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1.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 277-280, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893498

ABSTRACT

Arachnoid web is a very rare disease that occurs when the normal flow of cerebrospinal fluid is disturbed due to abnormal formation of the arachnoid membrane in the arachnoid space. Consequently, symptoms appear in the form of various myelopathies, such as loss of strength and sensation in the upper and lower extremities, or bladder control disorders. In general, surgical treatment can be considered if symptoms are exhibited. Arachnoid web requires a high consideration of appropriate diagnosis and treatment methods. However, due to its extremely rare occurrence in actual clinical practice, it is difficult to differentiate from other diseases such as herniated intervertebral disc or subdural tumor causing spinal myelopathy. This would effectively lead to a completely different direction of treatment. To date, there have been no case reports of Arachnoid web in Korea, except for collecting and reporting the focal anterior displacement of the thoracic spine, which is a similar lesion in the spinal cord. This article therefore provides information through case reports and literature review.

2.
Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine ; (4): 94-102, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889830

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to determine whether there is a difference in mortality and medical resource utilization between geriatric (aged ≥65 years) and super-geriatric patients (aged ≥80 years) with traumatic brain injury (TBI). @*Methods@#We obtained comprehensive data (demographics, injury characteristics, injury severities, and outcomes) of geriatric and super-geriatric TBI patients from an emergency department-based injury surveillance system database from 2011 to 2016. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to compare the mortality and nonroutine discharge (NRDC) status between both groups. @*Results@#Among 442,533 TBI patients, 48,624 were older than 65 years. A total of 48,446 patients (37,140 geriatric and 11,306 super-geriatric) without exclusion criteria were included in the final analysis. Both overall in-hospital mortality (adjusted odds ratio, 1.88; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.28 to 2.74; P=0.001) and NRDC (adjusted odds ratio, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.07 to 1.71; P=0.011) were significantly higher in the super-geriatric group. In the stratified analysis, there were no significant differences in NRDC rate for all stratifications of treatment timing (emergency department vs. ward admission), but mortality remained to be significant for all stratifications. @*Conclusion@#Super-geriatric TBI patients showed a significantly higher risk-adjusted overall mortality and more inadequate medical resource utilization than did geriatric TBI patients. However, super-geriatric patients were more likely to undergo NRDC after admission; thus, further research about age-related health inequalities is needed in the treatment of super-geriatric patients.

3.
Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology ; : 55-58, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916493

ABSTRACT

Ciguatera is the commonest syndrome of marine poisoning that is caused by the ingestion of ciguatoxins that accumulate in certain tropical and subtropical finfish. It is endemic throughout the subtropical and tropical regions of the Indo-Pacific and Caribbean and has been rarely reported in Korea. With the expansion of travel, tourism, and the import of fish from the tropics, ciguatera poisoning now affects a diverse population. We report a case of ciguatera in a 70-year-old woman, presenting with general paralysis and coma, which developed after consuming codfish and mackerel in Korea.

4.
Safety and Health at Work ; : 432-438, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918779

ABSTRACT

Background@#We aimed to investigate the prevalence of low back pain (LBP) and its associated agricultural work-related, biomechanical factors among this population. @*Methods@#We analyzed initial survey data from the Safety for Agricultural Injury of Farmers cohort study involving adult farmers in Jeju Island. The prevalence of LBP was calculated with associated factors. @*Results@#In total, 1,209 participants were included in the analysis. The overall prevalence of LBP was 23.7%. Significant associations for LBP were the type of farming activity, length of farming career, prior agricultural injury within 1 year, and stress levels. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed three biomechanical factors significantly related to LBP: repetitive use of particular body parts; the inappropriate posture of the lower back and neck. @*Conclusions@#Some occupational, and biomechanical risk factors contribute to LBP. Therefore, postural education, injury prevention education, and psychological support will be needed to prevent LBP.

5.
Safety and Health at Work ; : 102-107, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895658

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study was conducted to identify the association between sleep duration and suicidal ideation among farmers in Korea. @*Methods@#We used Safety for Agricultural Injuries of Farmers cohort data collected from September 2015 to June 2018, which was an agricultural survey on the health and behaviors of adult farmers in Jeju island, Korea. @*Results@#A total of 964 participants were included in the analysis, and 3.7% of them were identified with having suicidal ideation. The frequencies of average daily sleep duration of 8 h (long sleep) were 24.4%, 70%, and 5.6%, respectively. Multivariate analyses revealed that short sleep duration was significantly associated with suicidal ideation compared with normal sleep duration (odds ratio = 2.49, 95% confidence interval = 1.07–5.77). @*Conclusion@#Our findings suggest that short sleep duration in farmers result in higher suicidal ideation. Because individuals who have suicidal ideation often commit suicide, careful monitoring is required to prevent suicide in farmers with short sleep duration.

6.
Safety and Health at Work ; : 102-107, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903362

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study was conducted to identify the association between sleep duration and suicidal ideation among farmers in Korea. @*Methods@#We used Safety for Agricultural Injuries of Farmers cohort data collected from September 2015 to June 2018, which was an agricultural survey on the health and behaviors of adult farmers in Jeju island, Korea. @*Results@#A total of 964 participants were included in the analysis, and 3.7% of them were identified with having suicidal ideation. The frequencies of average daily sleep duration of 8 h (long sleep) were 24.4%, 70%, and 5.6%, respectively. Multivariate analyses revealed that short sleep duration was significantly associated with suicidal ideation compared with normal sleep duration (odds ratio = 2.49, 95% confidence interval = 1.07–5.77). @*Conclusion@#Our findings suggest that short sleep duration in farmers result in higher suicidal ideation. Because individuals who have suicidal ideation often commit suicide, careful monitoring is required to prevent suicide in farmers with short sleep duration.

7.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 277-280, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901202

ABSTRACT

Arachnoid web is a very rare disease that occurs when the normal flow of cerebrospinal fluid is disturbed due to abnormal formation of the arachnoid membrane in the arachnoid space. Consequently, symptoms appear in the form of various myelopathies, such as loss of strength and sensation in the upper and lower extremities, or bladder control disorders. In general, surgical treatment can be considered if symptoms are exhibited. Arachnoid web requires a high consideration of appropriate diagnosis and treatment methods. However, due to its extremely rare occurrence in actual clinical practice, it is difficult to differentiate from other diseases such as herniated intervertebral disc or subdural tumor causing spinal myelopathy. This would effectively lead to a completely different direction of treatment. To date, there have been no case reports of Arachnoid web in Korea, except for collecting and reporting the focal anterior displacement of the thoracic spine, which is a similar lesion in the spinal cord. This article therefore provides information through case reports and literature review.

8.
Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine ; (4): 94-102, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897534

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to determine whether there is a difference in mortality and medical resource utilization between geriatric (aged ≥65 years) and super-geriatric patients (aged ≥80 years) with traumatic brain injury (TBI). @*Methods@#We obtained comprehensive data (demographics, injury characteristics, injury severities, and outcomes) of geriatric and super-geriatric TBI patients from an emergency department-based injury surveillance system database from 2011 to 2016. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to compare the mortality and nonroutine discharge (NRDC) status between both groups. @*Results@#Among 442,533 TBI patients, 48,624 were older than 65 years. A total of 48,446 patients (37,140 geriatric and 11,306 super-geriatric) without exclusion criteria were included in the final analysis. Both overall in-hospital mortality (adjusted odds ratio, 1.88; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.28 to 2.74; P=0.001) and NRDC (adjusted odds ratio, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.07 to 1.71; P=0.011) were significantly higher in the super-geriatric group. In the stratified analysis, there were no significant differences in NRDC rate for all stratifications of treatment timing (emergency department vs. ward admission), but mortality remained to be significant for all stratifications. @*Conclusion@#Super-geriatric TBI patients showed a significantly higher risk-adjusted overall mortality and more inadequate medical resource utilization than did geriatric TBI patients. However, super-geriatric patients were more likely to undergo NRDC after admission; thus, further research about age-related health inequalities is needed in the treatment of super-geriatric patients.

9.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 120-131, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758456

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the interpersonal violence (IPV) epidemiology and mortality according to the violence victim-perpetrator relationships. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was done using the comprehensive data of the emergency department (ED)-based Jeju Injury Surveillance System from all EDs in Jeju Island. The demographic characteristics of the victims, the types of perpetrators (spouse, family members, acquaintance, and stranger), injury characteristics and clinical outcomes from the injury were collected. The IPV epidemiology was reported by descriptive statistics. Multivariate Poisson regression was used to analyze the association between the mortality and violence victim-perpetrator relationships. RESULTS: Among the 23,508 violent injury patients enrolled from January 1, 2008, and December 31 of 2016, 19,879 (84.6%) were analyzed; 16 (0.08%) died at the ED. The types of perpetrators were the spouse (10.1%), family members (3.9%), acquaintances (43.4%), and strangers (42.7%). The mortality of the violence victims was increased significantly by the spouse (incidence rate ratio [IRR], 6.336; P=0.043) or family members (IRR, 11.089; P=0.016) compared to strangers. On the other hand, there was no difference between the acquaintances and strangers. CONCLUSION: The epidemiology and mortality of IPV were associated with the violence victim-perpetrator relationships. Therefore, it is necessary to develop and apply prevention programs considering these differences, particularly for intimidate/ family violence because of its high fatality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Domestic Violence , Emergency Service, Hospital , Epidemiology , Friends , Hand , Interpersonal Relations , Mortality , Retrospective Studies , Spouses , Violence
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