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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897582

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. When performing cosmetic rhinoplasty with alloplastic materials, complications such as implant visualization, inflammation, dislocation, and extrusion should be thoroughly evaluated. Although computed tomography (CT) can provide useful information about the implant status and its interaction with the skin soft tissue envelope (SSTE), the radiologic findings of these interactions have rarely been reported. @*Methods@#. We retrospectively reviewed the data of 80 patients who underwent facial bone CT or ostiomeatal unit CT at Asan Medical Center between July 2008 and January 2020 for the evaluation of dorsal implants with complications. We reviewed the implantation period, implant dislocation, implant curling or deformation, radiodensity (in Hounsfield units), and nasal bone changes including bone erosion or hyperostosis. @*Results@#. Of the 80 patients, 67 (83.8%) had silicone implants and 13 (16.2%) had Gore-Tex implants. The radiologic findings of the silicone implants were as follows: maintenance of the implant shape (80.6%), radiolucency (similar density to that of fat tissue) halo (83.6%), and homogeneous attenuation (82.1%). Peri-implant calcification was often found in silicone implants with >20-year implantation periods. The findings of Gore-Tex were as follows: curling or deformation (84.6%), heterogeneous attenuation (84.6%), and consistent peri-implant calcification over time. @*Conclusions@#. Silicone and Gore-Tex implants have distinctive radiologic features. These findings of alloplastic materials help us to understand how implants behave in the nasal dorsum and how they affect the SSTE.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889878

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. When performing cosmetic rhinoplasty with alloplastic materials, complications such as implant visualization, inflammation, dislocation, and extrusion should be thoroughly evaluated. Although computed tomography (CT) can provide useful information about the implant status and its interaction with the skin soft tissue envelope (SSTE), the radiologic findings of these interactions have rarely been reported. @*Methods@#. We retrospectively reviewed the data of 80 patients who underwent facial bone CT or ostiomeatal unit CT at Asan Medical Center between July 2008 and January 2020 for the evaluation of dorsal implants with complications. We reviewed the implantation period, implant dislocation, implant curling or deformation, radiodensity (in Hounsfield units), and nasal bone changes including bone erosion or hyperostosis. @*Results@#. Of the 80 patients, 67 (83.8%) had silicone implants and 13 (16.2%) had Gore-Tex implants. The radiologic findings of the silicone implants were as follows: maintenance of the implant shape (80.6%), radiolucency (similar density to that of fat tissue) halo (83.6%), and homogeneous attenuation (82.1%). Peri-implant calcification was often found in silicone implants with >20-year implantation periods. The findings of Gore-Tex were as follows: curling or deformation (84.6%), heterogeneous attenuation (84.6%), and consistent peri-implant calcification over time. @*Conclusions@#. Silicone and Gore-Tex implants have distinctive radiologic features. These findings of alloplastic materials help us to understand how implants behave in the nasal dorsum and how they affect the SSTE.

4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920049

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#The 10-item Standardized Cosmesis and Health Nasal Outcomes Survey (SCHNOS) is a recently developed questionnaire for assessing both nasal obstruction and nasal cosmetic satisfaction. It is widely used in rhinoplasty clinics based on its high level of reliability and efficacy in Western countries. In this study we evaluated the validity of the Korean version of the SCHNOS (K-SCHNOS).Subjects and Method The SCHNOS was translated into easily-understandable Korean following the guideline of the developers. Twenty-seven patients undergoing rhinoplasty and a control group of 29 non-rhinoplasty patients completed K-SCHNOS twice at intervals of 2 weeks regardless of pre- or postoperative state. The K-SCHNOS was evaluated for internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and validity. @*Results@#Of the 56 study participants, 39 (69.6%) were male and 17 (30.4%) were female, with the mean (standard deviation) age of 33.5 (12.9) years. Both obstructive domain and cosmetic domains showed high internal consistency with their respective Cronbach’α values being 0.92 and 0.91. The correlations in the test-retest analysis for each item were acceptable, ranging from 0.6-0.82. The association between the obstructive domain and cosmetic domain was 0.48 (95% confidence interval, 0.32-0.61), indicating a very weak correlation. @*Conclusion@#The K-SCHNOS has proven to be a reliable and valid questionnaire to be used by Korean-speaking patients undergoing functional or cosmetic rhinoplasty.

5.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766801

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Vertigo
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763300

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES.: To investigate the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) according to the sleep stage in more detail after control of posture. METHODS.: Patients who underwent nocturnal polysomnography between December 2007 and July 2018 were retrospectively evaluated. Inclusion criteria were as follows: age >18 years, sleep efficacy >80%, and patients who underwent polysomnography only in the supine position (100% of the time). Patients were classified into different groups according to the methods: the first, rapid eye movement (REM)-dominant group (AHIREM/AHINREM >2), non-rapid eye movement (NREM)-dominant group (AHINREM/AHIREM >2), and non-dominant group; and the second, light sleep group (AHIN1N2>AHISWS) and slow wave sleep (SWS) group (AHISWS>AHIN1N2). RESULTS.: A total of 234 patients (mean age, 47.4±13.9 years) were included in the study. There were 108 patients (46.2%) in the REM-dominant group, 88 (37.6%) in the non-dominant group, and 38 (16.2%) in the NREM-dominant group. The AHI was significantly higher in the NREM-dominant group than in the REM-dominant group (32.9±22.9 events/hr vs. 18.3±9.5 events/hr, respectively). There were improvements in the AHI from stage 1 to SWS in NREM sleep with the highest level in REM sleep. A higher AHISWS than AHIN1N2 was found in 16 of 234 patients (6.8%); however, there were no significant predictors of these unexpected results except AHI. CONCLUSION.: Our results demonstrated the highest AHI during REM sleep stage in total participants after control of posture. However, there were 16.2% of patients showed NREM-dominant pattern (AHINREM/AHIREM >2) and 6.8% of patients showed higher AHISWS than AHIN1N2. Therefore, each group might have a different pathophysiology of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and we need to consider this point when we treat the patients with OSA.


Subject(s)
Eye Movements , Humans , Polysomnography , Posture , Retrospective Studies , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Sleep Stages , Sleep, REM , Supine Position
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764345

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: During transient global amnesia (TGA), selective impairment of episodic memory is assumed to occur due to alteration in the neuronal network between the hippocampus and parietooccipital cortices that also include a hub for smooth pursuit (SP) eye movements. This study aimed to determine whether SP is impaired during TGA, and to identify any anatomical and functional linkage present between the oculomotor and memory systems. METHODS: Within a median of 1.0 day of TGA, horizontal SP was evaluated in 145 patients with a target moving at peak velocities of 10°/s and 20°/s. The average SP gains of patients were compared with those of the age-matched controls. RESULTS: The patients with TGA showed lower SP gains in both directions for both peak target velocities. While the normal controls showed symmetric SP in the rightward and leftward directions, in the TGA patients the SP gain was lower during rightward than leftward SP regardless of bilaterality or the side of the lesions. CONCLUSIONS: The cortical regions processing information about visual motion appeared to be affected during or soon after an amnestic episode of TGA, and more so in the right hemisphere. This means that disturbed processing of dynamic visual information may be related to the impaired spatial orientation observed during TGA.


Subject(s)
Amnesia, Transient Global , Eye Movements , Hippocampus , Humans , Memory , Memory, Episodic , Neurons , Pursuit, Smooth
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713824

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Korea is quickly becoming an aged society. Dementia is also becoming a vital public health problem in Korea. Cognitive impairment as a pre-stage of dementia shares most risk factors for dementia. The aim of the present study was to determine associations of serum levels of vitamins A, C, and E with the risk of cognitive impairment among elderly Koreans. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 230 participants aged 60–79 years from Yangpyeong cohort were included. Cognitive function was assessed by the Korean version of the Mini-Mental State Examination for Dementia Screening. The logistic multivariable regression model was applied to determine the effect of serum vitamins A, C, and E on the risk of cognitive impairment. RESULTS: There was no significant association between the risk of cognitive impairment and serum levels of vitamin A and vitamin C. There was a significant odd ratio when the second tertile group of beta-gamma tocopherol level was compared to the first tertile group [odds ratio (OR) = 0.37, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.14–0.98, P for trend = 0.051]. In subgroup analyses, there were significant negative associations between beta-gamma tocopherol level and the risk of cognitive impairment in men (OR = 0.17, 95% CI = 0.03–0.87, P for trend = 0.028), non-drinkers or former drinkers (OR = 0.13, 95% CI = 0.02–0.66, P for trend = 0.025), and non-smokers or former smokers (OR = 0.27, 95% CI = 0.09–0.82, P for trend = 0.017). CONCLUSION: Serum beta-gamma tocopherol levels tended to be inversely associated with the risk of cognitive impairment. Further prospective large-scaled studies are needed to examine this association.


Subject(s)
Aged , Ascorbic Acid , Cognition , Cognition Disorders , Cohort Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dementia , Humans , Korea , Male , Mass Screening , Prospective Studies , Public Health , Risk Factors , Tocopherols , Vitamin A , Vitamin E , Vitamins
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738851

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Lung Neoplasms , Lung
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787054

ABSTRACT

The pupillary size and movement are controlled dynamically by the autonomic nervous system; the parasympathetic system constricts the iris, while the sympathetic system dilates the iris. Under normal conditions, these constrictions and dilations occur identically in both eyes. Asymmetry in the pupillomotor neural input or output leads to impaired pupillary movement on one side and an unequal pupil size between both eyes. Anisocoria is one of the most common signs in neuro-ophthalmology, and the neurological disorders that frequently cause anisocoria include serious diseases, such as vascular dissection, fistula, and aneurysm. A careful history and examination can identify and localize pupillary disorders and provide a guide for appropriate evaluations.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Anisocoria , Autonomic Nervous System , Constriction , Fistula , Horner Syndrome , Iris , Nervous System Diseases , Pupil , Pupil Disorders , Tonic Pupil
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-60397

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to develop dietary change program items that could be used to improve dietary life of the elderly and investigate their validity. METHODS: The survey was were analyzed by SPSS program (Ver. 21) and descriptive statistics was performed; a t-test, χ² test, One-way ANOVA and Friedman test were used to determine the priority. RESULTS: Programs for feeding senior citizens that need to be newly established are largely divided into two fields, namely, application of welfare facilities and application of home care, classified into large, medium and sub-classes. The large class was divided into nutrition management, sanitary control, and other health management. The medium class of nutrition management was divided into nutrition education, nutrition intervention, and menu management and supply. The sub-class was composed of division into application of welfare facilities for the elderly and application of home care for the same age group. Responses showed high rate saying that all the categorized items were necessary and valid. With respect to expectation effect on a community program for old people feeding, ‘yes’ was 65 people (55.6%) showing very high expectation toward the question whether a community program for old people feeding are newly set up. CONCLUSIONS: It is believed that nutrition for the aged will be improved and it will be a help not only to a small facilities without obligation of employing a dietician but also to the aged at home if a community program for old people feeding are newly established.


Subject(s)
Aged , Education , Feasibility Studies , Home Care Services , Humans , Nutritionists , Program Development
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-174153

ABSTRACT

The pupillary size and movement are controlled dynamically by the autonomic nervous system; the parasympathetic system constricts the iris, while the sympathetic system dilates the iris. Under normal conditions, these constrictions and dilations occur identically in both eyes. Asymmetry in the pupillomotor neural input or output leads to impaired pupillary movement on one side and an unequal pupil size between both eyes. Anisocoria is one of the most common signs in neuro-ophthalmology, and the neurological disorders that frequently cause anisocoria include serious diseases, such as vascular dissection, fistula, and aneurysm. A careful history and examination can identify and localize pupillary disorders and provide a guide for appropriate evaluations.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Anisocoria , Autonomic Nervous System , Constriction , Fistula , Horner Syndrome , Iris , Nervous System Diseases , Pupil , Pupil Disorders , Tonic Pupil
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121283

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The mutation of the gap junction protein beta 2 (GJB2) gene is the predominant cause of autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the speech perception outcome after cochlear implantation according to the presence of a GJB2 mutation. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: During the period from March 2004 to February 2005, 38 patients underwent cochlear implantation at Asan Medical Center. Genetic factors and speech perception were evaluated in all subjects, and the patients were grouped according to the presence of a GJB2 mutation. The two groups were carefully matched according to the age at cochlear implantation. We analyzed four mutations in the GJB2 gene: 35delG, 167delT, 235delC, and E114G. Speech perception outcomes were measured using the open set, 1 and 2 syllables, the comprehension test, the Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale, the categories of auditory performance, and the Speech Intelligibility Rating scores. The evaluations were performed before the operation, 6 and 12 months thereafter, and then annually up to nine years after cochlear implantation. RESULTS: Fifteen patients had bi-allelic GJB2 mutations (11 with E114G and 4 with 235delC), whereas the remaining 23 had wild type alleles. For the age-matched analysis, 14 patients were selected and divided into two groups of 7 subjects each: GJB2 mutation and no mutation (i.e., deafness of unknown origin). Overall, all patients showed improvement of speech perception outcome after cochlear implantation. There was no difference in the improvement between patients with and without GJB2 mutations at the 5-year and 9-year follow up. The pattern of improvement throughout the duration of the follow-up also showed no difference between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Similar outcomes of speech perception are expected after cochlear implantation in pediatric patients with or without GJB2 mutation.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Cochlear Implantation , Cochlear Implants , Comprehension , Connexins , Deafness , Follow-Up Studies , Gap Junctions , Hearing Loss , Hearing , Humans , Speech Intelligibility , Speech Perception
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-182486

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was performed to identify the health and nutritional status of Korean adults according to food security by age group. METHODS: The subjects were 20~79 year old adults (n = 16,595) who participated in the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010~2012). Subjects were divided into three groups based on food security such as secure, mildly insecure, and moderately/severely insecure groups. Dietary intake was estimated by 24-hour dietary recall. As for mental health status, the data on mental stress, sleep hours, depression symptoms, and suicide ideation were used. RESULTS: Korean adults who were exposed to high food insecurity typically had low income levels, lived alone, and were recipients of basic welfare. In the 20~39y group, people with higher food insecurity had lower concentrations of hemoglobin and higher iron-binding capacity. In the 40~59y group, people with higher food insecurity had lower HDL-cholesterol. In the 60~79y group, people with higher food insecurity had higher total cholesterol levels, more stress, more experiences of depression symptoms, and were more suicidal. Mean intakes of energy, protein, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, vitamin A, carotene, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, niacin, and vitamin C were lower in the food insecure groups. Amounts of vegetables, fruits, and seasoning intakes tended to be lower in people with higher food insecurity. The effects of food security on nutrition intake were greater in the 40~59y and 60~79y groups than the 20–39y group. CONCLUSION: Food insecurity was related to certain health indicators such as anemia and cholesterol levels and affected mental health. The effects of food insecurity on health and nutritional status were different by age group.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anemia , Ascorbic Acid , Calcium , Carotenoids , Cholesterol , Depression , Family Characteristics , Food Supply , Fruit , Humans , Korea , Mental Health , Niacin , Nutrition Surveys , Nutritional Status , Phosphorus , Potassium , Riboflavin , Seasons , Suicide , Thiamine , Vegetables , Vitamin A
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155100

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to develop an Empowerment Education Program (EEP) for kidney transplant patients and to test the program's effects on uncertainty, self-care ability, and compliance. METHODS: The research was conducted using a nonequivalent control group with a pretest-posttest design. The participants were 53 outpatients (experimental group: 25, control group: 28) who were receiving hospital treatment after kidney transplants. After the pre-test, patients in the experimental group underwent a weekly EEP for six weeks. The post-test was conducted immediately after, and four weeks after the program's completion in the same manner as the pre-test. For the control group, we conducted a post-test six and ten weeks after the pre-test, without and program intervention. A repeated measure ANOVA was performed to compare the change scores on main outcomes. RESULTS: Uncertainty was significantly lower in the experimental group than in the control group, both immediately after (t=-3.84, p=<.001) and 4 weeks after (t=-4.51 p=<.001) the program, whereas self-care ability (t=5.81, p=<.001), (t=5.84, p=<.001) and compliance (t=5.07, p=<.001), (t=5.45, p=<.001) were significantly higher. CONCLUSION: Kidney transplant patients who underwent an EEP showed a decrease in uncertainty and an improvement in self-care ability and compliance. Thus, our findings confirmed that an EEP can be an independent intervention method for improving and maintaining the health of kidney transplant patients.


Subject(s)
Compliance , Education , Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Methods , Outpatients , Patient Compliance , Power, Psychological , Self Care , Uncertainty
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-654627

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The use of endoscope has led to new treatment options for middle ear pathologies. The aim of this study is to report on endoscopic ear surgeries for the removal of middle ear cholesteatoma and discuss about the usefulness of endoscopic approach to congenital cholesteatoma in children. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Five pediatric patients with congenital cholesteatoma were enrolled in this study. Cholesteatoma was removed via transcanal endoscopic approach in all patients. Medical records were reviewed retrospectively. We analyzed the clinical characteristics, surgical management and treatment outcomes. RESULTS: The average age of patients was 3.7 years. Cholesteatoma was observed in the anterior portion of tympanic membrane in four patients, and in the posterior portion in one patient. Endoscopic techniques were used exclusively in four patients, but one patient was treated by microscopic approach using a combined technique. Cholesteatoma was fully removed and we confirmed by endoscopic examination that no remnant lesions remained. Surgical complications such as vertigo, sensorineural hearing loss, infection, or bleeding were not seen postoperatively. Average hospital stay was 1.2 days. CONCLUSION: Results showed that this technique was beneficial for treating cholesteatoma in limited cases. Endoscopic surgical techniques produced good intraoperative and postoperative results in removing pediatric congenital cholesteatoma and will gain importance in the otological surgery in the future.


Subject(s)
Child , Cholesteatoma , Cholesteatoma, Middle Ear , Ear , Ear, Middle , Endoscopes , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Hemorrhage , Humans , Length of Stay , Medical Records , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Tympanic Membrane , Vertigo
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-656579

ABSTRACT

Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by mental and growth retardation, craniofacial, vertebral, ocular and cardiac anomalies, gastro-esophageal reflux, and difficult airway management. Patients with this syndrome can also experience upper airway obstruction during sleep, which is caused by hypotonia and the abnormal anatomy of the oropharynx and airways, and become susceptible to obstructive sleep apnea. In our case, respiratory arrest developed in an RTS patient who had undergone Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy (T&A) surgery. It is the first report of respiratory arrest after T&A surgery in a young child with RTS.


Subject(s)
Adenoidectomy , Airway Management , Airway Obstruction , Child , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Humans , Muscle Hypotonia , Oropharynx , Rubinstein-Taybi Syndrome , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Tonsillectomy
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761220

ABSTRACT

The anterior cerebellar vermis has been known to act in coordination of gait and postural adjustment of the trunk and legs. However, oculomotor abnormalities in an isolated anterior vermian lesion have not been described in the literature. A 59-year-old man presented with acute non-rotatory dizziness and disequilibrium. Neuro-ophthalmologic examination found impaired smooth pursuit and hypometric saccades in the contralesional direction, and disconjugate ipsiversive ocular torsion, but without spontaneous or gaze-evoked nystagmus. Imaging study showed an infarction restricted to the rostral end of right cerebellar vermis involving the lingual and central lobules. The anterior cerebellar vermis participates in the maintenance of axial posture and gait, and also in the control of ocular motor and vestibular systems.


Subject(s)
Cerebellar Vermis , Cerebellum , Dizziness , Gait , Humans , Infarction , Leg , Middle Aged , Posture , Pursuit, Smooth , Saccades
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-202735

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) with a diode gallium-aluminum-arsenide (Ga-Al-As) low-level laser device on the healing and attachment of titanium implants in bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen New Zealand white male rabbits weighing 3.0+/-0.5 kg were used for this study. Dental titanium implants (3.75 mm in diameter and 8.5 mm in length, US II RBM plus fixture; Osstem, Seoul, Korea) were implanted into both femurs of each rabbit. The rabbits were randomly divided into a LLLT group and a control group. The LLLT was initiated immediately after surgery and then repeated daily for 7 consecutive days in the LLLT group. Six weeks and 12 weeks after implantation, we evaluated and compared the osseointegration of the LLLT group and control group, using histomorphometric analysis, removal torque testing, and resonance frequency analysis (RFA). The results were statistically significant when the level of probability was 0.05 or less based on a non-parametric Mann-Whitney U-test. RESULTS: The implant survival rate was about 96%. Histologically and histomorphometrically, we observed that the titanium implants were more strongly attached in LLLT group than in control group. However, there was no significant difference between the LLLT group and control group in removal torque or RFA. CONCLUSION: Histologically, LLLT might promote cell-level osseointegration of titanium implants, but there was no statistically significant effects.


Subject(s)
Animal Experimentation , Bone Density , Dental Implants , Femur , Humans , Low-Level Light Therapy , Male , New Zealand , Osseointegration , Rabbits , Seoul , Survival Rate , Titanium , Torque
20.
Journal of Rhinology ; : 115-118, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-187443

ABSTRACT

Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) is a rare soft tissue sarcoma of the sinonasal area. Here, we present two primary cases of UPS and three post-irradiation sinonasal UPS cases. Imaging findings were misinterpreted by radiologists as representing other malignant tumors or recurrence of the primary tumor. Our cases indicate that post-irradiation UPS can originate within any part of the radiation field. Treatment outcomes of primary sinonasal UPS seem to be favorable if the tumor is treated aggressively, but the outcomes of post-irradiation sinonasal UPS may be poor if appropriate surgical margins cannot be obtained.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nasal Cavity , Recurrence , Sarcoma
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