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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912643

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss a surgical method that reduces the notch tension and assists in suspending and lifting the skin after reposition so as to relieve scar and to prevent alopecia and maintain long-term lifting effect.Methods:After forehead or temporal open incision rhytidectomy, 2-0 absorbable sutures were used to pass through the intradermal at the hairline and skin junction in front of the incision. After that, the sewing needle passed through the whole skin flap vertically from the two points of the suture inlet and outlet, and then sutured on the deep temporal fascia or galea aponeurotica, in order to reduce tension of the main anchor point of the incision and to assist suspending the elevated flap. Afterwards, the width of the skin excision was determined according to the skin relaxation, the subcutaneous relaxation suture of scalp incision was conducted and the incision closed with nailing device.Results:From June 2016 to October 2018, this method was applied in 33 cases of rhytidectomy. In the early postoperative period, the skin around the hairline had a slight appearance of accumulation due to the traction of sutures, which gradually disappeared with time. During the long-term follow-up, 2 patients had hair loss near the incision, and the hair density decreased. The remaining patients had no obvious scar hyperplasia and alopecia, and no long-term skin accumulation. The facial rejuvenation effect was good, and the satisfactory rate of patients was high.Conclusions:The technique of intradermal tension reduction combined with suspension suture redistributes the tension and significantly reduces the scar hyperplasia and baldness at the incision. Meanwhile, the suture also plays the role of accessory suspension, which helps to increase the stability and durability of facial tissue; the whole procedure is simple, safe, and long lasting.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 570-574, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873800

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the association of common clinical indices and noninvasive liver fibrosis scores with hepatic-type Wilson’s disease (WD) in Chinese patients and their ability to identify advanced liver fibrosis. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 236 Chinese patients with WD who were diagnosed and treated in Beijing YouAn Hospital and China-Japan Friendship Hospital from May 1996 to April 2020. A total of 26 patients with hepatic-type WD who underwent liver pathological examination and had complete clinical data were enrolled; the METAVIR score was used to determine liver fibrosis stage, and the patients were divided into advanced liver fibrosis (F3 and F4 stages) group and non-advanced liver fibrosis (F0, F1, and F2 stages) groups. Three noninvasive liver fibrosis scores [Sheth index, aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI), and fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) index] were calculated for both groups, and the above indices and related clinical indices were compared between the two groups. The independent samples t-test or the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the Fisher’s exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. The Spearman rank correlation test was used for further analysis of indices with statistical significance, and the clinical indices and scoring criteria correlated with liver fibrosis degree were screened out; the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was calculated. ResultsMost of the patients in this study developed the disease in childhood and adolescence, and among these patients, 10 (38.5%) had positive K-F ring and 17 (65%) were in the stage of advanced liver fibrosis. There were significant differences between the advanced liver fibrosis group and the non-advanced liver fibrosis group in white blood cell count (WBC) (Z=-2.102, P=0.036), hemoglobin (Hb) (t=-2.860, P=0009), platelet count (PLT) (t=-4.053, P<0.001), direct bilirubin (DBil) (Z=-2.130, P=0.033), albumin (Alb) (t=-2.875, P=0.008), and Sheth index (Z=-3.369, P=0.001). WBC, Hb, PLT, and Alb were negatively correlated with liver fibrosis degree in WD patients (r=-0.587, -0.610, -0.656, and -0.411, all P<0.05), and DBil and Sheth index were positively correlated with liver fibrosis degree (r=0.486 and 0.711, both P<0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that WBC, DBil, Sheth index, Hb, PLT, and Alb had an AUC of >0.7, among which Sheth index had the largest AUC of 0.908, with a sensitivity of 70.6%, a specificity of 100.0%, a positive predictive value of 100.0%, and a negative predictive value of 64.3%. ConclusionSheth index has a better diagnostic efficiency than the other clinical indices alone and can well identify advanced liver fibrosis in Chinese patients with hepatic-type WD.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807490

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This paper discusses a surgical method to improve the middle part of face and the temporal surface by using the patented technology of embedding guidance technology.@*Methods@#On the basis of not removing the skin, the application of embedding guidance technology was applied to achieve the effect of facial lifting by placing a 2-0 polyester knitting line under the scalp with a minimally invasive incision(3-5 mm) , paving up to the skull periosteum and down to the hairline edge for compound fixation.@*Results@#Among the 200 patients, 197 were female and 3 were male. Aging from 23-62 years old, all of the patients suffered from mild to moderate problem of saggy skin.Post-operation follow-up was kept from 3 months to 5 years after the treatment, which demonstrated that all of the patients showed different degrees of facial lifting after edema subsided at 3 months, including improvedfacial skin condition, shallower nasolabial groove, lifting of the lateral canthus and tightening of facial skin. The patients were satisfied with the effect.@*Conclusions@#The surgical method is an effective method to solve the problem of facial aging with advantages, such as simple execution, minimized wound, fast recovery, no post-operation bandage requirement and showing great result towards patients suffering from mild and moderate saggy facial skin problem.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807487

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the skin condition and histological changes after face lift based on extended subcutaneous and sub-SMAS undermining and multiple accurate plication of SMAS system.@*Methods@#Eighteen patients that underwent face lift were enrolled according to the inclusion and exclusion criterion. Objective, subjective and histological evaluations were performed to study the skin changes.@*Results@#Nine patients completed the study and skin condition improved significantly after face lift from the objective and subjective results. Histological evaluation revealed that epidermal thickness increased along with dermal collagen content. Collagen and elastic fibers were more condensed after surgery than before, suggesting the dermal regeneration after face lift.@*Conclusions@#Skin regeneration after face lift can help maintain the postoperative result. Extensive subcutaneous dissection along with removal of lax skin as much as possible are the key points of face lift.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806353

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical effect of modified three minimally invasive blepharoplasty of double-fixation method.@*Methods@#From April 2015 to December 2016, 82 patients were included, all received minimally invasive blepharoplasty. Three 3 mm-long small incision (at medial, middle and lateral) were designed, then part of the orbicularis oculi muscle and pretarsal fat were removed. Pretarsal fascia was then sutured with orbicularis oculi muscle and skin with two-layer-suture to form double eyelid respectively.@*Results@#With up to 18 months follow-up, all patients had short period of detumescence within 7-12 days, high satisfaction rate with long lasting and natural double eyelid shape were achieved, no obvious scarring was noted.@*Conclusions@#Modified three minimally invasive blepharoplasty of double-fixation method has presented the merits of accurate presentation, natural shape, quicker recovery and less trauma, which makes it worthy of clinical presentation.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 819-826, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809562

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the methods for qualitative pathological assessment of dynamic changes in liver fibrosis/cirrhosis after antiviral therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), since antiviral therapy can partially reverse liver fibrosis and cirrhosis caused by hepatitis B and semi-quantitative, rather than qualitative, pathological assessment is often used for the research on liver fibrosis regression.@*Methods@#Previously untreated CHB patients with liver fibrosis and cirrhosis were enrolled, and liver biopsy was performed before treatment and at 78 weeks after the antiviral therapy based on entecavir. The follow-up assessment was performed once every half a year. Based on the proportion of different types of fibrous septum, we put forward the new qualitative criteria called P-I-R classification (predominantly progressive, predominantly regressive, and indeterminate) for evaluating dynamic changes in liver fibrosis. This classification or Ishak fibrosis stage was used to evaluate the change in liver fibrosis after treatment and Ishak liver inflammation score was used to evaluate the change in liver inflammation after treatment.@*Results@#A total of 112 CHB patients who underwent liver biopsy before and after treatment were enrolled, and among these patients, 71 with an Ishak stage of ≥3 and qualified results of live biopsy were included in the final analysis. Based on the P-I-R classification, 58% (41/71) were classified as predominantly progressive, 29% (21/71) were classified as indeterminate, and 13% (9/71) were classified as predominantly regressive; there were no significant differences between the three groups in alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, albumin, HBeAg positive rate, HBV DNA, and liver stiffness (P < 0.05). After treatment, the proportion of predominantly progressive, indeterminate, or predominantly regressive patients changed to 11% (8/71), 11% (8/71), and 78% (55/71), respectively. Among the 35 patients who had no change in Ishak stage after treatment, 72% (25/35) were classified as predominantly regressive and had certain reductions in the Laennec score, percentage of collagen area, and liver stiffness.@*Conclusion@#This new P-I-R classification can be used to assess the dynamic changes in liver fibrosis after antiviral therapy in CHB patients.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353197

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the surgical techniques and therapeutic effect of eyelid divided nevus.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2000 to January 2014, 27 cases with 27 eyelid divided nevi were treated by staged excision (2 cases), or full-thickness skin graft (20 cases) or frontal and facial expanded flaps (3 cases), or combined expanded flaps with skin grafts (2 cases) for large lesions. One case with skin graft underwent secondary treatment with expanded flap due to obvious scar.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Except for one case with residue lesion (0. 5 cm x 0. 5 cm), all the other cases underwent successful treatment with primary healing. All the patients were followed up for 3-48 months (average, 7. 4 months). Except for one case with secondary expanded flap treatment, all the other patients were satisfied with aesthetic and functional results. No occurrence happened.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Staged excision and full-thickness skin grafts are simple and effective method for eyelid divided nevus. For large lesions, expanded flap, or combined with skin graft should be considered.</p>


Subject(s)
Cicatrix , General Surgery , Esthetics , Eyelid Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Humans , Nevus , Pathology , General Surgery , Skin Transplantation , Surgical Flaps , Tissue Expansion , Wound Healing
8.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 425-429, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314024

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the correlation of liver hardness testing</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>obtained by FibroTouch and FibroScan and the liver pathological stage.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy-five patients with chronic hepatitis B who presented to our clinic between January 2011 and April 2013 were examined with FibroTouch and FibroScan to evaluate the degree of liver fibrosis. Forty-six of those patients also underwent liver biopsy examination.</p><p><b>THE RESULTS</b>from technology-based testing and histopathological evaluation of the biopsy were compared by statistical analysis to determine the consistency of FibroTouch and FibroScan in regard to histological stage.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Analysis by paired t-test showed that the</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>from FibroTouch and FibroScan were not significantly different (t = -0.17, P =0.8616), and the correlation coefficient from Pearson's correlation analysis was 0.9949 (P less than 0.05), suggesting that the two technologies'</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>are correlated. Based on the histopathology</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>for liver fibrosis stage, the FibroTouch diagnosis of liver fibrosis more than or equal to S 1 had a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) area under the curve (AUC) of 0.889, diagnosis of liver fibrosis more than or equal to S2 had a ROC AUC of 0.941, diagnosis of liver fibrosis more than or equal to S3 had a ROC AUC of 0.908, and diagnosis of liver fibrosis more than or equal to S4 had a ROC AUC of 0.911.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compared to FibroScan, FibroTouch has a better ability for detecting liver fibrosis and a better consistency with liver pathological stage determined by histopathological analysis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Area Under Curve , Biopsy , Case-Control Studies , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Female , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Pathology , Humans , Liver , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Young Adult
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442632

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between virtual touch tissue quantification (VTQ) and the pathological grading of liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B.Methods 64 chronic hepatitis B patients (the chronic hepatitis group) and 40 healthy volunteers (the controlled group) were collected.The patients in the chronic hepatitis group were underwent liver biopsy.According to the hepatic fibrosis degree,the patients in the test group were classified into stage 0,1,2,3 and 4.The liver shear wave velocities (SWV) of all the participant were measured by VTQ.The cut-off values were determined by an analysis of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results The mean SWV was (1.04± 0.13)m/s in the controlled group.The SWV in stages 0,1,2,3,and 4 were (1.17 ± 0.08)m/s,(1.33 ± 0.32)m/s,(1.53 ±0.32) m/s,(2.09 ± 0.54) m/s,(2.18 ± 0.70) m/s,respectively.There was a significantly difference in SWV between the controlled group and the chronic hepatitis group (F =34.97,P =0.00).The SWV were significantly different not only between stages 0-2,and 3,but also between 0-2 and 4 (F =8.87,P =0.00).A positive correlation was observed between the liver fibrosis and the SWV in the chronic hepatitis group (r =0.67,P =0.00).When a cut off value was set at 1.43 m/s,area under ROC curve was 0.875.The sensitivity and specificity were 100 % and 62.5 %.Conclusions SWV has a better correlation with liver fibrosis.VTQ can make an accurate assessment for stage 3 and stage 4 of the chronic hepatitis B.Therefore,VTQ can be used as a noninvasive and reliable diagnostic indicator for chronic hepatitis B.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385009

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical and histological features of patients with abnormal liver tests of unknown etiology, and then to investigate the diagnosis and differential diagnosis. Methods Patients with abnormal liver function test hospitalized and had liver biopsies during 2008-2009 constituted this retrospective study cohort. After excluding those patients diagnosed with hepatotropic viral hepatitis,space occupying lesions of the liver, alcoholic liver disease and obstruction of bile duct caused by stone or malignancy and AMA/AMA-M2 positive of primary biliary cirrhosis ( PBC ), the clinical and histological characteristics were evaluated. Results Out of the 180 patients who underwent liver biopsy, 88 patients were included in the present analysis. The final diagnosis involved 15 categories of diseases, with druginduced liver injury ( DILI ) [34. 09% ( 30/88 )], autoimmune liver diseases [22.73% ( 20/88 )], and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) [12. 50% ( 11/88 )] being the most common causes, following by genetic and other rare diseases. Conclusion DILI, autoimmune liver disease and NAFLD were the most common causes of abnormal liver tests in these non-viral liver diseases. Some rare diseases such as hereditary metalbolic liver disease also represent a considerable proportion in patients with abnormal liver function test.

11.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 228-231,封3, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-597759

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a method of a new type of liver fibrosis model in rats induced by repeated injection of rabbits' liver homogenate. Methods Female Wistar rats were randomly divided into a normal control group (8 rats), a human albumin induced liver fibrosis model group (15 rats) and a rabbits'liver homogenate induced liver fibrosis group (15 rats). The induction of liver fibrosis began with an immune sensitizing period (4 weeks) and was followed by an immune attacking period (8 weeks). After 8 weeks'attacking, all rats were sacrificed under anesthesia. Liver enzymes in serum and hydroxyproline in liver tissue were measured by standard methods and pathological scores were assessed by pathologists. Results The rats' liver weight, ratio of liver weight to body weight in the model group of liver homogenate were significantly increased compared with the normal control group. Serum globulin, tissue hydroxyproline were significantly increased, whereas serum albumin was significantly decreased in the homogenate group. There was only 20.0 percent of liver fibrosis score (2/10) exceeding a degree of 3 in the albumin group whereas 73.3 percent of that (11/15) were exceeding a degree of 3 in the homogenate group and the difference was significant (x2 = 4. 87,P = 0. 027). Conclusion In the study, we established a method of a new type of experimental liver fibrosis model in rats. The method has a significantly high success rate and this model can be used to study the mechanism of liver fibrosis and the efficacy of antifibrotic medicine.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-383624

ABSTRACT

Objective To study a improved technique by releasing the orbicularis retaining ligament in orbicularis oculi muscle supension blepharoplasty. Release of the orbicularis retaining ligament could cut off the contact between orbitomalar skin and periosteum at inferior orbital rim, and carry the point of tightening orbitomalar skin in orbicularis oculi muscle supension blepharoplasty. Methods There were 409 patients with apparent orbitmalar fold. The methods of releasing orbicularis retaining ligament and orbital septum fixation were added to improve the orbicularis oculi muscle supension blepharoplasty. Results 409 cases were treated using this method over the past 3 years. All results were satisfactory. No complications were observed. Conclusion This improved method of orbicularis oculi muscle supension blepharoplasty is useful for orbitomalar skin rolling, especially for orbitmalar fold. The release allows effective redraping and upward mobilization of the orbicularis of the lower lid and the premalar soft tissues. This method is a simple, safe and effective procedure for the correction of tear trough deformity and well-demarcated lid/cheek junction in lower eyelid belpharoplasty. It is one of the best choices for lower eyelid blepharoplasty.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291180

ABSTRACT

This study sought to detect the pathological changes of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and medial collateral ligament (MCL) under injury stretch. Bone-ACL-Bone (B-ACL-B) and B-MCL-B complexes were isolated from 20 male Wister rats, and were immersed in phosphate buffered saline. The complexes were stretched with 10% or 20% strain for 10 min or 30 min. After being stretched, the specimens were fixed in 10% buffered formalin, then mounted in paraffin. Sections were stained with Alcian blue-PAS and HE. The following results were found: In the control group, the matrix in ACL contained much more GAGs, as compared with that in MCL. When stretched with 10%, most of the fibroblasts in ACL were elongated like spindles in shape, and some pyknotic nuclei were found increased with stretching time. With 20% strain, ACL showed disruption in parts of collagen fibrils and lysis. But MCL was often torn at its tibia end. The injury can be detected in pathological slices under microscope, even this injury can not be found with naked eye. This injury first starts with the disturbance of the nucleus in the ligament, but following further stretching, it will extend to the rupture of collagen fibrils, and the serious injury of the fibroblasts is especially bad to the repair of the ligament.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anterior Cruciate Ligament , Pathology , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries , Male , Medial Collateral Ligament, Knee , Wounds and Injuries , Pathology , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Stress, Mechanical
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-538782

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo summarize long-term effects of different op eration methods to cure congenital blepharophimosis syndrome in the past twenty years. MethodsIn the past twenty years, according to the clini cal features of 74 cases of congenital blepharophimosis syndrome,we adopted one -stage or two-stage technique to do the medial and lateral canthoplasty and/or to correct blepharoptosis. 24 patients accepted post-operative follow-up as l ong as 9 years. ResultsGenerally, Mustrarde technique was adop ted to correct inverse epicanthus for 54 cases, but for 20 patients with mild ep icanthus we adopted other methods. When enlarging the medial canthus, we selecti vely shortened the medial canthal ligament for 36 patients. When transverse tens ion on the upper eyelids was not increased, 33 cases selected one-stage techniq ue to correct this syndrome and obtained the same effects as two-stage techniqu e did for the other 41 cases. Other combined deformations of the patients should be treated in adolescence according to the patients' requirements. ConclusionBy adopting one-stage or two-stage technique to perform the medial and lateral canthoplasty and/or to correct blepharophimosis for con genital blepharophimosis syndrome can reach the satisfactory results if a correc t indication is selected.

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