Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 33
Filter
1.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 55: e0244, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360830

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Bothrops envenomations can often lead to complications, such as secondary infections. Methods: This cross-sectional study analyzed the medical records of all patients diagnosed with snakebite. Results: A total of 127 patients were included. Clindamycin was the most commonly prescribed antibiotic, with 105 patients (82.7%) receiving it as the primary antibiotic regimen. In 31 (24.4%) individuals, the first-choice antibiotic did not cease the infection. Conclusions: Secondary infection is an important complication resulting from snakebites, and evidence-based management of this complication can contribute to better clinical outcomes.

2.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(2): 210-223, Mar.-Apr. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248754

ABSTRACT

Abstract Urbanization, pollution and the modification of natural landscapes are characteristics of modern society, where the change in human relations with the environment and the impact on biodiversity are environmental determinants that affect the health-disease relationship. The skin is an organ that has a strong interface with the environment and, therefore, the prevalence patterns of dermatoses may reflect these environmental changes. In this article, aspects related to deforestation, fires, urbanization, large-scale agriculture, extensive livestock farming, pollution and climatic changes are discussed regarding their influence on the epidemiology of skin diseases. It is important that dermatologists be aware of their social responsibility in order to promote sustainable practices in their community, in addition to identifying the impacts of environmental imbalances on different dermatoses, which is essential for the prevention and treatment of these diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dermatology , Conservation of Natural Resources , Agriculture , Environmental Pollution
3.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(2): 176-183, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248741

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Sexually transmitted infections (STI) are a global public health problem. Urethritis are among the most common STIs, and can cause several complications and facilitate the transmission of the HIV virus. Objectives: To investigate the main etiologic agents of urethritis in 170 men treated at Fundação Alfredo da Matta. Methods: To identify the agents, urethral exudate and urine were collected. Gram and culture tests were performed in Thayer-Martin medium for Neisseria gonorrhoeae and polymerase chain reaction for Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Trichomonas vaginalis, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Ureaplasma parvum, Mycoplasma hominis, Mycoplasma genitalium, and herpes simplex types 1 and 2. Results: N. gonorrhoeae were identified in 102 (60.0%) patients, C. trachomatis in 50 (29.4%), U. urealyticum in 29 (17.0%), M. genitalium in 11 (6.5 %), U. parvum in ten (5.9%), and M. hominis in seven (4.1%). Herpes simplex type 2 was diagnosed in 24 (21.6%) of the 111 patients who underwent PCR for this pathogen. In 69 cases there was co-infection; the most frequent were: N. gonorrhoeae and C. trachomatis in 21 (14.7%) patients; N. gonorrhoeae and C. trachomatis in 21 (12.4%) patients; N. gonorrhoeae and herpes simplex type 2 in 11 (6.5%), and N. gonorrhoeae and U. urealyticum in nine (5.3%). Study limitations: Not relevant. Conclusion: N. gonorrhoeae, C. trachomatis, U. urealyticum, and herpes simplex type 2 were the pathogens most frequently identified in the present study. The main coinfection found was N. gonorrhoeae and C. trachomatis. T. vaginalis and herpes simplex type 1 were not identified in any of the patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Urethritis , Mycoplasma genitalium , Mycoplasma Infections , Brazil/epidemiology , Chlamydia trachomatis
5.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(1): 21-26, jan.-fev. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251319

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: O presente trabalho teve por objetivo caracterizar o perfil epidemiológico e clínico de pacientes com lagoftalmo associado à hanseníase, atendidos no ambulatório de oftalmologia da Fundação Alfredo da Matta, Manaus, Amazonas. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo retrospectivo realizado por meio da análise dos prontuários clínicos dos pacientes incluídos no estudo. Sexo, idade, forma clínica, grau de incapacidade no diagnóstico e desfecho foram obtidos dos prontuários. Início, tipo de comprometimento (unilateral ou bilateral), grau de intensidade do lagoftalmo e alterações oculares associadas também foram compilados. Resultados: Foram incluídos 65 pacientes; 66,1% eram do sexo masculino e 53,8% tinham idade superior a 60 anos. Em relação à classificação operacional da hanseníase, a maioria dos pacientes (81,5%) era multibacilar: 33,8% na forma de hanseníase borderline e 47% virchowiana. 36,9% casos apresentavam sequelas oculares associadas ao lagoftalmo: opacidade corneana, epífora, ceratopatia em faixa, e neovascularização corneana.41,6% evoluíram para a cegueira. O lagoftalmo foi conduzido de forma clínica em 23 pacientes e a abordagem cirúrgica foi indicada em 42. Em relação ao tratamento cirúrgico consistiu principalmente no implante de peso de ouro e na cantoplastia de Tessier. Discussão: O lagoftalmo nessa casuística acometeu mais homens idosos, esteve relacionado à forma multibacilar, com hanseníase do tipo virchowiano como relatado na literatura. O diagnóstico de lagoftalmo foi tardio na maioria dos casos, explicando o grande número de sequelas incluindo a cegueira. Conclusão: O presente estudo reforça a necessidade de acompanhamento oftalmológico precoce para que as potenciais e graves sequelas associadas a essa condição sejam evitadas.


ABSTRACT Objective: The present study aimed to characterize the epidemiological and clinical profile of patients with lagophthalmos associated with leprosy, seen at the ophthalmology outpatient clinic of Fundação Alfredo da Matta, Manaus, Amazonas. Methods: This is a retrospective study carried out by analyzing the medical records of the patients included in the study. Sex, age, clinical form, degree of disability in diagnosis and outcome were obtained from medical records. Onset, type of impairment (unilateral or bilateral), degree of intensity of lagophthalmos and associated eye changes were also compiled. Results: 65 patients were included; 66.1% were male and 53.8% were older than 60 years. Regarding the operational classification of leprosy, most patients (81.5%) were multibacillary: 33.8% in the form of borderline leprosy and 47% virchowian. 36.9% of cases had ocular sequelae associated with lagophthalmos: corneal opacity, epiphora, band keratopathy, and corneal neovascularization.41.6% progressed to blindness. Lagophthalmos was performed clinically in 23 patients and the surgical approach was indicated in 42. Regarding surgical treatment, it consisted mainly of gold weight implantation and Tessier's canthoplasty. Discussion: Lagophthalmos in this sample affected more elderly men, was related to the multibacillary form, with leprosy-like leprosy as reported in the literature. The diagnosis of lagophthalmos was delayed in most cases, explaining the large number of sequelae including blindness. Conclusion: The present study reinforces the need for early eye care so that the potential and serious sequelae associated with this condition are avoided.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Blindness/complications , Eye Diseases/epidemiology , Leprosy/epidemiology , Mycobacterium leprae , Oculomotor Muscles/abnormalities , Brazil , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies
6.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(5): 589-593, Sept.-Oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130950

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Syphilis is one of the most common diseases that start with genital ulcers. Aside from the initial, classic ulcerative lesion of syphilis, called hard chancre, atypical presentations are common, with erosions, erythema, edema, balanitis, and other dermatological manifestations. Associated with initial genital lesions, the presence of inguinal adenopathies is frequent, and the presence of hardened and painless lymphangitis on the dorsum of the penis is rare. Objectives: To describe atypical penile manifestations in patients with early syphilis. Methods: The present study reports patients who developed cord-like lesions on the penis. Results: The study included 25 patients with cord-like lesions on the penis; in 19 of those, the diagnosis of syphilis was confirmed. Study limitations: Small number of patients included. Conclusions: In view of the findings of the present investigation, it is important to emphasize that all patients who present with cord-like lesions on the penis must undergo a rapid test for syphilis, VDRL, serologies for HIV viral hepatitis B and C and, whenever possible, histopathological and Doppler exams.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Balanitis , Syphilis/diagnosis , Hepatitis B , Penis , Edema
7.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(5): 652-654, Sept.-Oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130942

ABSTRACT

Abstract Leprosy is an infectious disease with chronic evolution, caused by Mycobacterium leprae, an acid-fast bacillus that mainly affects the skin and peripheral nervous tissue. Many of the clinical manifestations of leprosy can mimic connective tissue diseases. The authors present the case of a 49-year-old woman who had been treated for four years for systemic lupus erythematosus in a rheumatological service. Skin biopsy of a plaque on the inguinal region was compatible with borderline lepromatous leprosy associated with a type 1 lepra reaction. The patient is undergoing treatment with multibacillary multidrug therapy, showing clinical improvement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Leprosy, Borderline/drug therapy , Leprosy, Lepromatous/diagnosis , Leprosy, Lepromatous/drug therapy , Leprosy/drug therapy , Drug Therapy, Combination , Leprostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Middle Aged , Mycobacterium leprae
8.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(3): 386-389, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130883

ABSTRACT

Abstract We report a 74-year-old male presented to an outpatient dermatology clinic in Manaus, Amazonas, with a one-year history of pruritic, keloidal lesions on his left lower extremity. Histopathology showed round structures in reticular dermis. Grocott methenamine silver stain revealed numerous round yeasts with thick double walls, occurring singly or in chains connected by tubular projections. The diagnosis was lobomycosis. Although the keloidal lesions presented by this patient are typical of lobomycosis, their linear distribution along the left lower limb is unusual.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Lobomycosis/diagnosis , Lobomycosis/pathology , Keloid/diagnosis , Keloid/pathology , Leg Dermatoses/diagnosis , Leg Dermatoses/pathology , Biopsy , Dermis/microbiology , Dermis/pathology
9.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(1): 1-14, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088727

ABSTRACT

Abstract These are cutaneous diseases caused by insects, worms, protozoa, or coelenterates which may or may not have a parasitic life. In this review the main ethological agents, clinical aspects, laboratory exams, and treatments of these dermatological diseases will be studied.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Diseases, Parasitic/pathology , Skin Diseases, Parasitic/drug therapy , Skin Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Time Factors , Biopsy , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Dermoscopy , Diagnosis, Differential
10.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(2): 277-278, Mar.-Apr. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887187

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Crusted scabies is a less common variant of scabies that is highly contagious, difficult to treat and involves infestation by Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis. The classical clinical presentation includes crusted, scaly and generally non-pruritic lesions usually located on the head, neck, palmar, plantar and periungual region. It was first described in Norway in 1848 in patients with leprosy who presented with crusted lesions. In this study, we report the case of a patient with crusted scabies with florid clinical manifestations and chronic liver disease due to hepatitis B and delta virus infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Scabies/pathology , Scabies/drug therapy , Hepatitis Delta Virus , Hepatitis B virus , End Stage Liver Disease/virology , Scabies/immunology , Treatment Outcome , End Stage Liver Disease/complications , Antiparasitic Agents/therapeutic use
11.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(6): 779-784, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887127

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Urethral discharge syndrome (UDS) is characterized by the presence of purulent or mucopurulent urethral discharge.The main etiological agents of this syndrome are Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis. Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of the syndromic management to resolve symptoms in male urethral discharge syndrome cases in Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil. Methods: Retrospective cohort of male cases of urethral discharge syndrome observed at a clinic for sexually transmitted disease (STD) in 2013. Epidemiological and clinical data, as well as the results of urethral swabs, bacterioscopy, hybrid capture for C.trachomatis, wet-mount examination, and culture for N.gonorrhoeae, were obtained through medical chart reviews. Results: Of the 800 urethral discharge syndrome cases observed at the STD clinic, 785 (98.1%) presented only urethral discharge syndrome, 633 (79.1%) returned for follow-up, 579 (91.5%) were considered clinically cured on the first visit, 41(6.5 %) were considered cured on the second visit, and 13(2.0%) did not reach clinical cure after two appointments. Regarding the etiological diagnosis, 42.7% of the patients presented a microbiological diagnosis of N.gonorrhoeae, 39.3% of non-gonococcal and non-chlamydia urethritis, 10.7% of C.trachomatis and 7.3% of co-infection with chlamydia and gonococcus. The odds of being considered cured in the first visit were greater in those who were unmarried, with greater schooling, and with an etiological diagnosis of gonorrhea. The diagnosis of non-gonococcal urethritis reduced the chance of cure in the first visit. Study limitation: A study conducted at a single center of STD treatment. Conclusion: Syndromic management of male urethral discharge syndrome performed in accordance with the Brazilian Ministry of Health STD guidelines was effective in resolving symptoms in the studied population. More studies with microbiological outcomes are needed to ensure the maintenance of the syndromic management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Urethral Diseases/microbiology , Urethral Diseases/drug therapy , Chlamydia Infections/complications , Gonorrhea/complications , Disease Management , Socioeconomic Factors , Suppuration , Syndrome , Brazil , Chlamydia Infections/drug therapy , Gonorrhea/drug therapy , Chlamydia trachomatis/isolation & purification , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Neisseria gonorrhoeae/isolation & purification
12.
An. bras. dermatol ; 90(6): 807-813, Nov.-Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-769514

ABSTRACT

Abstract: BACKGROUND: There have been few studies on pentamidine in the Americas; and there is no consensus regarding the dose that should be applied. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use of pentamidine in a single dose to treat cutaneous leishmaniasis. METHODS: Clinical trial of phase II pilot study with 20 patients. Pentamidine was used at a dose of 7 mg/kg, in a single dose. Safety and adverse effects were also assessed. Patients were reviewed one, two, and six months after the end of treatments. RESULTS: there was no difference between the treatment groups in relation to gender, age, number or location of the lesions. Pentamidine, applied in a single dose, obtained an effectiveness of 55%. Mild adverse events were reported by 17 (85%) patients, mainly transient pain at the site of applications (85%), while nausea (5%), malaise (5%) and dizziness (5%) were reported in one patient. No patient had sterile abscess after taking medication at a single dose of 7mg/kg. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical studies with larger samples of patients would enable a better clinical response of pent amidine at a single dose of 7mg, allowing the application of more powerful statistical tests, thus providing more evidences of the decrease in the effectiveness of that medication. Hence, it is important to have larger studies with new diagrams and/or new medications.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antiprotozoal Agents/administration & dosage , Benzamidines/administration & dosage , Leishmania guyanensis , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/drug therapy , Phenyl Ethers/administration & dosage , Antiprotozoal Agents/adverse effects , Benzamidines/adverse effects , Blood Glucose/analysis , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Pilot Projects , Phenyl Ethers/adverse effects , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
13.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 48(supl.1): 55-62, 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748363

ABSTRACT

Leprosy is an ancient infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. According to comparative genomics studies, this disease originated in Eastern Africa or the Near East and spread with successive human migrations. The Europeans and North Africans introduced leprosy into West Africa and the Americas within the past 500 years. In Brazil, this disease arrived with the colonizers who disembarked at the first colonies, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador and Recife, at the end of the sixteenth century, after which it was spread to the other states. In 1854, the first leprosy cases were identified in State of Amazonas in the north of Brazil. The increasing number of leprosy cases and the need for treatment and disease control led to the creation of places to isolate patients, known as leprosaria. One of them, Colonia Antônio Aleixo was built in Amazonas in 1956 according to the most advanced recommendations for isolation at that time and was deactivated in 1979. The history of the Alfredo da Matta Center (AMC), which was the first leprosy dispensary created in 1955, parallels the history of leprosy in the state. Over the years, the AMC has become one of the best training centers for leprosy, general dermatology and sexually transmitted diseases in Brazil. In addition to being responsible for leprosy control programs in the state, the AMC has carried out training programs on leprosy diagnosis and treatment for health professionals in Manaus and other municipalities of the state, aiming to increase the coverage of leprosy control activities. This paper provides a historical overview of leprosy in State of Amazonas, which is an endemic state in Brazil.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Nesting Behavior , Residence Characteristics , Sexual Behavior, Animal , Territoriality , Body Size , Cichlids , Microsatellite Repeats/genetics , Paternity , Spermatozoa/physiology
14.
An. bras. dermatol ; 90(1): 41-47, Jan-Feb/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-735739

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Leprosy is characterized histologically by a spectrum of different granulomatous skin lesions, reflecting patients' immune responses to Mycobacterium leprae. Although CD4+CD25+ FoxP3+ T regulatory cells are pivotal in the immuneregulation, presence, frequency, and distribution of Tregs in leprosy, its reactional states have been investigated in few studies. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to verify the frequency and distribution of regulatory T cells in different clinical forms and reactional states of leprosy. METHODS: We performed an immunohistochemical study on 96 leprosy cases [Indeterminate (I): 9 patients; tuberculoid tuberculoid: 13 patients; borderline tuberculoid: 26 patients; borderline borderline: 3 patients; borderline lepromatous: 8 patients; lepromatous lepromatous: 27 patients; reversal reaction: 8 patients; and erythema nodosum leprosum: 2 patients]. RESULTS: FoxP3-positive cells were present in 100% of the cases with an average density of 2.82% of the infiltrate. Their distribution was not related to granulomatous structures or special locations. There was a statistically significant increment of FoxP3 expression in patients with leprosy reversal reactions when compared with patients presenting with type I leprosy (P= 0.0228); borderline tuberculoid leprosy (P = 0.0351) and lepromatous leprosy (P = 0.0344). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that Tregs play a relevant role in the etiopathogenesis of leprosy, mainly in type I leprosy reaction. .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Granuloma/pathology , Leprosy/pathology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/pathology , Biopsy , Cytokines/analysis , Forkhead Transcription Factors/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , /analysis , Retrospective Studies , Skin/pathology
15.
An. bras. dermatol ; 89(5): 822-824, Sep-Oct/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-720787

ABSTRACT

The livedoid vasculopathy is an obstructive vascular process of etiology not yet fully known, being possibly associated with several prothrombotic events. It is clinically characterized by the presence of painful and recurring purpuric lesions, which usually suffer ulceration and evolve with formation of white atrophic scars usually located in the lower limbs. Two cases are here reported of painful ulcerated lesions on the lower limbs, in which the identification of VL enabled the diagnosis of systemic diseases.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Livedo Reticularis/pathology , Skin Ulcer/pathology , Livedo Reticularis/drug therapy , Skin Ulcer/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Venous Thrombosis/drug therapy , Venous Thrombosis/pathology
16.
An. bras. dermatol ; 89(4): 675-676, Jul-Aug/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-715529

ABSTRACT

We report the case of a 81-year-old female patient who had a two-year history of violet-colored erythematous tumors on both legs. Histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations confirmed the diagnosis of primary cutaneous large B-cell lymphoma, leg type. This rare, cutaneous lymphoma affects predominantly elderly females. Clinically, patients present with tumoral lesions on one or both legs (worst prognosis). Diagnosis is based on clinical, histopathological and immunohistochemical findings. The strong expression of BCL2, BCL6, MUM-1 and CD20, and the positivity for Ki67 antigen confirm the diagnosis. R-CHOP chemotherapy regimen (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone) is the most widely accepted treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Lymphoma, B-Cell/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/drug therapy , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphoma, B-Cell/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Fatal Outcome , Leg
17.
An. bras. dermatol ; 88(6): 992-993, Nov-Dec/2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-698988

ABSTRACT

Cutaneous leishmaniasis and HIV coinfection has been reported in Brazil since the initial description of AIDS in the country. We report an HIV-positive patient under antiretroviral treatment who presented with cutaneous leishmaniasis which was successfully treated with meglumine antimoniate.


A coinfecção leishmaniose cutânea e HIV tem sido descrita no Brasil desde o início da endemia de Aids no país. É relatado caso de paciente masculino, HIV positivo, em uso de terapia antirretroviral, que apresentou quadro de leishmaniose cutânea, tratada com antimoniato de meglumina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/pathology , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/pathology , Coinfection/pathology , Treatment Outcome , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/drug therapy
18.
An. bras. dermatol ; 88(3): 444-447, jun. 2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-676246

ABSTRACT

Epithelioid sarcoma, first described by Enzinger in 1970, is a rare soft-tissue sarcoma typically presenting as a subcutaneous or deep dermal mass in distal portions of the extremities of adolescents and young adults. In 1997, Guillou et al. described a different type of epithelioid sarcoma, called proximal-type epithelioid sarcoma, which is found mostly in the pelvic and perineal regions and genital tracts of young to middle-aged adults. It is characterized by a proliferation of epithelioid-like cells with rhabdoid features and the absence of a granuloma-like pattern. In this paper we present a case of proximal-type epithelioid sarcoma with an aggressive clinical course, including distant metastasis and death nine months after diagnosis.


O sarcoma epitelióide, primeiramente descrito por Enzinger, em 1970, é uma neoplasia de partes moles que ocorre principalmente nas extremidades distais de adolescentes e adultos jovens. Em 1997, Guillou e cols. descreveram um tipo diferente de sarcoma epitelióide, que afetava frequentemente a região pélvica, períneo e áreas genitais de pacientes de média idade, com exame histológico caracterizado pela proliferação de células com aspecto epitelióide. Neste trabalho, descreve-se caso de paciente que apresentava há três meses duas lesões na região glútea, cujo exame histológico confirmou diagnóstico de sarcoma epitelioide do tipo proximal, já com presença de metástases pulmonares e cerebrais e que foi a óbito nove meses após o diagnóstico.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Rare Diseases/pathology , Sarcoma/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/pathology , Buttocks , Brain Neoplasms/secondary , Fatal Outcome , Lung Neoplasms/secondary , Sarcoma/secondary
19.
An. bras. dermatol ; 88(2): 276-278, abr. 2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-674174

ABSTRACT

Kaposi's sarcoma is a malignant disease that originates in the lymphatic endothelium. It has a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations. Its four distinct clinical forms are: classic, endemic, iatrogenic and epidemic Kaposi's sarcoma. In non-HIV-associated Kaposi's sarcoma, the disease is typically limited to the lower extremities, but in immunodeficient patients, it is a multifocal systemic disease. The clinical course of the disease differs among patients, ranging from a single or a few indolent lesions to an aggressive diffuse disease. Advanced Kaposi's sarcoma lesions, typically those on the lower extremities, are often associated with lymphedema. In this paper, we report a case of a patient with a rare form of AIDS-associated Kaposi sarcoma called lymphangiectatic Kaposis's sarcoma. .


O sarcoma de Kaposi é uma neoplasia originária do endotélio linfatico, que apresenta um amplo espectro de manifestações, com quatro formas clínicas: sarcoma de Kaposi clássico, endêmico, iatrogêncio e epidêmico ou associado ao HIV. Em pacientes imunocompetentes, a doença é tipicamente limitada às extremidades. Porém em pacientes imunideprimidos, o sarcoma de Kaposi é uma doença sistêmica multifocal. Apresenta cursos clínicos diferentes, desde simples lesões cutâneas isoladas até lesões agressivas e difusas, com ou sem envolvimento sistêmico. Lesões avançadas de sarcoma de Kaposi, principalmente as localizadas nas extremidades, podem apresentar linfedema. Neste trabalho, reportamos caso de paciente com forma rara de Sarcoma de Kaposi associado a Aids, chamada de sarcoma de Kaposi linfangiectásico. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/pathology , Sarcoma, Kaposi/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Biopsy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
20.
An. bras. dermatol ; 88(2): 293-295, abr. 2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-674175

ABSTRACT

The occurence of squamous cell carcinoma on long-lasting ulcers is classic. Malignant transformation may occur on burn scars and chronic ulcers of varying etiology, including infectious agents. Transformation of old lobomycosis lesion scars into squamous cell carcinoma has been rarely reported. Careful and long-term follow-up of such patients is important to avoid carcinomatous transformation.


A ocorrência de carcinoma espinocelular sobre lesões cutâneas de longa evolução é clássica em cicatrizes de queimadura e úlceras crônicas de etiologia variada, inclusive infecciosa. Na literatura, são raros os casos de pacientes com lobomicose de longa evolução que desenvolveram CEC. O seguimento cuidadoso desses pacientes é importante, pois, nas áreas de traumas, ulcerações e cicatrizes crônicas pode ocorrer degeneração carcinomatosa. .


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Lobomycosis/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/etiology , Cicatrix/pathology , Lobomycosis/complications , Skin Neoplasms/etiology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL