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1.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 105-116, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976820

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Oncotype DX (ODX) is a well-validated multigene assay that is increasingly used in Korean clinical practice. This study aimed to develop a clinicopathological prediction (CPP) model for the ODX recurrence scores (RSs). @*Methods@#A total of 297 patients (study group, n = 175; external validation group, n = 122) with estrogen receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative, T1-3N0-1M0 breast cancer, and available ODX test results were included in the study. Risk categorization as determined by ODX RSs concurred with the TAILORx study (low-risk, RS ≤ 25; high-risk, RS > 25). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to assess the relationships between clinicopathological variables and risk stratified by the ODX RSs. A CPP model was constructed based on regression coefficients (β values) for clinicopathological variables significant by multivariate regression analysis. @*Results@#Progesterone receptor (PR) negativity, high Ki-67 index, and nuclear grade (NG) 3 independently predicted high-risk RS, and these variables were used to construct the CPP model. The C-index, which represented the discriminatory ability of our CPP model for predicting a high-risk RS, was 0.915 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.859–0.971). When the CPP model was applied to the external validation group, the C-index was 0.926 (95% CI, 0.873–0.978). @*Conclusion@#Our CPP model based on PR, Ki-67 index, and NG could aid in the selection of patients with breast cancer requiring an ODX test.

2.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 40-47, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915804

ABSTRACT

Background@#Polo-like kinase 4 (PLK4) is a serine/threonine protein kinase located in the centriole of the chromosome during the cell cycle. PLK4 overexpression has been described in a variety of many common human epithelial tumors. Conversely, PLK4 acts as a haploinsufficient tumor suppressor in some situations, highlighting the importance of strict regulation of PLK4 expression, activity, and function. Meanwhile, the importance of chemoradiation resistance in rectal cancer is being emphasized more than ever. We aimed to analyze PLK4 expression and the tumor regression grade (TRG) in patients with rectal cancer, treated with chemoradiotherapy (CRT). @*Methods@#A retrospective study was conducted on 102 patients with rectal cancer who received preoperative CRT. Immunohistochemistry for PLK4 in paraffin-embedded tissue was performed from the biopsy and surgical specimens. @*Results@#We found significant association between high expression of PLK4 and poor response to neoadjuvant CRT (according to both Mandard and The Korean Society of Pathologists TRG systems) in the pre-CRT specimens. Other clinicopathologic parameters did not reveal any correlation with PLK4 expression. @*Conclusions@#This study revealed an association between high expression of PLK4 in the pre-CRT specimens and TRG. Our results indicated that PLK4 could potentially be a new predictor for CRT effect in patients with rectal cancer.

3.
Keimyung Medical Journal ; : 77-97, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917024

ABSTRACT

This study was performed to select the proper assessing methods for learning outcomes in undergraduate education of medical humanities (MH), and to evaluate whether student assessments in MH curricula are related to the graduate outcomes (GO)and/or periodic phase outcomes (PO). We searched the reasonable assessing methods for GO and PO of MH curricula of Keimyung University School of Medicine (KUSM). The outcomes are composed of six competencies including patient care, communication, patient support, professionalism, problem solving and research, and self-development. Then, we analyzed whether student assessments carried out during formal MH curricula properly achieved their PO, furthermore their GO. Four competencies including communication, patient support, professionalism, self-development were lightened to be closely related to outcomes for MH. Only the component of problem solving was settled to be related to MH in the competency of problem solving and research. The competency of patient care was excluded from the relationship with MH. The assessing methods for the GO and three PO recommended from educational experts, and there were various available assessing methods based on medical situations and clinical contexts including direct observation of clinical skills, 360 degree feedback, peer review, self-assessment, project-based assessment, portfolio-based assessment, discussion & presentation-based assessment, log-based assessment. For the outcome-achieving from formal MH curricula, the MH programs of phase-1 (1st and 2nd grades) almost accomplished the PO of communication, patient supporting and professionalism, and considerably accomplished the PO of problem solving and self-development. The MH programs of phase-2 (3rd and 4th grades) accomplished considerably their PO as the competencies of professionalism and problem solving, and partially as communication, patient supporting and self-development. However, as only one program, public health law, was provided for MH program in phase-3 (5th and 6th grades), the extra methods to evaluate their MH outcomes are needed. Many assessing methods can be available for the most MH competencies consisting of the GO of KUSM, and the proper assessing methods for each MH competency should be selected based on programs and learning contexts in MH education. While formal MH curricula of the school variously accomplished the MH competencies of GO according to periodic phases of curricula, it is recommended to enhance the feasibility and effectiveness of evaluation for GO in MH curricula of the school.

4.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 380-387, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915798

ABSTRACT

Background@#Papillary breast lesions (PBLs) comprise diverse entities from benign and atypical lesions to malignant tumors. Although PBLs are characterized by a papillary growth pattern, it is challenging to achieve high diagnostic accuracy and reproducibility. Thus, we investigated the diagnostic reproducibility of PBLs in core needle biopsy (CNB) specimens with World Health Organization (WHO) classification. @*Methods@#Diagnostic reproducibility was assessed using interobserver variability (kappa value, κ) and agreement rate in the pathologic diagnosis of 60 PBL cases on CNB among 20 breast pathologists affiliated with 20 medical institutions in Korea. This analysis was performed using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining for cytokeratin 5 (CK5) and p63. The pathologic diagnosis of PBLs was based on WHO classification, which was used to establish simple classifications (4-tier, 3-tier, and 2-tier). @*Results@#On WHO classification, H&E staining exhibited ‘fair agreement’ (κ = 0.21) with a 47.0% agreement rate. Simple classifications presented improvement in interobserver variability and agreement rate. IHC staining increased the kappa value and agreement rate in all the classifications. Despite IHC staining, the encapsulated/solid papillary carcinoma (EPC/SPC) subgroup (κ = 0.16) exhibited lower agreement compared to the non-EPC/SPC subgroup (κ = 0.35) with WHO classification, which was similar to the results of any other classification systems. @*Conclusions@#Although the use of IHC staining for CK5 and p63 increased the diagnostic agreement of PBLs in CNB specimens, WHO classification exhibited a higher discordance rate compared to any other classifications. Therefore, this result warrants further intensive consensus studies to improve the diagnostic reproducibility of PBLs with WHO classification.

5.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 448-456, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897080

ABSTRACT

Background@#Locoregional stem cell delivery is very important for increasing the efficiency of cell therapy. Amnisite BA (Amnisite) is a freeze-dried amniotic membrane harvested from bovine placenta. The objective of this study was to investigate the retention of cells of the stromal vascular fraction (SVF) on Amnisite and to determine the effects of cell-loaded Amnisite in a porcine radiation-induced chronic wound model. @*Methods@#Initially, experiments were conducted to find the most suitable hydration and incubation conditions for the attachment of SVF cells extracted from pig fat to Amnisite. Before seeding, SVFs were labeled with PKH67. The SVF cell-loaded Amnisite (group S), Amnisite only (group A), and polyurethane foam (group C) were applied to treat radiation-induced chronic wounds in a porcine model. Biopsy was performed at 10, 14, and 21 days post-operation for histological analysis. @*Results@#Retaining the SVF on Amnisite required 30 minutes for hydration and 1 hour for incubation. A PKH67 fluorescence study showed that Amnisite successfully delivered the SVF to the wounds. In histological analysis, group S showed increased re-epithelialization and revascularization with decreased inflammation at 10 days post-operation. @*Conclusions@#SVFs had acceptable adherence on hydrated Amnisite, with successful cell delivery to a radiation-induced chronic wound model.

6.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 448-456, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889376

ABSTRACT

Background@#Locoregional stem cell delivery is very important for increasing the efficiency of cell therapy. Amnisite BA (Amnisite) is a freeze-dried amniotic membrane harvested from bovine placenta. The objective of this study was to investigate the retention of cells of the stromal vascular fraction (SVF) on Amnisite and to determine the effects of cell-loaded Amnisite in a porcine radiation-induced chronic wound model. @*Methods@#Initially, experiments were conducted to find the most suitable hydration and incubation conditions for the attachment of SVF cells extracted from pig fat to Amnisite. Before seeding, SVFs were labeled with PKH67. The SVF cell-loaded Amnisite (group S), Amnisite only (group A), and polyurethane foam (group C) were applied to treat radiation-induced chronic wounds in a porcine model. Biopsy was performed at 10, 14, and 21 days post-operation for histological analysis. @*Results@#Retaining the SVF on Amnisite required 30 minutes for hydration and 1 hour for incubation. A PKH67 fluorescence study showed that Amnisite successfully delivered the SVF to the wounds. In histological analysis, group S showed increased re-epithelialization and revascularization with decreased inflammation at 10 days post-operation. @*Conclusions@#SVFs had acceptable adherence on hydrated Amnisite, with successful cell delivery to a radiation-induced chronic wound model.

7.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e9-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834434

ABSTRACT

Objective@#A simultaneous detection of germline and somatic mutations in ovarian cancer (OC) using tumor materials is considered to be cost-effective for BRCA1/2 testing. However, there are limited studies of the analytical performances according to various sample types. The aim of this study is to propose a strategy for routine BRCA1/2 next-generation sequencing (NGS) screening based on analytical performance according to different sample types. @*Methods@#We compared BRCA1/2 NGS screening assay using buffy coat, fresh-frozen (FF) and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) from 130 samples. @*Results@#The rate of repeated tests in a total of buffy coat, FF and FFPE was 0%, 8%, and 34%, respectively. The accuracy of BRCA1/2 NGS testing was 100.0%, 99.9% and 99.9% in buffy coat, FFPE and FF, respectively. However, due to the presence of variant allele frequency (VAF) shifted heterozygous variants, tumor materials (FFPE and FF) showed lower sensitivity (95.5%–99.0%) than buffy coat (100%). Furthermore, FFPE showed 51.4% of the positive predictive value (PPV) on account of sequence artifacts. When performed in the post-filtration process, PPV was increased by approximately 20% in FFPE. Buffy coat showed 100% of sensitivity, specificity and accuracy in BRCA1/2 NGS test. @*Conclusions@#On the comparison of the analytical performance according to different sample types, the buffy coat was not affected by sequencing artifacts and VAF shifted variants. Therefore, the blood test should be given priority in detecting germline BRCA1/2 mutation, and tumor materials could be suitable to detect somatic mutations in OC patients without identifying germline BRCA1/2 mutation.

9.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 50-55, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719544

ABSTRACT

Sclerosing mesenteritis is a rare benign disease with a prevalence of 0.16–3.4% and is characterized by chronic nonspecific inflammation and extensive fibrosis in the adipose tissue of the mesentery although the exact pathogenesis is still elusive. A 65-year-old woman was referred with suspicion of an abdominal mass and biliary stones on abdominal ultrasonography and CT. Bile duct stones were confirmed by endoscopic ultrasonography and successfully treated by endoscopic retrograde cholangiography with stone removal. Furthermore, a 4.7 cm conglomerated mass on small intestinal mesentery was suspected as sclerosing mesenteritis based on the features on abdominal MRI. However, because it could not be differentiated from malignancy without histologic examination, laparoscopic excisional biopsy was performed; it showed only inflammatory cells with extensive fibrosis. Therefore, the abdominal mass was confirmed as sclerosing fibrosis and the patient was followed-up without any treatments because no mass-related symptoms accompanied the findings. Six months later, abdominal CT showed no significant change in the mass. Herein, we report a rare case of incidentally found idiopathic sclerosing mesenteritis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Adipose Tissue , Bile Ducts , Biopsy , Cholangiography , Endosonography , Fibrosis , Immunoglobulins , Inflammation , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mesentery , Panniculitis, Peritoneal , Prevalence , Sclerosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography
10.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 288-296, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716747

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Expression of RNA-binding motif protein 3 (RBM3) is induced by hypoxia and hypothermia. Recently, high expression of RBM3 was reported to be associated with a good prognosis in colon cancer, prostate cancer, ovarian cancer, and malignant melanoma. Studies on RBM3 in invasive breast carcinoma (IBC), however, are limited. METHODS: RBM3 expression was examined using a tissue microarray from 361 patients with IBC. Immunohistochemistry was performed for estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), and Ki-67 to compare the expression of these markers. For scoring of RBM3 expression, NF (nuclear staining fraction)×NI (nuclear staining intensity) was used. The RBM3 expression score was considered indicative of either low (≤4) or high (>4) expression. Western blot analysis was performed on breast cancer cell lines to evaluate RBM3 expression. RESULTS: Of the total 361 samples, 240 (66.5%) exhibited high RBM3 expression. High RBM3 expression was significantly associated with positivity for ER (p < 0.001), PR (p < 0.001), T stage (p < 0.001), histologic grade (p < 0.001), and % Ki-67 staining (p=0.004). Multivariate analysis revealed that high RBM3 expression was closely associated with prolonged disease-free survival (DFS) (p < 0.001) and overall survival (OS) (p < 0.001). Western blot analysis revealed reduced RBM3 expression in HCC1954 (HER2-enriched) and BT-20 (basal-like) cells with an aggressive phenotype. CONCLUSION: High nuclear RBM3 expression is strongly associated with a prolonged DFS and OS. Furthermore, RBM3 expression is closely associated with good prognostic markers such as ER and PR in IBC. High nuclear RBM3 expression is, therefore, a critical biomarker of favorable clinical outcomes in IBC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypoxia , Blotting, Western , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cell Line , Colonic Neoplasms , Disease-Free Survival , Estrogens , Hypothermia , Immunohistochemistry , Melanoma , Multivariate Analysis , Ovarian Neoplasms , Phenotype , Prognosis , Prostatic Neoplasms , ErbB Receptors , Receptors, Progesterone , RNA-Binding Proteins
11.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 27-32, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916652

ABSTRACT

Metaplastic breast carcinoma is a rare type of neoplasms with mixed epithelial and mesenchymal differentiation. Metaplastic carcinoma with chondroid differentiation is relatively an uncommon type among the different types of metaplastic carcinoma. In this report we present a case of metaplastic breast carcinoma with chondroid differentiation as a complex mass containing both components of invasive ductal carcinoma and chondroid differentiation. The invasive ductal carcinoma and chondroid differentiation show early contrast enhancement, delayed contrast wash out, diffusion restriction and intermediate or high signal intensity on T2-weighted image with minimal contrast enhancement, respectively.

12.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 339-343, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741187

ABSTRACT

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a widely used treatment method for most cholelithiasis and is a relatively safe procedure. Foreign body granulomatous reaction to bile or gallstone spillage during laparoscopic cholecystectomy has rarely been reported. We report a case of bile granuloma after laparoscopic cholecystectomy, which mimicked peritoneal seeding. A 59-year-old Korean man presented with right upper quadrant pain. He underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis with cholelithiasis. Pathologic examination revealed an incidental adenocarcinoma invading the lamina propria with acute cholecystitis and cholelithiasis. After 3 months, follow-up abdominal computed tomography revealed a subhepatic nodule, which showed hypermetabolism on positron emission tomography–computed tomography. Suspecting localized peritoneal seeding, wedge resection of the liver, wedge resection of the transverse colon, and omentectomy were performed. Pathologic examination of the resected specimens revealed multiple bile granulomas. Awareness of bile granuloma mimicking malignancy is noteworthy for patient management to reduce unnecessary procedure during postoperative surveillance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma , Bile , Cholecystectomy , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Cholecystitis, Acute , Cholelithiasis , Colon, Transverse , Electrons , Follow-Up Studies , Foreign Bodies , Gallstones , Granuloma , Liver , Methods , Mucous Membrane , Unnecessary Procedures
13.
Journal of Breast Disease ; (2): 79-83, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718900

ABSTRACT

Cowden syndrome (CS), also known as multiple hamartomas syndrome, is a rare hereditary autosomal dominant disorder caused by a germline mutation in the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) gene mapped on chromosome 10. The clinical features of CS are variable, primarily presenting as mucocutaneous lesions (99%). A mucocutaneous lesion, such as trichilemmoma of the face or keratosis of the extremities, is an important diagnostic marker for CS. CS has been reported to increase the incidence of benign and malignant neoplasms in the breast, thyroid, and gastrointestinal tract. The risk of developing malignancy in individuals with CS is up to 10 times higher than general population throughout an entire life time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 10 , Extremities , Gastrointestinal Tract , Germ-Line Mutation , Hamartoma , Hamartoma Syndrome, Multiple , Incidence , Keratosis , Thyroid Gland
14.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e90-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718157

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We performed small-scale mutation and large genomic rearrangement (LGR) analysis of BRCA1/2 in ovarian cancer patients to determine the prevalence and the characteristics of the mutations. METHODS: All ovarian cancer patients who visited a single institution between September 2015 and April 2017 were included. Sanger sequencing, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), and long-range polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were performed to comprehensively study BRCA1/2. The genetic risk models BRCAPRO, Myriad, and BOADICEA were used to evaluate the mutation analysis. RESULTS: In total, 131 patients were enrolled. Of the 131 patients, Sanger sequencing identified 16 different BRCA1/2 small-scale mutations in 20 patients (15.3%). Two novel nonsense mutations were detected in 2 patients with a serous borderline tumor and a large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma. MLPA analysis of BRCA1/2 in Sanger-negative patients revealed 2 LGRs. The LGRs accounted for 14.3% of all identified BRCA1 mutations, and the prevalence of LGRs identified in this study was 1.8% in 111 Sanger-negative patients. The genetic risk models showed statistically significant differences between mutation carriers and non-carriers. The 2 patients with LGRs had at least one blood relative with breast or ovarian cancer. CONCLUSION: Twenty-two (16.8%) of the unselected ovarian cancer patients had BRCA1/2 mutations that were detected through comprehensive BRCA1/2 genetic testing. Ovarian cancer patients with Sanger-negative results should be considered for LGR detection if they have one blood relative with breast or ovarian cancer. The detection of more BRCA1/2 mutations in patients is important for efforts to provide targeted therapy to ovarian cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine , Codon, Nonsense , Genetic Testing , Korea , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Ovarian Neoplasms , Ovary , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prevalence
15.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 95-100, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-161529

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Intima-to-intima microanastomotic vascular remodeling was explored, utilizing a polylactide-caprolactone absorbable vein coupler model (PAVCM), which was designed to simulate a non-absorbable counterpart system with the sole exception of being absorbable. METHODS: Six New Zealand white rabbits were used. After transection of the jugular vein, 2 PAVCMs were placed, 1 at each transected end. The stumps were slipped through the PAVCMs, and the venous wall was everted 90° to achieve intima-to-intima contact. Reanastomosis of the transected jugular vein was performed bilaterally in 3 rabbits. In the other 3 rabbits, the jugular vein (20 mm) harvested from one side was interpositionally grafted to the jugular vein on the opposite side to ease the anastomotic tension. Patency testing, ultrasonography, and histologic assessments were conducted postoperatively at weeks 2, 4, 12, 16, 22, and 26. RESULTS: All anastomotic sites were patent, without stenosis, occlusion, or dilatation. In the histologic sections, immature endothelial regeneration was observed at week 2, which was completed by week 4. Regeneration of the tunica media was noted at week 12. Between week 22 and week 26, the tunica media fully regenerated and the coupler dissipated entirely. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the absence of a coupler to act as an anastomotic buttress, the structure and function of all the vessels appeared normal, even histologically. These outcomes are true milestones in the development of an absorbable vein coupler.


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Anastomosis, Surgical , Constriction, Pathologic , Dilatation , Jugular Veins , Microsurgery , Regeneration , Transplants , Tunica Media , Ultrasonography , Vascular Remodeling , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Veins
16.
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing ; : 50-58, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-227332

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the knowledge structure of cancer survivors. METHODS: For data, 1099 articles were collected, with 365 keywords as a Noun phrase extracted from the articles and standardized for analyzing. Co-occurrence matrix were generated via a cosine similarity measure, and then the network analysis and visualization using PFNet and NodeXL were applied to visualize intellectual interchanges among keywords. RESULTS: According to the result of the content analysis and the cluster analysis of author keywords from cancer survivors articles, keywords such as 'quality of life', 'breast neoplasms', 'cancer survivors', 'neoplasms', 'exercise' had a high degree centrality. The 9 most important research topics concerning cancer survivors were 'cancer-related symptoms and nursing', 'cancer treatment-related issues', 'late effects', 'psychosocial issues', 'healthy living managements', 'social supports', 'palliative cares', 'research methodology', and 'research participants'. CONCLUSION: Through this study, the knowledge structure of cancer survivors was identified. The 9 topics identified in this study can provide useful research direction for the development of nursing in cancer survivor research areas. The Network analysis used in this study will be useful for identifying the knowledge structure and identifying general views and current cancer survivor research trends.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cluster Analysis , Databases, Factual , Models, Nursing , Neoplasms/pathology , Palliative Care , Qualitative Research , Quality of Life , Social Support , Survivors/psychology
17.
18.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 1-9, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-99612

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Nodal infiltration has been one of the most important prognostic factors in breast cancer. In recent decades, risk stratification has greatly changed, and is applied in accordance with hormone receptor and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status. We compared the prognostic power of tumor subtype to nodal involvement in early breast cancer. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 505 patients who had curative surgery for stage I or II breast cancer. We analyzed clinicopathologic factors according to tumor subtype and nodal involvement. Tumors were classified into 4 subtypes according to immunohistochemical status of estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, HER2, and Ki67 labeling index. Disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival were analyzed. RESULTS: There were 363 node-negative patients (71.9%) and 142 node-positive patients (28.1%). Luminal A, Luminal B, HER2, and triple-negative breast cancer subtypes were composed of 207 (41.0%), 147 (29.1%), 42 (8.3%), and 109 patients (21.6%), respectively. The median follow-up period was 89.5 months. Node negative-luminal A subtype showed the best prognosis with regard to 5-year DFS, and the pN1-triple negative subtype was associated with the shortest DFS (95.1% vs. 67.8%; hazard ratio, 9.554; P < 0.001). However, the node negative-triple negative subtype was associated with a worse 5-year DFS than the pN1-luminal A subtype ([86.4%; hazard ratio, 2.647; P = 0.048] vs. [93.2%; hazard ratio, 2.061; P = 0.194]). CONCLUSION: Node negative-triple negative breast cancer was associated with a poorer prognosis than pN1-luminal A subtype. Tumor subtype has greater prognostic power compared to nodal status in early breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Disease-Free Survival , Estrogens , Follow-Up Studies , Lymphatic Metastasis , Medical Records , Phenobarbital , Prognosis , ErbB Receptors , Receptors, Progesterone , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
19.
Asian Oncology Nursing ; : 208-216, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43903

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study attempted to examine those who experienced working after breast cancer diagnosis or job retention after timeoff or resignation. METHODS: Data collection and analysis were conducted using the biggest community website which contains articles written and discussed by breast cancer survivors. We used semantic network analysis to identify context of various keywords from collected 1,186 articles. After refining, we analyzed 212 keywords. Data were analyzed using two methodological approaches, ‘network analysis and data visualization’ (NodeXl & PFnet). RESULTS: As a result, 6 groups were classified; ‘conflict between breast cancer and job’, ‘difficulty of working and treatment parallel’, ‘breast cancer management while working’, ‘busy and hard life but showing gratitude’, ‘my body needs’, and ‘my heart needs’. We found that even though they had difficulties of working and treatment at the same time, they were thankful for their life. and they also reprogrammed their mind for more positive thinking through exercise for the health management and establishing a good eating habit. CONCLUSION: This paper will argue that we need to identify the experiences of cancer survivors. This allows the growth of the improvement working environment, the direction of policy, and the concern and understanding of nurses to needs of breast canner patients was definitely needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Data Collection , Diagnosis , Eating , Heart , Return to Work , Semantics , Survivors , Thinking
20.
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing ; : 76-85, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-201489

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify knowledge structure of the Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing from 1991 to 2014. METHODS: 400 articles between 1991 and 2014 were collected. 1,369 keywords as noun phrases were extracted from articles and standardized for analysis. Co-occurrence matrix was generated via a cosine similarity measure, then the network was analyzed and visualized using PFNet. Also NodeXL was applied to visualize intellectual interchanges among keywords. RESULTS: According to the results of the content analysis and the cluster analysis of author keywords from the Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing articles, 7 most important research topics of the journal were 'Workers & Work-related Health Problem', 'Recognition & Preventive Health Behaviors', 'Health Promotion & Quality of Life', 'Occupational Health Nursing & Management', 'Clinical Nursing Environment', 'Caregivers and Social Support', and 'Job Satisfaction, Stress & Performance'. Newly emerging topics for 4-year period units were observed as research trends. CONCLUSION: Through this study, the knowledge structure of the Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing was identified. The network analysis of this study will be useful for identifying the knowledge structure as well as finding general view and current research trends. Furthermore, The results of this study could be utilized to seek the research direction in the Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing.


Subject(s)
Nursing , Occupational Health Nursing
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