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1.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 149-161, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916899

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To investigate the correlation between computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) parameters in 3-tesla (T) MRI and pathologic immunohistochemical (IHC) markers in invasive carcinoma of no special type (NST). @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 94 female who were diagnosed with NST carcinoma and underwent 3T MRI using CAD, from January 2018 to April 2019, were included. The relationship between angiovolume, curve peak, and early and late profiles of dynamic enhancement from CAD with pathologic IHC markers and molecular subtypes were retrospectively investigated using Dwass, Steel, Critchlow-Fligner multiple comparison analysis, and univariate binary logistic regression analysis. @*Results@#In NST carcinoma, a higher angiovolume was observed in tumors of higher nuclear and histologic grades and in lymph node (LN) (+), estrogen receptor (ER) (-), progesterone receptor (PR) (-), human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2) (+), and Ki-67 (+) tumors. A high rate of delayed washout and a low rate of delayed persistence were observed in Ki-67 (+) tumors. In the binary logistic regression analysis of NST carcinoma, a high angiovolume was significantly associated with a high nuclear and histologic grade, LN (+), ER (-), PR (-), HER2 (+) status, and non-luminal subtypes. A high rate of washout and a low rate of persistence were also significantly correlated with the Ki-67 (+) status. @*Conclusion@#Angiovolume and delayed washout/persistent rate from CAD parameters in contrast enhanced breast MRI correlated with predictive IHC markers. These results suggest that CAD parameters could be used as clinical prognostic, predictive factors.

2.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 380-387, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915798

ABSTRACT

Background@#Papillary breast lesions (PBLs) comprise diverse entities from benign and atypical lesions to malignant tumors. Although PBLs are characterized by a papillary growth pattern, it is challenging to achieve high diagnostic accuracy and reproducibility. Thus, we investigated the diagnostic reproducibility of PBLs in core needle biopsy (CNB) specimens with World Health Organization (WHO) classification. @*Methods@#Diagnostic reproducibility was assessed using interobserver variability (kappa value, κ) and agreement rate in the pathologic diagnosis of 60 PBL cases on CNB among 20 breast pathologists affiliated with 20 medical institutions in Korea. This analysis was performed using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining for cytokeratin 5 (CK5) and p63. The pathologic diagnosis of PBLs was based on WHO classification, which was used to establish simple classifications (4-tier, 3-tier, and 2-tier). @*Results@#On WHO classification, H&E staining exhibited ‘fair agreement’ (κ = 0.21) with a 47.0% agreement rate. Simple classifications presented improvement in interobserver variability and agreement rate. IHC staining increased the kappa value and agreement rate in all the classifications. Despite IHC staining, the encapsulated/solid papillary carcinoma (EPC/SPC) subgroup (κ = 0.16) exhibited lower agreement compared to the non-EPC/SPC subgroup (κ = 0.35) with WHO classification, which was similar to the results of any other classification systems. @*Conclusions@#Although the use of IHC staining for CK5 and p63 increased the diagnostic agreement of PBLs in CNB specimens, WHO classification exhibited a higher discordance rate compared to any other classifications. Therefore, this result warrants further intensive consensus studies to improve the diagnostic reproducibility of PBLs with WHO classification.

3.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 98-111, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719714

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: T category of the eighth edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system for distal bile duct carcinoma (DBDC) was changed to include tumor invasion depth measurement, while the N category adopted a 3-tier classification system based on the number of metastatic nodes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To validate cancer staging, a total of 200 surgically resected DBDCs were staged and compared according to the seventh and eighth editions. RESULTS: T categories included T1 (n=37, 18.5%), T2 (n=114, 57.0%), and T3 (n=49, 24.5%). N categories included N0 (n=133, 66.5%), N1 (n=50, 25.0%), and N2 (n=17, 8.5%). Stage groupings included I (n=33, 16.5%), II (n=150, 75.0%), and III (n=17, 8.5%). The overall 5-year survival rates (5-YSRs) of T1, T2, and T3 were 59.3%, 42.4%, and 12.2%, respectively. T category could discriminate patient survival by both pairwise (T1 and T2, p=0.011; T2 and T3, p < 0.001) and overall (p < 0.001) comparisons. The overall 5-YSRs of N0, N1, and N2 were 47.3%, 17.0%, and 14.7%, respectively. N category could partly discriminate patient survival by both pairwise (N0 and N1, p < 0.001; N1 and N2, p=0.579) and overall (p < 0.001) comparisons. The overall 5-YSRs of stages I, II, and III were 59.0%, 35.4%, and 14.7%, respectively. Stages could distinguish patient survival by both pairwise (I and II, p=0.002; II and III, p=0.015) and overall (p < 0.001) comparisons. On multivariate analyses, T and N categories (p=0.014 and p=0.029) and pancreatic invasion (p=0.006) remained significant prognostic factors. CONCLUSION: The T andNcategories of the eighth edition AJCC staging system for DBDC accurately predict patient prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bile Ducts , Bile , Cholangiocarcinoma , Classification , Joints , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Survival Rate
4.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 717-727, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916752

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To investigate the correlation of the strain elasticity of breast cancer with histologic features, immunohistochemical markers and molecular subtypes that are known to be factors related to prognosis.@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#B-mode ultrasound and strain elastography were performed in 123 patients (mean age, 53.4; range, 28–82) with invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) (mean size, 1.54 cm; range, 0.4–7.0 cm). Histologic grade, lymph node (LN) status, lymphovascular invasion, immunohistochemical biomarkers [estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), CK5/6, epidermal growth factor receptor, and Ki-67] and molecular subtypes were determined from surgical pathology reports. The relationships between these factors and elasticity scores were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#LN involvement was associated with a higher elasticity score which was statistically significant (p = 0.042). The tumor size, lymphovascular invasion, histologic grades, immunohistochemical markers and molecular subtypes had no significant correlation with the elasticity score (p > 0.05 for all). However, the IDCs with larger size and a positive lymphovascular invasion tended to have higher elasticity scores. Furthermore, higher histologic grade cancers and the HER2 overexpression-type tended to have lower elasticity scores.@*CONCLUSION@#The elasticity score of IDC had a significant correlation with LN involvement but no statistically significant correlation with the histologic features, immunohistochemical markers or molecular subtypes.

5.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 587-592, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-162275

ABSTRACT

Papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC), a histological subtype of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), accounts for approximately 10% of all RCC. Here, we report a case of metastatic RCC diagnosed unexpectedly in a 31-year-old female patient. Computed tomography revealed a renal abscess in the left kidney and the urine culture confirmed Escherichia coli producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamase. Despite appropriate antibiotic treatment for 2 months, the patient's symptoms and radiological findings worsened and she underwent nephrectomy. Pathological examination confirmed type 2 PRCC and a further staging study found stage 4 (T3N1M1). Our findings indicate that malignancy should be considered in young patients with a bacteriologically confirmed urinary tract infection.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Abscess , beta-Lactamases , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Escherichia coli , Fever of Unknown Origin , Kidney , Nephrectomy , Pyelonephritis , Urinary Tract Infections
6.
The Korean Journal of Hepatology ; : 29-37, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-10955

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is commonly diagnosed using the semi-quantitative grading and staging system proposed by Brunt et al. in 1999. The Pathology Committee of the NASH established the nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD) activity score (NAS) in 2005. The aim of this study was to elucidate the validity and reliability of the NAS in Korean NAFLD patients. METHODS: Fifty-six patients on whom sonography-guided liver biopsy for well-defined NAFLD was performed between 1999 and 2007 were identified retrospectively. Two pathologists evaluated each biopsy sample. NAFLD was evaluated using both the grading system developed by Brunt et al. and the NAS. Each pathologist was blinded to the patients' clinical data and scored independently. We evaluated the body mass index (BMI), liver enzymes, lipid profile, peripheral insulin resistance, leptin, insulin/c-peptide ratio, ferritin, and fasting blood glucose. RESULTS: The patients were aged 32.1+/-12.5 years (mean+/-SD) and comprised 44 males (78.6%). Patients with different grades at the two grading systems had mild steatosis or ballooning changes with fibrosis, and 36.6% of them were borderline cases (NAS of 3 or 4). The interobserver agreement on diagnostic category was 0.748 (P<0.001) for the NAS (using weighted kappa statistics). Elevated fasting glucose, ALT, and triglyceride were associated with the NAS. CONCLUSIONS: The simple and reproducible NAS was found to be a useful pathologic grading system in Korean NAFLD patients. However, the proportion of borderline cases based on the NAS was high. The "wait and see" strategy is necessary for evaluating the long-term prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Asian People , Blood Glucose/analysis , Fatty Liver/pathology , Ferritins/blood , Fibrosis , Insulin Resistance , Reproducibility of Results , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Triglycerides/blood , Validation Studies as Topic
7.
Korean Journal of Pathology ; : 657-661, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-80791

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Descriptive diagnosis reports have been causing some problems in communication. Our institution decided to use the category diagnosis system since June, 2008. So we evaluated the effectiveness of this change. METHODS: The category system is composed of unsatisfactory, suboptimal for diagnosis but suggestive of, most probably benign, indeterminate, suspicious for malignancy and malignancy. We evaluated 1,525 cases from June, 2008 to September, 2009. We analyzed 159 cases of the indeterminate category. RESULTS: Among the 159 cases, 21 were re-aspirated and 63 underwent an operation. The diagnoses of the re-aspirated cases were 2 positive for malignancy, 5 indeterminate, 13 most probably benign, and 1 unsatisfactory. The surgical diagnoses were 39 malignancies, 2 follicular adenomas and 1 Hurthle cell adenoma, and 21 benign lesions. Re-aspiration for the indeterminate cases could help decide whether the lesions need to be operated or not at above 70%. The indeterminate category could predict the surgical diagnosis of the thyroid nodule with statistical significance when the subcategories were indicated (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The category diagnosis is replacing the descriptive diagnosis for the thyroid fine needle aspiration. The indeterminate category is useful and effective for making the decision to operate and especially when the indeterminate subcategories are used.


Subject(s)
Adenoma , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Nodule
8.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 325-330, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-130422

ABSTRACT

Gastritis cystica profunda (GCP) is a rare disease which shows multiple cystic gastric glands within the submucosa of the stomach. GCP lesions mainly develop at the site of gastroenterostomy and exhibit benign behavior. However, there have been a number of debates over its malignant potential. Several reports have documented GCP accompanied by gastric carcinomas, but the relationship between the two conditions remains uncertain. Here we report two cases of GCP with dysplasia accompanied by synchronous multiple early gastric cancers without previous gastric surgery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Cysts/diagnosis , Early Detection of Cancer , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Gastritis/complications , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/diagnosis , Stomach Neoplasms/complications
9.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 325-330, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-130411

ABSTRACT

Gastritis cystica profunda (GCP) is a rare disease which shows multiple cystic gastric glands within the submucosa of the stomach. GCP lesions mainly develop at the site of gastroenterostomy and exhibit benign behavior. However, there have been a number of debates over its malignant potential. Several reports have documented GCP accompanied by gastric carcinomas, but the relationship between the two conditions remains uncertain. Here we report two cases of GCP with dysplasia accompanied by synchronous multiple early gastric cancers without previous gastric surgery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Cysts/diagnosis , Early Detection of Cancer , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Gastritis/complications , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/diagnosis , Stomach Neoplasms/complications
10.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 207-210, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-58068

ABSTRACT

Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) is often founded in the head and neck region. However, BSCC in the sinonasal tract is rare. We report here on the case of a 58-yr-old woman who presented with nasal obstruction and epistaxis. Computed tomography and examination of the nasal cavity revealed a tumor mass that originated from the right inferior turbinate with erosion of the nasal floor. The tumor that was attached to the inferior turbinate, the lateral nasal wall and the eroded right side hard palate, and so all this was resected. Histopathologic examination of the excised tumor confirmed BSCC in the nasal cavity. We report here on a nasal cavity BSCC that was treated with partial maxillectomy only.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1 , Epistaxis , Floors and Floorcoverings , Head , Nasal Cavity , Nasal Obstruction , Neck , Palate, Hard , Turbinates
11.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 29-33, 2008.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-171025

ABSTRACT

Catamenial hemoptysis is a rare condition that's characterized by recurrent hemoptysis occurring in association with menstruation, and this is associated with the presence of intrapulmonary or endobronchial endometrial tissue. The diagnosis of pulmonary endometriosis can be made according to a typical clinical history and with exclusion of other causes of recurrent hemoptysis. Treatment of pulmonary endometriosis can be medical or surgical; however, the optimal management of this condition is still a matter of debate. Medical therapy may be problematic, due to recurrence of symptoms despite hormonal ablation, and adverse effects from long-term hormone therapy can also be a problem. We report here on a case of pulmonary endometriosis in a 23-year-old woman who presented with hemoptysis that occurred during the first 3 days of menstruation, and this happened over a 4 month period. She was successfully treated by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). No more hemoptysis was noted during 12 months of follow-up.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Young Adult , Endometriosis , Follow-Up Studies , Hemoptysis , Menstruation , Recurrence , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
12.
Journal of Rhinology ; : 125-127, 2007.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-171122

ABSTRACT

An angiomatous polyp originates from a sinochoanal polyp, and may be confused with a vascular neoplasm. Compromise of their vascular supply may occasionally lead to infarction, resulting in clinical, radiological and pathological features that simulate a neoplastic process. Recently, we experienced a case of angiomatous nasal polyp that eroded the anterior wall of maxilla at the time of its presentation in a 15-year-old boy. Angiomatous nasal polyps are poorly documented in clinical literature. Although entirely benign, they may simulate neoplastic processes. Thus, awareness of their existence is of considerable importance.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Male , Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1 , Hemangioma , Infarction , Maxilla , Nasal Polyps , Neoplastic Processes , Polyps , Vascular Neoplasms
13.
Gut and Liver ; : 145-150, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-198223

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Several simple tests for hepatic fibrosis employ indirect markers. However, the efficacy of using direct and indirect serum markers to predict significant fibrosis in clinical practice is inconclusive. We analyzed the efficacy of a previously reported indirect marker of hepatic fibrosis - the aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (APRI) - in patients with nonalcoholic chronic liver diseases (CLDs). METHODS: A total of 134 patients who underwent a percutaneous liver biopsy with a final diagnosis of chronic hepatitis B (n=93), chronic hepatitis C (n=18), or nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (n=23) were enrolled. A single-blinded pathologist staged fibrosis from F0 to F4 according to the METAVIR system, with significant hepatic fibrosis defined as a METAVIR fibrosis score of > or =2. RESULTS: The mean area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) of APRI for predicting significant fibrosis in nonalcoholic CLDs was 0.84 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.78-0.91]. APRI yielded the highest mean AUROC in the patients with chronic hepatitis B (0.85; 95% CI, 0.771-0.926). The positive predictive value of APRI > or =1.5 for predicting significant fibrosis was 89%. The negative predictive value of APRI <0.5 for excluding significant fibrosis was 80%. CONCLUSIONS: APRI might be a simple and noninvasive index for predicting significant fibrosis in nonalcoholic CLDs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Biopsy , Blood Platelets , Diagnosis , Fatty Liver , Fibrosis , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Hepatitis C, Chronic , Liver Diseases , Liver , ROC Curve , Biomarkers
14.
Korean Journal of Pathology ; : 21-29, 2007.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71840

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The histogenesis and interrelationship of the various types of germ cell tumors (GCTs) have been proposed. Dysgerminoma/seminoma (D/S) is a primitive GCT that has not acquired the potential for further differentiation, whereas other types of GCTs are in a dynamic process of differentiation towards a somatic or extraembryonal direction. A primordial germ cell giving rise to a GCT undergoes a developmentally regulated erasure and resetting of imprinted genes, but changes in the imprinting pattern in GCTs as the tumor differentiates have not been well defined. We aimed to investigate the changes of the SNRPN methylation pattern between the germinomas and non-germinomatous GCTs, as compared with the somatic methylation pattern. METHODS: We used formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections of 97 GCTs (18 Ds, 21 Ss, 17 yolk sac tumors (YSTs), 19 immature teratomas, and 22 mature teratomas). DNA methylation was evaluated after bisulfite modification, PCR amplification, and restriction enzyme digestion. RESULTS: The SNRPN methylation pattern was changed in 53/74 (71.6%) of GCTs as non-somatic patterns. There were significant differences in the methylation pattern between the germinomas and non-germinomatous GCTs, the GCTs being frequently hypo- methylated in Ds/Ss (73.3%), in contrast to the frequent hypermethylation seen in the YSTs and teratomas (47.7%, p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The methylation status of an imprinting gene may be involved in the mechanism causing cellular differentiation and tumorigenesis of GCTs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinogenesis , Digestion , DNA Methylation , Endodermal Sinus Tumor , Genomic Imprinting , Germ Cells , Germinoma , Methylation , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Ribonucleoproteins, Small Nuclear , snRNP Core Proteins , Teratoma
15.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 427-431, 2007.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121713

ABSTRACT

The bronchus-asociated lymphoid tissue(BALT) lymphoma is a low-grade primary malignant lymphoma that originates from bronchus associated lymphoid tissue. A 67-year-old woman was admitted for evaluation of cough, sputum, rhinorrhea which had persisted for one month. Physical examination showed decreased breathing sound on the left upper lung field. High resolution chest computed tomography demonstrated consolidation which showed air-bronchogram and surrounding ground glass opacity in left upper lobe. These findings implicated inactive tuberculosis, organizing pneumonia, or bronchiolo-alveolar carcinoma. The histologic findings from percutaneous needle aspiration biopsy revealed aggregated atypical small lymphoid cells with lymphoepithelial lesions. With immunohistochemical staining, the atypical lymphoid cells reacted positively with CD 20 antibody and negatively with CD 3 antibody. Thus, we could diagnosed her as a patient with BALT lymphoma. After left upper lobectomy, she has been well without recurrence of the disease for 14 months. In this country of Republic of Korea, it was the 1st case of BALT lymphoma surgically treated when histological diagnosis had been done. Based on this case, we wanted to demonstrate the importance of early histological diagnosis and treatment of BALT lymphoma.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Adenocarcinoma, Bronchiolo-Alveolar , Biopsy, Needle , Bronchi , Cough , Diagnosis , Glass , Lung , Lymphocytes , Lymphoid Tissue , Lymphoma , Needles , Physical Examination , Pneumonia , Recurrence , Republic of Korea , Respiratory Sounds , Sputum , Thorax , Tuberculosis
16.
Korean Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery ; : 7-13, 2006.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-102643

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis_(XGC) is an unusual and destructive inflammatory process of the gallbladder and it's characterized by severe proliferative fibrosis. XGC usually presents with features of chronic cholecystitis or acute cholecystitis, yet clinically, radiologically and macroscopically, XGC may be difficult to differentiate from gallbladder cancer. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the radiologic features of XGC and their correlation with the clinical, pathologic and surgical findings. METHODS: We performed retrospective analysis on 14 cases of XGCs that were operated on between March 1999 and December 2005. The clinical features, preoperative radiologic findings, operative findings and postoperative courses were reviewed. RESULTS: Fourteen cases of XGC were found among 1451 cases of cholecystectomy (0.96%). Mirizzi's syndrome was observed in 35.7% of the patients. Cholelithiasis and a thickened gallbladder wall were frequent findings. The most characteristic CT finding was hypodense intramural nodule like microabscess, and this was seen in 42.8% of the patients. The most characteristic sonographic finding was the presence of hypoechoic nodule in the gallbladder wall, and this was seen in 55.5% of the patients. 9 patients underwent open cholecystectomy including one case of T-tube choledocholithotomy. Four of five patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy required conversion to open surgery. A malignant lesion was suspected preoperatively in two cases, and both underwent frozen biopsy during surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Although the preoperative diagnosis of XGC is difficult, the presence of hypodense intramural nodule on CT or hypoechoic nodule in the gallbladder wall on sonography is highly suggestive of XGC. As XGC may resemble malignancy, differentiation is essential, via intraoperative frozen biopsy to deliver the optimal surgical treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Cholecystectomy , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Cholecystitis , Cholecystitis, Acute , Cholelithiasis , Conversion to Open Surgery , Diagnosis , Fibrosis , Gallbladder , Gallbladder Neoplasms , Mirizzi Syndrome , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography
17.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 432-439, 2006.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-151320

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis can develop from nonalcoholic fatty liver and progress to severe liver disease such as cirrhosis. The mechanism determining the progression from fatty liver to steatohepatitis is unknown. Iron is suspected to enhance hepatic damage associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aims of this study were to evaluate the relationship of serum iron indices and hepatic iron deposition with hepatic fibrosis or inflammation, and to assess whether the increased hepatic iron deposition is an independent predictor of progression to liver injury. METHODS: The biochemical and histopathological data of thirty-nine patients with NAFLD were analyzed. Liver biopsy findings were graded according to the method described by Brunt, et al. Hepatic iron concentration was available in 29 of 39 patients. RESULTS: The mean hepatic iron concentration and hepatic iron indices were 1,349+/-1,188 microgram/g dry weight and 0.9+/-0.7 microgram/g/age. Serum ferritin and body mass indices were associated with hepatic inflammation (p=0.001, p=0.006) and fibrosis (p=0.005, p=0.013). Hepatic iron concentration and hepatic iron index were not associated with hepatic inflammation and fibrosis. Multivariate analysis did not identify serum ferritin or body mass index as an independent predictor of liver injury. CONCLUSIONS: Hepatic iron deposition shows no association with the degree of hepatic inflammation or fibrosis. Hepatic iron is not an independent predictor of hepatic injury in patients with NAFLD.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Fatty Liver/complications , Ferritins/blood , Inflammation , Iron/blood , Liver/metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis/etiology
18.
Korean Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; : 2636-2640, 2006.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-32045

ABSTRACT

The synchronous existence of endometrial cancer and cervical cancer is very rare. The reported frequency of concurrent gynecologic neoplasms has ranged from 0.7% to 4.3%, synchronous primary tumors of the female genital tract are relatively rare, comprising only 0.49% to 1.7% of all genital neoplasms. The majority of synchronous multiple primary neoplasm of female reproductive tract are of endometrial and ovarian origin. Multiple primary neoplams involving uterine cervix and endometrium were regarded as rare entity. We experienced a rare case of multiple primary neoplasm involving uterine cervix and endometrium and report with brief review of literatures.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Cervix Uteri , Endometrial Neoplasms , Endometrium , Genital Neoplasms, Female , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
19.
Korean Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; : 1054-1057, 2005.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-202925

ABSTRACT

Intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL) is rare and it is characterized by intravascular nodular masses of histologically benign smooth muscle that may extend along the inferior vena cava or reaching the right-sided cardiac chamber, and eventually the lung. Although histologically benign, IVL might be malignant in its mode of behavior. We report a case of IVL that grew in a vessel of myometrium of uteri.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Leiomyomatosis , Lung , Muscle, Smooth , Myometrium , Uterus , Vena Cava, Inferior
20.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 579-582, 2005.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-123687

ABSTRACT

Combined large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma is an uncommon lung cancer that include large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma with components of adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, giant cell carcinoma and/or spindle cell carcinoma histologically. We report a case that pathologically diagnosed as combined large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma with component of adenocarcinoma after right pneumonectomy and mediastinal lymph node dissection. A 44-year-old man with intermittent chest pain was referred to our hospital for lung mass on the right mid lung field.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Carcinoma, Giant Cell , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Chest Pain , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Lymph Node Excision , Pneumonectomy
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