Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 236
Filter
1.
Intestinal Research ; : 510-517, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000604

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Patients with more than 10 cumulative polyps might involve a greater genetic risk of colorectal neoplasia development. However, few studies have investigated the risk factors of polyposis recurrence and development of advanced neoplasms among patients with non-hereditary colorectal polyposis. @*Methods@#This study included patients (n=855) with 10 or more cumulative polyps diagnosed at Severance Hospital from January 2012 to September 2021. Patients with known genetic mutations related to polyposis, known hereditary polyposis syndromes, insufficient information, total colectomy, and less than 3 years of follow-up were excluded. Finally, 169 patients were included for analysis. We collected clinical data, including colonoscopy surveillance results, and performed Cox regression analyses of risk factors for polyposis recurrence and advanced neoplasm development. @*Results@#The 169 patients were predominantly male (84.02%), with a mean age of 64.19±9.92 years. The mean number of adenomas on index colonoscopy was 15.33±8.47. Multivariable analysis revealed history of cancer except colon cancer (hazard ratio [HR], 2.23; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.23–4.01), current smoking (HR, 2.39; 95% CI, 1.17–4.87), and detection of many polyps (≥15) on index colonoscopy (HR, 2.05; 95% CI, 1.21–3.50) were significant risk factors for recurrence of polyposis. We found no statistically significant risk factors for advanced neoplasm development during surveillance among our cohort. @*Conclusions@#The presence of many polyps (≥15) on index colonoscopy, history of cancer except colon cancer, and current smoking state were significant risk factors for polyposis recurrence among patients with non-hereditary colorectal polyposis.

2.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 111-116, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968876

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Behçet’s disease (BD) is a chronic inflammatory immune-mediated disease involving multiorgan systems. Gastrointestinal (GI) manifestations of BD include abdominal pain, vomiting, GI bleeding, fistula formation, obstruction, and perforation that might require surgery. Recently, anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha (anti-TNF-α) therapy has been shown to have favorable outcomes in patients with intestinal BD who are refractory to conventional therapy. This study sought to figure out the risk factors for undergoing surgery during anti-TNF-α therapy in patients with intestinal BD. @*Materials and Methods@#In this retrospective analysis of intestinal BD patients who were treated with anti-TNF-α, we collected the baseline patient data including comorbidities, clinical, endoscopic, and radiologic characteristics, and the Disease Activity Index for Intestinal Behçet’s Disease at the time of anti-TNF-α initiation. Each potential risk factor was compared. For multivariate analysis, Cox regression was used. @*Results@#A total of 62 patients were considered eligible for analysis, and 15 of them (24.1%) underwent surgery. In univariate analysis, the presence of extraintestinal manifestation, such as joint symptoms and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), were significantly associated with surgery during therapy. In multivariate analysis, drug response within 4 weeks [hazard ratio (HR), 64.59], skin and joint manifestation (HR, 10.23 and HR, 6.22), geographic ulcer (HR, 743.97), and ESR >42.5 mm/h (HR, 9.16) were found to be factors predictive of undergoing surgery during anti-TNF-α therapy. @*Conclusion@#We found five risk factors predictive of surgery in patients with intestinal BD receiving anti-TNF-α therapy, which can guide physicians in selecting appropriate patients between anti-TNF-α therapy and early surgery.

3.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 541-548, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003250

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to assess disease characteristics and outcomes of transition in patient care among adolescent patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). @*Materials and Methods@#Data from patients younger than 18 years who were diagnosed with IBD (Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, or intestinal Behçet’s disease) were investigated. We categorized the patients into two groups: transition IBD group (Group A, diagnosed in pediatric care followed by transfer to/attendance in adult IBD care) and non-transition group (Group B, diagnosed and followed up in pediatric care or adult IBD care without transfer). @*Results@#Data from a total of 242 patients [Group A (n=29, 12.0%), Group B (n=213, 88.0%)] were analyzed. A significantly higher number of patients was diagnosed at an earlier age in Group A than in Group B (p<0.001). Group A patients had more severe disease in terms of number of disease flare ups (p=0.011) and frequency of bowel-related complications (p<0.001). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that Group B patients had more medical non-compliance than Group A patients (β=2.31, p=0.018). After transition, IBD-related admission frequency, emergency admission frequency, disease flare frequency, and medical non-compliance were significantly improved. @*Conclusion@#The transition IBD group had more severe disease. Medical non-compliance was lower in the transition IBD group.Clinical outcomes improved after transition.

4.
Gut and Liver ; : 53-61, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914379

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Previous studies have investigated the relationship between visceral obesity and the risk of colorectal tumors. Visceral obesity may affect the outcome of colorectal cancer (CRC), including survival and metastasis. We investigated the associations between visceral adipose tissue and oncologic outcomes in stage III CRC. @*Methods@#Four hundred seventy-two patients with stage III CRC were identified. Subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue areas were measured volumetrically via computed tomography for each patient at different levels of the lumbar spine. After adjusting for age, sex, and other clinical factors, the effects of visceral adipose tissue area on mortality and recurrence were assessed using Cox proportional hazard regression. @*Results@#In univariate and multivariate analyses, a higher visceral adipose tissue to total adipose tissue (VT) ratio (hazard ratio [HR], 1.041; 95% CI, 1.008 to 1.075; p=0.015) and higher visceral adipose tissue to subcutaneous adipose tissue (VS) ratio (HR, 1.016; 95% CI, 1.005 to 1.028; p=0.006) were both associated with poor CRC-specific survival. Interestingly, in the evaluation of each site of recurrence, a higher VT ratio (HR, 1.069; 95% CI, 1.010 to 1.131; p=0.020) and higher VS ratio (HR, 1.024; 95% CI, 1.003 to 1.045; p=0.023) were both related to a higher risk of peritoneal seeding and tumor recurrence. The VT ratio at the L3–L4 level was significantly associated with a higher risk of peritoneal seeding and tumor recurrence (HR, 4.969; 95% CI, 1.303 to 18.949; p=0.019), while other levels showed no such relationship. @*Conclusions@#Visceral obesity is closely related to increased risks of CRC-specific mortality and peritoneal seeding metastasis in stage III CRC patients.

5.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 567-578, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927035

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The optimal tools for monitoring Crohn’s disease (CD) are controversial. We compared radiology plus ileocolonoscopy and radiology alone in terms of prognosis prediction and evaluated the agreement between radiologic and ileocolonoscopic findings in patients with CD. @*Methods@#Patients with CD who were followed up with computed tomography enterography (CTE) or magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) alone or CTE or MRE plus ileocolonoscopy were retrospectively recruited. Time to relapse was investigated to evaluate the difference in prognosis using the log-rank and Cox regression tests, and the agreement between radiologic and ileocolonoscopic findings was determined using a kappa value. @*Results@#A total of 501 patients with CD in clinical remission who underwent CTE or MRE and/or ileocolonoscopy were analyzed. Of these, 372 (74.3%) patients underwent CTE or MRE alone and 129 (25.7%) patients underwent CTE or MRE plus ileocolonoscopy. The cumulative maintenance rate of clinical remission between the two groups was not significantly different (p = 0.526, log-rank test). In multivariate analysis, age <40 years (hazard ratio [HR], 2.756; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.263 to 6.013) and a history of steroid use (HR, 2.212; 95% CI, 1.258 to 3.577) were found to independently predict an increased risk for clinical relapse in patients with CD in clinical remission. Radiologic and ileocolonoscopic findings had a moderate degree of agreement (κ = 0.401, –0.094 to 0.142). The comparison of agreement between radiologic and ileocolonoscopic findings was the highest in the anastomotic site (κ = 0.749, –0.168 to 0.377). @*Conclusions@#Radiology plus ileocolonoscopy was not superior to radiology alone in predicting the prognosis of CD.

6.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 97-105, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926733

ABSTRACT

Background@#/Aim: The aim of this study was to compare clinical features of hypertriglyceridemia-induced acute pancreatitis (HTGAP) with those of biliary acute pancreatitis (BAP) and alcoholic acute pancreatitis (AAP), respectively. @*Methods@#Medical records of patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) who were admitted to our institution from January 2014 to December 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Disease severity and local complications were evaluated according to the 2012 Revised Atlanta Classification. Systemic complications were evaluated according to the Modified Marshall Scoring System. @*Results@#Of the total 610 patients with AP, those with BAP, AAP, and HTGAP were 310 (50.8%), 144 (23.6%), and 17 (2.8%), respectively. Compared with BAP, HTGAP showed higher proportion of moderately severe acute pancreatitis (MSAP) (64.7% vs. 28.1%, p<0.001) and severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) (17.6% vs. 5.5%, p <0.001). And HTGAP showed more local complications (76.5% vs. 26.8%, p<0.001) and higher recurrence rate (52.9% vs. 6.5%, p <0.001), but there was no significant difference in systemic complications (23.5% vs. 11.6%, p =0.140). Contrarily, there was no significant difference between HTGAP and AAP with respect to disease severity (64.7% vs. 63.9% in MSAP and 17.6% vs. 6.9% in SAP, p =0.181), local complications (76.5% vs. 67.4%, p =0.445), recurrence rate (52.9% vs. 32.6%, p =0.096), and systemic complications (23.5% vs. 11.5%, p =0.233). @*Conclusions@#HTGAP showed higher disease severity, more local complications, and higher recurrence rate than BAP. However, there was no significant difference in clinical features between HTGAP and BAP.

7.
Gut and Liver ; : 414-422, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925032

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Many patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) undergo intestinal resection during the disease course. Despite surgery, postoperative recurrence (POR) commonly occurs. Although postoperative use of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) inhibitors is known to be effective in preventing POR, few studies have evaluated the effectiveness of continuing the same TNF-α inhibitors postoperatively in patients who received TNF-ɑ inhibitors before surgery. @*Methods@#This retrospective observational study was performed in a single tertiary medical center. We retrospectively reviewed patients who had undergone the first intestinal resection due to CD and divided them into two groups: TNF-α inhibitor users in both the preoperative and postoperative periods, and TNF-α inhibitor users in only the preoperative period. We compared the clinical outcomes between these two groups. @*Results@#In total, 45 patients who used TNF-α inhibitors preoperatively were recruited. Among them, TNF-α inhibitors were used postoperatively in 20 patients (44.4%). The baseline characteristics except age at diagnosis were similar in both groups. The rates of surgical and endoscopic recurrence were not different between the two groups, but the cumulative clinical recurrence rate was significantly lower in the postoperative TNF-α inhibitors group (log-rank p=0.003). In multivariate Cox regression analysis, postoperative TNF-α inhibitors use was significantly associated with a decreased risk of clinical recurrence (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.204; 95% confidence interval, 0.060 to 0.691; p=0.011). @*Conclusions@#Continuing TNF-α inhibitors postoperatively in patients who were receiving TNF-α inhibitors before surgery significantly reduced the rate of clinical recurrence. For patients with CD who received TNF-α inhibitors preoperatively, continuing their use after surgery could be recommended.

8.
Gut and Liver ; : 259-268, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925001

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Polyethylene glycol (PEG)-based bowel preparations are effective cleansing agents for colonoscopy. However, they require relatively large volumes to be used even with agents such as 2 L PEG with ascorbate (2LPEG). This phase 3, randomized, single-blinded, multicenter, parallel-group study compared the efficacy of 1 L PEG with high-dose ascorbate, TJP-008, to 2LPEG. @*Methods@#Patients undergoing colonoscopy were randomized (1:1:1) to receive TJP-008 as 1-day split dose (TJP-008-1) or 2-day split dose (TJP-008-2) regimen or to receive 2LPEG as a 2-day split dose regimen. Cleansing efficacy was evaluated using the Harefield Cleansing Scale. The primary endpoint was overall bowel cleansing success. Full analysis set (FAS) and per protocol set (PPS) analyses were performed. @*Results@#Of the 314 screened patients, efficacy was assessed in the following patient numbers (FAS/PPS): total (293/285), TJP-008-1 (98/94), TJP-008-2 (97/95), and 2LPEG (98/96). FAS revealed noninferiority between TJP-008 and 2LPEG with regard to overall success (TJP-008-2, 99.0%; TJP-008-1, 95.9%; 2LPEG, 94.9%; p=0.100 and p=0.733, respectively). PPS also showed noninferiority (p=0.721 and p=0.211, respectively). However, the PPS analyses showed a higher bowel cleansing score for TJP-008-2 for high-quality cleansing in the right colon (TJP-008-2 83.2% vs 2LPEG 62.5%; p=0.005). @*Conclusions@#TJP-008 is a new low-volume cleansing agent with a colon cleansing efficacy comparable to that of standard 2LPEG that exhibits significant safety and tolerability

9.
Gut and Liver ; : 232-242, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874591

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitors infliximab and adalimumab are standard treatments for moderate to severe ulcerative colitis (UC). However, there has been no headto-head comparison of treatment efficacy and outcomes between the two agents. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and long-term outcomes of infliximab versus adalimumab treatment in biologic-naïve patients with UC. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed the records of 113 biologic-naïve patients with UC who were treated between September 2012 and December 2017 (the infliximab group [n=83] and the adalimumab group [n=30]). We compared remission and response rates between these groups at 8 and 52 weeks. We used Kaplan-Meier curves to compare long-term outcomes, and logistic regression analysis and Cox-proportional hazard regression models to assess factors affecting outcomes. @*Results@#The median follow-up duration was 25.8 months. Baseline clinical characteristics were similar between groups. There were no significant differences between the two groups in the rate of clinical remission or clinical response at 8 or 52 weeks. Multivariate analyses also showed that long-term outcomes were not significantly different (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.45; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.81 to 2.56; p=0.208). An elevated C-reactive protein level (greater than 5 mg/L) was a significant predictive factor for poor outcomes (adjusted HR, 2.25; 95% CI, 1.37 to 3.70; p=0.001). During the follow-up period, the rates of adverse event were not significantly different between the two groups (p=0.441). @*Conclusions@#In our study, infliximab and adalimumab had similar treatment efficacy and longterm outcomes in biologic-naïve patients with moderate to severe UC.

10.
Gut and Liver ; : 858-866, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914359

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Few studies have investigated terminal ileal lesions and their prognostic value in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). We evaluated the clinical significance of these lesions as a prognostic factor in patients with UC who were in clinical remission. @*Methods@#We retrospectively selected 567 of 4,066 colonoscopy reports that included positive findings from orificial observations of the terminal ileum (TI) and appendix in patients with UC. We finally recruited patients who were in clinical remission (n=204). We compared the clinical courses, including relapse and other prognostic parameters associated with UC, between the groups. @*Results@#The baseline patient characteristics were not significantly different between patients with (n=69, TI+ group) and without TI lesions (n=135, TI– group), although there were more never-smokers in the TI+ group (n=57 [82.6%] in the TI+ group; n=86 [63.7%] in the TI– group; p=0.005). Of note, appendiceal orifice inflammation (AOI) was less frequently found in the TI+ group (14.5%) than in the TI– group (71.9%, p<0.001). The cumulative relapse rate was numerically higher in the TI– group, but it was not significantly different according to the Kaplan-Meier analysis (p=0.116). Multivariate Cox regression analysis also revealed advanced age at diagnosis as the most significant factor (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.964; 95% confidence interval, 0.932 to 0.998; p=0.037), but neither TI inflammation nor AOI were significantly associated with the cumulative relapse rate in patients with UC in clinical remission. @*Conclusions@#For patients with UC in clinical remission, neither terminal ileal lesions nor AOI had significant clinical or predictive value for future relapse.

11.
Neurointervention ; : 67-73, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837024

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We applied a low-dose fluoroscopic protocol in routine diagnostic cerebral angiography and evaluated the feasibility of the protocol. @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed a total of 60 patients who underwent diagnostic cerebral angiography for various neurovascular diseases from September to November 2019. Routine protocols were used for patients in the first phase and low-dose protocols in the second phase. We compared radiation dose, fluoroscopy time, and complications between groups. @*Results@#Age, diseases, and operators were not significantly different between the two groups. The mean fluoroscopy dose significantly decreased by 52% in the low-dose group (3.09 vs. 6.38 Gy·cm2 ); however, the total dose was not significantly different between the two groups (34.07 vs. 33.70 Gy·cm2 ). The total fluoroscopic time was slightly longer in the low-dose group, but the difference was not statistically significant (12.2. vs. 12.5 minutes). In all patients, angiography was successfully performed without complications. @*Conclusion@#The low-dose fluoroscopy protocol is feasible to apply for diagnostic cerebral angiography in that this protocol could significantly reduce the fluoroscopic dose.

12.
Journal of Cancer Prevention ; : 13-20, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835634

ABSTRACT

Some studies have reported a decrease in the natural killer (NK) cell activity in smokers. However, large-scale data on the relationshipbetween NK cell activity and smoking are unavailable. A cross-sectional study was performed on 12,249 asymptomatic examineeswho underwent an NK cell activity test, between January 2016 and May 2017. The test quantitated the amount of interferon-γsecreted into the plasma by NK cells, using a patented stimulatory cytokine. The mean age of the study population was 39.1 years,and the proportions of “never”, “former”, and “current” smokers were 65.5%, 20.9%, and 13.6%, respectively. Current smokers (1,422pg/mL) had a lower median level of NK cell activity than never smokers (1,504 pg/mL, P = 0.039) and former smokers (1,791 pg/mL, P < 0.001). Among current smokers, NK cell activity decreased with increase in the number of cigarettes smoked among currentsmokers (median, 1,537, 1,429, and 1,175 pg/mL at <10, 10-19, and ≥ 20 pack-years, respectively; P < 0.001). Additionally, itdecreased linearly with increasing quartiles of cotinine levels (median, 1,707, 1,636, 1,348, and 1,292 pg/mL at cotinine levels < 292,292-879, 880-1,509, and ≥ 1,510 ng/mL, respectively; r = –0.122, P < 0.001). NK cell activity was lower in current smokers. It alsodecreased with an increase in the number of cigarettes smoked, and it was negatively correlated with cotinine levels among currentsmokers. Our findings indicate a clear relationship between smoking and decreased NK cell activity.

13.
Intestinal Research ; : 85-95, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834406

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are usually hospitalized because of aggravated gastrointestinal symptoms. Many clinicians empirically advise these patients to fast once they are admitted. However, there has been no evidence that maintaining a complete bowel rest improves the disease course. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effects of fasting on disease course in admitted patients with IBD or intestinal Behçet’s disease. @*Methods@#A total of 222 patients with IBD or intestinal Behçet’s disease, who were admitted for disease-related symptoms, were retrospectively analyzed. We divided them into 2 groups: fasting group (allowed to take sips of water but no food at the time of admission) and dietary group (received liquid, soft, or general diet). @*Results@#On admission, 124 patients (55.9%) started fasting and 98 patients (44.1%) started diet immediately. Among patients hospitalized through the emergency room, a significantly higher proportion underwent fasting (63.7% vs. 21.4%, P<0.001); however, 96.0% of the patients experienced dietary changes. Corticosteroid use (P<0.001; hazard ratio, 2.445; 95% confidence interval, 1.506–3.969) was significantly associated with a reduction in the disease activity score, although there was no significant difference between the fasting group and the dietary group in disease activity reduction (P=0.111) on multivariate analysis. @*Conclusions@#In terms of disease activity reduction, there was no significant difference between the fasting and dietary groups in admitted patients with IBD, suggesting that imprudent fasting is not helpful in improving the disease course. Therefore, peroral diet should not be avoided unless not tolerated by the patient.

14.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 572-278, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833350

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Wnt and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) are major molecular signaling pathways associated with the development and progression of tumor, as well as the maintenance and proliferation of cancer stem cells (CSCs), in colorectal cancer (CRC). Identifying patients at risk of poor prognosis is important to determining whether to add adjuvant treatment in stage II CRC and thus improve survival. In the present study, we evaluated the prognostic value of Wnt, mTOR, and CSC markers as survival predictors in stage II CRC. @*Materials and Methods@#We identified 148 cases of stage II CRC and acquired their tumor tissue. Tissue microarrays for immunohistochemical staining were constructed, and the expressions of CD166, CD44, EphB2, β-catenin, pS6 were evaluated using immunohistochemical staining. @*Results@#The expressions of CD166 (p=0.045) and pS6 (p=0.045) and co-expression of pS6/CD166 (p=0.005), pS6/CD44 (p=0.042), and pS6/CD44/CD166 (p=0.013) were negatively correlated with cancer-specific survival. Cox proportional hazard analysis showed the combination of CD166/pS6 [hazard ratio, 9.42; 95% confidence interval, 2.36–37.59; p=0.002] to be the most significant predictor related with decreased cancer-specific survival. In addition, co-expression of CD44/CD166 (p=0.017), CD166/ β-catenin (p=0.036), CD44/β-catenin (p=0.001), and CD44/CD166/β-catenin (p=0.001) were significant factors associated with liver metastasis. @*Conclusion@#Specific combinations of CSC markers and β-catenin/mTOR signaling could be a significant predictor of poor survival in stage II CRC.

15.
Journal of Cancer Prevention ; : 1-10, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764301

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The influence of family history (FH) on cancer recurrence and survival among patients with established colorectal cancer (CRC) remains uncertain. This study aimed to evaluate the association of FH with cancer recurrence, survival, and the incidence of colorectal adenomas in patients with CRC. METHODS: Consecutive patients with stage III CRC diagnosed between 2004 and 2009 and followed-up in Severance Hospital were retrospectively enrolled and followed until December 2014. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) according to FH of CRC or colorectal neoplasm were evaluated using Cox proportional hazards regression and Kaplan–Meier curve. RESULTS: Among analyzed 979 patients, 69 (7.0%) was identified as having a FH of CRC in a first-degree relative. During a median follow-up of 9.6 years, mortality occurred in 14 of 69 patients (20.3%) with a FH of CRC and 348 of 910 patients (38.2%) without a FH. Compared with patients without a FH, a first-degree FH of CRC, first or second-degree FH of CRC, and first-degree FH of colorectal neoplasm (CRC or polyps) were associated with a significant reduction in the risk of overall mortality, with adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) of 0.52 (95% CI, 0.29–0.92), 0.51 (95% CI, 0.30–0.88), and 0.48 (95% CI, 0.28–0.82), respectively. However, DFS improvement was significant only when the definition of FH was FH of colorectal neoplasm (adjusted HR 0.57; 95% CI, 0.36–0.89). The incidence of adenoma and advanced adenoma was not different according to the FH. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with stage III CRC receiving curative surgery, a FH of colorectal neoplasm was associated with a reduction in cancer recurrence and mortality. The larger scaled studies are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenoma , Colorectal Neoplasms , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Incidence , Mortality , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
16.
Journal of Cancer Prevention ; : 48-53, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764295

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) and NELSON trial showed that low-dose chest computed tomography (LDCT) screening significantly reduced the mortality form lung cancer. Although cancer survivors are known to have high risk for second malignant neoplasm (SMN), the usefulness of LDCT screening for lung cancer in cancer survivors is not clear. METHODS: Between August 2016 and August 2017, 633 long-term colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors visited the survivorship clinic in Cancer Prevention Center, Yonsei Cancer Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea. We surveyed the smoking status and recommended LDCT screening to ever-smoking CRC survivors aged 55–80 years. The participants were classified into three risk groups: risk group 1 (RG1) who met the NLST criteria (Age 55–74 years, ≥ 30 pack-years of smoking, smoking cessation < 15 years); risk group 2 (RG2) who would not meet the NLST criteria but were at increased 6-year risk of lung cancer (PLCOM2012 ≥ 0.0151); risk group 3 (RG3) who did not meet any of the criteria above. RESULTS: Among 176 ever-smoking CRC survivors, 173 (98.3%) were male, 32 (18.2%) were current-smoker, and median age was 66 years (range, 55–79 years). We found 38 positive findings (non-calcified nodule ≥ 4 mm), 8 clinically significant findings, 66 minor abnormalities, and 64 negative findings on LDCT. Positive findings were identified in 15 of 79 (19.0%) of RG1, in 9 of 36 (25%) of RG2, and in 14 of 61 (23.0%) of RG3. Second primary lung cancers were found in 2 patients of RG2, and in 1 patient of RG3. SMN was most frequently found in RG2 (11 of 36 patients, 30.6%), compared with RG1 (12.7%) or RG3 (9.8%) (P = 0.016). CONCLUSIONS: LDCT screening for lung cancer in Korean CRC survivors is feasible. Well-designed clinical trial for defining high risk patients for lung cancer among CRC survivors is needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Colorectal Neoplasms , Early Detection of Cancer , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Mass Screening , Mortality , Neoplasms, Second Primary , Republic of Korea , Seoul , Smoke , Smoking , Smoking Cessation , Survival Rate , Survivors , Thorax
17.
Intestinal Research ; : 315-318, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714176

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Methotrexate
18.
19.
Gut and Liver ; : 530-536, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717032

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Benign intestinal strictures are common complications in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study aimed to assess the long-term prognosis of endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) to treat benign strictures in IBD patients. METHODS: Patients with IBD who had benign strictures and who underwent EBD in four tertiary referral university hospitals between January 2004 and February 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Technical success was defined as the ability to pass the scope through the stricture after balloon dilation, and clinical success was defined as improved obstructive symptoms. RESULTS: Forty-two benign strictures were identified in 30 patients (15 males and 15 females). Technical success was achieved in 26 patients (86.7%) at the first EBD attempt and in all 30 patients (100%) at the second EBD attempt. Clinical success was seen in 28 patients (93.3%). The median follow-up duration was 134.8 months (range, 10.2 to 252.0 months), and recurrence occurred in eight patients (26.7%), who required repeat EBD. The median duration to relapse was 1.7 months (range, 0.2 to 6.3 months). During repeat EBD, perforation occurred in two cases (6.7%), which were both clipped successfully. Finally, only one patient (3.3%) underwent surgery for the relief of recurrent obstructive symptoms during the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: The experience of 10 years shows that EBD is safe and effective for the treatment of benign strictures in IBD patients. Importantly, EBD may allow long-term effective palliation of the symptoms associated with benign intestinal strictures in IBD patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Colitis, Ulcerative , Constriction, Pathologic , Crohn Disease , Follow-Up Studies , Hospitals, University , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Prognosis , Recurrence , Referral and Consultation , Retrospective Studies
20.
Gut and Liver ; : 674-681, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718119

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The cumulative surgery rate and postoperative relapse of intestinal Behcet’s disease (BD) have been reported to be high. This study aimed to establish a scoring system based on follow-up endoscopic findings that can predict intestinal BD recurrence after surgery. METHODS: Fifty-four patients with intestinal BD who underwent surgery due to bowel complications and underwent follow-up colonoscopy were retrospectively investigated. Their clinical data, including colonoscopic findings, were retrieved. Classification and regression tree analysis was used to develop an appropriate endoscopic classification model that can explain the postsurgical recurrence of intestinal BD most accurately based on the following classification: e0, no lesions; e1, solitary ulcer < 20 mm in size; e2, solitary ulcer ≥ 20 mm in size; and e3, multiple ulcers regardless of size. RESULTS: Clinical relapse occurred in 37 patients (68.5%). Among 38 patients with colonoscopic recurrence, only 29 patients had clinically relapsed. Multivariate analysis identified higher disease activity index for intestinal BD at colonoscopy (hazard ratio [HR], 1.013; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.005 to 1.021; p=0.002) and colonoscopic recurrence (HR, 2.829; 95% CI, 1.223 to 6.545; p=0.015) as independent risk factors for clinical relapse of intestinal BD. Endoscopic findings were classified into four groups, and multivariate analysis showed that the endoscopic score was an independent risk factor of clinical relapse (p=0.012). The risk of clinical relapse was higher in the e3 group compared to the e0 group (HR, 6.284; 95% CI, 2.036 to 19.391; p=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This new endoscopic scoring system could predict clinical relapse in patients after surgical resection of intestinal BD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Behcet Syndrome , Classification , Colonoscopy , Endoscopy , Follow-Up Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Postoperative Care , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Trees , Ulcer
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL