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1.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 274-277, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474168

ABSTRACT

In-stent thrombosis after cessation of antiplatelet medications in patients with drug-eluting stents (DES) is a significant problem in medical practice, particularly in the perioperative period. We report a case of an 87-year-old man with a medical history of hypertension, coronary artery disease and chronic atrophic gastritis. Very late thrombosis of a sirolimus-eluting stent occurred 1207 days after implantation, seven months after discontinuation of clopidogrel, and the interruption of aspirin 13 days in preparation of an elective endoscopic gastroin-testinal procedure presented with acute myocardial infarction. The patient was treated with thrombectomy and successfully revascularized with superimposition of two sirolimus-eluting stents. Medications administered in the catheterization laboratory included low molecular weight heparin and nitroglycerin. Flow was defined as grade 2 according to the thrombolysis in myocardial infarction scale. Electrocardio-gram after the procedure revealed persistent, but decreased, ST-segment elevation in the anterolateral leads. The patient recovered and was discharged on aspirin and clopidogrel indefinitely. There was no cardiac event during the two year follow-up period. This case underlines the importance of maintaining the balance of thrombosis and bleeding during perioperation of non-cardiac procedure and the possible need for continuation of aspirin therapy during periendoscopic procedures among patients with low bleeding risks who received DES.

2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1043-1046, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440799

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of evidence-based medicine (EBM)induced con-cept mapping in the teaching rounds in the department of cardiology. Methods Totally 25 medical students were taught to use EBM based concept mapping in preparing the medical teaching rounds during their rotations in the department of cardiology. Training of ward round ability was conducted by familiarizing with the producing method of concept map,selecting cases,posing questions,looking for literatures and discussing the concept map. Then assessment of this method was investigated and compared with that of the traditional teaching rounds method in other departments. t test was used and P≤0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results Compared with traditional method,EBM based concept mapping method showed advantages in cultivating medical students' critical thinking ((4.58±0.89)vs. (4.01±1.02)),creativity ((4.38±0.92)vs. (2.45±0.88))and integrated clinical thinking ((4.08±0.67)vs. (3.59±0.49)),self-study ability ((4.81±0.88)vs. (3.01±1.18))and literature search ability(P<0.05). Conclusions EBM based concept mapping can be a useful teaching ward round tool,which could efficiently improve teaching round quality and assist medical students in overall clinical skills.

3.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 158-165, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472162

ABSTRACT

Objective Both decreased glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and arterial stiffness were considered as risk factors for atherosclerosis. Previous studies have suggested the association between central arterial stiffness and the degree of GFR loss. Whether decreased GFR contributes to peripheral artery stiffness remains controversial. Moreover, data analyzed from a cohort of Chinese women are rare. Our aim was to explore the relationship between GFR and regional arterial stiffness in Chinese women. Methods In this cross-sectional study, we randomly recruited 1131 adult women residents with GFR ≥ 60 mL/min per 1.73 m2 estimated by the Chinese Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation from three large communities. Central and peripheral arterial stiffness were estimated simultaneously by measuring carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWVcf) and carotid-radial PWV (PWVcr) using a validated automatic device. Augmentation Index at heart rate 75 beats/minutes (AIx-75) was measured by pulse wave analysis as a composite parameter reflecting both large and distal arterial properties. Results The mean estimated GFR (eGFR) of the study group was 100.05 ± 23.26 mL/minute per 1.73 m2. Subjects were grouped by tertiles of eGFR level. PWVcf and AIx-75 increased ongoing from the top to the bottom eGFR tertile, while the values of PWVcr were comparable. Both univariate Pearson correlations and multiple stepwise regression analyses showed that eGFR significantly correlated to PWVcf, but not to PWVcr and AIx-75. Conclusions In Chinese women with normal to mildly impaired renal function, decreased eGFR affected carotid-to-femoral rather than carotid-to-radial stiffening. This provides rational to conduct future prospective studies to investigate predictors of atherosclerosis in this population.

4.
Iranian Journal of Public Health. 2012; 41 (8): 33-41
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-155216

ABSTRACT

Both increased arterial stiffness and hyperuncaemia are associated with elevated cardiovascular risks. Little is known about the relations of serum uric acid [UA] level to regional arterial stiffness and wave reflection. The aim of the study was to investigate the gender-specific association of serum UA and indices of arterial function in a community-based investigation in China. Cross-sectional data from 2374 adults [mean age 58.24 years] who underwent routine laboratory tests, regional pulse wave velocity [PWV] and pulse wave analysis measurements were analyzed in a gender-specific manner. None of the participants had atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, chronic renal failure, systemic inflammatory disease, gout, or were under treatment which would affect serum UA level. Men had higher serum UA level than women. Subjects with hyperuricaemia had significantly higher carotid-ankle PWV in both genders [P< 0.05], and the carotid-femoral P W [PWVc-f] was higher in women [P< 0.001] while the augmentation index was marginally lower in men [P = 0.049]. Multiple regression analysis showed that serum UA was an independent determinant only for PWVc-f in women [beta = 0.104, P = 0.027] when adjusted for atherogenic confounders. No other independent relationship was found between UA level and other surrogates of arterial stiffness. Serum UA levels are associated with alterations in systemic arterial stiffness that differ in men and women. Women might be more susceptible to large vascular damage associated with hyperuricaemia

5.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 6701-6705, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407838

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) have the multilineage differentiation potential, and are relatively easier to be obtained, thus they have attracted more and more attention as a new seed cell for cell engineering.OBJECTIVE: To observe the in vitro culture conditions of ADMSCs isolated from rat's subcutaneous adipose tissue, and identify them using immunohistochemical staining.DESIGN: An animal experiment.SETTING; Department of Cardiology, the General Hospital of Chinese PLA.MATERIALS: One healthy male Wistar rat of clean degree, 4 months old, weighing 200 g, was used. DMEM, fetal bovine serum were from GIBCO; Monoclone antibodies of rabbit-anti-rat CD13, CD34, CD44, CD45, CD105, D-related human leucocyte antigen (HLA-DR), factor-Ⅷ, vov Willebrand factor (VWF), Myosin, SABC kits and DAB staining kit from Wuhan Booster Biological Engineering, Co.,Ltd; Adeno-associated virus encoding green fluorescent protein from Vector Gene Technology Company Limited (Beijing).METHODS: The experiments were carried out in the Department of Internal Medicine, the General Hospital of Chinese PLA in October 2006. ① Cell isolation and culture: 0.3 g adipose tissue was cut from subcutaneous adipose tissue of Wistar rat's groin under aseptic condition, then minced and digested before culture, DMEM was changed at 2-3 days after plenty of fusiform-shap ed attached cells were observed under microscope, and the cell growth was observed. The cell concentration was adjusted to 2×107 L-1, then seeded into 96-well plate, and 100 μL for each well. From the second day, 3 wells were randomly selected every day, the cells were released with tripsin, and counted with blood cell counting chamber under inverted microscope. ② Cell viability assay: ADMSCs of passages 3 to 8 were added to DMSO freeze medium, and thawed after 2-4 weeks, and the cell viability was assessed by trypan blue dye exclusion. ③Immunohistochemical staining and identification: 2 ×107 L -1 cells were seeded to culture plate, then the immunohistochemical (SABC method) identification and Oil red O staining were performed to determine the cell surface antibodies of CD13, CD34, CD44, CD45, CD105, HLA-DR, factor-Ⅷ, HLA-DR and VWF. ④Lineage-specific differentiation and identification: The ADMSCs were plated on multi-well chamber and induced with lineage-specific media supplementation at least two weeks and identified by histologic/immunohistochemical assay of Oil red O for adipogenisis, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) stain for osteogenisis and Myosin monoclonal antibody for myogenisis. ⑤Transfected adenovirus carried green fluorescence protein (AD-GFP) medium: The fourth generation of ADMSCs were seeded on 96-well plate, 3 000 cells for each well, serum-free DMEM was changed after 24 hours, and added by AD-GFP at the same time, then transfected with different multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 1∶50, 1∶100, 1∶150 and 1∶200respectively, and then the transfection was observed.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ① Results of cell isolation and culture; ② Cell viability after freezing and thawing; ③Results of immunohistochemical staining and identification; ④ Results of lineage-specific differentiation and identification;⑤ Results of transfected adenovirus carried AD-GFP.RESULTS: ① About 3.6×105 attached cells were obtained from 0.3 g subcutaneous adipose tissue, and these cells could be subcultured for passages in vitro with stable population doubling time. ② The cells were thawed after freezing for 2-3 weeks, and the trypan blue staining showed that the cell viability was above 90%. ③ The immunocytochemical staining showed that CD13, CD44, CD105 were positive and CD45, factor-Ⅷ, HLA-DR and VWF negative in different generations. ④ From the second generation, a few Oil red O positively stained cells were observed, which were obviously increased after prolonging the refreshing. After lineage-specific differentiation, the cells were all positive by Oil red O staining, ALP staining and Myosin immunohistochemical staining. ⑤ 72 hours after transfection, it was observed under fluorescence microscope that most cells were green fluorescence when the MOI value was 1∶200, the transfection was successful, and it was generally determined that the transfection rate was above 90%.CONCLUSION: A large number of ADMSCs with multilineage differentiation potential can be easily obtained from rat adipose tissue, osteoblast, myoblasts, they can be expanded in large quantity and stored in vitro for long time, AD-GFP were also successfully transfected.

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