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1.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1096-1103, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913815

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Despite curative resection, the 5-year survival for patients with resectable pancreatic cancer is less than 20%. Recurrence occurs both locally and at distant sites and effective multimodality adjuvant treatment is needed. @*Materials and Methods@#Patients with curatively resected stage IB-IIB pancreatic adenocarcinoma were eligible. Treatment consisted of chemotherapy with gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8 and cisplatin 60 mg/m2 on day 1 every 3 weeks for two cycles, followed by chemoradiotherapy (50.4 Gy/28 fx) with weekly gemcitabine (300 mg/m2/wk), and then gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8 every 3 weeks for four cycles. The primary endpoint was 1-year disease-free survival rate. The secondary endpoints were disease-free survival, overall survival, and safety. @*Results@#Seventy-four patients were enrolled. One-year disease-free survival rate was 57.9%. Median disease-free and overall survival were 15.0 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 11.6 to 18.4) and 33.0 months (95% CI, 21.8 to 44.2), respectively. At the median follow-up of 32 months, 57 patients (77.0%) had recurrence including 11 patients whose recurrence was during the adjuvant treatment. Most of the recurrences were systemic (52 patients). Stage at the time of diagnosis (70.0% in IIA, 51.2% in IIB, p=0.006) were significantly related with 1-year disease-free survival rate. Toxicities were generally tolerable, with 53 events of grade 3 or 4 hematologic toxicity and four patients with febrile neutropenia. @*Conclusion@#Adjuvant gemcitabine and cisplatin chemotherapy followed by chemoradiotherapy with gemcitabine and maintenance gemcitabine showed efficacy and good tolerability in curatively resected pancreatic cancer.

2.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 274-281, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-126951

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) after distal pancreatectomy (DP) in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma, and to identify the prognostic factors for these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 62 consecutive patients who underwent curative DP followed by adjuvant CRT between 2000 and 2011. There were 31 men and 31 women, and the median age was 64 years (range, 38 to 80 years). Adjuvant radiotherapy was delivered to the tumor bed and regional lymph nodes with a median dose of 50.4 Gy (range, 40 to 55.8 Gy). All patients received concomitant chemotherapy, and 53 patients (85.5%) also received maintenance chemotherapy. The median follow-up period was 24 months. RESULTS: Forty patients (64.5%) experienced relapse. Isolated locoregional recurrence developed in 5 patients (8.1%) and distant metastasis in 35 patients (56.5%), of whom 13 had both locoregional recurrence and distant metastasis. The median overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were 37.5 months and 15.4 months, respectively. On multivariate analysis, splenic artery (SA) invasion (p=0.0186) and resection margin (RM) involvement (p=0.0004) were identified as significant adverse prognosticators for DFS. Also, male gender (p=0.0325) and RM involvement (p=0.0007) were associated with a significantly poor OS. Grade 3 or higher hematologic and gastrointestinal toxicities occurred in 22.6% and 4.8% of patients, respectively. CONCLUSION: Adjuvant CRT may improve survival after DP for pancreatic body or tail adenocarcinoma. Our results indicated that SA invasion was a significant factor predicting inferior DFS, as was RM involvement. When SA invasion is identified preoperatively, neoadjuvant treatment may be considered.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adenocarcinoma , Chemoradiotherapy, Adjuvant , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Lymph Nodes , Maintenance Chemotherapy , Multivariate Analysis , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pancreatectomy , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Splenic Artery
3.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 36-41, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-80671

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the incidence and risk factors of post-treatment intracranial hemorrhage of brain metastases from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 81 patients who have been diagnosed of brain metastases from HCC and underwent surgery, radiosurgery and/or whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) between January 2000 and December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Intracranial hemorrhage was present in 64 patients (79%) at the time of diagnosis. Median value of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level was 1,700 ng/mL. The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status for 20 patients was greater than 2. Fifty-seven patients underwent WBRT and the others were treated with surgery and/or radiosurgery without WBRT. During follow-up, 12 events of intracranial hemorrhage after treatment were identified. Three-month post-treatment hemorrhage rate was 16.1%. Multivariate analyses revealed that ECOG performance status, AFP, and WBRT were associated with post-treatment hemorrhage (p = 0.013, 0.013, and 0.003, respectively). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that 3-month post-treatment hemorrhage rate of new lesion was higher in patients treated without WBRT, although statistical significance was not reached. (18.6% vs. 4.6%; p = 0.104). Ten of 12 patients with post-treatment hemorrhage died with neurologic cause. CONCLUSION: WBRT should be considered to prevent post-treatment hemorrhage in the treatment of brain metastases from HCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , alpha-Fetoproteins , Brain , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Hemorrhage , Incidence , Intracranial Hemorrhages , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Radiosurgery , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
4.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1094-1101, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-208222

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to evaluate treatment patterns, outcome and prognosticators for patients with leptomeningeal metastases from solid tumor. Medical records of 80 patients from January 1, 2004 to May 31, 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Most frequent site of origin was the lung (59%) followed by the breast (25%). Most patients were treated with intrathecal chemotherapy (90%) and/or whole brain radiotherapy (67.5%). Systemic therapy was offered to 27 patients (33.8%). Percentage of patients treated with single, dual, and triple modality were 32.5%, 43.8%, and 23.8%, respectively. Median survival was 2.7 months and 1 yr survival rate was 11.3%. Multivariate analysis showed that negative cerebrospinal fluid cytology, fewer chemotherapy regimen prior to leptomeningeal metastases, whole brain radiotherapy, systemic therapy, and combined modality treatment (median survival; single 1.4 vs. dual 2.8 vs. triple 8.3 months, P<0.001) had statistical significance on survival. Subgroup analysis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients showed that targeted therapy had significant independent impact on survival (median survival; 10.5 vs. 3.0 months, P=0.008). Unlike previous reports, survival of patients with NSCLC primary was comparable to breast primary. Furthermore, combined modality treatment for all patients and additionally targeted therapy for NSCLC patients should be considered in the treatment of leptomeningeal metastases from solid tumor.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Chemoradiotherapy/methods , Disease-Free Survival , Meningeal Neoplasms/mortality , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/mortality , Prevalence , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
5.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 1-6, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-178913

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcome of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) patients who underwent surgery followed by radiation therapy (RT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 106 DCIS patients who underwent surgery followed by postoperative RT between 1994 and 2006. Ninety-four patients underwent breast-conserving surgery, and mastectomy was performed in 12 patients due to extensive DCIS. Postoperative RT was delivered to whole breast with 50.4 Gy/28 fx. Tumor bed boost was offered to 7 patients (6.6%). Patients with hormonal receptor-positive tumors were treated with hormonal therapy. RESULTS: The median follow-up duration was 83.4 months (range, 33.4 to 191.5 months) and the median age was 47.8 years. Ten patients (9.4%) had resection margin or =1 mm) was the significant prognostic factor for IBTR in univariate and multivariate analyses (p < 0.001 and p = 0.016, respectively). CONCLUSION: Postoperative RT for DCIS can achieve favorable treatment outcome. Resection margin was the important prognostic factor for IBTR in the DCIS patients who underwent postoperative RT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Ductal , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Estrogens , Follow-Up Studies , Mastectomy , Mastectomy, Segmental , Multivariate Analysis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
6.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 247-255, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71131

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To determine whether neoadjuvant androgen deprivation therapy (NADT) improves clinical outcomes in patients with prostate cancer treated with definitive radiotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 201 patients with prostate cancer treated with radiotherapy between January 1991 and December 2008. Of these, 156 patients with more than 3 years of follow-up were the subjects of this study. The median duration of follow-up was 91.2 months. NADT was given in 103 patients (66%) with median duration of 3.3 months (range, 1.0 to 7.7 months). Radiation dose was escalated gradually from 64 Gy to 81 Gy using intensity-modulated radiotherapy technique. RESULTS: Biochemical relapse-free survival (BCRFS) and overall survival (OS) of all patients were 72.6% and 90.7% at 5 years, respectively. BCRFS and OS of NADT group were 79.5% and 89.8% at 5 years and those of radiotherapy alone group were 58.8% and 92.3% at 5 years, respectively. Risk group (p = 0.010) and radiation dose > or =70 Gy (p = 0.017) affected BCRFS independently. NADT was a significant prognostic factor in univariate analysis, but not in multivariate analysis (p = 0.073). Radiation dose > or =70 Gy was only an independent factor for OS (p = 0.007; hazard ratio, 0.261; 95% confidence interval, 0.071-0.963). CONCLUSION: NADT prior to definitive radiotherapy did not result in significant benefit in terms of BCRFS and OS. NADT should not be performed routinely in the era of dose-escalated radiotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Follow-Up Studies , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Prostatic Neoplasms , Radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Retrospective Studies
7.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 148-157, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-106247

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was designed to evaluate the impact of radiochemotherapeutic sequence and time to initiation of adjuvant treatment on loco-regional control for resected stage II and III rectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Treatment outcomes for rectal cancer patients from two hospitals with different sequencing strategies regarding adjuvant concurrent radiochemotherapy (CRCT) were compared retrospectively. Pelvic radiotherapy was administered concurrently on the first (early CRCT, n=180) or the third cycle of chemotherapy (late CRCT, n=180). During radiotherapy, two cycles of fluorouracil were provided to patients in both groups. In the early CRCT group, median six cycles of fluorouracil and leucovorin were prescribed during the post-CRCT period. In the late CRCT group, two cycles of fluorouracil were administered in the pre- and post-CRCT periods. RESULTS: No significant differences in the 5-year loco-regional recurrence-free survival (LRRFS) (92.5% vs. 95.6%, p=0.43) or overall survival and disease-free survival were observed between groups. Patients who began receiving adjuvant treatment later than five weeks after surgery had lower LRRFS than patients who received adjuvant treatment within five weeks following surgery (79% vs. 91%, p<0.01). The risk of loco-regional recurrence increased as the time to initiation of adjuvant treatment was delayed. CONCLUSION: In the current study, treatment outcomes were not significantly influenced by the sequence of adjuvant treatment but by the delay of adjuvant treatment for more than five weeks. Timely administration of adjuvant treatment is deemed important in achieving loco-regional tumor control for stage II/III rectal cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemoradiotherapy , Chemoradiotherapy, Adjuvant , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Fluorouracil , Leucovorin , Prognosis , Radiotherapy , Rectal Neoplasms , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
8.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 197-204, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-58445

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To analyze the outcomes of chemoradiotherapy for extrahepatic bile duct (EHBD) cancer patients who underwent R2 resection or bypass surgery and to identify prognostic factors affecting clinical outcomes, especially in terms of molecular biomarkers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 21 patients with EHBD cancer who underwent R2 resection or bypass surgery followed by chemoradiotherapy from May 2001 to June 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. All surgical specimens were re-evaluated by immunohistochemical staining using phosphorylated protein kinase B (pAKT), CD24, matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9), survivin, and beta-catenin antibodies. The relationship between clinical outcomes and immunohistochemical results was investigated. RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 20 months, the actuarial 2-year locoregional progression-free, distant metastasis-free and overall survival were 37%, 56%, and 54%, respectively. On univariate analysis using clinicopathologic factors, there was no significant prognostic factor. In the immunohistochemical staining, cytoplasmic staining, and nuclear staining of pAKT was positive in 10 and 6 patients, respectively. There were positive CD24 in 7 patients, MMP9 in 16 patients, survivin in 8 patients, and beta-catenin in 3 patients. On univariate analysis, there was no significant value of immunohistochemical results for clinical outcomes. CONCLUSION: There was no significant association between clinical outcomes of patients with EHBD cancer who received chemoradiotherapy after R2 resection or bypass surgery and pAKT, CD24, MMP9, survivin, and beta-catenin. Future research is needed on a larger data set or with other molecular biomarkers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies , beta Catenin , Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic , Biomarkers , Chemoradiotherapy , Cytoplasm , Follow-Up Studies , Immunohistochemistry , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Medical Records , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Retrospective Studies
9.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 213-217, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-58443

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate treatment outcome of patients with high risk locally advanced gastric cancer after postoperative chemoradiotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between May 2003 and May 2012, thirteen patients who underwent postoperative chemoradiotherapy for gastric cancer with resection margin involvement or adjacent structure invasion were retrospectively analyzed. Concurrent chemotherapy was administered in 10 patients. Median dose of radiation was 50.4 Gy (range, 45 to 55.8 Gy). RESULTS: The median follow-up duration for surviving patients was 48 months (range, 5 to 108 months). The 5-year overall survival rate was 42% and the 5-year disease-free survival rate was 28%. Major pattern of failure was peritoneal seeding with 46%. Locoregional recurrence was reported in only one patient. Grade 2 or higher gastrointestinal toxicity occurred in 54% of the patients. However, there was only one patient with higher than grade 3 toxicity. CONCLUSION: Despite reported suggested role of adjuvant radiotherapy with combination chemotherapy in gastric cancer, only very small portion of the patients underwent the treatment. Results from this study show that postoperative chemoradiotherapy provided excellent locoregional control with acceptable and manageable treatment related toxicity in patients with high risk locally advanced gastric cancer. Thus, postoperative chemoradiotherapy may improve treatment result in terms of locoregional control in these high risk patients. However, as these findings are based on small series, validation with larger cohort is suggested.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemoradiotherapy , Chemoradiotherapy, Adjuvant , Cohort Studies , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy, Combination , Follow-Up Studies , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Seeds , Stomach Neoplasms , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
10.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 235-239, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-109864

ABSTRACT

Prognostic value of p53 and bcl-2 expression on treatment outcome in breast cancer patients has been extensively evaluated, but the results were inconclusive. We evaluated the prognostic significance of these molecular markers in patients treated with breast conserving surgery and radiotherapy. One hundred patients whose immunostaining of p53 and bcl-2 expression was available among 125 patients who underwent radiotherapy after breast conserving surgery and axillary lymph node dissection were enrolled into this study. Eighty-seven patients also received adjuvant chemotherapy and/or hormonal therapy. Conventional clinicopathologic variables and treatment-related factors were also considered. The 5-yr loco-regional relapse-free and distant metastasis-free survival rates were 91.7% and 90.9%, respectively. On univariate analysis, age, T stage and the absence of bcl-2 & estrogen receptor (ER) expression were associated with loco-regional relapse-free survival. When incorporating these variables into Cox proportional hazard model, only bcl-2(-)/ER(-) phenotype was an adverse prognostic factor (P=0.018). As for the distant metastasis-free survival, age, T stage, and p53 expression were significant on univariate analysis. However, p53 expression was the only prognosticator on multivariate analysis (P=0.009). A bcl-2(-)/ER(-) phenotype and p53 expression are useful molecular markers predicting loco-regional relapse-free and distant metastasis-free survival, respectively, in patients treated with breast conserving surgery and radiotherapy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Combined Modality Therapy , Disease-Free Survival , Mastectomy, Segmental , Multivariate Analysis , Phenotype , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Receptors, Estrogen/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics
11.
The Journal of the Korean Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology ; : 158-166, 2003.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-13188

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To propose a conceptual design of a novel source for intensity modulated brachytherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The source design incorporates both radioactive and shielding materials (stainless steel or tungsten), to provide an asymmetric dose intensity in the azimuthal direction. The intensity modulated intravascular brachytherapy was performed by combining a series of dwell positions and times, distributed along the azimuthal coordinates. Two simple designs for the beta-emitting sources, with similar physical dimensions to a 90Sr/Y Novoste Beat-Cath source, were considered in the dosimetric feasibility study. In the first design, the radioactive and materials each occupy half of the cylinder and in the second, the radioactive material occupies only a quater of the cylinder. The radial and azimuthal dose distributions around each source were calculated using the MCNP Monte Carlo code. RESULTS: The preliminary hypothetical simulation and optimization results demonstrated the 87% difference between the maximum and minimum doses to the lumen wall, due to off-centering of the radiation source, could be reduced to less than 7% by optimizing the azimuthal dwell positions and times of the partially shielded intravascular brachytherapy sources. CONCLUSION: The novel brachytherapy source design, and conceptual source delivery system, proposed in this study show promising dosimetric characteristics for the realization of intensity modulated brachytherapy in intravascular treatment. Further development of this concept will center on building a delivery system that can precisely control the angular motion of a radiation source in a small-diameter catheter.


Subject(s)
Brachytherapy , Catheters , Feasibility Studies , Steel
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