is one hundred percent.The LSC of combined transabdominal-transvaginal approach has low mesh exposure, low postoperative infection and the reoperation rate, which is one of optional pelvic floor reconstruction surgery. However, there is still a risk of recurrence in patients with POP stageⅣwith severe bladder bulging.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2657-2663, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774877

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Coronary artery disease (CAD) in octogenarians (age of ≥80 years) has a high risk of mortality and high medical expenses. Research shows that the prevalence of CAD is higher among octogenarians than that among younger people, but few such patients undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This study aimed to evaluate different treatments with respect to their clinical effects and impacts on quality of life of octogenarians with CAD.@*METHODS@#Data of 519 octogenarians with CAD consecutively treated at Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University (Beijing, China) from January 2010 to January 2016 were collected in this study. The patients were categorized into three groups based on the treatments they received: the PCI group (n = 292), CABG group (n = 110), and medical treatment group (n = 117). The followings were recorded during follow-up: clinical data, death (all-cause and cardiovascular-related), re-hospitalization time, Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ) score, and occurrence of hemorrhagic events (cerebral bleeding, gastrointestinal bleeding, and dermal ecchymosis).@*RESULTS@#The median follow-up duration was 25.0 (25th, 75th percentile: 17.0, 55.5) months among 417 patients. The all-cause death rates (28.2% vs. 12.0% and 14.6%, respectively) and cardiovascular-related death rates (15.4% vs. 3.8% and 6.4%, respectively) were significantly higher in the medical treatment group than those in the PCI group and CABG group (all P < 0.05). The re-hospitalization rate for cardiovascular events was significantly lower in the CABG group than those in the PCI group and medical treatment group (3.8% vs. 12.8% and 14.9%, respectively) (χ = 8.238, P = 0.018). The SAQ scores of physical limitation, angina frequency, treatment satisfaction, and disease perception were significantly higher in the PCI group and CABG group than those in the medical treatment group (all P < 0.05). No significant difference in the angina stability score was observed among the three groups (F = 3.179, P = 0.204).@*CONCLUSION@#PCI and CABG result in reduced mortality and better quality of life in octogenarians with CAD.

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2657-2663, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803222

ABSTRACT

Background@#Coronary artery disease (CAD) in octogenarians (age of ≥80 years) has a high risk of mortality and high medical expenses. Research shows that the prevalence of CAD is higher among octogenarians than that among younger people, but few such patients undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This study aimed to evaluate different treatments with respect to their clinical effects and impacts on quality of life of octogenarians with CAD.@*Methods@#Data of 519 octogenarians with CAD consecutively treated at Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University (Beijing, China) from January 2010 to January 2016 were collected in this study. The patients were categorized into three groups based on the treatments they received: the PCI group (n = 292), CABG group (n = 110), and medical treatment group (n = 117). The followings were recorded during follow-up: clinical data, death (all-cause and cardiovascular-related), re-hospitalization time, Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ) score, and occurrence of hemorrhagic events (cerebral bleeding, gastrointestinal bleeding, and dermal ecchymosis).@*Results@#The median follow-up duration was 25.0 (25th, 75th percentile: 17.0, 55.5) months among 417 patients. The all-cause death rates (28.2% vs. 12.0% and 14.6%, respectively) and cardiovascular-related death rates (15.4% vs. 3.8% and 6.4%, respectively) were significantly higher in the medical treatment group than those in the PCI group and CABG group (all P < 0.05). The re-hospitalization rate for cardiovascular events was significantly lower in the CABG group than those in the PCI group and medical treatment group (3.8% vs. 12.8% and 14.9%, respectively) (χ2 = 8.238, P = 0.018). The SAQ scores of physical limitation, angina frequency, treatment satisfaction, and disease perception were significantly higher in the PCI group and CABG group than those in the medical treatment group (all P < 0.05). No significant difference in the angina stability score was observed among the three groups (F = 3.179, P = 0.204).@*Conclusion@#PCI and CABG result in reduced mortality and better quality of life in octogenarians with CAD.

12.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1715-1719, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857886

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: China is still in its infancy in assessing the value of anti-tumor drugs, lacking a mature drug value assessment system. To provide reference for the establishment of a pharmacoeconomic model based on value assessment in China, and provide valuable reference for clinicians and patients to choose treatment options, Through the analysis and discussion of the DrugAbacus interactive calculator. METHODS: The value components and data sources of the DrugAbacus interactive calculator were analyzed by literature search, data query, etc., and the price of the anti-tumor drugs was evaluated according to the baseline values. RESULTS: The actual price of anti-cancer drug afinitor is higher than the recommended price when used to treat kidney cancer, pancreatic cancer and breast cancer. When the anti-tumor drug avastin is used in the treatment of colon cancer, the actual price is not much different from the recommended price. Halaven's suggested price is always higher than the actual price, that is, the price of the drug is at least reasonable or even low, and Ixempra's price is high, so using the drug Halaven can save more money than using the drug Ixempra. CONCLUSION: The DrugAbacus method provides a complex analysis of the factors that should be considered in drug pricing. Although there are limitations, this method reflects to a large extent the evaluation of the value of innovative drugs in society, which can provide reference for drug pricing in China.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821923

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the expression of LIM domain binding 2 (LDB2) in lung cancer tissues and its correlation with sphingosine-1 phosphate receptor 1 (S1PR1). @*Methods@#Lung cancer tissues and the corresponding adjacent tissues from 52 patients in Nantong Tumor Hospital during April 2010 and May 2011 were collected as the experimental group and the control group, respectively. The expression levels of LDB2 and S1PR1 were detected by the real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). The expression results of LDB2 gene were further verified by the Oncomine database, and its correlations with clinicopathological parameters were analyzed. The ROC curve was drawn to evaluate the diagnosis value of LDB2 expression in lung cancer. The correlation of LDB2 expression with the prognosis of lung cancer was analyzed by the “Kaplan-Meier Plotter” database. In addition, the relationship between LDB2 and S1PR1 was also analyzed. @*Results@#The expression levels of LDB2 in lung cancer tissues (0.158 [0.062,0.383]) were significantly lower than that in the adjacent tissues (0.403 [0.261,0.711], U=700.0, P< 0.01). A total of 9 eligible studies were retrieved from the Oncomine database, and their expressions of LDB2 were also low (P<0.01). The expressions of LDB2 in lung cancer tissues were not related to gender, age, smoking history, pathological type, tumor size, TNM staging and lymphatic metastasis (P>0.05). The results of ROC curve showed that when the area under the ROC curve (AUC ROC ) was 0.741 (95% CI:0.643-0.839) and the cut-off value was 0.247, the sensitivity and specificity of LDB2 in the diagnosis of lung cancer were 80.8% and 61.5%, respectively. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the 5-year overall survival time of the patients with low expression of LDB2 was shorter than that of the patients with high expression of LDB2(P<0.01). In addition, the expression levels of S1PR1 in lung cancer tissues (0.710[0.337,1.523]) were significantly lower than that in the adjacent tissues (1.582[0.913,3.533],U=780.0, P<0.01), and the expression levels of S1PR1 in lung cancer tissues were positively correlated with that of LDB2(r=0.827,P<0.01). @*Conclusion@#The expressions of LDB2 and S1PR1 in lung cancer tissues are down-regulated, and have a positive correlation, and they may play an important role in the occurrence and development of lung cancer.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703576

ABSTRACT

This paper attempts to review the long-term care insurance policies which have been issued in 13 national pilot cities such as Qingdao and Haidian district,Beijing. The paper investigates the problems and challen-ges China's long-term care insurance system faces with,and put forward the construction of long-term care insurance system. The preliminary thinking on some issues, such as the relationship between welfare and marketization when the long-term care insurance has been put into practice on a trial basis,the relationship between long-term care insur-ance and medical insurance,and the specific implementation plan of the long-term insurance. According to the issued documents issued by pilot regions,it was found that there are not only differences but also similarities among the pilot cities in who are insured,who pays the insurance fee,what might be covered,what the levels of insurance are,and what kind of service will be provided. Although the long term care insurance system has been initially established in these cities, the specific implementation remains to be demonstrated, e. g. supervision and management, nursing service provision. In addition,local governments need to continuously expand the benefit range of long-term care in-surance to ensure long-term success,do good coordination and connection of long-term care insurance and pension in-surance,and reasonably allocate the medical insurance,pension,and health care resources.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2417-2423, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690193

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Unfractionated heparin (UFH), despite its limitations, has been used as the primary anticoagulant alternative during the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Some studies indicated that intravenous enoxaparin could be an effective and safe option. Our team used enoxaparin alone at one time according to the guidelines (Class IIA) and found a little catheter thrombosis during PCI. We recommend a new anticoagulation strategy using enoxaparin in combination with UFH. Enoxaparin has a more predictable anticoagulant response with no need of repeatedly monitoring anticoagulation during PCI. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of using enoxaparin in combination with UFH in PCI patients with complex coronary artery disease.</p><p><b>Methods</b>Between January 2015 and April 2017, 600 PCI patients who received intravenous UFH at an initial dose of 3000 U plus intravenous enoxaparin at a dose of 0.75 mg/kg (observation group) and 600 PCI patients who received UFH at a dose of 100 U/kg (control group) were consecutively included in this retrospective study. The endpoints were postoperative 48-h thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) bleeding and transfusion and 30-day and 1-year major adverse cardio-cerebrovascular events (MACCE).</p><p><b>Results</b>Baseline clinical, angiographic, and procedural characteristics were similar between groups, except there was less stent implantation per patient in the observation group (2.13 vs. 2.25 in the control group, P = 0.002). TIMI bleeding (3.3% vs. 4.7%) showed no significant difference between the observation group and control group. During the 30-day follow-up, the rate of MACCE was 0.9% in the observation group and 1.5% in the control group. There was no significant difference in the rates of MACCE, death, myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization, cerebrovascular event, and angina within 30 days and 1 year after PCI between groups as well as in the subgroup analysis of transfemoral approach.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>UFH with sequential enoxaparin has similar anticoagulant effect and safety as UFH in PCI of complex coronary artery disease.</p>

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662249

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the linear relationship and standard curve equation between acidic concentrated solution added KCl and the changes of K+ concentration in dialysate,and to apply it in personalized dialysis.Methods The speed of concentrated liquid pump of Fresenius 4008S hemodialysis machine was calibrated,the ratio of the concentration solution to the reverse osmosis water was determined,KCl was added to the concentrated A solution by an equal increment method to detect K+ concentration in the corresponding dialysate,and the K+ concentration standard curve of dialysate was mapped.This study is based on blood K+ concentration of adams-stokes syndrome patients before dialysis,referring to the standard curve,the most suitable dialysate K+ concentration was selected to personalized dialysis,the blood K+ concentration of the patients was measured after dialysis,and ECG monitoring and clinical symptoms observation were carried out.Results There was a linear relationship between acidic concentrated solution added KCl and the changes of K+ concentration in dialysate,the curve equation was y =0.384 lx + 0.002 3,R2 =0.999 4.There was no obvious change in the concentration of other electrolyte ions in the dialysate.Referring to the standard curve,the concentration of dialysate K+ could be adjusted accurately.The blood K+ concentration of adams-stokes syndrome patients could be corrected in time after several times of K+ concentration of personalized dialysis,and ECG recovered eventually,and arrhythmia,syncope,chest tightness and other symptoms disappeared.Conclusion There is a linear relationship between the concentration of dialysate K + and the concentration of KCl added in acidic concentrated solution in the Fresenius 4008S hemodialysis machine.Personalized dialysis is performed by the standard curve with obvious clinical application value,and references are provided for precise regulation of dialysate ion concentration.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659648

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the linear relationship and standard curve equation between acidic concentrated solution added KCl and the changes of K+ concentration in dialysate,and to apply it in personalized dialysis.Methods The speed of concentrated liquid pump of Fresenius 4008S hemodialysis machine was calibrated,the ratio of the concentration solution to the reverse osmosis water was determined,KCl was added to the concentrated A solution by an equal increment method to detect K+ concentration in the corresponding dialysate,and the K+ concentration standard curve of dialysate was mapped.This study is based on blood K+ concentration of adams-stokes syndrome patients before dialysis,referring to the standard curve,the most suitable dialysate K+ concentration was selected to personalized dialysis,the blood K+ concentration of the patients was measured after dialysis,and ECG monitoring and clinical symptoms observation were carried out.Results There was a linear relationship between acidic concentrated solution added KCl and the changes of K+ concentration in dialysate,the curve equation was y =0.384 lx + 0.002 3,R2 =0.999 4.There was no obvious change in the concentration of other electrolyte ions in the dialysate.Referring to the standard curve,the concentration of dialysate K+ could be adjusted accurately.The blood K+ concentration of adams-stokes syndrome patients could be corrected in time after several times of K+ concentration of personalized dialysis,and ECG recovered eventually,and arrhythmia,syncope,chest tightness and other symptoms disappeared.Conclusion There is a linear relationship between the concentration of dialysate K + and the concentration of KCl added in acidic concentrated solution in the Fresenius 4008S hemodialysis machine.Personalized dialysis is performed by the standard curve with obvious clinical application value,and references are provided for precise regulation of dialysate ion concentration.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505625

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the correlation between serum homocysteine (Hcy) level,serum uric acid level and coronary lesion severity in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).Methods A total of 622 patients receiving coronary angiography from January 2015 to December 2015 were retrospectively studied.They were divided into two groups according to the findings on coronary angiography.Those with ≥ 50% stenosis were defined as coronary artery disease.According to SYNTAX score,CAD patients were divided into three groups:low risk group (1-22),moderate risk group (23-32) and high risk group (> 33).Fasting serum Hcy levels,fasting serum uric acid levels,fasting blood lipids including total cholesterol (TC),triglycerides (TG),high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were determined.Then,patients were divided into two groups according to the serum Hcy level for observing the relationship between the serum Hcy and the SYNTAX score.Results TC,LDL-C were significant higher in SYNTAX score high-risk group and moderate risk group compared with normal group.There were no statistically significant differences in TC and LDL-C between the normal group and the low-risk group (P > 0.05).Compared with normal coronary group,Hcy in high risk group and moderate risk group was significant higher.There were no statistically significant differences in age,sex,TC,TG,HDL-C,LDL-C between normal Hcy group and high Hcy group (P > 0.05).The SYNTAX score was significantly higher in high Hcy group than that in normal group (P < 0.05).Multivariate logistic regression analysis suggested that serum Hcy was associated with coronary lesion severity.Compared with normal coronary group in the same gender,uric acid level in high risk group and moderate risk group was significant higher (P < 0.05).Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that serum uric acid was associated with coronary lesion severity.(P < 0.05) Conclusions Serum Hcy and high uric acid level are the risk factors of coronary lesion severity.With the increased Hcy level and uric acid level,the increase in the severity degree of coronary artery lesions represents a greater cardiovascular risk.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514003

ABSTRACT

Objective·To analyze changes in the type distribution and drug resistance of pathogenic bacteria isolated from burn wards and to provide evidence for rational use of antibiotics, reduction of drug-resistant isolates, and hospital infection control. Methods·Isolates from burn patients were collected from January 2011 to December 2014. Statistical analysis of infection sources, type distribution, and changes in resistance rates of main pathogens during the four year period was performed. Results·A total of 2399 isolates were collected, including 1286 (53.61%) gram-negative bacilli (G-b), 1088 (45.35%) gram-positive cocci (G+c), and 25 (1.04%) fungi. The most common G-b pathogens were Pseudomonas aeruginosa (447, 34.76%) and Acinetobacter baumannii (369, 28.69%). The most common G+c pathogen and fungus were Staphylococcus aureus (489, 44.94%) and Candida albicans (8, 33.33%), respectively. In the last two years, the detection rates of S.aureus and A.baumannii were significantly lower and the detection rate of P.aeruginosa was significantly higher than those in the first two years (P80%) to the third and fourth generation cephalosporins, carbapenems, aminoglycosides and quinolones, but the changes were not statistically significant (P>0.05). S.aureus was only highly resistant to penicillin (97.58%) and was 100% susceptible to vancomycin. Its resistance rates toward cefazolin, ampicillin/sulbactam, gentamicin, levofloxacin, and rifampin decreased significantly (P<0.05). The detection rate of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) dropped from 72.28% to 63.00%. Conclusion·Many types of drug resistant bacteria were detected in burn wards. The drug resistance problem was serious. Improving management and rational use of antibiotics can reduce the occurrence of drug-resistant bacteria and increase the efficacy of clinical anti-infective treatment and nosocomial infection control.

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Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 389-393, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512330

ABSTRACT

Objective There are few researches for the serum betatrophin level and diabetic nephropathy (DN) recently.The aim of this study was to investigate the change of serum betatrophin level and the correlation of serum betatrophin and urinary albumin-to-creatintine ratio (UACR) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).Methods A total of 150 Chinese subjects from Mar 2013 to Jul 2016 were enrolled in the study, including 90 patients with type 2 diabetes and 60 healthy controls.According to the level of UACR, the diabetic patients were divided into two groups:normal UACR group (UACR30 mg/g, n=30).Serum betatrophin was measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).UACR was measured by turbidimetric inhibition immune assay.Blood glucose blood lipid were measured simultaneously.Results The serum betatrophin level was significantly higher in abnormal UACR group than that in normal UACR group[677.37±59.02 vs 486.13±41.22 pg/mL, P<0.05];Serum betatrophin level in T2DM patients was positively correlated with age (r=0.246), waist hip ratio (WHR) (r=0.240), fasting blood glucose (FPG) (r=0.234), 2 hour plasma glucose (2hPG) (r=0.363), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) (r=0.346), fasting insulin (FINS) (r=0.249), insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) (r=0.309), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) (r=0.223), creatinine (CREA) (r=0.277) and UACR (r=0.244) (P<0.05),and negatively correlated with glomerular filtration rate (GFR) (r=0.308) (P<0.01).Serum betatrophin level in normal UACR group was positively correlated with age, HbA1c and UACR (P<0.05);Serum betatrophin level in abnormal UACR group was positively correlated with WHR (r=0.504), 2hPG (r=0.600), HbA1c (r=0.449), HOMA-IR (r=0.395) (P<0.05).The WHR, HbA1c, HOMA-IR and GFR were the influential factors of the serum betatrophin level.Conclusion The level of serum betatrophin was significantly increased in T2DM patients with albuminuria, which suggests that the betatrophin might play an important role in the pathogenesis of DN.

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