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Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 255-263, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999183


Diabetic peripheral neuropathy(DPN) is a neurodegenerative disease of diabetes mellitus involving peripheral nervous system damage, which is characterized by axonal degenerative necrosis, Schwann cell apoptosis and demyelination of nerve myelin sheath as the main pathological features, this disease is highly prevalent and is a major cause of disability in diabetic patients. Currently, the pathogenesis of DPN may be related to oxidative stress, inflammatory response, metabolic abnormality, and microcirculation disorder. The treatment of DPN in modern medicine mainly starts from controlling blood glucose, nourishing nerves and improving microcirculation, which can only alleviate the clinical symptoms of patients, and it is difficult to fundamentally improve the pathological damage of peripheral nerves. Mitochondrial quality control refers to the physiological mechanisms that can maintain the morphology and functional homeostasis of mitochondria, including mitochondrial biogenesis, mitochondrial dynamics, mitochondrial oxidative stress and mitochondrial autophagy, and abnormal changes of which may cause damage to peripheral nerves. After reviewing the literature, it was found that traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) can improve the low level of mitochondrial biogenesis in DPN, maintain the balance of mitochondrial dynamics, inhibit mitochondrial oxidative stress and mitochondrial autophagy, and delay apoptosis of Schwann cells and neural axon damage, which has obvious effects on the treatment of DPN. With the deepening of research, mitochondrial quality control may become one of the potential targets for the research of new anti-DPN drugs, therefore, this paper summarized the research progress of TCM in treating DPN based on four aspects of mitochondrial quality control, with the aim of providing a theoretical research basis for the discovery of new drugs.

Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 203-212, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973763


Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is characterized by insidious onset, easy misdiagnosis, and progression to severe consequences such as diabetic foot ulcers, gangrene, and amputation. The main pathological features of DPN are nerve cell injuries, such as axonal degeneration and necrosis, segmental demyelination of nerve fibers, and apoptosis of Schwann cells. The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway is a classical pathway that communicates intracellular and extracellular information and regulates biological activities such as cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, autophagy, and migration. It widely affects various cells related to DPN. In recent years, numerous studies have found that the sustained high glucose environment causes abnormalities in the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. This, in turn, accelerates the occurrence and development of DPN by participating in the pathogenesis of DPN, such as glucose and lipid metabolism, oxidative stress, inflammation, autophagy, apoptosis, and angiogenesis. Therefore, regulating the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway is crucial for the treatment of DPN. Currently, there is a lack of effective measures to slow down or reverse DPN in clinical practice. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has unique advantages in preventing and treating DPN with multiple targets, effects, and components. A large number of animal and clinical studies of TCM treatment of DPN have shown that the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway is an important target for TCM treatment of DPN. Regulating the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway can promote myelin sheath repair and regeneration, delay the process of nerve cell death, and play a role in preventing and treating DPN. However, there is currently no systematic review and summary of this field in China and abroad. Therefore, this article summarized the regulation of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and its role in the pathogenesis of DPN, as well as the intervention of effective components of single Chinese medicine or compounds on the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. This study is expected to provide a reference for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of DPN with TCM, basic research, and drug development.

Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 74-80, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879945


To develop a quality control checklist for the prevention and control of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in fever clinic and isolation ward of the general hospital and to assess its application. Based on the relevant prevention and control plans and technical guidelines for COVID-19,Delphi method was used to identity items for evaluation,and a quality control checklist for the prevention and control of COVID-19 in the fever clinic and isolation ward was developed in Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital. The checklists included 8 dimensions and 32 items for fever clinic,7 dimensions and 27 items for the isolation ward. The appointed inspectors conducted daily quality control for each shift with this checklist. The expert authority coefficient was 0.88,the mean of the importance of each index in the quality control table was not less than 4.8,and the coefficient of variation was not more than 0.07. During the entire February 2020,8 problems were found and rectified on-the-spot with the application of the checklist. Quality inspection rate was 100% in both isolation wards and fever clinic. The compliance rate and accuracy rate of hand hygiene were 100%; the correct rate of wearing and removing protective equipment increased from 96% to 100%. During the same period,a total of 1915 patients were admitted to the fever clinic,including 191 suspected patients (all were isolated in the hospital,3 were confirmed). There were no medical staff infected with COVID-19,no cross infection of patients and their families in the hospital. A quality control checklist for the prevention and control of COVID-19 has been developed and applied in the isolation wards and fever clinic,which plays an important role in preventing nosocomial infection.

Humans , COVID-19 , Checklist , Fever , Hospitals, General , SARS-CoV-2
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1138-1142, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492547


Objective To investigate and analyze the clinical learning environment and professional identity among undergraduate nursing students, and discuss the relationship between two variable, so as to provide basis for ensuring the stability of the nursing staff. Methods 288 undergraduate nursing students who were practicing in Tianjin 3A grade hospital were evaluated using questionnaires about clinical learning environment and professional identity. The correlation analysis was performed between two variable. Besides, multiple regression analysis was used to identify factors that affect the nursing students′ professional identity. Results The total score of 288 nursing students′clinical learning environment and their professional identity was (3.44±0.66) points and (3.65±0.55) points respectively, which were at the middle level. The score of clinical learning environmental was positively correlated with professional identity score (P<0.01). The result of multiple regression analysis showed that professional selectivity had influence on nursing students′ professional identity. With controlling the demographic variables, undergraduate nursing students′ clinical learning environment could explain 58.2% of professional identity. Conclusions Undergraduate nursing students′ clinical learning environment and professional identity are at the middle level. Hospitals should pay more attention to the relationship that clinical learning environment have influence on undergraduate nursing students′professional identity.Measures should be taken to ensure the stability of the high-quality nursing personnel.

Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1-3, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454386


Objective To investigate the level and influencing factors of nurses' professional growth,in order to provide evidence for promoting the satisfaction degree of nurses with their career and reducing nursing turnover rate.Methods A random sample of 526 clinical nurses from 6 third-level and firstclass hospitals in Tianjin were investigated with Career Growth Scale.Resalts The score of chnical nurses' professional growth averages was (2.44±0.53) points.Single factor analysis found that working purpose,the work-ing years and sex affected the total score of career growth and the score of each dimension statistically.Multiple linear regression analysis showed that working purpose was the greatest impact on the degree of the career growth score among influencing factors,followed by the working years and sex.Conclusions Nurses' professional growth is on the average level.All relevant departments should strengthen the construction of professional nurse,improve the promotion and salary system to strengthen the nurses' career growth,in order to enhance the nurse's career satisfaction,reduce the nurse turnover rate.

Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 505-510, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429080


Objective To investigate the mechanism of protective effects of 17-β estradiol on the experimental model of spinal cord injury (SCI) rats.Methods First,the primary astrocytes were cultured and identified.When the third generation astrocytes were cultured,they were induced by H202 whose concentrations were established by the method of 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT).The cells were randomly divided into five groups:control group; the group of treatment with 400 μmol/L H2O2 for 24 hours; the group of treatment with 20 nmol/L estrogen for 2 hours prior to exposure to 400 μmol/L H2O2 for 24 hours; the group of treatment with 20 nmol/L estrogen for 26 hours and the group of treatment with dimethyl sulfoxide for 26 hours.The proteins which were extracted from these cells after treatments with H2O2 for 24 hours were detected by Western blotting.Results The absorbances of the astrocytes of treatments with H2O2 were reduced( q' =-11.45,P =0.001 ).But exposure to estrogen prior to exposure to H2O2 provided partial restoration of the absorbances (q' =7.025,P =0.0025 ).The absorbances of the astrocytes among different groups showed significant differences( F =69.69,P =0.0025 ).The results suggested that estrogen might increase the cell viability in astrocytes.Compared with the group of treatment cells with H2O2,treatment cells with 17-β estradiol prior to H2O2 exposure down-regulated the expressions of both phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 ( PTEN ) ( F =290.003,P =0.001 ) and caspase-3 ( F =46.158,P =0.023 ).And,17-β estradiol treatment of cells increased the levels of p-Akt ( F =49.173,P =0.033 ) and Bcl-2 ( F =115.916,P =0.001 ) when compared with the group of treatment astrocytes with H2O2.Conclusion These findings suggest that the attenuation of PTEN expression mediated by estrogen is associated with an increase in phosphorylation/activation of the Akt and the Bel-2 expressions.These results suggest that the protective effects of 17-β estradiol on the experimental model of SCI rats may depend on the estrogen protection to the astrocytes which may be mediated by decreasing the PTEN expression.