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Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 72-75,80, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606151


Objective:To explore the biological function of miR-132 in ovarian cancer and the target. Methods: 22 cases ovarian cancer tissue and non-tumor tissue adjacent were collected,the expression of miR-132 in tumor tissue and non-tumor tissue, normal ovarian epithelial cells and ovarian cancer cell were detected by RT-PCR. The normal ovarian epithelial cells which the expression of miR-132 maximum or minimum were chosen, and they were divided into two groups, respectively with transfection of negative control plasmid ( NC) and miR-132 mimic plasmid. The expression of miR-132 after transfection was detected by RT-PCR,the cell proliferation and cell apoptosis were detected by CCK-8 method and flow cytometry instrument respectively,the expression of Ezrin protein was detected by Western blot. Results:The expression of miR-132 in tumor tissue was significantly lower than the tumor tissue adjacent,the expression of miR-132 in ovarian cancer cell lines was significantly lower than normal ovarian epithelial cells, the differences were statistically significant (P<0. 05). The SKOV3 cell lines was chosed for gene transfection,compared with NC group, transfection with miR-132 mimic plasmid could significantly reduce cell proliferation, increase cell apoptosis, the difference had statistical significance ( P<0. 05 ) . Western blot results showed that up-regulation miR-132 significantly increased the Ezrin protein expression in ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells ( P<0. 05 ) . Conclusion: In ovarian cancer, miR-132;inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis of ovarian cancer via Ezrin,it may be a tumor suppressor gene.

China Oncology ; (12): 427-433, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490180


Background and purpose:The aim of this study was to analyze the prognostic factors in uterine adenocarcinoma and adenosquamous carcinoma treated with a combination of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and surgery.Methods:Clinicopathologic data from 50 patients with stageⅠB2-ⅡA2 uterine cervical cancer were collected from the First Afifliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College between Apr. 2005 and Oct. 2011. All patients underwent neoajuvant chemoradiotherapy, followed by radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection. Before surgery, an intravenous chemotherapy was given. A particular vaginal brachytherapy was given to those with tumor diameter≥6 cm. The survival and recurrence in patients were analyzed retrospectively to investigate the prognostic factors. Results:In 50 patients withⅠB2-ⅡA2 uterine adenocarcinoma and adenosquamous carcinoma, 15 died during the follow-up period. The 2-year and 5-year progression-free survival rates were 80.12% and 72.24%, respectively, and median progression-free survival was 68 months. The 2-year and 5-year overall survival rates were 95.38% and 73.56%, respectively, and median overall survival was 80 months. Univariate analysis revealed that pelvic lymph node metastasis, cervical stromal invasion, parametrial infiltration, tumor diameter reduction 0.05). Multivariate Cox proportional analysis revealed that pelvic lymph node metastasis and tumor diameter reduction after radiation and chemotherapy were the independent prognostic factors in patients with cervical cancer. Conclusion:The combination of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and surgery improves the resectable rate of patients withⅠB2-ⅡA2 uterine adenocarcinoma and adenosquamous carcinoma. Pelvic lymph node metastasis and tumor diameter reduction after radiation and chemotherapy are the independent prognostic factors in patients with cervical cancer.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461117


Objective To explore the significance of serum squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag) in the diagnose of recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of cervix, and seek an effective approach to monitor tumor recurrence after treatment as early as possible. Methods All the data were collected from 1 557 patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College from Jan. 2004 to Dec. 2010, the data of un-controlled cases(patients whose serum level of SCC-Ag failed to decrease to normal level or patients with incomplete tumor extinction)were eliminated, there were 1 394 cases of complete remission were analyzed,the median age was 46 years( rang, 18-72 years). According to International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stages (FIGO, 1994), 71 cases were in stageⅠa, 360 cases stageⅠb, 254 cases stageⅡa, 207 cases stageⅡb, 95 cases stageⅢa, 289 cases stageⅢb, 106 cases stageⅣa and 12 cases stageⅣb. Radical hysterectomy was performed in 685 cases with stageⅠ-Ⅱa, concurrent radiation and chemotherapy was performed in 709 cases with stageⅡb-Ⅳ. Taking serum cut off value of SCC-Ag was 1.95 μg/L, the level ≤1.95 μg/L as SCC-Ag negative expression and>1.95μg/L as SCC-Ag positive expression. The positive expression status of SCC-Ag before treatment, the relationship between the post-treatment recurrence rate after SCC-Ag becoming negative and the clinicopathological features of the patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma were analyzed, concurrently combined with gynecological check-up, pathological and imaging examination, followed by comparative analysis with the results of monitoring. Results Among 1 394 patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma, there were 1 169 cases with positive SCC-Ag, the positive expression rate of SCC-Ag before treatment was closely related with the clinical stages and tumor size(all P0.05). The positive expression of SCC-Ag in 1 169 patients before treatment turned negative after treatment, 279 patients with recurrence whose positive expression of SCC-Ag turned negative after treatment, the recurrence rate was closely related with clinical stages, pathological grade, lymphatic metastasis and tumor size(all P5μg/L for patients with central recurrence was 4.2%(4/96), whilein the group of pelvic wall recurrence group was 56.2%(45/80)and in distant metastasis group was 87.4%(90/103). The level of SCC-Ag>5μg/L from the patients with pelvic wall recurrence and distant metastasis were much higher than that of patients with central recurrence (P<0.01), and the same results were shown between distant metastasis group and pelvic wall recurret group (P<0.01). Conclusions SSC-Ag expression in serum of patients with cervical squamous carcinoma is closely related with clinical stages and the tumor size. Dynamic monitoring the level of SSC-Ag could contribute to the early diagnosis for tumor recurrence, but it has some limitations for patients with central recurrence, which should deserve our attention.