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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796599

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the contamination status of Salmonella, Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Staphylococcus aureus and bacterial resistance in retail meat products in Taiyuan, Shanxi Province.@*Methods@#In the epidemic season of diarrhea in 2017, poultry and meat product specimens were randomly collected from the farmer′s markets and supermarkets of 10 districts and counties of Taiyuan. Salmonella, Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Staphylococcus aureus were isolated form these specimens. Serotypes of Salmonella strains were analyzed. ELSIA was used to detect Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin (A-E). Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolates were tested for the virulence genes encoding direct hemolysin (tdh) and indirect hemolysin (trh). Antibiotic resistance of the three food-borne pathogens were analyzed using microdilution methods.@*Results@#A total of 38 food-borne pathogens were isolated from 123 poultry and livestock meat product specimens with a positive rate of 30.9%, of which mainly were Salmonella (26 strains, 21.1%), followed by Vibrio parahaemolyticus (8 strains, 6.5%) and Staphylococcus aureus (4 strains, 3.3%). The 26 strains of Salmonella belonged to 10 serotypes. The Salmonella strains isolated from pork specimens had diverse serotypes. Salmonella serovar Derby, Salmonella serovar Gold-coast and Salmonella serovar Liverpool were isolated from raw and cooked pork food for the first time in Taiyuan. All Salmonella strains isolated form chicken products were Salmonella enteritis. The enterotoxin types of the four Staphylococcus aureus strains were three E-type and one complex type (A/E). All Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolates were negative for tdh or trh gene. Ampicillin, chloramphenicol, streptomycin, sulphonamides and tetracyclines (ACSSuT) resistance was prevalent in multi-drug resistant (MDR) Salmonella strains, but there was high sensitivity to fluoroquinolones and cephalosporins. MDR Staphylococcus aureus accounted for 75%. No third-generation cephalosporin- or fluoroquinolone-resistant or MDR Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains were isolated.@*Conclusions@#There were food-borne multi-pathogenic bacteria contamination in retail raw and cooked meat products in Taiyuan. Salmonella strains had diverse serotypes and high MDR rate. It was suggested that the regulatory authorities should strengthen the management of antibiotic use in aquaculture and specialized laboratory-based monitoring of meat supply chain.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792030

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the contamination status of Salmonella, Vibrio parahaemo-lyticus and Staphylococcus aureus and bacterial resistance in retail meat products in Taiyuan, Shanxi Prov-ince. Methods In the epidemic season of diarrhea in 2017, poultry and meat product specimens were ran-domly collected from the farmer's markets and supermarkets of 10 districts and counties of Taiyuan. Salmo-nella, Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Staphylococcus aureus were isolated form these specimens. Serotypes of Salmonella strains were analyzed. ELSIA was used to detect Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin (A-E). Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolates were tested for the virulence genes encoding direct hemolysin (tdh) and indirect hemolysin (trh). Antibiotic resistance of the three food-borne pathogens were analyzed using microdilution methods. Results A total of 38 food-borne pathogens were isolated from 123 poultry and livestock meat product specimens with a positive rate of 30. 9% , of which mainly were Salmonella (26 strains, 21. 1% ), followed by Vibrio parahaemolyticus (8 strains, 6. 5% ) and Staphylococcus aureus (4 strains, 3. 3% ). The 26 strains of Salmonella belonged to 10 serotypes. The Salmonella strains isolated from pork specimens had diverse serotypes. Salmonella serovar Derby, Salmonella serovar Gold-coast and Salmonella serovar Liver-pool were isolated from raw and cooked pork food for the first time in Taiyuan. All Salmonella strains isolated form chicken products were Salmonella enteritis. The enterotoxin types of the four Staphylococcus aureus strains were three E-type and one complex type (A/ E). All Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolates were negative for tdh or trh gene. Ampicillin, chloramphenicol, streptomycin, sulphonamides and tetracyclines (ACSSuT) resistance was prevalent in multi-drug resistant (MDR) Salmonella strains, but there was high sensitivity to fluoroquinolones and cephalosporins. MDR Staphylococcus aureus accounted for 75% . No third-generation cephalosporin- or fluoroquinolone-resistant or MDR Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains were isolated. Conclu-sions There were food-borne multi-pathogenic bacteria contamination in retail raw and cooked meat prod-ucts in Taiyuan. Salmonella strains had diverse serotypes and high MDR rate. It was suggested that the regu-latory authorities should strengthen the management of antibiotic use in aquaculture and specialized laborato-ry-based monitoring of meat supply chain.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806850

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the antimicrobial resistance status and pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) patterns of Salmonella enteritidis (S.enteritidis) in Shanxi Province in order to provide references for the treatment of Salmonella infection and for tracing the source of outbreaks of foodborne diseases.@*Methods@#Sixty-four S. enteritidis strains were collected by monitoring sites for foodborne diseases from April 2015 to March 2018. Biochemical identification system and serotyping analysis were used for bacterial identification. Drug susceptibility patterns were analyzed with micro-broth dilution method. PFGE was used for molecular typing.@*Results@#The antimicrobial resistance rate of 64 S. enteritidis strains to nalidixic acid (95.31%) was the highest, followed by that to ampicillin (90.63%) and to ampicillin/sulbactam (81.25%). They had lower resistance rates to cefazolin, cefotaxime, tetracycline, ceftazidime, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxzole and ciprofloxacin (3.13%-23.44%) and were all sensitive to chloramphenicol, cefotaxime, azithromycin, imipenem and gentamicin. No statistically significant difference in drug resistance rates was found between the sporadic strains and the outbreak strains (P>0.05). All 64 S. enteritidis strains digested with XbaⅠwere divided into 33 molecular patterns by PFGE. The numbers of bacteria contained in each pattern ranged from 1 to 10 strains. The similarity among patterns was between 54.6% and 100%.@*Conclusion@#More attention should be paid to the drug resistance status of S. enteritidis in Shanxi Province. It is necessary to strengthen the standardized administration of antibiotics. The PFGE patterns of S. enteritidis reveal the presence of significant genetic polymorphism. PFGE is of great significance in analyzing the genetic relationship among S. enteritidis strains and in identifying and tracing the source of outbreaks of foodborne diseases.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604414

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the PCR and molecular characters of the first serogroup W135 meningo-coccal death case in Shanxi province on April,2013.Methods Epidemiological survey of suspected epidemic cere-brospinal meningitis case was conducted,blood serum and petechia tissue fluid samples were identified by PCR for crgA gene and siaD gene of W 135.Multilocus sequence typing(MLST)was performed for determining the sequence types(STs).Results The patient in the case died of serogroup W135 Neisseria meningitides,which belonged to ST-11.Conclusion This is the first case died of serogroup W135 Neisseria meningitidis in Shanxi province,which prompts that the surveillance of meningococcal pathogeny should be strengthened.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602296

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution and antibiotic resistance of the enteric pathogens in Shanxi province to guide the choice of antibacterials.Methods 798 cases of fecal samples from patients with diarrhea were treated in the outpatient and inpatient.The suspected pathogen was separated then PCR,biochemical test,serum agglutination tests were used for identification of suspected pathogen,and bacterial pathogens constitution and patho-genic characteristics were analyzed.Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was conducted by diskdiffusion method for the suspected pathogen with 6 antimicrobial agents.Results 81 strains isolated from 798 specimens were positive with 10.15% for pathogen detection.Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli was the first frequently pathogen,accounting for 46.91%,followed by Shigella,Salmonella and Aeromonas.Drug sensitivity monitoring showed that the most of the 81 strains had lower level of resistance to cefoitin,cefotaxime and ciorofloxacin,and higher level of resistance to tetra-cycline and nalidixic aid.Conclusion Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli,Shigella,Salmonella and Aeromonas are the major bacterial diarrheal pathogens in the hospital.Surveillance of antimicrobial resistance in these bacteria should be strengthened to provide reliable evidence for clinical anti infection treatment.

6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 303-306, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417305

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of EGFR, Her-2 and TOPO Ⅱ in esophageal canceration course, analyze the correlation between the expression and clinical pathological parameters and the correlation of the three genes. Methods EGFR, Her-2 and TOPO Ⅱ were detected by Tissue microarray technology and Envision immunohistochemistry method in 107 cases of esophageal carcinoma, including normal esophageal epithelium, esophageal intraepithelial neoplasia and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Results The positive expression rates of EGFR and TOPO Ⅱ display an improving trend from normal esophageal epithelium, intraepithelial neoplasia to carcinoma (P =0.031) in the above four groups. The positive expression rates of EGFR were 8.41 %, 7.94 %, 27.27 %, 50.47 %, and TOPO Ⅱ were 3.74 %, 4.76 %, 20.45 %, 43.93 %. Furthermore, the expression showed gradually incresing with histological grades advance (P =0.009). There was no correlation between EGFR or TOPO Ⅱ and gender, age, lymph node or distant metastasis (P >0.05). There was a positive correlation between EGFR and TOPO Ⅱ (r 1=0.410, P 0.05), no correlation was obtained between Her-2 and gender, age, the depth of invasion or lymph node metastasis (P >0.05), no relationship between Her-2 and EGFR or TOPO Ⅱ either. Conclusion EGFR and TOPO Ⅱ are closely related to the occurrence and development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, their expressions all make a qualitative change in the esophageal high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia. The role of Her-2 in the development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma is still not definite in Shanxi province.

7.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 243-246, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413379

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of cell cycle regulatory protein CDK4,p18,p19 in the genesis and development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).Methods Tissue microarray and immunohistochemical method (Envision) were used to detect the protein expression of CDK4,p18,p19 in 120 cases of esophageal tissues.The results were statistically analyzed.Results The positive rate of CDK4 protein expression in normal esophageal epithelium was low [28.3 % (34/120)],it increased in esophageal intraepithelial neoplasia [32.5 % (39/120)],and it was high in esophageal SCC [84.2 % (101/120)],which increased with the degree of SCC differentiation decreasing gradually.There was significant differences between the SCC and normal esophageal epithelium or esophageal intraepithelial neoplasia (x2= 76.004,P <0.05; x 2= 65.897,P < 0.05).The expression of CDK4 in group with lymphatic metastasis [93.88 % (46/49)]was higher than without it [71.43 % (55/71)] (x2= 5.860,P < 0.05).The positive rates of p18,p19 protein expression in normal esophageal epithelium were high [34.2 % (41/120),29.2 % (35/120)],it decreased in esophageal intraepithelial neoplasia [19.2 % (23/120),15.0 % (1 8/120)] (x 2= 134.481,P < 0.05; x 2 = 141.376,P < 0.05),but it were high in esophageal SCC [63.3 % (76/120) and 61.7 % (74/120)] which decreased with the degree of SCC differentiation gradually increased.There were significant differences between the normal esophageal epithelium and esophageal intraepithelial neoplasia,esophegeal intraepithelial neoplasia and SCC,normal esophageal epithelium and SCC (p 18:x 2 = 6.903,48.296,20.429,P < 0.05; p1 9:x2 = 6.998,55.276,25.565,P< 0.05).CDK4 protein expression was correlated with both p18 and p19 (r =0.696,0.630,P <0.05),and there was significant positive correlation between the protein expression of p18 and p19 (r =0.833,P <0.05).Conclusion Cell cycle regulatory gene CDK4,p18,p19 get involved in the genesis and development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.Their protein expressions are closely related to canceration of esophageal epithelium.

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