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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921670

ABSTRACT

As a local variety of medicinal material, Citri Trifoliatae Fructus is widely used in many places, whereas its harvest time remains unclear. Therefore, studying its harvest time can make more reasonable use of this medicinal material. In this study, we determined the flavonoids content and compared the color of Citri Trifoliatae Fructus harvested in different time, aiming to guide the harvest of this medicinal material. The fresh fruits of Citrus trifoliata were collected from Xinxiang city, Henan province, graded according to the diameter range, and then dried. The contents of isonaringin, naringen, and poncirin in Citri Trifoliatae Fructus were determined by HPLC, and the color values of the samples were detected by electronic eye. The correlation analysis of the obtained data was carried out to explore the relationships of color and diameter with quality. The results showed that the contents of isonaringin, naringen, and poncirin varied significantly in different harvest time, within the ranges of 0.21-1.20, 2.21-11.59, and 3.73-23.16 mg·g~(-1), respectively. With the delay of harvest time, Citri Trifoliatae Fructus showed the color changing from green to yellow, gradually increased diameter, and gradually decreased contents of isonaringin, naringen, and poncirin. The contents of isonaringin, naringen, and poncirin were negatively correlated with the degree of red and green(a~*) and positively correlated with the degree of yellow and blue(b~*). The contents of naringen and poncirin had significantly negative correlations with the diameter. This study indicates that the quality of Citri Trifoliatae Fructus can be judged by its diameter and skin color, which provides a theoretical basis for the rational harvest of this medicinal material.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Citrus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Electronics , Fruit , Technology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774602

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents of the water extraction of the aerial parts of Isodon henryi were investigated by various chromatographic methods including D-101 macroporous adsorptive resins,silica gel,sephadex LH-20,and semi-preparative HPLC. As a result,ten compounds were separated and purified. By analyses of the UV,IR,MS,NMR spectra,their structures were determined as rabdosinate( 1),lasiokaurin( 2),epinodosinol( 3),rabdosichuanin C( 4),epinodosin( 5),hebeirubescensin k( 6),rubescensin C( 7),enmenol( 8),oridonin( 9),and enmenol-1-β-glucoside( 10). Compounds 1-8 and 10 were isolated from I. henryi for the first time. Compounds 2 and 9 showed inhibitory effects against four tumor cells,with IC50 values of 2. 25-9. 32 μmol·L-1.


Subject(s)
Isodon , Chemistry , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Molecular Structure , Phytochemicals , Plant Components, Aerial , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Chemistry
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802529

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the therapeutic effect of licochalcone A (Lico A) on pulmonary fibrosis (PF). Method: Thirty mice were divided into five group, namely sham, model, Lico A (15, 30 mg·kg-1) and pirfenidone (300 mg·kg-1) groups. All of the groups except for sham group were intratracheally given bleomycin (BLM, 5 mg·kg-1). The sham group was given normal saline. On day 2, the mice were treated with Lico A and pirfenidone, respectively. On day 28, all of the mice were put to death. Then, lung tissues were collected and weighted. Pathological changes in lung tissue were measured by htoxylin eosin(HE) and Masson staining. The α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA), Collagen I, fibronectin p-Smad2/3 and Smad2/3 were analyzed by Western blot. Then, transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)-induced MRC-5 cells were employed for evaluating the inhibitory activity of Lico A in vitro. Result: Compared with normal group, several pathological changes, including alveolar space collapse, emphysema, infiltration of inflammatory cells, and collagen deposition were observed in the BLM-treated mice, and these pathological changes were markedly attenuated by subsequent treatment with Lico A. Lico A could significantly inhibit BLM-induced up-regulation of α-SMA and Collagen I and phosphorylation of Smad2/3 in lung tissues of mice(PPβ-induced α-SMA and fibronectin expression in MRC-5 cells(PPConclusion: The preliminary mechanisms of the anti-fibrosis effect of Lico A may inhibit TGF-β/Smad pathway.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335891

ABSTRACT

Through planting regionalization the scientific basis for planting area of high-quality medicinal materials was predicted. Through interview investigation and field survey, the distribution information of Corni Fructus in China was collected,and 89 sampling point from 14 producing areas were collected. Climate and topography of Corni Fructus were analyzed, the ecological adaptability of study was conducted based on ArcGIS and Maxent. Different suitability grade at potential areas and regionalization map were formulated. There are nine ecological factors affecting the growth of Corni Fructus, for example precipitation in November and March and vegetation type. The results showed that the most suitable habitats are Henan, Shaanxi, Zhejiang, Chongqing, Hubei, Sichuan, Anhui, Hunan and Shandong province. Using the spatial analysis method,the study not only illustrates the most suitable for the surroundings of Corni Fructus,but also provides a scientific reference for wild resource tending, introduction and cultivation, and artificial planting base and directing production layout.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307151

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents of the water extraction of the aerial parts of Isodon excisoides were investigated by various chromatographic methods including D-101 macroporous adsorptive resins, silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, MCI and semi-preparative HPLC. As a result, six compounds were separated and purified.By analyses of the HR-ESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR spectra, their structures were determined as 3-O-β-D-allopyranosyl-1-octen-3-ol(1), blumenolA (2), lumichrome (3), loliolide(4), cirsiliol(5) and pedalitin(6). Compound 1 was a new compound, and compounds 2-4 were isolated from this plant for the first time.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 173-180, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268150

ABSTRACT

To separate and identify the chemical constituents from the leaves of Broussonetia papyrifera (Linn.) Vent, various columns including Diaion HP-20, Toyopearl HW-40C, Sephadex LH-20, silica gel were employed for the isolation and purification of compounds from the leaves of B. papyrifera. The structures of the compounds were elucidated by their physiochemical characteristics and spectral data. Nineteen compounds were isolated from the leaves of B. papyrifera and their structures were identified as apigenin (1), apigenin-7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (2), chrysoerid-7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (3), apigenin-7-O-beta-D-glucopyranuronide (4), vitexin-7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (5), luteolin (6), 5,7,4'-trihydroxyl-6-C-[a-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1-->2)]-beta-D-glucopyranosyl flavone (7), 5,7,4'-trihydroxyl-8-C-[a-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1-->2)]-beta-D-glucopyranosyl flavone (8), saponaretin (9), vitexin (10), benzyl benzoate-2, 6-di-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (11), (2R, 3R, 5R, 6S, 9R)-3-hydroxy-5,6-epoxy-beta-ionol-2-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (12), (2R, 3R, 5R, 6S, 9R)-3-hydroxyl-5,6-epoxy-acetyl-beta-ionol-2-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (13), ficustriol (14), (6S, 9S)-roseoside (15), 3beta-hydroxy-5alpha,6alpha-epoxy-beta-ionone-2alpha-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (16), icariside B1 (17), sammangaoside A (18), 3-hydroxy-5alpha,6alpha-epoxy-beta-ionone (19). Compounds 11, 12 and 13 are new compounds, the others are isolated from this genus Broussonetia for the first time.


Subject(s)
Apigenin , Chemistry , Broussonetia , Chemistry , Glucosides , Chemistry , Luteolin , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry
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