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1.
Gut and Liver ; : 613-624, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937611

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) with a ductal plate malformation (DPM) pattern is a recently recognized rare variant. The genomic profile of iCCA with DPM pattern needs to be elucidated. @*Methods@#Cases of iCCA with DPM pattern were retrospectively reviewed based on the medical records, pathology slides, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reports collected between 2010 to 2019 at a single center. Massive parallel sequencing was performed for >500 cancerrelated genes. @*Results@#From a total of 175 iCCAs, five (2.9%) cases of iCCA with DPM pattern were identified. All cases were of the small duct type, and background liver revealed chronic B viral or alcoholic hepatitis. Three iCCAs with DPM pattern harbored MRI features favoring the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma, whereas nonspecific imaging features were observed in two cases. All patients were alive without recurrence during an average follow-up period of 57 months. Sequencing data revealed 64 mutated genes in the five cases, among which FGFR2 and PTPRT were most frequently mutated (three cases each) including an FGFR2-TNC fusion in one case. Mutations in ARID1A and CDKN2A were found in two cases, and mutations in TP53, BAP1, ATM, NF1, and STK11 were observed in one case each. No IDH1, KRAS, or PBRM1 mutations were found. @*Conclusions@#iCCAs with DPM pattern have different clinico-radio-pathologic and genetic characteristics compared to conventional iCCAs. Moreover, FGFR2 and FGFR2 variants were identified. Altogether, these findings further suggest that iCCA with DPM pattern represents a specific subtype of small duct type iCCA.

2.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901033

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the long-term clinical outcomes of implantable collamer lens (ICL) implantation in myopic patients. @*Methods@#This retrospective study included 129 eyes of 68 patients who underwent ICL implantation for correction of myopia with a 10-year follow-up. @*Results@#Ten years after ICL implantation, the mean uncorrected and corrected distance visual acuities (LogMAR) were 0.03 ± 0.13 and -0.07 ± 0.06, respectively. Ten years postoperatively, 52.7% and 84.5% of the eyes were within ± 0.5 and ± 1.0 diopters, respectively. The mean efficacy and safety indices were 0.91 ± 0.22 and 1.07 ± 0.19, respectively. There was no significant difference between mean preoperative (13.52 ± 2.88 mmHg) and postoperative (13.59 ± 3.55 mmHg) intraocular pressures. The endothelial cell density decreased from before surgery to 10 years after surgery (3,074 ± 365 cells/mm2, 2,812 ± 406 cells/mm2, respectively; mean decrease: 8.5 ± 10.8%; p = 0.011). Eight eyes (6.2%) developed cataract during follow-up, which was symptomatic in three eyes (2.3%) and treated with ICL explantation and phacoemulsification. Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment occurred in one eye (0.8%) and was treated with vitrectomy. @*Conclusions@#ICL implantation for the correction of myopia had good efficacy and safety outcomes during long-term follow-up of 10 years. However, patients should be closely monitored for complications such as cataract formation, endothelial cell loss, and retinal detachment.

3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893329

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the long-term clinical outcomes of implantable collamer lens (ICL) implantation in myopic patients. @*Methods@#This retrospective study included 129 eyes of 68 patients who underwent ICL implantation for correction of myopia with a 10-year follow-up. @*Results@#Ten years after ICL implantation, the mean uncorrected and corrected distance visual acuities (LogMAR) were 0.03 ± 0.13 and -0.07 ± 0.06, respectively. Ten years postoperatively, 52.7% and 84.5% of the eyes were within ± 0.5 and ± 1.0 diopters, respectively. The mean efficacy and safety indices were 0.91 ± 0.22 and 1.07 ± 0.19, respectively. There was no significant difference between mean preoperative (13.52 ± 2.88 mmHg) and postoperative (13.59 ± 3.55 mmHg) intraocular pressures. The endothelial cell density decreased from before surgery to 10 years after surgery (3,074 ± 365 cells/mm2, 2,812 ± 406 cells/mm2, respectively; mean decrease: 8.5 ± 10.8%; p = 0.011). Eight eyes (6.2%) developed cataract during follow-up, which was symptomatic in three eyes (2.3%) and treated with ICL explantation and phacoemulsification. Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment occurred in one eye (0.8%) and was treated with vitrectomy. @*Conclusions@#ICL implantation for the correction of myopia had good efficacy and safety outcomes during long-term follow-up of 10 years. However, patients should be closely monitored for complications such as cataract formation, endothelial cell loss, and retinal detachment.

4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916423

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We compared the intraocular pressure (IOP) changes and the relationships thereof with corneal biomechanics after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and femtosecond laser-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK). @*Methods@#A total of 234 eyes of 117 patients who underwent FS-LASIK surgery and 244 eyes of 122 patients who underwent SMILE surgery were included in this retrospective study. Data were collected preoperatively, and at 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively, including IOP measured via non-contract tonometry, central corneal thickness (CCT), and mean keratometry (Km), flat keratometry (Kf), and steep keratometry (Ks) data obtained using a dual Scheimpflug analyzer. Between-group differences were compared. Simple linear regression analysis was used to determine the relationship between changes in the IOP and the various parameters. @*Results@#The IOP changes were 5.41 ± 2.28 mmHg in the FS-LASIK group and 4.77 ± 2.38 mmHg in the SMILE group, thus significantly different (p = 0.004). The IOP did not change significantly from 1 to 6 months after FS-LASIK but increased significantly from 12.07 ± 1.77 mmHg at 3 months postoperatively to 12.77 ± 1.89 mmHg at 6 months postoperatively after SMILE (p = 0.002). All of the preoperative spherical equivalent and IOP, and changes in the Km, Kf, Ks, and CCT, were significantly associated with the IOP changes in both groups. The preoperative IOP evidenced the strongest relationship with the IOP changes in both groups (R2 = 0.414 in the FS-LASIK group, R2 = 0.292 in the SMILE group). @*Conclusions@#The IOP fell significantly after FS-LASIK and SMILE surgery, significantly more so after FS-LASIK than SMILE. The preoperative IOP exhibited the greatest influence on the IOP decreases after both FS-LASIK and SMILE.

5.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832815

ABSTRACT

Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a fibro-inflammatory condition characterized by several pathological features that can theoretically involve all organs. Ovarian involvement in IgG4-RD has been reported by two studies only. Herein, we report a pathologically confirmed case of ovarian involvement of IgG4-RD, which mimicked bilateral ovarian malignancies on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging.

7.
Gut and Liver ; : 83-92, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719363

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Lysyl oxidase-like 2 (LOXL2), a collagen-modifying enzyme, has been implicated in cancer invasiveness and metastasis. METHODS: We evaluated the expression of LOXL2 protein, in addition to carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX), keratin 19, epithelial cell adhesion molecule, and interleukin 6, in 105 resected hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: LOXL2 positivity was found in 14.3% (15/105) of HCCs, and it was significantly associated with high serum α-fetoprotein levels, poor differentiation, fibrous stroma, portal vein invasion, and advanced TNM stage (p < 0.05 for all). Additionally, LOXL2 positivity was significantly associated with CAIX (p=0.005) and stromal interleukin 6 expression (p=0.001). Survival analysis of 99 HCC patients revealed LOXL2 positivity to be a poor prognostic factor; its prognostic impact appeared in progressed HCCs. Furthermore, LOXL2 positivity was shown to be an independent predictor of overall survival and disease-specific survival (p < 0.05 for all). Interestingly, co-expression of LOXL2 and CAIX was also an independent predictor for overall survival, disease-specific survival, disease-free survival, and extrahepatic recurrence-free survival (p < 0.05 for all). CONCLUSIONS: LOXL2 expression represents a subgroup of HCCs with more aggressive behavior and is suggested to be a poor prognostic marker in HCC patients.


Subject(s)
Carbonic Anhydrases , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Disease-Free Survival , Epithelial Cells , Extracellular Matrix , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Interleukin-6 , Keratin-19 , Neoplasm Metastasis , Portal Vein , Prognosis
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917775

ABSTRACT

Venipuncture is a routine and relatively safe and painless medical procedure, necessary for accurate diagnosis and treatment. However, given that pain related to medical procedures may have adverse effects for children, could venipuncture cause deaths in infants and children? We analyzed our cases of unexpected death after venipuncture and conducted a literature review on them. A vasovagal response to noxious stimuli may explain such a sudden death immediately after venipuncture, commonly presented as needle phobia, breath-holding spell, and reflex anoxic seizure in the literature, despite the fact that the current medical evidence is not enough to prove their casual relationship. In addition, pain prevention and management during medical procedure is incorporated in clinical guidelines for pediatric patients, because painful medical procedures negatively affect child development. Thus, prevention and management of pain related to medical procedure may be helpful to avoid an adverse vasovagal response to noxious stimuli from occurring.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740670

ABSTRACT

Venipuncture is a routine and relatively safe and painless medical procedure, necessary for accurate diagnosis and treatment. However, given that pain related to medical procedures may have adverse effects for children, could venipuncture cause deaths in infants and children? We analyzed our cases of unexpected death after venipuncture and conducted a literature review on them. A vasovagal response to noxious stimuli may explain such a sudden death immediately after venipuncture, commonly presented as needle phobia, breath-holding spell, and reflex anoxic seizure in the literature, despite the fact that the current medical evidence is not enough to prove their casual relationship. In addition, pain prevention and management during medical procedure is incorporated in clinical guidelines for pediatric patients, because painful medical procedures negatively affect child development. Thus, prevention and management of pain related to medical procedure may be helpful to avoid an adverse vasovagal response to noxious stimuli from occurring.


Subject(s)
Autopsy , Child , Child Development , Death, Sudden , Diagnosis , Forensic Pathology , Humans , Infant , Infant Death , Needles , Phlebotomy , Phobic Disorders , Reflex , Seizures
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741179

ABSTRACT

Indeterminate dendritic cell tumor (IDCT) is a dendritic cell tumor that displays histologic features similar to those of Langerhans cells. The origin of the indeterminate cells may represent precursors of Langerhans cells or skin dendritic cells. IDCT is extremely rare, and tumor progression and predictive factors are not well known. Here, we report a case of a 61-year-old man who presented with a papule on his back and was finally diagnosed with IDCT based on histology and immunohistochemistry. The tumor recurred three months after surgical excision.


Subject(s)
Dendritic Cells , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Langerhans Cells , Middle Aged , Recurrence , Skin
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-109032

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Extraosseous Ewing's sarcoma (EOE) of the rectum is extremely rare: only three cases have been reported in the literature and none of these reports described their imaging findings in detail. Herein, we describe the tumor imaging and pathological features in detail. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We report a case of rectal EOE in a 72-year-old female who received local excision and was provisionally diagnosed with a rectal submucosal spindle cell tumor. We used immunohistochemistry, histopathology, and fluorescence in situ hybridization to characterize the tumor and provide a definitive diagnosis of EOE. RESULTS: MRI revealed a well-demarcated submucosal tumor with heterogeneous enhancement and hemorrhagic foci in rectum. EOE was diagnosed by positive staining of tumor cells for CD99 and Fli-1 by immunohistochemistry and the presence of the EWSR1 gene translocation by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Although the patient underwent radiation treatment and surgery, the tumor recurred after 4 months as revealed by computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. CONCLUSION: Rectal EOE may present as a rectal submucosal tumor. The understanding of imaging and histological characteristics of this tumor are critical for accurate diagnosis and appropriate aggressive treatment.


Subject(s)
Aged , Diagnosis , Female , Fluorescence , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Hybridization , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Rectum , Sarcoma, Ewing
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-189737

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of a combined procedure of astigmatic keratotomy (AK) and laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for the correction of high astigmatism. METHODS: Thirty-five eyes of 19 patients who had astigmatic keratotomy were studied. The patients had a secondary procedure, LASIK, to correct the residual refractive error. Follow-up visits were at 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months. The outcome measures included uncorrected distance visual acuity, refractive error, efficacy, safety, and predictability. We compared preoperative and post-AK expected corneal ablation depth using an Amaris Ablation depth table. RESULTS: After astigmatic keratotomy, astigmatism was reduced by 61.43 ± 14.62%, and after LASIK, astigmatism was reduced by 91.65 ± 8.68%. Expected corneal ablation depth was reduced by 18.72 ± 11.77% after astigmatic keratotomy. The proportion of eyes with spherical equivalent 0.5 D or less was 85.71% at 6 months after the combined procedure of astigmatic keratotomy and LASIK. No intraoperative or postoperative complications were observed. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed the combined procedure of astigmatic keratotomy and LASIK is effective for visual acuity, refraction, and reduction in corneal ablation depth.


Subject(s)
Astigmatism , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Postoperative Complications , Refractive Errors , Visual Acuity
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-90596

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the beveled, full thickness astigmatic keratotomy. METHODS: This study included 185 eyes of 112 patients treated with beveled, full thickness astigmatic keratotomy. Treated eyes were divided into 3 groups: beveled, full thickness astigmatic keratotomy after implantable collamer lens (ICL) implantation (group A), beveled, full thickness astigmatic keratotomy after cataract surgery (group B) and beveled, full thickness astigmatic keratotomy alone (group C). Follow-up visits were at 1 week, 1 month, 3 months and 6 months. The outcome measures included uncorrected distance visual acuity, astigmatism, efficacy, safety and predictability. RESULTS: At 6 months postoperatively, astigmatism was significantly reduced: 68.9 +/- 18.24% in total, 69.24 +/- 20.76%, in the group A, 67.84 +/- 17.56% in the group B and 67.82 +/- 13.97% in the group C. The proportion of eyes with astigmatism 1.0 or less was 88.65% in total, 91.49% in the group A, 87.5% in the group B and 70.0% in the group C. Mean improvement in corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) was 0.56 lines; no eyes lost 2 lines of CDVA after 6 months postoperatively. Postoperative complications were not observed. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed the beveled, full thickness astigmatic keratotomy is effective and safe for correcting astigmatism alone as well as correcting astigmatism after ICL implantation or cataract surgery.


Subject(s)
Astigmatism , Cataract , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Postoperative Complications , Visual Acuity
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-211061

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of suction loss during small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and a good visual outcome after switching to femtosecond laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK). CASE SUMMARY: A 20-year-old female was admitted to receive refractive surgery. During SMILE in the left eye, suction loss occurred at 65% of posterior cut completion. We switched to LASIK and SMILE was performed in the right eye as planned. The uncorrected distance visual acuity was 1.2 with a manifest refraction of +0.25 Dsph with 0 Dcyl. The patient had no complications at 3 months postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS: Suction loss during SMILE is a rare complication. Good visual outcome was achieved by switching to LASIK.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ , Refractive Surgical Procedures , Suction , Visual Acuity , Young Adult
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-63386

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the refractive outcomes of small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) in high myopia patients compared with mild to moderate myopia patients. METHODS: This study included 332 eyes of 166 myopic patients treated with SMILE using Visumax 500 kHz femtosecond laser. Treated eyes were divided into 2 groups according to preoperative spherical equivalent (SE): mild to moderate myopia (A group, or =-6.0 D). Follow-up visits were at 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months. The outcome measures included uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), best corrected distance visual acuity (BDVA), postoperative SE, efficacy index, safety index and predictability. RESULTS: Preoperative SE was -4.85 +/- 0.86 D in the A group and -7.70 +/- 1.0 D in the B group. No differences were observed between -0.04 +/- 0.29 D in the A group and -0.30 +/- 0.37 D in the B group at 6 months postoperatively (p = 0.062). At 6 months postoperatively, 98.3% and 97.3% had UDVA of 20/25 or better in the A group and B group, respectively. In the A group, 97.3% and 100% were within +/-0.5 D and +/-1.0 D of intended correction and in the B group, 91.7% and 96.9% were within +/-0.5 D and +/-1.0 D, respectively. Efficacy indices were 1.02 +/- 0.19 in the A group and 0.99 +/- 0.18 in the B group. Safety indices were 1.16 +/- 0.16 in the A group and 1.14 +/- 0.16 in the B group. The efficacy and safety indices were not significantly different between the A and B groups at 6 months postoperatively (p = 0.09, p = 0.695, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that SMILE is effective and safe for correcting high myopia as well as mild to moderate myopia.


Subject(s)
Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Myopia , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Visual Acuity
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-30105

ABSTRACT

Imaging studies using MRI, PET, and/or MEG have been primary evaluation methods to quantitatively assess cognitive function. Recent advances in computational technology and information technology may allow a novel evaluation methodology to quantitate cognitive function more cost-effectively. In this study, we developed a software package composed of a series of tests to evaluate cognitive ability combined with a user-friendly touch screen input device. This cognitive assessment tool can quantitate concentration, numeric memory, associative memory, topological memory, visual and muscular reaction, and acoustic reaction over a relatively short testing time. We performed an empirical study on eighty normal subjects aged 20 and 59 years old using the developed evaluation methods. Age-related cognitive deterioration after 40 years old was confirmed. There was no difference in cognitive ability between male and female in the same age group. This study demonstrates the feasibility of a simple but effective evaluation software tool to quantitatively assess cognitive ability. This methodology may provide improved accessibility and reduced costs to perform cognitive function studies to compare between various subject groups.


Subject(s)
Acoustics , Aged , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Female , Humans , Male , Memory , Software
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657054

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To analyze the clinical and radiological results of Huckstep nailing in the treatment of acute femoral fractures and femoral nonunion, and to report the easy and non-fluoroscopic technique of targeting the locking screw holes by making double cortical windows. Materials and Methods: This study examined a total of fifteen femoral fractures treated with Huckstep nailing between January 1999 and January 2004. The fractures included six acute fractures (five closed and one open) and nine nonunions (four infective and five aseptic). The reoperative status, number of interventions, time to union and complications were analyzed. Ten male and 5 female patients with an average age of 42 years (range, 18-70) were followed up for a mean of 26 months (range, 16 months to 6.4 years). A new method of double cortical windows for targeting the screw holes were performed in seven cases without fluoroscopic aid. Results: Radiographic union was achieved after a mean of 15.3 weeks in those with an acute fracture and after a mean of 24.6 weeks in those with nonunion. One open fracture was fixed initially using a monofixator followed by Huckstep nail 4 weeks later when the open wound had healed. A bone graft was performed in two cases of nonunion, and Hydroxyapatite/Tricalcium phosphate granules were grafted in three cases of nonunion. Partial knee ankylosis resulted in 6 cases of nonunion at the final follow-up because the nonunion cases had undergone an average of 4.3 surgical procedures at other hospitals over an average of 11.8 months before performing Huckstep nailing. One acute case without proximal screw fixation resulted in dynamization and femoral shortening of 2 cm. Conclusion: Huckstep nailing provides stable fixation sufficient to enable early knee motion and weight bearing until the fracture heals in both acute fracture and nonunion. The new method of double cortical windows allows the easy targeting of screw holes without fluoroscopic aid.


Subject(s)
Ankylosis , Female , Femoral Fractures , Femur , Follow-Up Studies , Fractures, Open , Humans , Knee , Male , Transplants , Weight-Bearing , Wounds and Injuries
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-42247

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Acute appendicitis is the most common disease requiring abdominal surgery, but for atypical clinical findings, a preoperative diagnosis is difficult and the frequency of a false positive and false negative diagnosis is high. The authors compared the diagnostic accuracy of a Technetium-99m-ciprofloxacin scan with that of the other diagnostic tools and evaluated its potential for clinical applications. METHODS: Seventeen patients were among those patients who visited the emergency room due to right lower quadrant (RLQ) pain were selected for this study. The decision for primary treatment was based on the clinical findings (RLQ pain, nausea, tenderness, rebound tenderness, leukocytosis, etc) and the radiological findings (abdominal ultrasonogram, abdominal computed tomography, etc). The 99mTc-ciprofloxacin scan was conducted regardless of the decision above. For the patients who underwent surgery, the final diagnosis of acute appendicitis was based on the pathologic result and for patients who did not undergo surgery, the final diagnosis was determined by the clinical course. RESULTS: Seventeen patients were enrolled in this study (7 males, 10 females). The patient's age ranged from 8 to 71 years and the average age was 29.2 years. The diagnostic accuracy of acute appendicitis is presented in order of the clinical findings, the radiological findings and the 99mTc- ciprofloxacin scan as follows: The sensitivity was 100%, 90.9% and 100%; the specificity rates was 33.3%, 50% and 67%; the positive predictive value was 87.5%, 90.9% and 93%; the negative predictive values was 100%, 50% and 100%; the false positive rate was 66.7%, 50% and 33.3%; the false negative rate was 0%, 9% and 0%. The respective p-values for the correlation between these results and the final diagnosis were 0.021, 0.049 and 0.002. CONCLUSION: A 99mTc-ciprofloxacin scan can decrease the false positive and the false negative rate and increase the diagnostic accuracy of acute appendicitis patients.


Subject(s)
Appendicitis , Ciprofloxacin , Diagnosis , Emergency Service, Hospital , Humans , Leukocytosis , Male , Nausea , Sensitivity and Specificity , Ultrasonography
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-160671

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: B1 field of birdcage RF (radiofrequency) coil that is used most for brain imaging in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) decreases toward endring from the coil center. We investigated how much RF B1 homogeneity effect the endcap shield brings form the coil center as it towards to endcap region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared RF B1 field distribution by each finite difference time domain (FDTD) simulations for lowpass, highpass and hybrid birdcage RF coils. We selected the highpass birdcage RF coil that was the highest RF B1 field condition as simulation result, and studied how much RF B1 homogeneity effect was occurred when endcap shield was applied to endring area. RESULTS: B1 field of the highpass birdcage RF coil was higher than other birdcage RF coil types as simulation result. However, the RF B1 homogeneity was lower than other coil types. RF B1 field of highpass birdcage RF coil with endcap shield is similar with RF B1 field of hybrid birdcage RF coil and the overall RF B1 homogeneity in sagittal direction was better. CONCLUSION: In this paper, proposed method can apply improving RF B1 homogeneity of RF coil in clinical examination.


Subject(s)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neuroimaging
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-151912

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: For patient with extreme myopia outside the suspected limit of single procedure alone, we performed Lasik as a secondary procedure for the correction of residual refractive error following phakic IOL implantation. METHODS: First, we made a corneal flap using ACS(Bauch & Lomb surgical/Chirom vision, Irvine, CA) due to the potential risk of endothelial damage by cornea-IOL contact during the flap dissection. One month later, phakic IOLs, Nuvita MA20 (Bauch & Lomb surgical/Chiron vision, Irvine, CA) implantation were done, and 4 months after IOL implantation, stromal ablation was performed with the eximer laser by using previously formed flap. RESULTS: Preoperative spherical equivalent refraction was -25.0 D of Rt eye, -24.0 D of Lt eye, and preoperative visual acuity was 20/500 (best spectacle corrected visual acuity; BSCVA: 20/50) of Rt eye, 20/200 (BSCVA: 20/40) of Lt eye. Spherical equivalent refraction following phakic IOL implantation was -4.25 D of Rt eye, -3.75 D of Lt eye and refractive cylinder was -1.0 D cyl x90 A, visual acuity was 20/100 (BSCVA: 20/40) of Rt eye, 20/100 (BSCVA: 20/40) of Lt eye. Spherical equivalent refraction at the last examination following LASIK was -0.75 D of Rt eye, -0.5 D of Lt eye and visual acuity was 20/25 (BSCVA: 20/25) of Rt eye, 20/25 (BSCVA: 20/25) of Lt eye. CONCLUSIONS: Bioptics by combined anterior chamber phakic intraocular lens and laser in situ keratomileusis is one of the effective methods for patients with refractive error of extreme myopia outside the suspected limits of single procedure alone. Longer follow-up of large number of cases is needed to fully assess the safety and complications.


Subject(s)
Anterior Chamber , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ , Myopia , Phakic Intraocular Lenses , Refractive Errors , Visual Acuity
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