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1.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 620-640, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003066

ABSTRACT

We aimed to develop evidence-based recommendations for treating axial spondylarthritis (axSpA) in Korea. The development committee was constructed, key clinical questions were determined, and the evidence was searched through online databases including MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane, KoreaMed, and Kmbase. Systematic literature reviews were conducted, quality of evidence was determined, and draft recommendations were formulated according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluations methodology. Recommendations that reached 80% consensus among a voting panel were finalized. Three principles and 21 recommendations were determined. Recommendations 1 and 2 pertain to treatment strategies, regular disease status assessment, and rheumatologist-steered multidisciplinary management. Recommendations 3 and 4 strongly recommend patient education, exercise, and smoking cessation. Recommendations 5–12 address pharmacological treatment of active disease using nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, glucocorticoids, sulfasalazine, biologics, and Janus kinase inhibitors. Recommendations 13–16 address treatment in stable disease. We suggest against spa and acupuncture as therapies (Recommendation 17). Recommendations 18 and 19 pertain to total hip arthroplasty and spinal surgery. Monitoring of comorbidities and drug toxicities are recommended (Recommendations 20 and 21). Recommendations for axSpA treatment in a Korean context were developed based on comprehensive clinical questions and evidence. These are intended to guide best practice in the treatment of axSpA.

2.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 243-250, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001546

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Bone morphogenetic protein receptor type 2 (BMPR2) has been associated with radiographic changes in ankylosing spondylitis (AS), but further characterization of the cellular signaling pathway in osteoprogenitor (OP) is not clearly understood.The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of BMPR2 and bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2)-mediated responsibility in AS. @*Methods@#We collected 10 healthy control (HC) and 14 AS-OPs derived from facet joints. Subsequently, we then conducted RNA sequencing with two samples per group and selected BMP-related genes. Facet joint tissues and derived primary OPs were evaluated by validation of selected RNA sequencing data, immunohistochemistry, and comparison of osteogenic differentiation potential. @*Results@#Based on RNA-sequencing analysis, we found that BMPR2 expression is higher in AS-OPs compared to in HC-OPs. We also validated the increased BMPR2 expression in facet joint tissues with AS and its derived OPs in messenger RNA and protein levels. Additionally, primary AS-OPs showed much greater response to osteogenic differentiation induced by BMP2 and a higher capacity for smad1/5/8-induced RUNX2 expression compared to HCs. @*Conclusion@#The expression of BMPR2 was found to be significantly increased in facet joint tissues of patients with AS. These findings suggest that BMPR2 may play a role in the BMP2-mediated progression of AS.

3.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 170-175, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001536

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of light-emitting diode therapy (LEDT) in the management of pain and stiffness in patients with refractory hand tenosynovitis to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. @*Methods@#A total of 12 patients were enrolled in the study and received LEDT twice a week for four weeks. Sociodemographic, clinical, and laboratory data were collected, and the visual analog scale (VAS) pain and stiffness scores of each hand were assessed every two weeks. The thickness of the flexor tendon in the patients’ hand was evaluated using ultrasonography. To investigate the molecular effects of LEDT, we measured the expression levels of type III collagen in tendon cells, with and without LEDT treatment. @*Results@#After undergoing LEDT, participants showed clinically significant improvements in VAS pain scores at weeks 2, 4, and 8 compared to their baseline, and in VAS stiffness scores at weeks 4 and 8. According to the ultrasonography results, there was a decreasing tendency in tendon thickness for each finger in week 8 compared to the baseline, but the difference was not statistically significant. No adverse events were reported. Additionally, our results indicated a significant increase in type III collagen levels in the LEDT group compared to the control group (1.48±0.18 vs. 0.99±0.02, p=0.031), indicating a potential molecular mechanism for the observed clinical improvements. @*Conclusion@#LEDT may provide a viable alternative to pharmacological treatments in the future, due to its simple and easy method of administration.

4.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 151-169, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001531

ABSTRACT

We aimed to develop evidence-based recommendations for treating axial spondylarthritis (axSpA) in Korea. The development committee was constructed, key clinical questions were determined, and the evidence was searched through online databases including MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane, KoreaMed, and KMbase. Systematic literature reviews were conducted, quality of evidence was determined, and draft recommendations were formulated according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluations methodology. Recommendations that reached 80% consensus among a voting panel were finalized. Three principles and 21 recommendations were determined. Recommendations 1 and 2 pertain to treatment strategies, regular disease status assessment, and rheumatologist-steered multidisciplinary management. Recommendations 3 and 4 strongly recommend patient education, exercise, and smoking cessation. Recommendations 5~12 address pharmacological treatment of active disease using nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, glucocorticoids, sulfasalazine, biologics, and Janus kinase inhibitors.Recommendations 13~16 address treatment in stable disease. We suggest against spa and acupuncture as therapies (Recommendation 17). Recommendations 18 and 19 pertain to total hip arthroplasty and spinal surgery. Monitoring of comorbidities and drug toxicities are recommended (Recommendations 20 and 21). Recommendations for axSpA treatment in a Korean context were developed based on comprehensive clinical questions and evidence. These are intended to guide best practice in the treatment of axSpA.

5.
Biomolecules & Therapeutics ; : 640-647, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999691

ABSTRACT

The skin, the largest organ in the body, undergoes age-related changes influenced by both intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The primary external factor is photoaging which causes hyperpigmentation, uneven skin surface, deep wrinkles, and markedly enlarged capillaries. In the human dermis, it decreases fibroblast function, resulting in a lack of collagen structure and also decreases keratinocyte function, which compromises the strength of the protective barrier. In this study, we found that treatment with γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) had no toxicity to skin fibroblasts and GABA enhanced their migration ability, which can accelerate skin wound healing. UVB radiation was found to significantly induce the production of matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP-1), but treatment with GABA resulted in the inhibition of MMP-1 production. We also investigated the enhancement of filaggrin and aquaporin 3 in keratinocytes after treatment with GABA, showing that GABA can effectively improve skin moisturization. In vivo experiments showed that oral administration of GABA significantly improved skin wrinkles and epidermal thickness. After the intake of GABA, there was a significant decrease observed in the increase of skin thickness measured by calipers and erythema. Additionally, the decrease in skin moisture and elasticity in hairless mice exposed to UVB radiation was also significantly restored. Overall, this study demonstrates the potential of GABA as functional food material for improving skin aging and moisturizing.

6.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 33-39, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915896

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Using microRNA (miR) as a biomarker has been a new way for diagnosing many diseases. Although many studies on miR-biomarker have been published, researches on miR-biomarker in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) are limited. Therefore, the objective of this study was to valiate a candidate serum miR as a novel disease-specific novel miR for AS. @*Methods@#Total RNAs were extracted from sera samples of patients with AS (n=57), patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) (n=37), or healthy controls (HC) (n=19). Through serum miR screening by microarray, differential levels of miR were subsequently validated by real time PCR. At the time of serum sampling, clinical values such as sex, age, disease duration, AS-disease activity score, uveitis, peripheral arthritis, enthesitis, human leukocyte antigen-B27 presence, and recent medication were evaluated. @*Results@#We found that the expression level of serum miR-3620-3p in AS was notably lower than that in RA or HC. The receiver–operator characteristics curve for determining the diagnostic accuracy showed an area under the curve of 0.919 (p<0.001) with a sensitivity of 87.1% and a specificity of 86.0%. Correlation studies showed that the expression level of miR-3620-3p was only associated with the development of uveitis (p<0.05). @*Conclusion@#Serum miR-3620-3p can be as a new biomarker for diagnosing AS.

7.
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 124-129, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875005

ABSTRACT

Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory rheumatic disease commonly associated with plaque psoriasis that, manifests with peripheral arthritis, dactylitis, enthesitis, and axial involvement. PsA can be progressive and harmful, resulting in joint deformities, functional impairments, low quality of life, and increased mortality. It was found that both non-pharmacologic and pharmacologic treatment could improve conditions of PsA. Recently launched biological products have become the main therapeutic agents used for treating PsA unresponsive to conventional disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. This paper aims at introducing available biologics for PsA management in Korea. The tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitor was the first approved biological product to show outstanding efficacy for treating PsA. Ustekinumab, designed for blocking interleukin-12/23, has been approved and widely used. Interleukin-17 inhibitors such as secukinumab and ixekizumab have also been introduced to improve the symptoms of PsA. It was found that many patients with PsA experienced a dramatic improvement in their condition after using these biological products. Additionally, new immunological modulators such as phosphodiesterase inhibitors and Janus kinase inhibitors were approved for the treatment of PsA.

8.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 61-67, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786141

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The microRNA (miR)-10b is the T helper (Th) 17 cell specific in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The interleukin (IL)-22, which is closely related to Th17 cells, has been implicated in the regulation of new bone formation in experimental models. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate whether miR-10b affects bone formation via the IL-22 pathway in AS.METHODS: Primary CD4+ T cells from AS were purified and transfected with miR-10b, anti-miR-10b, or scramble. Cell-surface markers and cytokine expression were analyzed by flow cytometry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Primary bone-derived cells (BdCs) from the facet joints of the spine were isolated, then osteogenic differentiation of primary BdCs was performed. We assessed alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and staining of BdCs at early time points. Alizarin red S staining of BdCs was performed at late time points.RESULTS: Overexpression of miR-10b reduced both IL-22 producing cell frequencies and cytokine production in T cells from the patients with AS. The IL-22 significantly increased ALP staining and bone mineralization. The ALP promotor activity of AS-BdCs was notably higher for the IL-22 concentration. The supernatants of the miR-10b overexpression group suppressed ALP activity on osteogenic progenitor cells from the facet joints of the spine in patients with AS.CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that miR-10b suppresses IL-22 production, which was involved in osteogenic proliferation in AS. Therefore, miR-10b might be a potential therapeutic candidate for regulation of new bone formation in patients with AS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alkaline Phosphatase , Calcification, Physiologic , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Flow Cytometry , Interleukins , MicroRNAs , Models, Theoretical , Osteogenesis , Spine , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , Stem Cells , T-Lymphocytes , Th17 Cells , Zygapophyseal Joint
9.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 356-365, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714675

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate trends in blood pressure (BP) and hypertension prevalence in Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) I (1998), II (2001), III (2005), IV (2007–2009), V (2010–2012), and VI (2013–2014), 56077 participants (23974 men and 32103 women) were included. RESULTS: Mean systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) decreased in both sexes (male SBP: 128.1 to 120.2 mm Hg, male DBP: 82.0 to 78.5 mm Hg; female SBP: 125.7 to 116.0 mm Hg and female DBP: 77.4 to 73.2 mm Hg from the KNHANES I–VI). The age-standardized prevalence of hypertension was significantly decreased in both sexes (male; 33.3% to 30.3%, female; 28.7% to 22.7%, all p for trend < 0.001). Regardless of taking anti-hypertensive medication or not, SBP and DBP declined universally in both sexes. Compared to the KNHANES I, the odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of the KNHANES II to VI for less-than-normotensive and less-than-hypertensive BP increased in both sexes. CONCLUSION: Mean BP levels in both sexes and hypertension prevalence showed downward trends during the 16-year period.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Blood Pressure , Epidemiology , Hypertension , Korea , Nutrition Surveys , Odds Ratio , Prevalence
10.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 47-57, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766161

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of non-adherence to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) medication and identify the associated factors for non-adherence in RA patients. METHODS: Among the KORean Observational study Network for Arthritis 3,523 patients who completed a questionnaire about the adherence to RA medication were analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups: 1) adherent group, patients who skipped medication ≤5 days within the past 2 months; and 2) non-adherent group, patients who skipped ≥6 days of medication. The baseline characteristics were compared, and multivariable regression analysis was performed to identify the associated factors for non-adherence. RESULTS: The non-adherent group had 339 patients (9.6%). The common causes of non-adherence were forgetfulness (45.8%), absence of RA symptoms (24.7%), and discomfort with RA medication (13.1%). Younger age (odds ratio [OR] 1.02, p < 0.01) and higher income (OR 1.70, p < 0.01) were associated with an increased risk of non-adherence. Whereas higher functional disability (OR 0.68, p < 0.01) and oral corticosteroid use (OR 0.73, p=0.02) were associated with a decreased risk of non-adherence. The associated factors differed according to cause of non-adherence. Having adverse events (OR 2.65, p=0.02) was associated with the risk of non-adherence due to discomfort with RA medication while a higher level of education (OR 2.37, p=0.03) was associated with the risk of non-adherence due to an absence of RA symptoms. CONCLUSION: The 9.6% of Korean RA patients were non-adherent to RA medication. The associated factors differed according to the cause of non-adherence. Therefore, an individualized approach will be needed to improve the adherence to RA medication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Education , Medication Adherence , Observational Study , Prevalence
11.
Korean Journal of Health Promotion ; : 47-53, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-66963

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between serum ferritin and diabetes mellitus (DM) in the Korean population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 9,576 subjects (4,264 men, 2,394 pre-menopausal women, and 2,918 post-menopausal women) older than 19 years using data from the 2010-2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. DM was defined as fasting plasma glucose ≥126 mg/dL, glycosylated hemoglobin ≥6.5%, or use of any glucose-lower medication including insulin therapy. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of DM was 12.0, 3.6, and 17.3% in men, pre-menopausal women, and post-menopausal women, respectively. DM prevalence was greater with ferritin levels from Q1 to Q4: 10.3, 10.2, 12.7, and 14.8% in men; 2.0, 2.8, 2.8, and 6.4% in pre-menopausal women; and 13.9, 14.4, 18.1, and 22.9% in post-menopausal women, respectively. Compared with participants in Q1, the odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for DM among participants in Q4 were 1.67 (1.20-2.32) in men, 2.06 (0.91-4.66) in pre-menopausal women, and 1.60 (1.09-2.35) in post-menopausal women after adjusting for age and other covariates. CONCLUSION: Serum ferritin concentration was positively associated with a higher risk of DM in adult men and post-menopausal women.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Blood Glucose , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Fasting , Ferritins , Glycated Hemoglobin , Insulin , Insulin Resistance , Nutrition Surveys , Odds Ratio , Prevalence
12.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 738-746, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-67782

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine whether early diagnosis is beneficial for functional status of various disease durations in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. METHODS: A total of 4,540 RA patients were enrolled as part of the Korean Observational Study Network for Arthritis (KORONA). We defined early diagnosis as a lag time between symptom onset and RA diagnosis of ≤ 12 months, whereas patients with a longer lag time comprised the delayed diagnosis group. Demographic characteristics and outcomes were compared between early and delayed diagnosis groups. Logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the impact of early diagnosis on the development of functional disability in RA patients. RESULTS: A total of 2,597 patients (57.2%) were included in the early diagnosis group. The average Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI) score was higher in the delayed diagnosis group (0.64 ± 0.63 vs. 0.70 ± 0.66, p < 0.01), and the proportion of patients with no functional disability (HAQ = 0) was higher in the early diagnosis group (22.9% vs. 20.0%, p = 0.02). In multivariable analyses, early diagnosis was independently associated with no functional disability (odds ratio [OR], 1.19; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01 to 1.40). In a subgroup analysis according to disease duration, early diagnosis was associated with no functional disability in patients with disease duration < 5 years (OR, 1.37; 95% CI, 1.09 to 1.72) but not in patients with longer disease duration (for 5 to 10 years: OR, 1.07; 95% CI, 0.75 to 1.52; for ≥ 10 years: OR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.65 to 1.28). CONCLUSIONS: Early diagnosis is associated with no functional disability, especially in patients with shorter disease duration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Delayed Diagnosis , Diagnosis , Early Diagnosis , Logistic Models , Observational Study
13.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 190-195, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-133737

ABSTRACT

We investigated the clinical and biological significance of germinal centers (GC) present in the minor salivary glands of patients with Sjogren's syndrome (SS). Minor salivary gland tissue biopsies from 93 patients with SS were used to identify GC-like structures, which were confirmed by CD21-positive follicular dendritic cell networks. Patients were compared based upon sociodemographics, glandular and extraglandular manifestations, and laboratory findings including autoantibody profiles, complement, and immunoglobulin levels; EULAR SS disease activity index (ESSDAI) and SS disease damage index (SSDDI) were also measured. GC-like structures were observed in 28 of 93 SS patients (30.1%). Mean focus scores and CRP levels were significantly higher in GC-positive patients than in GC-negative patients; GC-positive patients also exhibit a higher prevalence of rheumatoid factor and anti-SS-A/Ro antibodies compared to GC-negative patients. No differences in glandular or extra-glandular manifestations were evident between groups. In conclusion, SS patients with GC-like structures in the minor salivary glands exhibited laboratory profiles significantly different from those of their GC-negative counterparts. Long-term follow-up of these patients will be necessary to determine whether these laboratory abnormalities are predictive of clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Autoantibodies/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Demography , Germinal Center/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Receptors, Complement 3d/metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Salivary Glands, Minor/pathology , Sjogren's Syndrome/immunology
14.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 190-195, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-133736

ABSTRACT

We investigated the clinical and biological significance of germinal centers (GC) present in the minor salivary glands of patients with Sjogren's syndrome (SS). Minor salivary gland tissue biopsies from 93 patients with SS were used to identify GC-like structures, which were confirmed by CD21-positive follicular dendritic cell networks. Patients were compared based upon sociodemographics, glandular and extraglandular manifestations, and laboratory findings including autoantibody profiles, complement, and immunoglobulin levels; EULAR SS disease activity index (ESSDAI) and SS disease damage index (SSDDI) were also measured. GC-like structures were observed in 28 of 93 SS patients (30.1%). Mean focus scores and CRP levels were significantly higher in GC-positive patients than in GC-negative patients; GC-positive patients also exhibit a higher prevalence of rheumatoid factor and anti-SS-A/Ro antibodies compared to GC-negative patients. No differences in glandular or extra-glandular manifestations were evident between groups. In conclusion, SS patients with GC-like structures in the minor salivary glands exhibited laboratory profiles significantly different from those of their GC-negative counterparts. Long-term follow-up of these patients will be necessary to determine whether these laboratory abnormalities are predictive of clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Autoantibodies/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Demography , Germinal Center/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Receptors, Complement 3d/metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Salivary Glands, Minor/pathology , Sjogren's Syndrome/immunology
15.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 297-303, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81685

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the laboratory and clinical manifestations of Sjögren's syndrome (SS) association with chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1 (CXCL1) expression in the ductal and acinar salivary gland epithelial cells (SGEC) of the minor salivary glands. METHODS: The sociodemographic data of 106 SS patients was obtained, and the glandular and extraglandular manifestations of the disease documented. The minor salivary glands were biopsied and the laboratory findings analyzed. European League Against Rheumatism SS disease activity index (ESSDAI) and SS disease damage index (SSDDI) scores were obtained during biopsy. An immunohistochemical approach was used to define the expression of CXCL1 in the salivary glands. RESULTS: Of 106 patients, the minor salivary glands of 22 patients (20.7%) stained positively for CXCL1. Such CXCL1-positive patients exhibited higher ESSDAI scores at the time of biopsy than the CXCL1-negative patients (3.86±2.27 vs. 2.64±1.62, p=0.015). Lymphadenopathy was more frequently observed in CXCL1-positive patients, compared with CXCL1-negative patients (31.8% vs. 9.5%, p=0.014). No differences between groups were identified in terms of sociodemographic characteristics, laboratory data, or the extent of the glandular manifestation of SS. CONCLUSION: The expression of CXCL1 within the ductal and acinar SGEC of SS patients is associated with lymphadenopathy and elevated clinical disease activity. CXCL1 may play an important role in the disease activity and prognosis of SS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Chemokine CXCL1 , Chemokines , Epithelial Cells , Lymphatic Diseases , Prognosis , Rheumatic Diseases , Salivary Glands , Salivary Glands, Minor
16.
Korean Journal of Family Medicine ; : 188-196, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-162894

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is known to increase the risk of various cardiometabolic diseases and in-sulin resistance (IR) has known to have central role in the development of MS. Many surrogate indices of IR have been proposed and the detection of MS might be a suitable model for assessing the accuracy of surrogate indices. The aims of our study are to invest the most appropriate index by assessment of the diagnostic capacity of IR among each surrogate index and identifying cut-off values for discriminating uncomplicated MS in Korean adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed, assessing 294 Korean adults, 85 of whom were diagnosed with uncomplicated MS. The sensitivities and specificities of five surrogate IR indices were compared to discriminate MS from healthy subjects; these included fasting serum insulin, homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance index, quantitative insulin sensitivity check index, McAuley index, and Disse index. Correlations between each index value were assessed using Pearson's and Spearman's correlation methods. RESULTS: The McAuley index showed the highest area under the curve (0.85), specificity (86.12%), accuracy (82.31%), positive predictive value (68.13%), and negative predictive value (88.67%) to distinguish MS, with a cut-off point of 5.3 defined. Correlation coefficients of the five indices showed that the McAuley index had the strongest correlation with IR. CONCLUSION: The McAuley index showed the best accuracy in the detection of MS as a surrogate marker of IR. To establish more effective and accurate standards of measuring IR, comprehensive and multi-scaled studies are required.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Asian People , Biomarkers , Cross-Sectional Studies , Fasting , Healthy Volunteers , Homeostasis , Insulin Resistance , Insulin , Sensitivity and Specificity
17.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1907-1913, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-173622

ABSTRACT

Remission is a primary end point of in clinical practice and trials of treatments for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The 2011 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism (ACR/EULAR) remission criteria were developed to provide a consensus definition of remission. This study aimed to assess the concordance between the new remission criteria and the physician’s clinical judgment of remission and also to identify factors that affect the discordance between these two approaches. A total of 3,209 patients with RA were included from the KORean Observational Study Network for Arthritis (KORONA) database. The frequency of remission was evaluated based on each approach. The agreement between the results was estimated by Cohen's kappa (κ). Patients with remission according to the 2011 ACR/EULAR criteria (i.e. the Boolean criteria) and/or physician judgment (n = 855) were divided into three groups: concordant remission, the Boolean criteria only, and physician judgment only. Multinomial logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors responsible for the assignment of patients with remission to one of the discordant groups rather than the concordant group. The remission rates using the Boolean criteria and physician judgment were 10.5% and 19.9%, respectively. The agreement between two approaches for remission was low (κ = 0.226) and the concordant remission rate was only 5.5% (n = 177). Pain affected classification in both discordant groups, whereas fatigue was associated with remission only by physician clinical judgment. The Boolean criteria were more stringent than clinical judgment. Patient subjective symptoms such as pain and fatigue were associated with discordance between the two approaches.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Classification , Consensus , Fatigue , Judgment , Logistic Models , Observational Study , Rheumatic Diseases
18.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 37-46, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-215899

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical and hematological effects of tocilizumab in active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. METHODS: Fourteen patients with active RA were enrolled in this study. The patients received tocilizumab 8 mg/kg intravenously every four weeks for 6 months. Disease activity, anemia-related factors including serum hepcidin-25, and hematological parameters were monitored at baseline and at 1, 3, and 6 months after the initiation of treatment. RESULTS: Significant reductions in tender joint count, swollen joint count, visual analogue scale, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and C-reactive (CRP) protein plus reductions in a 28-joint disease activity score were observed within one month after the first tocilizumab treatment. These effects lasted throughout the six-month study period. In addition, significant improvements in anemia-related factors such as hepcidin-25, ferritin, iron, hemoglobin, red blood cell counts and mean corpuscular volume were observed during the treatment period. Hematological parameters were improved with reductions in counts for leukocytes, monocytes, neutrophils, and platelets. The lymphocyte counts and their subset numbers were unchanged. Changes in hepcidin levels showed significant correlation with changes in CRP, ESR, ferritin, hemoglobin and counts for red blood cells, leukocytes, and neutrophils during the treatment period. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that tocilizumab significantly and meaningfully reduces disease burden in patients with active RA. In addition, tocilizumab diminishes the levels of inflammatory anemia by inhibiting hepcidin production. These clinical data provide evidence of a favorable outcome from tocilizumab in RA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Blood Sedimentation , Erythrocyte Count , Erythrocyte Indices , Erythrocytes , Ferritins , Hepcidins , Iron , Joints , Leukocytes , Lymphocyte Count , Monocytes , Neutrophils
19.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 58-65, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121248

ABSTRACT

Fibromyalgia (FM) affects 1% to 5% of the population, and approximately 90% of the affected individuals are women. FM patients experience impaired quality of life and the disorder places a considerable economic burden on the medical care system. With the recognition of FM as a major health problem, many recent studies have evaluated the pathophysiology of FM. Although the etiology of FM remains unknown, it is thought to involve some combination of genetic susceptibility and environmental exposure that triggers further alterations in gene expression. Because FM shows marked familial aggregation, most previous research has focused on genetic predisposition to FM and has revealed associations between genetic factors and the development of FM, including specific gene polymorphisms involved in the serotonergic, dopaminergic, and catecholaminergic pathways. The aim of this review was to discuss the current evidence regarding genetic factors that may play a role in the development and symptom severity of FM.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Environmental Exposure , Fibromyalgia , Gene Expression , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Genetic , Quality of Life
20.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 58-65, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788315

ABSTRACT

Fibromyalgia (FM) affects 1% to 5% of the population, and approximately 90% of the affected individuals are women. FM patients experience impaired quality of life and the disorder places a considerable economic burden on the medical care system. With the recognition of FM as a major health problem, many recent studies have evaluated the pathophysiology of FM. Although the etiology of FM remains unknown, it is thought to involve some combination of genetic susceptibility and environmental exposure that triggers further alterations in gene expression. Because FM shows marked familial aggregation, most previous research has focused on genetic predisposition to FM and has revealed associations between genetic factors and the development of FM, including specific gene polymorphisms involved in the serotonergic, dopaminergic, and catecholaminergic pathways. The aim of this review was to discuss the current evidence regarding genetic factors that may play a role in the development and symptom severity of FM.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Environmental Exposure , Fibromyalgia , Gene Expression , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Genetic , Quality of Life
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