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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878809

ABSTRACT

This work was launched to study on the chemical constituents from Euphorbia thymifolia. Thirteen compounds were isolated from the 95% ethanol extract of the aerial parts of E. thymifolia by column chromatographies on silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, MCI, and ODS, and preparative HPLC, including two thymol derivatives(1-2), four alkaloids(3-6), five isocoumarins(7-11), together with two ellagic acids(12-13). All the compounds are listed as follows:(Z)-8,9-dehydro-9,10-diisobutyryloxythymol(1), 8-hydro-xy-9,10-diisobutyryloxythymol(2), N-(N-benzoyl-L-phenylalanyl)-L-phenylalanol(3), aurantiamide acetate(4), 1-carboethoxy-β-carboline(5), isoechinulin A(6), ethyl brevifolincarboxylate(7), euphorhirtin B(8), 4,5-didehydro chebulic acid triethyl ester(9), euphorhirtin G(10), pomegranatate(11), 3,3',4'-tri-O-methylellagic acid(12), 3,3'-di-O-methylellagic acid(13). Compound 1 is a new compound. Except for compound 4, the others were isolated from this plant for the first time. All the compounds were screened for anti-neuroinflammatory activity in vitro, and compounds 1-3 and 7 showed significant activity with IC_(50) values of 0.19,12.93,7.29,25.4 μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Euphorbia
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878789

ABSTRACT

Three phenylpropanoid glycosides were purified by extensive chromatographic techniques including column chromatography over microporous resin, MCI, diol, sephadex LH-20, reverse phase C_(18) from water-extracts of Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma. Their planar structures were elucidated by combination of various spectroscopic method, such as IR, UV, MS, and NMR. The absolute configuration of aglycone was determined by quantum chemical calculations. Their structures were elucidated as(8R)-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-propanol-2-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(1), kalopanaxin D(2),(E)-4-hydroxycinnamyl alcohol 4-O-[2'-O-β-D-apiofuranosyl(1″→2')]-β-D-glucopyranoside(3). Compound 1 was undescribed previously. Compounds 2 and 3 were firstly isolated from Sophora genus.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ethanol , Glycosides , Rhizome , Sophora
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256046

ABSTRACT

Twenty five known aromatic glycosides (1-25) and three known sesquiterpene glycosides (26-28) have been isolated from the twigs of Litsea cubeba by using various chromatographic techniques. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic data analysis (MS, IR, 1D and 2D NMR) as (7S,8R)-dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol 4,9'-di-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(1),(7S,8R)-5-methoxydihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(2), (7S,8R)-urolignoside(3), (7R,8S)-dihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(4), saposide B(5), lanicepside A(6), matairesinol-4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (7), tyraxjaponoside B(8), (+)-lyoniresinol-9'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (9), alaschanisoside A (10), syringin (11), psoralenoside (12), isopsoralenoside (13), scopolin(14), 2,6-dimethoxy-4-hydroxyphenol-1-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (15), 3-hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxyphenyl-β-D-glucopyranoside (16), 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)ethyl-β-D-glucopyrnoside (17), 2-(4-dihydroxyphenyl)ethyl-β-D-glucopyranoside (18), (+)-catechin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (19), 3'-O-methylepicatechin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (20), kaempferitrin (21), quercetin-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranside (22), kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (23), kaempferol 3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→2)-O-β-D-galactopyr anoside-7-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (24), quercetin 3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1→6)-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→3)-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1→2)-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (25), staphylionoside D(26), vomifoliol 9-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (27), dihydrovomifoliol-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (28). Compounds 1-21 and 24-28 were obtained from this genus for the first time.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275441

ABSTRACT

A new styrene dimer derivative has been isolated from the branch of Litsea greenmaniana by column chromatography over silica gel and Sephadex LH-20, as well as semi-preparative HPLC. Its structure was identified by spectroscopic data analysis (MS, UV, IR, 1D and 2D NMR) as (E)-2,4-bis(p-hydroxyphenyl)-2-butenol, named as listeanol. At a concentration of 1×10-5 mol•L⁻¹, compound 1 was inactive in the assays, including cytotoxicity against human tumor cell lines (HCT-8, Bel-7402, BGC-823, A549 and A2780), antioxidant activity in Fe²⁺-cystine-induced rat liver microsomal lipid peroxidation, neuroprotective activity against serum deprivation or glutamate induced neurotoxicity in cultures of PC12 cells, and the inhibitory activity against protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B).

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 598-602, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779634

ABSTRACT

A new phomapyrone derivative (1), and 9 known compounds were isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction of solid fermentation of Fusarium redolens, the endophytic fungus from Edgeworthia chrysantha, by using various isolation techniques such as Sephadex LH-20, MCI GEL and Semi pre-HPLC, etc. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic analysis, including MS, UV, CD, specific rotation, IR, 1D and 2D NMR, as (+)-7S-4-deoxy-9-hydroxyphomapyrone C (1), uracil (2), uridine (3), 2'-deoxyuridine (4), adenosine (5), 2'-deoxyadenosine (6), cordysinin B (7), ergosterol (8), ergosta-5α, 8β-epidioxy-6, 22-dien-3β-ol (9), and (22E, 24S)-3α-hydroxy-24-methylcholesta-5, 8, 22-trien-7-one (10).

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250413

ABSTRACT

Two new phenylpropanoids(1 and 2), together with thirteen known compounds(3-15), have been isolated from the root of Paeonia lactiflora by using various chromatographic techniques. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic data analysis(MS,IR,1D and 2D NMR)as(+)-(7R,8R)-1-guaiacyl-1,2-propanediolacetonide(1),(-)-(7R,8S)-1-guaiacyl-1,2-propanediolacetonide(2),O-senecioyllomatin(3),O-angeloyllomatin(4),(+)-cis-3'-senecioyloxy-4'-angeloyloxy-3',4'-dihydroseselin(5),columbianadin(6), benzyl 2,5-dihydroxybenzoate(7),3,6-dimethyl-5-hydroxyBenzo-furan(8),(S)-evofolin-A(9),2,3-dihydroxy-4-methoxyacetophenone(10), 2,5-dihydroxy-4-methoxyacetophenone(11), 2,5-dihydroxy-4-methyl acetophenone(12),ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate(13), vanillic acid(14),and 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde(15).Compounds 1 and 2 were new compounds,and compounds 3-9 were obtained from the genus Paeonia for the first time.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237684

ABSTRACT

From an aqueous extract of Lonicera japonica flower buds, sixteen compounds were isolated by a combination of various chromatographic techniques including column chromatography over macroporous resin, MCI gel, silica gel, and sephadex LH-20 and reversed-phase HPLC. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic data analysis as 6'-O-acetylvogeloside (1), 6'-O-acetylsecoxyloganin (2), dichlorogelignate (3), guanosinyl-(3' --> 5')-adenosine monophosphate(GpA,4) , 5'-O-methyladenosine (5), 2'-O-methyladenosine (6), adenosine (7), syringin (8), methyl 4-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl caffeate (9), (-)-dihydrophaseic acid 4'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (10), ketologanin (11), 7α-morroniside (12), 7β-morroniside (13), kingiside (14), cryptochlorogenic acid methyl ester (15), and 6-hydroxymethyl-3-pyridinol (16). All the compounds were obtained from this plant for the first time, compounds 1 and 2 are new compounds, 3 and 5 are new natural products, and 4 is the first example of dinucleoside monophosphate isolated from a plant extract.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Flowers , Chemistry , Lonicera , Chemistry , Mass Spectrometry , Molecular Structure
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351251

ABSTRACT

A reasonable and practicable quality standard was developed for mori liquid extract from different sources by TLC, HPLC and fingerprint technology. In TLC method, the compounds were separated on polyamide film using glacial acetic acid-water (1: 3) as mobile phase at a UV wavelength of 365 nm. All qualified samples had the spots of the same color as the control herb and substance. The RP-HPLC method was used to determine the content of mulberroside A with mobile phase of methanol-water (25: 75) at a wave-length of 326 nm. The mulberroside A was in good linear with a regression equation of Y = 46.965X (r = 0.999 6) in the range of 4.6 - 228 mg x L(-1). In 14 batches of samples, the mulberroside A in 4 batches of them was less than 0.5 g x L(-1), and was more than 2.0 g x L(-1) in the other batches. It was suggested that the content limit of mulberroside A should be no less than 1.5 g x L(-1). The HPLC fingerprints were evaluated by the similarities. It has found that the similarities of different mori liquid extracts were very low and the chemical diversity of mori cortex was the major factor of similarity. Moreover, the process impact was minimal. Thus the fingerprint was not included in this quality standard.


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Disaccharides , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Morus , Chemistry , Quality Control , Stilbenes , Chemistry
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294105

ABSTRACT

Eighteen compounds were isolated by a combination of various chromatographic techniques including column chromatography over macroporous resin, MCI gel, silica gel, and sephadex LH-20 and reversed-phase HPLC. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic data analysis as adinoside A (1), stryspinoside (2), benzyl alcohol beta-glucopyranoside (3), benzyl 2-o-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-2,6-dihydroxybenzoate (4) , gentisic acid 2-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (5), eugenyl beta-D-glucopyranoside (6) , eugenyl-P-xylopyranosyl-(1-->6)-beta-glucopyranoside (7), (-)-lyoniresinol 9-O-fP-D-glucopyranoside (8) , (+)-lyoniresinol 9-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (9) , apigenin-7-O-L-rhamnopyranoside (10), luteolin-3 '-O-L-rhamnoside (11) , ursolic acid (12) , beta-sitosteryl-3beta-glucopyranoside-6'-O-palmitate (13), abscisic acid (14), guanosine (15), 5-methyluracil (16), trans-cinnamic acid (17), and 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde(18). These compounds were obtained from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Benzaldehydes , Flowers , Chemistry , Gentisates , Glucosides , Hydroxybenzoates , Lonicera , Chemistry , Luteolin , Thymine , Triterpenes
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350672

ABSTRACT

A new compound (1), together with ten known compounds (2-11), have been isolated from the branch of Litsea greenmaniana by using various chromatographic techniques. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic data analysis as N-trans-3, 4-methylenecinnamoyl-3-methoxytyramine (1), N-trans-feruloyltyramine (2), N-cis-feruloyltyramine (3), (+)-sesamin (4), (+)-pinoresinol(5), cinnamophilin (6), dihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol (7), benzoic acid (8), 4-hydroxy ethylbenzoate (9), p-hydroxybenzaldehyde(10), and 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-benzyl alcohol (11). Compound 1 was a new compound, and compounds 2-11 were obtained from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Litsea , Chemistry , Mass Spectrometry , Molecular Structure
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264835

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the chemical constituents from the branch of Fraxinus sieboldiana, and evaluate their antioxidative activity.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The chemical constituents were isolated and purified by chromatographic techniques over silica gel, macroporous adsorbent resin, Sephadex LH-20, and preparative HPLC. Structures of the compounds were identified by spectroscopic methods. The antioxidant activity was evaluated by Fe(+2)-cystine induced rat liver microsomal lipid peroxidation.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Eight coumarins were obtained and their structures were elucidated as esculin (1) , esculetin (2), fraxin (3), fraxetin (4), 6, 7-di-O-beta-D-glucopyranosylesculetin (5), scopoletin (6), cleomiscosin D (7) and cleomiscosin B (8). At a concentration of 10(-6) mol x L(-1), compound 4 showed antioxidative activity inhibiting Fe(+2)-cystine induced rat liver microsomal lipid peroxidation with inhibitory rate of 60%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compounds 5, 7 and 8 were obtained from the genus Fraxinus for the first time. Compound 4 showed remarkable antioxidative activity, which was higher than that of VE (35%).</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Coumarins , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Fraxinus , Chemistry , Lipid Peroxidation , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Microsomes, Liver , Metabolism , Rats , Scopoletin , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Umbelliferones , Chemistry , Pharmacology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235241

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the chemical constituents of the brach of Macaranga adenantha, and evaluate their TNF-alpha inhibitory activity.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The chemical conshifuents were isolated and purified by chromatographic methods. Structures of the compounds were identified by spectroscopic methods. The TNF-alpha secretion inhibitory activity of the mouse peritoneal macrophages was evaluated by MTT methods.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Ten compounds were isolated and their structures were identified as: cleomiscosin A (1), cleomiscosin B (2), ellagic acid 4-O-alpha-D-rhamnopyranside (3), ellagic acid 4-O-beta-D-xylopyranoside (4), vanillic acid (5), (24R) -stigmast-4-en-3-one (6), (24R) -stigmast-3, 6-dione (7), (24R) -6beta-hydroxy-stigmast-4-en-3-one (8), daucosterol (9), beta-sitosteryl glucoside-6'-O-heptadecoicate (10). At a concentration of 10 micromol x L(-1), compounds 1, 3 and 4 showed inhibitory activity to TNF-alpha secretion of the mouse peritoneal macrophages with the inhibitory rates of 57.0%, 64.4%, and 57. 4%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>All compounds were isolated from genus Macaranga for the first time. Compounds 1, 3, and 4 were active against TNF-alpha secretion of the mouse peritoneal macrophages.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Survival , Coumarins , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Ellagic Acid , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Euphorbiaceae , Chemistry , Macrophages, Peritoneal , Cell Biology , Bodily Secretions , Mice , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312743

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants who were discharged from neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at 1 year of age and the impact factors contributing to the neurodevelopmental outcome and to study whether early intervention can improve the neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm infants.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Early intervention guidance and follow-up visits were performed after the preterm infants discharged from NICU. The infants received the infant development test of Child Development Centre of China (CDCC) for neurological development at 1 year of age. The neurodevelopmental outcome was evaluated based on mental development index (MDI) and physical development index (PDI). MDI and PDI > 85 was defined as normal, MDI or PDI between 70 and 85 as critical and MDI or PDI < 70 as abnormal. Social-domestic and clinical factors related to neurological development were analyzed by ANOVA or chi-square test. Potential high risk factors were analyzed with logistic regression. To investigate the effects of intervention compliance on neurological development, the infants were classified into two groups according to different intervention compliances. The good compliance group included infants who received a through familial intervention for more than 4 days weekly (30 minutes daily) and consulted with physicians more than 5 times in 1 year. The infants who did not receive the interventions as the good compliance group served as the bad compliance group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>This study consisted of 210 infants, with a mean gestational age of 33.2 +/- 2.6 weeks and a mean birth weight of 1923.3 +/- 558.8 g. Normal, critical and abnormal neurological development occurred in 123 cases (58.6%), 61 cases (29.0%) and 26 cases (12.4%) respectively. Eighteen infants (8.6%) had mental lag and 9 (4.3%) had cerebral palsy (CP). The MDI and PDI scores of the good compliance group (111 cases) were 97.15 +/- 17.38 and 94.23 +/- 18.55 respectively, which were markedly higher than those of the bad compliance group (89.87 +/-18.92 and 87.20 +/-19.12; P < 0.05). The incidence of CP (3/111, 2.7%) in the good compliance group was lower than that of the bad compliance group (5/99, 6.1%) although there were no statistical differences. Parents' education level, multiple birth, serious intracranial hemorrhage and apnea were risk factors for adverse neurodevelopmental outcome.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Preterm infants discharged from NICU are a high risk group of neurodevelopmental disablement. Early intervention can improve the neurodevelopmental outcome of perterm infants at high risk.</p>


Subject(s)
Child Development , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Logistic Models , Nervous System , Patient Compliance , Prognosis , Risk Factors
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283379

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the chemical constituents of Bauhinia aurea.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The compounds were isolated by column chromatography over silica gel, reversed-phase RP-18, and Sephadex LH -20. MS and NMR spectroscopic methods were used to determine structures of purified compounds.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Eight compounds were isolated from the ethyl acetate soluble fraction of the ethanolic extract and their structures were elucidated as isoengeletin (1), astilbin (2), neoastilbin (3), isoastilbin (4), neoisoastilbin (5), (+)-catechin (6), (-)-epicatechin (7) and (-)-epicatechin 3-O-gallate (8).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Five compounds were isolated from this genus for the first time except for 2, 6 and 8.</p>


Subject(s)
Bauhinia , Chemistry , Catechin , Chemistry , Chromatography, Gel , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Flavonoids , Chemistry , Flavonols , Chemistry , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Mass Spectrometry , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry
15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 530-534, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233910

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To examine the reliability and validity of the 66-item version on the gross motor function measure (GMFM-66) to assess the gross motor functions of children below 3 years oldwith cerebral palsy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>298 valid samples were obtained from 171 children with cerebral palsy (male 126, female 45 with mean age 19 months, age range 3-36 months) measured with GMFM-88. Then a 73-item version of GMFM (GMFM-73) special for these children was obtained by Rasch analysis. Both GMFM-66 and GMFM-73 scores of to each sample were obtained. The reliability and validity of GMFM-66 were evaluated through analyzing the correlation between the scores and between the changed scores of these two GMFM versions. The relative precision of GMFM-73 versus GMFM-66 was also analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Significant correlations were found between the scores and between the changed scores of these two versions of GMFM. A 14% less gain in relative precision was achieved when using GMFM-73 versus GMFM-66.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Results indicated that the GMFM-66 had good reliability and validity in assessing the gross motor functions of children below 3 years old with cerebral palsy.</p>


Subject(s)
Cerebral Palsy , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Motor Skills , Classification , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246044

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the chemical constituents of Bauhinia aurea.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The compounds were isolated with column chromatography. The structures were determined by MS and NMR spectroscopic techniques.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Nine aromatic acid derivatives, two triterpenes and three steroids were isolated from the 90% ethanolic extract and their structures were identified as 3,4-di-hydroxybenzoic acid (1), 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (2), 3-hydroxy-4-methoxy-benzoic acid (3), 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoic acid (4) , gallic acid (5) , methyl gallate (6) , ethyl gallate (7) , lupeol (8) , lupenone (9) , stigmast4-en-3-one (10) beta-sitosterol (11) and daucosterol (12).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This is the first report of chemical constituents from B. aurea. Compounds were isolated from this genus for the first time, except 5,8,11 and 12.</p>


Subject(s)
Bauhinia , Chemistry , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Mass Spectrometry , Parabens , Chemistry , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Triterpenes , Chemistry , Vanillic Acid , Chemistry
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350993

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the chemical constituents of the brown alga D. divaricata, and to test cytotoxicities of the purified compounds.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Compounds were isolated by normal phase silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 chromatography and reverse phase HPLC techniques. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods including IR, MS and NMR. Cytotoxicities were tested by MTT method.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Eight compounds were isolated from ethanolic extract of the brown alga D. divaricata and their structures were identified as (-)-torreyol (I), 4beta, 5alpha-dihydroxycubenol (II), 3-farnesyl-p-hydroxybenzioc acid (III), chromazonarol (IV), fucosterol (V), phenyl acetylamine (VI), 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (VII) and n-hexadecanoic acid (VIII).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compound II and IV were obtained from this alga for the first time. The others were isolated from the Dictyotaceae algae for the first time. All compounds were inactive (IC50 > 10 microg x mL(-1)) against human tumor cell lines KB, Bel-7402, PC-3M, Ketr 3 and MCF-7.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Parabens , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Phaeophyta , Chemistry , Stigmasterol , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Terpenes , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Xanthenes , Chemistry , Pharmacology
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287278

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the chemical constituents from the tuber of the planted Cremastra appendiculata.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The compounds were isolated by column chromatography over silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 and RP-HPLC, and their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Eight compounds were isolated, and identified as cirrhopetalanthrin (I), 7-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenanthrene-2-O-beta-D-glucoside (II), 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-2-methoxyphenyl-1-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (III), tyrosol 8-O-beta-D-gluco-pyranoside (IV), vanilloloside (V), p-hydroxybenzaldehyde (VI), sucrose (VII), adenosine (VIII).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These compounds are isolated from this plant for the first time. All compounds were evaluated against human colon cancer (HCT-8), human hepatoma (Bel7402), human stomach cancer(BGC-823), human lung adenocarcinoma (A549), human breast cancer (MCF-7), and human ovarian cancer (A2780) cell lines, and cirrhopetalanthrin (I) showed non-selective moderate cytotoxicity with IC50 values of 8.4-13.3 micromol x L(-1), and other compounds were inactive.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenosine , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Benzaldehydes , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Orchidaceae , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Sucrose , Chemistry , Pharmacology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279127

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the chemical constituents of the corm of the planted Cremastra appendiculata.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The compounds were isolated by column chromatography with silica gel and Sephadex LH-20, and their structures were elucidated by means of spectroscopic methods including 2D NMR techniques.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Six compounds were isolated, and identified as isohircinol (I), flavanthrinin (II), p-hydroxyphenylethyl alcohol (III), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylethyl alcohol (IV), daucosterol (V), beta-sitosterol (VI).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These compounds were not previously isolated from this plant, and isohircinol (I) was obtained from natural source for the first time.</p>


Subject(s)
Orchidaceae , Chemistry , Phenylethyl Alcohol , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Sitosterols , Chemistry
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358100

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the chemical constituents in rhizome of Pinellia ternata.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The constituents were isolated by silica-gel and Sephadex LH-20 chromatography. The structures were identified by spectroscopic analysis including 2D NMR techniques.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Six compounds were obtained and identified as stigmast-4-en-3-one(I), cycloartenol(II), 5alpha,8alpha-epidioxyergosta-6,22-dien-3-ol(III), beta-sitosterol-3-O-beta-D-glucoside-6'-eicosanate(IV), alpha-monpalmitin(V), beta-sitosterol(VI). The bioactive assay indicated that: compound III was active against the human tumor cell lines HCT-8, Bel-7402, BGC-823, A549, A2780.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compounds I-IV were isolated from Pinellia ternata for the first time, compound II was the first triterpene isolated from this genus. Compound III may be one of the antitumor constituents of P. ternata.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Ergosterol , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Humans , Phytosterols , Chemistry , Pinellia , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Rhizome , Chemistry , Stigmasterol , Chemistry , Triterpenes
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