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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495312

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the 3D changes of pharyngeal airway in patients with skeletal Class Ⅲ malocclusion after rapid maxillary expansion(RME)and maxillary protraction.Methods:53 patients underwent orthodontic treatment with Hyrax palatal ex-panders and maxillary protraction.Cone-Beam computed tomography(CBCT)scan was taken before treatment(T0),after 1 6 d RME (T1 )and after about 5 month maxillary protraction(T2).Data were reconstructed into 3D model,sagittal and transversal measure-ments,cross sectional areas,volumes of the pharyngeal airway were computed.Results:After RME,the transversal measurements, cross sectional areas,volumes of nasal passage were increased(P <0.05).After maxillary protraction,the 4 nasopharyngeal measure-ments were increased(P <0.05).Conclusion:RME and maxillary protraction may increase pharyngonasal airway.

2.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 403-407, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294694

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To evaluate the naso-maxillary complex width and pharyngeal airway volume changes after rapid maxillary expansion (RME).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-five patients were selected (18 males, 17 females, mean age, 12.1 ± 1.1 years). All patients underwent orthodontic treatment with Hyrax palatal expanders. Cone-beam CT (CBCT) scan was taken before treatment (T0), 16 days (T1) and three months (T3) after RME. Naso-maxillary complex width and pharyngeal airway volume were measured.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After treatment the width of piriform aperture and maxillary width were significantly increased compared with that before treatment (P < 0.05). Three months after RME, no statistical difference was found in maxillary width compared with that before treatment. The nasopharyngeal volume significantly increased by 29.9% compared with that before treatment (P < 0.05), and the volume remained relatively stable after three months.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>RME resulted in a significant increase in the naso-maxillary complex width and nasopharyngeal volume.</p>


Subject(s)
Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Female , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Male , Maxilla , Diagnostic Imaging , Nose , Diagnostic Imaging , Palatal Expansion Technique , Palate , Diagnostic Imaging , Pharynx , Diagnostic Imaging
3.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 615-618, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294662

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the short-term and long-term effects of pharyngeal airway in mandibular prognathism patients after the combined orthodontic and orthognathic treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The sample included 28 skeletal Class III patients (13 males, 15 females) who had undergone mandibular setback surgery and orthodontic treatment. Cone-beam CT was taken one week before treatment (T0), 6 months (T1) and 3 years after surgery (T2). Raw data were reconstructed into three-dimensional model. Sagittal and transversal measurements, cross sectional areas, partial and total volumes were computed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Six months after surgery, oropharyngeal volume [(9 021 ± 4 263) mm³], hypopharyngeal volume [(9 236 ± 5 963) mm³] and total volume [(28 619 ± 9 854) mm³] decreased significantly (P < 0.05). Three years after surgery, only sagittal diameters [(15.9 ± 3.5) mm] and cross sectional areas [(996 ± 398) mm²] in the first cervical vertebra plane came back to the original levels (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The pharyngeal airway space decreased after orthodontic-orthognathic therapy in the short term and it increased in some areas in the long term.</p>


Subject(s)
Cephalometry , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Female , Humans , Hypopharynx , Diagnostic Imaging , Male , Malocclusion, Angle Class III , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Oropharynx , Diagnostic Imaging , Osteotomy, Le Fort , Osteotomy, Sagittal Split Ramus , Pharynx , Diagnostic Imaging , Time Factors
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322316

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe changes in tongue and hyoid position, and pharyngeal airway in patients with skeletal class III malocclusion after the combined orthodontic and orthognathic treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty patients were involved in this study. Cone beam CT (CBCT) was performed on patients one week before and six months after treatment. Raw data were reconstructed into three-dimensional model. To set up a three-dimensional reference frame, which was based by point "S", the sagittal and transversal measurements, cross sectional areas, partial and total volumes were computed. The three-dimensional position changes of chin, hyoid bone and tongue were measured in order to analyze the amount of mandibular setback relationship with the changes of pharyngeal airway, hyoid bone and tongue positions.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After treatment, the pharyngeal airway was constricted significantly. The hyoid significantly moved inferoposteriorly by 5.72 mm (backward) and 2.76 mm (downward) and the tongue moved posteriorly by 4.04 mm after surgery (P < 0.05). Among the 19 correlated indexes between the amount of mandibular setback and other measurements, 14 of which were significantly correlated (P < 0.05). The strongest correlation was found between the amount of mandibular setback and total volumes of pharyngeal airway (r = 0.834, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Following combination therapy, the pharyngeal airway space decreased, the hyoid moved inferoposteriorly and tongue moved posteriorly. There were great correlations between the amount of mandibular setback and the changes.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Cephalometry , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Humans , Hyoid Bone , Male , Malocclusion, Angle Class III , Mandible , Pharynx , Prognathism , Tongue
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