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1.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 277-283, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831070

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical characteristics and treatment pattern of ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC) in Korea and the role of adjuvant chemotherapy in earlystage. @*Materials and Methods@#Medical records of 308 cases of from 21 institutions were reviewed and data including age, performance status, endometriosis, thromboembolism, stage, cancer antigen 125, treatment, recurrence, and death were collected. @*Results@#Regarding stage of OCCC, it was stage I in 194 (63.6%), stage II in 34 (11.1%), stage III in 66 (21.6%), and stage IV in 11 (3.6%) patients. All patients underwent surgery. Optimal surgery (residual disease ≤ 1 cm) was achieved in 89.3%. Majority of patients (80.5%) received postoperative chemotherapy. The most common regimen was taxane-platinum combination (96%). Median relapse-free survival (RFS) was 138.5 months for stage I, 33.4 for stage II, 19.3 for stage III, and 9.7 for stage IV. Median overall survival (OS) were not reached, 112.4, 48.7, and 18.3 months for stage I, II, III, and IV, respectively. Early-stage (stage I), endometriosis, and optimal debulking were identified as favorable prognostic factors for RFS. Early-stage and optimal debulking were also favorable prognostic factors for OS. Majority of patients with early-stage received adjuvant chemotherapy. However, additional survival benefit was not found in terms of recurrence. @*Conclusion@#Majority of patients had early-stage and received postoperative chemotherapy regardless of stage. Early-stage and optimal debulking were identified as favorable prognostic factors. In stage IA or IB, adding adjuvant chemotherapy did not show difference in survival. Further study focusing on OCCC is required.

2.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1527-1539, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763208

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: BioPATH is a non-interventional study evaluating the relationship of molecular biomarkers (PTEN deletion/downregulation, PIK3CA mutation, truncated HER2 receptor [p95HER2], and tumor HER2 mRNA levels) to treatment responses in Asian patients with HER2+ advanced breast cancer treated with lapatinib and other HER2-targeted agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female Asian HER2+ breast cancer patients (n=154) who were candidates for lapatinib-based treatment following metastasis and having an available primary tumor biopsy specimen were included. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints were response rate, overall survival on lapatinib, correlation between biomarker status and PFS for any previous trastuzumab-based treatment, and conversion/conservation rates of the biomarker status between tissue samples collected at primary diagnosis and at recurrence/metastasis. Potential relationships between tumor mRNA levels of HER2 and response to lapatinib-based therapy were also explored. RESULTS: p95HER2, PTEN deletion/downregulation, and PIK3CA mutation did not demonstrate any significant co-occurrence pattern and were not predictive of clinical outcomes on either lapatinib-based treatment or any previous trastuzumab-based therapy in the metastatic setting. Proportions of tumors positive for p95HER2 expression, PIK3CA mutation, and PTEN deletion/down-regulation at primary diagnosis were 32%, 31.2%, and 56.2%, respectively. Despite limited availability of paired samples, biomarker status patterns were conserved in most samples. HER2 mRNA levels were not predictive of PFS on lapatinib. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of p95HER2 expression, PIK3CA mutation, and PTEN deletion/downregulation at primary diagnosis were similar to previous reports. Importantly, no difference was observed in clinical outcome based on the status of these biomarkers, consistent with reports from other studies.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Asian People , Biomarkers , Biopsy , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prevalence , RNA, Messenger , Trastuzumab
3.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 43-52, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719720

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We investigated whether irinotecan plus capecitabine improved progression-free survival (PFS) compared with capecitabine alone in patients with human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2) negative and anthracycline and taxane pretreated metastatic breast cancer (MBC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 221 patients were randomly assigned to irinotecan (80 mg/m2, days 1 and 8) and capecitabine (1,000 mg/m2 twice a day, days 1-14) or capecitabine alone (1,250 mg/m2 twice a day, days 1-14) every 3 weeks. The primary endpoint was PFS. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in PFS between the combination and monotherapy arm (median, 6.4 months vs. 4.7 months; hazard ratio [HR], 0.84; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.63 to 1.11; p=0.84). In patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC, n=90), the combination significantly improved PFS (median, 4.7 months vs. 2.5 months; HR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.37 to 0.91; p=0.02). Objective response rate was numerically higher in the combination arm, though it failed to reach statistical significance (44.4% vs. 33.3%, p=0.30). Overall survival did not differ between arms (median, 20.4 months vs. 24.0 months; p=0.63). While grade 3 or 4 neutropenia was more common in the combination arm (39.6% vs. 9.0%), hand-foot syndrome was more often observed in capecitabine arm. Quality of life measurements in global health status was similar. However, patients in the combination arm showed significantly worse symptom scales especially in nausea/vomiting and diarrhea. CONCLUSION: Irinotecan plus capecitabine did not prove clinically superior to single-agent capecitabine in anthracycline- and taxane-pretreated HER2 negative MBC patients. Toxicity profiles of the two groups differed but were manageable. The role of added irinotecan in patients with TNBC remains to be elucidated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arm , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Capecitabine , Diarrhea , Disease-Free Survival , Epidermal Growth Factor , Global Health , Hand-Foot Syndrome , Neutropenia , Quality of Life , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms , Weights and Measures
4.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 488-494, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714224

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The optimal treatment strategy for patients with metastatic non-clear cell type renal cell carcinoma (nccRCC) remains unclear. Although several inhibitors of vascular endothelial growth factor have recently shown efficacy against nccRCC, the clinical benefit of pazopanib in nccRCC has not been analyzed. We therefore designed a single-arm, open-label, phase II study to determine the efficacy and safety of pazopanib in patients with nccRCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with locally advanced or metastatic nccRCC, exceptfor collecting duct or sarcomatoid type, received 800 mg/day of pazopanib daily until progression of disease or intolerable toxicity. One cyclewas defined as 4 weeks and tumor response was evaluated every two cycles. The primary objective was overall response rate (ORR). RESULTS: A total of 29 eligible patients were enrolled at nine centers in Korea from December 2012 and September 2014. The median age of the patients was 58 years (range, 27 to 76 years) and 21 patients (72%) were male. Regarding histology type, 19 patients had papillary, three had chromophobe, two had unclassified and five had unknown non-clear cell type. Of 28 evaluable patients, eight achieved a confirmed partial response with ORR of 28%. The median progression-free survival was 16.5 months (95% confidence interval, 10.9 to 22.1) and median overall survival was not reached. Sixteen patients (55%) experienced treatment-related toxicity of grade 3 or more, but most adverse events were overcome through dose reduction and delay. CONCLUSION: In this prospective phase II study, pazopanib demonstrated promising activity and tolerable safety profile in patients with metastatic nccRCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Disease-Free Survival , Korea , Prospective Studies , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
5.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 383-390, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713534

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Because of rarity, role of chemotherapy of bladder adenocarcinoma are still unidentified. Therefore, we performed a retrospective analysis of the clinical features and chemotherapy outcomes of bladder adenocarcinoma. METHODS: Eligible patients for this retrospective analysis were initially diagnosed with bladder adenocarcinoma and presented with a clinically no other primary site of origin. The collected data included age, gender, performance status, stage, hemoglobin, albumin, initial date of diagnosis, treatment modality utilized, response to treatment, presence of relapse, last status of patient, and last date of follow-up. RESULTS: We retrospectively reviewed 29 patients, who were treated with chemotherapy for bladder adenocarcinoma at 10 Korean medical institutions from 2004 to 2014. The median age of patients was 58 years (range, 17 to 78) and 51.7% of the patients were female. Urachal adenocarcinoma was identified in 15 patients. Of 27 symptomatic patients, 22 experienced gross hematuria. Twelve patients were treated with 5-f luorouracil based chemotherapy, five were gemcitabine based, three were taxane and others. Thirteen of them achieved complete response (10.3%) or partial response (34.5%). Median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) for all patients were 10.6 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 9.5 to 11.6) and 24.5 months (95% CI, 1.2 to 47.8), respectively. The cases of urachal adenocarcinoma exhibited worse tendency in PFS and OS (p = 0.024 and p = 0.046, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Even though bladder adenocarcinoma had been observed moderate effectiveness to chemotherapy, bladder adenocarcinoma is a highly aggressive form of bladder cancer. PFS and OS were short especially in urachal carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Gynecology , Hematuria , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Urinary Bladder
6.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 423-429, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-101940

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Eribulin mesilate was approved for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer (MBC), who had received at least two chemotherapeutic regimens, including anthracycline and taxane. On the other hand, the efficacy and safety information of eribulin in Korean patients is limited by the lack of clinical trials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this multicenter, open-label, single-arm, phase IV study, locally advanced or MBC patients were enrolled between June 2013 and April 2014 from 14 centers in Korea. One point four mg/m2 dose of eribulin was administered on days 1 and 8 of every 21 days. The primary endpoint was the frequency and intensity of the treatment emergent adverse event. The secondary endpoint was the disease control rate, which included the rate of complete responses, partial responses, and stable disease. RESULTS: A total of 101 patients received at least one dose of eribulin and were included in the safety set. The patients received a total of 543 treatment cycles, with a median of three cycles (range, 1 to 31 cycles). The most common adverse event was neutropenia (91.1% of patients, 48.3% of cycles). The frequent non-hematological adverse events included alopecia, decrease in appetite, fatigue/asthenia, and myalgia/arthralgia. The peripheral neuropathy of any grade occurred in 27 patients (26.7%), including grade 3 in two patients. Disease control rate was 52.7% and 51.3% of patients in the full analysis set and per-protocol set, respectively. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated the feasible safety profile and activity of eribulin in Korean patients with MBC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alopecia , Appetite , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Clinical Study , Hand , Korea , Mesylates , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neutropenia , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
7.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 335-344, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-82838

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: CD11c is a dendritic cell marker in humans, which potentially induces a cytotoxic effect on lymphoma cells. Forkhead boxP3 (FOXP3) is a regulator of T lymphocyte in the microenvironment of the lymphoma. The principal objective of this study was to determine whether the tumors' microenvironment expressions of CD11c and FOXP3 are predictive of clinical outcomes in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients receiving treatment with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, anthracycline, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) combination chemotherapy. METHODS: The study population consisted of 100 patients with DLBCL. The CD11c and FOXP3 expression in primary tumors' microenvironment were evaluated using an immunohistochemistry (IHC). RESULTS: CD11c and FOXP3 expression positivity in microenvironment were 25% and 35%, respectively. Each one counted for 1 point. In CD11c and FOXP3 stain, positive was counted as 0 and negative was 1. The points were separated into low risk (0 to 1) and high risk (2) groups. Only the extranodal DLBCL patient group analysis conveyed significant differences of progression-free survival (p = 0.019) and overall survival (p = 0.039) between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: We can achieve possible clinical significance of lymphoma tumor microenvironments through CD11c and FOXP3 IHC stains in extranodal DLBCL patients receiving R-CHOP therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , B-Lymphocytes , Coloring Agents , Cyclophosphamide , Dendritic Cells , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy, Combination , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphocytes , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Prednisone , Rituximab , Tumor Microenvironment , Vincristine
8.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 198-207, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-170065

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is a nuclear receptor that regulates expression of mediators of lipid metabolism and the inflammatory response. Thyroid hormone receptor-associated proteins 220 (TRAP220) is an essential component of the TRAP/Mediator complex. The objective of this study was to clarify whether PPARgamma or TRAP220 are significant prognostic markers in resectable colorectal cancer (CRC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 399 patients who underwent curative resection for CRC were enrolled. We investigated the presence of PPARgamma and TARP220 in CRC tissues and adjacent normal tissues by immunohistochemistry. Correlation between the expression of these factors and clinicopathologic features and survival was investigated. RESULTS: Median age of the patients was 63 years (range, 22 to 87 years), and median follow-up duration 61.1 months (range, 2 to 114 months). PPARgamma and TRAP220 expression showed significant correlation with depth of invasion (p=0.013 and p=0.001, respectively). Expression of TRAP220 also showed association with lymph node metastasis and TNM stage (p=0.001). Compared with patients with TRAP220 negative tumors, patients with TRAP220 positive tumors had longer 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) tendency (p=0.051). Patients who were PPARgamma positive combined with TRAP220 positive had a better 5-year DFS (64.8% vs. 79.3%, p=0.013). In multivariate analysis expression of both PPARgamma and TRAP220 significantly affected DFS (hazard ratio, 0.620; 95% confidence interval, 0.379 to 0.997; p=0.048). CONCLUSION: TRAP220 may be a valuable marker for nodal metastasis and TNM stage. Tumor co-expression of PPARgamma and TRAP220 represents a biomarker for good prognosis in CRC patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Immunohistochemistry , Lipid Metabolism , Lymph Nodes , Mediator Complex Subunit 1 , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Peroxisomes , PPAR gamma , Prognosis , Thyroid Gland
9.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 537-546, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-162283

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Bortezomib-based chemotherapy has proven to be an effective salvage regimen for refractory/relapsed multiple myeloma patients in many clinical trials. However, few reports have shown the outcomes and adverse events of bortezomib-based salvage chemotherapy in clinical practice. METHODS: From April 2006 to September 2011, 37 patients were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 19 patients received bortezomib therapy and 18 patients received bortezomib plus dexamethasone therapy. RESULTS: The median follow-up duration was 18.13 months (range, 0.97-87.20 months). The median number of cycles administered was four (range, 1-13). The overall response rate by International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) 2006 criteria was 64.9%, including six complete responses (16.2%). The median number of cycles to best response was three (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.36-4.64). Six patients achieved their best responses after four cycles of bortezomib therapy. The median time to progression and overall survival were 5.10 (95% CI 4.03-6.17), and 23.10 (95% CI, 9.24-36.96) months, respectively. The incidence of grade 3/4 neutropenia and thrombocytopenia was 29.7% and 64.9%, respectively. A total of 27.0% patients experienced grade 3 peripheral neuropathy. Herpes zoster developed in 11 patients (29.7%). Treatment was stopped in 22 patients (59.5%) due to adverse events after bortezomib-based therapy, and treatment-related mortality occurred in 4 of 25 deaths in total. CONCLUSIONS: Bortezomib-based therapy is a very effective salvage regimen in real clinical practice, although patients relapse after multiple chemotherapies. Despite intolerable in some patients, management of toxicities and extended cycles of therapy could benefit more patients, resulting in higher response rates.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dexamethasone , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Herpes Zoster , Incidence , Mortality , Multiple Myeloma , Neutropenia , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Salvage Therapy , Thrombocytopenia
10.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 884-890, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-195230

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study investigated whether patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) truly fulfill the diagnostic criteria of overt disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), as proposed by the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) and the Korean Society on Thrombosis and Hemostasis (KSTH), and analyzed which component of the criteria most contributes to bleeding diathesis. METHODS: A single-center retrospective analysis was conducted on newly diagnosed APL patients between January 1995 and May 2012. RESULTS: A total of 46 newly diagnosed APL patients were analyzed. Of these, 27 patients (58.7%) showed initial bleeding. The median number of points per patient fulfilling the diagnostic criteria of overt DIC by the ISTH and the KSTH was 5 (range, 1 to 7) and 3 (range, 1 to 4), respectively. At diagnosis of APL, 22 patients (47.8%) fulfilled the overt DIC diagnostic criteria by either the ISTH or KSTH. In multivariate analysis of the ISTH or KSTH diagnostic criteria for overt DIC, the initial fibrinogen level was the only statistically significant factor associated with initial bleeding (p = 0.035), but it was not associated with overall survival (OS). CONCLUSIONS: Initial fibrinogen level is associated with initial presentation of bleeding of APL patients, but does not affect OS.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Biomarkers/blood , Chi-Square Distribution , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation/blood , Fibrinogen/analysis , Hemorrhagic Disorders/blood , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/blood , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Proportional Hazards Models , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
11.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 400-403, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-77775

ABSTRACT

Adenomyoepithelioma (AME) of the breast is an uncommon tumor characterized by its dual differentiation into luminal cells and myoepithelial cells. In most cases these tumors have a benign clinical course, but distant metastases have been reported. We present the case of a 51-year-old woman diagnosed with malignant AME. The patient underwent a right modified radical mastectomy, and pathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of malignant AME. Ten months after the operation, multiple hepatic, pleural, and abdominal wall metastases were detected. A number of palliative chemotherapeutic agents were tried, including anthracycline and taxanes. However, the disease continued to progress, and superior vena cava syndrome developed as a result of direct tumor invasion. The patient received salvage eribulin monotherapy. After two cycles of this treatment, her clinical symptoms were ameliorated, and a computed tomography scan showed a partial response. Eribulin chemotherapy was thus effective in treating malignant AME in this case.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Abdominal Wall , Adenomyoepithelioma , Breast , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mastectomy, Modified Radical , Neoplasm Metastasis , Phenobarbital , Superior Vena Cava Syndrome , Taxoids
12.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 177-183, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-108945

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In cutaneous malignant melanoma (MM) with clinically uninvolved regional lymph nodes, sentinel lymph node (SLN) status is the most powerful indicator of both overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). However, no studies on the long-term survival and clinical follow-up of Korean patients with acral lentiginous MM (ALM) undergoing SLN biopsy (SLNB) have been published. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical prognosis and long-term survival of Korean patients with ALM according to SLN status. METHODS: Thirty-four ALM patients undergoing SLNB were included in this study. We evaluated clinical and histopathological follow-up data such as the stage of disease, treatment, recurrence, and metastasis, and analyzed OS and DFS according to SLN status. RESULTS: The median follow-up time was 60.5 months (range 3~127 months). Positive SLNs were noted in 14 patients (41.2%). Patients with negative SLNs had better OS and DFS than those with positive SLNs (p<0.05). Increased Breslow thickness was associated with short OS and DFS (p<0.05), and female patients showed better DFS than male patients (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the first study on the long-term survival and clinical follow-up of patients undergoing SLNB for ALM in Korea. Our findings show that SLN status is an important prognostic factor for predicting OS and DFS.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Biopsy , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Korea , Lymph Nodes , Melanoma , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Recurrence , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Survival Analysis
13.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 195-202, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-108942

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In the majority of melanomas, the RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK signaling pathway is constitutively activated, due to oncogenic mutations in the BRAF and NRAS genes. The BRAF mutation has been mainly described in Caucasian melanomas. However, there is a lack of study evaluating the status, and the clinical significance, of BRAF mutation in the Asian population. OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to determine the frequency of BRAF mutation, and to evaluate the correlation of BRAF status with clinicopathologic features and outcomes, in Korean primary acral lentiginous melanoma (ALM) patients. METHODS: ALM samples (n=36) were analyzed for the BRAF V600E mutation, by dual-priming oligonucleotide (DPO) based real-time polymerase chain reaction. The clinicopathologic features and prognosis of the patients were analyzed with BRAF mutation status. RESULTS: The incidence of BRAF V600E mutation was 19.4% (7/36). The BRAF V600E mutations were not associated with clinicopathologic features, except for the age factor. All of the BRAF-mutant patients survived without recurrence or metastasis, and have a better clinical outcome than BRAF wild-type patients. CONCLUSION: In Korean primary ALM, a low frequency of BRAF mutation was shown; and BRAF mutation presented with a favorable prognosis. These results indicate that other distinctive genetic mechanisms may have more important roles in the development and progression of disease. Further multicenter study with large sample size is firmly needed, to confirm the results of our preliminary study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Age Factors , Asian People , Incidence , Melanoma , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Recurrence , Sample Size
14.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 314-321, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155789

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine the efficacy and toxicity of docetaxel as a third-line therapy for patients with relapsed gastric cancer who have undergone modified oxaliplatin-fluorouracil (m-FOLFOX)-4 and modified irinotecan-fluorouracil (m-FOLFIRI) regimens. METHODS: We analyzed 33 patients who had been histologically diagnosed with adenocarcinoma of the stomach and who had progressed after m-FOLFOX-4 and m-FOLFIRI regimens. Patients were treated with cycles of 75 mg/m2 docetaxel on day 1 every 3 weeks. RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 56.0 years (range, 31.0 to 74.0), and 73% of the patients (24/33) had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1. All patients were evaluated in terms of tumor response: five (15%), nine (27%), and 19 (58%) patients experienced a partial response, stable disease, and progressive disease, respectively. The median time to progression was 2.1 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.63 to 2.58), and overall survival was 4.7 months (95% CI, 3.20 to 6.20), from the start of the docetaxel regimen. Assessing patients' toxicity profiles, the median number of cycles was 2.0 (range, 1.0 to 12.0). The major hematologic toxicities included grade 3 to 4 neutropenia (19/33, 58%), grade 3 to 4 thrombocytopenia (2/33, 6%), and grade 3 to 4 anemia (5/33, 15%). Neutropenic fever developed in three patients (3/33, 9%). The nonhematological toxicities were nausea and vomiting (10/33, 30%), abdominal pain (4/33, 12%), skin rash (1/33, 3%), and fluid retention (3/33, 9%). CONCLUSIONS: Docetaxel is a feasible third-line therapy regimen for patients with advanced gastric cancer after m-FOLFIRI and m-FOLFOX-4 regimens.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Antineoplastic Protocols , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/drug therapy , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Salvage Therapy , Stomach Neoplasms/drug therapy , Taxoids/adverse effects
15.
Korean Journal of Pathology ; : 246-252, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-138613

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to clarify the frequency of the BRAF mutation in primary melanomas and its correlation with clinicopathologic parameters. METHODS: We analyzed the frequency of BRAF mutation in patients with primary cutaneous melanoma (n=58) or non-cutaneous one (n=27) by performing dual priming oligonucleotide-based multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction to isolate and to purify the DNA from the formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tumors. RESULTS: The BRAF mutation was found in 17.2% (10/58) of patients with primary cutaneous melanoma and 11.1% (3/27) of those with non-cutaneous melanoma. The frequency of BRAF mutation was not correlated with any clinicopathologic parameters with the exception of the patient age. The frequency of the BRAF mutation was significantly higher in patients younger than 60 years as compared with those older than 60 years (p=0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with previous reports, our results showed that the frequency of the BRAF mutation was relatively lower in patients with primary cutaneous melanoma. Besides, our results also showed that the frequency of the BRAF mutation had an inverse correlation with the age. Further studies are warranted to exclude methodological bias, to elucidate the difference in the frequency of the BRAF mutation from the previous reports from a Caucasian population and to provide an improved understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of malignant melanoma.

16.
Korean Journal of Pathology ; : 246-252, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-138612

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to clarify the frequency of the BRAF mutation in primary melanomas and its correlation with clinicopathologic parameters. METHODS: We analyzed the frequency of BRAF mutation in patients with primary cutaneous melanoma (n=58) or non-cutaneous one (n=27) by performing dual priming oligonucleotide-based multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction to isolate and to purify the DNA from the formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tumors. RESULTS: The BRAF mutation was found in 17.2% (10/58) of patients with primary cutaneous melanoma and 11.1% (3/27) of those with non-cutaneous melanoma. The frequency of BRAF mutation was not correlated with any clinicopathologic parameters with the exception of the patient age. The frequency of the BRAF mutation was significantly higher in patients younger than 60 years as compared with those older than 60 years (p=0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with previous reports, our results showed that the frequency of the BRAF mutation was relatively lower in patients with primary cutaneous melanoma. Besides, our results also showed that the frequency of the BRAF mutation had an inverse correlation with the age. Further studies are warranted to exclude methodological bias, to elucidate the difference in the frequency of the BRAF mutation from the previous reports from a Caucasian population and to provide an improved understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of malignant melanoma.

17.
Korean Journal of Hematology ; : 126-130, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-720185

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The criteria by Camitta for diagnosis in severe aplastic anemia (SAA) has been used since 1976. However, there has been no attempt to verify the Camitta's criteria, that the survival in patients with SAA may differ by absolute neutrophil count (ANC), platelet count (PLT), and corrected reticulocyte count (CRC), which are components of the Camitta's criteria. METHODS: 117 SAA patients diagnosed by the Camitta's criteria were analyzed, retrospectively. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to evaluate the factors affecting overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Response by immunosuppressive therapy (IST) or stem cell transplantation (SCT) significantly affected OS (P=0.001). Therefore, we excluded treatment responders for analysis. Finally, 92 SAA patients including treatment non-responders by IST or SCT and conservative care group were analyzed by using univariate and multivariate analyses. The median age of analyzed patients was 54.5 years. Male to female ratio was 1:1. The median follow-up duration was 74.23 months (range, 54.71-93.74 months). The median ANC, PLT, and CRC were 394/microL, 12,000/microL, and 0.39%, respectively. In multivariate analyses, ANC or =500/microL (P=0.015, HR 2.694, 95% CI: 1.20-6.01) and age (P=0.015, HR 1.022, 95% CI: 1.00-1.04) were the significant factors for OS. CONCLUSION: ANC could be an essential, not an optional criterion for diagnosing SAA. This study suggests the possibility that the Camitta's criteria be modified. Studies in large cohorts are needed to transform the Camitta's criteria.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Anemia, Aplastic , Cohort Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Neutrophils , Platelet Count , Reticulocyte Count , Retrospective Studies , Stem Cell Transplantation
18.
Korean Journal of Hematology ; : 186-193, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-720171

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a preleukemic condition that transforms into acute myeloid leukemia. However, the genetic events underlying this transformation remain poorly understood. Aberrant DNA methylation may play a causative role in the disease and its prognosis. Thus, we compared the DNA methylation profiles in refractory anemia with excess blast (RAEB) to those in refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia (RCMD). METHODS: Bone marrow samples were collected from 20 patients with primary MDS (9 with RAEB and 11 with RCMD), and peripheral blood samples were collected from 4 healthy controls. These samples were assessed using a commercial whole genome-wide methylation assay. Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect the methylation of candidate gene promoters in RAEB and RCMD. RESULTS: Microarray data revealed significant hypermethylation in 69 genes within RAEB but not RCMD. Candidate genes were mapped to 5 different networks, and network 1 had the highest score due to its involvement in gene expression, cancer, and cell cycle. Five genes (GSTM5, BIK, CENPH, RERG, and ANGPTL2) were associated with malignant disease progression. Among them, the methylated promoter pairs of GSTM5 (55.5% and 20%), BIK (20% and 0%), and ANGPTL2 (44.4% and 10%) were observed more frequently in RAEB. CONCLUSION: DNA methylation of GSTM5, BIK, and ANGPTL2 may induce epigenetic silencing and contribute to the increasing blasts and resulting MDS progression; however, the functions of these genes were not determined. Further study focusing on epigenetic silencing using various detection modalities is required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia, Refractory , Anemia, Refractory, with Excess of Blasts , Bone Marrow , Cell Cycle , Disease Progression , DNA Methylation , Epigenomics , Gene Expression , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Methylation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prognosis
19.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 294-297, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-47748

ABSTRACT

Numerical and structural chromosomal abnormalities are common in hematological malignancies. Near-triploidy (58-80 chromosomes) is a numerical abnormality observed in 3% of adult cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Near-triploidy is rare in myeloid lineage hematologic malignancies and compared to near-triploidy in lymphoid malignancies, near-triploidy in myeloid malignancies is associated with poor outcomes. Few studies on near-triploidy in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) have been reported, and the clinicopathologic significance of this condition is still unclear. Here, we report a novel case of MDS with near-triploidy and multiple structural chromosomal abnormalities: del(5q) combined with del(1p) and del(13q). These abnormalities were detected by cytogenetic analysis with array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). Our results suggest that array CGH can be a useful tool for detecting chromosomal abnormalities in patients with MDS.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Bone Marrow Cells/pathology , Chromosome Deletion , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Karyotyping , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics , Triploidy
20.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 225-230, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-34650

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) of colorectal cancer (CRC) is common and is the second most common cause of death. Clinical studies regarding chemotherapy for CRC with PC have been classically rather limited in scope. We evaluated the efficacy of modified oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and fluorouracil (m-FOLFOX4) regimen for PC of CRC origin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CRC patients with PC were treated with cycles of oxaliplatin at 85 mg/m2 on day 1, leucovorin 20 mg/m2 followed by 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) via a 400 mg/m2 bolus and a 22 hours continuous infusion of 600 mg/m2 5-FU on days 1-2 at 2-week intervals. RESULTS: Forty patients participated in this study. Median age was 55 years. Thirty-two patients (80.0%) received previous operation, and 60.0% of PC occurred synchronously. Thirty-five patients (87.5%) were assessable and exhibited measurable lesions. Two patients (5.7%) demonstrated complete response and five patients (14.3%) showed partial response. The median time to progression was 4.4 months (95% confidence interval, 2.5 to 6.3 months), the median overall survival time was 21.5 months (95% confidence interval, 17.2 to 25.7 months). There was no treatment related death. Presence of liver metastasis (p=0.022), performance status (p=0.039), and carcinoembryonic antigen level (p=0.016) were related to the time to progression. Patients with low carcinoembryonic antigen level (37.2 months vs. 15.6 months, p=0.001) or good performance status (22.5 months vs. 6.8 months, p=0.040) showed better overall survival. CONCLUSION: The m-FOLFOX4 regimen was determined to be effective for CRC patients with PC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Carcinoma , Cause of Death , Colorectal Neoplasms , Fluorouracil , Leucovorin , Liver , Neoplasm Metastasis , Organoplatinum Compounds , Peritoneum
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