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1.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 181-189, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874158

ABSTRACT

Background@#Rotaviruses are a major cause of pediatric gastroenteritis. The rotavirus P[6] genotype is the most prevalent genotype isolated from Korean neonates but has rarely been reported in other countries. Histo-blood group antigen (HBGA) is known to play an important role in rotavirus infection. We investigated the relationship between rotavirus genotype and HBGA-Lewis blood type in Korean children and explored the reasons for the predominance of rotavirus P[6] strain in Korean neonates. @*Methods@#Blood and stool samples were collected from 16 rotavirus-infected patients. Rotavirus G (VP7) and P (VP4) genotyping was performed using reverse transcription-PCR and sequencing. Lewis antigen phenotypes (Lea /Leb ) were tested, and HBGA-Lewis genotype was determined by sequencing the secretor (FUT2) and Lewis (FUT3) genes. Deduced amino acid sequences and three-dimensional structures of the VP8* portion of the rotavirus VP4 protein were analyzed. @*Results@#All P[6] rotaviruses were isolated from neonates under one month of age, who were negative or weakly positive for the Leb antigen. However, 10 of the 11 non-P[6] rotaviruses were isolated from older children who were Leb antigen-positive. The VP8* amino acid sequences differed among P[6], P[4], and P[8] genotypes. Korean P[6] strains showed a unique VP8* sequence with amino acid substitutions, including Y169 > L169, which differed from the sequences of P[6] strains from other countries. @*Conclusions@#The predominance of the rotavirus P[6] genotype in Korean neonates may be related to the interaction between HBGA-Lewis antigen and the VP8* portion of the VP4 protein, and this information will be helpful in future neonatal vaccine development.

2.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 379-382, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938581

ABSTRACT

Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHD) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the formation of hair follicle tumors, kidney tumors, and pulmonary cysts with recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax. A 44-year-old woman visited Wonkwang University Hospital with mild dyspnea. A chest X-ray on admission revealed pneumothorax in both lung fields. Chest computed tomography (CT) revealed both pneumothorax and multiple, irregularly shaped, variable-sized cysts in both lung fields. Upon physical examination, white dome-shaped papules were observed on the face. Histological examination of the skin lesion confirmed fibrofolliculoma, and genetic studies revealed a folliculin gene mutation. Abdominal CT revealed a 1-cm small solid renal mass at the lower pole of the right kidney. We surgically removed the renal tumor, and a histological diagnosis of oncocytoma was made. Here, we report a case of BHD that demonstrated all three clinical manifestations; this is the first case report of its kind in Korea.

3.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 379-382, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759943

ABSTRACT

Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHD) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the formation of hair follicle tumors, kidney tumors, and pulmonary cysts with recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax. A 44-year-old woman visited Wonkwang University Hospital with mild dyspnea. A chest X-ray on admission revealed pneumothorax in both lung fields. Chest computed tomography (CT) revealed both pneumothorax and multiple, irregularly shaped, variable-sized cysts in both lung fields. Upon physical examination, white dome-shaped papules were observed on the face. Histological examination of the skin lesion confirmed fibrofolliculoma, and genetic studies revealed a folliculin gene mutation. Abdominal CT revealed a 1-cm small solid renal mass at the lower pole of the right kidney. We surgically removed the renal tumor, and a histological diagnosis of oncocytoma was made. Here, we report a case of BHD that demonstrated all three clinical manifestations; this is the first case report of its kind in Korea.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Adenoma, Oxyphilic , Birt-Hogg-Dube Syndrome , Diagnosis , Dyspnea , Estrone , Hair Follicle , Kidney , Kidney Neoplasms , Korea , Lung , Physical Examination , Pneumothorax , Skin , Thorax , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
4.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 340-346, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713538

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Brain and bone metastases are common in patients with lung cancer. The development of metastasis is associated with poor survival in lung cancer patients. Although tumor morphologic features on radiographs are routinely assessed for differentiation between benign and malignant lung nodules, they are not used to predict metastasis. We assessed morphologic features of pulmonary adenocarcinomas with brain/bone metastasis on computed tomography (CT) to identify related factors for metastasis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of initial chest CT findings (size, type of contour, percentage of necrosis, enhancement, presence or absence of calcification, and air cavity) from 2009 to 2010 of patients with brain or bone metastasis and compared the findings with those of patients without metastases. RESULTS: In total, 128 patients were included (78 men, 52 women; mean age 69 years; range, 36 to 87). Nineteen patients had brain metastases and 32 had bone metastases. Morphologic features associated with brain metastasis included size ≥ 50 mm (odds ratio [OR], 3.37; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.24 to 9.17; p = 0.013), necrosis ≥ 30% (OR, 4.51; 95% CI, 1.62 to 12.55; p =0.002), and presence of calcification (OR, 3.97; 95% CI, 1.16 to 13.55; p = 0.035). Morphologic features associated with bone metastasis included necrosis ≥ 30% (OR, 4.639; 95% CI, 1.98 to 10.82; p < 0.001) and T 3 to 4 stage (OR, 2.53; 95% CI, 1.07 to 6.00; p = 0.031). CONCLUSIONS: We found that necrosis ≥ 30% was associated with pulmonary adenocarcinoma with brain and bone metastasis at initial chest CT morphologic feature. To validate these results, further research should be conducted.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adenocarcinoma , Brain , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Necrosis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
5.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 533-535, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-122513

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Foreign Bodies , Granuloma, Foreign-Body , Lipectomy
6.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 608-613, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-226480

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Twenty-nail dystrophy (TND) is an acquired idiopathic disease characterized by dull, thin, lusterless, and fragile nails with fissuring, small regular pits, and excessive longitudinal ridging. Although various treatment modalities have been performed in order to treat TND, the effects of these treatments are controversial. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of oral cyclosporine in TND. METHODS: A total of 38 patients with TND were treated with combination therapy using oral cyclosporine with a pantothenic acid complex-based dietary supplement (Pantogar®; Merz Pharmaceuticals GmbH, Germany), whereas 44 patients were treated with the pantothenic acid complex-based dietary supplement alone. The therapeutic efficacy in each group was retrospectively evaluated using medical records and clinical photographs. RESULTS: The cyclosporine therapy group had significantly more patients whose improvement was rated as almost clear, marked, or moderate compared to the control group (p<0.001). While the mean CHATS (Color, Hyperkeratosis, Area, Thickness, Separation) score of the cyclosporine therapy group was decreased by 13.45 (from 30.95 to 17.5) after treatment, the mean CHATS score of the control group was only decreased by 8 (from 29.43 to 21.43, p<0.001). Moreover, greater Dermatology Life Quality Index changes after treatment were observed in the cyclosporine therapy group (p=0.085). CONCLUSION: Oral cyclosporine can be a valuable therapeutic option in patients with TND.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cyclosporine , Dermatology , Dietary Supplements , Medical Records , Pantothenic Acid , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies
7.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 615-618, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-112168

ABSTRACT

Nevus sebaceous is a common congenital cutaneous hamartoma occurring mainly on the face and scalp. It is well known that secondary neoplasms can be easily observed in the primary lesion. However, a case of trichoblastoma and compound nevus concurrently arising from nevus sebaceous has not been previously reported. A 26-year-old woman presented with a well-demarcated atrophic skin-colored plaque on her scalp from birth. On the plaque, a black dome-shaped round nodule and a brownish nodule with irregular margins were found one week previously without subjective symptoms. Histopathological examination of the central plaque lesion revealed epidermal hyperplasia and hyperplasia of the sebaceous glands and eccrine glands. In addition, ectopic, dilated apocrine glands were revealed in the lower dermis, and the hair follicles remained small and primordial, consistent with nevus sebaceous. A section of the black nodule showed palisading basaloid cells surrounded by abundant fibrous stroma. Nests of nevus cells were found at the dermo-epidermal junction and dermis in the brownish nodule. Based on these findings, the black nodule and brownish nodule were diagnosed as trichoblastoma and compound nevus, respectively. Herein, we report an interesting case of trichoblastoma and compound nevus concurrently arising from nevus sebaceous, which is, to our knowledge, the first such report in the dermatologic literature.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Apocrine Glands , Dermis , Eccrine Glands , Hair Follicle , Hamartoma , Hyperplasia , Nevus , Parturition , Scalp , Sebaceous Glands
8.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 249-254, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-162890

ABSTRACT

With increasing public concern about facial wrinkles and loss of skin elasticity due to aging, diverse devices have been proposed as treatment modalities for facial wrinkles and laxity. Recently, ultrasonography was introduced as a new treatment modality for therapeutic and cosmetic purposes. High-intensity focused ultrasonography (HIFU) may be the best example of this technique. It is based on the principle of induction of tissue damage and regeneration of the target area selectively via coagulation by generating microthermal injury lesions through the accumulation of high-frequency ultrasonography beams at the specific tissue site without any damage to the epidermis and adjacent tissue. Current studies reveal that HIFU significantly improves facial wrinkles and skin contours, with generally mild and transient side effects. However, serious adverse events could occur when skillful techniques are not used. These events should be prevented and treated immediately upon presentation to avoid permanent complications. In this article, the authors reviewed the background, principle, treatment outcomes, and side effects of HIFU to improve its efficacy and safety as a new modality for facial rejuvenation.


Subject(s)
Aging , Elasticity , Epidermis , Regeneration , Rejuvenation , Skin , Ultrasonography
9.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 487-489, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-134777

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Cyclosporine , Scleroderma, Localized
10.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 487-489, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-134776

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Cyclosporine , Scleroderma, Localized
11.
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine ; : 44-47, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-60379

ABSTRACT

Primary dissection of the renal artery is rare. Spontaneous renal artery dissection can be associated with diseases such as medial degeneration, neurofibromatosis, syphilitic arteritis, tuberculosis, polyarteritis nodosa, Marfan syndrome, fibromuscular dysplasia, or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). Among these causes, EDS related renal artery dissection is very rare worldwide and has not been previously reported in Korea. EDS are a group of heritable connective tissue disorders characterized by fragility of the skin and hypermobility of the joints. We describe the case history of a young man who presented with left side flank pain, hypermobility of the hand joints and showed left renal artery dissection on computed tomography and angiography that turned out to be the first complication of vascular type EDS.


Subject(s)
Angiography , Arteritis , Connective Tissue , Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome , Fibromuscular Dysplasia , Flank Pain , Hand Joints , Joints , Korea , Marfan Syndrome , Neurofibromatoses , Polyarteritis Nodosa , Renal Artery , Skin , Tuberculosis
12.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 178-183, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-182982

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: It has been reported that nail psoriasis is common in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients, however, studies on the prevalence of PsA with nail psoriasis and the relationship between the severity of the diseases has not previously been reported in Korea. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate nail psoriasis and its relation to psoriasis and PsA. METHODS: After researching past medical records, 48 patients with nail psoriasis and 247 patients without nail psoriasis were enrolled in this study. Nail psoriasis was classified according to the morphologic types of nails and severity was evaluated using the modified nail psoriasis severity score index (mNAPSI). We assessed the severity of psoriasis and PsA by psoriasis area and severity index (PASI), and swollen and tender joint counts (STJC), respectively. Finally, we analyzed the relationship between mNAPSI, PASI, and STJC. RESULTS: Nail involvement was observed in 48 (16.3%) of 295 patients. Prevalence of PsA was higher in nail psoriasis (31.3%) than in uncomplicated psoriasis (9.3%, p<0.001). mNAPSI showed a positive correlation with STJC (p=0.002, Pearson correlation=0.427), but not with PASI (p=0.094, Pearson correlation=0.202). CONCLUSION: The results show that PsA is more common and severe in psoriatic patients with nail involvement than in uncomplicated psoriasis. Clinicians should be alert to nail involvement in psoriatic patients, as it could be related to the disease course and prognosis of PsA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Psoriatic , Joints , Korea , Medical Records , Prevalence , Prognosis , Psoriasis
13.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 90-100, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-20372

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and statins are potential chemopreventive or chemotherapeutic agents. The mechanism underlying the deregulation of survivin by NSAIDs and statins in human non-small cell lung cancer cells has not been elucidated. In this study, we investigated the synergistic interaction of sulindac and simvastatin in lung cancer A549 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell viability was measured by an MTT assay, while the expression of apoptotic markers, AKT, and survivin in response to sulindac and simvastatin was examined by Western blotting. DNA fragmentation by apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry in A549 cells. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation was measured by flow cytometry using H2DCFDA and MitoSOX Red, and the effects of pretreatment with N-acetylcysteine were tested. The effects of AKT on survivin expression in sulindac- and simvastatin-treated cells were assessed. Survivin was knocked down or overexpressed to determine its role in apoptosis induced by sulindac and simvastatin. RESULTS: Sulindac and simvastatin synergistically augmented apoptotic activity and intracellular ROS production in A549 cells. Inhibition of AKT by siRNA or LY294002 inhibited survivin, while AKT overexpression markedly increased survivin expression, even in the presence of sulindac and simvastatin. Moreover, survivin siRNA enhanced sulindac- and simvastatininduced apoptosis. In contrast, survivin upregulation protected against sulindac- and simvastatin-induced apoptosis. CONCLUSION: Combined treatment with sulindac and simvastatin augmented their apoptotic potential in lung cancer cells through AKT signaling-dependent downregulation of survivin. These results indicate that sulindac and simvastatin may be clinically promising therapies for the prevention of lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acetylcysteine , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Cell Survival , DNA Fragmentation , Down-Regulation , Flow Cytometry , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Lung Neoplasms , Oncogene Protein v-akt , Reactive Oxygen Species , RNA, Small Interfering , Simvastatin , Sulindac , Up-Regulation
15.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 272-275, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-114237

ABSTRACT

Malignant melanoma occurs most frequently on the skin. However, it can also arise in other organs and tissues of the body. Primary pulmonary malignant melanoma is a very rare non-epithelial neoplasm accounting for 0.01% of all primary pulmonary tumors. The treatment of choice is surgical resection of the tumor with an oncologically adequate margin as in lobectomy or pneumonectomy. The prognosis of this condition is rather poor. Based on previous data, its 5-year survival is at least 10%. Here, we report a case of an 82-year-old woman whose primary pulmonary melanoma was detected incidentally.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Lung , Melanoma , Pneumonectomy , Prognosis , Skin
16.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 56-61, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-106134

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis produces no specific symptoms or radiologic findings, allowing for the possibility of misdiagnosis. We evaluated the specific clinical and pleural fluid features of pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis masquerading as pleural tuberculosis. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and radiologic characteristics of 20 patients diagnosed with pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis between 2001 and 2011. RESULTS: In total, 17 patients presented with respiratory symptoms, including dyspnea (30%), hemoptysis (20%), cough (20%), and pleuritic chest pain (15%). Chest radiographs revealed intrapulmonary parenchymal lesions, including air-space consolidation (30%), nodular opacities (20%), cystic lesions (15%), ground-glass opacities (10%), and pneumothorax (5%). A pleural f luid examination revealed eosinophilia, low glucose levels, and high lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels in 87%, 76%, and 88% of the patients, respectively. These traits helped to distinguish pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis from other pleural diseases such as parapneumonic effusion, malignancy, and pleural tuberculosis. CONCLUSIONS: Pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis is often initially misdiagnosed as other pleural diseases. Therefore, it is important to establish the correct diagnosis. In patients with unexplained pleural effusion living in paragonimiasis-endemic areas, pleural fluid obtained by thoracentesis should be examined to distinguish pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis. When marked eosinophilia, high LDH levels, and low glucose levels are identified in pleural fluid, physicians could consider a diagnosis of pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Animals , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Biomarkers/analysis , Diagnosis, Differential , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Eosinophilia/diagnosis , Glucose/analysis , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/analysis , Lung Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Paracentesis , Paragonimiasis/diagnosis , Paragonimus westermani/isolation & purification , Pleural Effusion/diagnosis , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Tuberculosis, Pleural/diagnosis
17.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 186-193, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-106242

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Hollow fiber assays offer an early in vivo method of anticancer drug screening. The assays have been optimized for human cancers originating from the lung, breast, colon, ovary, and brain, but not from the stomach and liver. The current study focused on optimization of hollow fiber assays for gastric and hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gastric (SNU-16, SNU-484, SNU-668) and hepatocellular (HepG2, SK-Hep-1, Hep3B) carcinoma cell lines in hollow fibers were transplanted subcutaneously and intraperitoneally into mice, which were subsequently treated with a standard anticancer agent, paclitaxel. The hollow fiber activity of paclitaxel in each cell line was compared with the xenograft activity. RESULTS: Using optimized inoculation densities and schedules, treatment with paclitaxel was effective in gastric carcinoma cell lines, SNU-16 and SNU-484, but not in SNU-668. In the hollow fiber assays, paclitaxel was effective in hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines, HepG2 and SK-Hep-1, but not in Hep3B. Consistent with the results of the hollow fiber assay, SNU-16 and SNU-484, but not SNU-668, showed tumor regression, and HepG2 and SK-Hep-1, but not Hep3B, showed effective tumor responses following treatment with paclitaxel in xenograft models. When EW7197, a novel compound, and flavopiridol were tested in SNU-16 cells under optimized conditions, the hollow fiber activity showed good correlation with the xenograft activity of each compound. CONCLUSION: Our protocols may be useful for screening candidate small molecules that may exhibit activity against stomach and liver cancers, both of which are common in Korea.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Appointments and Schedules , Brain , Breast , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cell Line , Colon , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Heterografts , Korea , Liver , Liver Neoplasms , Lung , Mass Screening , Ovary , Paclitaxel , Stomach Neoplasms , Stomach
18.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 289-291, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-107318

ABSTRACT

Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH), a type of sarcoma, is a malignant neoplasm with uncertain origins that arise from both the soft tissues and the bone. The occurrence of MFH on the chest wall is extremely rare. We hereby report a case of a 72-year-old woman who was incidentally detected with MFH after a traffic accident.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Accidents, Traffic , Hemothorax , Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous , Sarcoma , Thoracic Wall
19.
Diabetes & Metabolism Journal ; : 280-284, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-21228

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of hypoglycemia is increasing due to the growing incidence of diabetes and the latest strict guidelines for glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels under 7%. This study examined the clinical characteristics, causal factors, and medical costs of severely hypoglycemic patients in an emergency room (ER) of Uijeongbu St. Mary's Hospital. METHODS: The study consisted of a retrospective analysis of the characteristics, risk factors, and medical costs of 320 severely hypoglycemic patients with diabetes who presented to an ER of Uijeongbu St. Mary's Hospital from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2009. RESULTS: Most hypoglycemic patients (87.5%, 280/320) were over 60 years old with a mean age of 69.5+/-10.9 years and a mean HbA1c level of 6.95+/-1.46%. Mean serum glucose as noted in the ER was 37.9+/-34.5 mg/dL. Renal function was decreased, serum creatinine was 2.0+/-2.1 mg/dL and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was 48.0+/-33.6 mL/min/1.73 m2. In addition, hypoglycemic patients typically were taking sulfonylureas or insulin and a variety of other medications, and had a long history of diabetes. CONCLUSION: Severe hypoglycemia is frequent in older diabetic patients, subjects with low HbA1c levels, and nephropathic patients. Therefore, personalized attention is warranted, especially in long-term diabetics with multiple comorbidities who may not have been properly educated or may need re-education for hypoglycemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Comorbidity , Creatinine , Diabetes Mellitus , Emergencies , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Glucose , Hemoglobins , Hypoglycemia , Incidence , Insulin , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
20.
Immune Network ; : 66-69, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-154682

ABSTRACT

The immunological death induction by EY-6 on the human tumor cell lines was screened. Human colon carcinoma (HCT15, HCT116), gastric carcinoma (MKN74, SNU668), and myeloma (KMS20, KMS26, KMS34) cells were died by EY-6 treatment with dose-dependent manner. CRT expression, a typical marker for the immunological death, was increased on the EY-6-treated colorectal and gastric cancer cells. Interestingly, the effects on the myeloma cell lines were complicated showing cell line dependent differential modulation. Cytokine secretion from the EY-6 treated tumor cells were dose and cell-dependent. IFN-gamma and IL-12 secretion was increased in the treated cells (200% to over 1000% of non-treated control), except HCT116, SNU668 and KMS26 cells which their secretion was declined by EY-6. Data suggest the potential of EY-6 as a new type of immuno-chemotherapeutics inducing tumor-specific cell death. Further studies are planned to confirm the efficacy of EY-6 including in vivo study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Calreticulin , Cell Death , Cell Line , Cell Line, Tumor , Colon , Interleukin-12 , Stomach Neoplasms
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