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1.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 715-721, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994759

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyse the association between triglyceride glucose (TyG) index and the number of coronary artery lesions in patients with stable coronary artery disease.Methods:It was a cross-sectional study. Patients with stable coronary artery disease who were admitted to Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from 1st January 2019 to 30th April 2020 for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were selected. We collected general clinical information and laboratory results from the enrolled patients, then calculated the TyG index. We evaluated coronary artery lesions by coronary angiography and analysed the factors associated with the number of coronary artery lesion branches by the logistic regression model.Results:A total of 832 patients were included in this study, 641 (77.0%) were male, the age was (64.6±11.5) years. The mean TyG index was 8.78. Patients with the TyG index≥8.78 were included in the high TyG index group (411 patients), and those with the TyG index<8.78 were included in the low TyG index group (421 patients). Compared with the low TyG index group, the high TyG index group had the higher body mass index and diastolic blood pressure, more smokers and diabetes mellitus, younger age of onset of coronary heart disease (all P<0.05), and a lower proportion of patients using statins ( P=0.027). Compared with the low TyG index group, the high TyG index group had the higher levels of erythrocyte count, hemoglobin, white blood cell count, albumin, urea nitrogen, uric acid, fasting blood glucose, HbA1c, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, apolipoprotein B, apolipoprotein E, and C-reactive protein (all P<0.05). However, the levels of high density lipoprotein, apolipoprotein A1 and apolipoprotein A were lower in the high TyG index group than those in the low TyG index group (all P<0.05). The number of coronary artery lesions in patients in the high TyG index group was 2.35±0.91, more than the low TyG index group 2.10±0.95 ( P<0.001).After adjusting for the other factors, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that male, smoking history (smoking cessation or smoking), TyG index and troponin T levels were independently positively associated with the number of coronary artery lesions (all OR>1, P<0.05), while ApoA1 was independently negatively associated with the number of coronary artery lesions ( OR=0.140, P=0.007). Conclusions:TyG index is positively associated with the number of coronary artery lesions in patients with stable coronary artery disease.

2.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 614-619, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994749

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish selection criteria of community mentors for postgraduates in general medicine.Methods:A subject index system of selection criteria of community tutors for general practice postgraduates was drafted and refined based on literature retrieving and in-depth interviews during January to December 2020. Twenty experts in general practice related fields were invited for two rounds of Delphi consultation. Analytic hierarchy process was used to calculate index weight coefficient and consistency test; and the developed selection criteria were evaluated.Results:Through the in-depth interviews with 11 general practice faculty and 11 general practice postgraduates, the following five first-level thematic frameworks were refined: (1) the professional qualities; (2) the basic qualities; (3) the clinical ability; (4) the teaching ability; (5) the scientific research ability. After two rounds of Delphi expert consultation, the selection criteria of community tutors for postgraduates in general practice were finally constructed, including 5 first-level indicators (professional quality, basic quality, medical practice ability, teaching and guidance ability, academic research ability) and 28 second-level indicators. The positive coefficients of experts were 85% and 100%; the expert authority coefficients were 0.825 and 0.860; and the expert opinion coordination coefficients were 0.486 and 0.515, respectively (all P<0.05). the weight coefficients of the five first-level indicators were 0.345, 0.210, 0.138, 0.210 and 0.097, respectively. Conclusion:The criteria and index system on the selection of community mentors for general practice postgraduates has been successfully developed in the study.

3.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 394-398, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994725

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors of three-vessel disease (TVD) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD).Methods:The clinical data of 447 patients with SCAD diagnosed in Zhongshan Hospital from May 2019 to April 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 108 cases with the single-vessel disease (SVD), 136 cases with the two-vessel disease, and 203 cases with three-vessel disease. The general data and hematological indexes were compared between patients with SVD and those with TVD; the related factors for TVD in SCAD patients were analyzed with univariate and multivariate logistic regression.Results:There were 244 males (78.5%) and 67 females (21.5%) with a median age of 57 years (64, 69). Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in diabetes history ( χ2=7.75, P=0.005), uric acid ( Z=-2.10, P=0.036), glycosylated hemoglobin ( Z=-2.77, P=0.006) and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ( Z=-2.99, P=0.003) levels between SVD and TVD groups. Multivariate analysis showed that the high level of blood uric acid ( OR=1.01, 95% CI: 1.00-1.01, P<0.05) and the low level of HDL-C ( OR=3.29, 95% CI:1.23-8.85, P<0.05) were related risk factors of TVD. Conclusion:High blood uric acid level and low HDL-C level are related factors for TVD in patients with SCAD.

4.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 367-372, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994721

ABSTRACT

Objective:To survey the status quo of hospice care service in community health service centers in Shanghai.Methods:A questionnaire survey was conducted to investigate the situation of hospice care services from January 2021 to December 2021 in 16 community health service centers selected by stratified sampling from 16 districts in Shanghai.Results:Among 16 community health service centers, 13 provided inpatient hospice care services, 16 provide home hospice care and 14 provided outpatient hospice care services; and totally 1 935 (77.93%), 158 (6.36%) and 390 (15.71%) patients received palliative care, respectively. In centers providing inpatient hospice care service, the average bed number was 12 (10, 20); the annual number of patients was 58 (29, 137); the average length of hospital stay was (29.55±11.18) days; and the bed occupancy rate was (55.51±30.02)%, which in urban districts was significantly higher than that in rural districts ((74.76±19.33)% vs.(39.00±28.32)%; t=2.61, P=0.024). The number of patients receiving home hospice care in each center was 10 (3, 19) and the average duration of home service was (66.97±29.41) days. The proportion of physician fee of inpatient hospice care and that of home hospice care were (8.61±5.27)% and (6.25±3.11)%, respectively. While the proportion of medication expenses of inpatient hospice care and that of home hospice care were (35.60±16.13)% and(49.58±9.16)%, respectively. The outpatient hospice service were opened 2.0 (1.0, 4.0) days a week in 14 centers and 95 (58, 199) patients received services. Inpatient services were mainly provided for the patients with non-malignant chronic diseases (53.23%, 1 030/1 935), while home hospice care (89.87%, 142/158) and outpatient hospice care (83.85%, 327/390) mainly provided service for malignant patients. Conclusion:There is still room for improvement about the hospice care services delivered by community health service centers in Shanghai:discrepancy of utilization of hospice care services between urban districts and rural districts, low utilization of home and outpatient hospice care services, unreasonable cost composition in inpatient and home hospice care services.

5.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 336-340, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994720

ABSTRACT

Pain is one of the most frightening and unbearable symptoms in cancer patients, approximately 80% of patients with advanced cancer have pain, and a systematic review shows that the prevalence of breakthrough cancer pain (BTcP) was 59.2%. Breakthrough pain often has a significant negative effect on quality of life of patients, which is related to a direct effect (suffering) and an indirect effect (interference with activities of daily living). Clinical management of BTcP is still not satisfactory despite the availability of various effective pain relief agents. The purpose of this review is to summarize the current situation of the management of BTcP at home and abroad, and to discuss the factors that hinder the management of BTcP.

6.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 288-294, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994713

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the breadth of condition coverage, accuracy of suggested conditions and appropriateness of urgency advice of the 8 symptom assessment mobile applications (APPs) available on the Chinese market.Methods:The APPs were assessed using 200 primary care vignettes and were measured against the vignettes′ standard. The primary outcome measures were proportion of conditions covered by an APP, proportion of vignettes with the correct primary diagnosis,and proportion of safe urgency advice.Results:For APPs assessed,condition-coverage was from 29.0%(58/200)to 99.5%(199/200), top-3 suggestion accuracy was from 8.5%(17/200) to 61.5%(123/200), the proportion of safe urgency advice was from 84.8%(167/197) to 99.5% (198/199).Conclusions:The APPs showed a wide range of coverage, safety performance and condition-suggestion accuracy. Symptom assessment APPs with good performance could be used by general practitioners as supporting tools. However, even symptom assessment APPs with excellent performance need to be further assessed in a real clinical environment.

7.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 175-180, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994702

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the work stress and its influencing factors among hospice care physicians and nurses in medical institutions in Shanghai.Methods:It was a cross-sectional study. The study was carried out between December 2021 and January 2022. By use of multistage random sampling, 256 hospice care physicians and nurses were selected from community healthcare centers, secondary and tertiary hospitals in Shanghai to attend a WeChat-based survey using a self-designed questionnaire. The chi-square test was used to compare the differences in prevalence of work stress and stressors among all subjects with different characteristics. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to explore the major determinants associated with work stress. And the sources of work stress and the expepectd decompression countermeasures were investigated.Results:A total of 256 valid questionnaires were collected with a recovery rate of 100.0%. The median of work stress score was 7.5 (6.0, 9.0). Logistic regression analysis showed that those aged>40 years old and working for ≥5 years in hospice care service had higher level of work stress ( OR=3.78, 2.04; P=0.007, 0.039), and those with monthly income>10 000 RMB Yuan had lower level of work stress ( OR=0.34, P=0.005). The top three stressors were the death of patients (88.3%, 226/256), low income (78.1%, 200/256), difficulty in promotion (67.2%, 172/256). The top three way that doctors and nurses desired to reduce work stress were to increase income (88.3%, 226/256) and optimize performance appraisal target (78.1%, 200/256) and promotion mechanism (66.0%, 169/256). Conclusions:In general, the work stress among hospice care physicians and nurses is at a high level in Shanghai and the stressors are widely distributed. Age, monthly salary and years of working in hospice care unit are independent factors of work stress. Improving salary, optimizing performance appraisal target and promotion mechanism are the most desired strategies to reduce work stress among hospice care physicians and nurses.

8.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 225-230, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933716

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status quo of pain management for cancer patients in hospice care wards of community health service centers.Methods:The electronic medical records of 373 cancer patients admitted in hospice wards of Kangjian Community Health Center of Xuhui District and Jinshanwei Town Community Health Center of Jinshan District from January 2015 to July 2021 were collected. The characteristics of cancer pain, the use of analgesic drugs, the effects of analgesic drugs and its influencing factors were analyzed.Results:The incidence of cancer pain in 373 patients was 93.0% (347/373), and the proportion of moderate to severe cancer pain was 55.6% (193/347). Analgesics were used in 304 patients, among whom 233 (76.6%) patients used oral analgesics, 297 (97.7%) used on time, 97.6%(285/292) used sustained-release opioids, and 94 (30.9%) used combinedly. Breakout pain occurred in 100 cases (32.9%), all of which was controlled with immediate-release morphine. Cancer pain was not relieved in 132 cases (43.42%), and multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the pain degree on admission (moderate: OR=3.69, 95 %CI:2.09-6.49; severe: OR=5.52, 95 %CI:2.43-12.53), the presence of burst pain ( OR=3.28, 95 %CI:1.77-6.06), the type of analgesics used (non-steroidal+weak opioids: OR=0.39, 95 %CI:0.20-0.76; nonsteroidal+strong opioids: OR=0.20, 95 %CI:0.08-0.51) and the adverse reactions ( OR=1.92, 95 %CI:1.03-3.60) were the influencing factors of pain relief in cancer pain patients (all P<0.05). Conclusion:The pain of cancer patients admitted to community palliative care wards cannot be ignored. Although most cancer pain patients use analgesic drugs in a standard way, there are still a high proportion of patients whose pain is not controlled. Various factors affect the effect of analgesic treatment.

9.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 1192-1198, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911758

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer susceptibility gene (BRCA) is a tumor suppressor gene. The carriers of BRCA mutation have a significantly higher risk of breast, ovarian, pancreatic, prostate and rectal cancers than the general population. BRCA gene detection can effectively evaluate the risk of relevant malignant tumors. In this article, the recent research progress on the relationship between BRCA gene mutations and related cancers is summarized, and the roles of BRCA gene testing in the prevention and management of relevant malignant tumors are discussed.

10.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 654-657, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870690

ABSTRACT

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a type of mood disorder characterized by a significant and persistent group of depressive symptoms. Gut microbiota may play a critical role in the pathogenesis of MDD. It has been found that the gut microbiota composition of MDD patients is significantly different from that of healthy controls, and depression phenotype can be transferred to rodents by fecal microbiota transplantation. Nevertheless, the mechanism of gut microbiota dysbiosis contributing to depression is complicated, and it is currently accepted that the microbiota-gut-brain axis is a crucial part. A set of probiotics and prebiotics have been found to have antidepressant properties, and related microbial therapies are expected to become an important method for treating depression and other mental diseases in the future.

11.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 108-112, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870628

ABSTRACT

Objective:To survey the demands of tobacco control service among male smoking patients in primary health care settings in Shanghai.Methods:Eight community health service centers in Shanghai were selected through stratified cluster sampling method. A total of 1 458 male patients, who visited their doctors in community health centers in January 2017, completed the questionnaire and were eligible for our study. The contents of questionnaire included demographic information, smoking history, knowledge of tobacco smoking, attitudes toward tobacco control; and the questions regarding smoking cessation service were only for the smokers.Results:Of the 1 458 male patients, there were 679 current smokers (46.6%, 679/1 458), among whom 358 (52.7%, 358/679) intended to quit. The demand rate for the knowledge regarding tobacco and health, smoking cessation plan, overcoming barriers were 58.9% (211/358), 56.4% (202/358) and 53.1%(190/358), respectfully. The rate of demand for smoking cessation hotline was 38.5% (138/358). Those who were under 45 years of age, retirees, suffering from chronic disease (s), having knowledge of tobacco, having knowledge of smoking cessation pathway (s), smoking cessation recommendation from medical staff were more willing to accept tobacco control services.Conclusions:The demand for tobacco control services and utilization rate are relatively low among male smoking patients in primary health care settings in Shanghai. Based on the results acquired from the survey the appropriate measures should be taken.

12.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 108-112, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799316

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To survey the demands of tobacco control service among male smoking patients in primary health care settings in Shanghai.@*Methods@#Eight community health service centers in Shanghai were selected through stratified cluster sampling method. A total of 1 458 male patients, who visited their doctors in community health centers in January 2017, completed the questionnaire and were eligible for our study. The contents of questionnaire included demographic information, smoking history, knowledge of tobacco smoking, attitudes toward tobacco control; and the questions regarding smoking cessation service were only for the smokers.@*Results@#Of the 1 458 male patients, there were 679 current smokers (46.6%, 679/1 458), among whom 358 (52.7%, 358/679) intended to quit. The demand rate for the knowledge regarding tobacco and health, smoking cessation plan, overcoming barriers were 58.9% (211/358), 56.4% (202/358) and 53.1%(190/358), respectfully. The rate of demand for smoking cessation hotline was 38.5% (138/358). Those who were under 45 years of age, retirees, suffering from chronic disease (s), having knowledge of tobacco, having knowledge of smoking cessation pathway (s), smoking cessation recommendation from medical staff were more willing to accept tobacco control services.@*Conclusions@#The demand for tobacco control services and utilization rate are relatively low among male smoking patients in primary health care settings in Shanghai. Based on the results acquired from the survey the appropriate measures should be taken.

13.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 607-611, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807021

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To exmine the status and perspectives of e-health among patients in Shanghai community health center.@*Methods@#In November 2014, a semi-open and in-depth qualitative interview was conducted among 40 patients from two community health service centers in Shanghai. According to the results of the interview, a self-made questionnaire was designed and a cross-sectional survey was carried out from March 2015 to May 2015. Eight districts or counties of Shanghai were randomly selected, and one community health service center was randomly selected from each district or county. Total 480 patients who visited the selected center participated in the survey. The main contents of the interviews and questionnaires included: the current status of communication using information and communication technologies (ICT) in patient daily life; the status of the communication with medical personnel by using ICT; the attitudes and perspectives of patients in applying ICT for medical service; and views on e-health development.@*Results@#Among the participants, 25.0%(10/40) of the interviewees and 16.7%(62/371)of the quesitionnaire surveyees had experience of using e-health. Among the questionaired patients, telephone-call was the most common method for communication with doctors (90.3%, 335/371), followed by short message (16.1%, 60/371) and wechat (12.9%, 48/371). Illness consulting is the most common perpurse for communication(64.5%, 40/62), followed by medicine advice(40.3%, 25/62) and sudden physical help(24.2%, 15/62). Among the participants, 56.3%(209/371)of whom thought that e-health should be promoted in the community, 69.4% (145/209) of whom thought that it could save time and effort; among the patients not using or considering unnecessary to use e-health, 87.6% (142/162) of whom thought they lived closer to the hospital and easy to access.@*Conclusion@#At present, less patients have the experience of using e-health, but more than half of them believe that it is necessary to use e-health and it should be promoted in the community healthcare.

14.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 26-32, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666141

ABSTRACT

Objective To survey on the smoking status among people with disabilities in Shanghai Jing′an District.Methods A cross-sectional questionnaire survey on smoking status among people with disabilities was conducted from July to December 2015 in 5 communities of Shanghai Jing′an District. Results Total 1 815 valid questionnaires were collected.Among all participants,278 were smokers with an overall smoking rate of 15.3%(278/1 815); the smoking rate in males was 28.1%(265/944)and in females was 1.5%(13/871).The disables people aged 45 -60 years had the highest smoking rate (23.4%,141/602).The nicotine dependence rate in regular smokers accounted for 74.6%(182/244). The nicotine dependence was mainly mild to moderate, and the average of Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence(FTND)score was 3.75 ±1.97.Most participants(90.8%,238/262)were aware of the harm of smoking to health,but the awareness rate of health hazards of second-hand smoke was only 59.5%(156/262).The awareness rates of tobacco-related diseases were all lower than 70%.The rate of quitting was 33.5%(93/278),but only 17.2%(16/93)succeeded;66.0%(173/262)of the smokers did not intend to quit,only 15.3%(40/262)started to quit or to reduce the smoking;and 83.6%(219/262)of current smokers thought that it was impossible to quit smoking.Conclusion The smoking rate in people with disabilities is lower than that in the general population,the awareness of the harm of second-hand smoke is low and there is lack of knowledge of tobacco related diseases;the intend of quitting is low but the success rate of smoking cessation is high among people with disabilities in Shanghai Jing ′an District.

15.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 14-20, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666050

ABSTRACT

Objective To survey the attitude to sexually transmitted disease(STD)testing among physicians in community health service centers(CHC)of 20 cities in China.Methods A cross-sectional survey using stratified random sample was conducted in September to December 2015, among 1 734 physicians from 158 CHCs in 20 cities of 6 provinces and 2 municipalities.Results The average age of participants was(39.7 ±10.6)years, the time for present position was(15.8 ±11.5)years, and 47.0%(799/1 700)were general practitioners(GPs).The survey showed that in the last month,8.1%(138/1 699)of the physicians contacted with the specific population of STD(sex worker,MSM,drug user, etc), and 18.3%(313/1 706)of them managed STD patients or provided services to suspected STD patients;62.0%(1 048/1 689)of them received the STD-related training previously;46.5%(784/1 686) thought the lack of training in STD testing as the biggest barrier for carrying out STD testing in CHC.As for the specific populations, 73.4%(1 241/1 692)of physicians thought that it was meaningful, 62.0%(1 043/1 683)of them worried about"have difficulty to deal with their STD clinically", and only 5.8%(97/1 683)of them expressed their"dislike of specific population".Conclusions Most physicians in CHCs believe that STD testing should be included in the routine tests, and it is feasible to carry out STD testing in CHCs.Lack of training is the main barrier for STD testing, so it is necessary to conduct STD testing related trainings in CHCs.

16.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 905-909, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710893

ABSTRACT

Objective To survey the status of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) among disabled people in Shanghai Jing'an district and to investigate the influencing factors.Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in January to March 2016 among the disabled residents in Shanghai Jing'an district.The general information was collected with questionnaire;the GAD status was rated with the Chinese version of 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale;the influencing factors related to GAD was examined with Logistic regression analysis.Results Among 1 417 participants there were 713 males (50.3%) and 704 females (49.7%).The highest proportion of disability was disabled limb (n=742,52.4%).The grade 4 disability (mild) accounted for 45.9% (650/1 417),and the grade 1 and 2 disability (severe) accounted for 13.6% (190/1 417) and 15.2% (212/1 417),respectively.There were 347 participants positive for GAD screening (GAD≥5) with a positive rate of 24.5%:24.3% for males and 24.1% for females (x2=0.007,P=0.960).The rates of mild,moderate and severe GAD were 19.1%,3.5% and 1.1%,respectively.Multi-factor analysis showed that subjects with severe disability (vs.mild disability,/β=0.575,P=0.003),those unable activities of daily living (ADL) (vs.normal ADL,β=0.034,P=0.000)were nore likely to lead to GAD.There was a lower risk of GAD for people with high school or junior college education than those with bachelor degree or above (P<0.05).The frequency of GAD in the disables aged 18-40 years was lower (P<0.05).Conclusion The GAD positive rate of disabled people in Shanghai Jing'an district is relatively high.Severe disability,ADL disorder,educational level and age are the factors affecting the prevalence of GAD.

17.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 735-737, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710857

ABSTRACT

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is one of the most common anxiety disorders.However,the diagnosis of GAD is difficult,GAD has the lowest diagnostic reliability among anxiety disorders and is often neglected.This article reviews the application of the General Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) in population screening for GAD,focusing on its history of development and the scope of unilization.

18.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 846-850, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667409

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the weight of the evaluation index system for community teaching base of general practitioner ( GP ) standardized training .Methods The weight assignment of the evaluation index system for community teaching base of GP training was established by using analytic hierarchy process , based on the literature review and two rounds of Delphi consultation .Results The evaluation index system for community teaching base was composed of four first-class indexes , eight second-class indexes and 27 third-class indexes.Four first-class indexes were basic conditions (weight 0.1953), teaching conditions (weight 0.1381), teaching staff (weight 0.2761) and teaching practice (weight 0.3905).The top three second-class indexes were: teaching management (weight 0.1953), teaching assessment and evaluation (weight 0.1953), and teaching ability (weight 0.1841).All levels of index weights were satisfied with the consistency test , and the weights were acceptable .Conclusion Weight establishment improves the index selection system of community training base for GPs , having better rationality and operability , which may provide a rational assessment tool for community base of GP training in future.

19.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 786-790, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666443

ABSTRACT

Objective To survey the quality of life of disabled people in Shanghai Jing'an district and to analyze the influencing factors.Methods A face-to-face interview was conducted among 1 831 disabled people from 5 communities of Jing'an district between September 2015 and January 2016.The quality of life was evaluated with Modified Barthel Index (MBI),12-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12) and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ).Results There were 941 males and 870 females among 1 815 qualified participants.There were 433 cases of visual disability (23.86%),222 cases of hearing disability (12.23%),20 cases of language disability(1.10%),742 cases of limb disability (40.88%),169 cases of intelligent disability (9.31%),198 cases of mental disability (10.91%) and 31 cases (1.71%) of multiple disabilities.The SF-12 showed that the mean scores of both physical aspect and mental aspect were 50.0 ± 10.0.Multiple linear regression showed showed that the low self-care ability of daily life (β =0.24,P =0.00),depression (β =-9.65,P =0.00) and high serum lipids (β =-2.36,P =0.02) were associated with the quality of life.Conclusion The study indicates that the quality of life of the disabled people in Jing'an district is generally low,which is affected by various factors.

20.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 94-99, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505550

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop an index system for evaluation index system for community general practice teaching base.Methods A draft of evaluation index system for community general practice teaching base was preliminarily developed on the basis of literature research.Two rounds Delphi consultations with 32 experts of general practice were conducted between July 2014 and May 2015.The results of consultation were analyzed and the evaluation index system for community teaching base was established.Results In two rounds of Delphi consultation,the positive coefficients were both 100%,the authority coefficient of experts were 0.879 and 0.897,respectively,and the coordination coefficient were 0.165 and 0.204 (P <0.01).The established evaluation index system consisted of 4 first-class indexes,8 second-class indexes and 27 third-class indexes.Four first-class indexes were basic conditions,teaching conditions,teaching staff and teaching practice.Conclusion The established evaluation index system may be used to accredit community general practice teaching base and to improve the quality of general practitioner training.

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