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Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 148-153, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804736


Objective@#To explore the anatomy and clinical application of stepladder V-Y advanced flaps based on the lateral calcaneal artery perforator.@*Methods@#Twenty-four lower extremities from 12 adult cadavers were dissected to investigate the perforators emerging along the lateral edge of the achilles tendon, in terms of amount and distribution, relative to the tip of the lateral malleolus. Based on the anatomical findings, stepladder V-Y advanced flaps, based on the perforator(s) of the lateral calcaneal artery (LCA) or the peroneal artery (PA), were used for reconstruction of lower-posterior heel defects in 22 cases.@*Results@#Twenty-four lower extremities from 12 adult cadavers were successfully dissected. The peroneal artery continued to be the lateral calcaneal artery at the level of (6.0±1.4) cm above the tip of the lateral malleolus. Both of them have the perforators distributed to the skin in the achilles tendon area. In the space from the tip of the lateral malleolus to 8.0 cm and above, a total of 71 perforators with diameter larger than 0.5 mm were found in all extremities. Among them, 9%(7/71) were originated from peroneal artery, and 91%(64/71) were the lateral calcaneal artery. In the 22 cases of clinical application, the pedicle of flaps were used, based on the perforator of lateral calcaneal artery and (or) peroneal artery. The size of flaps ranged from 3.5 cm×9.0 cm to 5.0 cm×10.0 cm.There were 3 cases of skin necrosis at the tip of the flap, which were healed after dressing change. The other flaps had completely survived, and the wound healed in the first stage. Follow-up last for 8-24 months after operation. All patients had well recovery of ankle flexion, extension and appearance. They were able to weight-bearing walk, with natural gait. The texture and sensation of the flaps were similar to that of the surrounding skin. There were few obvious scar or contracture deformity. The functional recovery was satisfied.@*Conclusions@#The blood supply in the achilles tendon region is mainly from the lateral calcaneal artery, and partly from the peroneal artery. Stepladder V-Y advanced flap based on the lateral calcaneal artery perforator can be used with reliable blood supply and sensation reconstruction, which is a good choice to repair small to medial wounds in heel area.

Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 568-572, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735013


Objective To observe the anatomy of the radial proper digital arteries and their dorsal vessels of index fingers, and the relative position and orientation of them were summarized. To explore the surgical method and clinical appilication of the stepladder advancement flap pedicled with the radial proper digital artery of index finger in the finger tip defects. Methods From June, 2013 to June, 2016, 6 hand specimens were injected into the brachial artery with red latex to carry out the microanatomy of the index finger’s radial proper digital arteries and their dorsal vessels. And 1 vascular cast of hand specimen were observed the origin, number and oriention of the artery and its dorsal vessel. Ten cases with soft tissue defects of index finger in finger tip, were repaired with stepladder advance-ment flap pedicled with the radial proper digital artery. The evaluations and analysis were made in survival rate and finger's function by the postoperative regular consultations. Results There were 2 (4 hands) or 3 (2 hands) dorsal vessels in the proximal, and 2(6 hands) in middle segments of the radial proper digital arteries of index fingers in 6 hand specimens respectively. While the vascular cast of hand specimen showed that 3 dorsal vessels in the proximal, and 2 in the middle segments of the radial proper digital artery. Ten patients were performed the operation. The blood flow after the surgery were good and all flaps survived well. Followed-up time was 10-14 months. The color, feeling, contour and texture of flaps was good. The function of flexion and extension of the finger was good too, and no defor-mity of the purlicue. The resolution of static two points was 5.5-9.0 mm, averaged of 7.2 mm. Conclusion The stepladder advancement flap pedicled with the radial proper digital artery of index finger can extend the donor site. It is safe, reliable and effective, providing a alternation for the repair of the soft tissue defects of the index finger tip.

Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1694-1699, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446483


BACKGROUND:Understanding the difference of miRNA-34s expression in normal tissue and tumor tissue wil contribute to screen out a miRNA with high sensitivity as the specific tumor molecular marker. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the differential expression of miRNA-34s (miR-34a/b/c) between normal skin and keloid tissue using real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR, and to evaluate the role and mechanisms of miRNA-34s in keloid formation and development. METHODS:Ten cases of keloid tissue and two cases of normal skin tissue were col ected as specimens. Total RNAs were extracted from keloid and nomal skin tissue by Trizol method, and miRNA-34s were further isolated by Ambion’s miRNA Isolation Kit. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR was applied to verify expression levels of microRNA-34s (miR-34a/b/c) in keloid tissue and normal skin tissue. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:miRNA-34s (miRNA-34a/b/c) expression was down-regulated in keloid tissue compared with normal skin tissue (P<0.01). The findings showed that miRNA-34s (miRNA-34a/b/c) are involved in keloid formation and development, and down-regulation of the family member may result in neoplastic growth of keloid.

Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6)2000.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-535591


Objective To supply morphologic basis for designing the medial antebrachial neurocutaneou vascular flap. Methods Microanatomy and transparent specimens made by colored latex injection were applied to study the surgical anatomy of the medial antebrachial neurocutaneous nerve (MAN) and it's relationship to basilic vein, the origin, orientation,caliber of neurovascular cutaneous perforators and it's nutrient pattern to the MAN. Results The MAN got its blood supply by paraneural vessels which constituted of 4 cutaneous perforators' The paraneural vessels supply not only the MAN,but also it's adjacent flap. The MAN was accompanied by basilic vein about 1 cm away from it. Conclusion Along basilic vein,medial antebrachial neurocutaneous vascular flap could be designed and used to repair soft tissue defects around the elbow and wrist