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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296536

ABSTRACT

This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the association between selenium levels and diabetes in an older population with life-long natural exposure to selenium in rural China. A total of 1856 subjects aged 65 years or older from four Chinese rural counties with different environmental selenium levels were evaluated. Analysis of covariance models and logistic regression models were used to examine the relationship between nail selenium levels and serum glucose, serum insulin, insulin resistance [using the Homeostatic Model Assessment for Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR)], and the risk of diabetes. The mean nail selenium level was 0.461 μg/g and the prevalence rate of diabetes was 8.3% in this population. The mean nail selenium level was significantly higher in the group with diabetes than in the group without diabetes (P<0.0001). The adjusted odds ratios for diabetes were 2.65 (95% CI: 1.48 to 4.73), 2.47 (95% CI: 1.37 to 4.45), and 3.30 (95% CI: 1.85 to 5.88) from the second selenium quartile to the fourth quartile, respectively, compared with the first quartile group. The mean serum glucose and HOMA-IR in the higher selenium quartile groups were significantly higher than those of the lowest quartile group. However, no significant differences in insulin were observed among the four quartile groups. A long-term, higher level of exposure to selenium may be associated with a higher risk of diabetes. Future studies are needed to elucidate the association between selenium and insulin resistance.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Male , Nails , Metabolism , Rural Population , Selenium , Metabolism
2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 4209-4211, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503342

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effects of uterine arterial embolization combined with Methotrexate and Lactate ethacri-dine on related indexes of mid-pregnant patients with placenta previa abortion. METHODS:The data of 100 mid-pregnant patients with placenta previa who required inducing labor was retrospectively analyzed and divided into observation group(50 cases)and control group(50 cases)by different treatment. Control group received uterine arterial embolization before inducing labor,then received Lac-tate ethacridine injection 100 mg,amniotic injection+Mifepristone tablet 75 mg,and aborted after 2 d. Observation group received uterine arterial embolization after uterine arterial perfusionon both sides,then received Methotrexate for injection 50 mg/side after uter-ine arterial embolization catheter entering uterine artery,Lactate ethacridine injection(the same usage and dosage as control group)+Mifepristone tablet(the same usage and dosage as control group)was given after 12 h. Total parturition,intrapartum hemorrhage,hos-pitalization time,menstruation recovery time,cesarean section,hysterectomy,retained placenta and clearing palace in 2 groups were observed,and postoperative complications were recorded. RESULTS:Intrapartum hemorrhage,hospitalization time,cesarean section rate and hysterectomy rate in observation group were significantly lower than control group,with statistical significance(P0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of postoperative complications in 2 groups(P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Uterine arterial embolization combined with Methotrexate and Lactate ethacridine can effectively reduce the hemor-rhage of mid-pregnant patients with placenta previa abortion,shorten hospitalization time,and decrease cesarean section and hysterec-tomy rate.

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