Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 46
Filter
1.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 164-174, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898981

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#In this trial, we investigated the efficacy and safety of adjuvant letrozole for hormone receptor (HR)-positive breast cancer. Here, we report the clinical outcome in postmenopausal women with HR-positive breast cancer treated with adjuvant letrozole according to estrogen receptor (ER) expression levels. @*Methods@#In this multi-institutional, open-label, observational study, postmenopausal patients with HR-positive breast cancer received adjuvant letrozole (2.5 mg/daily) for 5 years unless they experienced disease progression or unacceptable toxicity or withdrew their consent. The patients were stratified into the following 3 groups according to ER expression levels using a modified Allred score (AS): low, intermediate, and high (AS 3–4, 5–6, and 7–8, respectively). ER expression was centrally reviewed. The primary objective was the 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate. @*Results@#Between April 25, 2010, and February 5, 2014, 440 patients were enrolled. With a median follow-up of 62.0 months, the 5-year DFS rate in all patients was 94.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 91.8–96.6). The 5-year DFS and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates did not differ according to ER expression; the 5-year DFS rates were 94.3% and 94.1%in the low-to-intermediate and high expression groups, respectively (p = 0.6), and the corresponding 5-year RFS rates were 95.7% and 95.4%, respectively (p = 0.7). Furthermore, 25 patients discontinued letrozole because of drug toxicity. @*Conclusion@#Treatment with adjuvant letrozole showed very favorable treatment outcomes and good tolerability among Korean postmenopausal women with ER-positive breast cancer, independent of ER expression.

2.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 164-174, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891277

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#In this trial, we investigated the efficacy and safety of adjuvant letrozole for hormone receptor (HR)-positive breast cancer. Here, we report the clinical outcome in postmenopausal women with HR-positive breast cancer treated with adjuvant letrozole according to estrogen receptor (ER) expression levels. @*Methods@#In this multi-institutional, open-label, observational study, postmenopausal patients with HR-positive breast cancer received adjuvant letrozole (2.5 mg/daily) for 5 years unless they experienced disease progression or unacceptable toxicity or withdrew their consent. The patients were stratified into the following 3 groups according to ER expression levels using a modified Allred score (AS): low, intermediate, and high (AS 3–4, 5–6, and 7–8, respectively). ER expression was centrally reviewed. The primary objective was the 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate. @*Results@#Between April 25, 2010, and February 5, 2014, 440 patients were enrolled. With a median follow-up of 62.0 months, the 5-year DFS rate in all patients was 94.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 91.8–96.6). The 5-year DFS and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates did not differ according to ER expression; the 5-year DFS rates were 94.3% and 94.1%in the low-to-intermediate and high expression groups, respectively (p = 0.6), and the corresponding 5-year RFS rates were 95.7% and 95.4%, respectively (p = 0.7). Furthermore, 25 patients discontinued letrozole because of drug toxicity. @*Conclusion@#Treatment with adjuvant letrozole showed very favorable treatment outcomes and good tolerability among Korean postmenopausal women with ER-positive breast cancer, independent of ER expression.

3.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 182-189, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714862

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: There are few reports from Asian countries about the long-term results of aromatase inhibitor adjuvant treatment for breast cancer. This observational study aimed to evaluate the long-term effects of letrozole in postmenopausal Korean women with operable breast cancer. METHODS: Self-reported quality of life (QoL) scores were serially assessed for 3 years during adjuvant letrozole treatment using the Korean version of the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast questionnaires (version 3). Changes in bone mineral density (BMD) and serum cholesterol levels were also examined. RESULTS: All 897 patients received the documented informed consent form and completed a baseline questionnaire before treatment. Adjuvant chemotherapy was administered to 684 (76.3%) subjects, and 410 (45.7%) and 396 (44.1%) patients had stage I and II breast cancer, respectively. Each patient completed questionnaires at 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 months after enrollment. Of 897 patients, 749 (83.5%) completed the study. The dropout rate was 16.5%. The serial trial outcome index, the sum of the physical and functional well-being subscales, increased gradually and significantly from baseline during letrozole treatment (p<0.001). The mean serum cholesterol level increased significantly from 199 to 205 after 36 months (p=0.042). The mean BMD significantly decreased from −0.39 at baseline to −0.87 after 36 months (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: QoL gradually improved during letrozole treatment. BMD and serum cholesterol level changes were similar to those in Western countries, indicating that adjuvant letrozole treatment is well tolerated in Korean women, with minimal ethnic variation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Aromatase , Asian People , Bone Density , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Cholesterol , Consent Forms , Observational Study , Quality of Life
4.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 176-182, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-207531

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Intraoperative frozen-section analysis of the lumpect-omy margin during breast-conserving surgery (BCS) is an excellent method in obtaining a clear resection margin. This study aimed to investigate the usefulness of intraoperative circumferential frozen-section analysis (IOCFS) of lumpectomy margin during BCS for breast cancer, and to find factors that increase the conversion into mastectomy. METHODS: From 2007 to 2011, 509 patients with breast cancer underwent IOCFS during BCS. The outer surfaces of the shaved lumpectomy margins were evaluated. A negative margin was defined as no ink on the tumor. All margins were evaluated using the permanent section analysis. RESULTS: Among the 509 patients, 437 (85.9%) underwent BCS and 72 (14.1%) finally underwent mastectomy. Of the 483 pathologically confirmed patients, 338 (70.0%) were true-negative, 24 (5.0%) false-negative, 120 (24.8%) true-positive, and 1 (0.2%) false-positive. Twenty-four patients (4.7%) among total 509 patients had undetermined margins as either atypical ductal hyperplasia or ductal carcinoma in situ in the first IOCFS. The IOCFS has an accuracy of 94.8% with 83% sensitivity, 99.7% specificity, 93.4% negative predictive value, and 99.2% positive predictive value. Sixty-three cases (12.4%) were converted to mastectomy, the first intraoperatively. Of the 446 (87.6%) patients who successfully underwent BCS, 64 patients received additional excisions and 32 were reoperated to achieve clear margin (reoperation rate, 6.3%). Twenty-three of the reoperated patients underwent re-excisions using the second intraoperative frozen section analysis, and achieved BCS. Nine cases were additionally converted to mastectomy. No significant differences in age, stage, and biological factors were found between the BCS and mastectomy cases. Factors such as invasive lobular carcinoma, multiple tumors, large tumor, and multiple excisions increased the conversion to mastectomy. CONCLUSION: The IOCFS analysis during BCS is useful in evaluating lumpectomy margins and preventing reoperation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biological Factors , Breast Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Carcinoma, Lobular , Frozen Sections , Hyperplasia , Ink , Mastectomy , Mastectomy, Segmental , Methods , Reoperation , Sensitivity and Specificity
5.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 57-60, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-186615

ABSTRACT

Primary osteosarcomas of the breast are extremely uncommon. Here we describe a case of a 77-year-old woman who presented with a hard mass on her right breast. Mammography and breast ultrasound demonstrated a round-shaped calcified mass on the right breast but the features were not definitely diagnostic. For diagnostic purposes, an excisional biopsy was performed and the mass proved to be a primary osteosarcoma of the breast by pathologic findings. PET-CT and whole body bone scan showed neither evidence of metastasis nor underlying bone lesions. Wide excision without axillary lymph node dissection was performed after diagnosis. Further treatment such as adjuvant chemotherapy or radiation therapy was not performed. We discuss proper treatment of this rare type of breast cancer.

6.
Journal of Biomedical Research ; : 145-153, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-52967

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the urinary tract toxicity of melamine alone or in combination with cyanuric acid in rats. Male rats were orally administered melamine alone (800 mg/kg) or melamine plus cyanuric acid (50 mg/kg each) for 3 consecutive days. Although melamine treatment did not show any significant difference in body weight, kidney or urinary bladder weight, serum blood urea nitrogen (BUN) or creatinine levels, it caused a decrease in urinary pH and mild histopathological alterations in the kidney and urinary bladder. In contrast, co-administration of melamine and cyanuric acid induced a decrease in body weight, an increase in kidneys and urinary bladder weights, and an elevation in serum BUN and creatinine levels, which were not observed in animals treated with melamine alone. Histopathological examination showed that the incidence and severity of histopathological lesions in the kidney and urinary bladder were much higher than those in the melamine group. Urinalysis revealed an increase in urine occult blood, leukocytes and protein and a decrease in urinary pH. These results indicate that concomitant administration of cyanuric acid synergistically potentiated the urinary tract toxicity induced by melamine in rats. In this study, we first demonstrated the synergistic toxic effects of melamine in combination with cyanuric acid on urinary bladder and urinalysis in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Body Weight , Calculi , Creatinine , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Incidence , Kidney , Leukocytes , Occult Blood , Triazines , Urinalysis , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Tract , Urine , Weights and Measures
7.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 393-400, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56440

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Breast cancer is one of the most frequent malignancies in Korean women, and its incidence is increasing at a rapid rate. Since 1996, the Korean Breast Cancer Society has collected nationwide breast cancer data using an online registration program and analyzed the data biennial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of Korean breast cancer and to analyze changes in these characteristics over the period of time. METHODS: Data were collected from 41 medical schools (74 hospitals), 24 general hospitals, and 6 private clinics. Data on the total number, gender, and age of newly-diagnosed breast cancer patients were collected through a questionnaire. Additional data were collected and analyzed from the online database. RESULTS: In 2010, 16,398 patients in Korea were newly diagnosed with breast cancer. The crude incidence rate of female breast cancer was 67.2 cases per 100,000, and the median age at diagnosis was 49 years. The incidence of breast cancer was highest in patients aged between 40 and 49 years. Since 1996, there has been a significant increase in the proportion of early-stage cancers (detected in stage 1 or 2), the percentage of estrogen receptor-positive cancers, and in the proportion of patients receiving breast-conserving surgery. CONCLUSION: The incidence and clinical characteristics of Korean breast cancer are slowly changing to the patterns of Western countries. To understand changing patterns in the characteristics of Korean breast cancer, the nationwide data should be continuously analyzed.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Estrogens , Hospitals, General , Incidence , Korea , Schools, Medical , Surveys and Questionnaires
8.
Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions ; : 5-2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-202635

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Licensure
9.
The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics ; : 158-165, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-122423

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The objective of the present study was to histologically evaluate durability and bone regeneration capacity of new synthetic membranes in comparison to clinically available collagen membrane. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To the skulls of 12 rabbits, we created 4 bone defects of 6 mm in diameter on each of them. Each of defects were covered with at least one of 5 membranes: No membrane, Collagen (Ossix(TM)), PLGA, HA-coated-PLGA and HA-PLGA/PLGA. After 4, 8, 12 weeks, we cut the skulls and dyed with H-E. And then, the histologic observation was done. RESULTS: In current study, the control group which did not use the membrane showed bone regeneration at 12 weeks and covered the bone defect partially. New bones were formed through the underneath of endocranium, and the upper defect was filled with connective tissues and fats. Collagen membrane (Ossix(TM)) showed new bones after 4 weeks, and they were formed through the membrane which maintained until 12 weeks. PLGA, HA-coated-PLGA, HA-PLGA/PLGA showed bone regeneration after 4 weeks and after 8 weeks, they mostly filled defects. At 12 weeks, we could find new bones and previous bones almost look alike and also, they united well. Membranes were unnoticeable after 4 weeks and were absorbed. CONCLUSION: Bone formation and maturation of PLGA, HA-coated-PLGA and HA-PLGA/PLGA were faster than the control group. They showed no difference on the application of HA and after 4 weeks, they were absorbed.


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Bone Regeneration , Collagen , Connective Tissue , Fats , Hyaluronic Acid , Lactic Acid , Membranes , Osteogenesis , Polyglycolic Acid , Skull
10.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 275-280, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-224921

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to evaluate the outcome of central lumpectomy for breast conservation including nipple-areolar resection and postoperative radiation therapy in patients with central breast cancers. METHODS: 19 patients with central breast cancers, aged 39 to 72 years, operated on from May 2004 to March 2010 were identified. Recurrence, survival, and cosmesis were analyzed. Treatment was undertaken as complete excision of the nipple-areolar complex (NAC), followed by external radiation to the whole breast and tumor bed. The mean follow-up period was 37.9 (1 to 71) months. RESULTS: At pathology, 13 had invasive ductal carcinoma; 5 had ductal carcinoma in situ. 1 had neuroendocrine cancer. Only 1 had atypical ductal hyperplasia at resection margin; the remaining 18 were free margins. The mean tumor size was 1.6 cm (range, 0.8~4 cm) and the distance from the nipple was 0~1 cm. 37.5% had positive axillary nodes. Adjuvant chemotherapy was given for 12 patients, followed by radiation therapy. All 15 patients, who were hormone receptor positive, were given tamoxifen or aromatase inhibitors. With a mean follow up of 37.9 months, all 19 patients are alive and free of disease. Cosmetic results ranged from good to excellent in 18 (94.7%) patients, as judged by both the patients and the surgeons. CONCLUSION: Although this study needs further evaluation and long-term follow up, subareolar or central breast cancers can be successfully treated with breast conserving therapy using nipple-areolar resection and postoperative radiation therapy, along with acceptable cosmesis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Aromatase Inhibitors , Breast , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Cosmetics , Follow-Up Studies , Hyperplasia , Mastectomy, Segmental , Nipples , Recurrence , Tamoxifen
11.
Korean Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; : 74-78, 2009.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-145360

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: There has been a rapid rise in the incidence of thyroid cancer, particularly papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC). However, there is a lack of consensus of treatment guidelines or follow-up strategies. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 606 patients who underwent operation due to thyroid cancer from March 2000 to December 2008 was conducted. Of these patients, 587 with pure papillary carcinomas were studied, of whom 392 (67%) presented with PTMC. RESULTS: Only 23% of patients were symptomatic, but 75% of patients were positive using the imaging techniques ultrasonography or positron emission tomography. When the microcarcinoma patient group (G1) was compared with the group of remaining patients (G2), less aggressive operations were chosen for G1. A lobectomy was performed in 63.8% of G1 versus in 14% of G2, and the central compartment neck dissection was omitted in 30% of G1 versus 16% of G2. During the follow-up period (mean 37.9±25.2 months), there were 11 recurrences. Two patients developed contralateral cancers 42 and 49 months after lobectomy. One patient had recurrences on central compartment lymph nodes 34 months post-operatively. Eight patients had lateral neck lymph nodes metastases 13~52 months postoperatively. Three of these eight patients had concomitant central neck lymph node metastases. CONCLUSION: Less aggressive treatments can be chosen for PTMC patients compared to non-PTMC patients. To clarify these results, longer follow up and larger and multi-institutional data are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Papillary , Consensus , Follow-Up Studies , Incidence , Lymph Nodes , Neck , Neck Dissection , Neoplasm Metastasis , Positron-Emission Tomography , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Ultrasonography
12.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 180-186, 2008.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-97018

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Screening for breast cancer has constantly been increasing since the benefit of screening for breast cancers was established. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of annual breast cancer screening at one institution for 10 years by conducting a medical audit. METHODS: From March 1995 to July 2004, we performed 110,588 annual clinical examinations and mammographies on 58,024 women, who wanted to undergo breast cancer screening. Two hundred fourteen breast cancers were detected during screening, and one hundred sixty one of these patients were operated on. We then compared these results with the ideal rates for medical audits. RESULTS: Of the 110,588 cases that were screened, the recall rate for further examination was 12.1% (n=13,423). The biopsy rate was 1.01% (n=1,116). Two hundred fourteen breast cancers were detected for a detection rate of 0.19%. The percent of stage 0 cancer among all the cancer was 23.6%, stage I was 40.4%, stage IIa was 19.9%, stage IIb and IIIa were a combined 6.2%, stage IIIc was 3.1%, and stage IV was 0.6%. The positive predictive value (PPV) based on the abnormal findings on the screening examinations was 1.6% (PPV1). The PPV when a biopsy or surgical consultation was recommended was 15.1% (PPV2). The percent of tumor found as stage 0 or I was 64% (103/161). The tumor found as minimal cancer (stage 0 or tumor lesser than 1 cm) was 38.5% (62/161). There were 38 cases of axillary lymph node metastasis (23.6%). The number of cases of cancers found per 1,000 cases was 1.7. The prevalence of cancer found per 1,000 first examinations was 2.3. The incidental cancer found per 1,000 follow-up examinations was 1.2. The recall rate for further evaluation was 12.1%. These results were compatible with the ideal rates for medical audits, except for the recall rate, the PPV1, the PPV2, and the cancers found per 1,000 cases. CONCLUSION: On the base of these results, breast cancer screening was properly performed in this institution. Breast cancer screening using a clinical examination and a mammography is effective for the early detection of breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Biopsy , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Follow-Up Studies , Lymph Nodes , Mammography , Mass Screening , Medical Audit , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prevalence
13.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 174-177, 2006.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71137

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (GM) is an uncommon breast disease that mimics carcinoma in terms of the clinical and radiological findings. Its unknown etiology makes the management difficult. Although surgical excision with or without steroid therapy has been the mainstay of the treatment, the efficacy of this treatment has been inconsistent. This study was performed to evaluate the diagnostic methods and the treatment outcomes. METHODS: This retrospective study included 31 patients with the diagnosis of GM and 4 patients had bilateral disease. They were found from the database of the pathology laboratory at Cheil General Hospital between January 1999 and December 2004. We reviewed the clinical, radiological, and pathological information, and we finally evaluated the treatment outcomes according to the surgical and medical treatments. RESULTS: The mean age at diagnosis was 34.2 years (range: 27~57). All the patients were parous except one, and 82% of patients were within 5 years from their last delivery. Four patients had bilateral involvement. Only three patients used oral contraceptives and 54% of patients had a history of breast feeding. Most patients (91%) presented with mass and the remainder (9%) presented with fistula. The confirmative diagnosis was made by FNAB (fine needle aspiration biopsy), debridement, CNB (core needle biopsy) or excision. Surgical excision or debridement was successful in 13 cases (39.4%) of 33 cases. Anti-tuberculosis medications were successful in 85% (11/13). Steroid treatment was successful in only two patients (29%). CONCLUSION: Surgical excision provided not only the definite diagnosis, but also treatment of GM for the cases in which a clear surgical margin was obtained. Anti-tuberculosis medication can be considered if fistula or abscess is intractable after excision, even with failure to identify tuberculosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abscess , Breast Diseases , Breast Feeding , Contraceptives, Oral , Debridement , Diagnosis , Fistula , Granulomatous Mastitis , Hospitals, General , Needles , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tuberculosis
14.
Korean Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; : 6-11, 2006.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-218176

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The management of nondiagnostic fine-needle as-piration biopsy (FNAB) of thyroid nodules has not been determined because the significance of persistent nondiagnostic FNAB has been underestimated. The purposes of the present study were to estimate the likelihood of malignancy in patients with nondiagnostic FNAB results and to evaluate whether tumor factors could affect the nondiagnostic FNAB results. METHODS: 2,400 FNABs were performed for thyroid nodules at our institution from 2001 to 2005. A total 294 patients who had initial nondiagnostic results were the subjects of this study. We retrospectively reviewed the age, gender, tumor size, the sonographic findings, the FNAB results and the pathologic reports. RESULTS: The initial nondiagnostic rate was 12.3% (294/2,400). Among the 294 initial nondiagnosted patients, FNAB was secondarily performed in only 99 patients. Seventy patients (70.7%) were diagnostic and 29 (29.3%) remained nondiagnosed. Twenty of seventy diagnosed patients had malignant FNAB results, including atypical cells, and the other 50 patients were benign. The causes of nondiagnostic FNAB results by pathologic descriptions were 43.1%: scanty cellularity, 29.2%: blood, 13.2%: fluid or colloid, 11.1%: inconclusive, and 3.5%: dry artifact. There are no differences in the nondiagnostic rate according to tumor size (P=0.2) and calcification (P=0.7). When the sonographic results could predict the pathologic results, no difference was noted according to the sonographic findings that determined malignancy (P=0.4). Ten percent of the initial nondiagnostic FNAB results were finally reported as malignancy. CONCLUSION: Scanty cellularity and blood aspiration were the major causes of nondiagnostic FNAB results (43.1% and 29.2%, respectively). Tumor characteristics such as tumor size, the presence of calcification and sonographic findings did not predict nondiagnostic FNAB results. Reaspiration biopsy for the initially nondiagnostic FNAB in the thyroid nodules had a high probability of achieving a nondiagnositc result. Because nondiagnostic FNAB of the thyroid nodules may be associated with a relatively high probability of thyroid malignancy, a nondiagnostic FNAB should not be considered as benign. So, if reaspiration biopsy is nondiagnostic, it should be the subject of concern or the patient might be considered for surgery with taking into account the other characteristics, in particularily malignant sonographic findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artifacts , Biopsy , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Colloids , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography
15.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 97-106, 2005.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-27159

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to investigate the prognostic value of HER2 in breast cancer patients. METHODS: A total of 100 consecutive formalin-fixed, paraffin- embedded sections of invasive ductal carcinomas were evaluated by immunohistochemical staining (IHC) and a fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay for HER2. The cases of 0/1+ IHC were regarded as negative and 3+ as positive. Among the 100 cases tested by IHC, the 2+ cases were confirmed by FISH. RESULTS: Twenty-seven of 100 cases (27%) were confirmed positive for HER-2, which was significantly correlated with the nuclear grade (NG), ER and PR (P=0.014, P=0.004, and P=0.023, respectively). The mean disease-free survival periods (DFS) and overall survival periods (OS) of the HER-2-positive and -negative patients were 64.6+/-6 months and 82+/-3 months (P=0.0031), and 70+/-6 months and 85+/-2 months, respectively (P=0.0096). Of the 48 axillary lymph node (LN) positive patients, the mean DFS and OS of the HER-2-positive and -negative patients were 46+/-9 months and 80+/-4 months (P=0.0007) and 54+/-9 months and 83+/-4 months, respectively (P= 0.001). In the LN negative patients; however, HER-2 overexpression showed no significant correlation with the prognosis. In a multivariate analysis, DFS was significantly correlated with LN involvement and HER-2 overexpression (P=0.015, and P=0.0396, respectively). However, with regard to the OS. LN involvement and NG were statistically significant (P=0.041, and P=0.0125, respectively). CONCLUSION: This study indicates that HER-2 overexpression may play a useful role as an indicator of poor prognosis in invasive ductal carcinoma of breast, especially in LN positive patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Carcinoma, Ductal , Disease-Free Survival , Fluorescence , In Situ Hybridization , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis
16.
The Journal of the Korean Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology ; : 11-16, 2004.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-55473

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the survival rate, local failure rate and patterns of failure, and analyze the prognostic factors affecting local relapse of ductal carcinoma in situ treated with breast conserving surgery and radiotherapy Materials and Methods: From June 1995 to December 2001, 96 patients with ductal carcinoma in situ treated with breast conserving surgery and radiotherapy were retrospectively analyzed. The operations were either local or wide excision in all patients, with an axillary lymph node dissection performed in some patients. Radiation dose to the whole breast was 50.4 Gy, over 5 weeks, with 1.8 Gy daily fractions, with additional doses (10~14 Gy) administered to the primary tumor bed in some patients with close (< or =2 mm) or positive resection margin. The median follow-up period was 43 months (range 12~102 months). RESULTS: The 5-year local relapse free survival and overall survival rates were 91 and 100% respectively. Local relapse occurred in 6 patients (6.3%). Of the 6 recurrences, one was invasive ductal cell carcinoma. With the exception of one, all patients recurred 2 years after surgery. There was no regional recurrence or distant metastasis. Five patients with local recurrence were salvaged with total mastectomy, and are alive with no evidence of disease. One patient with recurrent invasive ductal cell carcinoma will receive salvage treatment. On analysis of the prognostic factors affecting local relapse, none of the factors among the age, status of resection margin, comedo type and nuclear grade affected local relapse. Operation extent also did not affect local control (p=0.30). In the patients with close resection margin, boost irradiation to the primary tumor bed did not affect local control (p=1.0). CONCLUSIONS: The survival rate and local control of the patients with ductal carcinoma in situ treated with breast conserving surgery and radiotherapy were excellent. Close resection margin and boost irradiation to the primary tumor bed did not affect local relapse, but further follow-up with much more patients is needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast , Carcinoma, Ductal , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Follow-Up Studies , Lymph Node Excision , Mastectomy, Segmental , Mastectomy, Simple , Neoplasm Metastasis , Radiotherapy , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
17.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 122-126, 2004.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-80734

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Ocular flutter is a rare horizontal eye movement disorder characterized by rapid saccadic oscillations. Excessive discharge of burst neurons, and/or loss of tonic excitation of pause cells cause ocular flutter in several neurologic diseases. Ocular flutter can be easily differentiated from other saccadic oscillations with the aid of electro-oculography (EOG) findings showing an absence of intersaccadic intervals. METHODS: We analyzed EOG findings of ocular flutter in four patients. RESULTS: Ocular flutter, which was shown as rapid, repetitive, horizontal, symmetrical, and sinusoidal movements without intersaccadic intervals on EOG, was confirmed in four patients. The etiology of each patient was olivopontocerebellar atrophy (1 case), meningoencephalitis (2 cases), and lithium intoxication (1 case). CONCLUSIONS: Ocular flutter can be present in numerous neurologic diseases. Characteristic EOG findings are useful in the diagnosis of ocular flutter.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diagnosis , Electrooculography , Lithium , Meningoencephalitis , Neurons , Ocular Motility Disorders , Olivopontocerebellar Atrophies , Saccades
18.
Journal of Korean Breast Cancer Society ; : 306-310, 2004.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-78224

ABSTRACT

As a consequence of the incomplete resolution of embryologic mammary ridges, ectopic breast tissue can be present anywhere along the "milk line", including the axillary region. Aberrant breast tissue can develop with any disease that affects the normal breast, including a breast carcinoma. A carcinoma of aberrant breast tissue is rare, but should still be investigated and treated properly with respect to other breast cancers in the embryonic milk-line. Herein is reported our recent experience of a carcinoma originating from aberrant breast tissue in the right axilla. An abnormal nodule around the periphery of the normal breast should be suspected as a breast carcinoma and differential diagnosis and properly treated.


Subject(s)
Axilla , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Carcinoma, Ductal , Diagnosis, Differential
19.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 451-458, 2003.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-186308

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Of the hypothetical models of the carcinogenesis of breast cancer, the horizontal progression is most acceptable at the present time. According to the hypothesis, there are genetically different pathways among pure invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), non-high grade IDC with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), and high grade IDC with DCIS. The purpose of this study is to determine if there is any heterogeneity in biological behavior among these three categories. METHODS: With reversed Black nuclear grade (RBNG) in IDC component and the association of DCIS, we divided 184 breast cancer patients, who had underwent curative operations, into three groups. The patients with pure IDC were included in Group 1, non-high grade (RBNG 1 and 2) IDC with DCIS in Group 2, and high grade (RBNG 3) IDC with DCIS in Group 3. And we retrospectively analyzed and compared three groups with mean age, menopausal status, T stage, N stage, the expression rate of ER, PR, p53, and c-erbB-2, and cumulative metastasis-free survival. RESULTS: The percentage of the postmenopausal patients was significantly smaller in Group 3 (14.0%, P=0.025) than Group 1 and 2 (36.1% and 30.6%). There were significantly higher expression rates of ER and PR in Group 2 with 78.3% and 68.3%, respectively (P=0.000 and P=0.030). The 5-year metastasis- free survival rate were 70.4% in Group 1, 85.2% in Group 3, and 87.5% in Group 2. The Log Rank test in Kaplan-Meier cumulative survival curve showed the statistically significant differences among three groups (P= 0.041). CONCLUSION: We can say that there would be clinical heterogeneity among three groups classified by histopathologic findings. To apply this classification to the multi-disciplinary therapeutic modality of breast cancer, further study using a new biologic marker, which is associated with invasiveness and metastagenicity and can discrminate the three categories of breast cancers in any kind of specimen biopised preoperatively, is needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Carcinogenesis , Carcinoma, Ductal , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Classification , Population Characteristics , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
20.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 289-295, 2003.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36630

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The improved availability of breast cancer screening, including mammography, has dramatically increased the detection rate of DCIS (ductal carcinoma in situ). However, there has been controversy regarding the clinico-pathological characteristics and optimal management of DCIS. This analysis was conducted in order to evaluate the clinico- pathological findings of DCIS, and any possible correlations between the known prognostic factors. METHODS: We analyzed 58 consecutive cases of DCIS, from 1990 to 1995, including data on the annual proportion of DCIS to total breast cancer cases, the clinico-pathological characteristics and the expressions of ER, PR, c-erbB-2 and p53. The median length of follow-up was 98.5 months. RESULTS: The proportion of DCIS was 8.8%, with progressive increases from 1990 to 1995. The mean age at diagnosis was 47.1 years, with the peak of prevalence seen in women aged 40~49 years. The most common presentation was a palpable breast mass in 28 (48.3%) cases, but 18 (31%) patients were asymptomatic. The mammographic findings demonstrated calcification in 75% and mass density in 59.6%. There was only 1 (1.8%) case of a bilateral lesion, and 5 (8.6%) of multifocal or multicentric lesions. Axillary lymph nodes were positive in 5.5% of the patients who underwent an axillary dissection. Breast conserving operations were performed in 8 (13.8%) cases. The frequencies of ER, PR, c-erbB-2 and p53, positivity, by immunohistochemistry were 52, 50, 55.1 and 30.6%, respectively. c-erbB- 2 immunoreactivity was found more often in DCIS with larger size, higher nuclear grade and negative ER and PR (P= 0.011, P=0.001, P=0.002, and P=0.006, respectively). There was a significant association between higher nuclear grade and negative ER and PR, and comedotype (P=0.001, P= 0.000, and 0.008, respectively). Although an invasive ductal carcinoma had developed in 5.4% of the contralateral breasts, there were no cases of systemic relapse, or disease-specific mortality, at the last follow-up.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Carcinoma, Ductal , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Immunohistochemistry , Lymph Nodes , Mammography , Mass Screening , Mortality , Prevalence , Recurrence
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL