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JBUMDC-Journal of Bahria University Medical and Detal College. 2018; 8 (4): 254-257
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-202132


Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and shape of torus palatinus and to assess its gender and age-related differences in the population of Karachi, the metropolitan city of Pakistan

Methodology: This was a cross sectional study with non-probability convenience sampling method conducted at Bahria University Medical and Dental College [BUMDC], Karachi. The presence of tori was observed by clinical examination and palpation. The shape was also investigated by presence or absence and classified as flat, spindle and nodular shaped tori. The data was analyzed by using Statistical Package for Social Science version 23. The Chi-square test was used to test for group differences of sex and age association with the prevalence of tori. Difference between groups with P <0.05 was considered significant

Results: A total of 1203 patients were screened in which torus palatinus was found in 141 [11.7%] patients. Present study findings showed torus palatinus was more prevalent in males 76 [53.9%]. It was dominant in 31-60 years of age group [47.5%] with significant P=0.000. Shapes of torus palatinus were compared with gender in which flat shape was more frequent in both male and female with significant P-value of 0.015

Conclusion: Torus Palatinus is a rare bony exostosis of the oral cavity. Even though, it is an asymptomatic anatomical variation it expresses itself in unique shapes and patterns. The prevalence varies with respect to age and gender

JBUMDC-Journal of Bahria University Medical and Dental College. 2018; 8 (2): 114-116
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-203216


Objective: Oral pathological findings are often associated with diabetes mellitus. The aim of the study was to assess the frequency of oral findings among diabetic patients of both genders

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted from February 2017 to November 2017 at Bahria University Dental Hospital and Mamji Hospital, Karachi. A total of 363 diagnosed patients of diabetes mellitus were selected for the study. A questionnaire was designed and oral clinical examination was performed. The collected data was analyzed by using SPSS version 23

Results: A total number of 363 diagnosed patients of diabetes mellitus were included in the study. Among these 187 [51.52%] were male and 176 [48.48%] were female. The overall oral mucosal findings were predominantly present in male diabetic patients as compared to females

Conclusion: The result of this study shows a high prevalence of oral pathological findings in diabetic patients

JBUMDC-Journal of Bahria University Medical and Detal College. 2016; 6 (2): 106-109
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-199324


Objectives: To determine [a] the frequency of dental caries [b] existing status including the presence of broken down roots[BDRs], missing and filled or unfilled status of permanent mandibular first molar in young adults

Materials and Methods: This study was conducted at out-patients clinics of Bahria University Medical and Dental College [BUMDC] from 1stJanuary 2014 to 30th November 2014. The total numbers of subjects were 1529. Out of which 928 were males[60.7%] and 601 were females [39.3%]. The sample was collected through convenience sampling and the performa was designed which comprised of demographic data including age, gender, carious and filled/unfilled status of left and right permanent mandibular molar [36,46] and informed verbal consent was taken

Results: The study findings showed that higher caries incidence was present in left mandibular 1st molar [tooth # 36] as 232 individuals [15.17%] were affected by caries, compared to right mandibular 1st molar [tooth # 46] in which the affected individuals were only 209 [13.66%].Regarding the gender distribution, caries was present more in the males then the females as 179 males had caries and only 125 females were affected. Examined individuals have a better knowledge and awareness about oral hygiene practice as affected individuals were only 304 [19.9%]. Least contribution was of filled teeth probably because of lack of availability of dental services, poor socioeconomic status and high treatment cost

Conclusion:Frequency of dental caries in left and right mandibular first molars in young adults was low with least contribution of filled teeth