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Int. j. morphol ; 39(3): 759-765, jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385410


SUMMARY: The histo-morphology and biometry of liver, lung and kidney of goat were studied. The obtained samples were divided into two groups. One set of tissue was processed for paraffin embedding after formalin fixation. The other set was indigenously plastinated. The plastinates were embedded with paraffin without deplastination. Both the non plastinated and plastinated tissues were sectioned and processed for routine staining. The tissues were examined under light microscope for histological architectures and quantitatively assessed the biometric parameters. The non plastinated and plastinated samples yielded mostly similar histological architectures. But plastinated liver showed alterations and artifacts with enlargement of the central vein and hepatic sinusoidal space. Plastinated lung revealed enlarged alveolar sac. Lack of nuclear clarity was observed for all the plastinated samples. The plastinated kidney revealed compactness of the cellular structures and shrinkage induced artifacts with clear renal corpuscles structure and obvious glomerular capsule (Bowman's capsule). The biometric measurements of central vein of liver, alveolar sac of lung, glomerulus and glomerular space of kidney of both plastinated and non plastinated tissue were also performed using calibrated stage micrometer. Comparison was done between the biometric data for both plastinated and non plastinated tissue. No significant difference was found in the obtained biometric data of liver and lung. Only a significant difference was observed between the width of glomerulus of non plastinated kidney and width of glomerulus of plastinated kidney. The morphological and biometric study of non plastinated and plastinated organs of goat can conclude that histological slides can be made from indigenously plastinated organs with well preserved histological architectures of the tissues with some rare exceptions. Plastination does not affect the biometric characteristics of the organs. In addition, the comparative morphologic and biometric study of plastinated and non plastinated organs of goat will be useful in education and research.

RESUMEN: En este estudio se analizó la histomorfología y biometría de hígado, pulmón y riñón de cabra. Las muestras obtenidas se dividieron en dos grupos: una cohorte de tejido fue procesada para su inclusión en parafina después de la fijación con formalina. La siguiente cohorte fue plastinada localmente. Tanto los tejidos no plastinados como los plastinados fueron seccionados y procesados para tinción de rutina. Los tejidos se examinaron con un microscopio óptico en busca de arquitecturas histológicas y se evaluaron cuantitativamente los parámetros biométricos. Las muestras no plastinadas y plastinadas produjeron arquitecturas histológicas en su mayoría similares. El hígado plastinado mostró alteraciones y artefactos con un aumento de la vena central y del espacio sinusoidal hepático. El pulmón plastinado reveló aumento del saco alveolar. Se observó falta de claridad nuclear en todas las muestras plastinadas. El riñón plastinado reveló compacidad de las estructuras celulares y artefactos inducidos por contracción con estructura clara de corpúsculos renales y obvia cápsula glomerular (cápsula de Bowman). Las mediciones biométricas de la vena central del hígado, el saco alveolar del pulmón, el glomérulo y el espacio glomerular del riñón de tejido plastinado y no plastinado también se realizaron utilizando un micrómetro de platina calibrado. Se realizó una comparación entre los datos biométricos del tejido plastinado y no plastinado. No se encontraron diferencias significativas en los datos biométricos obtenidos de hígado y pulmón. Se observó una diferencia significativa entre el ancho del glomérulo del riñón no plastinado y el ancho del glomérulo del riñón plastinado. En el estudio morfológico y biométrico de órganos de cabra no plastinados y plastinados se puede concluir que es posible hacer portaobjetos histológicos a partir de órganos plastinados naturales con arquitecturas histológicas de los tejidos bien conservadas, con algunas excepciones. La plastinación no afecta las características biométricas de los órganos. Además, el estudio comparativo morfológico y biométrico de órganos plastinados y no plastinados de cabra será de utilidad en la educación y la investigación.

Animals , Goats/anatomy & histology , Plastination , Ruminants/anatomy & histology , Biometry , Kidney/anatomy & histology , Liver/anatomy & histology , Lung/anatomy & histology
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 1032-1038, Aug. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124893


The study was conducted to examine the histological changes i.e. morphology and biometry of immune organs (thymus, spleen and bursa cloacalis or «Fabricius¼) of broilers in response to dietary dexamethasone (DEX). The day old chicks were obtained from the commercial hatchery and randomly divided into two groups i.e. control and experimental or treated group. The control group was reared on commercial broiler ration and the experimental group (n=25) was maintained on commercial broiler ration with corticosteroid (Dexamethasone-Decason, BP 0.5 mg, Opsonin @ 7 mg/kg feed). Samples (bursa cloacalis, spleen, and thymus) were collected from the ten control and ten experimental broilers at 14 and 28 days of experiment; then tissues were stained with Hematoxylin and Eosin. The biometric measurements of the samples were performed by the calibrated stage micrometer. Finally, the obtained data were analyzed using GraphPad Prism 8 software. In DEX treated group, the morphology of thymus, spleen and bursa cloacalis did not show any abnormal alterations. But their development rate was slower on visual inspection in DEX treated group. The length and width of bursal follicle of bursa cloacalis, thymic lobule of thymus and white pulp of spleen were statistically consisted but numerically decreased in DEX treated group than the control. The present findings suggested that DEX does not affect the histological architectures of immune organs except causing developmental arrest. Numerical decrease in the biometry of immune organs indicates that DEX causes apoptosis of immune cells in lymphoid organs of broiler.

El estudio se realizó para examinar los cambios histológicos, es decir, la morfología y la biometría de los órganos inmunes (timo, bazo y bolsa cloacal) de pollos de engorde en respuesta a la dexametasona en la dieta (DEX). Los pollitos de un día se obtuvieron de un criadero comercial y se dividieron aleatoriamente en dos grupos, control y experimental. El grupo control se crió con una ración comercial de pollos de engorde y el grupo experimental (n = 25) se mantuvo con una ración comercial de pollos de engorde con corticosteroides (DexamethasoneDecason, BP 0,5 mg, Opsonin @ 7 mg/kg). Se recogieron muestras (bolsa cloacal, bazo y timo) de los diez pollos del grupo control y diez del grupo de engorde experimental, a los 14 y 28 días de experimento. Luego, los tejidos se tiñeron con hematoxilina y eosina. Las mediciones biométricas de las muestras fueron realizadas con un micrómetro calibrado. Finalmente, los datos obtenidos se analizaron utilizando el software GraphPad Prism 8. En el grupo tratado con DEX, la morfología del timo, el bazo y la bolsa cloacal no mostraron alteraciones anormales. Pero su tasa de desarrollo fue más lenta en la inspección visual en el grupo tratado con DEX. La longitud y el ancho del folículo bursal de la bolsa cloacal, el lóbulo tímico del timo y la pulpa blanca del bazo fueron estadísticamente consistentes, pero disminuyeron numéricamente en el grupo tratado con DEX en relación al control. Los hallazgos actuales sugirieron que DEX no afecta la arquitectura histológica de los órganos inmunes, excepto que causa una detención del desarrollo. La disminución numérica en la biometría de los órganos inmunes indica que DEX provoca apoptosis de las células inmunes en los órganos linfoides de los pollos de engorde.

Animals , Dexamethasone/pharmacology , Immune System/drug effects , Spleen/drug effects , Thymus Gland/drug effects , Chickens , Cloaca/drug effects
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-175613


Background: Tuberculosis (TB) remains as an important public health problem in Bangladesh. TB is an infectious bacterial disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which most commonly affects the lungs. The common symptoms of tuberculosis include cough for a prolonged duration that is more than three weeks, unexplained or intended weight loss, fatigue, general feeling of tiredness, fever, sweating at night, chills and loss of appetite. The patients of Tuberculosis hide their disease from family, relatives, and community due to the presence of misconception. Methods: This cross-sectional study was done with 103 respondents .The objectives of this study were to assess knowledge of TB patients about their disease, and to identify their misconceptions associated with TB. The study was conducted to identify the conception regarding tuberculosis among the slum dweller in Shyamoli and Mohammmadpur area, in Dhaka city. Data were collected by face to face interview using semi-structured questionnaire. Results: Out of 103 respondents, among them 48.5% were in 15-25 years age group with mean 26.15; (SD = ± 5.34). More than two fifth (53.4%) respondents were male and 46.6t were female and 53.41% were educated up to primary level, 71.84% were married, 88% were Muslims, 26.21% respondents were Garment worker, 60.0% were lived in a nuclear family. Majority respondents (86.41%) live in tin shade house. Among the respondents 53.4% heard about TB disease and the main source of information was mass media(TV, Radio).Majority(70.87%) of respondents knew that Cough for more than 2 weeks is the Common Symptom of TB. Conclusions: Study findings shows that there is lots of misconception about tuberculosis but various TB control program are running in Bangladesh by Gob and different NGOs which can be help the people of our country to overcome the problems.

Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-159147


This study was aimed to evaluate the in vitro complexation nature and strength of complex which may be formed due to interaction between Amoxicillin and Calcium chloride (CaCl2). The interaction of Amoxicillin and Calcium chloride (fused) has been studied in aqueous systems at a fixed temperature (37 ± 0.5) °C and under different pH (pH 2.4 and pH 7.4) by using some physical methods as spectral observation, Job’s method of continuous variation, Ardon’s method. From spectrophotometric study, Amoxicillin gives a sharp peak at 272 nm when Calcium chloride mixed with Amoxicillin in 1:1 ratio the intensity of the peak of Amoxicillin change remarkably due to interaction. The jobs plot was obtained by plotting absorbance difference against the mole fraction of the each drug at pH 2.4 and pH 7.4. Amoxicillin forms strong 1:1 complex with Calcium chloride and reverse V Shaped curves indicate the formation of 1:1 complexes of Amoxicillin with Calcium chloride. These may indicate strong kinetics of complexation between Amoxicillin with Calcium chloride. The value of stability constant for the complexation of Amoxicillin with calcium chloride at pH 2.4 and pH 7.4 were obtained from the spectral data using Ardon’s plot. The value of stability constant for the drug-metal system at pH 2.4 and pH 7.4 are 5.54 and 6.67 respectively. At pH 2.4 it is found that Amoxicillin form relatively stable complex with Calcium chloride (stability constant 6.67) is high in comparison to pH 7.4. It can therefore be concluded that a careful consideration is needed during concurrent administration of Amoxicillin with Calcium chloride.

Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-172770


Background: Premature rupture of membrane (PROM) is one of the common complications of pregnancy that has major impact on fetal and neonatal outcome. It is the commonest clinical event where a normal pregnancy becomes suddenly a high-risk one for mother and fetus or neonate. Objective: The study was undertaken to investigate whether raised fibronectin level in vaginal fluid may indicate premature rupture of membrane. Materials and Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted in the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Sir Salimullah Medical College & Mitford Hospital, Dhaka during the period of January 2006 to December 2007. A total of 114 pregnant women with gestational age 28th week up to 40th week were included. Sixty were PROM (Group I) and 54 were non-PROM (Group II) subjects. Fibronectin in vaginal fluid was measured by an immunochemical reaction by nephelometer. Statistical analysis was done by SPSS version 10.0. Results: The PROM patients had significantly higher concentration of fibronectin (225.77 ± 115.18 ng/mL) compared to that in non-PROM subjects (8.04 ± 16.17 ng/mL) (p < 0.001). Conclusion: It can be concluded that in cases of unequivocal rupture or intactness of the membranes, the result of the fibronectin test corresponds well with the clinical situation. So fibronectin is a sensitive test for detection of amniotic fluid in the vagina.