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1.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e251-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001088

ABSTRACT

Background@#There are increasing concerns about that sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) could be omitted in patients with clinically T1-2 N0 breast cancers who has negative axillary ultrasound (AUS). This study aims to assess the false negative result (FNR) of AUS, the rate of high nodal burden (HNB) in clinically T1-2 N0 breast cancer patients, and the diagnostic performance of breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and nomogram. @*Methods@#We identified 948 consecutive patients with clinically T1-2 N0 cancers who had negative AUS, subsequent MRI, and breast conserving therapy between 2013 and 2020 from two tertiary medical centers. Patients from two centers were assigned to development and validation sets, respectively. Among 948 patients, 402 (mean age ± standard deviation, 57.61 ± 11.58) were within development cohort and 546 (54.43 ± 10.02) within validation cohort. Using logistic regression analyses, clinical-imaging factors associated with lymph node (LN) metastasis were analyzed in the development set from which nomogram was created. The performance of MRI and nomogram was assessed. HNB was defined as ≥ 3 positive LNs. @*Results@#The FNR of AUS was 20.1% (81 of 402) and 19.2% (105 of 546) and the rates of HNB were 1.2% (5/402) and 2.2% (12/546), respectively. Clinical and imaging features associated with LN metastasis were progesterone receptor positivity, outer tumor location on mammography, breast imaging reporting and data system category 5 assessment of cancer on ultrasound, and positive axilla on MRI. In validation cohorts, the positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of MRI and clinical-imaging nomogram was 58.5% and 86.5%, and 56.0% and 82.0%, respectively. @*Conclusion@#The FNR of AUS was approximately 20% but the rate of HNB was low. The diagnostic performance of MRI was not satisfactory with low PPV but MRI had merit in reaffirming negative AUS with high NPV. Patients who had low probability scores from our clinical-imaging nomogram might be possible candidates for the omission of SLNB.

2.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 292-301, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000782

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Detection of multifocal, multicentric, and contralateral breast cancers in patients affects surgical management. Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) can identify additional foci that were initially undetected by conventional imaging. However, its use is limited owing to low specificity and high false-positive rate. Multiparametric MRI (DCE-MRI + diffusion-weighted [DW] MRI) can increase the specificity. We aimed to describe the protocols of our prospective, multicenter, observational cohort studies designed to compare the diagnostic performance of DCE-MRI and multiparametric MRI for the diagnosis of multifocal, multicentric cancer and contralateral breast cancer in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer. @*Methods@#Two studies comparing the performance of DCE-MRI and multiparametric MRI for the diagnosis of multifocal, multicentric cancer (NCT04656639) and contralateral breast cancer (NCT05307757) will be conducted. For trial NCT04656639, 580 females with invasive breast cancer candidates for breast conservation surgery whose DCE-MRI showed additional suspicious lesions (breast imaging reporting and data system [BI-RADS] category ≥ 4) on DCE-MRI in the ipsilateral breast will be enrolled. For trial NCT05307757, 1098 females with invasive breast cancer whose DCE-MRI showed contralateral lesions (BI-RADS category ≥ 3 or higher on DCE-MRI) will be enrolled. Participants will undergo 3.0-T DCE-MRI and DWMRI. The diagnostic performance of DCE-MRI and multiparametric MRI will be compared.The receiver operating characteristic curve, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and characteristics of the detected cancers will be analyzed. The primary outcome is the difference in the receiver operating characteristic curve between DCE-MRI and multiparametric MRI interpretation. Enrollment completion is expected in 2024, and study results are expected to be presented in 2026.Discussion: This prospective, multicenter study will compare the performance of DCE-MRI versus multiparametric MRI for the preoperative evaluation of multifocal, multicentric, and contralateral breast cancer and is currently in the patient enrollment phase.

3.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 531-541, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976713

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Mutations in the PIK3CA gene occur frequently in breast cancer patients. Activating PIK3CA mutations confer resistance to human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-targeted treatments. In this study, we investigated whether PIK3CA mutations were correlated with treatment response or duration in patients with HER2-positive (HER2+) breast cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the clinical information of patients with HER2+ breast cancer who received HER2-targeted therapy for early-stage or metastatic cancers. The pathologic complete response (pCR), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival were compared between patients with wild-type PIK3CA (PIK3CAw) and those with mutated PIK3CA (PIK3CAm). Next-generation sequencing was combined with examination of PFS associated with anti-HER2 monoclonal antibody (mAb) treatment. @*Results@#Data from 90 patients with HER2+ breast cancer were analyzed. Overall, 34 (37.8%) patients had pathogenic PIK3CA mutations. The pCR rate of the PIK3CAm group was lower than that of the PIK3CAw group among patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy for early-stage cancer. In the metastatic setting, the PIK3CAm group showed a significantly shorter mean PFS (mPFS) with first-line anti-HER2 mAb. The mPFS of second-line T-DM1 was lower in the PIK3CAm group than that in the PIK3CAw group. Sequencing revealed differences in the mutational landscape between PIK3CAm and PIK3CAw tumors. @*Conclusion@#Patients with HER2+ breast cancer with activating PIK3CA mutations had lower pCR rates and shorter PFS with palliative HER2-targeted therapy than those with wild-type PIK3CA. Precise targeted-therapy is needed to improve survival of patients with HER2+/PIK3CAm breast cancer.

4.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 737-742, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901354

ABSTRACT

Primary neuroendocrine carcinomas of the breast are a rare, distinct category of breast carcinomas that require immunohistochemical staining for diagnosis. Currently, there is not enough evidence on the clinical pattern, prognosis, and proper management of the disease. Only few case series have described the imaging findings of neuroendocrine carcinomas of the breast. We herein present a case of a primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of the breast (small cell) presenting as a locally aggressive tumor with metastatic disease, and describe the radiologic findings.

5.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 423-428, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901335

ABSTRACT

Progressive transformation of germinal centers (PTGC) is a rarely diagnosed, benign disease of the lymph nodes that commonly manifests as chronic lymphadenopathy. PTGC may be characterized by single or multiple non-tender lymph nodes, and it commonly involves the cervical, axillary, and inguinal areas. Although PTGC is identified with concurrent lymphoma in some patients, it is not considered as a premalignant entity. Histopathologic diagnosis of PTGC is rarely made, and imaging findings have been reported in very few studies. We present a case of PTGC that occurred at the contralateral axillary lymph nodes and mimicked metastatic lymphadenopathy after breast cancer surgery. We also discuss its imaging findings.

6.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 889-902, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901315

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To assess the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for additional MR-detected enhancing lesions and to determine whether or not kinetic pattern results comparable to dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) of the breast can be obtained using the quantitative analysis of CEUS. @*Materials and Methods@#In this single-center prospective study, a total of 71 additional MR-detected breast lesions were included. CEUS examination was performed, and lesions were categorized according to the Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS). The sensitivity,specificity, and diagnostic accuracy of CEUS were calculated by comparing the BI-RADS category to the final pathology results. The degree of agreement between CEUS and DCE-MRI kinetic patterns was evaluated using weighted kappa. @*Results@#On CEUS, 46 lesions were assigned as BI-RADS category 4B, 4C, or 5, while 25 lesions category 3 or 4A. The diagnostic performance of CEUS for enhancing lesions on DCE-MRI was excellent, with 84.9% sensitivity, 94.4% specificity, and 97.8% positive predictive value. A total of 57/71 (80%) lesions had correlating kinetic patterns and showed good agreement (weighted kappa = 0.66) between CEUS and DCE-MRI. Benign lesions showed excellent agreement (weighted kappa = 0.84), and invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) showed good agreement (weighted kappa = 0.69). @*Conclusion@#The diagnostic performance of CEUS for additional MR-detected breast lesions was excellent. Accurate kinetic pattern assessment, fairly comparable to DCE-MRI, can be obtained for benign and IDC lesions using CEUS.

7.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 737-742, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893650

ABSTRACT

Primary neuroendocrine carcinomas of the breast are a rare, distinct category of breast carcinomas that require immunohistochemical staining for diagnosis. Currently, there is not enough evidence on the clinical pattern, prognosis, and proper management of the disease. Only few case series have described the imaging findings of neuroendocrine carcinomas of the breast. We herein present a case of a primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of the breast (small cell) presenting as a locally aggressive tumor with metastatic disease, and describe the radiologic findings.

8.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 423-428, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893631

ABSTRACT

Progressive transformation of germinal centers (PTGC) is a rarely diagnosed, benign disease of the lymph nodes that commonly manifests as chronic lymphadenopathy. PTGC may be characterized by single or multiple non-tender lymph nodes, and it commonly involves the cervical, axillary, and inguinal areas. Although PTGC is identified with concurrent lymphoma in some patients, it is not considered as a premalignant entity. Histopathologic diagnosis of PTGC is rarely made, and imaging findings have been reported in very few studies. We present a case of PTGC that occurred at the contralateral axillary lymph nodes and mimicked metastatic lymphadenopathy after breast cancer surgery. We also discuss its imaging findings.

9.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 889-902, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893611

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To assess the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for additional MR-detected enhancing lesions and to determine whether or not kinetic pattern results comparable to dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) of the breast can be obtained using the quantitative analysis of CEUS. @*Materials and Methods@#In this single-center prospective study, a total of 71 additional MR-detected breast lesions were included. CEUS examination was performed, and lesions were categorized according to the Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS). The sensitivity,specificity, and diagnostic accuracy of CEUS were calculated by comparing the BI-RADS category to the final pathology results. The degree of agreement between CEUS and DCE-MRI kinetic patterns was evaluated using weighted kappa. @*Results@#On CEUS, 46 lesions were assigned as BI-RADS category 4B, 4C, or 5, while 25 lesions category 3 or 4A. The diagnostic performance of CEUS for enhancing lesions on DCE-MRI was excellent, with 84.9% sensitivity, 94.4% specificity, and 97.8% positive predictive value. A total of 57/71 (80%) lesions had correlating kinetic patterns and showed good agreement (weighted kappa = 0.66) between CEUS and DCE-MRI. Benign lesions showed excellent agreement (weighted kappa = 0.84), and invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) showed good agreement (weighted kappa = 0.69). @*Conclusion@#The diagnostic performance of CEUS for additional MR-detected breast lesions was excellent. Accurate kinetic pattern assessment, fairly comparable to DCE-MRI, can be obtained for benign and IDC lesions using CEUS.

10.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 759-772, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741456

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of ultrasound (US) microflow assessment in distinguishing malignant from benign solid breast masses as well as the association between US parameters and histologic microvessel density (MVD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-eight breast masses (57 benign and 41 malignant) were examined using Superb Microvascular Imaging (SMI) and contrast-enhanced US (CEUS) before biopsy. Two radiologists evaluated the quantitative and qualitative vascular parameters on SMI (vascular index, morphology, distribution, and penetration) and CEUS (time-intensity curve analysis and enhancement characteristics). US parameters were compared between benign and malignant masses and the diagnostic performance was compared between SMI and CEUS. Subgroup analysis was performed according to lesion size. The effect of vascular parameters on downgrading Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) category 4A masses was evaluated. The association between histologic MVD and US parameters was analyzed. RESULTS: Malignant masses were associated with a higher vascular index (15.1 ± 7.3 vs. 5.9 ± 5.6), complex vessel morphology (82.9% vs. 42.1%), central vascularity (95.1% vs. 59.6%), penetrating vessels (80.5% vs. 31.6%) on SMI (all, p < 0.001), as well as higher peak intensity (37.1 ± 25.7 vs. 17.0 ± 15.8, p < 0.001), slope (10.6 ± 11.2 vs. 3.9 ± 4.2, p = 0.001), area (1035.7 ± 726.9 vs. 458.2 ± 410.2, p < 0.001), hyperenhancement (95.1% vs. 70.2%, p = 0.005), centripetal enhancement (70.7% vs. 45.6%, p = 0.023), penetrating vessels (65.9% vs. 22.8%, p < 0.001), and perfusion defects (31.7% vs. 3.5%, p < 0.001) on CEUS (p ≤ 0.023). The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUCs) of SMI and CEUS were 0.853 and 0.841, respectively (p = 0.803). In 19 masses measuring < 10 mm, central vascularity on SMI was associated with malignancy (100% vs. 38.5%, p = 0.018). Considering all benign SMI parameters on the BI-RADS assessment, unnecessary biopsies could be avoided in 12 category 4A masses with improved AUCs (0.500 vs. 0.605, p < 0.001). US vascular parameters associated with malignancy showed higher MVD (p ≤ 0.016). MVD was higher in malignant masses than in benign masses, and malignant masses negative for estrogen receptor or positive for Ki67 had higher MVD (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: US microflow assessment using SMI and CEUS is valuable in distinguishing malignant from benign solid breast masses, and US vascular parameters are associated with histologic MVD.


Subject(s)
Area Under Curve , Biopsy , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Estrogens , Information Systems , Microvessels , Perfusion , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Ultrasonography
11.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 411-421, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741423

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation of kinetic features of breast cancers on computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) of preoperative 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data and clinical-pathologic factors in breast cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between July 2016 and March 2017, 85 patients (mean age, 54 years; age range, 35–81 years) with invasive breast cancers (mean, 1.8 cm; range, 0.8–4.8 cm) who had undergone MRI and surgery were retrospectively enrolled. All magnetic resonance images were processed using CAD, and kinetic features of tumors were acquired. The relationships between kinetic features and clinical-pathologic factors were assessed using Spearman correlation test and binary logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Peak enhancement and angio-volume were significantly correlated with histologic grade, Ki-67 index, and tumor size: r = 0.355 (p = 0.001), r = 0.330 (p = 0.002), and r = 0.231 (p = 0.033) for peak enhancement, r = 0.410 (p = 0.005), r = 0.341 (p < 0.001), and r = 0.505 (p < 0.001) for angio-volume. Delayed-plateau component was correlated with Ki-67 (r = 0.255 [p = 0.019]). In regression analysis, higher peak enhancement was associated with higher histologic grade (odds ratio [OR] = 1.004; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.001–1.008; p = 0.024), and higher delayed-plateau component and angio-volume were associated with higher Ki-67 (OR = 1.051; 95% CI: 1.011–1.094; p = 0.013 for delayed-plateau component, OR = 1.178; 95% CI: 1.023–1.356; p = 0.023 for angio-volume). CONCLUSION: Of the CAD-assessed kinetic features, higher peak enhancement may correlate with higher histologic grade, and higher delayed-plateau component and angio-volume correlate with higher Ki-67 index. These results support the clinical application of kinetic features in prognosis assessment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Diagnosis , Logistic Models , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
12.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 640-641, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719000

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Myofibroblasts
13.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 376-379, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715922

ABSTRACT

Stewart-Treves syndrome (STS) is a rare cutaneous angiosarcoma that develops in chronic lymphedema. The majority of STS is described in the upper extremity after aggressive locoregional therapy for breast cancer and is rarely reported in lower extremities. A 68-year-old woman presented with a 3-month history of multiple purpuric tumorous plaques and nodules on the right posterior thigh. She had a history of radical hysterectomy with lymph node dissection and postoperative radiotherapy due to uterine cervical cancer 16 years ago. She received right total hip replacement surgery due to hip joint avascular necrosis 14 years ago. She had suffered from chronic leg edema, especially on the right side. Skin biopsy on the right posterior thigh showed irregular vascular channels lined by atypical endothelial cells. Special stains showed positivity for CD31, CD34, factor VIII, and D2~40, which are pan-vascular or lymphatic markers. She showed a pelvic mass and pelvic bone metastasis on radiologic staging work-up. She refused all treatment, including surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy, except for pain control. She died 2 months after diagnosis of this highly malignant tumor. The lymphedema on both lower extremities after uterine cervical cancer treatment was aggravated especially on the right lower extremity after right total hip replacement surgery. Increased weight of the right lower extremity resulted in 4 episodes of recurrent hip dislocation. We contend that these multiple factors (uterine cervical cancer treatment, total hip replacement surgery on the right side, and recurrent hip dislocations) attributed to development of Stewart-Treves syndrome. We herein report a case of Stewart-Treves syndrome of the lower extremity following chronic leg lymphedema after uterine cervical cancer treatment and hip surgery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Biopsy , Breast Neoplasms , Coloring Agents , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Edema , Endothelial Cells , Factor VIII , Hemangiosarcoma , Hip , Hip Dislocation , Hip Joint , Hysterectomy , Leg , Lower Extremity , Lymph Node Excision , Lymphedema , Necrosis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pelvic Bones , Radiotherapy , Skin , Thigh , Upper Extremity , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
14.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 332-337, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715368

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Diagnostic tests for carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in ascites have been performed in various malignant cases, but there is only few data on the applicability of CEA for colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis. We aimed to determine the usefulness of CEA in ascites (aCEA) as a diagnostic parameter for CRC with peritoneal carcinomatosis. METHODS: Between January 2000 and May 2013, the medical records of 259 patients who underwent paracentesis for the evaluation of ascites were retrospectively reviewed. CRC patients with ascites (n=82) and patients with non-malignant ascites (n=177) were evaluated. Patients who had other malignancies, including gastric or ovarian cancer, with ascites were excluded. The optimal diagnostic cut-off value of aCEA for CRC with peritoneal carcinomatosis was determined using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. The value of aCEA for predicting the occurrence of peritoneal carcinomatosis was evaluated using a logistic regression model. RESULTS: The optimal cut-off value of aCEA to diagnose CRC with peritoneal carcinomatosis was 3.89 ng/mL, and the area under the curve for aCEA was 0.996 (sensitivity 96.3%, specificity 100%, positive predictive value 100%, negative predictive value 98.3%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that aCEA was an independent factor predicting the occurrence of peritoneal carcinomatosis. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we showed that aCEA may be a useful parameter for diagnosing CRC with peritoneal carcinomatosis, and we propose an optimal aCEA cut-off value of 3.89 ng/mL. Further study that includes patients with other malignant ascites may be necessary to validate these findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ascites , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Carcinoma , Colorectal Neoplasms , Diagnostic Tests, Routine , Logistic Models , Medical Records , Ovarian Neoplasms , Paracentesis , Peritoneal Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
16.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 178-185, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-33717

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is a malignant proliferation of keratinocytes of the epidermis. It may have the potential to metastasize distally in contrast to the cutaneous basal cell carcinoma. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the recent trend of cSCC development from a clinical, histopathological, and prognostic perspective. METHODS: One hundred and sixty cases of cSCC in patients who had visited the Samsung Changwon Hospital over the past 10 years (between 2006 and 2016) were retrospectively studied. We analyzed their age, sex, location, etiologic factor, histopathologic finding, and treatment. RESULTS: The average age of cSCC was 77 years old and the sex ratio was 1:2.27. The most commonly involved location was the head and neck (73.13%). The etiologic factors were unknown (61.88%), actinic keratosis (23.13%), Bowen's disease (10.63%), burn scar (2.5%), chronic eczema (0.63%) and chronic inflammatory disease (0.63%). The average tumor diameter and thickness were 18.1 mm and 3.58 mm, respectively. The degrees of differentiation were well-differentiated (68.75%), moderately differentiated (28.75%) and poorly differentiated (2.5%). The occurrence rate of cSCC metastasis was 6.25% (10 cases/160 cases). The most common primary locations of cSCC metastasis were the lower extremities (5 cases/10 cases) and head and neck (2 cases/10 cases). All 10 cases were metastasis to adjacent lymph nodes. Five cases showed metastasis to distant lymph nodes, the lungs, liver or bone. The average tumor diameter and thickness of cSCC metastasis were 45.3 mm and 9.46 mm, respectively. Histopathologically, the degrees of differentiation were well-differentiated, moderately differentiated and poorly differentiated type (4 cases, 5 cases, and 1 case, respectively). CONCLUSION: The location of the lower extremities (p=0.000) and a size larger than 20 mm (p=0.000) were related to cSCC metastasis. cSCC metastasis was found at an average of 7.5 months after diagnosis. High-risk cSCC patients should be followed closely, particularly during the first 2 years after diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bowen's Disease , Burns , Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cicatrix , Diagnosis , Eczema , Epidermis , Epithelial Cells , Head , Keratinocytes , Keratosis, Actinic , Liver , Lower Extremity , Lung , Lymph Nodes , Neck , Neoplasm Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Sex Ratio
17.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 268-269, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-203534

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Dendritic Cells
18.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 331-335, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-134089

ABSTRACT

Silicone implants are widely used in aesthetic and reconstructive breast surgery. Silicone lymphadenopathy is a well-known rare complication of implant insertion. Silicone leakage from a rupture or silicone bleeding can accumulate in lymph nodes. Foreign body reactions in the affected lymph nodes may be misdiagnosed as metastasis or malignant lymphadeno pathy upon initial presentation if silicone lymphadenopathy is not considered in the initial diagnosis. We report a case of siliconoma with extensive involvement of multiple lymph nodes mimicking malignant features to emphasize that clinicians should carefully evaluate each patient's medical history and disease status during differential diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Breast Implants , Breast , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Foreign Bodies , Hemorrhage , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Diseases , Neoplasm Metastasis , Rupture , Silicon , Silicones
19.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 331-335, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-134088

ABSTRACT

Silicone implants are widely used in aesthetic and reconstructive breast surgery. Silicone lymphadenopathy is a well-known rare complication of implant insertion. Silicone leakage from a rupture or silicone bleeding can accumulate in lymph nodes. Foreign body reactions in the affected lymph nodes may be misdiagnosed as metastasis or malignant lymphadeno pathy upon initial presentation if silicone lymphadenopathy is not considered in the initial diagnosis. We report a case of siliconoma with extensive involvement of multiple lymph nodes mimicking malignant features to emphasize that clinicians should carefully evaluate each patient's medical history and disease status during differential diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Breast Implants , Breast , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Foreign Bodies , Hemorrhage , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Diseases , Neoplasm Metastasis , Rupture , Silicon , Silicones
20.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 79(5): 303-307, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-827963

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To investigate the contributions of transient pattern-reversal visual evoked potentials in the diagnosis of ocular malingering at a Brazilian university hospital. Methods: Adult patients with suspected malingering in one or both eyes were referred for visual evoked potential testing. Data from patients' medical records were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively. Data analysis included the distance optotype visual acuity based on a ETDRS retro-illuminated chart and the transient pattern-reversal visual evoked potential parameters of latency (milliseconds) and amplitude (microvolts) for the P100 component, using checkerboards with visual subtenses of 15' and 60'. Motivations for malingering were noted. Results: The 20 subjects included 11 (55%) women. Patient ages ranged from 21 to 61 years (mean= 45.05 ± 11.76 years; median= 49 years). In 8 patients (6 women), both eyes exhibited reduced visual acuity with normal pattern-reversal visually evoked potential parameters (pure malingerers). The remaining 12 patients (7 men) exhibited reduced vision in only 1 eye, with simulated reduced vision in the contralateral eye (exaggerators). Financial motivation was noted in 18 patients (9 men). Conclusion: Normal pattern-reversal visually evoked potential parameters with suspected ocular malingering were observed in a 20 patient cohort. This electrophysiological technique appeared to be useful as a measure of visual pathway integrity in this specific population.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar a contribuição dos potenciais visuais evocados por padrões reversos no diagnóstico de simulação de baixa de visão em um hospital universitário do Brasil. Métodos: Um grupo de pacientes adultos com suspeita de simulação de baixa de visão em um ou ambos os olhos foi avaliado e os dados analisados retrospectivamente. Foram medidos: acuidade visual de optotipos informada para longe utilizando a tabela ETDRS, parâmetros dos potenciais visuais evocados por padrões reversos de latência (milissegundos) e amplitude (microvolts) para o componente P100 com estímulos de ângulos visuais de 15' e 60'. A motivação do paciente para a simulação foi anotada. Resultados: Os participantes foram 20 indivíduos com 11 (55%) do sexo feminino. A idade variou de 21 a 61 anos (média= 45,05 ± 11,76 anos; mediana= 49 anos). Em 8 pacientes (6 mulheres) ambos os olhos tinham acuidade visual reduzida com parâmetros dos potenciais visuais evocados por padrão reverso normais para ambos os olhos (simuladores puros). Uma subsérie separada de 12 pacientes (7 homens) tinha visão reduzida em apenas um olho e estavam simulando redução da visão no outro olho (exacerbadores). A motivação financeira foi observada em 18 pacientes (9 homens). Conclusões: Parâmetros dos potenciais visuais evocados por padrões reversos normais foram encontrados neste grupo de 20 pacientes com suspeita de simulação. Esta técnica eletrofisiológica pode ser útil como uma medida da integridade do sistema visual nesta população de doentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Vision Disorders/diagnosis , Vision Disorders/physiopathology , Evoked Potentials, Visual/physiology , Malingering/diagnosis , Malingering/physiopathology , Photic Stimulation , Time Factors , Visual Pathways/physiopathology , Brazil , Visual Acuity/physiology , Blindness/diagnosis , Blindness/physiopathology , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Hospitals, University
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