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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742068

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The accuracy of denture bases was compared among injection molding, milling, and rapid prototyping (RP) fabricating method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The maxillary edentulous master cast was fabricated and round shaped four notches were formed. The cast was duplicated to ten casts and scanned. In the injection molding method, designed denture bases were milled from a wax block and fabricated using SR Ivocap injection system. Denture bases were milled from a pre-polymerized block in the milling method. In the RP method, denture bases were printed and post-cured. The intaglio surface of the base was scanned and surface matching software was used to measure inaccuracy. Measurements were performed between four notches and two points in the mid-palatal suture to evaluate inaccuracy. The palatine rugae resolution was evaluated. One-way analysis of variance was used for statistical analysis at α=.05. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences in distances among four notches (P>.05). The accuracy of the injection molding method was lower than those of the other methods in two points of the mid-palatal suture significantly (P < .05). The degree of palatine rugae resolution was significantly higher in the injection molding method than that in other methods (P < .05). CONCLUSION: The overall accuracy of the denture base is higher in milling and RP method than the injection molding method. The degree of fine reproducibility is higher in the injection molding method than the milling or RP method.


Subject(s)
Denture Bases , Dentures , Fungi , Methods , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Sutures
2.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1334-1341, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760305

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate flow pattern characteristics in the ascending aorta (AA) with four-dimensional (4D)-flow MRI and to determine predictors of aortic dilatation late after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 44 patients with repaired TOF (25 males and 19 females; mean age, 28.9 ± 8.4 years) and 11 volunteers (10 males and 1 female, mean age, 33.7 ± 8.8 years) who had undergone 4D-flow MRI. The aortic diameters, velocity, wall shear stress (WSS), flow jet angle (FJA), and flow displacement (FD) at the level of the sinotubular junction (STJ) and mid-AA were compared between the repaired TOF and volunteer groups. The hemodynamic and clinical parameters were also compared between the aortic dilatation and non-dilatation subgroups in the repaired TOF group. RESULTS: The diameters of the sinus of Valsalva, STJ, and AA were significantly higher in the repaired TOF group than in the volunteer group (p = 0.002, p < 0.001, and p = 0.013, respectively). The FJAs at the STJ and AA were significantly greater in the repaired TOF group (p < 0.001 and p = 0.003, respectively), while velocities and WSS parameters were significantly lower. FD showed no statistically significant difference (p = 0.817). In subgroup analysis, age at TOF repair was significantly higher (p = 0.039) and FJA at the level of the AA significantly greater (p = 0.003) and mean WSS were significantly lower (p = 0.039) in the aortic dilatation group. FD were higher in the aortic dilatation group without statistical significance (p = 0.217). CONCLUSION: Patients with repaired TOF have an increased FJA, dilated AA, and secondarily decreased WSS. In addition to known risk factors, flow eccentricity may affect aortic dilatation in patients with repaired TOF.


Subject(s)
Aorta , Dilatation , Female , Hemodynamics , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Risk Factors , Sinus of Valsalva , Tetralogy of Fallot , Volunteers
3.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 350-364, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717416

ABSTRACT

Disease modeling of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been hampered by the lack of suitable cellular models while animal models are mainly based on the overexpression of AD-related genes which often results in an overemphasis of certain pathways and is also confounded by aging. In this study, we therefore developed and used induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines from a middle-aged AD patient with a known presenilin 1 (PSEN1) mutation (Glu120Lys; PS1-E120K) and as a control, an elderly normal subject. Using this approach, we demonstrated that the extracellular accumulation of Aβ was dramatically increased in PS1-E120K iPSC-derived neurons compared with the control iPSC line. PS1-E120K iPSC-derived neurons also exhibited high levels of phosphorylated tau, as well as mitochondrial abnormalities and defective autophagy. Given that the effect of aging is lost with iPSC generation, these abnormal cellular features are therefore indicative of PSEN1-associated AD pathogenesis rather than primary changes associated with aging. Taken together, this iPSC-based approach of AD modeling can now be used to better understand AD pathogenesis as well as a tool for drug discovery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aging , Alzheimer Disease , Autophagy , Cerebellar Ataxia , Drug Discovery , Humans , Models, Animal , Neurons , Pluripotent Stem Cells , Presenilin-1 , Stem Cells
4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-725019

ABSTRACT

The proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (¹H-MRS) is a tool used to detect concentrations of brain metabolites such as N-acetyl aspartate, choline, creatine, glutamate, and gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA). It has been widely used because it does not require additional devices other than the conventional magnetic resonance scanner and coils. Demyelination, or the neuronal damage due to loss of myelin sheath, is one of the common pathologic processes in many diseases including multiple sclerosis, leukodystrophy, encephalomyelitis, and other forms of autoimmune diseases. Rodent models mimicking human demyelinating diseases have been induced by using virus (e.g., Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus) or toxins (e.g., cuprizon or lysophosphatidyl choline). This review is an overview of the MRS findings on brain metabolites in demyelination with a specific focus on rodent models.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aspartic Acid , Autoimmune Diseases , Brain , Butyric Acid , Choline , Creatine , Demyelinating Diseases , Encephalomyelitis , Glutamic Acid , Humans , Models, Animal , Multiple Sclerosis , Myelin Sheath , Neurons , Pathologic Processes , Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Rodentia , Spectrum Analysis
5.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 647-655, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-123490

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between seizure threshold (ST) and psychotropic drugs in patients treated with ECT. METHODS: We examined clinical data from 43 patients. ST was titrated at each treatment session. We examined associations between ST and psychotropic drugs using multivariate correlation analyses. Data are presented as initial ST, the difference in ST between the first and 10th sessions (ΔST(10th)), and the mean difference in ST between the first and last sessions (mean ΔST(last)). RESULTS: Multivariate regression analyses showed associations between initial ST and the total chlorpromazine-equivalent dose of antipsychotics (β=0.363, p<0.05). The total fluoxetine-equivalent dose of antidepressants was associated with ΔST(10th) (β=0.486, p<0.01) and mean ΔST(last) (β=0.472, p<0.01). CONCLUSION: Our study elucidated possible effects of psychotropic drugs on ST shifts. Larger doses of antipsychotics were associated with higher initial ST, whereas higher doses of antidepressants were associated with stronger shifts in ST.


Subject(s)
Antidepressive Agents , Antipsychotic Agents , Electroconvulsive Therapy , Humans , Psychotropic Drugs , Seizures
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-203965

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD) is still not well understood. Conflicting results for surrogate biomarkers in MDD have been reported, which might be a consequence of the heterogeneity of MDD patients. Therefore, we aim to investigate how the severity of depression and various symptom domains are related to the levels of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-s) in MDD patients. METHODS: We recruited 117 subjects from a general practice. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Depressive symptoms were divided into three subdomains according to BDI items; somatic symptoms, guilt and failure, and mood and inhibition. RESULTS: In subjects with very-mild-to-moderate depression, the DHEA-s level increased as BDI score did. However, the DHEA-s levels in the subjects with severe depression were significantly lower than in subjects with moderate depression (p=0.003). DHEA-s level was correlated with the BDI subscore for guilt and failure in very-mild-to-moderate depression (r=0.365, p=0.006). CONCLUSION: The DHEA-s level appears to be indicative of MDD severity with respect to depressive symptoms, especially regarding guilt and failure. Our findings suggest that the upregulation of DHEA-s may be a part of a compensatory process in very-mild-to-moderate depression, and the failure of this compensation mechanism may underlie the development of severe depression.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Compensation and Redress , Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate , Dehydroepiandrosterone , Depression , Depressive Disorder, Major , Diagnosis, Differential , General Practice , Guilt , Humans , Neuroendocrinology , Population Characteristics , Up-Regulation
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-91588

ABSTRACT

Prosthetic decision-making is complex because of various factors, and involves a combination of the individual dentist's interpretation of the objective clinical data and his or her interaction with the patient. Increasing therapeutic options and emerging outcome data demand the constant re-evaluation of our decision-making process. In this case, fixed prosthetic restorations were selected as a treatment method to reconstruct the occlusal plane of a patient with disharmonious occlusal plane. And the occlusal plane was re-established by establishing a treatment plan through diagnostic wax-up. Provisional restorations obtained by continuous re-evaluation for a sufficient period of time was replicated to definitive restorations using CAD/CAM technology. The results were satisfactory when they were observed through clinical follow-up for 3 months after the end of treatment.


Subject(s)
Dental Occlusion , Denture, Partial, Temporary , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Methods , Mouth Rehabilitation , Prostheses and Implants , Rehabilitation
8.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1442-1446, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44317

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the validity and reliability of the Korean version of the Female Sexual Function Index-6 (FSFI-6K). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were recruited from February 2013 to July 2013. The primary survey was conducted for 220 participants, and a follow-up was conducted 3 weeks (+/-1 week) after the primary survey. The FSFI-6K data were analyzed and compared to the reference values in the original FSFI. RESULTS: Of the 220 participants, 199 (90.5%) returned to follow-up, 18 (8.2%) had no further contact, and 3 (1.4%) declined to respond. The internal consistency of the FSFI-6K as measured by Cronbach's alpha was 0.888 and the reliability based on test-retest intraclass correlation was 0.606; these values were acceptable. The cutoff used for diagnosis of female sexual dysfunction by an receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve was a score of 21; the sensitivity and specificity for this curve are 0.89 and 0.86, respectively. The area under the receiver operating curve was 0.948. CONCLUSION: The FSFI-6K has high internal consistency and acceptable reliability. This validated questionnaire can be used for the Korean population.


Subject(s)
Adult , Data Collection/standards , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Republic of Korea , Sexual Behavior , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/diagnosis , Translating
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-67157

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: It has been constantly reported that mismatch negativity (MMN) is impaired in patients with schizophrenia. However, the mechanism which relates impaired MMN and schizophrenia is not clear yet. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between MMN and clinical variables including functional status in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: The present study assessed MMN using passive auditory oddball task in 26 patients with schizophrenia and 48 healthy controls. Repeated measures Analysis of Variance with age as a covariate was carried out for comparing peak amplitude and latency of MMN at 8 central line electrodes (FPz, Fz, FCz, Cz, CPz, Pz, POz, Oz) across groups. Pearson's correlation was performed to reveal the relationship between MMN and clinical variables including neurocognitive test results and the Global Assessment of Functioning score. RESULTS: MMN amplitude was significantly reduced in patients with schizophrenia compared with healthy controls. Pearson's correlation showed that subsets of short form of Korean Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale scores and GAF scores were associated with MMN amplitude in patients with schizophrenia. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that MMN amplitude is associated with current functional status including cognitive function in patients with schizophrenia.


Subject(s)
Adult , Analysis of Variance , Electrodes , Humans , Intelligence , Schizophrenia
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