Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 13 de 13
Filter
1.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1171-1180, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999824

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) had been increasingly recognized as a favorable alternative to surgical resection in patients with high risk for surgery. This study compared survival outcomes between sublobar resection (SLR) and SBRT for clinical stage I non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). @*Materials and Methods@#Data were obtained from the Korean Association of Lung Cancer Registry, a sampled nationwide database. This study retrospectively reviewed 382 patients with clinical stage I NSCLC who underwent curative SLR or SBRT from 2014 to 2016. @*Results@#Of the patients, 43 and 339 underwent SBRT and SLR, respectively. Patients in the SBRT group were older and had worse pulmonary function. The 3-year overall survival (OS) rate was significantly better in the SLR group compared with the SBRT group (86.6% vs. 57%, log-rank p < 0.001). However, after adjusting for age, sex, tumor size, pulmonary function, histology, smoking history, and adjuvant therapy, treatment modality was not an independent prognostic factor for survival (hazard ratio, 0.99; 95% confidence interval, 0.43 to 2.77; p=0.974). We performed subgroup analysis in the following high-risk populations: patients who were older than 75 years; patients who were older than 70 years and had diffusing capacity of lung for carbon monoxide ≤ 80%. In each subgroup, there were no differences in OS and recurrence-free survival between patients who underwent SLR and those who received SBRT. @*Conclusion@#In our study, there were no significant differences in terms of survival or recurrence between SBRT and SLR in medically compromised stage I NSCLC patients. Our findings suggest that SBRT could be considered as a potential treatment option for selected patients.

2.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 94-102, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966476

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This multi-center, retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the long-term survival in patients who underwent surgical resection for small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and to identify the benefit of adjuvant therapy following surgery. @*Materials and Methods@#The data of 213 patients who underwent surgical resection for SCLC at four institutions were retrospectively reviewed. Patients who received neoadjuvant therapy or an incomplete resection were excluded. @*Results@#The mean patient age was 65.29±8.93 years, and 184 patients (86.4%) were male. Lobectomies and pneumonectomies were performed in 173 patients (81.2%), and 198 (93%) underwent systematic mediastinal lymph node dissections. Overall, 170 patients (79.8%) underwent adjuvant chemotherapy, 42 (19.7%) underwent radiotherapy to the mediastinum, and 23 (10.8%) underwent prophylactic cranial irradiation. The median follow-up period was 31.08 months (interquartile range, 13.79 to 64.52 months). The 5-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival were 53.4% and 46.9%, respectively. The 5-year OS significantly improved after adjuvant chemotherapy in all patients (57.4% vs. 40.3%, p=0.007), and the survival benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy was significant in patients with negative node pathology (70.8% vs. 39.7%, p=0.004). Adjuvant radiotherapy did not affect the 5-year OS (54.6% vs. 48.5%, p=0.458). Age (hazard ratio [HR], 1.032; p=0.017), node metastasis (HR, 2.190; p < 0.001), and adjuvant chemotherapy (HR, 0.558; p=0.019) were associated with OS. @*Conclusion@#Adjuvant chemotherapy after surgical resection in patients with SCLC improved the OS, though adjuvant radiotherapy to the mediastinum did not improve the survival or decrease the locoregional recurrence rate.

3.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 189-189, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939211

ABSTRACT

“This study was reviewed and approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB approval no., 2019-02-095) and informed consent was waived” is to be added at the end of methods section.

4.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 16-24, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939208

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Optimal graft selection for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction remains debatable. We report an analysis of our experiences of isolated CABG in patients with severe LV dysfunction and the impact of graft strategy on long-term outcomes.@*METHODS@#We analyzed 209 patients with severe LV dysfunction (ejection fraction [EF] <30%) who underwent primary isolated CABG. Of these, 169 were revascularized with a bilateral internal thoracic arterial (ITA) graft (BITA group) and 40 were revascularized with a single ITA graft (SITA group). The mean follow-up duration was 22±32 months.@*RESULTS@#There were 18 early deaths (8.6%). Overall survival at 5 years was 66.7%. The rate of freedom from cardiac-related death at 5 years was 74.1%, and was significantly higher in patients who underwent off-pump CABG (p=0.005) and in the BITA group (p=0.023). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that old age (hazard ratio [HR], 2.548; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.134–5.762; p=0.024), off-pump CABG (HR, 0.245; 95% CI, 0.090–0.661; p=0.006), and BITA grafts (HR, 0.333; 95% CI, 0.146–0.757; p=0.009) were correlated with cardiac mortality.@*CONCLUSION@#CABG in patients with severe LV dysfunction (EF < 30%) showed reasonable long-term outcomes. The rate of freedom from cardiac-related death was significantly higher in patients who underwent off-pump CABG and in the BITA group. Off-pump BITA grafting strategies can be accepted as a viable primary option in patients with severe LV dysfunction if performed by an experienced surgeon.

5.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 47-50, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939202

ABSTRACT

Thoracic splenosis is a rare disease that develops as a result of autotransplantation of splenic tissue into the thoracic cavity following splenic and diaphragmatic injury. We report the case of a 53-year-old man with a chief complaint of heartburn and cough. He had a history of traumatic diaphragmatic rupture treated with surgical repair and splenectomy 15 years ago. Imaging studies revealed a paraesophageal mass, and surgical resection was performed considering the possibility of Castleman disease or an esophageal submucosal tumor. Pathologic results showed findings of normal splenic tissue. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 5 without any complications.

6.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 16-24, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742338

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Optimal graft selection for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction remains debatable. We report an analysis of our experiences of isolated CABG in patients with severe LV dysfunction and the impact of graft strategy on long-term outcomes. METHODS: We analyzed 209 patients with severe LV dysfunction (ejection fraction [EF] <30%) who underwent primary isolated CABG. Of these, 169 were revascularized with a bilateral internal thoracic arterial (ITA) graft (BITA group) and 40 were revascularized with a single ITA graft (SITA group). The mean follow-up duration was 22±32 months. RESULTS: There were 18 early deaths (8.6%). Overall survival at 5 years was 66.7%. The rate of freedom from cardiac-related death at 5 years was 74.1%, and was significantly higher in patients who underwent off-pump CABG (p=0.005) and in the BITA group (p=0.023). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that old age (hazard ratio [HR], 2.548; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.134–5.762; p=0.024), off-pump CABG (HR, 0.245; 95% CI, 0.090–0.661; p=0.006), and BITA grafts (HR, 0.333; 95% CI, 0.146–0.757; p=0.009) were correlated with cardiac mortality. CONCLUSION: CABG in patients with severe LV dysfunction (EF < 30%) showed reasonable long-term outcomes. The rate of freedom from cardiac-related death was significantly higher in patients who underwent off-pump CABG and in the BITA group. Off-pump BITA grafting strategies can be accepted as a viable primary option in patients with severe LV dysfunction if performed by an experienced surgeon.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiomyopathies , Coronary Artery Bypass , Coronary Vessels , Follow-Up Studies , Freedom , Mammary Arteries , Mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Transplants , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left
7.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 47-50, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742332

ABSTRACT

Thoracic splenosis is a rare disease that develops as a result of autotransplantation of splenic tissue into the thoracic cavity following splenic and diaphragmatic injury. We report the case of a 53-year-old man with a chief complaint of heartburn and cough. He had a history of traumatic diaphragmatic rupture treated with surgical repair and splenectomy 15 years ago. Imaging studies revealed a paraesophageal mass, and surgical resection was performed considering the possibility of Castleman disease or an esophageal submucosal tumor. Pathologic results showed findings of normal splenic tissue. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 5 without any complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Autografts , Cough , Castleman Disease , Heartburn , Rare Diseases , Rupture , Splenectomy , Splenosis , Thoracic Cavity , Transplantation, Autologous
8.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 189-189, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761845

ABSTRACT

“This study was reviewed and approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB approval no., 2019-02-095) and informed consent was waived” is to be added at the end of methods section.


Subject(s)
Coronary Artery Bypass , Coronary Vessels , Ethics Committees, Research , Informed Consent , Transplants , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left
9.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 363-370, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-10926

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is widely used in refractory heart or lung failure, and the demand for inter-facility transportation on ECLS is expanding. However, little is known about post-transportation outcomes, the clinical safety of such transportation, or the characteristics of the transported patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of a 3-year, single-institution experience with inter-facility ECLS transport, as well as a comparative analysis of clinical outcomes with those of in-house patients. We also analyzed the risk factors for hospital mortality in the entire ECLS population using univariate and multivariate analyses to investigate the effects of transport. RESULTS: All 44 patients were safely transported without adverse events. The average travel distance was 178.7 km, with an average travel time of 74.0 minutes. Early survival of the transported group seemed to be better than that of the in-house group, but the difference was not statistically significant (70.5% vs. 56.6%, p=0.096). The incidence of complications was similar between the 2 groups, except for critical limb ischemia, which was significantly more common in the transported group than in the in-house group (25.0% vs. 8.1%, p=0.017). After adjusting for confounders, being part of the transported group was not a predictor of early death (adjusted odds ratio, 0.689; p=0.397). CONCLUSION: Transportation of patients on ECLS is relatively safe, and the clinical outcomes of transported patients are comparable to those of in-house ECLS patients. Although matched studies are required, our study demonstrates that transporting patients on ECLS did not increase their risk of hospital mortality after adjustment for other factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Extremities , Heart , Hospital Mortality , Incidence , Ischemia , Lung , Multivariate Analysis , Odds Ratio , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Transportation , Transportation of Patients
10.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 456-459, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-175184

ABSTRACT

A 66-year-old patient undergoing regular follow-up at Samsung Medical Center after left lower lobectomy visited the emergency department around 9 months postoperatively because of nausea and vomiting after routine esophagogastroduodenoscopy at a local clinic. Abdominal computed tomography showed the stomach herniating into the left thoracic cavity. We explored the pleural cavity via video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). Adhesiolysis around the herniated stomach and laparotomic reduction under video assistance were successfully performed. The diaphragmatic defect was repaired via VATS. The postoperative course was uneventful, and he was discharged with resolved digestive tract symptoms.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Diaphragm , Emergency Service, Hospital , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrointestinal Tract , Hernia , Hernia, Diaphragmatic , Nausea , Pleural Cavity , Stomach , Thoracic Cavity , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Vomiting
11.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 479-479, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-175177

ABSTRACT

We would like to correct the affiliation number to match the author and affiliation name.

12.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 122-125, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-77128

ABSTRACT

Postpartum aortic intramural hematoma (IMH) is a rare but potentially lethal condition. We report a case of aortic IMH with massive hemothorax in a postpartum woman. The patient was a 31-year-old woman who had delivered twins by cesarean section. Two days after delivery, she complained of sudden-onset dyspnea. Chest computed tomography revealed a massive left hemothorax. Exploratory thoracotomy was performed, and we found a defect measuring approximately 6 mm in the adventitial layer of the thoracic aorta and an IMH. We repaired the defect primarily, and no more bleeding was observed. The patient was discharged on the 19th postoperative day without any complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Aorta, Thoracic , Cesarean Section , Dyspnea , Hematoma , Hemorrhage , Hemothorax , Postpartum Period , Thoracotomy , Thorax , Twins
13.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 210-213, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-181105

ABSTRACT

Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) is widely used in patients with cardiogenic shock. Insufficient decompression of the left ventricle (LV) is considered a major factor preventing adequate LV recovery. A 40-year-old male was diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction, and revascularization was performed using percutaneous stenting. However, cardiogenic shock occurred, and VA ECMO was initiated. Severe LV failure developed, and percutaneous transaortic catheter venting (TACV) was incorporated into the venous circuit of VA ECMO under transthoracic echocardiography guidance. The patient was successfully weaned from VA ECMO. Percutaneous TACV is an effective, relatively noninvasive, and rapid method of LV decompression in patients undergoing VA ECMO.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Catheters , Decompression , Echocardiography , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Heart Ventricles , Myocardial Infarction , Shock, Cardiogenic , Stents
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL