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1.
Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine ; : 38-45, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968234

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#: The purpose of this study is to analyze Mental health literacy in General population. @*Methods@#: We analyze the National Mental Health Literacy and Attitude Survey Data in 2021. We investigate 2016 general population and evaluate sociodemographic characteristics, Mental health literacy and stigma. We utilize 4 Case vignette which consist of Major Depressive Disorder, Schizophrenia, Alcohol Use Disorder and Suicidal Ideation. @*Results@#: Schizophrenia (27.6%) have the lower disease recognition compare to Major Depressive Disorder (43.8%) and Alcohol Use Disorder (61.7%) (p<0.001). The stigma of Alcohol use disorder (52.8%) is highest and the stigma of Schizophrenia (47.2%) is the second highest (p<0.001). @*Conclusions@#: The education and overcoming the stigma in Mental health is needed in Schizophrenia and Alcohol Use Disorder.

2.
Journal of Dental Hygiene Science ; (6): 9-15, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835711

ABSTRACT

Background@#Although the consumption of vitamin beverages has increased because of the recent interest in health and beauty, guidelines addressing appropriate consumption habits are lacking. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the erosive potential of several vitamin beverages and to propose guidelines for the appropriate intake of these drinks. @*Methods@#Five vitamin beverages were selected after a pre-investigation of the current beverage market. Coca-Cola and mineral water were selected as the control beverages. The pH of the beverages was measured with a calibrated pH meter, and the titratable acidity (TA) was determined by using 1 M sodium hydroxide to reach pH 5.5 (TA5.5) and 7.0 (TA7.0). The screening method suggested by the International Organization for Standardization was used to measure pH variation (pH) by using an under-saturated hydroxyapatite solution to determine the difference between the initial and final pH of the screening solution. All measurements were performed in triplicate. @*Results@#All vitamin beverages tested in this study exhibited a low pH (2.53∼2.99), similar to Coca-Cola, which is known to be a highly acidic beverage. The highest TA5.5 and TA7.0 values of the vitamin beverages were 7.03 ml and 8.81 ml, respectively. The largest change in pH determined by using the screening solution was found in Bacchus D (pH 1.44±0.05). The mean pH of the vitamin beverages was 1.12±0.29, which was higher than that of Coca-Cola (positive control, pH 0.58±0.05). @*Conclusion@#Vitamin beverages exhibited an erosive potential capable of damaging enamel surfaces. Therefore, the frequency of vitamin beverage intake should be limited, and individuals consuming these drinks should try to restore normal oral pH as quickly as possible.

3.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Therapies in Psychiatry ; (3): 14-22, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901141

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#:The aim of this study was to examine socio-demographic variables and the correlation of their factors and mental health with resilience in adolescents. @*Methods@#:Participants were 4,325 middle and high school students living in Jeollanam-do, South Korea. Participants completed self-report questionnaires examining socio-demographic characteristics and including the following self-rating scales: the resilience test, the adolescent mental health and problem behavior screening questionnaire-II (AMPQ-II). @*Results@#:The resilience test scores were positively correlated with the adolescent mental health and problem behavior screening questionnaire-II scores (p<0.001). In multiple regression analysis, below average academic achievement (OR 4.05, 95%CI 2.62-6.27, p<0.001), perceived poor relationship with parents (OR 2.91, 95%CI 2.28-3.71, p<0.001), body dissatisfaction (OR 2.09, 95%CI 1.57-2.79, p<0.001), middle school students (OR 2.02, 95%CI 1.59-2.56, p<0.001), male (OR 1.95, 95%CI 1.55-2.46, p<0.001), low socioeconomic status (OR 1.68, 95%CI 1.11-2.52, p=0.014), low maternal education level (OR 1.64, 95%CI 1.09-2.48, p=0.018) showed significant negative correlation with resilience. @*Conclusion@#:Resilience needs to be considered to promote mental health of adolescents. Specifically, interventions providing psychological support should target adolescents with factors correlated low resilience

4.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Therapies in Psychiatry ; (3): 14-22, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893437

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#:The aim of this study was to examine socio-demographic variables and the correlation of their factors and mental health with resilience in adolescents. @*Methods@#:Participants were 4,325 middle and high school students living in Jeollanam-do, South Korea. Participants completed self-report questionnaires examining socio-demographic characteristics and including the following self-rating scales: the resilience test, the adolescent mental health and problem behavior screening questionnaire-II (AMPQ-II). @*Results@#:The resilience test scores were positively correlated with the adolescent mental health and problem behavior screening questionnaire-II scores (p<0.001). In multiple regression analysis, below average academic achievement (OR 4.05, 95%CI 2.62-6.27, p<0.001), perceived poor relationship with parents (OR 2.91, 95%CI 2.28-3.71, p<0.001), body dissatisfaction (OR 2.09, 95%CI 1.57-2.79, p<0.001), middle school students (OR 2.02, 95%CI 1.59-2.56, p<0.001), male (OR 1.95, 95%CI 1.55-2.46, p<0.001), low socioeconomic status (OR 1.68, 95%CI 1.11-2.52, p=0.014), low maternal education level (OR 1.64, 95%CI 1.09-2.48, p=0.018) showed significant negative correlation with resilience. @*Conclusion@#:Resilience needs to be considered to promote mental health of adolescents. Specifically, interventions providing psychological support should target adolescents with factors correlated low resilience

5.
Mood and Emotion ; (2): 71-79, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786422

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to screen Korean college students for correlates, and comorbidities associated with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).METHODS: A total of 2,593 college students participated in the study. Socio-demographic and clinical data were collected and self-report scales, such as the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale-Version 1.1, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, the Korean version of the Mood Disorder, a modified Korean version of the 16-item Prodromal Questionnaire, and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test were included. Students with and without ADHD were compared using univariable analyses, and the association of ADHD with other psychiatric comorbidities was predicted using multivariable analyses.RESULTS: Of the total participants, 4.7% were diagnosed with ADHD. Multivariable analysis revealed that ADHD in college students was significantly associated with depression, psychotic-like experience, alcohol abuse, and female sex after adjustment. We found that ADHD in young college students was associated with several psychiatric comorbidities.CONCLUSION: These results suggest the need for early detection of ADHD in young adults and highlight the importance of implementing early psychiatric intervention for problems such as depression, psychotic-like experience, and alcohol abuse in adults with ADHD.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Alcoholism , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Comorbidity , Depression , Epidemiologic Studies , Mass Screening , Mood Disorders , Prevalence , Weights and Measures
6.
Mood and Emotion ; (2): 152-157, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786888

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine psychosocial factors influencing suicidal ideation of community dwelling elderly, using the senior community center in Jeonnam Province.METHODS: A total of 2,202 subjects (369 males, 1,833 females) were recruited. We evaluated sociodemographic factors, using a self-reporting questionnaire. Subjects completed the Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form Korean Version (SGDS), Multi-dimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), Korean version of the General Health Questionale-12 (GHQ-12) and Satisfaction with Life scale (SWLS), to assess psychosocial factors affecting suicidal ideation.RESULTS: Among 2,202 subjects, 179 (8.1%) reported recent suicidal ideation. Self-perceptive health status (p < 0.001) and physical disease (p=0.002) revealed differences between two groups. The scores of four scales in the suicidal group were significantly different from the control group: SGDS (p < 0.001) and GHQ-12 (p < 0.001) were higher, while MSPSS (p < 0.001) and SWLS (p < 0.001) were lower, in the suicidal ideation group than the control group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that physical disease (OR 2.575, 95%CI 1.022–6.492), SGDS (OR 1.181, 95%CI 1.120–1.246) and GHQ-12 (OR 1.192, 95%CI 1.108–1.283), were significantly associated with suicidal ideation.CONCLUSION: Findings support that physical disease, depression, and general mental health may correlate to suicidal ideation in the elderly.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Depression , Independent Living , Logistic Models , Mental Health , Psychology , Suicidal Ideation , Suicide , Weights and Measures
7.
Mood and Emotion ; (2): 158-162, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786887

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: he purpose of this study was to examine psychosocial factors related to burnout of social welfare officers working in Jeonnam Province.METHODS: A total of 395 social welfare officers (male 99, female 296) working in 22 areas of Jeollanam-do province, were subjects of this study. We examined socio-demographic factors, using a self-reporting questionnaire. Subjects were asked to complete the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS), Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and the Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale (GSS), to assess psychosocial factors affecting to burnout of social welfare officers.RESULTS: Among 395 subjects, 221 (55.9%) reported recent experiences of burnout. There was no significant difference in age between two groups, divided by burnout. Sex (p < 0.001), rank (p=0.003), working period (p=0.034), depression (p < 0.001) revealed differences between the burnout group and control group. Scores of PSS (p < 0.001) were higher, while the scores of GSS (p < 0.001) were lower in the burnout group, than control group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that female (OR 2.840, 95%CI 1.466–5.504, p=0.002), depressive high-risk group (OR 6.824, 95%CI 2.893–16.096, p < 0.001) PSS (OR 1.247, 95%CI 1.153–1.349, p < 0.001) and GSS (OR 0.950, 95%CI 0.930–0.971, p < 0.001), were significantly associated with burnout.CONCLUSION: We found that some factors, were associated with experienced burnout in social welfare officers. Depressive symptoms were the strongest associative factor, for burnout in public servants in charge of social welfare. Sex, stress and self-efficacy also correlated with burnout, and especially self-efficacy was a protecting factor.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Depression , Epidemiologic Studies , Logistic Models , Psychology , Social Welfare
8.
Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine ; : 166-175, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738878

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Shiftwork is known to be one of the common causes of sleep and health problems and finally causes the decreased quality of life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the sleep patterns of shiftworking and daytime psychiatric nurses using actigraphy and compare it with subjective assessment for sleep. METHODS: Twenty-three shift-working and 25 daytime nurses were enrolled. They rated their sleep quality using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index(PSQI) and other self-rating scales were measured for psychosocial aspects. Actigraphy was applied to the subjects for a total of 7 days to measure the sleep parameters. They also wrote sleep diaries during the period of wearing actigraphy. Sleep-related parameters of actigraphy, global score and components of PSQI, and the results of other self-rating scales were compared between shift-working and daytime nurses. RESULTS: Although the global score of PSQI did not show significant difference, the PSQI components showed significant differences between two groups: the shift-working nurses showed lower sleep quality, more sleep disturbance and hypnotic medication use, and worsened daytime dysfunction than daytime nurses. The shift-working nurses showed significantly shorter total time in bed and total sleep time, lower sleep efficiency, and longer average awakening time than those of daytime nurses in actigraphy. CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that shift-working nurses experienced more sleep disturbances in both subjective and objective aspects of sleep than daytime nurses. This study also suggests that actigraphy may be useful to measure the objective aspects of sleep that are difficult to assess with subjective questionnaires alone.


Subject(s)
Actigraphy , Quality of Life , Weights and Measures
9.
Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine ; : 217-226, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-16583

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate changes in, and predictors of, metabolic syndrome(MetS) status over a 5-year period in chronic schizophrenic patients and to identify factors associated with the prevention of or recovery from MetS. METHODS: In total, 107 patients, all of whom provided written informed consent, were followed from 2011 to 2016 at Naju National Hospital for this study. MetS was defined according to the revised National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines. RESULTS: During follow-up period, 22(20.5%) patients were newly diagnosed to MetS, 14(13.1%) were disappeared, 77(66.4%) were not changed[MetS : 34(31.8%), No MetS 37(34.6%)]. Common significant factors in the two changed groups were triglyceride and waist circumference, not dose and type of antipsychotic medication. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that female gender(odds ratio[OR]=2.846, 95% confidence interval[CI] : 1.020-7.942), attending two or more outpatient visits per month(OR=3.155, 95% CI : 1.188-8.379) and taking antidepressant medication(OR=3.991, 95% CI : 1.048-15.205) were significantly associated with MetS after controlling for other confounding variables. Type and dose of antipsychotic medication were not significantly associated with MetS. CONCLUSIONS: Triglyceride and waist circumference were important manageable indicator of MetS. Adoption of a healthy lifestyle is more important than adjusting the dose or type of antipsychotic medication in the treatment of chronic schizophrenia patients with MetS.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Antipsychotic Agents , Cholesterol , Education , Follow-Up Studies , Informed Consent , Life Style , Logistic Models , Outpatients , Schizophrenia , Triglycerides , Waist Circumference
10.
Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy ; : 359-363, 2007.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-224555

ABSTRACT

A pancreatic arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a very rare disease entity that is usually asymptomatic; however, it may present with a massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Recent advances in cross-sectional imaging and the widespread availability of angiography have contributed to the diagnosis of this condition. A patient was transferred to our clinic due to unknown origin gastrointestinal bleeding and upper abdominal pain. Double balloon enteroscopy and duodenoscopy revealed a bleeding pancreatico-cholangio-duodenal fistula. We were able to diagnose an arteriovnous malformation with a pancreatico-cholangio-duodenal fistula by the use of angiography and from the post-operative pathological findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Pain , Angiography , Arteriovenous Malformations , Diagnosis , Double-Balloon Enteroscopy , Duodenoscopy , Fistula , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Hemorrhage , Pancreas , Rare Diseases
11.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 506-515, 2007.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-8708

ABSTRACT

Background: Nosocomial pneumonia in an intensive care unit (ICU) is associated with a high mortality rate. Diagnosing a respiratory tract infection in critically ill patients is still difficult but detailed information for the pathogens is needed to establish an adequate antimicrobial treatment. This study examined the causative organisms and their antimicrobial resistance using bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) from patients suspected of having pneumonia in the ICU. Methods: From January 2004 to June 2006, ICU patients with diffuse lung infiltration were prospectively enrolled. The BAL was used to diagnose the respiratory infection, with 104 > or = organisms considered a positive result. The most common organisms and their antimicrobial resistances were analyzed from the quantitative BAL cultures in the burn ICU and non-burn ICU. Results: A total 72 patients were included, 35 (M 29, F 6) in the burn ICU and 37 (M 26, F 11) in the non-burn ICU. 27 patients (77.1%) in the burn ICU and 22 patients (59.5%) in the non-burn ICU met the criteria for a positive BAL culture. The major pathogens were Staphylococcus aureus, Acinetobacter species and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. All strains (100%) of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from BAL (9 cases) were methicillin-resistant (MRSA) in the burn ICU, but 5 strains (71.4%, 7 cases) were MRSA in the non-burn ICU. Regarding Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the rate of resistance to amikacin, ciprofloxacin, cefepime, imipenem, ceftazidime, piperacillin/tazobactam in the burn and non-burn ICU ranged from 45.5% to 90% and 25% to 50%, respectively. In addition, the rate of resistance of Acinetobacter species to the above drugs in the burn and non-burn ICU ranged from 81.8% to 100% and 62.5% to 100%, respectively. Conclusions: These results are expected to provide useful guidelines for choosing the effective empirical antimicrobial therapy in patients with lung infiltrations in the burn and non-burn ICU.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acinetobacter , Amikacin , Bacteria , Bronchoalveolar Lavage , Burns , Ceftazidime , Ciprofloxacin , Critical Illness , Imipenem , Intensive Care Units , Critical Care , Lung , Methicillin Resistance , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Mortality , Pneumonia , Prospective Studies , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Respiratory Tract Infections , Staphylococcus aureus
12.
Korean Journal of Hematology ; : 439-444, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-720820

ABSTRACT

Primary extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphomas comprise approximately 10% of all non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. However, primary tracheal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is extremely rare, being mainly mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. A 65-year-old female has dry cough for one year. She was diagnosed as diffuse large B-cell lymphoma via bronchoscopic-guided biopsy. She was treated with four cycles of the R-CHOP regimen and adjuvant radiotherapy. After completion of the combined treatment, the treatment response was complete remission, and the disease free survival was 26 months.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , B-Lymphocytes , Biopsy , Cough , Disease-Free Survival , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
13.
Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy ; : 392-396, 2006.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-129878

ABSTRACT

Dieulafoy's lesion is an unusual cause of gastrointestinal hemorrhage that results from the erosion of an abnormally large submucosal artery. In most cases, the lesion is encountered in the proximal stomach within 6 cm of the gastroesophageal junction. However, similar lesions have been reported in the antrum, duodenum, colon, and rectum. In particular, jejunal Dieulafoy's lesion Dieulafoy's lesion is an unusual cause of gastrointestinal hemorrhage that results from the erosion of an abnormally large submucosal artery. In most cases, the lesion is encountered in the proximal stomach within 6 cm of the gastroesophageal junction. However, similar lesions have been reported in the antrum, duodenum, colon, and rectum. In particular, jejunal Dieulafoy's lesion is extremely rare. We report a case of jejunal Dieulafoy's lesion with recurrent and massive bleeding, which was diagnosed and treated with the double-balloon enteroscopy.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Colon , Double-Balloon Enteroscopy , Duodenum , Esophagogastric Junction , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Hemorrhage , Jejunum , Rectum , Stomach
14.
Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy ; : 392-396, 2006.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-129863

ABSTRACT

Dieulafoy's lesion is an unusual cause of gastrointestinal hemorrhage that results from the erosion of an abnormally large submucosal artery. In most cases, the lesion is encountered in the proximal stomach within 6 cm of the gastroesophageal junction. However, similar lesions have been reported in the antrum, duodenum, colon, and rectum. In particular, jejunal Dieulafoy's lesion Dieulafoy's lesion is an unusual cause of gastrointestinal hemorrhage that results from the erosion of an abnormally large submucosal artery. In most cases, the lesion is encountered in the proximal stomach within 6 cm of the gastroesophageal junction. However, similar lesions have been reported in the antrum, duodenum, colon, and rectum. In particular, jejunal Dieulafoy's lesion is extremely rare. We report a case of jejunal Dieulafoy's lesion with recurrent and massive bleeding, which was diagnosed and treated with the double-balloon enteroscopy.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Colon , Double-Balloon Enteroscopy , Duodenum , Esophagogastric Junction , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Hemorrhage , Jejunum , Rectum , Stomach
15.
Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association ; : 1273-1281, 1999.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-91646

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to figure out the characteristics and differences of therapeutic environment by classifying into closed-ward inpatient, open-ward inpatient and community residence outpatient environment and comparing objective and subjective quality of life of each group. METHODS: The subjects consisted of 67 open-ward chronic inpatients, 58 closed -ward inpatients in the National Naju Mental Hospital and 85 outpatients living in Naju. We measured objective and subjective quality of life using semi-structural interview by Leman's quality of life scale and compared the 3 groups. We used one-way ANOVA and chi-square test to analyze the differences of the 3 groups. RESULTS: Open-ward inpatients who have autonomy and various community service program were more satisfied with their general life than the others. Community residence outpatients spent more money and less assaults experience but their leisure activities and social contact frequencies were lower than in the inpatients. Outpatients were less satisfied with their health, finances and leasure activities. Inpatients had more leisure activities and higher social contact frequency than outpatients. They were more satisfied with their finances despite of spending less the money monthly than the outpatients. They experienced violence and damage more often for the past one year and were more satisfied with their health. CONCLUSION: The quality of life reported by chronic mental patients differed according to the characteristics of therapeutic environment. The life-quality of open-ward inpatients were the highest among the 3 groups. It is necessary to serve various community service program so that we can improve the life-quality of community residence outpatients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hospitals, Psychiatric , Inpatients , Leisure Activities , Mentally Ill Persons , Outpatients , Quality of Life , Social Welfare , Violence
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