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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811709

ABSTRACT

Objective@#In order to master the epidemic trend of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and evaluate the effect of prevention and control, we evaluate the epidemic dynamics of COVID-19 in mainland China, Hubei province, Wuhan city and other provinces outside Hubei from January 16 to February 14, 2020.@*Methods@#We collected the daily number of new confirmed COVID-19 cases by nucleic acid detection reported by the National Health Commission from January 16, 2020 to February 14, 2020. The analysis includes the epidemic curve of the new confirmed cases, multiple of the new confirmed cases for period-over-period, multiple of the new confirmed cases for fixed-base, and the period-over-period growth rate of the new confirmed cases.@*Results@#From January 16 to February 14, 2020, the cumulative number of new confirmed cases of COVID-19 in mainland China was 50 031, including 37 930 in Hubei province, 22 883 in Wuhan city and 12 101 in other provinces outside Hubei. The peak of the number of new confirmed cases in other provinces outside Hubei was from January 31 to February 4, 2020, and the peak of new confirmed cases in Wuhan city and Hubei province was from February 5 to February 9, 2020. The number of new confirmed cases in other provinces outside Hubei showed a significant decline (23% compared with the peak) from February 5 to February 9, 2020, while the number of new confirmed cases in Wuhan city (30% compared with the peak) and Hubei Province (37% compared with the peak) decreased significantly from February 10 to February 14, 2020.@*Conclusion@#The epidemic prevention and control measures taken by the state and governments at all levels have shown very significant effects, effectively curbing the spread of the COVID-19 epidemic in China.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707042

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the features and patterns of adverse drug reactions (ADR) induced by lentinan injection; To provide references for rational medication. Methods By using the method of retrospective analysis from 1994 to 2015, publicly reported 22 of lentinan injection ADR case report were analyzed. Results Clinical manifestations of lentinan injection ADR could be involved in a variety of organs, also could cause systemic damage. ADR associated with patient age at the same time, inappropriate drug dosage, solvent selection are factors that lead to adverse reactions. Conclusion When using lentinan injection, attention should be paid to the supervision of special population, medication should be strict according to the instructions and medication education should be strengthened, so as to reduce the occurrence of ADR and improve the satisfaction of patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605449

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between plasma homocysteine on admission and the outcome at discharge of acute ischemic stroke.Methods A non-concurrent cohort study was performed and a total of 1 3 1 9 patients with acute is-chemic stroke were continuously included in this study.According to tertile range of plasma homocysteine,patients were di-vided into three group.Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the independent association between plasma homocys-teine on admission and poor outcome at discharge of acute ischemic stroke.Results The difference of plasma homocysteine on admission between the poor outcome and those with good outcome had statistical significance (P<0.000 1).Without the adj ustment of multiple factors,when comparing to the first group,the second and third tertile seemed to have a tendency of increasing the risk of poor outcome at discharge,the OR (95%CI)was 2.111 (1.297~3.437,P<0.05),2.113 (1.361~3.279,P<0.05).After adjustment for multivariate,the second and third tertile also seemed to have a tendency of increasing the risk of poor outcome at discharge,the OR (95%CI)was 1.876 (1.160~3.036,P<0.05),2.396 (1.414~4.062,P<0.05).Conclusion The current study indicated that higher plasma homocysteine level was an independent risk factor for poor outcome at discharge in ischemic stroke patients.It would increase the risk of the outcome at discharge in patients with acute ischemic stroke,and suggests that there is a dose-response relationship between plasma homocysteine level on admis-sion and the poor outcome at discharge.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258856

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio, which are the indicators or measures of abdominal adiposity, have long been hypothesized to increase the risk of stroke; yet evidence accumulated till date is not conclusive. Here, we conducted a dose-response meta-analysis to summarize evidences of the association between these measures of abdominal adiposity and the risk of stroke.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched from inception to May 2015. Two investigators independently conducted the study selection and data extraction. Dose-response relationships were assessed by the generalized least squares trend estimation, while the summary effect estimates were evaluated by the use of fixed- or random-effect models. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the potential sources of heterogeneity and the robustness of the pooled estimation. Publication bias of the literature was evaluated using Begg's and Egger's test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Altogether 15 prospective cohort studies were identified in this study. The summary of relative risks (95% confidence intervals) of stroke for the highest versus the lowest categories was 1.28 (1.18-1.40) for waist circumference, 1.32 (1.21-1.44) for waist-to-hip ratio, and 1.49 (1.24-1.78) for waist-to-height ratio. For a 10-cm increase in waist circumference, the relative risk of stroke increased by 10%; for a 0.1-unit increase in waist-to-hip ratio, the relative risk increased by 16%; and for a 0.05-unit increase in waist-to-height ratio, the relative risk increased by 13%. There was evidence of a nonlinear association between waist-to-hip ratio and stroke risk, Pnonlinearity=0.028.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Findings from our meta-analysis indicated that waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, and waist-to-height ratio were positively associated with the risk of stroke, particularly ischemic stroke.</p>


Subject(s)
Abdominal Fat , Humans , Risk Factors , Stroke , Waist Circumference , Waist-Hip Ratio
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476103

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the association between uric acid (UA)levels of patients with acute ischemic stroke at ad-mission and discharged outcome.Methods The acute ischemic stroke patients of Xinganmeng People’s Hospital in Inner Mongolia,from June 1,2009 to May 31,2012 were continuity included in the present study,the included analysis sample size were 3 440 cases.Poor discharged outcome was defined as the occurrence of disability or death.With reference to the Modi-fied Rankin's Scale (MRs)Stroke Scale,Scores were recorded in the questionnaires,score of 3 or more (MRs≥3)was de-fined as disability.The patients were all grouped by P20,P60,P90 of UA,binary logistic regression were used in studying of risk factors,calculated the odds ratios (Odds ratio,OR)and 95% confidence interval (95% Confident interval,95%CI).All tests were two-sided test and a significance level of 0.05.Results A total of 359 people occurred poor outcomes in the stud-y,accounting for 10.44%.Univariate logistic regression analysis of poor outcome occurred showed that relative to the lowest group(P20,UA≤222.6 mmol/L),the second and third group (UA:222.7 ~ 310.9 mmol/L and 311.0~419.7 mmol/L) OR (95% CI)were:0.70(0.53~0.91)(P <0.05)and 0.66(0.49~0.88)(P <0.05).After adjusted age,body tempera-ture,high blood pressure,hyperglycemia,history of stroke,high triglycerides,high LDL-C and smoking,relative to the low-est level group,the second and third group occurred poor outcoming OR (95% CI)were:0.70(0.53~0.93)(P <0.05)and 0.66(0.48~0.90)(P <0.05).Conclusion Higher levels of uric acid levels in patients with acute ischemic stroke may inde-pendently related with occurred poor discharged outcome.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468005

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the epidemic situation and epidemiological characteristics of malaria in Jiangsu Prov?ince from 2005 to 2014,so as to provide the evidence for formulating and adjusting the strategies and measures on malaria elimi?nation in this province. Method The epidemiological data of malaria in Jiangsu province from 2005 to 2014 were collected, and the prevalence situation,infection sources as well as the temporal,regional and population distribution of the cases were an?alyzed. Result A total of 5 069 malaria cases were reported in Jiangsu Province form 2005 to 2014,there were 3 422 cases (67.51%)of vivax malaria,1 497 cases(29.53%)of falciparum malaria,and 150 cases(2.96%)that were unclassified. Among all the reported cases,2 139(42.20%)were local cases,1 131 were(22.31%)imported cases from other places in Chi?na ,and 1 799(35.49%)were imported cases from abroad. There were 3 809 male cases and 1 260 female cases,with a sex ratio of 3.02∶1. The patients were mainly aged from 25 to<60 years(accounting for 67.15%),and were mainly young adult farmers (40.26%)and migrant workers(23.63%),who mainly distributed(accounting for 60.58%)in Xuzhou,Suqian,Huai’an,Su?zhou and Nantong cities. The predominant malaria type from 2005 to 2009 were vivax malaria,while after 2010,it changed to falciparum malaria. Conclusions The malaria epidemic situation has been effectively controlled in Jiangsu Province,which re?flects the initiative achievements of malaria elimination. However,there are still many imported malaria cases from abroad,and the species of the Plasmodium are diverse. Therefore,the imported malaria from abroad still remains the key of malaria control in Jiangsu Province.

7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 861-864, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261613

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between neutrophil ratio/blood glucose and short outcome among patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted to hospitals.Methods A total of 2 265 acute ischemic stroke patients in four hospitals in Shandong province were included in this study.Through access to patients' files,data on demographic,lifestyle,medical history,family history and laboratory findings were collected from all participants at admission.Endpoint of the study was defined as poor short-term prognosis of acute cerebral infarction (NIHSS≥5) at discharge or death during hospitalization.Subjects of this study were divided into four groups:normal neutrophil ratio with normal blood glucose (NN/NG) ;normal neutrophil ratio with high blood glucose (NN/IG) ;high neutrophil ratio with normal blood glucose (IN/NG) and high neutrophil ratio with high blood glucose (IN/IG).Non-conditional logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between blood glucose/neutrophil ratio and the short outcome of acute ischemic stroke.Results Neutrophil ratio and the level of blood glucose in patients with study endpoints were both higher than those without the study endpoints,and the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.05). After multivariate adjustment,when compared to NN/NG group,the ORs (95% CI) of NN/IG,IN/NG and IN/IG group were 1.356 (0.942-1.953),1.879 (1.113-3.171) and 2.210 (1.477-3.307),respectively.Conclusion Neutrophil ratio at admission was an independent risk factor of poor short outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke.IN/IG group was considered at a highest risk in general population.Neutrophil ratio/glucose was valuable in predicting the incidence of poor short outcome in acute ischemic stroke patients.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247078

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the relationship between dyslipidemia and outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data about 1 568 patients with acute ischemic stroke were collected from 4 hospitals in Shandong Province from January 2006 to December 2008. National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) >10 at discharge or death was defined as the outcome. Effect of dyslipidemia on outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke was analyzed by multivariate logistic regression analysis and propensity score-adjusted analysis, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The serum levels of TC, LDL-C, and HDL-C were significantly associated with the outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Multivariate logistic regression analysis and propensity score-adjusted analysis showed that the ORs and 95% CIs were 3.013 (1.259, 7.214)/2.655 (1.298, 5.43), 3.157 (1.306, 7.631)/3.405 (1.621, 7.154), and 0.482 (0.245, 0.946)/0.51 (0.282, 0.921), respectively, for patients with acute ischemic stroke. Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test showed no significant difference in observed and predicted risk in patients with acute ischemic stroke (chi-square=8.235, P=0.411).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Serum levels of TC, LDL-C, and HDL-C are positively related with the outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Brain Infarction , Blood , Mortality , China , Epidemiology , Cholesterol , Blood , Dyslipidemias , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged
9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 956-960, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289604

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between white blood cell count,neutrophils ratio and erythrocyte sedimentation rate and short outcomes among patients with acute ischemic stroke at admission to the hospital.Methods A total of 2675 acute ischemic stroke patients were included in this study.Data on demographic characteristics,life style,history of disease,white blood cell count( WBC),neutrophils ratio(NEUR),erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR) and clinical outcomes were collected for all the participants.Poor clinical outcome was defined as neurologic deficiency (NIHSS≥5) at discharge or death during hospitalization.Results White blood cell count,neutrophils ratio and erythrocyte sedimentation rate were higher in patients with poor outcome than m those without clinical outcome.According to the quartile range,WBC,NEUR and ESR were divided into four levefs at admission.After adjustment for multivariate,compared with WBC≤5.6 × 109/L,the odds ratio (95% confidence intervals) of poor outcome with ≥8.7 × 109/L was 1.883 (1.306-2.716).When compared with NEUR≤0.56,the odds ratio (95% confidence intervals) of poor outcome with 0.57-0.64 and with ≥0.74 were 1.572 (1.002-2.466) and 2.577 ( 1.698-3.910),respectively.When compared with ESR≤4 mm/h,the odds ratio (95% confidence intervals) of poor outcome with ≥17 mm/h was 2.426 (1.233-4776).Elevated WBC count and NEUR at admission were significantly and positively associated with poor clinical outcomes among patients with acute ischernic stroke (trend test P<0.05).Elevated ESR was not significantly or positively associated with poor clinical outcomes among patients with acute ischemic stroke (trend test P>0.05).Conclusion There appeared associations between WBC,NEUR,ESR and poor outcome among patients with acute ischemic stroke at admission to the hospital.Both elevated WBC count and NEUR showed significantly positive association with poor clinical outcomes among patients with acute ischemic stroke at admission.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1040-1043, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289588

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association between quality of sleep and quality of life among residents of Suzhou city.Methods A total of 3225 residents at the age of 18-55 years old in Suzhou city were selected through a clustered sampling method.All the participants were comprehensively evaluated on their quality of sleep by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and on their quality of life (QOL) by SF-36 quality of life scale.Partial canonical correlation analysis was performed.Results Negative relationships were noticed between all the dimensions of sleep quality white all the QOL domains remained significant when the confounding effect of age,gender,marital status,occupation and cultural level were adjusted.The first pair of canonical correlation variances showed statistically significant differences,with 0.7978 of canonical correlation coefficient,1.7505 of eigenvalue,and 92.43% of proportion.Data on daytime dysfunction,sleep disturbances and subjective sleep quality were inversely associated with factors as vitality,general health perceptions and mental health,respectively,after controlling for covariates.The inverse relationship between the quality of sleep and the quality of life mainly manifested the following aspects:the association between the status of daytime dysfunction,sleep disturbances,subjective quality of sleep and vitality,general health perceptions and mental health.Conclusion Quality of sleep had influenced the quality of life,overall health and mental health.Daytime dysfunction,sleep disturbances and subjective sleep quality seemed the main factors in Suzhou city.Intervention programs related to improving the sleep need to be popularized among the residents,so as to make the quality of life better.

11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1171-1175, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289558

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between the concentration of serum magnesium and the short-term outcome of patients with acute ischemic stroke,in order to provide evidence for improving the outcomes.Methods Patients with acute ischemic stroke under study,were from four hospitals in Shandong province.Data on demographic characteristics,life style related risk factors,history of cardiovascular disease,blood pressure at admission and other clinical characteristics were collected for all the participants.The outcomes were defined as National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) ≥ 10 or death.According to NIHSS,the subjects were divided into two groups:death/NIHSS≥ 10 and NIHSS< 10.Concentrations of Mg2+ were categorized into four levels according to the quartiles of serum magnesium.Cox proportion hazard regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between serum magnesium concentrations and the short-term outcome of acute ischemic stroke.Results In the death/NIHSS≥10 group,concentrations of serum magnesium and the time from onset to admission were lower than that in the NIHSS< 10 group while the systolic blood pressure on admission,the proportion of low density lipoprotein abnormal,impaired fasting glucose and history of auricular fibrillation were all higher than that in the NIHSS< 10 group.Without the adjustment of multiple factors,when comparing to the lowest quartile of serum magnesium level,the fourth quartile (highest) seemed to have had a tendency of reducing the risk of death/NIHSS ≥ 10 (RR=0.47,P< 0.05).When multiple factors were adjusted (adjust serum calcium,potassium level and other factors),the fourth and the third quartiles could both reduce the risk of death/ NIHSS≥10 (RR values were 0.39 and 0.54,P<0.05,respectively).With or without the adjustment of multiple factors,there appeared a dose-response relationship between serum magnesium concentrations and the risk to death/ NIHSS≥10 (trend P<0.05).Conclusion Higher serum magnesium concentrations could reduce the risk to death/NIHSS ≥ 10,suggesting that there was a dose-response relationship between magnesium and the risk to death/NIHSS ≥ 10.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-685923

ABSTRACT

0.05)and 1.464(95% CI 1.061- 2.020,P=0.02),respectively in hemorrhagic stroke patients after adjustment for age,gender,ethnieity,cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking.However,the ORs of mortality and morbidity were not significant in various pulse pressure groups in ischemic stroke patients.Conclusion The elevated pulse pressure was associated with increased risk of in-hospital morbidity only in hemorrhagic stroke patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-639696

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence of massage on gastrointestinal motility in premature infants.Methods Fifty-eight premature infants from NICU of the affiliated hospital of Jining medical college were randomly divided into massage group(28 cases) and control group(30 cases).They were all received usual care.The infants in massage group were subjected to caresses touches twice(5-20 min/time)every day.The time of meconium and charcoal being excreted were recorded.Blood samples were collected on day 2,7 after birth.Motolin and gastrin were determined by radioimmunassays.Results The time of meconium and charcoal being excreted in massage group was(78.78?41.16) h and(21.48?9.85) h,respectively.Those in control group were(101.84?32.84) h and(34.66?13.20) h,respectively,there were significant differences between massage group and control group(P0.05).The blood concentrations of motilin and gastrin on day 7 in massage group were(402.35?40.14) ?g/L and (133.60?25.99) ?g/L, respectively,those were(315.84?37.62) ?g/L and (80.22?33.50) ?g/L in control group,respectively,there were significant differences in the blood concentrations of motilin and gastrin between 2 groups(Pa

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638535

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the influence of partial parenteral nutrition on serum osmotic pressure,blood glucose,(biochemistry),bilirubin metabolism,immune function,growth and development of premature infants.Methods Seventy premature infants were randomly divided into control group and study group.On the base of enteral feeding,study group were offered parenteral nutrition, while the control group were supplied 10% glucose, fluid and electrolytes. Simultaneously, relevant indices were measured in 2 groups.Results 1.There were no significant difference in serum osmotic pressure,blood glucose and biochemistry before and after parenteral nutrition. 2.There were no significant difference in emerging and lasting time of jaundice between 2 groups.3.Serum IgG,IgA,IgM,C_3,CD4 and CD4/CD8 in study group were significantly higher than those in control group. 4.In study group the time of hospitalization and birth-weight regain were significantly shorter than those in control group.Conclusions There is no significant influence on serum osmotic pressure,blood glucose, biochemistry and bilirubin metabolism during partial parenteral nutrition. Parenteral nutrition may help gain weight, shorten the time of hospitalization, and improve immunological function of neonates.

15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 127-129, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244218

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Traditional prenatal diagnosis for congenital diseases were villus sampling and amniocentesis. These invasive diagnosis methods are not only technical complicated, but also harmful to mother or fetus. Fetus in its different gestational age has its different type of hemoglobin or different amount of hemoglobin, especially epsilon hemoglobin exiting in the body of 10 weeks gestation fetal, however gamma hemoglobin has its high amount before baby to be born. But epsilon and gamma hemoglobin did not exist in the bodies of adults bodies. It is possible to use advanced molecular biological technique to extract the fetal hemoglobin gene from maternal peripheral blood. In articles from domestic and abroad, no report related to fetal hemoglobin extraction from maternal peripheral blood was found. We tried to use non-invasive method to detect fetal hemoglobin epsilon/gamma gene from maternal peripheral blood by molecular biological technique. The purpose was to establish a convenient, sensitive and special method to be a basis of screening prenatal diseases in the population and lay a basis for family planning and clinical application.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Blood samples were collected and the fetal mRNA extracted from the pregnant women with the use of random primer. We used ultraviolet spectrophotometer to test the concentration and purity of extracted mRNA are suitable for reverse transcription. Reverse transcription of mRNA into cDNA was carried out and cDNA by PCR with the special epsilon/gamma primer being used. Via 1.2% EB in agarose gel electrophoresis, we used "Gel Works System" to scan the electrophoresis image to detect epsilon/gamma gene band.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The peripheral blood of pregnant women was collected. With RT-PCR and agarose gel electrophoresis method, we detected epsilon/gamma gene successfully in 7 samples with 6 positive and 1 negative.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This was the first time that we used non-invasive way to detect expression of fetal epsilon/gamma gene in maternal blood to have found that this was a simple method to separate fetal cells from maternal blood, and could easily be accepted by pregnant women. Success of RT-PCR to detect fetal specific mRNA gave the hint that this method could be used in the field of prenatal diagnosis of hemoglobin disease, predicting fetal gender, predicting Rh blood type and single gene disease and be used widespread in prenatal diagnosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Globins , Genetics , Humans , Pregnancy , Blood , RNA, Messenger , Blood , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods
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