Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 29
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925733

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. Inferior turbinate (IT) hypertrophy is the main cause of chronic nasal obstruction. We developed a high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation device to treat patients with IT hypertrophy. @*Methods@#. First, computed tomography images of patients with no evidence of sinonasal disease were evaluated to measure and compare the IT, medial mucosal thickness (MT), and space between the nasal septum and IT according to clinical characteristics such as septal deviation. A HIFU prototype was developed based on the above human anatomical studies. The experimental study was performed in five pigs; the nasal volume and histological changes at 1 and 4 weeks postoperatively were evaluated to compare the efficacy of HIFU turbinoplasty with that of radiofrequency turbinoplasty and a control group. @*Results@#. The mean medial MT of the anterior, middle, and posterior portions of the IT were 4.66±1.14, 4.23±0.97, and 6.17±1.29 mm, respectively. The mean medial space was 2.65±0.79 mm. The diameter and focal depth of the prototype were 4 mm and 3 mm, respectively. HIFU showed no postoperative complications, including bleeding or scar formation. After HIFU treatment, the nasal volume increased by 196.62 mm3 (7.8%) and 193.74 mm3 (8.3%) at 1 week and 4 weeks, compared with the increase of 87.20 mm3 (3.1%) and 213.81 mm3 (9.0%), respectively,after radiofrequency therapy. A qualitative histological analysis after radiofrequency turbinoplasty showed epithelial layer disruption at 1 week and increased fibrosis, along with decreased glandular structure, at 4 weeks. The HIFU group had an intact epithelial layer at 1 week postoperatively. However, significant differences were observed at 4 weeks, including increased fibrosis and decreased glandular structure. @*Conclusion@#. The efficacy and safety of HIFU turbinoplasty were demonstrated in an animal study. Our results warrant further human clinical trials.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899851

ABSTRACT

Background@#Although long-term dopamine agonist (DA) therapy is recommended as a first-line treatment for prolactinoma, some patients may prefer surgical treatment because of the potential adverse effects of long-term medication, or the desire to become pregnant. This study aimed to determine whether surgical treatment of prolactinomas could be an alternative to DA therapy. @*Methods@#In this retrospective study, 96 consecutive patients (74 female, 22 male) underwent primary pituitary surgery without long-term DA treatment for prolactinomas at a single institution from 1990 to 2010. All patients underwent primary surgical treatment in the microscopic transsphenoidal approach (TSA). @*Results@#The median age and median follow-up period were 31 (16–73) years and 139.1 (12.2–319.6) months, respectively. An initial overall remission was accomplished in 47.9% (46 of 96 patients, 33 macroadenomas, and 13 microadenomas) of patients. DA dose reduction was achieved in all patients after TSA. A better remission rate was independently predicted by lower diagnostic prolactin levels and by a greater extent of surgical resection. Overall remission at the last follow-up was 33.3%, and the overall recurrence rate was 30.4%. The permanent complication rate was 3.1%, and there was no mortality. @*Conclusion@#TSA can be considered a safe and potentially curative treatment for selective microprolactinomas as an alternative to treatment with a long-term DA.

3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920166

ABSTRACT

Naso-oropharyngeal stenosis is an uncommon but serious complication after naso-oropharyngeal surgery. Surgical failure and re-stenosis are common. We report two cases of severe naso-oropharyngeal stenosis, which were successfully treated with the use of nasal pedicled flaps.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892147

ABSTRACT

Background@#Although long-term dopamine agonist (DA) therapy is recommended as a first-line treatment for prolactinoma, some patients may prefer surgical treatment because of the potential adverse effects of long-term medication, or the desire to become pregnant. This study aimed to determine whether surgical treatment of prolactinomas could be an alternative to DA therapy. @*Methods@#In this retrospective study, 96 consecutive patients (74 female, 22 male) underwent primary pituitary surgery without long-term DA treatment for prolactinomas at a single institution from 1990 to 2010. All patients underwent primary surgical treatment in the microscopic transsphenoidal approach (TSA). @*Results@#The median age and median follow-up period were 31 (16–73) years and 139.1 (12.2–319.6) months, respectively. An initial overall remission was accomplished in 47.9% (46 of 96 patients, 33 macroadenomas, and 13 microadenomas) of patients. DA dose reduction was achieved in all patients after TSA. A better remission rate was independently predicted by lower diagnostic prolactin levels and by a greater extent of surgical resection. Overall remission at the last follow-up was 33.3%, and the overall recurrence rate was 30.4%. The permanent complication rate was 3.1%, and there was no mortality. @*Conclusion@#TSA can be considered a safe and potentially curative treatment for selective microprolactinomas as an alternative to treatment with a long-term DA.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831344

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. This study aimed to elucidate the patterns of upper airway collapse in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients with a low body mass index (BMI). @*Methods@#. We designed and conducted a retrospective cohort study. Consecutive patients diagnosed with OSA who underwent drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) were included. Patients were classified into four groups according to their BMI. Age, sex, and polysomnography data were investigated. The patterns of upper airway collapse were characterized by the structures involved (soft palate, tongue base, lateral pharyngeal wall, and epiglottis). We compared the patterns of upper airway collapse in the supine and lateral decubitus position among the four BMI groups using the chi-square test and multivariate binary logistic regression analysis. @*Results@#. A total of 627 patients (male, 517; mean age, 47.6±12.8 years) were included, consisting of 45, 79, 151, and 352 patients who were underweight or lower normal-weight (defined as the low BMI group), upper normal-weight, overweight, and obese, respectively. Severity indicators of OSA, such as the overall apnea-hypopnea index and duration of SaO2 below 90%, were significantly lower in patients with a low BMI than in obese patients, while their average oxygen saturation was significantly higher. The most common obstruction site in the supine position was the tongue base in patients with a low BMI (100%), whereas this obstruction site was significantly less common in obese patients (54.8%). Tongue base obstruction was mostly relieved in the lateral position, with no discernible obstruction in 86.7% of the low BMI patients. @*Conclusion@#. Airway obstruction in OSA patients with a low BMI is mostly due to tongue base obstruction, which improves in the lateral position. These characteristics should be kept in mind when considering treatment options for this subgroup of OSA patients.

6.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831320

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics of maxillary sinus fungus ball (MFB) to increase the preoperative diagnostic accuracy. @*Methods@#. A retrospective review of 247 patients who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery for unilateral maxillary sinusitis from January 2015 to December 2017 at a single institution was performed. Patients with pathologically proven MFB were compared to those with unilateral chronic maxillary sinusitis (CMS). Patient demographics and computed tomography (CT) findings were evaluated. The CT features were categorized as intralesional hyperdensity (calcification), the irregular lobulated protruding lesion (fuzzy appearance), maxillary sinus full haziness without mass effect, maxillary sinus full haziness with mass effect, and others. A regression tree analysis was performed. @*Results@#. In total, 247 patients were analyzed; among them, 179 (72.5%) had MFB and 68 (27.5%) had CMS. MFB showed predominance in older individuals. Among the radiological features, intralesional hyperdensity was most commonly associated with MFB. The presence of a fuzzy appearance or full opacity with mass effect was also associated with MFB. The highest area under the curve was noted with the regression tree analysis based on the model, which included the presence of intralesional hyperdensity, demographic data (age), and presence of fuzzy appearance or maxillary sinus full haziness with mass effect in case of absence of intralesional hyperdensity (0.904). @*Conclusion@#. A simple algorithm to optimize the preoperative diagnosis of MFB was developed. Physicians should be aware of such findings in the management of patients presenting with unilateral CMS.

7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920071

ABSTRACT

Osteoradionecrosis of the skull base (SB-ORN) is a serious potentially lethal complication after radiotherapy in the head and neck region and is therefore considered one of the most challenging clinical entities among skull base lesions. Management options includes nasal irrigation, medications such as systemic antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, and surgical debridement. Despite these efforts treatment outcomes are associated with a poor prognosis. Recent studies have shown an increased disease control rate with a more aggressive surgical approach including sequestrectomy. One of the main factors associated with poor prognosis is involvement of the internal carotid artery near the skull base. Spontaneous carotid rupture is frequently associated with death and/or severe morbidity and also poses risk of profuse bleeding during surgery. In this article we will deliver a comprehensive review of SB-ORN, including pathophysiology, clinical features, and an update in treatment strategy.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739227

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Postoperative cheek cyst (POCC) is a late postoperative complication of radical maxillary sinus surgery including the Caldwell-Luc (C-L) operation. The present study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic outcomes of surgical treatment for POCC and to assess the clinical factors correlated to these outcomes. METHODS: This study included 57 patients (67 nostrils) diagnosed with POCC who underwent surgical drainage. The medical records of the patients were retrospectively reviewed for radiological findings, treatment modalities, residual symptoms, and recurrences. RESULTS: In total, 30 patients were male and 27 patients were female with a mean age of 55 years, and the patients were usually diagnosed with POCC 28.2 years after radical surgery. Endonasal endoscopic marsupialization was performed via inferior meatal antrostomy, and if possible, middle meatal antrostomy was performed at the same time. In patients with cysts that were difficult to reach using an endonasal endoscopic approach, additional open C-L approaches were performed. The median follow-up period was 19.4 months. Overall, adequate drainage and symptomatic relief were achieved in 91% (61/67) of the patients. The recurrence rate was significantly higher in patients who had anterolateral POCC. Failure to achieve symptomatic relief was correlated to a smaller cyst and the use of the open C-L approach for drainage. CONCLUSION: The location and size of the cyst as well as the use of the open surgical approach were important factors in predicting the therapeutic outcome of POCC. The time point of treatment and surgical approaches should be based on the above-mentioned findings.


Subject(s)
Cheek , Drainage , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Maxillary Sinus , Medical Records , Mucocele , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-647319

ABSTRACT

Nuclear protein in testis (NUT) midline carcinoma (NMC) is a rare and aggressive tumor that is genetically characterized by chromosomal rearrangement of the NUT gene. NMC predominantly involves the midline structures of the body and the sinonasal tract is considered a preferential site. While the optimal management of NMC is unclear, more than 80% of patients will die within one year of their diagnosis despite intensive treatment. We report two cases of NMC of the sinonasal tract. Histopathologic results of the punch biopsy showed undifferentiated and poorly differentiated carcinoma. NUT immunohistochemical staining results were positive. Multimodal treatments including surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy were performed. We also present a literature review to compare with the present cases. In our cases, we emphasize the importance of the early diagnosis and intensive treatment of NMC.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Combined Modality Therapy , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Early Diagnosis , Humans , Nuclear Proteins , Nuts , Radiotherapy , Testis
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-647433

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Glomangiopericytoma falls within the category of borderline low-malignant-potential soft tissue tumors of the nose and paranasal sinuses. It is a rare tumor arising from the pericytes surrounding capillaries, and accounts for less than 0.5% of all sinonasal tumors. The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical manifestation and surgical outcomes of the glomangiopericytoma in the nasal cavity. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Medical records of eight patients who were surgically managed for glomangiopericytoma of the nose and paranasal sinuses from 2000 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical features, size, Immunohistochemical staining, extent of surgery, adjuvant treatment, and recurrence were evaluated. RESULTS: Eight patients, 3 males and 5 females, were enrolled, with the mean age of 54.7 years old. The most common symptom of glomangiopericytoma was ipsilateral nasal obstruction. All patients got surgical treatment, and one patient received radiation to the surgical site, whose margin of resection was positive. The mean follow-up period was 39.5 months (3-176 months). During the follow-up period, one patient was found to have a positive resection margin. CONCLUSION: The surgical outcome shows that complete initial excision is important to prevent recurrence. Furthermore, adjuvant radiation therapy may also be a reasonable option for some patients with margin involvement.


Subject(s)
Accidental Falls , Capillaries , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Hemangiopericytoma , Humans , Male , Medical Records , Methods , Nasal Cavity , Nasal Obstruction , Nose , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms , Paranasal Sinuses , Pericytes , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-652301

ABSTRACT

Encephalocele is a malformation characterized by protrusions of the brain and meninges through openings in the cranial bones. They are managed surgically and approached in various ways, mainly on the basis of its location. Basal encephaloceles have been traditionally approached intracranially via bicoronal approach in the pediatric population. We report three cases of congenital basal encephaloceles treated by endoscopic endonasal approach in our institution. In 2 patients, the skull base defect was successfully corrected whereas in one case, recurrence was observed. No major complications were encountered. Although the endoscopic endonasal repair approach of basal encephaloceles in the pediatric population is associated with potential technical difficulties, it is a viable and minimally invasive alternative to the traditional craniotomy.


Subject(s)
Brain , Craniotomy , Encephalocele , Humans , Meninges , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Recurrence , Skull Base
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-32545

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate longitudinal changes in behavior and quality-of-life (QoL) in children with sleep disordered breathing (SDB) after adenotonsillectomy (AT). METHODS: This study prospectively enrolled 148 children who underwent AT for SDB. Caregivers filled out Korean attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) rating scale (K-ARS) and Korean version of the obstructive sleep apnea-18 (KOSA-18) at preoperative 1 day, postoperative 1 month, and postoperative 6 months. Longitudinal changes in K-ARS and KOSA-18 were evaluated and compared among subgroups. RESULTS: Both K-ARS and KOSA-18 scores improved immediately at postoperative 1 month and were maintained at postoperative 6 months. The mean preoperative K-ARS scores of the non-ADHD, ADHD-trait, and overt-ADHD groups showed uniformly immediate and sustained improvements. Also, the mean preoperative KOSA-18 scores of the small, moderate, and large impact groups were significantly improved both at postoperative 1 month and 6 months. The changes in behavior and QoL showed no significant differences with regard to the aforementioned factors. CONCLUSION: After AT, we may expect immediate and sustained improvements in behavior and QoL in children with SDB regardless of preoperative symptom severity. Moreover, by performing AT, improvements in behavior and QoL are expected regardless of sex, age, allergic trait, or concurrent coblation-assisted turbinoplasty. These findings may help our colleague physicians counselling pediatric SDB patients and their caregivers.


Subject(s)
Adenoidectomy , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Caregivers , Child , Humans , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Tonsillectomy
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-48494

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The role of induction chemotherapy (IC) for eyeball preservation has not been established in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) of the paranasal sinus and nasal cavity (PNSNC). Periorbital involvement frequently leads to eyeball exenteration with a margin of safety. We evaluated the treatment outcomes, including survival and eyeball preservation, of patients who received IC for HNSCC of the PNSNC. METHODS: We reviewed 21 patients diagnosed with HNSCC of the PNSNC who were treated with IC. We analyzed response, eyeball preservation rate, and overall survival. RESULTS: Tumors were located in the paranasal sinus (n = 14) or nasal cavity (n = 7). Most patients had stage T4a (n = 10) or T4b (n = 7) disease. More than half of the patients received a chemotherapy regimen of docetaxel, fluorouracil, and cisplatin (n = 11). Thirteen patients (61.9%) achieved a partial response after IC and 15 patients (71.4%) achieved T down-staging. Among 17 patients with stage T4 disease, which confers a high risk of orbital exenteration, 14 (82.4%) achieved preservation of the involved eye. The 3-year overall survival (OS) rate of patients who achieved a partial response to IC was 84.6%. The 3-year OS rate of patients with stable disease or disease progression after IC was 25.0% (p = 0.038). CONCLUSIONS: IC could be considered for down-staging patients with advanced T-stage disease. It could also be a reasonable option for eyeball preservation in locally advanced HNSCC of the PNSNC.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cisplatin , Disease Progression , Drug Therapy , Fluorouracil , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Head , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Nasal Cavity , Neck , Orbit , Orbit Evisceration , Organ Preservation , Paranasal Sinuses
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-87805

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) surgery on long-term (5-year) subjective outcomes, including sleep disordered breathing (SDB) symptoms and other complications, in patients with OSA. METHODS: We enrolled patients who underwent diagnostic polysomnography for OSA between January 2006 and December 2006 in ten hospitals. Patients either were treated for OSA or were not treated for OSA. All patients completed a brief telephone survey regarding their SDB signs and symptoms (e.g., snoring, apnea, nocturnal arousals, and daytime sleepiness), positive airway pressure (PAP) compliance, and any adverse effects of either the surgery or PAP. A positive subjective outcome for either surgery or no treatment was taken to be the alleviation of apnea, defined as a > or =50% increase in score. A positive subjective outcome (compliance) for PAP was defined as a PAP usage of > or =4 hours per night and > or =5 days per week. RESULTS: A total of 229 patients were included in this study. Patients were divided into three groups: a surgery group (n=87), a PAP group (n=68), and a control (untreated) group (n=74). The surgery group exhibited significant improvement in all SDB symptoms compared with the control group. The long-term subjective outcomes of the surgery (52.9%) and PAP (54.4%) groups were significantly better than those of the control group (25.0%). The subjective outcome of the surgery group was not significantly different from that of the PAP group. The overall surgical complication rate was 23.0% (20 of 87) in the surgery group, and 55.0% (22 of 40) of all patients with PAP experienced adverse effects. CONCLUSION: The extent of SDB symptoms was consistently improved in patients with OSA at 5 years postsurgery. Information about the potential long-term subjective outcomes should be provided to patients when considering surgery.


Subject(s)
Apnea , Arousal , Compliance , Humans , Polysomnography , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Snoring , Telephone , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-129486

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The outcomes of locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients treated with concurrent chemoradiation (CCRT) using intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with/without neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) were evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-three patients who underwent NCT followed by CCRT (49%) or CCRT with/without adjuvant chemotherapy (51%) were reviewed. To the gross tumor, 67.5 Gy was prescribed. Weekly cisplatin was used as concurrent chemotherapy. RESULTS: With a median follow-up of 49.4 months, the 5-year local control, regional control, distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival rates were 94.7%, 89.3%, 77.8%, 68.0%, and 81.8%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, the American Joint Committee on Cancer stage (p = 0.016) and N stage (p = 0.001) were negative factors for DMFS and DFS, respectively. Overall, NCT demonstrated no benefit and an increased risk of severe hematologic toxicity. However, compared to patients treated with CCRT alone, NCT showed potential of improving DMFS in stage IV patients. CONCLUSION: CCRT using IMRT resulted in excellent local control and survival outcome. Without evidence of survival benefit from phase III randomized trials, NCT should be carefully administered in locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients who are at high-risk of developing distant metastasis and radiotherapy-related mucositis. The results of ongoing trials are awaited.


Subject(s)
Chemoradiotherapy , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Cisplatin , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Joints , Mucositis , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Survival Rate
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-129471

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The outcomes of locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients treated with concurrent chemoradiation (CCRT) using intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with/without neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) were evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-three patients who underwent NCT followed by CCRT (49%) or CCRT with/without adjuvant chemotherapy (51%) were reviewed. To the gross tumor, 67.5 Gy was prescribed. Weekly cisplatin was used as concurrent chemotherapy. RESULTS: With a median follow-up of 49.4 months, the 5-year local control, regional control, distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival rates were 94.7%, 89.3%, 77.8%, 68.0%, and 81.8%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, the American Joint Committee on Cancer stage (p = 0.016) and N stage (p = 0.001) were negative factors for DMFS and DFS, respectively. Overall, NCT demonstrated no benefit and an increased risk of severe hematologic toxicity. However, compared to patients treated with CCRT alone, NCT showed potential of improving DMFS in stage IV patients. CONCLUSION: CCRT using IMRT resulted in excellent local control and survival outcome. Without evidence of survival benefit from phase III randomized trials, NCT should be carefully administered in locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients who are at high-risk of developing distant metastasis and radiotherapy-related mucositis. The results of ongoing trials are awaited.


Subject(s)
Chemoradiotherapy , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Cisplatin , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Joints , Mucositis , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Survival Rate
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-646362

ABSTRACT

Obstructive sleep apnea is a manifestation of upper airway instability leading to upper airway collapse during sleep. Current diagnostic testing with polysomnography provides information regarding the number of apneas and hypopneas but does not provide any information regarding the level of pharyngeal narrowing or collapse. The identification of the site of obstruction is essential in choosing the appropriate treatment, especially when surgical intervention is considered. In this review we present contemporary methods for localizing obstructive sites with emphasis on two promising airway evaluation modalities. Sleep videofluoroscopy and sleep en-doscopy. Further understanding of the obstructive events occurring during sleep with precise evaluation of the sites of obstruction will eventually guide tailored surgical treatment with improved surgical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Apnea , Diagnostic Tests, Routine , Endoscopy , Humans , Polysomnography , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Snoring
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-70194

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Currently established first line therapy of acute (presumed bacterial) rhinosinusitis (ARS) consists of 10 to 14 days of oral amoxicillin or cephalosporins. This study compared the clinical efficacy and tolerance of cefcapene pivoxil (CP) and amoxicillin-clavulanate (AMC) in patients with ARS. METHODS: A randomized, open labeled, double-blinded trial of ARS patients over 15 years of age was performed. Patients diagnosed with ARS received paranasal sinus X-rays and nasal endoscopies and 2 weeks of either CP (150 mg, 3 times/ day) or AMC (625 mg, amoxicillin 500 mg, 3 times/day). All patients revisited the clinic on days 7, 14, and 28 for evaluation of changes in symptoms, endoscopy, and monitoring of any adverse reactions. Demographics, clinical characteristics and drug efficacy were also compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Among the 60 initially enrolled patients (CP 30, AMC 30), 5 patients in the CP group and 6 in the AMC group were excluded due to poor compliance. There were no significant differences in demographic data including age, sex, initial signs and symptoms, endoscopic and X-ray findings between the two groups. Rates of improvement after 2 weeks were 96% and 95.8% in the CP and AMC group, respectively. Sinus symptoms were changed significantly after 2 and 4 weeks, however, there was no difference between groups (P=0.41). The most common adverse reaction was gastrointestinal complication, diarrhea occurred in 1 patient in the CP group and 6 in the AMC group (P=0.04). CONCLUSION: CP and AMC were both effective in treating ARS. The difference of treatment outcome was not found between the two groups, however, gastrointestinal complications were less prevalent in the CP group.


Subject(s)
Amoxicillin , Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination , Bacterial Infections , Cephalosporins , Clavulanic Acid , Compliance , Demography , Diarrhea , Double-Blind Method , Endoscopy , Humans , Sinusitis , Treatment Outcome
19.
Journal of Rhinology ; : 13-29, 2008.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-150064

ABSTRACT

Septoplasty is one of the most commonly performed operations in Otolaryngology. It is often considered an easy operation. Yet it is still accompanied by a relatively high rate of failure and complications. It is definitely not an operation in which one surgical technique can suffice for all circumstances. Rather it requires a variety of techniques in accordance to the various septal pathologies in order to achieve a favorable outcome. This study provides a comprehensive review of septoplasty including current concepts, historical background, classification, updated surgical techniques, and management of complications. In particular, the surgical techniques that ensure a successful correction and minimal complications are highlighted.


Subject(s)
Dietary Sucrose , Nasal Septum , Otolaryngology
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-655018

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fibrous dysplasia of the paranasal sinus is rare. It is usually secondary to the extension of disease from adjacent bones and rarely limited to the sinuses. The purpose of this study is to get an improved appreciation of the clinical features and courses of fibrous dysplasia involving paranasal sinuses. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Medical records of 15 patients diagnosed as fibrous dysplasia involving paranasal sinuses from 1990 to 2004 were reviewed retrospectively. Clinical informations including age of diagnosis, presenting symptoms, radiographic findings, treatment and clinical outcome for each patient were analyzed. The male to female ratio was 7 : 8. Their ages ranged from 7 to 68 with the median of 32. Seven patients were younger than 30 years old at presentation. RESULTS: The most common complaint was headache followed by facial swelling. The mean duration of illness was 11 months. In the findings of CT, eight patients belonged to the sclerotic type, six to the pagetoid type, and one the tocystic type. Eight patients were polyostotic while the others were monostotic. The most commonly involved sinus was the sphenoid sinus followed by ethmoid sinus. Seven patients who had facial swelling, exophthalmos or nasal obstruction underwent surgery, and in four of them, the lesion was in progression or recurred. Lesions in eight patients who were older than 30 years old and had no symptoms except headache did not progress thereafter. CONCLUSION: The progression of fibrous dysplasia stops when the bony growth is completed. Thus, if the patients are diagnosed with fibrous dysplasia over the age of 30 and do not have specific symptoms, there may be no need for surgical treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Diagnosis , Ethmoid Sinus , Exophthalmos , Female , Headache , Humans , Male , Medical Records , Nasal Obstruction , Paranasal Sinuses , Retrospective Studies , Sphenoid Sinus
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL