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1.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 166-173, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001968

ABSTRACT

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) lupus nephritis activity and chronicity indices, which comprise six activity scores and four chronicity scores, have a long development history. The 2018 revised International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathology Society classification for lupus nephritis adopted the most recent NIH indices to replace subclasses A, C, and A/C. Although an evidence-based approach should further evaluate the clinical significance of the modified NIH indices, recent validation studies demonstrated that the modified chronicity indices have a strong correlation with kidney outcome of lupus nephritis.

2.
Nutrition Research and Practice ; : 73-90, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968429

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES@#Meat eaters face conflicts over meat consumption due to recent increasing demands for reduced-meat diets to promote human and environmental health.Attitudes toward consuming meat have been shown to be culture-specific. Thus, this study was performed to examine cultural differences in attitudes, beliefs, and patterns of meat consumption among meat eaters in a group homogeneous in terms of age and sex but with diverse ethnicities. @*SUBJECTS/METHODS@#In this cross-sectional study conducted in New York City in 2014, 520 female meat eaters (Whites = 25%; Blacks = 20%; East Asians = 35%; Hispanics = 20%) aged 20–29 completed a questionnaire consisting of a series of questions on meat consumption behaviors, which addressed amounts of consumption, cooking methods, past and future changes in meat consumption, and attitudes and beliefs regarding relationships between health and meat consumption. Logistic and multiple regression analyses were used to assess the effects of variables on meat consumption. @*RESULTS@#Blacks had the highest annual total meat consumption (64.2 kg), followed by East Asians (53.6 kg), Whites (46.9 kg), and Hispanics (35.8 kg). Blacks ate significantly more chicken than the other ethnic groups (P < 0.001), and East Asians ate significantly more pork and processed meat (P < 0.001). Regardless of ethnicity, grilling/roasting/broiling were the preferred cooking methods, and vegetables were most consumed as a side dish. More than half of the participants expressed an intention to decrease future meat consumption. East Asians more strongly perceived meat as a festive food (P < 0.001) and were less guilty about the slaughtering animals (P = 0.11) than other groups. No differences were found between the ethnic groups regarding negative attitudes to meat consumption. @*CONCLUSIONS@#The results show that ethnicities differ in terms of attitudes, beliefs, and patterns of meat consumption. Irrespective of ethnicity, the meat-eating participants almost unanimously demonstrated a willingness to reduce future meat consumption. It is hoped these findings aid the formulation of culturally-tailored interventions that effectively reduce meat consumption.

3.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 4-13, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915899

ABSTRACT

Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic pain condition characterized by widespread pain accompanied by symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbance, cognitive dysfunction, and mood disorder. The pathophysiology of FM has been unclear, leading to inconsistent diagnosis and ineffective management. Several diagnostic criteria for FM have been proposed in recent years, including the revised 2016 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria, the criteria of the ACTTION-American Pain Society Pain Taxonomy (AAPT) group, and the modified 2019 Fibromyalgia Assessment Status (FAS) criteria. Despite the appearance of newer criteria for FM diagnosis, the 2016 ACR criteria demonstrate the best performance. Many randomized controlled studies and systematic reviews have shown the therapeutic efficacies of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments of FM. Nevertheless, further research is needed to develop better treatment options.

4.
Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care ; : 85-97, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926660

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to describe nurses’ perceived needs and barriers to pediatric palliative care (PPC). @*Methods@#Mixed methods with an embedded design were applied. An online survey was conducted for nurses who participated in the End-of-Life Nursing Education Consortium- Pediatric Palliative Care (ELNEC-PPC) train-the-trainer program, of whom 63 responded. Quantitative data were collected with a survey questionnaire developed through the Delphi method. The 47 items for needs and 15 items for barriers to PPC were analyzed with descriptive statistics. Qualitative data were collected through openended questions and analyzed with topic modeling techniques. @*Results@#The mean scores of most subdomains of the PPC needs were 3.5 or higher out of 4, and those of PPC barriers ranged from 3.22 to 3.56, indicating the items in the questionnaire developed in this study properly reflect each factor. The needs for PPC were divided into 4 categories: “children and adolescents,” “families,” “PPC management system,” and “community-based PPC.” Meanwhile, PPC barriers were divided into 3 categories: “healthcare delivery system,” “healthcare provider,” and “client.” The keywords derived from the topic modeling were perception, palliative, children, and education for necessities and lack, perception, medical care, professional care providers, service, and system for barriers to PPC. @*Conclusion@#In this study, by using mixed-methods, items of nurses’ perceived needs and barriers to PPC were identified, categorized, and weighted, and their meanings were explored. For the stable establishment of PPC, the priority should be given to improving perceptions of PPC, establishing an appropriate system, and training professional care providers.

5.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 310-317, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874185

ABSTRACT

Background@#Recent studies have successfully implemented next-generation sequencing (NGS) in HLA typing. We performed HLA NGS in a Korean population to estimate HLA-A, -B, -C, and -DRB1 allele and haplotype frequencies up to an 8-digit resolution, which might be useful for an extended application of HLA results. @*Methods@#A total of 128 samples collected from healthy unrelated Korean adults, previously subjected to Sanger sequencing for 6-digit HLA analysis, were used. NGS was performed for HLA-A, -B, -C, and -DRB1 using the AllType NGS kit (One Lambda, West Hills, CA, USA), Ion Torrent S5 platform (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Waltham, MA, USA), and Type Steam Visual NGS analysis software (One Lambda). @*Results@#Eight HLA alleles showed frequencies of ≥ 10% in the Korean population, namely, A*24:02:01:01 (19.5%), A*33:03:01 (15.6%), A*02:01:01:01 (14.5%), A*11:01:01:01 (13.3%), B*15:01:01:01 (10.2%), C*01:02:01 (19.9%), C*03:04:01:02 (11.3%), and DRB1*09:01:02 (10.2%). Nine previous 6-digit HLA alleles were further identified as two or more 8-digit HLA alleles. Of these, eight alleles (A*24:02:01, B*35:01:01, B*40:01:02, B*55:02:01, B*58:01:01, C*03:02:02, C*07:02:01, and DRB1*07:01:01) were identified as two 8-digit HLA alleles, and one allele (B*51:01:01) was identified as three 8-digit HLA alleles. The most frequent four-loci haplotype was HLA-A*33:03:01-B*44:03:01:01-C*14:03-DRB1*13:02:01. @*Conclusions@#We identified 8-digit HLA-A, -B, -C, and -DRB1 allele and haplotype frequencies in a healthy Korean population using NGS. These new data can be used as a representative Korean data for further disease-related HLA type analysis.

6.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 697-704, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832260

ABSTRACT

Chronic alcohol consumption induces the development of alcoholic steatosis in the liver, which is one of the most widespread liver diseases worldwide. During general alcohol metabolism, hepatocytes generate mitochondria- and cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1)-mediated reactive oxygen species (ROS) whose accumulation elicits activation of the hepatic anti-oxidant system, including glutathione (GSH). However, chronic alcohol consumption decreases GSH generation through cysteine deficiency by suppressing the methionine cycle and trans-sulfuration system, whereas it turns on an alternative defense pathway, such as the xCT transporter, to compensate for GSH shortage. The xCT transporter mediates the uptake of cystine coupled to the efflux of glutamate, leading to an increase in blood glutamate. In response to the elevated glutamate in the liver, the expression of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) is up-regulated in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) along with enhanced production of 2-arachidonoylglycerol, which in turn stimulates cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1R) on neighboring hepatocytes to increase de novo lipogenesis. On the other hand, blockade of mGluR5 and CB1R attenuates alcoholic steatosis. Interestingly, although the increased expression of CYP2E1-mediated xCT and ROS generation are mainly observed at the perivenous area (zone 3), fat accumulation is mostly detected at hepatic zone 2. To resolve this discrepancy, this review summarizes recent advances on glutamate/mGluR5-derived alcoholic steatosis and zone-dependently different responses to alcohol intake. In addition, the bidirectional loop pathway and its unique metabolic synapse between hepatocytes and HSCs are discussed.

7.
Childhood Kidney Diseases ; : 36-41, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831200

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is among etiologies of secondarymembranousnephropathy (MN) in pediatric patients. We evaluated expressionof phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R), a specific target antigen of primary MN, inpediatric HBV-related MN. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed patients with biopsy-proven HBV-relatedMN from the renal biopsy registry and electronic medical records of SeveranceHospital, Seoul, Korea, from 1993 to 2004. Paraffin-embedded human kidneytissues were retrieved and immunohistochemically stained for PLA2R. @*Results@#Ten pediatric patients with 13 biopsied specimens were reviewed. Thepredominant pathological stage was stage II–III, and second was stage II. Theintensity of staining for IgG was greatest, with less intense staining for IgM, IgA,C3, C4, and C1q. All the patients had angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitorcombined with glucocorticoid, and four patients converted to cyclosporine treatmentfrom glucocorticoid monotherapy. Urinalysis of all the patients normalizedafter variable period. PLA2R staining was demonstrated in the outer glomerulus in3 out of 13 biopsies, 2 of which were obtained from the same patient over a 5-yearinterval. @*Conclusions@#PLA2R was expressed in a small number of cases diagnosed aspediatricHBV-related MN, indicating that some HBV-related MN cases may beprimary MN concurrent with HBV infection.

8.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 375-380, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920056

ABSTRACT

Mucormycosis is one of the most fatal and rapidly progressive fungal infections in humans; among its many forms. rhinocerebral mucormycosis is the most common. It is known to occur as opportunistic infection in patients with uncontrolled diabetes, metabolic disorders, organ transplantation, or autoimmune disease with prolonged steroid use. Pott’s puffy tumor is the subperiosteal abscess of the frontal bone caused by trauma complication or frontal sinusitis. It is considered as a very rare complication since the dawn of antibiotic treatments. We report a case of chronic rhinocerebral mucormycosis involving Pott’s puffy tumor in a patient receiving immunosuppressive therapy after lung transplantation.

9.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 57-65, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719460

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Although intravenous cyclophosphamide (IVC) is generally accepted as the standard therapy for induction treatment of active proliferative lupus nephritis (LN), several clinical trials have suggested that mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is at least as effective as IVC. Because few Asian studies have compared the two treatment modalities, we compared the efficacies of MMF and IVC as LN remission induction treatments in Korean patients. METHODS: We enrolled 39 patients with class III and IV LN who received MMF or IVC as LN induction therapy. The renal outcomes (i.e., complete response [CR], partial response [PR], and no response [NR]) at 6 and 12 months were defined using the ACR 2006 response criteria. RESULTS: Of 39 patients, 23 (59.0%) were treated with IVC, and 16 (41.0%) were treated with MMF. Demographics, clinical characteristics, laboratory data, and adverse events did not significantly differ between the two groups. However, C3 levels were lower and activity scores in renal biopsy were higher in IVC-treated patients. CRs were achieved by 11 (47.8%) of the patients receiving IVC and 7 (43.8%) of the patients receiving MMF after 6 months of treatment (p=0.961) and by 11 (47.8%) of those who received IVC and 9 (56.2%) of those who received MMF at 12 months of treatment (p=0.713). Neither the PR rate nor the NR rate differed significantly at 6 or 12 months between the two groups. CONCLUSION: The efficacy of MMF does not differ from that of IVC in terms of induction of LN remission in Korean patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asian People , Biopsy , Cyclophosphamide , Demography , Lupus Nephritis , Mycophenolic Acid , Remission Induction
10.
Journal of the Korean Child Neurology Society ; (4): 164-169, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-728846

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To identify the significance of the 12-month developmental assessment in high-risk neonates by comparing their 12 month and later childhood development. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of high risk neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care units of Korea University Ansan Hospital for ten years. Data of 146 patients, who underwent the Bayley test at 12 months of age and retook the same test at 24–36 months, was analyzed. Changes in mental developmental index (MDI) and psychomotor developmental index (PDI) were assessed and < 85 scores of indices were defined as abnormal. RESULTS: At 12 months of age, 35 (24.0%) had normal development, 45(30.8%) had psychomotor developmental delay (MDI≥85, PDI < 85), 7(4.8%) had mental developmental delay (MDI < 85, PDI≥85), and 59(40.4%) had global delay (MDI& PDI < 85). At 24–36 months of age, 52(35.6%) had normal development, 10(6.8%) had mental delay, 16(11.0%) had psychomotor delay, and 68(46.6%) had global delay. Out of 35 patients with normal development at 12 months, 27(77.1%) showed normal development after that, and 46(78.0%) of 59 patients with global delay showed a global delay. All 7 patients who had delayed mental development at 12 months showed global delay at 24–36 months of age (P < 0.01). The 12-month development of high-risk neonates was associated with later developmental status. CONCLUSION: Considering the importance of early intervention for delayed development, the 12-month Bayley test of high-risk neonates may be useful for prediction of later developmental progress.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Child Development , Early Intervention, Educational , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Korea , Neuropsychological Tests , Retrospective Studies
11.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 255-258, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-126248

ABSTRACT

We describe herein histologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular findings and clinical manifestations of a rare case of an extremely well differentiated papillary thyroid carcinoma (EWD-PTC). Similarly, it is also difficult to diagnose follicular variant papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC), whose diagnosis is still met with controversy. A recently reported entity of well-differentiated tumor of uncertain malignant potential (WDT-UMP) is added to the diagnostic spectrum harboring EWD-PTC and FVPTC. We report this case, because EWD-PTC is different from FVPTC in its papillary architecture, and also from WDT-UMP in its recurrence and metastatic pattern. These morphologically deceptive entities harbored diagnostic difficulties in the past because the diagnosis depended solely on histology. However, they are now diagnosed with more certainty by virtue of immunohistochemical and molecular studies. We experienced a case of EWD-PTC, which had been diagnosed as adenomatous hyperplasia 20 years ago and manifested recurrence with lymph node (LN) metastasis 7 years later. After another 7 years of follow-up, a new thyroid lesion had developed, diagnosed as FVPTC, with LN metastasis of EWD-PTC. One year later, the patient developed metastatic FVPTC in the skull. Immunohistochemically, the EWD-PTC was focally positive for CK19, negative for galectin-3, and focally negative for CD56. Molecular studies revealed BRAF-positivity and K-RAS negativity. The FVPTC in the left thyroid showed both BRAF and K-RAS negativity. In conclusion, EWD-PTC and FVPTC share similar histologic features, but they are different tumors with different molecular biologic and clinical manifestations. A large cohort of EWD-PTC should be included in further study.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma, Follicular/pathology , Carcinoma, Papillary, Follicular/pathology , Galectin 3/analysis , Hyperplasia/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Skull Neoplasms/secondary , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology
12.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 463-470, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110377

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: When differential diagnosis is difficult in thyroid follicular lesions with overlapping histological features, the immunohistochemical staining can help confirm the diagnosis. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of rapid immunohistochemical stains of CD56 and cytokeratin 19 on frozen sections of thyroid follicular lesion and explore the possible gains and limitations of the practice. METHODS: Eighty-six nodules of 79 patients whose intraoperative frozen sections were selected as the control group, and 53 nodules of 48 patients whose intraoperative frozen sections were subject to rapid immunohistochemistry were selected as the study group. RESULTS: Five nodules (6%) in the control group were diagnosed as follicular neoplasm and six nodules (7%) were deferred. In the study group, six nodules (11%) were follicular neoplasm and none were deferred. Three nodules (4%) in the control group showed diagnostic discrepancy between the frozen and permanent diagnoses, but none in the study group. The average turnaround time for the frozen diagnosis of the control group was 24 minutes, whereas it was 54 minutes for the study group. CONCLUSIONS: Intraoperative rapid immunohistochemical stains significantly decreased the diagnostic discrepancy in this study. Considering the adverse effects of indefinite frozen diagnosis or discrepancy with permanent diagnoses, the intraoperative rapid immunohistochemical stain can help to accurately diagnose and hence provide guidance to surgical treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coloring Agents , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Frozen Sections , Immunohistochemistry , Keratin-19 , Thyroid Gland
13.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 505-508, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110372

ABSTRACT

Melanotic schwannoma (MS) is a rare variant of nerve sheath neoplasm that shows ultrastructural and immunophenotypical features of Schwann cells but also has cytoplasmic melanosomes and is reactive for melanocytic markers as well. Unlike conventional schwannoma, which is totally benign, MS has an unpredictable prognosis and is thought to have low-malignant potential. Herein, we present a rare case of recurrent MS in lumbar spine of a 59-year-old male.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cytoplasm , Melanosomes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Nerve Sheath Neoplasms , Neurilemmoma , Prognosis , Recurrence , Schwann Cells , Spinal Nerves , Spine
14.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 83-86, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-215144

ABSTRACT

The case of a 23-year-old female treated with aggressive high-dose therapy for Burkitt's lymphoma is reported. A positron emission tomography and computed tomography scan after completion of chemotherapy revealed a residual hypermetabolic lesion in the right pelvic cavity. A pelvic magnetic resonance imaging scan showed circumferential wall thickening at the tip of the appendix. A laparoscopic exploration and appendectomy were performed, and a pathologic examination of the resected appendix revealed xanthogranulomatous appendicitis. This is a rare case of a xanthogranulomatous appendicitis mimicking remnant Burkitt's lymphoma after completion of chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Young Adult , Appendectomy , Appendicitis , Appendix , Burkitt Lymphoma , Drug Therapy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Positron-Emission Tomography
15.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 70-74, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-123566

ABSTRACT

The incidence of thyroid cancer has increased rapidly worldwide, although most patients can survive for a long time without developing symptoms. While most thyroid cancers are treated with thyroidectomy alone, some patients are given additional radioactive iodine (RAI) in the form of 131I to treat thyroid cancer metastasis. RAI is associated with acute and chronic complications. Secondary malignancies are the most important in long-term cancer survivors. While many studies have reported the occurrence of acute myeloid leukemia after high-dose RAI, there are few reports on chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) after low-dose RAI treatment. Moreover, previous cases of CML following thyroid cancer were reported before the tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) era. Here, we describe two cases of CML following thyroid cancer that were successfully treated with second-generation TKIs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Incidence , Iodine , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Neoplasm Metastasis , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Survivors , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy
16.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 297-303, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81685

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the laboratory and clinical manifestations of Sjögren's syndrome (SS) association with chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1 (CXCL1) expression in the ductal and acinar salivary gland epithelial cells (SGEC) of the minor salivary glands. METHODS: The sociodemographic data of 106 SS patients was obtained, and the glandular and extraglandular manifestations of the disease documented. The minor salivary glands were biopsied and the laboratory findings analyzed. European League Against Rheumatism SS disease activity index (ESSDAI) and SS disease damage index (SSDDI) scores were obtained during biopsy. An immunohistochemical approach was used to define the expression of CXCL1 in the salivary glands. RESULTS: Of 106 patients, the minor salivary glands of 22 patients (20.7%) stained positively for CXCL1. Such CXCL1-positive patients exhibited higher ESSDAI scores at the time of biopsy than the CXCL1-negative patients (3.86±2.27 vs. 2.64±1.62, p=0.015). Lymphadenopathy was more frequently observed in CXCL1-positive patients, compared with CXCL1-negative patients (31.8% vs. 9.5%, p=0.014). No differences between groups were identified in terms of sociodemographic characteristics, laboratory data, or the extent of the glandular manifestation of SS. CONCLUSION: The expression of CXCL1 within the ductal and acinar SGEC of SS patients is associated with lymphadenopathy and elevated clinical disease activity. CXCL1 may play an important role in the disease activity and prognosis of SS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Chemokine CXCL1 , Chemokines , Epithelial Cells , Lymphatic Diseases , Prognosis , Rheumatic Diseases , Salivary Glands , Salivary Glands, Minor
17.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 59-62, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149387

ABSTRACT

Chronic neutrophilic leukemia (CNL) is a rare myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by sustained neutrophilia, splenomegaly, and hypercellular bone marrow without Philadelphia chromosome. Diagnosis of CNL requires exclusion of identifiable causes of reactive neutrophilia, such as infection and tumors. Our patient presented with general weakness and weight loss. Computed tomography (CT) showed a mass in the distal rectum, which was confirmed to be an adenocarcinoma by colonoscopic biopsy. Positron emission tomography-CT showed multiple liver, bone, and lymph node metastases. Liver and lymph node biopsies revealed neutrophilic infiltration with no evidence of adenocarcinoma. The pathological findings of the bone marrow were compatible with CNL. Cytogenetic analysis revealed a normal karyotype, and molecular analysis was negative for BCR/ABL. Here, we present a 73 year-old man diagnosed with concurrent CNL and rectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Biopsy , Bone Marrow , Cytogenetic Analysis , Diagnosis , Electrons , Karyotype , Leukemia , Leukemia, Neutrophilic, Chronic , Leukemoid Reaction , Leukocytosis , Liver , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neutrophils , Philadelphia Chromosome , Rectal Neoplasms , Rectum , Splenomegaly , Weight Loss
18.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 553-557, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-185242

ABSTRACT

We report two cases of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for recurrent or residual esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) lesions after chemoradiotherapy for advanced esophageal cancer. Case 1 involved a 64-year-old man who had previously undergone chemoradiotherapy for advanced ESCC and achieved a complete response (CR) for 22 months, until metachronous recurrent superficial ESCC was detected on follow-up esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). We performed ESD and found no evidence of recurrence for 24 months. Case 2 involved a 59-year-old man who had previously undergone chemoradiotherapy for advanced ESCC. He responded favorably to treatment, and most of the tumor had disappeared on follow-up EGD 4 months later. However, there were two residual superficial esophageal lugol-voiding lesions. We performed ESD, and he had a CR for 32 months thereafter. ESD can be considered a viable treatment option for recurrent or residual superficial ESCC after chemoradiotherapy for advanced esophageal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Chemoradiotherapy , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Esophageal Neoplasms , Follow-Up Studies , Recurrence
19.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 236-242, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-188227

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The conventional method for decalcification of bone specimens uses hydrochloric acid (HCl) and is notorious for damaging cellular RNA, DNA, and proteins, thus complicating molecular and immunohistochemical analyses. A method that can effectively decalcify while preserving genetic material is necessary. METHODS: Pairs of bilateral bone marrow biopsies sampled from 53 patients were decalcified according to protocols of two comparison groups: EDTA versus HCl and RDO GOLD (RDO) versus HCl. Pairs of right and left bone marrow biopsy samples harvested from 28 cases were allocated into the EDTA versus HCl comparison group, and 25 cases to the RDO versus HCl comparison group. The decalcification protocols were compared with regards to histomorphology, immunohistochemistry, and molecular analysis. For molecular analysis, we randomly selected 5 cases from the EDTA versus HCl and RDO versus HCl groups. RESULTS: The decalcification time for appropriate histomorphologic analysis was the longest in the EDTA method and the shortest in the RDO method. EDTA was superior to RDO or HCl in DNA yield and integrity, assessed via DNA extraction, polymerase chain reaction, and silver in situ hybridization using DNA probes. The EDTA method maintained intact nuclear protein staining on immunohistochemistry, while the HCl method produced poor quality images. Staining after the RDO method had equivocal results. RNA in situ hybridization using kappa and lambda RNA probes measured RNA integrity; the EDTA and RDO method had the best quality, followed by HCl. CONCLUSIONS: The EDTA protocol would be the best in preserving genetic material. RDO may be an acceptable alternative when rapid decalcification is necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Bone Marrow , Decalcification Technique , DNA , DNA Probes , Edetic Acid , Hydrochloric Acid , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Hybridization , Nuclear Proteins , Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA , RNA Probes , Silver
20.
Blood Research ; : 200-203, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-145973

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Isochromosomes , Lymphoma, B-Cell
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