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1.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 229-236, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999411

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The efficacy of the Mindful Self-Compassion (MSC) for Healthcare Communities program has not been verified. This study aims to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of the online MSC for Healthcare Communities program on burnout, stress-related health, and resilience among surgical trainees. @*Methods@#A single-arm pilot study was conducted at a tertiary referral academic hospital in Korea. Surgical trainees were recruited through flyer postings; therefore, a volunteer sample was used. Thus, 15 participants participated, among whom 9 were women and 11 were doctor-residents. The Self-Compassion for Healthcare Communities (SCHC) program was conducted from September to October 2021 via weekly online meetings (1 hour) for 6 weeks. The efficacy of the program was evaluated using validated scales for burnout, stress, anxiety, depression, self-compassion, and resilience before and after the intervention and 1 month later. @*Results@#The results showed significantly reduced burnout, anxiety, and stress scores. After the program, high emotional exhaustion and depersonalization rates decreased, and personal accomplishment increased. Eight participants showed reduced anxiety postintervention, and 9 showed reduced stress. Improvements were observed between pre- and postintervention in resilience, life satisfaction, and common humanity. Changes in self-compassion predicted higher gains in resilience and greater reductions in burnout and stress. @*Conclusion@#The SCHC is a feasible and effective program to improve resilience, self-compassion, and life satisfaction and reduce stress, anxiety, depression, and burnout in surgical trainees. This study highlights the need to include specific mental health programs in surgical training to improve trainees’ well-being.

2.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 179-188, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966492

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Universal screening for Lynch syndrome (LS) refers to routine tumor testing for microsatellite instability (MSI) among all patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Despite its widespread adoption, real-world data on the yield is lacking in Korean population. We studied the yield of adopting universal screening for LS in comparison with pedigree-based screening in a tertiary center. @*Materials and Methods@#CRC patients from 2007-2018 were reviewed. Family histories were obtained and were evaluated for hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) using Amsterdam II criteria. Tumor testing for MSI began in 2007 and genetic testing was offered using all available clinicopathologic data. Yield of genetic testing for LS was compared for each approach and step. @*Results@#Of the 5,520 patients, tumor testing was performed in 4,701 patients (85.2%) and family histories were obtained from 4,241 patients (76.8%). Hereditary CRC (LS or HNPCC) was present in 69 patients (1.3%). MSI-high was present in 6.9%, and 25 patients had confirmed LS. Genetic testing was performed in 41.2% (47/114) of MSI-high patients, out of which 40.4% (19/47) were diagnosed with LS. There were six additional LS patients found outside of tumor testing. For pedigree-based screening, Amsterdam II criteria diagnosed 55 patients with HNPCC. Fifteen of these patients underwent genetic testing, and 11 (73.3%) were diagnosed with LS. Two patients without prior family history were diagnosed with LS and relied solely on tumor testing results. @*Conclusion@#Despite widespread adoption of routine tumor testing for MSI, this is not a fail-safe approach to screen all LS patients. Obtaining a thorough family history in combination with universal screening provides a more comprehensive ‘universal’ screening method for LS.

3.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 32-39, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937188

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#It is important to discover predictive factors that can identify rectal cancer patients who will respond well to neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) to develop management strategies, preserve sphincter and avoid overtreatment. This study explored clinical factors that would predict the adequacy of nonradical management after CCRT in patients with middle or low rectal cancer. @*Methods@#We retrospectively evaluated 447 patients with middle or low rectal cancer who were treated with curative surgery after neoadjuvant CCRT between January 2010 and December 2019. The good response group comprised patients with stages ypT0–1N0 on resection after CCRT; the remaining patients were included in the poor response group. @*Results@#Of 447 patients (mean age, 60.37 ± 11.85 years), 108 (24.2%) had ypT0–1N0 (71.3% with ypT0N0, 4.6% with ypTisN0, and 24.1% with ypT1N0). Overall, 19 patients with cT1–2 (50.0% vs. 21.8% with cT3–4, P < 0.001), 22 with well-differentiated tumors (51.2% vs. 21.3% with moderately/poorly differentiated tumors, P < 0.001), 16 with fungating tumors (47.1% vs.22.3% with other types, P = 0.001), and 66 with anterior/posterior circumference direction (28.9% vs. 19.2% with lateral/ encircling direction, P = 0.016) had stage ypT0–1N0. On multivariable analysis, cT1–2 (P = 0.021) and well-differentiated tumor (P = 0.001) were independent predictors of ypT0–1N0. Fungating tumors were not significantly associated with ypT0– 1N0 (P = 0.054). @*Conclusion@#Stage cT1–2 and well differentiation are predictors of ypT0–1N0, while fungating tumors could be considered clinically meaningful, possibly identifying candidates for nonradical treatment post-CCRT.

4.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 271-280, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925520

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy for stage II colon cancer has not been clearly demonstrated even in cases with high-risk factors. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of oral fluoropyrimidine monotherapy as adjuvant chemotherapy with that of intravenous fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy for high-risk stage II colon cancer. @*Methods@#This single-institution, retrospective study included patients who underwent curative resection for high-risk stage II colon cancer between 2003 and 2014. Patients were classified into 3 postoperative treatment groups: observation, oral fluoropyrimidine monotherapy group (OG), or intravenous fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy group (IVG). @*Results@#We identified 356 patients, including 87 (24.4%) in the observation group, 172 (48.3%) in the OG, and 97 (27.2%) in the IVG. Patients in the OG were older (63.8 ± 10.7 vs. 56.5 ± 10.8, P < 0.001) and had a lower number of T4 lesions (12.8% vs. 35.1%, P < 0.001) than those in the IVG. Regarding survival outcomes, the 5-year overall and disease-free survival rates were not different between the OG and IVG (91.2% vs. 92.6% [P = 0.090] and 85.1% vs. 81.9% [P = 0.535], respectively). In multivariate analysis, age over 70 years and no adjuvant chemotherapy were associated with poor overall survival and disease-free survival. Fewer chemotherapy-related adverse events of grade ≥3 were observed in the OG than in the IVG (12.2% vs. 34.0%, P < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#In high-risk stage II colon cancer, adjuvant oral fluoropyrimidine monotherapy can be an effective and convenient alternative to intravenous fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy as it has comparable oncological outcomes and reduced chemotherapy-related complications.

5.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 166-175, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925418

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Local excision (LE) is an alternative initial treatment for clinical T1 rectal cancer, and has avoided potential morbidity. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of LE compared with total mesorectal excision (TME) for clinical T1 rectal cancer. @*Methods@#Between January 2000 and December 2011, we retrospectively reviewed from multicenter data in patients with clinically suspected T1 rectal cancer treated with either LE or TME. Of 1,071 patients, 106 were treated with LE and 965 were treated with TME. The data were analyzed using propensity score matching, with each group comprising 91 patients. @*Results@#After propensity score matching, the median follow-up time was 60.8 months (range, 0.6–150.6 months). After adjustment for the necessary variables, patients who underwent LE showed a significantly higher local recurrence rate than did those who underwent TME; however, there were no differences in disease-free survival and overall survival. In the multivariate analysis, age (hazard ratio [HR], 9.620; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.415–27.098; P<0.001) and angiolymphatic invasion (HR, 3.63; 95% confidence interval, 1.33–9.89; P=0.012) were independently associated with overall survival. However, LE was neither associated with overall survival nor disease-free survival. @*Conclusion@#LE for clinical T1 rectal cancer yielded a higher local recurrence rate than did TME. Nevertheless, LE provided comparable overall survival rate and can be proposed as an optional treatment in terms of organ-preserving strategies.

6.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 254-261, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968684

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Anorectal functions are influenced by gender and age. This study sought to define the normal anorectal pressure values measured with conventional anorectal manometry (ARM) and to evaluate the effects of age and gender on anorectal function in asymptomatic subjects. @*Methods@#Conventional ARM was used to measure the anorectal pressures of 164 asymptomatic healthy subjects, including 86 males and 76 females. @*Results@#The resting anal pressures of males and females aged >60 years were significantly lower than those ≤60 years (males, 44.09±14.22 vs. 57.45±17.69, p<0.001; females, 44.09±14.22 vs. 57.45±17.69, p<0.001). The anal high-pressure zone was significantly lower in older males than in younger males (2.42±0.93 vs. 2.82±0.739, p=0.048). In both age groups (<60 and ≥60 years), the anal squeezing pressures of males were significantly higher than those of females (<60 years old, 168.40±75.94 vs. 119.15±57.53, p=0.001; ≥60 years, 149.61±64.68 vs. 101.3±54.92, p=0.006). @*Conclusions@#The normal anorectal pressure values measured with ARM in males and females were different. Older males and females had lower anal resting pressures than those of the younger subjects, but squeezing pressure was not affected by age.

7.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 206-213, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913522

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Postoperative pain and delayed wound healing are the main complications following anal surgery associated with poor quality of life. Hyaluronic acid (HA) supports tissue regeneration and rapid wound healing by promoting cell proliferation and migration. We investigated the effects of HA on perianal wound healing in a rat model. @*Methods@#Forty-eight 8-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats with perianal wounds created by biopsy punch were divided into 3 groups: simple dressing with gauze (control), dressing with topical HA film, and dressing with topical HA gel. HA agents were not reapplied postoperatively. Wound healing was evaluated by measuring the healed area, and histological analyses were randomly performed using hematoxylin and eosin and Masson trichrome staining. @*Results@#Fewer mean days were required for complete wound healing in the HA film and HA gel groups than in the control group (11.6 vs. 11.9 vs. 13.8 days, respectively; P = 0.010). The healed area in the HA film group on day 11 was larger than that in the HA gel and control groups (80.2% vs. 61.9% vs. 53.2%, respectively; P < 0.001). Histologically, the HA film group showed accelerated reepithelialization, a rapid transition to lymphocyte-predominant inflammation, and increased fibroblastic proliferation and collagen deposition compared to the other groups. There was no treatment-related toxicity in the HA application groups. @*Conclusion@#Topical application of HA film to perianal wounds improves the wound healing rate in a rat model. This finding suggests a potential benefit of HA film application in promoting wound healing after anal surgery in humans.

8.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 13-19, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897000

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Long-term oncologic differences in outcome between groups of patients with Lynch syndrome (LS) colorectal cancer (CRC) and sporadic CRC with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) are the focus of investigation in the current study. @*Methods@#Patients registered in the Korean Hereditary Tumor Registry and 2 tertiary referral hospitals treated for stage I– III CRC between 2005 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Detection for both groups was performed using pedigree, microsatellite instability, and mismatch repair (MMR) gene testing. Multivariate analyses for overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were conducted. @*Results@#Cases of LS (n = 77) and sporadic CRC with MSI-H (n = 96) were identified. LS CRC patients were younger in age and displayed tumor sidedness, typically involving left-sided colon and rectum, compared to patients with sporadic CRC with MSI-H. OS and DFS were lower for LS CRC relative to CRC with MSI-H (OS, 72.7% vs. 93.8%, P = 0.001; DFS, 71.4% vs. 88.5%, P = 0.001). In multivariate analyses, tumor sidedness, stage, and chemotherapy were independent factors for OS and DFS. LS CRC was a prognostic factor for poorer OS (hazard ratio, 2.740; 95% confidence interval, 1.003–7.487; P = 0.049), but not DFS. @*Conclusion@#Our findings indicate that LS CRC is associated with poorer outcomes compared to sporadic CRC with MSI-H, presenting distinct clinical features. In view of the current lack of knowledge on genetic and molecular mechanisms, appropriate management taking into consideration the difficulty of identification of CRC with hypermutable tumors harboring heterogeneity is essential.

9.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 93-101, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896990

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study was performed to compare the oncologic outcomes between nonradical management and total mesorectal excision in good responders after chemoradiotherapy. @*Methods@#We analyzed 75 patients, who underwent 14 watch-and-wait, 30 local excision, and 31 total mesorectal excision, in ycT0–1N0M0 based on magnetic resonance imaging after chemoradiotherapy for advanced mid-to-low rectal cancer in 3 referral hospitals. The nonradical management group underwent surveillance with additional sigmoidoscopy and rectal magnetic resonance imaging every 3–6 months within the first 2 years. @*Results@#Nonradical management group had more low-lying tumors (P < 0.001) and less lymph node metastasis based on magnetic resonance imaging (P = 0.004). However, cT stage, ycT, and ycN stage were not different between the 2 groups. With a median follow-up period of 64.7 months, the 5-year locoregional failure rate was higher in the nonradical management group than in the total mesorectal excision group (16.7% vs. 0%, P = 0.013). However, the 5-year overall survival and disease-free survival rates of the nonradical management and total mesorectal excision groups were not different (95.2% vs. 93.5%, P = 0.467; 76.4% vs. 83.6%, P = 0.665; respectively). @*Conclusion@#This study shows that nonradical management for ycT0–1N0 mid-to-low rectal cancer may be an alternative treatment to total mesorectal excision under proper surveillance and management for oncologic events.

10.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 239-243, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896743

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate the safety and feasibility of single-port laparoscopic surgery (SLS) for appendiceal mucinous neoplasm (AMN) when compared with conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS). @*Methods@#This retrospective study enrolled patients who underwent surgery for AMN between July 2014 and June 2020 at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital. Patient demographics, surgical data, pathology, hospital stay, postoperative morbidity, and follow-up data were extracted from electronic records for analysis. @*Results@#We enrolled 18 patients who underwent SLS and 22 who underwent CLS. The SLS group included patients who underwent partial cecectomy (14 patients), ileocecectomy (3 patients), and right hemicolectomy (1 patient). The CLS group included patients who underwent appendectomy (4 patients), partial cecectomy (11 patients), ileocecectomy (5 patients), and right hemicolectomy (2 patients). Operation type was not significantly different between groups (P = 0.213). No patient required open surgery in the SLS group in contrast to the CLS group (13.6%; P = 0.238). The operative time tended to be shorter in the SLS group than the CLS group (median [interquartile range]: 52.5 minutes [40–65.2 minutes] and 60 minutes [40–120 minutes], respectively; P = 0.251). Morbidity was 5.5% in the SLS group and 9.0% in the CLS group (P = 0.692). Surgical margins were clear in all cases. The median duration of postoperative hospital stay was 2.0 and 4.0 days in the SLS and CLS groups, respectively (P = 0.013). No recurrence occurred in either group during follow-up. @*Conclusion@#This study indicates that SLS is a safe and feasible surgical approach for AMN.

11.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 13-19, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889296

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Long-term oncologic differences in outcome between groups of patients with Lynch syndrome (LS) colorectal cancer (CRC) and sporadic CRC with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) are the focus of investigation in the current study. @*Methods@#Patients registered in the Korean Hereditary Tumor Registry and 2 tertiary referral hospitals treated for stage I– III CRC between 2005 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Detection for both groups was performed using pedigree, microsatellite instability, and mismatch repair (MMR) gene testing. Multivariate analyses for overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were conducted. @*Results@#Cases of LS (n = 77) and sporadic CRC with MSI-H (n = 96) were identified. LS CRC patients were younger in age and displayed tumor sidedness, typically involving left-sided colon and rectum, compared to patients with sporadic CRC with MSI-H. OS and DFS were lower for LS CRC relative to CRC with MSI-H (OS, 72.7% vs. 93.8%, P = 0.001; DFS, 71.4% vs. 88.5%, P = 0.001). In multivariate analyses, tumor sidedness, stage, and chemotherapy were independent factors for OS and DFS. LS CRC was a prognostic factor for poorer OS (hazard ratio, 2.740; 95% confidence interval, 1.003–7.487; P = 0.049), but not DFS. @*Conclusion@#Our findings indicate that LS CRC is associated with poorer outcomes compared to sporadic CRC with MSI-H, presenting distinct clinical features. In view of the current lack of knowledge on genetic and molecular mechanisms, appropriate management taking into consideration the difficulty of identification of CRC with hypermutable tumors harboring heterogeneity is essential.

12.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 93-101, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889286

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study was performed to compare the oncologic outcomes between nonradical management and total mesorectal excision in good responders after chemoradiotherapy. @*Methods@#We analyzed 75 patients, who underwent 14 watch-and-wait, 30 local excision, and 31 total mesorectal excision, in ycT0–1N0M0 based on magnetic resonance imaging after chemoradiotherapy for advanced mid-to-low rectal cancer in 3 referral hospitals. The nonradical management group underwent surveillance with additional sigmoidoscopy and rectal magnetic resonance imaging every 3–6 months within the first 2 years. @*Results@#Nonradical management group had more low-lying tumors (P < 0.001) and less lymph node metastasis based on magnetic resonance imaging (P = 0.004). However, cT stage, ycT, and ycN stage were not different between the 2 groups. With a median follow-up period of 64.7 months, the 5-year locoregional failure rate was higher in the nonradical management group than in the total mesorectal excision group (16.7% vs. 0%, P = 0.013). However, the 5-year overall survival and disease-free survival rates of the nonradical management and total mesorectal excision groups were not different (95.2% vs. 93.5%, P = 0.467; 76.4% vs. 83.6%, P = 0.665; respectively). @*Conclusion@#This study shows that nonradical management for ycT0–1N0 mid-to-low rectal cancer may be an alternative treatment to total mesorectal excision under proper surveillance and management for oncologic events.

13.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 239-243, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889039

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate the safety and feasibility of single-port laparoscopic surgery (SLS) for appendiceal mucinous neoplasm (AMN) when compared with conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS). @*Methods@#This retrospective study enrolled patients who underwent surgery for AMN between July 2014 and June 2020 at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital. Patient demographics, surgical data, pathology, hospital stay, postoperative morbidity, and follow-up data were extracted from electronic records for analysis. @*Results@#We enrolled 18 patients who underwent SLS and 22 who underwent CLS. The SLS group included patients who underwent partial cecectomy (14 patients), ileocecectomy (3 patients), and right hemicolectomy (1 patient). The CLS group included patients who underwent appendectomy (4 patients), partial cecectomy (11 patients), ileocecectomy (5 patients), and right hemicolectomy (2 patients). Operation type was not significantly different between groups (P = 0.213). No patient required open surgery in the SLS group in contrast to the CLS group (13.6%; P = 0.238). The operative time tended to be shorter in the SLS group than the CLS group (median [interquartile range]: 52.5 minutes [40–65.2 minutes] and 60 minutes [40–120 minutes], respectively; P = 0.251). Morbidity was 5.5% in the SLS group and 9.0% in the CLS group (P = 0.692). Surgical margins were clear in all cases. The median duration of postoperative hospital stay was 2.0 and 4.0 days in the SLS and CLS groups, respectively (P = 0.013). No recurrence occurred in either group during follow-up. @*Conclusion@#This study indicates that SLS is a safe and feasible surgical approach for AMN.

14.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 634-644, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917045

ABSTRACT

Background@#A laparoscopic approach is widely used in abdominal surgery. Although several studies have compared surgical and oncological outcomes between laparoscopic surgery (LS) and open surgery (OS) in rectal cancer patients, there have been few studies on postoperative renal outcomes. @*Methods@#We conducted a retrospective cohort study involving 1,633 patients who underwent rectal cancer surgery between 2003 and 2017. Postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) was diagnosed according to the serum creatinine criteria of the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes classification. @*Results@#Among the 1,633 patients, 1,072 (65.6%) underwent LS. After matching propensity scores, 395 patients were included in each group. The incidence of postoperative AKI in the LS group was significantly lower than in the OS group (9.9% vs. 15.9%; p = 0.01). Operation time, estimated blood loss, and incidence of transfusion in the LS group were significantly lower than those in the OS group. Cox proportional hazard models revealed that LS was associated with decreased risk of postoperative AKI (hazard ratio [HR], 0.599; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.402–0.893; p = 0.01) and postoperative transfusion was associated with increased risk of AKI (HR, 2.495; 95% CI, 1.529–4.072; p < 0.001). In the subgroup analysis, the incidence of postoperative AKI in patients with middle or high rectal cancer who underwent LS was much lower than in those who underwent OS (HR, 0.373; 95% CI, 0.197–0.705; p = 0.002). @*Conclusion@#This study showed that LS may have a favorable effect on the development of postoperative AKI in patients with rectal cancer.

15.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 17-21, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830389

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Single-port laparoscopic techniques can be optimized with confined incisions. This approach has an intraoperative advantage of excellent visualization of the correct intestinal segment for exteriorization, along with direct visual control of the extraction to avoid twisting. However, only a few studies have verified the efficacy of the technique. Thus, this study assessed the results of single-port laparoscopic stoma creation for fecal diversion, specifically focusing on feasibility, safety, and efficacy. @*Methods@#Patients who underwent single-incision enterostomy performed by a single surgeon were included. Data on demographics, indications for and chosen procedure, and operation results were retrospectively collected and analyzed. @*Results@#Between April 2015 and January 2018, a total of 13 patients (8 males, 5 females) with a mean age of 57.7 years (range, 41–83 years) underwent single-port ileostomy creation. The most common reason for diversion was palliative ileostomy for colon obstruction or fistula from peritoneal malignancy (n = 12), followed by colonic fistula with necrotizing pancreatitis (n = 1). There were no cases of conversion to open or multiport laparoscopic surgery. The mean operative time was 54 minutes (range, 37–118 minutes), and the median length of hospital stay was 8 days (range, 2–211 days). A postoperative complication, aspiration pneumonia, was documented in 1 patient and treated conservatively. The mean duration of bowel movement was 0.7 days (range, 0–4 days). All stomas had good function, and there was no 30-day mortality. @*Conclusion@#Single-port laparoscopic ileostomy in patients with a palliative setting could be a safe and feasible option for fecal diversion.

16.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 403-408, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896726

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate real-world clinical outcomes from surgically treated patients for sigmoid volvulus. @*Methods@#Five tertiary centers participated in this retrospective study with data collected from October 2003 through September 2018, including demographic information, preoperative clinical data, and information on laparoscopic/open and elective/emergency procedures. Outcome measurements included operation time, postoperative hospitalization, and postoperative morbidity. @*Results@#Among 74 patients, sigmoidectomy was the most common procedure (n = 46), followed by Hartmann’s procedure (n = 23), and subtotal colectomy (n = 5). Emergency surgery was performed in 35 cases (47.3%). Of the 35 emergency patients, 34 cases (97.1%) underwent open surgery, and a stoma was established for 26 patients (74.3%). Elective surgery was performed in 39 cases (52.7%), including 21 open procedures (53.8%), and 18 laparoscopic surgeries (46.2%). Median laparoscopic operation time was 180 minutes, while median open surgery time was 130 minutes (P < 0.001). Median postoperative hospitalization was 11 days for laparoscopy and 12 days for open surgery. There were 20 postoperative complications (27.0%), and all were resolved with conservative management. Emergency surgery cases had a higher complication rate than elective surgery cases (40.0% vs. 15.4%, P = 0.034). @*Conclusion@#Relative to elective surgery, emergency surgery had a higher rate of postoperative complications, open surgery, and stoma formation. As such, elective laparoscopic surgery after successful sigmoidoscopic decompression may be the optimal clinical option.

17.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 403-408, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889022

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate real-world clinical outcomes from surgically treated patients for sigmoid volvulus. @*Methods@#Five tertiary centers participated in this retrospective study with data collected from October 2003 through September 2018, including demographic information, preoperative clinical data, and information on laparoscopic/open and elective/emergency procedures. Outcome measurements included operation time, postoperative hospitalization, and postoperative morbidity. @*Results@#Among 74 patients, sigmoidectomy was the most common procedure (n = 46), followed by Hartmann’s procedure (n = 23), and subtotal colectomy (n = 5). Emergency surgery was performed in 35 cases (47.3%). Of the 35 emergency patients, 34 cases (97.1%) underwent open surgery, and a stoma was established for 26 patients (74.3%). Elective surgery was performed in 39 cases (52.7%), including 21 open procedures (53.8%), and 18 laparoscopic surgeries (46.2%). Median laparoscopic operation time was 180 minutes, while median open surgery time was 130 minutes (P < 0.001). Median postoperative hospitalization was 11 days for laparoscopy and 12 days for open surgery. There were 20 postoperative complications (27.0%), and all were resolved with conservative management. Emergency surgery cases had a higher complication rate than elective surgery cases (40.0% vs. 15.4%, P = 0.034). @*Conclusion@#Relative to elective surgery, emergency surgery had a higher rate of postoperative complications, open surgery, and stoma formation. As such, elective laparoscopic surgery after successful sigmoidoscopic decompression may be the optimal clinical option.

18.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 290-295, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762674

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Surgery is the primary curative treatment for colorectal cancer; however, it remains a frightening procedure that can cause stress and pain in affected patients. Therefore, patients typically experience significant anxiety during the preoperative period, which has been associated with poorer outcome after surgery. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of an Internet-based informational video on preoperative anxiety level in patients with colorectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety , Cognition Disorders , Colorectal Neoplasms , Depression , Internet , Observational Study , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Postoperative Complications , Preoperative Period , Prospective Studies , Social Media
19.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 209-215, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739592

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate superiority of a night float (NF) system in comparison to a traditional night on-call (NO) system for surgical residents at a single institution in terms of efficacy, safety, and satisfaction. METHODS: A NF system was implemented from March to September 2017 and big data analysis from electronic medical records was performed for all patients admitted for surgery or contacted from the emergency room (ER). Parameters including vital signs, mortality, and morbidity rates, as well as promptness of response to ER calls, were compared against a comparable period (March to September 2016) during which a NO system was in effect. A survey was also performed for physicians and nurses who had experienced both systems. RESULTS: A total of 150,000 clinical data were analyzed. Under the NO and NF systems, a total of 3,900 and 3,726 patients were admitted for surgery. Mortality rates were similar but postoperative bleeding was significantly higher in the NO system (0.5% vs. 0.2%, P = 0.031). From the 1,462 and 1,354 patients under the NO and NF systems respectively, that required surgical consultation from the ER, the time to response was significantly shorter in the NF system (54.5 ± 70.7 minutes vs. 66.8 ± 83.8 minutes, P < 0.001). Both physicians (90.4%) and nurses (91.4%) agreed that the NF system was more beneficial. CONCLUSION: This is the first report of a NF system using big data analysis in Korea, and potential benefits of this new system were observed in both ward and ER patient management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Electronic Health Records , Emergency Service, Hospital , Hemorrhage , Internship and Residency , Korea , Medical Staff , Mortality , Statistics as Topic , Vital Signs
20.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 86-94, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739565

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the oncologic impact of obesity, as determined by body mass index (BMI), in patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer. METHODS: The records of 483 patients with stage I–III rectal cancer who underwent laparoscopic surgery between June 2003 and December 2011 were reviewed. A matching model based on BMI was constructed to balance obese and nonobese patients. Cox hazard regression models for overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were used for multivariate analyses. Additional analysis using visceral fat area (VFA) measurement was performed for matched patients. The threshold for obesity was BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 or VFA ≥ 130 cm2. RESULTS: The score matching model yielded 119 patients with a BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 (the obese group) and 119 patients with a BMI < 25 kg/m2 (the nonobese group). Surgical outcomes including operation time, estimated blood loss, nil per os periods, and length of hospital stay did not differ between the obese and the nonobese group. The retrieved lymph node numbers and pathologic CRM positive rate were also similar in between the 2 groups. After a median follow-up of 48 months (range, 3–126 months), OS and DFS rates were similar between the 2 groups. A tumor location-adjusted model for overall surgical complications showed that a BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 were not risk factors. Multivariable analyses for OS and DFS showed no significant association with a BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2. CONCLUSION: Obesity was not associated with long-term oncologic outcomes in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer in the Asian population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asian People , Body Mass Index , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Intra-Abdominal Fat , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Obesity , Rectal Neoplasms , Risk Factors
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