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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913817

ABSTRACT

Next-generation sequencing (NGS) is becoming essential in the fields of precision oncology. With implementation of NGS in daily clinic, the needs for continued education, facilitated interpretation of NGS results and optimal treatment delivery based on NGS results have been addressed. Molecular tumor board (MTB) is multidisciplinary approach to keep pace with the growing knowledge of complex molecular alterations in patients with advanced solid cancer. Although guidelines for NGS use and MTB have been developed in western countries, there is limitation for reflection of Korea’s public health environment and daily clinical practice. These recommendations provide a critical guidance from NGS panel testing to final treatment decision based on MTB discussion.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903673

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#This nationwide study was undertaken to determine differences in clinicopathologic characteristics and survival of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) according to age using big data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service (NHIS). @*Methods@#The NHIS data including quality assessment of CRC by the Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service in Korea between 2011 and 2014 were analyzed. Based on age, patients were divided into three groups: not-old patients (< 65), young-old patients (65 to 74 years old) and old-old patients (≥ 75 years old). @*Results@#We included 71,513 CRC patients. The median follow-up duration was 3.2 years (range, 0.003 to 5.5). Male patients constituted 60%. The median age of patients was 65 years (range, 18 to 102). Colon was the cancer site in 59.8% of not-old patients, 62.9% of young-old patients, and 66.1% of old-old patients. Compared to not-old patients, young-old and old-old patients were more likely to be diagnosed with colon adenocarcinoma and well/moderate differentiation or adequate differentiation (all p < 0.001). Old patients underwent more emergency operation (p < 0.001) and received less adjuvant therapy in stage I–III (p < 0.001). The probability of 3-year survival of young-old or old-old patients was worse than that for not-old patients (hazard ratio [HR], 1.55; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.46 to 1.64) (HR, 3.19; 95% CI, 3.03 to 3.37). @*Conclusions@#Old patients with CRC show different histology from younger patients. They are more frequently to have colon as primary lesion. They undergo less adjuvant therapy. Further studies and evidence-based guidelines for older patients with CRC are warranted to improve their outcome.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895969

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#This nationwide study was undertaken to determine differences in clinicopathologic characteristics and survival of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) according to age using big data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service (NHIS). @*Methods@#The NHIS data including quality assessment of CRC by the Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service in Korea between 2011 and 2014 were analyzed. Based on age, patients were divided into three groups: not-old patients (< 65), young-old patients (65 to 74 years old) and old-old patients (≥ 75 years old). @*Results@#We included 71,513 CRC patients. The median follow-up duration was 3.2 years (range, 0.003 to 5.5). Male patients constituted 60%. The median age of patients was 65 years (range, 18 to 102). Colon was the cancer site in 59.8% of not-old patients, 62.9% of young-old patients, and 66.1% of old-old patients. Compared to not-old patients, young-old and old-old patients were more likely to be diagnosed with colon adenocarcinoma and well/moderate differentiation or adequate differentiation (all p < 0.001). Old patients underwent more emergency operation (p < 0.001) and received less adjuvant therapy in stage I–III (p < 0.001). The probability of 3-year survival of young-old or old-old patients was worse than that for not-old patients (hazard ratio [HR], 1.55; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.46 to 1.64) (HR, 3.19; 95% CI, 3.03 to 3.37). @*Conclusions@#Old patients with CRC show different histology from younger patients. They are more frequently to have colon as primary lesion. They undergo less adjuvant therapy. Further studies and evidence-based guidelines for older patients with CRC are warranted to improve their outcome.

4.
Mood and Emotion ; (2): 64-73, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918514

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study aimed to assess the clinical characteristics of patients with major depressive disorder who were rehospitalized within 1 year and to determine whether the 1-year rehospitalization rate varied depending on the type of medication and treatment method. @*Methods@#Clinical characteristics of 531 patients hospitalized for major depressive disorder were assessed. The use and type of antidepressants, antipsychotics, mood stabilizers, and hypnotics were also evaluated. @*Results@#Of the 531 subjects, 68 (12.8%) were rehospitalized within a year. The number of past depressive episodes (1.56±2.67 vs. 0.90±1.18) (p=0.048) and the number of previous psychiatric hospitalizations (0.82±1.93 vs. 0.29±0.83 times) (p=0.029) were high in the 1-year rehospitalization group. The rate of family history of mood disorder (25.0% vs. 13.6%) (p=0.014) and the rate of comorbid personality disorder (16.2% vs. 8.6%) (p=0.049) were also high in the 1-year rehospitalization group. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the number of previous psychiatric hospitalizations affected the rate of 1-year rehospitalization (p=0.003). @*Conclusion@#The number of previous psychiatric hospitalizations could be used to predict rehospitalizations of patients with major depressive disorder within 1 year. In addition, family history of mood disorders and comorbidity of personality disorders may affect rehospitalization of such patients.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836009

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Sleep affects systemic inflammation and amyloid deposition, and sleep disturbance is known to be a risk factor for cognitive decline. To date, literatures on the relationship between peripheral inflammatory markers and sleep in Alzheimer’s de-mentia and mild cognitive impairment patients have been scarce. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between sleep and C-reactive protein (CRP) in Alzheimer’s dementia and amnestic mild cognitive impairment patients. @*Methods@#A total of 81 patients were divided in to four groups: amyloid negative healthy control, amyloid negative amnestic mild cognitive impairment, amyloid positive amnestic mild cognitive impairment, and amyloid positive Alzheimer’s dementia.Demographic data and cognitive measurement through the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer’s Disease were conducted. Amyloid positivity status was attained through positron emission tomography scans using [18F]-flutemetamol. The quality of sleep was evaluated by the sleep item of Korean Neuropsychiatric Inventory (K-NPI-SLEEP), and peripheral blood tests were conducted to measure CRP. @*Results@#There was no statistically difference in CRP levels or K-NPI-SLEEP scores among four groups. Moreover, there was no association between K-NPI-SLEEP and CRP in four groups. @*Conclusion@#Since K-NPI-SLEEP score shows overall, subjective sleep problems, further follow-up studies in consideration for objective sleep studies to unravel the relationship of peripheral inflammatory markers and sleep in amnestic mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s dementia patients.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811108

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The rare incidence of isolated para-aortic lymph node (PALN) recurrence of colorectal cancer has precluded the formulation of treatment guidelines. This study evaluated and compared the effects of different treatment modalities on survival outcomes in patients with PALN recurrence.METHODS: Patients diagnosed with isolated PALN recurrence after curative resection for primary colorectal cancer from January 2004 to December 2014 were evaluated retrospectively. Patients with isolated recurrence were selected using imaging modalities. Overall survival (OS) and survival after recurrence (SAR) were analyzed and compared between different treatments using the Kaplan-Meier method.RESULTS: The median OS was 64 months with a median follow-up time of 50 months. Of the 46 patients with PALN recurrence, 35 (76.1%) had isolated recurrences. Of these 35 patients, 16 underwent PALN resection and 19 received chemotherapy. Median SAR was significantly longer in patients who did than did not undergo resection (71 months vs. 39 months, P = 0.017). Median OS tended to be longer in patients who did than did not undergo resection (77 months vs. 62 months, P = 0.055). SAR was similar in patients who received radiotherapy and those who underwent resection (34 months vs. 46 months, P = 0.146). Three of 16 patients (18.8%) who underwent resection were found to be recurrence-free.CONCLUSION: Surgical resection of isolated PALN recurrence may benefit patients, with favorable survival outcomes and by providing definitive diagnosis for proper treatment planning.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Incidence , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Methods , Mortality , Radiotherapy , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
7.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 1048-1059, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832585

ABSTRACT

Objective@#We aim to present a clinical guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of insomnia in adults by reviewing and integrating existing clinical guidelines. The purpose of this guideline is to assist clinicians who perform evidence-based insomnia treatment. @*Methods@#We selected literature that may be appropriate for use in guideline development from evidence-based practice guidelines that have been issued by an academic or governmental institution within the last five years. The core question of this guideline was made in sentence form including Patient/Problem, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome (PICO) elements. After searching PubMed, EMBASE, and medical guideline issuing agencies, three guidelines were judged to be the most appropriately reviewed, up-to-date, and from trusted sources. @*Results@#The Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II tool was used to evaluate the quality of the three clinical guidelines. The final outcome of the guideline development process is a total of 15 recommendations that report the strength of the recommendation, the quality of evidence, a summary of content, and considerations in applying the recommendation. @*Conclusion@#It is vital for clinical guidelines for insomnia to be developed and continually updated in order to provide more accurate evidence-based treatments to patients.

8.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1135-1144, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831150

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We evaluated the efficacy and safety of avelumab, an anti-PD-L1 antibody, in patients with metastatic or unresectable colorectal cancer (mCRC) with mismatch repair deficiency (dMMR)/microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or POLE mutations. @*Materials and Methods@#In this prospective, open-label, multicenter phase II study, 33 patients with mCRC harboring dMMR/MSI-H or POLE mutations after failure of ≥1st-line chemotherapy received avelumab 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks. dMMR/MSI-H was confirmed with immunohistochemical staining (IHC) by loss of expression of MMR proteins or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for microsatellite sequences. POLE mutation was confirmed by next-generation sequencing (NGS). The primary endpoint was the objective response rate (ORR) by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors ver. 1.1. @*Results@#The median age was 60 years, and 78.8% were male. Thirty patients were dMMR/MSI-H and three had POLE mutations. The ORR was 24.2%, and all of the responders were dMMR/MSI-H. For 21 patients with MSI-H by PCR or NGS, the ORR was 28.6%. At a median follow-up duration of 16.3 months, median progression-free survival and overall survival were 3.9 and 13.2 months in all patients, and 8.1 months and not reached, respectively, in patients with MSI-H by PCR or NGS. Dose interruption and discontinuation due to treatment-related adverse events occurred in 4 and 2 patients, respectively, with no treatment-related deaths. @*Conclusion@#Avelumab displayed antitumor activity with manageable toxicity in patients with previously treated mCRC harboring dMMR/MSI-H. Diagnosis of dMMR/MSI-H with PCR or NGS could be complementary to IHC to select patients who would benefit from immunotherapy.

9.
Mood and Emotion ; (2): 9-17, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918504

ABSTRACT

Background@#The purpose of this study was to measure several mental health variables according to HbA1c level and examine their relationship among diabetic patients. @*Methods@#Total 89 outpatients who attended diabetes education program at St. Vincent’s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, were enrolled this study. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Stress Response Inventory (SRI), abbreviated version of World Health Organization Quality of Life assessment instrument (WHOQOL-BREF), Insomnia Severity Index, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) were administered to all patients. Significant differences between groups were assessed by t-test and chi-squared test. Pearson correlation and multiple linear regression analyses were used to identify the variables that affect HbA1c levels. @*Results@#The well-controlled group had a significantly lower BDI score than the poorly controlled group. The wellcontrolled group also showed significantly lower SRI and ESS. HbA1c, BDI, SRI, and ESS were positively correlated. Duration and BDI were the only variables affecting HbA1c levels. @*Conclusion@#Emphasis should be given to the identification and management of mental health problems, including especially depressive symptoms in patients with diabetes.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719428

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: With the emergence of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology, profiling a wide range of genomic alterations has become a possibility resulting in improved implementation of targeted cancer therapy. In Asian populations, the prevalence and spectrum of clinically actionable genetic alterations has not yet been determined because of a lack of studies examining high-throughput cancer genomic data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To address this issue, 1,071 tumor samples were collected from five major cancer institutes in Korea and analyzed using targeted NGS at a centralized laboratory. Samples were either fresh frozen or formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded (FFPE) and the quality and yield of extracted genomic DNA was assessed. In order to estimate the effect of sample condition on the quality of sequencing results, tissue preparation method, specimen type (resected or biopsied) and tissue storage time were compared. RESULTS: We detected 7,360 non-synonymous point mutations, 1,164 small insertions and deletions, 3,173 copy number alterations, and 462 structural variants. Fifty-four percent of tumors had one or more clinically relevant genetic mutation. The distribution of actionable variants was variable among different genes. Fresh frozen tissues, surgically resected specimens, and recently obtained specimens generated superior sequencing results over FFPE tissues, biopsied specimens, and tissues with long storage duration. CONCLUSION: In order to overcome, challenges involved in bringing NGS testing into routine clinical use, a centralized laboratory model was designed that could improve the NGS workflows, provide appropriate turnaround times and control costs with goal of enabling precision medicine.


Subject(s)
Academies and Institutes , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , DNA , Humans , Korea , Methods , Paraffin , Point Mutation , Precision Medicine , Prevalence
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759358

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was to evaluate changes of the mechanical loading pattern after anatomic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction by analyzing uptake patterns using combined single-photon emission computerized tomography and conventional computerized tomography (SPECT/CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: On SPECT/CT, high signal intensity of the articular surface which shows biological activity and mean increase of mechanical loading was compared with that of the tibiofemoral shaft as a comparative signal. The proportion of positive signals was evaluated in all compartments of the operated knee. Analysis was performed according to combined injury. RESULTS: A relatively high proportion of positive signals was detected in the posterior zone of the lateral tibial plateau (23.5%) and trochlear groove (23.5%) although increased signal intensity was detected in all compartments. There was no statistical difference depending on the presence of combined injury and between single-bundle and double-bundle ACL reconstruction. CONCLUSIONS: Following anatomic ACL reconstruction, higher signal intensity was detected, particularly in the posterior part of the lateral tibial plateau and trochlear groove. Close observation for further signal changes or osteoarthritic changes would be required even if there was no combined injury and anatomic reconstruction was performed.


Subject(s)
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Anterior Cruciate Ligament , Knee , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon
12.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1128-1134, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763167

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Simvastatin has demonstrated anti-tumor activity in preclinical studies via tumor cell senescence, apoptosis, and anti-angiogenesis. This phase II trial evaluated the efficacy and toxicity profile of conventional XELOX and bevacizumab chemotherapy plus simvastatin in metastatic colorectal cancer patients (MCRC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with MCRC received first-line XELOX in 3-week treatment cycles of intravenous oxaliplatin 130 mg/m² plus bevacizumab 7.5 mg/kg (day 1), followed by oral capecitabine 1,000 mg/m² twice daily (day 1-14). Simvastatin 80 mg tablets were taken orally once daily every day during the period of chemotherapy. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints were response rate, duration of response, overall survival (OS), time to progression, and toxicity. RESULTS: From January 2014 to April 2015, 60 patients were enrolled and 55 patients were evaluable for tumor response. The median follow-up duration was 30.1 months (range, 28.5 to 31.7 months). The median PFS was 10.4 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 9.6 to 11.1). The median OS of all patients was 19.0 months (95% CI, 11.9 to 26.0). The disease-control rate and overall response rate were 88.3% (95% CI, 74 to 96) and 58.3% (95% CI, 44 to 77), respectively, by intent-to-treat protocol analysis. There was one complete response and 34 partial responses. One patient experienced grade 3 creatine kinase elevation and liver enzyme elevation. CONCLUSION: Based on the current study, the addition of 80 mg simvastatin to XELOX and bevacizumab showed comparable clinical efficacy in patients with MCRC as first-line chemotherapy and did not increase toxicity.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Arm , Bevacizumab , Capecitabine , Cellular Senescence , Colorectal Neoplasms , Creatine Kinase , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Liver , Simvastatin , Tablets , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762711

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Current neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) may enable therapies such as surgical resection and local ablation of metastases in patients with colorectal liver metastasis (CLM). We evaluated outcomes in CLM patients who underwent resection and/or local treatment after NAC and identified prognostic factors for oncologic outcomes. METHODS: Patients who received NAC followed by resection and/or local treatment of hepatic metastasis from 2013 to 2015 were included. Treatment and tumor-related variables were tabulated. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Cox regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with RFS and OS. RESULTS: Sixty-eight patients received NAC followed by resection and/or local treatment of hepatic metastases. Targeted therapy was administered in 50% of the patients. RFS was 35.8% at 1 year and 19.4% at 2 years postoperatively. OS was 95.6% at 1 year and 88.2% at 2 years postoperatively. In the multivariable analysis, R1 resection margin (hazard ratio [HR], 3.95; P = 0.008) of the liver metastases and ypN1/ypN2 (HR, 2.356 and 1.983, respectively; P = 0.041) were associated with poor RFS. Both factors were also significantly related to OS. CONCLUSION: Resection margin of the metastatic tumor and ypN status are the only relevant factors for RFS and OS in CLM patients treated with NAC. Despite early and high rates of recurrence, CLM patients treated with NAC who undergo resection and/or local treatment have acceptable OS. Multidisciplinary review of candidates for surgery and cautious planning are crucial for achieving optimal outcomes.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Humans , Liver , Methods , Neoplasm Metastasis , Recurrence
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764113

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Goserelin is a drug used for chemical castration. In a rat model, we investigated whether surgical and chemical castration affected memory ability through the protein kinase A (PKA)/cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding protein (CREB)/brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and c-Raf/mitogen-activated protein kinases-extracellular signal–regulated kinases (MEK)/extracellular signal–regulated kinases (ERK) pathways in the hippocampus. METHODS: Orchiectomy was performed for surgical castration and goserelin acetate was subcutaneously transplanted into the anterior abdominal wall for chemical castration. Immunohistochemistry was done to quantify neurogenesis. To assess the involvement of the PKA/CREB/BDNF and c-Raf/MEK/ERK pathways in the memory process, western blots were used. RESULTS: The orchiectomy group and the goserelin group showed less neurogenesis and impaired short-term and spatial memory. Phosphorylation of PKA/CREB/BDNF and phosphorylation of c-Raf/MEK/ERK decreased in the orchiectomy and goserelin groups. CONCLUSIONS: Short-term memory and spatial memory were affected by surgical and chemical castration via the PKA/CREB/BDNF and c-Raf/MEK/ERK signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Wall , Adenosine Monophosphate , Blotting, Western , Castration , Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases , Down-Regulation , Goserelin , Hippocampus , Immunohistochemistry , Memory , Memory, Short-Term , Models, Animal , Neurogenesis , Orchiectomy , Phosphorylation , Phosphotransferases , Spatial Memory
15.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 200-207, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760572

ABSTRACT

Albizzia julibrissin (AJ) is an herbal medicine that shows low toxicity, promotes promoting blood circulation and mitigates the inflammation and has mild side effects. Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is one of the most common diseases that occurs in older males and often results in lower urinary tract symptoms. This study was conducted to evaluate the protective effect of AJ against BPH using LNCaP cells and Sprague Dawley rats treated with testosterone. Treatment with AJ extract reduced the expression of androgen receptor (AR) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in vitro. In vivo, rats were divided into 6 groups: 1 (Normal Control); 2 (Testosterone propionate (TP) alone); 3 (TP + finasteride); 4 (TP + AJ 10 mg/kg); 5 (TP + AJ 50 mg/kg); 6 (TP + AJ 300 mg/kg). The groups treated with AJ showed reduced the relative prostate weights and BPH-related proteins were altered, with decreased AR, PSA and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) observed by western blot. Histopathological analysis revealed the therapeutic effect of AJ, with a decreased thickness of epithelial cells and reduced level of PCNA and 5α-reductase type 2. These results suggest that AJ extract could ameliorate testosterone-induced benign prostatic hyperplasia.


Subject(s)
Albizzia , Animals , Blood Circulation , Blotting, Western , Diethylpropion , Epithelial Cells , Herbal Medicine , Humans , Hyperplasia , In Vitro Techniques , Inflammation , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms , Male , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Prostate , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Androgen , Testosterone , Weights and Measures
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715655

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: We explored Korean physicians’ policies for surveillance of colorectal cancer (CRC) after curative surgery. METHODS: Web-based self-report questionnaires were developed. Invitations to participate were emailed to physicians who diagnosed and treated CRC from October 1 to November 15, 2015. The questionnaire consisted of the role doctors played in the surveillance, examination of surveillance, and duration of postoperative surveillance according to CRC stage or primary site of the cancer. RESULTS: Ninety-one physicians participated in the online survey, and 78 completed the survey. Sixty-seven participants (13%) answered “up to 5 years” for stage I surveillance duration; and 11 (13%) responded with a duration of > 5 years for stage I. A total of 61 (75%) responded with a surveillance duration of up to 5 years for stage II; and 19 (24%) responded with a duration of > 5 years for stage II. Sixty-seven (97%) and 61 (91%) physicians monitored patients with stage II/III every 3 or 6 months by laboratory examination and by abdominopelvic computed tomography scan for the first year, respectively. A total of 43 (53%) responded with a surveillance duration of up to 5 years for stage IV; and 46 (46%) responded with a duration of > 5 years for stage IV after curative resection. CONCLUSIONS: Korean physicians mostly followed up CRC using intensive postoperative surveillance. In preference to monitoring over a comparatively shorter period of time, the physicians tended to prefer monitoring patients post-operatively over a > 5 year period, particularly in cases of advanced-stage CRC.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms , Electronic Mail , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Surveys and Questionnaires
17.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1324-1330, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717520

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Although gemcitabine plus cisplatin has been established as the standard first-line chemotherapy for patients with advanced biliary tract cancer (BTC), overall prognosis remains poor. We investigated the efficacy of a novel triplet combination of oxaliplatin, irinotecan, and S-1 (OIS) for advanced BTC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chemotherapy-naive patientswith histologically documented unresectable or metastatic BTC were eligible for this multicenter, single-arm phase II study. Patients received 65 mg/m2 oxaliplatin (day 1), 135 mg/m2 irinotecan (day 1), and 40 mg/m2 S-1 (twice a day, days 1-7) every 2 weeks. Primary endpoint was objective response rate. Targeted exome sequencing for biomarker analysis was performed using archival tissue. RESULTS: In total, 32 patients were enrolled between October 2015 and June 2016. Median age was 64 years (range, 40 to 76 years), with 24 (75%) male patients; 97% patients had metastatic or recurrent disease. Response rate was 50%, and median progression-free survival and overall survival (OS) were 6.8 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 4.8 to 8.8) and 12.5 months (95% CI, 7.0 to 18.0), respectively. The most common grade 3-4 adverse events were neutropenia (32%), diarrhea (6%), and peripheral neuropathy (6%). TP53 and KRAS mutations were the most frequent genomic alterations (42% and 32%, respectively), and KRAS mutations showed a marginal relationship with worse OS (p=0.07). CONCLUSION: OIS combination chemotherapy was feasible and associated with favorable efficacy outcomes as a first-line treatment in patients with advanced BTC. Randomized studies are needed to compare OIS with gemcitabine plus cisplatin.


Subject(s)
Biliary Tract Neoplasms , Biliary Tract , Cholangiocarcinoma , Cisplatin , Diarrhea , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Drug Therapy, Combination , Exome , Humans , Male , Neutropenia , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Prognosis , Triplets
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766268

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a school-based social skills training program on peer relationships in children and adolescents and to assess the plan for effective school-based mental health services. METHODS: The Child and Adolescent Mental Health Promotion Team of Bugok National Hospital conducted 7-sessioned school-based social skills training for elementary and middle school students (n=90). Changes in peer relationships were evaluated before and after application of the program using a name generator question. RESULTS: The social skills training program increased peer relations, indicating significant changes in social network indices. CONCLUSION: The social skills training program positively influenced peer relationships. The school-based social skills training program can be expected to have positive effects on school-based mental health services. Future investigation is needed to validate the long term effects of this program.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Education , Humans , Mental Health , Mental Health Services , Social Skills
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738885

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the discontinuation rate and reasons of doxepin base prescription pattern in insomnia outpatients of psychiatry department of a university hospital. METHODS: 534 patients prescribed doxepin were screened. 201 patients were included and reviewed for their medical records retrospectively. The discontinuation rate and reasons of doxepin after 2 months of prescription were investigated. Patients were divided into three groups according to the prescription patterns. The initial group, prescribed doxepin as the first hypnotic, the add-on group, prescribed doxepin while maintaining existing hypnotics, and the switching group, prescribed doxepin after discontinuation of existing hypnotics. RESULTS: The discontinuation rate after 2 months of prescription of doxepin was 56.2%. There were significant differences in the discontinuation rate among three groups. The initial group had the highest while the add-on group had the lowest (p=0.018). In reasons for discontinuation of doxepin among three groups, lack of efficacy (p < 0.001) and adverse events (p < 0.001) were significantly higher in the add-on group. In the initial group, patient's refusal (p=0.022) and unknown or loss to follow up (p < 0.001) were significantly higher. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggested that add-on is superior than switching method and gradual reduction of existing hypnotics is necessary to maintain doxepin treatment and prevent adverse events. Additional large scale prospective studies are needed to evaluate various factors and risks of discontinuation of doxepin.


Subject(s)
Doxepin , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hypnotics and Sedatives , Medical Records , Methods , Outpatients , Prescriptions , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-54731

ABSTRACT

Well-established standards and specifications for medical devices not only provide clarity and consistency in licensing processes but also secure device safety and effectiveness. This study reviewed regulatory standards and specifications for veterinary medical devices in Korea based on data obtained through analyses of those medical devices. General standards for electromechanical, electromagnetic, and biological safety and individual standards for 76 electric and 70 general medical device products have been established by the Korean Ministry of Food and Drug Safety. However, the first standards and specifications for veterinary medical devices were established in March 2000 for two products (disposable needle and syringe). Similar to the large number of standards for medical devices, there have been general standards for safety and individual standards for 72 veterinary medical devices (27 electric medical devices, 12 non-electric medical devices, 10 medical supplies, and 23 other types) established since 2014. These new standards considered, among other aspects, the devices' applications, usage characteristics, and industrial environment. To date, the establishment of standards and specifications for veterinary medical devices remains limited. This study suggests that improvements should be made to the regulation of general and individual standards associated with various veterinary medical instruments, supplies, and in vitro diagnostic medical reagents.


Subject(s)
Equipment and Supplies , Equipment Safety , In Vitro Techniques , Indicators and Reagents , Korea , Licensure , Magnets , Needles
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