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1.
Archives of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery ; : 136-140, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999487

ABSTRACT

Background@#Implant-based immediate breast reconstruction surgery with nipple-sparing mastectomy has recently been favored by patients. However, in patients who do not wish to undergo balancing procedures, it is difficult to select the appropriate implant size, making it challenging to achieve a symmetrical breast shape. Therefore, this study investigated the differences in breast asymmetry and other complications in patients who underwent a two-stage procedure or direct-to-implant (DTI) breast reconstruction to determine whether the two-stage procedure can produce more favorable outcomes. @*Methods@#The participants of this study were patients who underwent immediate two-stage breast reconstruction or DTI breast reconstruction from May 2018 to April 2022, did not receive postoperative radiotherapy, and did not wish to undergo any balancing procedures. An acellular dermal matrix was used for breast reconstruction in all patients, and a single reconstructive surgeon performed all the operations. Statistical significance was set at P<0.05. @*Results@#No significant differences in complications were found between the patients who underwent DTI breast reconstruction and those who underwent two-stage breast reconstruction. In the two-stage breast reconstruction group, breast volume asymmetry was observed in 18.4% (seven patients), which was significantly lower than the percentage of 44.7% (17 patients) observed in the DTI group. @*Conclusions@#Breast asymmetry was observed in a significant proportion of the patients in both groups. However, because breast volume asymmetry was more common in the DTI group than in the two-stage breast reconstruction group, two-stage breast reconstruction may be a favorable method for patients who do not wish to undergo balancing procedures.

2.
Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; : 303-310, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967015

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate clinical significance and imaging findings of newly detected lesions on breast MRI while monitoring patients’ response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). @*Materials and Methods@#We identified 291 patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer who underwent breast MRI to assess their response to NAC between January 2017 and August 2021. We evaluated 26 new lesions in 24 women (mean age, 49.8 years; range, 35–63 years) who were included in this study. Two radiologists assessed imaging findings of new lesions according to Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) lexicon 5th edition and evaluated follow-up MRI during NAC. Outcomes of new lesions were determined based on pathologic examination or imaging follow-up after surgery. @*Results@#All 26 new lesions were found on the first follow-up imaging. They disappeared or decreased in size on the second follow-up imaging. Lesion types included mass (n = 22, 84.6%) and non-mass enhancement (n = 4, 15.4%). The majority of the mass types showed oval to round shapes (22/22, 100%), circumscribed margins (21/22, 95.5%), and rim enhancement (18/22, 81.8%). Seven (26.9%) new lesions were ipsilateral to the index cancer, 7 (26.9%) were contralateral, and 12 (46.2%) were bilateral. None of these new lesions were malignant. @*Conclusion@#New lesions were detected in 4.7% of breast MRI during NAC. Most new lesions tended to

3.
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery ; : 34-38, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925543

ABSTRACT

Severe temporal hollowing deformities can occur in patients who undergo craniectomy after intracranial hemorrhage. Reconstruction surgery for cosmetic purposes using silicone implants in patients with temporal hollowing deformities after craniectomy is advantageous because the procedure is simple and rapid, with a short recovery time, resulting in lower overall treatment costs. Of paramount importance, this option yields highly satisfactory results for patients. The authors present three cases of simple and fast surgery using silicone implants where highly satisfactory outcomes were obtained.

4.
Archives of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery ; : 61-66, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925529

ABSTRACT

Background@#In recent years, breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) has emerged as an important concern. At our institution, patients who received breast reconstruction using Allergan implants were informed individually about BIA-ALCL. The present study analyzed correlations between patients’ level of satisfaction with their breast shape and whether they chose to undergo reoperation (implant removal or replacement). @*Methods@#Breast reconstruction with Allergan implants was performed between December 2014 and April 2018. In total, 107 patients were interviewed, excluding those who had died, were unreachable, or had already undergone reoperation. The mean follow-up period was 53 months (range, 26–73 months). @*Results@#After the interviews, 68 patients postponed reoperation, 29 had their implant replaced, and 10 had their implant removed. Nearly one-fifth (18.9%) of patients who were satisfied with their breast shape (13 out of 69) underwent reoperation due to anxiety over ALCL. Meanwhile, 68.4% of patients who were not satisfied due to capsular contracture or scar contracture (26 out of 38) underwent reoperation. Sixteen of the 30 patients who received postoperative radiotherapy (53.3%) chose to undergo reoperation. @*Conclusions@#Satisfaction with the cosmetic outcomes of implant placement played a meaningful role in patients’ decisions to undergo reoperation. This tendency may be linked to postoperative radiotherapy, which is a major contributor to complications such as contracture. Nonetheless, a substantial proportion of patients who were satisfied with the outcomes chose to undergo reoperation due to concerns regarding ALCL.

5.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 607-613, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913592

ABSTRACT

Background@#Breast reconstruction using an extended latissimus dorsi (eLD) flap can supplement more volume than reconstruction using various local flaps after partial mastectomy, and it is a valuable surgical method since the reconstruction area is not limited. However, when performing reconstruction, the surgeon should consider latissimus dorsi (LD) volume reduction due to postoperative chemotherapy (POCTx) and postoperative radiotherapy (PORTx). To evaluate the effect of POCTx and PORTx on LD volume reduction, the effects of each therapy—both separately and jointly—need to be demonstrated. The present study quantified LD volume reduction in patients who underwent POCTx and PORTx after receiving breast-conserving surgery (BCS) with an eLD flap. @*Methods@#This study included 48 patients who received immediate breast reconstruction using an eLD flap from January 2013 to March 2017, had chest computed tomography (CT) 7–10 days after surgery and 10–14 months after radiotherapy completion, and were observed for more than 3 years postoperatively. One surgeon performed the breast reconstruction procedures, and measurements of breast volume were obtained from axial CT views, using a picture archiving and communication system. A P-value <0.05 was the threshold for statistical significance. @*Results@#The average volume reduction of LD at 10–14 months after completing POCTx and PORTx was 64.5% (range, 42.8%–81.4%) in comparison to the volume measured 7–10 days after surgery. This change was statistically significant (P<0.05). @*Conclusions@#Based on the findings of this study, when harvesting an eLD flap, surgeons should anticipate an average LD volume reduction of 64.5% if chemotherapy and radiotherapy are scheduled after BCS with an eLD flap.

6.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 534-542, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897127

ABSTRACT

Background@#During the early stages of lymphedema, active physiologic surgical treatment can be applied. However, lymphedema patients often have limited knowledge and misconceptions regarding lymphedema and surgical treatment. We analyzed the correlations between lymphedema severity and surgical technique according to patients’ awareness of surgical treatment for secondary upper extremity lymphedema (UEL). @*Methods@#Patients with UEL diagnosed between December 2017 and December 2019 were retrospectively evaluated. At the time of their presentation to our hospital for the treatment of lymphedema, they were administered a questionnaire about lymphedema and lymphedema surgery. Based on the results, patients were classified as being aware or unaware of surgical treatment. Lymphedema severity was classified according to the arm dermal backflow (ADB) stage and the MD Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC) stage based on indocyanine green lymphography conducted at presentation. Surgical techniques were compared between the two groups. @*Results@#Patients who were aware of surgical treatment had significantly lower initial ADB and MDACC stages (P<0.05) and more frequently underwent physiologic procedures than excisional procedures (P=0.003). @*Conclusions@#If patients are actively educated regarding surgical treatment of lymphedema, physiologic procedures may be performed during the early stages of UEL.

7.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 1-7, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894108

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes of hormone receptor-positive (HR+) human epidermal growth factor 2-negative (HER2–) breast cancer among elderly patients (over 65 years old) and younger patients. @*Methods@#This was a retrospective cohort study of 328 patients who were treated for breast cancer at Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital between January 2009 and December 2014. Tumor characteristics, surgical methods, and survival outcomes were compared between the two age groups (<65 and ≥65 years old). Kaplan-Meier curves for disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were also constructed according to the age groups. @*Results@#Among the 328 patients with HR+ HER2– breast cancer, 184 (56.1%) were <65 years old and 144 (43.9%) were ≥65 years old. Breast cancer stages were similar between the two age groups, but the older patients were treated less often with chemotherapy (81% vs. 66%, P=0.002). During the follow-up period, 17 deaths and 36 cases of recurrence or metastasis were reported. There was no difference in DFS between the two groups (P=0.840); however, the OS of the older age group was significantly lower than that of the younger age group (P=0.015). @*Conclusion@#This study suggested that HR+ HER2– breast cancer patients belonging to the two age groups had no significant difference in DFS. However, older age is an independent factor affecting OS rate. Therefore, even if patients are old, but their physical condition is satisfactory, standard and active treatment may be necessary, similar to that given to younger patients.

8.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 1-7, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901812

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes of hormone receptor-positive (HR+) human epidermal growth factor 2-negative (HER2–) breast cancer among elderly patients (over 65 years old) and younger patients. @*Methods@#This was a retrospective cohort study of 328 patients who were treated for breast cancer at Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital between January 2009 and December 2014. Tumor characteristics, surgical methods, and survival outcomes were compared between the two age groups (<65 and ≥65 years old). Kaplan-Meier curves for disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were also constructed according to the age groups. @*Results@#Among the 328 patients with HR+ HER2– breast cancer, 184 (56.1%) were <65 years old and 144 (43.9%) were ≥65 years old. Breast cancer stages were similar between the two age groups, but the older patients were treated less often with chemotherapy (81% vs. 66%, P=0.002). During the follow-up period, 17 deaths and 36 cases of recurrence or metastasis were reported. There was no difference in DFS between the two groups (P=0.840); however, the OS of the older age group was significantly lower than that of the younger age group (P=0.015). @*Conclusion@#This study suggested that HR+ HER2– breast cancer patients belonging to the two age groups had no significant difference in DFS. However, older age is an independent factor affecting OS rate. Therefore, even if patients are old, but their physical condition is satisfactory, standard and active treatment may be necessary, similar to that given to younger patients.

9.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 534-542, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889423

ABSTRACT

Background@#During the early stages of lymphedema, active physiologic surgical treatment can be applied. However, lymphedema patients often have limited knowledge and misconceptions regarding lymphedema and surgical treatment. We analyzed the correlations between lymphedema severity and surgical technique according to patients’ awareness of surgical treatment for secondary upper extremity lymphedema (UEL). @*Methods@#Patients with UEL diagnosed between December 2017 and December 2019 were retrospectively evaluated. At the time of their presentation to our hospital for the treatment of lymphedema, they were administered a questionnaire about lymphedema and lymphedema surgery. Based on the results, patients were classified as being aware or unaware of surgical treatment. Lymphedema severity was classified according to the arm dermal backflow (ADB) stage and the MD Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC) stage based on indocyanine green lymphography conducted at presentation. Surgical techniques were compared between the two groups. @*Results@#Patients who were aware of surgical treatment had significantly lower initial ADB and MDACC stages (P<0.05) and more frequently underwent physiologic procedures than excisional procedures (P=0.003). @*Conclusions@#If patients are actively educated regarding surgical treatment of lymphedema, physiologic procedures may be performed during the early stages of UEL.

10.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 583-589, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830765

ABSTRACT

Background@#Reduction mammoplasty or mastopexy is performed as an additional balancing procedure in patients with large or ptotic breasts who undergo breast-conserving surgery (BCS). Radiation therapy on breasts that have undergone surgery may result in changes in the volume. This study presents a comparative analysis of patients who received post-BCS balancing procedures to determine whether volume changes were larger in breasts that received radiation therapy than on the contralateral side. @*Methods@#Thirty-six participants were selected among patients who received BCS using the inverted-T scar technique between September 2012 and July 2017, were followed up for 2 or more years, and had pre-radiation therapy computed tomography images and post-radiation therapy images taken between 12 and 18 months after completion. The average age of the participants was 53.5 years, their average body mass index was 26.62 kg/m2. @*Results@#The pre- and post-radiation therapy volumes of the breasts receiving BCS were 666.08±147.48 mL and 649.33±130.35 mL, respectively. In the contralateral breasts, the volume before radiation therapy was 637.69±145.72 mL, which decreased to 628.14±166.41 mL after therapy. The volume ratio of the affected to the contralateral breasts was 1.05±0.10 before radiation therapy and 1.06±0.12 after radiation therapy. @*Conclusions@#The ratio of the volume between the two breasts immediately after surgery and at roughly 18 months postoperatively was not significantly different (P=0.98). For these reasons, we recommend a simultaneous single-stage balancing procedure as a reasonable option for patients who require radiation therapy after BCS without concerns regarding volume change.

11.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 267-271, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830751

ABSTRACT

The latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flap (LDMCF) is widely used for breast reconstruction. However, it has the disadvantage of frequent seroma formation at the donor site, and late seroma has also been reported. The authors report histological findings after the surgical treatment of a late, repeatedly recurrent seroma at 10 years after breast reconstruction with LDMCF. In 2008, a 66-year-old female patient underwent immediate breast reconstruction with LDMCF. In 2015, a late seroma was found at the donor site. After aspiration and drainage, the seroma recurred again in 2018. Total surgical excision of the seroma was performed and bloody-appearing fluid was identified in the capsule. The excised tissue was biopsied. Histological examination revealed no evidence of blood in the fluid, and multinucleated giant cells with amorphous eosinophilic proteinaceous material were identified. The cyst was suggestive of chronic granulomatous inflammation. There was no recurrence at 8 months postoperatively. The patient described herein underwent surgical treatment of late seroma that recurred after immediate breast reconstruction with LDMCF, and histological findings were identified. These results may be helpful for other future studies regarding late seroma after breast reconstruction with LDMCF.

12.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 135-139, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830731

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study aimed to determine the magnitude of volume reduction of the latissimus dorsi (LD) muscle after treatment using only postoperative radiotherapy (PORTx) in patients who underwent immediate breast reconstruction using an extended LD musculocutaneous (eLDMC) flap after partial mastectomy. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed 28 patients who underwent partial mastectomy and an eLDMC flap, received only PORTx, and underwent chest computed tomography (CT) 7 to 10 days after surgery and 18±4 months after the end of radiotherapy, from March 2011 to June 2016. The motor nerve to the LD was resected in all patients. One plastic surgeon performed the procedures, and the follow-up period was at least 36 months (mean, 46.6 months). The author obtained LD measurements from axial CT views, and the measurements were verified by an experienced radiologist. The threshold for statistical significance was set at P<0.05. @*Results@#A statistically significant decrease in the LD volume was found after the end of PORTx (range, 61.19%–80.82%; mean, 69.04%) in comparison to the measurements obtained 7 to 10 days postoperatively (P<0.05). All cases were observed clinically for over 3 years. @*Conclusions@#The size of an eLDMC flap should be determined considering an average LD reduction of 69% after PORTx. Particular care should be taken in determining the size of an eLDMC flap if the LD is thick or if it occupies a large portion of the flap.

13.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 160-164, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830728

ABSTRACT

Background@#Implant-based dual-plane augmentation mammoplasty requires accurate separation of the pectoralis major muscle (PMM) at its origins. The authors identified the PMM origins during breast reconstruction surgery with the goal of providing additional information on subpectoral implant insertion for reconstructive or aesthetic purposes. @*Methods@#This study was conducted on 67 patients who underwent breast reconstruction surgery at the breast center of our hospital between November 2016 and June 2018. In total, 34 left and 39 right hemithoraces were examined. The left and right hemithoraces were each divided into 15 zones to determine the percentage of PMM attachments in each zone. The distribution of PMM origins in each zone was examined to identify any statistically significant differences. @*Results@#There were no statistically significant differences in the origins of the PMM between the right and left hemithoraces. The percentage of attachments increased moving from the fourth to the sixth rib and from the lateral to the medial aspect. @*Conclusions@#The anatomical findings of this study could be used as a reference for accurate dissection of the origins of the PMM for the preparation of the subpectoral pocket for subpectoral implant placement.

14.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 42-48, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830694

ABSTRACT

Background@#Methods for identifying local lymph node metastasis in malignant melanoma include sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) and lymph node dissection (LND). In particular, SLNB has been widely used in recent years. This study aimed to retrospectively confirm the adequacy of the current indication criteria for SLNB by applying those criteria to a mixed group of patients who previously received SLNB and LND. @*Methods@#This study included 77 patients with malignant melanoma of the extremities and trunk who were monitored for >24 months. The patients were classified according to whether the current indication criteria for SLNB were applicable. The sentinel lymph nodes were evaluated for each group. Patients for whom the indication criteria for SLNB and LND were applicable were analyzed according to whether SLNB or LND was performed. Finally, the outpatient records of these patients were reviewed to evaluate recurrence, metastasis, and prognosis. @*Results@#Of the 77 patients, SLNB was indicated according to the current criteria in 60 cases. Among the 60 patients for whom SLNB was indicated, 35 survived the follow-up period disease-free, 21 died during the follow-up period, and four experienced metastasis. The 17 patients for whom SLNB was not indicated had no recurrence or metastasis. @*Conclusions@#Patients for whom SLNB was not indicated had no recurrence or metastasis. In cases where SLNB is indicated, the possibility of metastasis and recurrence may be high even if SLNB is negative or LND is performed, so more aggressive treatment and careful follow-up are crucial.

15.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 441-448, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762863

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare neuroendocrine malignancy affecting the skin, for which timely diagnosis and aggressive treatment are essential. MCC has most often been reported in Caucasians, and case reports in Asians are rare. This study presents our experiences with the surgical treatment and radiotherapy of MCC in Asian patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of seven MCC patients between 2000 and 2018 from a single institution, and analyzed patient characteristics, tumor characteristics, surgical treatment, sentinel lymph node evaluation, reconstruction, adjuvant radiation therapy, and prognosis. RESULTS: Eight MCC lesions occurred in seven patients, most commonly in the head and neck region. All patients underwent surgical excision with reconstruction. The final surgical margin was 1.0 cm in most cases, and reconstruction was most commonly performed with a split-thickness skin graft. Five patients received adjuvant radiotherapy, and two patients received sentinel lymph node biopsy. During the follow-up period, three patients remained well, two died from other causes, one experienced recurrence, and one was lost to follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: We treated seven Asian MCC patients and our series confirmed that MCC is a very dangerous cancer in Asians as well. Based on our experiences, thorough surgical excision of MCC with histopathological clearance should be considered, with sentinel lymph node evaluation if necessary, followed by appropriate reconstruction and careful postoperative observation. Adjuvant radiation therapy is also recommended for all Asian MCC patients. The results of this case series may provide guidance for the treatment of Asian MCC patients in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asian People , Carcinoma, Merkel Cell , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Head , Lost to Follow-Up , Lymph Nodes , Mohs Surgery , Neck , Prognosis , Radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Skin , Transplants
16.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 135-139, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762810

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In immediate breast reconstruction using an extended latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous (eLDMC) flap, the volume of the flap decreases, which causes a secondary deformity of the breast shape. Since little research has investigated this decrease in muscle volume, the authors conducted an objective study to characterize the decrease in muscle volume after breast reconstruction using an eLDMC flap. METHODS: Research was conducted from October 2011 to November 2016. The subjects included 23 patients who underwent mastectomy due to breast cancer, received immediate reconstruction using an eLDMC flap without any adjuvant chemotherapy or radiotherapy, and received a computed tomography (CT) scan from days 7 to 10 after surgery and 6 to 8 months postoperatively. In 10 patients, an additional CT scan was conducted 18 months postoperatively. Axial CT scans were utilized to measure the volumetric change of the latissimus dorsi muscle during the follow-up period. RESULTS: In the 23 patients, an average decrease of 54.5% was observed in the latissimus dorsi muscle volume between the images obtained immediately postoperatively and the scans obtained 6 to 8 months after surgery. Ten patients showed an average additional decrease of 11.9% from 6–8 months to 18 months after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: We studied changes in the volume of the latissimus dorsi muscle after surgery using an eLDMC flap performed after a mastectomy without adjuvant chemotherapy or radiotherapy. In this study, we found that immediate breast reconstruction using a latissimus dorsi muscle flap led to a decrease in muscle volume of up to 50%.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Congenital Abnormalities , Follow-Up Studies , Mammaplasty , Mastectomy , Myocutaneous Flap , Radiotherapy , Superficial Back Muscles , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
17.
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery ; : 254-259, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719059

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The esthetic and functional outcomes of periorbital defect reconstruction are very important because of the complex anatomy and specialized functions of this region. The orbicularis oculi myocutaneous (OOMC) flap is useful for the reconstruction of periorbital defects. But, according to the location and depth of the defects, the reconstruction using OMC flaps with various techniques is rare. The authors have used various kinds of OOMC flaps in various situations and we present an analysis of our experiences. METHODS: From November 2001 to July 2017, we used 36 OOMC flaps to reconstruct 30 periorbital defects in 25 patients. We analyzed the cause of the defect, its location, the type of concomitant surgery, the method of flap movement, and complications. RESULTS: Of the 30 defects, basal cell carcinoma was the most common cause, accounting for 20 cases. When the used OOMC flap was classified according to the location of the defects, the switch flap was used in nine cases among 15 defects of lower eyelid, and the V-Y advancement flap was mainly used for other parts. As surgical methods according to the depth of defect were classified, all cases involving the tarsal plate were reconstructed with a composite graft. In case of skin and muscles, they were reconstructed only with OOMC flap or with full-thickness skin graft. CONCLUSION: The OOMC flap provides good skin quality that is very similar to that of the defect tissue. Depending on the location and depth of the defect, the OOMC flap may be used properly in a variety of ways to achieve good results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Eyelids , Methods , Muscles , Myocutaneous Flap , Skin , Surgical Flaps , Transplants
18.
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery ; : 194-199, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716793

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cases of simultaneous multiple skin cancers in a single patient have become more common. Due to the multiplicity of lesions, reconstruction in such cases is more difficult than after a single lesion is removed. This study presents a series of patients with multiple facial skin cancers, with an analysis of the surgical removal, reconstruction process, and the results observed during follow-up. METHODS: We reviewed 12 patients diagnosed with multiple skin cancers on the face between November 2004 and March 2016. The patients’ medical records were retrospectively reviewed to identify the type of skin cancer, the site of onset, methods of surgical removal and reconstruction, complications, and recurrence during follow-up. RESULTS: Nine patients had a single type of cancer occurring as multiple lesions, while three patients had different skin cancer types that occurred together. A total of 30 cancer sites were observed in the 12 patients. The most common cancer site was the nose. Thirteen defects were reconstructed with a flap, while 18 were reconstructed with skin grafting. The only complication was one case of recurrence of basal cell carcinoma. CONCLUSION: Multiple skin cancers are removed by performing Mohs micrographic surgery or wide excision, resulting in multiple defect sites. The authors emphasize the importance of thoroughly evaluating local lesions surrounding the initially-identified lesions or on other sites when reconstructing a large defect which can not be covered by primary closure. Furthermore, satisfactory results can be obtained by using various methods simultaneously regarding the condition of individual patients, the defect site and size, and the surgeon’s preference.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Follow-Up Studies , Medical Records , Melanoma , Mohs Surgery , Nose , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Skin Neoplasms , Skin Transplantation , Skin
19.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 340-344, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715953

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In performing extended latissimus dorsi (ELD) flap procedures, a skin paddle design on the bra line helps reduce visible scarring. This improves the patient’s satisfaction with the outcome. However, such a design leads to a longer operation time and increased fatigue of the surgeon due to the narrow operative field. In this study, the authors propose a method that elongates the axillary incision line posteriorly by 1.5 cm from the lateral border of the latissimus dorsi muscle. We examined whether this method could shorten the operation time and compared the incidence of complications between patients who underwent this novel procedure and patients who underwent the traditional procedure. METHODS: In this study of patients who underwent ELD flap procedures for immediate breast reconstruction, 89 underwent surgery with the elongated axillary incision and 45 underwent surgery without the elongated incision. The total operation time and complications were retrospectively examined based on the patients’ medical records, and we examined whether there was any statistically significant difference in the total operation time. RESULTS: In the experimental group with the elongated axillary incision, the operation time ranged from 125 to 255 minutes (median, 175 minutes). In contrast, in the control group without the elongated axillary incision, the operation time ranged from 142 and 340 minutes (median, 205 minutes). The operation time was statistically significantly different between the two groups, and no significant complications were observed in the experimental group. CONCLUSIONS: Elongation of the axillary incision alone may shorten the operation time of the ELD flap procedure without causing additional complications.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast , Cicatrix , Fatigue , Incidence , Mammaplasty , Medical Records , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Skin , Superficial Back Muscles , Surgical Flaps
20.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 301-307, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-21728

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Many difficulties exist in establishing a treatment plan for slow-flow vascular malformation (SFVM). In particular, little research has been conducted on the surgical treatment of SFVMs. Thus, we investigated what proportion of SFVM patients were candidates for surgical treatment in clinical practice and how useful surgical treatment was in those patients. METHODS: This study included 109 SFVM patients who received care at the authors' clinic from 2007 to 2015. We classified the patients as operable or non-operable, and analyzed whether the operability and the extent of the excision varied according to the subtype and location of the SFVM. Additionally, we investigated complications and self-assessed satisfaction scores. RESULTS: Of the 109 SFVM patients, 59 (54%) were operable, while 50 (46%) were non-operable. Total excision could be performed in 44% of the operable SFVM patients. Lymphatic malformations were frequently non-operable, while capillary malformations were relatively operable (P=0.042). Total excision of venous malformations could generally be performed, while lymphatic malformations and combined vascular malformations generally could only undergo partial excision (P=0.048). Complications occurred in 11% of the SFVM patients who underwent surgery; these were minor complications, except for 1 case. The average overall satisfaction score was 4.19 out of 5. CONCLUSIONS: Based on many years of experience, we found that approximately half (54%) of SFVM patients were able to undergo surgery, and around half (44%) of those patients were able to fully recover after a total excision. Among the patients who underwent surgical treatment, high satisfaction was found overall and relatively few complications were reported.


Subject(s)
Humans , Capillaries , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Malformations
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