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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885104

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate different sleep duration and glucose and lipid metabolism levels in residents of a community in Urumqi.Methods:Using the 2 049 residents′ data of chronic metabolic disease in a community of Urumqi collected in May 2017, 1 822 subjects aged between 19-80 years with complete information were enrolled, their blood pressure, waist circumference, height, weight, body mass index were measured and recorded. Using oral glucose tolerance test to measure fasting and 2 h after meal plasma glucose, uric acid, HbA 1C, total cholesterol, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels were all tested. Results:(1)There were 363 (19.9%), 1 349 (74.0%), and 110 (6.1%) respondents with sleep time≤6.0, 6.1 to 8.0, and>8.0 h/d, respectively. There were statistically significant differences in age, education, and family income in groups with different sleep time ( P<0.05), while their gender, smoking status, and exercise status were not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The rates of overweight, obesity, abdominal obesity, high uric acid, and hypertension in people with different sleep durations were statistically different ( P<0.01). The rates of the above indicators were higher in the group of sleep time≤6.0 h/d than the other two groups. (2) Differences in diastolic blood pressure, systolic blood pressure, body mass index, abdominal circumference, total cholesterol, and LDL-C levels were statistically significant among different sleep duration groups ( P<0.05). Further comparisons of the above indicators among three groups with different sleep durations were performed ( P<0.05). The levels of the above indicators in the sleep time≤6.0 h/d group were higher than those in the other two groups. There were no significant differences in fasting blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin, uric acid, triglyceride, and HDL-C among the three groups. (3) Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that groups whether or not adjusted of age, family income, and education level, sleep time≤6.0 h/d was related to abdominal obesity, and sleep time≤6.0 h/d was be a risk factor for abdominal obesity [Unadjusted: OR=1.48(95% CI1.04-2.08); Adjusted: OR=1.65(95% CI1.18-2.32; P<0.05]. Conclusion:Sleep time ≤6.0 h/d is associated with abdominal obesity, and sleep time≤6.0 h/d may be a risk factor for abdominal obesity.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879565

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To report on the clinical features and result of genetic testing for a child featuring immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked (IPEX) syndrome.@*METHODS@#Clinical records, genetic testing, laboratory investigation and treatment of the child were summarized in addition with a comprehensive review of the literature.@*RESULTS@#The 3-year-old boy was administered due to intractable diarrhea, recurrent infections, liver dysfunction and failure to thrive, though no diabetes or skin disorder was observed. Laboratory testing showed elevated liver enzymes and total IgE, decreased albumin and electrolyte imbalance. Gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed erosion and granules in the duodenum, and edema in the terminal ileum and colon. Biopsies showed villous atrophy in the duodenum and terminal ileum. Genetic testing revealed that the patient has carried a missense c.1087A>G (p.I363V) variant in the exon 10 of the FOXP3 gene. He was treated with enteral and parenteral nutrition, anti infection and Sirolimus, and was waiting for hemopoietic stem cell transplantation.@*CONCLUSION@#Although IPEX syndrome usually occur during infancy, it should not be ruled out solely based on the age, and its presentation can be variable. For male children with refractory diarrhea, autoimmune disorder and growth retardation, the diagnosis should be suspected and confirmed by genetic testing.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/genetics , Diarrhea/genetics , Forkhead Transcription Factors/genetics , Genetic Diseases, X-Linked/genetics , Genetic Testing , Humans , Immune System Diseases/genetics , Male , Mutation , Polyendocrinopathies, Autoimmune/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879542

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology for a newborn with corneal opacity.@*METHODS@#The neonate and her parents were subjected to routine G-banding chromosomal karyotyping analysis. Copy number variation (CNV) was analyzed with low-coverage whole-genome sequencing (WGS) and single nucleotide polymorphism microarray (SNP array).@*RESULTS@#No karyotypic abnormality was found in the newborn and her parents. Low-coverage WGS has identified a de novo 5.5 Mb microdeletion at chromosome 8q21.11-q21.13 in the neonate, which encompassed the ZFHX4 and PEX2 genes. The result was confirmed by SNP array-based CNV analysis.@*CONCLUSION@#The newborn was diagnosed with chromosome 8q21.11 deletion syndrome. ZFHX4 may be one of the key genes underlying this syndrome.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Banding , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8/genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations , Female , Genetic Testing , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Karyotyping , Monosomy/genetics , Peroxisomal Biogenesis Factor 2/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Transcription Factors/genetics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908401

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics, endoscopic manifestations, complications and related risk factors of button battery ingestion in 58 children, thus providing the basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods:The medical data of 58 children with button battery ingestion were collected and researched at Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from September 2015 to September 2020.The demographic information, battery impaction location, duration, symptoms, mucosal injury level, battery size, treatment, complications and follow-up results were analyzed.Results:The average age of the patients with button battery ingestion was (25.7±15.4)months, including 40 boys(68.9%). The average retention time of the battery in digestive tract was 13.8(2, 96) h. Vomiting, salivation, dysphagia, cough and fever were the common chief complaints.There were 29(50.0%) cases of grade I mucosal injury, as well as 14(24.1%) cases, 10(17.2%) cases and 10(17.2%) cases for grade Ⅱ, grade Ⅲ and grade Ⅳ, respectively.Additionally, common complications included esophageal stenosis, esophageal perforation and esophageal-tracheal fistula.Logistic regression analysis showed that location(esophagus) and diameter(≥15 mm) of battery incarceration were important predictors of complications.Conclusion:The degree of mucosal damage is associated with the diameter and impaction location of battery.The button battery embedded in the esophagus is prone to complications, while the ones retained in the stomach were not vulnerable to serious complications.Endoscopy and other related examinations should be performed again in 1 to 3 weeks after the button removal to determine the outcome of complications and to intervene in time.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817721

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To explore the effects of liver dysfunction in the third trimester of pregnancy on maternal outcomes and identify the factors affecting the maternal prognosis.【Methods】We collected the clinical data of 1 113 women with liver dysfunction in the third trimester of pregnancy (case group) and 1 113 normal pregnancies (control group) from the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between January 2015 and December 2018. We compared the rates of cesarean section,premature delivery,placental abruption,postpartum hemorrhage and maternal mortality in the two groups,conducted the univariate and multivariate analysis for the case group and determined the prognostic risk factors by using Logistic regression. Receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve analysis was applied to estimate the value of each independent risk factor for predicting liver dysfunction-related maternal mortality. 【Results】The rates of cesarean section,premature delivery,placental abruption,postpartum hemorrhage in the case group were higher than those in the control group(P < 0.05),and the odds ratios(ORs)were 3.59 ,7.81 ,10.68 and 2.93 ,respectively. The maternal mortality in the case group(1.2%)was higher than that in the control group(0.0%)(P < 0.05). Logistic analysis revealed that high total bilirubin(TBIL),low prothrombin activity(PTA)and low fasting plasma glucose(FPG)were independent risk factors for liver dysfunction- related maternal mortality. The ROC curve analysis indicated that when TBIL was 235.4 μmol/L,the Youden′ s index in maximum was 0.331 with sensitivity of 0.818 and specificity of 0.513. When PTA was 20.5% ,the Youden′ s index in maximum was 0.366 with sensitivity of 0.821 and specificity of 0.545. When FPG was 3.11 mmol/L,the Youden′s index in maximum was 0.405 with sensitivity of 0.769 and specificity of 0.636.【Conclusion】Liver dysfunction in the third trimester of pregnancy has adverse effects on maternal outcomes. TBIL ,PTA and FPG are the factors affecting the maternal prognosis and may have certain predictive value for maternal death.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871084

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the genetic diagnosis of two fetuses with clinically suspected Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) and to provide information for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis of BBS.Methods:Case one had prenatal care on October 2018 in Shenzhen Maternity and Child Healthcare Hospital and was clinically suspected of fetal BBS as bilateral renal parenchyma echo enhancement as well as polydactyly (six toes on each foot) were shown on ultrasonic examination at 18 +1 gestational weeks. Case two was another suspected fetal BBS for enlarged kidneys with echo enhancement as well as polydactyly (six fingers and toes on each hand and foot) on ultrasonic examination at 26 +4 gestational weeks on August 2016 and the parent requested for termination. Parents of both cases requested for genetic analysis. Amniotic fluid sample was obtained in case one at 19 +6 weeks through amniocentesis, and umbilical cord specimen of case two and peripheral blood samples of the parents were collected. Genetic analysis of the fetuses and their parents was performed using exon capture and next-generation sequencing and the results were validated using Sanger sequencing. Results:Case one carried paternally inherited c.718G>A (p.Gly240Ser) (possible pathogenic) mutation and maternally inherited c.497C>A(p.Ala166Asp) (possible pathogenic) mutation in BBS7 gene. While one paternally inherited mutation c.1002delT(p.N335Ifs*47) (pathogenic) and one maternally inherited heterozygous mutation c.728G>A (p.Cys243Tyr) (possible pathogenic) were identified in BBS7 gene of case two. The three unreported missense mutations were predicted to be harmful by bioinformatics software and the mutation sites were conservative after comparing with multiple species-based protein sequences. Conclusions:Enlarged kidneys with echo enhancement and polydactyly may indicated a BBS fetus caused by BBS7 gene mutation. Whole exome sequencing could provide relevant information for prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling in these cases.

7.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 918-923, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870898

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical manifestation, genetic characteristics, treatment and prognosis of Crouzon-like syndrome.Methods:Clinical data of one case of Crouzon-like syndrome diagnosed in Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University in May 2019 were collected, including clinical test, treatment plan, follow-up outcomes. The clinical characteristics and the mutation characteristics of IL11RA-related Crouzon-like syndrome were analyzed combined with the literature.Results:The male proband, five years and four months old, was admitted with the main clinical manifestations including headache, vomiting, exophthalmos, ocular hypertelorism, nasal root flat and scaphocephaly. CT showed that the cerebellar tonsil moved down slightly, the occipital magnum was full, the bilateral cranial plates were locally thinner, the bilateral cranial diameters were increased, and the cranial seams were closed. Magnetic resonance imaging showed ChiariⅠmalformation. The mutation c.40_63del and splice site mutation c.811-2A>G of the patient′s IL11RA gene were screened by whole exome sequencing. Sanger sequencing showed that the mutations are compound heterozygous and both are first reported. The mutation c.811-2A>G was derived from the patient′s mother, and the other one is de novo.Conclusions:The main clinical manifestations of Crouzon-like syndrome are craniosynostosis and midface hypoplasia and ocular deformity. The study identified two novel mutations in the Crouzon-like syndrome related IL11RA gene. Genetic sequencing is helpful for accurate diagnosis and timely surgical treatment.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870107

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation of multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms(SNPs)of thyroid peroxidase(TPO)and thyroglobulin(Tg)genes with Hashimoto′s thyroiditis(HT).Methods:Based on the gene mutation sites obtained from the second-generation sequencing of the target region of the previous autoimmune thyroid disease cases in our research group, the representative sites were selected for confirming in the expanded samples. A total of 301 Uyghur patients with HT and 383 controls were selected to determine the genotypes of representative SNPs(rs4927631, rs2071400, rs2071403, rs2403883, rs4236899, rs4736434, rs180195)using MassArry Sequenom platform. Correlation analysis and linkage analysis were performed with SPSS 21.0 software.Results:(1)The SNP rs4927631 gene frequency and genotype of TPO gene were significantly different between the case and control groups. The SNP rs2071403 gene frequency of TPO gene revealed statistically different between the case and control groups.(2)With analysis under different genetic models, the rs4927631 and rs2071403 of TPO gene were associated with HT under the additive model(AA/GG)and dominant model( P<0.05). The rs180195 of Tg gene was associated with HT in a recessive model( P<0.05). (3)All subjects were grouped according to the dominant genotype(AA+ GA)and recessive genotype(GG)of the TPO gene rs2071403, and mean age, gender distribution, proportion of those with higher TSH, and lower FT 4 were compared between two groups. Only thyroid peroxidase antibody(TPOAb) level displayed a statistical difference( P<0.05). This was the case for the patients with HT after grouped according to the above method( P<0.05). Conclusion:The rs4927631 and rs2071403 loci of TPO gene are associated with the pathogenesis of HT in Xinjiang Uygur.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 866-872, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866234

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between rs231775 polymorphism of cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA4) gene and autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) of Uygur in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.Methods:A total of 382 Uygur patients with AITD [including 328 Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) patients and 54 Graves' disease (GD) patients] diagnosed in the People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from January 2017 to December 2018 were selected as the case group, and 383 Uygur health physical examiners in the same period were selected as the control group. The whole blood genomic DNA of the study subjects was extracted, and the Sequenom-mass spectrometry analysis platform was used to determine the genotyping of CTLA4 gene single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) locus rs231775 and analyze the genetic model, and the correlation between rs231775 polymorphism and AITD under different genetic models was compared. The logistic regression analysis model was used to analyze the influencing factors of AITD. And the thyroid function index of different genotype population was compared.Results:In the case group and the control group, the differences of CTLA4 gene rs231775 alleles (A: 41.88%, 49.35%; G: 58.12%, 50.65%) and genotype frequencies (AA: 17.80%, 23.24%; AG: 48.17%, 52.22%; GG: 34.03%, 24.54%) were statistically significant (χ 2=8.586, 9.260, P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the genotype frequency of rs231775 in HT group, the alleles and genotype frequencies of rs231775 in GD group were significantly different (χ 2=5.997, 11.130, 10.210, P < 0.05). Under the additive and dominant models, the CTLA4 gene rs231775 was correlated with AITD [odds ratio ( OR)=0.67, 0.55, 0.63] and HT ( OR=0.69, 0.62, 0.67, P < 0.05); and correlated with GD under the additive, dominant and recessive genetic models ( OR=0.53, 0.23, 0.44, 0.34, P < 0.05). The logistic regression analysis showed that genotype, gender, age, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (FT 4) were independent influencing factors of AITD ( P < 0.05). Among all the subjects, the level of thyroglobulin antibody(TgAb) in the population with the recessive genotype (GG) at the rs231775 of the CTLA4 gene was higher than that in the dominant genotype (AA+AG) population ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:The CTLA4 gene rs231775 polymorphism is significantly related to AITD of Uygur in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, and the level of TgAb in GG genotype is higher than that in other genotypes.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818928

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the pathogenicity of Pneumocystis and its association with the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods The rat model of Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) was induced by intraperitoneal injection with dexamethasone, which was confirmed by pathogenic detection. The pathologic changes of rat lung specimens were examined using conventional HE staining, and the expression of inflammatory cells were detected by flow cytometry in bron-choalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and splenic tissues of the rat model of PCP. In addition, the serum levels of matrix metalloproteinase 8 (MMP-8) and MMP-9 were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results Fusion and atrophy of alveolar spaces and hyperplasia of lung tissue were seen in the lung specimens of the rat model of PCP, and foam-like alveolar exudates and infiltration of inflammation cells were observed in the alveolar space, while severe infections exhibited consolidation of lung, which was similar to pathological features of COPD. The counts of CD8+ T lymphocytes (t = −7.920 and −12.514, P < 0.01), macrophages (t = −7.651 and −14.590, P < 0.01) and granulocytes (t = −10.310 and −16.578, P < 0.01) significantly increased and the counts of CD4+ T lymphocytes (t = 6.427 and 18.579, P < 0.01) significantly reduced in the BALF and splenic specimens of the rats with PCP relative to those without PCP. In addition, higher serum MMP-8 (t = −8.689, P < 0.01) and MMP-9 levels (t = −7.041, P < 0.01) were measured in rats with PCP than in those without PCP. Conclusion Pneumocystis infection may be associated with the development and progression of COPD.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818476

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the pathogenicity of Pneumocystis and its association with the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods The rat model of Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) was induced by intraperitoneal injection with dexamethasone, which was confirmed by pathogenic detection. The pathologic changes of rat lung specimens were examined using conventional HE staining, and the expression of inflammatory cells were detected by flow cytometry in bron-choalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and splenic tissues of the rat model of PCP. In addition, the serum levels of matrix metalloproteinase 8 (MMP-8) and MMP-9 were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results Fusion and atrophy of alveolar spaces and hyperplasia of lung tissue were seen in the lung specimens of the rat model of PCP, and foam-like alveolar exudates and infiltration of inflammation cells were observed in the alveolar space, while severe infections exhibited consolidation of lung, which was similar to pathological features of COPD. The counts of CD8+ T lymphocytes (t = −7.920 and −12.514, P < 0.01), macrophages (t = −7.651 and −14.590, P < 0.01) and granulocytes (t = −10.310 and −16.578, P < 0.01) significantly increased and the counts of CD4+ T lymphocytes (t = 6.427 and 18.579, P < 0.01) significantly reduced in the BALF and splenic specimens of the rats with PCP relative to those without PCP. In addition, higher serum MMP-8 (t = −8.689, P < 0.01) and MMP-9 levels (t = −7.041, P < 0.01) were measured in rats with PCP than in those without PCP. Conclusion Pneumocystis infection may be associated with the development and progression of COPD.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776273

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effectiveness in treatment of chronic neck pain with the direct moxibustion of small moxa cone and explore the dose-effect relationship in treatment of chronic neck pain with different small moxa cones.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 patients with chronic neck pain were randomized into a 3-moxa-cone group, a 5-moxa-cone group, a 7-moxa-cone group and a sham-moxibustion group, 30 cases in each one. Fengchi (GB 20), Tianzhu (BL 10), Jingbailao (EX-HN 15), Jianzhongshu (SI 15) and Jianjing (GB 21) were selected in each of the groups. The direct moxibustion with 3, 5 and 7 moxa cones as well as the sham-moxibustion therapy were provided successively in each of the above groups. In the sham-moxibustion group, the lower 1/3 section of moxa cone (about 1.5 mm in length) was soaked in oil before used in treatment. In each group, the treatment was given twice a week, for 10 treatments totally. Separately, before treatment, after treatment and in 1-month follow-up, the scores of the Northwick Park neck pain questionnaire (NPQ), the scores of McGill pain questionnaire (MPQ) and the local pressure pain threshold (PPT) were observed in each group. After treatment and in 1-month follow-up, the therapeutic effects were evaluated in each group.@*RESULTS@#After treatment and in 1-month follow-up, NPQ scores and MPQ scores in the 3-moxa-cone group, the 5-moxa-cone group and the 7-moxa-cone group were reduced as compared with those before treatment separately (all 0.05). After treatment and in 1-month follow-up, NPQ scores and MPQ scores in the 3-moxa-cone group, the 5-moxa-cone group and the 7-moxa-cone group were lower as compared with the sham-moxibustion group separately (all 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The direct moxibustion therapy with different small-moxa-cones effectively relieves chronic neck pain. There is a trend of improvement of the therapeutic effects with increase of the numbers of moxa cones.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Humans , Moxibustion , Neck Pain , Therapeutics , Pain Measurement , Surveys and Questionnaires
13.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 187-195, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777197

ABSTRACT

Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is involved in the regulation of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) tension. Angiotensin II (Ang II) as the main effector molecule of RAS can increase the intracellular Ca concentration and cause VSMCs contraction by activating angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R). The large-conductance Ca- and voltage-activated potassium (BK) channel is an essential potassium channel in VSMCs, playing an important role in maintaining membrane potential and intracellular potassium-calcium balance. The BK channel in VSMCs mainly consists of α and β1 subunits. Functional BKα subunits contain voltage-sensors and Ca binding sites. Hence, increase in the membrane potential or intracellular Ca concentration can trigger the opening of the BK channel by mediating transient K outward current in a negative regulatory manner. However, increasing evidence has shown that although Ang II can raise the intracellular Ca concentration, it also inhibits the expression and function of the BK channel by activating the PKC pathway, internalizing AT1R-BKα heterodimer, or dissociating α and β1 subunits. Under some specific conditions, Ang II can also activate the BK channel, but the underlying mechanism remains unknown. In this review, we summarize the potential mechanisms underlying the inhibitory or activating effect of Ang II on the BK channel, hoping that it could provide a theoretical basis for improving intracellular ion imbalance.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin II , Physiology , Calcium , Physiology , Humans , Large-Conductance Calcium-Activated Potassium Channels , Physiology , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Cell Biology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Physiology , Renin-Angiotensin System
14.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 343-353, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687819

ABSTRACT

Myocardial fibrosis (MF) is an important pathological process of cardiac remodeling in patients with heart failure; however its etiology has not been clear. It has been known that the angiotensin II type 1 receptor autoantibody (AT1-AA) is present in patients with heart failure, but it is unclear whether this antibody directly causes MF. In this study, we investigated the role of AT1-AA in MF and its effects on cardiac fibroblasts (CFs). The AT1-AA positive rat model was established by active immunization method, and the measurement of indexes were made in the 8th week after active immunity. The results of heart echocardiography showed that the cardiac systolic and diastolic functions of AT1-AA positive rats were impaired with reduced left ventricular wall thickness and enlarged heart chambers. HE staining results showed that the myocardial fibers were disorganized and ruptured, and Masson staining revealed that the area of collagen fibers around the myocardium and coronary arteries was significantly increased in AT1-AA positive group compared with that of the control group (P < 0.05). Moreover, primary CFs isolated from neonatal rats were cultured and treated with AT1-AA for 48 h. CCK-8 and immunofluorescence staining results showed that AT1-AA enhanced proliferation rate of CFs (P < 0.001), and Western blot results showed that AT1-AA significantly increased expressions of collagen I (Col I), Col III, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 in CFs (all P < 0.05). Taken together, these results suggest that AT1-AA may induce MF and cardiac dysfunction via activating CFs.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852214

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of p-hydroxylcinnamaldehyde (CMSP) on cell proliferation, migration, cell cycle and the expression level of malignant biomarkers, and to investigate the underlying mechanism of differentiation of esophageal carcinoma Kyse30 cells (ESCC cells). Methods The effect of different concentration of CMSP at 0, 10, 20, and 40 μg/mL on viabilities of ESCC cell lines (Kyse30, Eca109, and Kyse180) for 24, 48, and 72 h was determined by MTS assay. Optical microscope and scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) were used to observe the morphologic changes of Kyse30 cells. The effect of CMSP at different concentration on cell cycle distribution and apoptosis of Kyse30 cells was assessed by flow cytometry analysis. ELISA was used to detect the effect of CMSP on expression of tumor related antigens (CEA and SCC) and malignant biomarkers (IL-6 and MIC-1) in Kyse30 cells at protein secretion level. Influence of different concentration of CMSP on migration and invasiveness of Kyse30 cells were determined by colony-formation, wound healing and Transwell assays. Western blotting was used to evaluate the effect of CMSP on expression of protein biomarkers C-myc and N-myc of Kyse30 cells and the related proteins in RhoA-MAPK pathway. Results The proliferation of esophageal cancer cell lines (Kyse30, Eca109, and Kyse180) was significantly inhibited by CMSP in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The cell cycle Kyse30 was blocked in G0/G1 phase. After the treatment with CMSP, Kyse30 cells showed typical dendrite-like cellular protrusions, and the percentage of such elongated cells was significantly and progressively increased with the increase in CMSP concentration (P 0.05). CMSP could decrease the expression of CEA, SCC, IL-6, and MIC-1 both in protein secretion levels significantly in a dose- and time-dependent manner (P < 0.05, 0.01). Western blotting analysis showed that C-myc and N-myc proteins were all decreased significantly in Kyse30 cells after treatment with CMSP (P < 0.05). CMSP significantly inhibited the proliferation and migration ability of Kyse30 cells (P < 0.05) and induced cell differentiation; The protein levels of p-P38 was significantly increased (P < 0.01), while protein levels of ERK1/2, SAPK/JNK, and GTP-RhoA were obviously decreased in Kyse30 cells after treatment with CMSP (P < 0.01). Conclusion CMSP suppressed the proliferation and induced the differentiation of Kyse30 cells through regulating the RhoA-MAPK signal pathway, which might provide new potential strategies for ESCC treatment.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345337

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the value of G-banded karyotyping in combination with multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) as a tool for the detection of chromosomal abnormalities in fetuses with congenital heart defects.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The combined method was used to analyze 104 fetuses with heart malformations identified by ultrasonography. Abnormal findings were confirmed with chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Nineteen (18%) fetuses were found to harbor chromosomal aberrations by G-banded karyotyping and MLPA. For 93 cases, CMA has detected abnormalities in 14 cases including 10 pathogenic copy number variations (CNVs) and 4 CNVs of uncertain significance (VOUS). MLPA was able to detect all of the pathogenic CNVs and 1 VOUS CNV.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Combined use of G-banded karyotyping and MLPA is a rapid, low-cost and effective method to detect chromosomal abnormalities in fetuses with various heart malformations.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosome Banding , Chromosome Disorders , Diagnosis , Genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations , Female , Fetal Diseases , Diagnosis , Genetics , Genetic Testing , Methods , Heart Defects, Congenital , Diagnosis , Genetics , Humans , Karyotyping , Methods , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Methods , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity
17.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 367-377, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348262

ABSTRACT

Trauma-induced secondary cardiac injury (TISCI) is associated with increased adverse cardiac events and death. We have previously reported that TISCI results in myocardial apoptosis and secondary cardiac dysfunction. However, the underlying mechanism is unclear. To identify the time course of trauma-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis and possible apoptotic pathway, traumatic rat models were built with Noble-Collip drum. Meanwhile, normal rat cardiomyocytes were cultured with traumatic plasma (TP) for 48 h. Cardiomyocyte apoptosis, cardiac function and the apoptosis related enzymes, including caspase-3, -8, -9, and -12, were determined. The results showed that there was no direct injury of rat hearts immediately after trauma. However, compared with hearts from the sham rats, hearts isolated from traumatic rats exhibited reduced +dP/dTand -dP/dT24 h after trauma. In traumatic rats, myocardial apoptotic index and caspase-3 activity obviously increased 6 h after trauma, and achieved the maximal value 12 h after trauma. The activity and expression of caspase-12, an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-specific caspase, elevated markedly 3 h after trauma and reached its peak 6 h after trauma. Otherwise, caspase-8 (extrinsic apoptotic pathway) and caspase-9 (intrinsic apoptotic pathway) in the myocardial tissue of traumatic rats were activated 24 h after trauma. Meanwhile, incubation of normal rat cardiomyocytes with TP increased caspase-12 activity at 6 h, caspase-3 activity at 12 h, caspase-8 and -9 activities at 24 h, respectively. TP-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis was virtually abolished by Z-ATAD-FMK (a caspase-12 specific inhibitor). In addition, there was a significant negative correlation between myocardial caspase-12 activity and trauma-induced secondary cardiac dysfunction. Our present study demonstrated that caspase-12 is firstly activated and plays an important role in TISCI rats. Inhibition of caspase-12 mediated apoptosis may be a novel strategy in ameliorating posttraumatic cardiomyocyte apoptosis and secondary cardiac injury.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360181

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects of Herba Scutellariae Barbatae flavonoids (HF) in delaying aging of Caenorhabditis elegans and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The effects of 30 or 50 mg/L of HF on nematode life span, reproductive capacity, oxidative stress, and antioxidant enzyme activity of C. elegans were assessed, and the effects of HF on the expressions of the genes encoding antioxidant enzymes and the aging-related genes were analyzed using real-time RT-PCR in both C. elegans and cultured HUVECs. Results Compared with the blank control group, C. elegans with HF treatment showed significantly improved mean and maximum lifespan with a prolonged mean lifespan under acute heat stress at 35 degrees celsius;. HF treatment did not impair the reproductive capacity or cause significant changes in the offspring number of C. elegans. In addition, HF enhanced SOD and CAT activity and up-regulated the expression of daf-16 and sir-2.1 (SIRT1) genes in C. elegans and HUVECs.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>HF may delay aging of C. elegans and enhance their resistance to acute heat stress without damaging their reproductive capacity possibly by up-regulating the activity of antioxidant enzymes and expressions of antioxidant genes. HF also may protect endothelial cells against oxidative damage.</p>

19.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 91-94, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660958

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluated the security of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) among the patients aged over 80 years. Methods 80 patients who were accepted ERCP and aged over 80 years were analgzed, to learn the diseases of patients and evaluate what the impact of ERCP. To complete ERCP in the shortest time, we observed of vital signs, abdominal symptoms and nasal biliary drainage rigorouly after the opration , and to test blood routine, serum amylase, urine amylase and biochemical indicators, detect whether secondary or aggravate other organs damage within 1 week. Results There were 11 cases (13.75%) had secondary organs damage, the percentage of with over two diseases is 51.25%, 78 cases (96.25%) accepted the ERCP, the primary success rate of lithotomy in 55 cases of common bile duct stones is 74.55%, among them there were 3 cases accepted internal drainage by cutting the nasobiliary since they can not be conducted lithotomy once more. One patient of pancreatic carcinoma complicated with duodenal stenosis was treated in implantation of biliary metal stent after accepted the dilation of bile duct , and then the stent was implanted in the narrow duodenum. One patient was died of heart failure, renal failure and respiratory failure after one week; There were no other serious complications occurred, the total incidence rate of complication was 7.50%, the average operation time was (26.64 ± 8.31) min. Conclusions The patients over 80 years old are relatively safe for ERCP, the effect is obviously, and appropriate management of perioperative can reduce the incidence of complications.

20.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 91-94, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658163

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluated the security of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) among the patients aged over 80 years. Methods 80 patients who were accepted ERCP and aged over 80 years were analgzed, to learn the diseases of patients and evaluate what the impact of ERCP. To complete ERCP in the shortest time, we observed of vital signs, abdominal symptoms and nasal biliary drainage rigorouly after the opration , and to test blood routine, serum amylase, urine amylase and biochemical indicators, detect whether secondary or aggravate other organs damage within 1 week. Results There were 11 cases (13.75%) had secondary organs damage, the percentage of with over two diseases is 51.25%, 78 cases (96.25%) accepted the ERCP, the primary success rate of lithotomy in 55 cases of common bile duct stones is 74.55%, among them there were 3 cases accepted internal drainage by cutting the nasobiliary since they can not be conducted lithotomy once more. One patient of pancreatic carcinoma complicated with duodenal stenosis was treated in implantation of biliary metal stent after accepted the dilation of bile duct , and then the stent was implanted in the narrow duodenum. One patient was died of heart failure, renal failure and respiratory failure after one week; There were no other serious complications occurred, the total incidence rate of complication was 7.50%, the average operation time was (26.64 ± 8.31) min. Conclusions The patients over 80 years old are relatively safe for ERCP, the effect is obviously, and appropriate management of perioperative can reduce the incidence of complications.

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